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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper HOME EDITION MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETT THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press KuU Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 21 1953 This Paper Consists Two Ono Zapotocky New Leader of Red Wilson Faces Tough Going in Effort to Reduce Forces No 139 Malenkov Resigns Post as Head of Committee 5Man Group Takes Over PhW chief of Committee Ukrainian party S Khrushchev takes over The change was announced Sat urday by Pravda the partys newspaper It said a plenary ses sion of the Central Committee ac cepted Malenkovs resignation on March 34 The announcement made it clear that the 58yearold Khrushchev who regained a reputation for firm policies in the Ukraine will devote his full time to the task of admin istering the party He will operate under the leadership of the com mittees 10m c m b er presidium which is still headedby Malenkov The new setup will allow Malen kov to concentrate full attention on bis post as prime minister No mention was made Saturday of the position of general secretary of the party and it appeared this formal for many years by Joseph been abol ished for some time The post was not listed at the time of Stalins funeral Nor was it mentioned last October when a 10man secretari at was elected Then Stalins name simply appeared at the top of the list of secretaries The four other members of the new streamlined secretariat were listed in then order of Minister Georgi M Malenkov government lias resigned his ppstTas sian Communist Partys powerful Cen A 5man secretariat headed by formei boss Nikita Mikhail Suslov 51 former party leader in the North Caucasus and Lithuanian republic and recently editorinchief of Pravda Peter Pospelov exPravda edi tor who long headed the MarxEn gelsLenin Institute as a leading theoretician of the Red party Nikoli Shatalin recently a can didate to the secretariat Scmyon Ignatiev 49 veteran party worker and former deputy in the Moscow soviet A auto 70 Members of Family Killed WASHINGTON NJ UP headon collision between an and a trailertruck near here claimed the lives of 10 members of one family in what police de scribed Saturday as the worst acci dent of its kind in New Jersey his tory Raymond Matlock the only mem ber of the family who was not killed instantly died in a hospital early Saturday his eighth birth day The driver of the trailertruck and a passenger riding with him were not injured The accident occurred Friday on Route CO Ihrcc miles north of here U S Officials See Signs of Red Parley WASHINGTON officials saw apparently unmistak able signs Saturday that Russian Premier Georgi Malenkov is ang ling for a cold war conference with President Eisenhower The wisps in the wind were fa too flimsy so far to warrant anj formal U S recognition But the were regarded as a possible tip off on a forthcoming major shif in Soviet foreign policy New Era Foreign diplomats in Moscov said Friday night the new Ameri can ambassador probably would get a chance to set up an Eisen howerMalenkov meeting tha might usher in a new era in US Soviet relations The fact that dispatches carry ing their views cleared through Russian censorship was the clear signal to observers here that the Kremlin is trying to encourage such a face to face conference on EastWest issues Stalin threw out feelers for a similar top level meeting in an nterview before he died Appar ently his successor has the same dea This and the strangely concilia tory Soviet gestures toward Brit am seemed on the surface at least to suggest the Communist leaden might be maneuvering for a set tlement of cold war issues But American officials who have been burned on Soviet peace feel ers before were determined that Russia make the first concrete move Evaluated Talks Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said Friday that his aides have evaluated talks by new Soviet Premier Georgi M Malenkov play ing on the peace theme but we do not receive any great com fort Secretary of Defense Charles E Wilson also said that U S foreign affairs experts see no indication of any important change in Moscow or Red China as a result of Josef Stalins death SAVED PROM RAGING Ericksen top clings to Joseph Corso of Ottawa 111 as the lad was saved from drowning in the Kankakee River The boy and two companions were thrown into the water when their rowboat swept over a dam Ericksen was the only one saved Corso was one of the rescuers who jumped into the river m an effort to save the boys SERVICEMEN DIE IN steel helmet and shoe lie on theground lower right Reside a twisted mass of metal that was once an airplane before itT crashed and over seas ALVARADO Calif big Transocean Airlines DC4 plungec nto a hill near here killing al 5 persons aboard and authentic Saturday sought to learn whcthei he crash was caused by ice coaled