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Mason City Globe Gazette: Friday, March 13, 1953 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1953, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION DN ClTY GLOBEGAZEtTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTHv IOWANS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 13 1953 TliLs Paper ContUU of Two One NO m U S Bluntly Warns Czechs on Plane Incidents fri British Level Murder Charge on Russians BONN Germany W Britain charged the Soviet Union Friday with a deliberate brutal act of aggression and murder in the shooting down Thursday of an un armed Royal Air Force Lincoln bomber near Hamburg Because of that attack by Ilus sian MIGs which cost the lives of six British airmen the Second Al lied Tactical Air Force a Nato unit ordered its planes not to fly within 10 miles of the Iron Curtain border marking off the Soviet zone of Germany British Belgian and Dutch squadrons make up the Second Tactical Air Force Thursdays attack was the sec ond on Allied planes by Russian aircraft in three days It spread fear through Western Europe that a state of undeclared aerial war fare exists TheWestern World appeared to be in for months of tension and crisis while the Soviet Unions new prime minister Georgi M Malenkov solidifies his position in the Kremlin But the U S and British Air forces challenged the trigger happy Communist fighters by fly ing as usual along the Iron Cur lain border Friday The British directed RAF pilots to be especially alert along the EastWest border where Soviet fighters apparently have been ordered to shoot on sight A strong protest lodged with the Russians Friday took no cogni zance of a Russian announcement Thursday night that the fouren gined British bomber had violated theEast German frontier and had opened fire first on the much fast er and better equipped MIGs In tough words the British high commissioner for Germany Sir Ivone Kirkpatrick demanded pun ishment ofthe Soviet flyers and reparations for British lives and lost property Kirkpatricks note was delivered to Soviet General of the Army Vas sily D Chuikov top Soviet com mander in Germany Earlier So viet authorities delivered to Kirk Patrick a note from Chuikov say ing the Soviet general perspnally had looked into the case and could find no guilt on the part of the Soviet pilots Seven crewmen were aboard the British bomber The crash kilted four outright and of his injuries be fore reaching the hospital The pilot later succumbed The Russians an nounced the sole survivor was under treatment for injuries at an East German hospital As the incident thus turned into a diplomatic bailie of notes the American British and French high commissioners met here formore than anhour to consider what to do about the attacks from Commu nist jets which now have shot down two Allied planes in the last three days For State Employes Okay Paying Pension Plan Out of Reserves DES MOINES UP rThe Iowa House Friday defeated overwhelmingly a plan to finance proposed revisions in the state public employe pension system by a payroll tax and then approved by an even larger vote a plaiv to finance the pensions out of the states million dollar reserve fund The House then followed up with quick passage by heavy majorities of all three bills proposing a dras tic revision in the pension system Repeal Present Plan One would repeal the present pension system forstate county municipal and school district em ployes on grounds that it is fi nancially unsound The second would bring the employes under federal social security1 Thethird bill which would provide the fi nancing for the revised system would also set up an optional supplemental system The proposed payroll plan arose out of a conference Thursday of legislative leaders with Gov Wil liam S Beardsley It was suggest ed as an alternative to taking the needed funds out of the state gen eral fund the reserve fund or in creasing some other taxes The proposal was defeated by a vote of 8021 after 25 members nearly one quarter the mem bership of the House took the floor to favor or oppose the plan 8211 Vote The proposal lo lake Ihe funds from the reserve account was ap proved by an 8211 vote The re serve fund was set up by the 1949 Legislature at Beardsleys request to be used only for emergencies The repeal bill and Ihe measure lo place Ihe employes under fed eral social security passed by votes of 1020 each The financing supplemental plan bill was ap proved by a 9C6 vote The House previously had pul Ihe repeal and social security measures into form for final pas sage by making numerous amend ments lo the original measures The same procedure was followed in the handling of the financing supplemental plan bill Falls Gets New Postmaster WASHINGTON W The Posl office Department announced Fri day Ed Wirds will be renioved as Iowa Falls la postmasterand Lewis Welden will be named acting postmaster The department said the change will be made as quickly as it can be arranged Earlier it had said irregularities were discovered last week in Wirds account Hep Gross RIa had recom UL ykiio VAl Y 15 Ull viK mended Welden for the temporary lines lhat they know which regi appointment Censorship Hurts Morale of Fighters SEOUL Delayed W Ameri cans from private to general say one phase military censorship is hurting Xhe morale of United Na tions soldiers fighting in Korea Except in rare instances censor ship forbids the identification of Allied troops manning the front lines not only by units but even of nationality Thursday a hardfighting outfit gallantly rescued one of its patrols ambushed by Chinese reds Cor respondents were allowed to iden tify the men only as Europeans Unfortunate Often when identification is per mitted it is when a unit has been unfortunate or run into criticism At the height of the recent US furore over Operation Smack the Seventh Division was identified as the outfit where programs were passed out to military leaders wit nessing a combined air and in