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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas A t i f 1 Doily Newspaper HOME EDITION DM UTY bLOBEGAZETTE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O W A N S N E I G M O R S VOL LIX Associated Presi end United Press Full Leato wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 7 This Paper ConiUUot Two One Commies UN Agree to POW Trade Benson Says Foes Exploit Price Drops Raps Demos in Speech at Denver DENVER of Agri culture Benson Tuesday accusec political foes of making a deliber ate attempt to unload responsi bility for a farm price decline on t the Eisenhower administration Fear of another depression which smolders in the thinking o every farmer who experienced tha catastrophe was awakened and I regret to say deliberately fee by some who sought to embaras the administration he said Truth of Matter The truth of the matter the GOP farm said is this The chickens are coining home to roost They are not bu weve got to take care ofthem AVe inherited them along with other items in our legacy Benson in a speech prepared for the National Farm and Ranch Congress of the Denver Chamber of Commerce said he had earlier resolved not to reply to false charges Benson listed these items as be ing among the Eisenhower admin islrations 1 A dollar fallen 50 per cen in value in 10 years 2 a nationa debt of 265 billion dollars 3 16 per cent decline in farm prides in the previous two years 4 high rigid farm production costs which those who planned the inflation left us 5 price supports tha are putting farm products into storage rather than into stomachs and are upsetting foreign trade and drawing foreign products to us like a magnet One Per Cent Drop Benson said farni vpnces had dropped only i per cent since he took office predicted steadj prices during the spring and sum mer The Cabinet officer particu larly critical of existing sup port laws He said that with rising prices born of worldwideinflation high rigid supports had the ap pearance of success largely be cause market prices were gener ally at or above the supports Red Official Is Discharged MOSCOW D Ig natiev was fired as a secretary of the Central Committee of the So viet Communist party for allowing officials of his former state secur ity ministry to frame a case against 15 Soviet doctors it was disclosed Tuesday The Central Committees news paper Pravda disclosed in an edi torial that Ignaliev had lost his high party post to which he was named only March 21 The editorial demanded that the Soviet people maintain vigilance against subversive groups but did not mention Jewish Bour geois Nationalism or the Ameri can Jewish Joint Distribution Com mittee which were named in pre vious editorials of this type In this instance the editorial laid special emphasis on the equal ity of race and nationality in the USSR Tuesdays editorial did not spe cify officially why Ignatiev lost his job but the newspaper Monday ac cused him of political blindness and gullibility in the false arrest of the doctors in January Reds Appeal to Drop Germ Probe UNITED NATIONS NY W Russiaappealed to the US Tues day to drop its demand for an impartial investigation of Commu nist charges that American troops waged germ warfare in Korea Soviet Delegate1 Zorin told the UNs 60nation Political Committee there was no need for the committee to consider the de tails of Ihe charges now He urged instead that the US rati fy the Geneva Convention against bacteriological warfare and indi cated that such action would close the incident so far as Russia is concerned OOP SWEEP DETROIT Repub licans all state offices voted M in Mondays spring election mofficial returns showed Tuesday I lriTCr ATTVDCJ m dm 4 mri i v CloboGnzetle pholo by Schmidt LEGISLATORS AT STATE the various sizes of butter cartons on a tour of State Brand Creameries Inc are irom left Rep Fred ScHwengel Davenport Leo H Benson State Brand manager Sen X T Preniis Moimfc Ayr RepClark McNeal Belmond Sen Don Risk Independence The conference committee on oJeobutter visited the plant Monday after inspecting oleo plants at Chicago Report Agreement on Oleo Following Mason City Visit By KEN SCHMIDT GlobeGazette Farm Editor Iowas legislative committee on he oleo question Tuesday was re ported in tentative agreement n Des Moines after the group made a quick inspection Monday of padk aging and of butter at State 3rand Creameries Inc in Mason v Sen Fraiik Byers of Cedar Ra pids chairman of the committee made the announcement Although no official announce ment of the agreement was forth coming individual members said t includes 1 Oleomargarine shall be sold only in Eastern flats of four quarter pound 2 