n the planes control surfaces Civil Aeronautics Authority offic als said the pilot of the fourmotor lane gave no indication of trouble Friday night when he radioed the Oakland Airport 23 miles north o icrc He said he was flying at an illilude of 3500 feet to make a tandard instrument landing ap jroach Five of the dead were identifiec s crewmen of the DC4 The 30 ther victims were Air Force per onnel from Walker Air Force Base at Roswell NM enroute to he Far East as maintenance spe ialisls for the 509lh Bomb Wing Two witnesses to the crash Wil iam Silva and his wife Wilma aid big chunks of ice fell to the round moments after the plane it a small hill on the edge of a lasturc and burst into flames At about pm my wife card the plane fly over Silvn aid She ran to the window and aw it flash by very low overhead ran out into the batk yard antl aw it was flying perpendicular to he ground about 2000 yards way Then a wing caught on the round and seemed to crumble here was a big explosion I ran nlo the front yard and there was cbrisfalling all over I nolicec arge chunks of ice dropping al ver He said the ice was molded in ic shape of the trailing edge 01 he wing Air Force officers and CAA ex erts were investigating the pos ibilily that the planes defrosters ailed and allowed ice to cover ilerons or stabilizer and rudder uch icing would leave the con rols locked and immobile All the Asiabound planes four ngincs were running when he saw t dive into the ground Silva said Painter Fined for Furnishing Beer to Minors NEW HAMPTON Donald F lewis 36 Fredericksburg painter riday pleaded guilty indistrict ourt and was fined and costs a a charge of making beer avail ble to minors Lewis was arrested Saturday ight March 14 near Basselt by loyd Carver and John Knight ate highway patrolmen Lewis nd four New Hampton juvenile oys were drinking beer the pa rolmen said 35 Die as Plane Crashes Believe Ice May Be Cause X Marks the Spot CHICAGO UJVAn unidentified taxpayer returned to the office of the Internal Revenue Bureau Friday to make a correction on his return Director Ernest J Sauber said the man originally had signed his tax return with an X explaining he could not write English He changed the signature and told Sauber I forgot I had two names Capt Fischer of Swea City Shoots Down 10th Red MIG SEOUL Sabre jets Saturday shot down five Communist MIGs and damaged seven others in the skies over North Korea Two American pilots clowned their nri i i pilots downed their and became double aces during the furious air battles Capt Manuel Fernandez Jr of Miami Fla and Capt Har old E Fischer Jr 27 of Swca City la each raised his MIG destruction score to 10 the 5lh Air Force said Fernandez shot down two MIGs Saturday afternoon while Fischer shot down one Fischer a 27yearold Iowa farm boy who did tap dancing to restore full use of his legs after suffering polio when he was a lad of six needed less than two months to progress from jet ace to double jet ace status It was on Jan 24 that he was credited with bis fifth MIG kill At that time speaking of his fathers farm in owa he said I would like to go back and farm but as long as this thing goes on Illstay In Iowa Fischers parents said were pretty proud of him but not loo surprised He loves to fly On the ground there were only sporadic clashes between HOEGHS AIDE DES MOINES MIowa Attorney General Leo Hocgb said Saturday that Earl R Shoslrom has re signed as special assistant allor ncy general in charge of claims caked soldiers mud as steady rain soaked the 155 mile bottlefront un til near dawn Allied fighter bombers sliced through clearing skies to strafe and bomb the Communist front and just behind the Red lines Twenty American superforts blasted Red troop and supply cen ters in North Korea during dark ness Seven of the B29s bombed tar gets southeast Pyongyang and six others hit north of the Red capital The six superforts flying north of Pyongyang dropped bombs around 230 buildings and supply stacks at Sinni on the main rail and road network from Manchuria south of the front All About The Weather Mason City Cloudy with strong shifting winds and turning colder Iowa Cloudy with strong shifting winds turning colder in most sec tions Minnesota Cloudy and windy with occasional showers or thunder showers GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum Minimum At 8 am YEAR Maximum Minimum 60 45 56 40 28 Surprises Many Top Men i by Revealing Intention WASHINGTON IflDefense Secretary Charles E Wil son faced tough going Saturday in currying out his surprise promise to reduce the number of men in the armed forces Asserting that recent Russiandevelopments had not al Atered his intention to cut the U S Cracks Down on Ships in Red Trade 14 Vessels on Mortgage to Greece WASHINGTON US gov ernment has gone after 15 ships it says were trading with Communist countries and has announced it is pointing its legal weapons at many more Two separate