fantry atlack Less than a week laler men of the Sevenlh Division stood firm in the face of a Chinese Communist attack But censorship would not permit identification of the Seventh then Identification of the Puerto Rican unit was permitted in a story of mass court martials But the Puerto Ricans could not be identified when they fought valiantly before and after the incidents which led to the court martials At one time last year US Marines withdrew from a hill posi tion and retook it in a bitter battle the following day Cleared Censorship A report that the Marines lost the hill cleared censorship But cor respondents could report only that UN soldiers recaptured the po sition Officers men and war corres pondents alike recognize the nec essity of security when new units go into the line No correspondent would gamble the life of a single United Nations soldier for a story or a headline But most military men concede the Communists know what Allied units they facing One division commander says We know that the Communists know that this division is on the ments face them Escaped ROW Once Saved Lives of Ejght Americans CHICAGO escaped Ger man prisoner of war recaptured after nearly seven years of free dom saved the lives of eight wounded Americans a Texas at torney said Friday The exprisoner Reinhold Pabel was discovered here leading the life of a successful book store op era PauKD Lindsey of Dallas Tex told authorities that he and the other Americans were lying in a ditch after being wounded by mor ter fire in Italy when Pabc and twoGerman privates found them They had machine pistols trained on us and those privates really wanted to let us have it Lindseysaid But Pabel ordered the others to hold their fire and then sat down and talked with Lindsey for sev eral hours the former lieutenant said Pabel also showed the Ameri cans a booby trap in the ditch near by and then disabled he said Lindsey said that Pabel became anAmerican prisoner of war as a result of this episode The Ameri cans suggestedthat Pabel become their prisoner Instead of the Ger man taking them Pabel accepted Richard of Miami who successfully defended histitleas the small est man inthe Air Force stands up against a small Texan Airman of FtWorth Mackay is 4 feet is G feet New Top Jet Ace Crowned as Allies Down 6 Planes SEOUL Korea Sabrejets some equipped with a new and deadlyaccurate radar gunsight downed six Com munist MIGsFriday in air battles over North Korea in which an American became the worlds top jet ace The rampaging Sabrejets idle three days because of the weather probably destroyed one other MIG and damaged another They were screening UN fighter bombers making a maximum ef fort atlack on chemy targets Col Royal N Baker McKinney Tex used one of the nesv gun sights to get his 12th MIG and be come jet killer on record It was also the 600th MIG destroyedby Jhe 5th Air Force in the Korean war In destroying 12 MIGs Baker topped the previous record of 11 set by Maj George Davis of Lub bock Tex who is missing in ac tionHoweverDavis still leads in the number of enemy planes of all types destroyed 14 to Bakers 13 The 5th Air Force permitted mention of the new gunsight for the first time It locks on the tar get and fires automatically until the object In sight goes down in flames Baker said its a good sight The Sabres were flying cover for waves of Thuhderjets which flashed northward to bomb a Red troop concentration area south of Kangdong The 5th Air Force said the F84s left the area a shambles Other fighterbombers struck at Communist rail and road lines SAME White mcanx no dealh In pail Zf hours Interests of Economy and Defense Clash Wilson Directs Spending Cut Back M Fresh de mands for strengthening American defenses collided Friday with ef forts of the Eisenhower adminis tration tobalancethe budget by cutting military spending The weeks second Communist attack on Allied planes which sent a British bomber crashing to earth in North Germany Thursday provoked strong congressional talk of retaliation Previously Czecho slovakian airmen shot down an American plane near the Czech German border With the talk came a new surge of from Demo stepup in military production which would put more latestyle jet fighters on the fields of Europe more ammunition into the bunkers of Korea At the same time Secretary ol Defense Wilson ordered the cut ling one out of every34 civilians employed now by the armed forces The services civilian pay roll already frozen at tho Jan 31 level of 1327546 was ordered cut to 1288200 by May 31 The economy move part of Pres ident Eisenhowers budgetbalanc ingdrive will cpmcdn two stages A reduction of 2G400 by April30 with 12940 more by May 31 The Defense Departments civil ian payrolL nowruns bil ion dollars a year The cutback might save about 33 millions by June 30 officials said Wilsons cutback order Thursday night also ordered a reduction in he number of militarypersonnel assigned to administrative and headquarters duties tacking on a reminder that military personnel are not to replace civilian em ployes Sen Bridges who heads he Senate Appropriation Commit tee saidhe thought any moves in Congress to cut military spending will be slowed by the new out break of Communist altacks Bridges said Ihe U S and its allies ought to instruct their flyers 0 shoot any time they are men aced by Communist planes Sen Hill a member of Ihe appropriations subcommittee which handles armed services funds said in a separate inter view There can be some minor econ omies but we would be crazy to weakenourdefenses now NARRIMAN LEAVES HER riman left strides across Romes airport to board a plane for Switzerland leavingexKing Faiouk and their son at home Accompanying Hhe queen is her mother Mrs Sila Sadelc and Farouks secretary Amin Fahim He Just Faded Away Oldest Soldier in US James Hard 111 Dies ROCHESTER N Y oldest soldier 111 yearold James A Hard died quietly in bed Thursday nigh after a month long battle for life The CivilWar soldier had rallied repeatedly