Oleomargarineshall be sold in segments but the word oleo shall be stamped or em bossed four times on one side only of each quarter pound 3 Serving of oleo would be pro hibited in restaurants but per nitted in state institutions If six of the eight members of he from the Senate and three from the House the committee proposal t will then be presented to each louse for consideration If the two houses then approve the compro Scientists Develop Pill for Radiation CHICAGO CflA big fat pill cost ng about probably would save ou from radiation sickness or death from an Abombscientists aid Tuesday Youdhave to take it though ust before the bomb wentoff The kingsize pill lookslike the iest practical bet so far to guard gainst radiation the new element n Abombs as compared bombs The prbspect was described by cientists speaking ina news con erence or presenting reports to he Federation of American Socie ies for Experimental biology The pilfwould weigh almost two unces for 150pound person It ivould be smaller for someone mailer still bigger for a fatty It would be madVotCysteine one f amino acids or building locksof proteins such as muscle atnerves and other tissues Dr Harvey M Patt one of the itomic Energy Commissions Ar onne National Laboratory here said would take it cysteine f an attack were I vouldnttwant to take a daily dose ver a Hong for then the ysteine damage body or ans t ButDr Patt added if he knew n Abomb were about to burst Id run first1 and worry about rotection mise the bill will then go to the governor The legislators studying the oleo question decided Monday afternoon to visit the Mason City creamery to get balancing information for their tour of an oleo factory in Chicago The committsemen were told in Chicago that packaging oleo iti tri angular shapes was not practical The1 legislators heard somewhat different remarks from their State Brand guide Plant Manager Leo II Benson Benson referring to a remark by an oleo backer that the Ameri can housewife wants yellowoleo in flat cartons she wants it that way so she can say to friends who comeover to eat Please pass the butter A whole generation is now grow ing up that is eating oleoitnd call ing it butter he added Embossing Bensonled five of thecommittee members present through State Brands packaging room handed them sample cartons of various sizes and chilledthem in a tour through the refrigerator rooms where butter is stored State Brand handles about 35 million pounds annually Back in Bensons office after the swift lour they discussed the pos sibility of embossing oleo to identi fy the same as individual patties of butter is now embossed for restaurant use Told in Chicago that oleo is too soft to be embossed with a dis tinguishing mark before it is wrapped the committeeheardj Ben son say thai butter could arid is being embossed in much the same machines And the consistency of theoleo would have to be the sameas but teriorelse the packages would not be uniform weight1 and size said Benson Wrapping Problem Most of the legislators agreed that oleo could easily be cut or extruded into triangular shaped pieces butthatthe problem would arise when these were wrapped and packaged The sharp nessof the angleswould cause the oleo to break off at edges some said The possibility of embossing oleo to identifyit was avidly discussed Sen Don Risk Independence said This may be the way out after he heard Benson give his opinion that embossing could be accom plished on each quarter poundof oleo with not too much additional equipment r POSSIBLE SOURCE OF CANCER Harry iGoldblattv director of the Institute of Medical Research at Cedarsof Lebanon Hospital in jLosAngeles holds a ekn cerousrathe usedanexperiments which may Bother keytothe enigma of cancer Dr Goldbfatt announced Vd Produced cancerous bycuttingoffn Jgen supply from normal cells Even If Peace Comes Ike Says Troops Will Have f6 Stay in Asia WASHINGTON Eisenhower said Tuesday that even if peace comes in Korea our men and those of our Allies will have to stay in that region quite a while Eisenhower made the statement in abrief Informaltalk at the annual meeting of the United Defense Fund Inc His suggestion that seems a possibility cdme atop an earlier WhiteHouse description of the United NatiohsCommunist agreement on repatriation of sick and wounded prisoners as en couraging Raises Money The United Defense Fund raises money to support such programs as that of the United Services Or ganization Eisenhower told the meeting that if a Korean armistice is ar ranged lhere will be possibly an rangcu inere wm ue possibly an even greater need for such pro WASHINGTON Bridges grams as the USO in Korea said aflor a conference grains as the USO in