actions were taken Friday 1 The Maritime Administration declared the mortgages on 14 Lib erty ships sold to Greek compan ies in default because the owners liad not submitted annual inspec tion certificates preliminary to This could be a foreclosing the mortgages but the owners have a chance to stave off that action 2 At Transbay Richmond Calif Ihe government seized the Seven Seas a 10195 ton tanker charging it had been bought illegally by aliens using US citizens as dum mies Sen and a Confirms McCarthy McCarthy RWis said Maritime Administration spokesman they were on a list of 96 that allegedly have been trading with Communist countries McCarthy has been de manding that the government Took into the possibility of repossessing the ships They arc mortgages vessels sold under by the government The terms of the mortgages place no restrictions on trading by the ships the spokesman said but they do require that certificates be filed annually Ho show the ships have been inspected and arc being kept in good condition The other ships listed as trading with Iron Curtain countries are sailing under French and Italian flags the spokesman said and were going after the rest of them now Order In the California case Keith R Ferguson special assistant to the US attorney general obtained court approval of a seizure order The order said that when the ship was sold in May 1947 it was Falsely represented that the new owners were Americans Ferguson said the owners were North American Shipping and Trading Company Inc of New that this organization in turn by Greek and York but was owned Panamanian interests including Stavros Niarchps and t h c Com paniu Internacional de Vaporcs Lda Ferguson told newsmen the anker Jeanny would be seized Sunday and the St Christopher on Is arrival Tuesday They have been running oil be hind the fron Curtain he de dared TRAFFIC VICTIM JIAWARDEN W Thomas Lcc Dimmick 4 was killed Friday in carpedestrian accident military budget Wilson said Friday the number of men in uni form definitely is coming down perhaps in a few months He also told his first news con ference draft calls will be reduced if possible That brought less sur prise in military circles however where it was pointed out that a sleep dropoff is in prospect for the next fiscal year Necessary These sources said the present draft rate of 53000 men a month is necessary to replace the large number of men called to duty in fiscal 19Sl and now on their way out They expected the rate to fall to 31000 a month in the fiscal year starting next July 1 Wilsons determination to cut to tal manpower strength below the present 3507000 became known to many Pentagon personnel and bud get officials only when his state ment came through on Pentagon news tickers He coupled the disclosure with a statement that he was sure he could cut the military bud get request submitted to Congress ay former President Truman just before leaving office He hoped he also could reduce military spend ing in the next fiscal year below Mr Trumans estimate of 000000 Wilsorr said however that the Joint Chiefs Staff had just started a review of military plans and spending includingmanpower re quirements lie asked them what cuts can be made without giving up anything vital to security He also askedthem to consider a spending cut on the order of How Extensive Wilsons proposed manpower re did not specify how ex tensive they should at a time when the three services have almost 100000 fewer men than pro vidcd for in the current budget Theyhave 257000 fewer than the Joint Chiefs of Staff proposed to the Truman administration for fis cal 1954 Experts said reducing total mil tary manpower even more would be extremely One officer who could not be named but whose position is im portant said he did not think Wil son had been given the complete picture yet on manpower needs Another said any significant re duclions in manpower would cause changes in strategic plans requir ing National Security Council and White House decisions Unanimous Election by 2710 Vote Takes Over for Klement Gottwald VIENNA Austria HI Antonin Zapotochy 68yearold former Nazi concentration camp trusty wanted by the Dutch on war crimes charges was elected Communist president of Czechoslovakia Satur day Prague Radio announced the rub berstamp Czech Parliament voted unanimously 271 to 0 to put the onetime trade union leader in the seat vacated just a week ago by the death of President Klement Gottwald Gottwald 56 caught a fatal cold at the funeral of Joseph Stalin in Moscow according to Communist announcements The deputies summoned only Fri day to a session to elect a president learned only after they got into the hall who was to be the nominee Cheer Announcement Then it was announced the Cen tal Committee of the Communist Party and the Communistdomi nated National Front proposed Za potocky a lifelong revolutionary and union boss who got only an ele mentary education