during hii final fatal illness but Feb 38 when his right leg was amputated doctors had ex jOVS I OrGlQD Aid to Stay at Same Level had cx peclcd h im to succumb to his creeping respiratory illness Eventually he just faded away a spokesman at General Hospital said Hard became a casualty of old age 15 minutes before midnight He had entered thc hospital Feb 13 and was operated on Feb 18 The next day he was reported near death but he fought on The death of the Union Army veteran who participated in ma jor engagements at Bull Ruii Frcdericksburg Soulh Mountain Chancellorvillc and Ahtietam left Albert Wolson 106 Duluth Minn as Ihe sole survivor of the lime Union Army of 800000 men Four olher Civil War veterans still living in the Confederate Army BULLETIN CpLUMBUS Ohio slcs Prof Byron T was relieved of his duties Ohio State Unlverjitv Friday by dent Howard L Bevisfor refus ing totell a congressional com whether he was ever a Sports Bulletins ST LOUIS Sporting Newt Friday that baseball club owners of both major leagues had summoned to emergency to shift fran chises of Bostori Braves in the National League to Milwau kee and the St Louis Browns of the American League to Balti more member of the Communist party smoke billow from the wi i afier and fuel oil tanks exploded early in the blaze Firemen battled the blaze for two hours before bringing it under control V 4 NEW YORK WThe New York Times said Friday the Eisenhowe administration has told United Na lions delegates it will ask Congress lo continue foreign economic anc military aid at current levels even if West Europe fails lo ratify In European Army Plan In a dispatch from its United Nations correspondent Thomas J Hamilton Ihe Times said admin istration officials have told foreigr representatives the President and his aides plan on asking Congres for about to operat the aid programs during the fisca year beginning July 1 In his budgetmessage last Jan uary former President Truman es timated such expenditures during the current fiscal year would tola this same figure Truman however asked Congress to appropriat for the 1954 fisca year Shortly after taking office Sec relary of State John Foster warned that if there appeared no chance of getting effective Euro pean unity then certainly it would be necessary to give a little re thinking lo Americas own foreign policy in relation to Western Eur ope This was interpreted as a threa that Congress would be reluctant to grant foreign aid appropriations the Army plan collapsed rAII About The Weather Ma ton City Saturday cloudy oc casional showers and turning somewhat cold lowi Cloudy Friday night and Saturday with occasional rain Minnesota Cloudy with snow north rain or snow south GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Friday Maximum 47 Minimum 27 At8 am 28 Precipitation Trace Will Take Action to Guard Self Second Protest on Plane Attack WASHINGTON Jnited States bluntly warned Czechoslovakia Friday it will take vhatever measures necessary sto ceep Czech planes out of Western Germany and prevent any fepeti ion of the wantonattackon two American planes This notice was given in a sec ond protest note demanding an npology and compensation for the ihooting down of an American jefc plane last Tuesday Two Communist MIG15s flying out of Czechoslovakia jumped the Planes to Germany WASHINGTON M The Air Force said early Friday that 25 Sabre lets will leave very soon in a mass flight to Germany An Air Forcespokesman said the planes are replacements for F84 Thunder jet fighter The spokesman F84 Sabre jets are nothing to Germany as result of theiinci dent in Weisbaden Germany in which an American Thunder jet was shot down by two Czech MIGlSs US piano while it was on a rou tine patrol flight The pilot parachuted to safety The note delivered iti Prague by Ambassador George fit chargedthe Czechoslovak gov ernment with falsification ot facts in contending the U S plane had violated Czech territory Radar 4beyorid ques tion the US thatitha American plane was shot dovvn well within the the Amer ican zone of Germany The note said that the American jets were under US xadar sur veillance at all times and de clared The did not cross the Czechoslovak bor der at any time The note continued attempted ofthis pro vocative incident is a falsification of facts designed to cover its rei sponsibility for this inexcusable ac tion The Czech Foreign Office was reminded that after a series of border incidents in 1951 the Czech oslovak air force had been in structed to keep a distance of 20 kilometers about 12 miles from tha US zone the For eign Office admitted several vio lations by Czech aircraft Previous Practice The flagrant incident of March 10 indicates however that the zechoslovak government has re verted to its previous practice misrepresentation the note said and added that it was apparent lhat the1 former buffer zone order is no longer in effect In viewofthis attitude of the zcchosiovakr government the United States authorities in Ger many will take the measures necessary to prevent any further violations of the border of tho United i States zone by Czechoslo vak aircraft and any repetition of the present incident the note said Finally the U S demanded ex pression of regret from the Czech oslovak government and assur ance that no such incidents will occur again disciplinary meas ures against the offendingflyers and immediate ror the destroyedF84UlS jet fighter plane Aircraft Detected In giving1 the detailed American version of the incident the note said two American planes were ent up to investigateafter uniden ified aircraft were detected on the radar scope j The destruction of i the U S plane and of a British aircraft have ead to the conclusi9n here that 3eorgi Malehkovs firstfew months of rule in the e filled crisisand tensionas he strives to consolidatehis power over the Communist empire fa CHARGE VIOLATION LONDON cha riday that Hungarian planes rvki ated Yugoslav territory fiW Umet   

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