Korea Then he added that even if peace comes in Korea our men and y tuuics in jvorcu our men anu ii uu those of our Allies will have to f a11 thc stay in that regibn quite a while impairing effici The President added that a r sccunty rmistice period would be a trv Bndfics chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee h a cl breakfast with Eisenhower at the House newsmen that eluding defense without impair ing efficiency or national secur ity Only for Himself Asked whether Eisenhower agreed with him on that Bridges replied he was speaking onty for Can Gut Taxes FBI Agent Says Reds Posed as Gospel Ministers JVASHINGTON W Herbert A Philbrick a former counterspv for the FBI testified Tuesdaythat a few years ago a deeply under ground group in Bos ton included seven or eight party members posing as ministers of ic gospel The witness testifiedat a hear ing of the Senate Internal Secur ity Subcommittee He said he Had been1 shocked to discover that cultural leaders of the Boston area belongtothe secret Red or ganization only didit include seven or eight ministers Philbrick said but also doctors lawyers public school teachers college and uni versity professors businessmen government workers and publish ers He didnot identify Mhcm Philbricksaid he worked inside the Communist Party for nine years at the request of the FBI All About The Weather Mason City Light rain beginning Tuesday night and continuing through Wednesday Iowa Cloudy with occasional rains spreading northeastward Minnesota Cloudy with occasional rain south and central GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Tuesday Maximum 55 Minimum 35 Ati8 42 All Spending Can Be Sliced Has Conference With Eisenhower President Eisenhower Tues spending can be armistice period would be ing period He said the impatience of Americans would become evident after any armistice and that the newsmcn services performed by the United hc d th discussed the Defense Fund would help alleviwhole problem of federal spending ate gripes of solders who would Bndees sald hls nwn have on in the Korean area litters Prayer Speaking just a few hours after announcement in Korea that the Allies and Communistshad agreed on a plan for exchange ofsick and wounded prisoners of war Eisen hower said every rightthinking individual utters the prayer to his God every night for peace The President then said that if peace come there will be at least an equal a greater UnitedDefense Fund service He said that if an armistice is arranged dont let anyone tell you the need for your services will be lessened Eisenhower said that during World War II he had the great honor of commanding the greatest number of Americans in history and that he came to have a deep appreciation of services performed by the USO and similar organiza tions Brief Comment There had been a brief earlier White House commenf on the de velopments Press Secretary James C Hag erty said President Eisenhower and thegovernment of the United of course following very closely the negotiations at Pan munjom t Com mittee for Economic Develop ment Tuesday expressed belief government spending can r be brought into in the coming fiscal year with out giving up scheduled tax re ductions This wouldmean trimming a little overxsix and onehalf bil lion dollars out of spending for the 12 months starting July 1 as projected by former President Truman The CED said taxes should not be cut until economies to bal ance the budget have been de vised himself He added that Eisenhow er had asked him not to talk about the Presidents feelingsregarding spending Asked how much he might be possible to cut the XK proposed budget sumitted to Congress by former President Tru man Bridges replied he was not ready to make an estimate Earlier Sen Dirksen that if there is a truce in Korea the armed services can and must take a substantial reduction Were going to be in a fix if we dont balance the budget and we cant do it without cutting military spending Dirksensaid in an in terview Sen Russell DGa and Sen Sparkman D meanwhile said that whether a ceasefire comes in Korea or not the arms budget shouldnotbe slashed so deeply as to lower this nations guard against a Soviet regime suddenly talking as if it wants peace AndSen Duff RPa said it a fatal mis take if the US should relax its efforts t r AP Wlrcphoto FREEDOM ROAD This road leading south from Kaesong to the truce site may be the high way down which Allies prison ers will be escorted if the POW negotiations become effective No 1 is the truce village at Pan munjom No 2 is thetrucetent and No 3 is a groupof tents for service personnel OK Liquidation of Pension Plan DBS MOINES 6BThe Iowa Sen ate Tuesday passed a bill which