in his youth The announcement by Deputy Prime Minister Vilem Siroky was greeted jy loud cheers and Zapotocky was sworn in within 15 minutes The Czech Central Committee also proposed to Zapotocky that Vil em Siroky be the new premier Zapotocky has been premier since shortly after the Communistsseized power in February 1948 by threat ening Eduard Benes the ailing and aging president with bloodshed and forcing him to agree to an allCom munist cabinet Stepped Up the succeedinggeneral elec Junc Premier Gottwald ASK PERMISSION WASHINGTON Chicago Rock Jsfand and Pacific Railroac has asked the Interstate Commerce Commission for permission to abandon a 56 miles line between Oakland and Carson la At Request of McCarthy SAME BUclc flan in past 111 hours Taft Postpones Vote on Boh I en WASHINGTON Re publican Leader Robert A Taft Saturday postponed until Wednes day a Senate vote on the contro versial nomination of Charles E Bohlen to be ambassador to Rus sia Taft acted at the request of Joseph R McCarthy A vote had been scheduled for Monday McCarthy who strongly opposes he nomination told newsmen he the postponement so he can go into some other aspects of he matter He also charged Scott McLcod he State Departments top sccur ily officer has been ordered not to appear before his Senate Perma nent Investigating subcommittee until after the vote He refused to say who issued the order but said it wasnt President Eisen hower McCarthy said McLeod bad re fused to Clear Bohlen and he accused Secretary of Stale John Foster Dulles of diplomatic double talk in saying Friday that Dulles and McLeod were in accord on the final evaluation of an FBI report on Bohlen He charged Dulles had suffered a collapse of memory1 McCarthy branded Dulles news conference statement that McLeod had agreed to Bohlens clearance McCarthy said he certainly thinks Dulles has authority to over rule McLeod on Bohlen but that he certainly doesnt have any right to misinform the Senate and the people about the matter1 McCarthy claimed McLeod never cleared Bohlen from a security standpoint i The Wisconsin Republican said he regards Bohlen as a bad secur ity risk Dulles appeared before the Sen ate Foreign Relations Committee Wednesday and gave an evaluation of the FBI report on Bohlcn The committee approved Eohlcn 150 after Dulles said he found nothing in the report indicating BoWen was a security or loyalty risk McCarthys subcommittee had been scheduled to hear McLeod Saturday but he failed to show up for the third time McLeods office had reported he was out of town for the weekend McCarthy said McLeod normal ly would be subpoenaed but that in this case no sucli action will be taken because it might bring about McLeods resignation McLeod hart told Senate friends Wednesday night he was going to resign on tions in was made president and Zapotocky topped up from vicepremier to premier Siroky 50 has been vice prc nier Like Zapotocky Siroky helped organize the Communist party in Czechoslovakia In March 1951 ha succeeded the purged Vlado Clem cntis as foreign minister but gave up that job early this year Westerners in Vienna said they did not expect any change in Czech oslovak policy as a result ofZa polockys election He has been a faithful pupil and puppet of Moscow his entire political life Soviet policy has included the im prisonment in Prague of AP Cor respondent William 0 a t i s Irumpcd up spy charges Most Likely Zapotocky had been considered the most likely choice to succeed Gottwald A former stonecutter who was born at Zakolny in Bo hemia on Dec 19 1884 Zapotocky obtained only elementary school education He early followed in the footsteps of his father a tailor who was founder of the Czech So cial Democratic Party After service in the garian Army in World War I potocky became a cofounder of tha Communist Parly iu 1952 and wag a Communist deputy in the Czech republics new parliament The Nazis arrested him and threw him into a concentration camp when they took over Slovakia in 1939 In camp he be came a trusty and was charged with responsibility for the death of a number of Dutch inmates ol the camp As a result the Dutch govern ment three limes sought his extra dition on war crimes charges in 1947 But the Czech governmentof the then president Eduard Be nes refused the requests vvald at the time was premier Best Known The new president became best known as the secretary of Czecho slovakias Communist Trade Union Federation a position which he got dn 1929 and kept until 1950 except for the period of his im prisonment Freed from the Nazis in 1945 by the Red Army Zapotocky plunged into Czech politics and was one of the main agents of the Woodless coup by which Gottwald forced Benes to appointan all ommunist government in Febru iry 1948 Zapotockys Action ommittees formedin the Jac ories were a in Gott valds hand by which he ned Benes with nationwide dis
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