will permit liquidation of local teachers pension plans in six cities Purpose of the liquidation is to permit the teachers to go under federal social security The federal system cannot take any group of public employes al ready under a system of their own The six cities where teachers vc such systems areDesMoines Mason City Dubuque Clinton1 Ce dar Rapids and Sioux City FIELD MARSHAL DIES MUNICH atft local lospital disclosed Tuesday that Field Marshal Hugo Sperrle 68 who directed the Nazi air blitz of London in 1940 died last week All Sick Prisoners Included Only Minor Disagreements MUNSAN Nations and the C o m m u s agreed Tuesday to exchange all sick and wounded prisoners the nearly threeyearold Korean War Actual mechanics of the ex hange still must be worked out But there were only minor disi agreements and Allied aid they anticipatedno trouble reaching swift settlement ff The Reds said they wouidrepoft within the next day or so how many disabled prisoners they would de liver to Panmunjomforthe ex change start within a week after plans are completecU Civilian will be in cluded v Very Favorable The senior Allied Liason officer RearAdm JohnC Daniel said the Communist attitude is very favor able at this point and develop ments were encouraging at Panmunjom went so smoothly Tuesday herevoiced hopethe talks will pavethe way to a Korean trucV Total talking time was 36 minutes Gen Lee Red liaison team said Uie ninepoint plan submitted By Adml DanielMonday the basis Commit nists agreeYtoroughIyhalf of it4 nil rt including key points f rri A i yr AP Wlrephbto FREEDOM this bridge eight miles east of Pan munjom the prisoners of war from both sides will cross the Imjln River To Hang Ibr Perfect Crime BALTIMpRE W George Ed ward Grammer Tuesday was sen tenced to1 hangfor perfect slaying of his wife last summer so hecould marry a pret ty stenographer in New York Judge Herman M Moser who convicted Grammer of first degree murder sensational trial last Grammer not only proceeded by a cunning scheme to murder his wife but also developed a plan to make her death look accidental Mrs Grammer former Balti more nurse who had come here from New York to help care for her dying father was found dead in her sedan after it had careened down a hill at the northeast edge of Baltimore lastAug 20 Her husband evidence at the trial showed had spent a week earlier in the monthat Chicago with MissMathilda Mizibrocki a UN secretary from Canada and they had talked of marriage BULLETINS SEOUL Korea ican Sabrejets destroyed or aged10 Communist MtGs Tues day andn thegroUnd Chinese South1 Korean troops fought bitterly for control of strafe gic Eastern Front outpost DES MOINESWi The State Board of Education Tuesday de livered to every member of the Legislatures hardhitting complaint against an order by state comptroller on rever sion of funds and the operation of i the preeudit act of the Legislature SAME U trtrtte put 34 1 ged prisonersincluding those along wfflif the seriously injurecUvThis means direct repatriation lands of all those who undertheGeneva Con vcnlion of 1949 would otherwise be sent to neutral countries the change pointy j 3Both sides wijl report the num ber of sick and wounded to be traded and break the figures by nationality 4 The prisoners to be exchanged will be delivered to Panmunjom ia groups of 25 5 Both sides will presentrosters giving name rankahd nationality when delivering sign receipts for those delivered j The Reds said sub mit changes and additions to other Adm panielfsaid He thought tha Reds were notpreparedto start the exchange immediately became their staffwork ready for them the exchange Reservation During the discussions the Com munists made pnly one reserva tion Lee said We reserve the right to ask for the accommodation ina neutral country of those prisoners of war in the custody of your side who will not be directly This puzzled Allied negotiators sinceit already had to bypass Article 110 of the Geneva Convention which tral country to prisoners7 with minor wounds who might be able to fightagain within a year At Tuesdays liaison meeting at Panmunjom Adm Daniel told the Reds the UN accepted the sick and wounded repatriation plan The Reds askedfop a recess of 20 and tended it ior another 20 Iminutes Then Lee announced Reds would agree to He added however Reds would submittheir Versions of the followirigV parts the Daniels plan 1 Exchange1 to seven days after tied f A vj i j 2 Delivery of prisoners the rate of 500 daily until exchangeis completed 3 Liaison groups free access to the Panmunjom area k 1 i 4 The number of JMTSWM In HM Panmunjom per exchanged should not MVi r v i A
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