Saturday, March 7, 1953

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Text Content of Page 1 of Mason City Globe Gazette on Saturday, March 7, 1953

Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 7, 1953, Mason City, Iowa Horth logos Daily Newspaper Edited for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NO RTH IOWANS NEIGH00RS HOME EDITION VOL LX Associated Pitss and United Fail Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 7 1953 Tills 1npcr Consists Two One Russians Turn Unified Front to West Taft Wants Investigation of Korea War Prisoners Ammo Principal Issues WASHINGTON Re publican Leader Robert A Taft called Saturday for a Senate inves tigation of the conduct of the Ko rean war including the handling of the prisoner of war problem and the truce talks as well as ammunition shortages Taft told reporters he had dis cussed his proposal with some of President Elsenhowers associates and might discuss the idea with the President himself Confers He voiced his proposal for a pretty full investigation of the conduct of the Korean war after Mr Eisenhower and Gen James A Van Fleet conferred at the White House for 70 minutes Van Fleet former Eighth Army commander in Korea said they talked about friendly old times They also pre sumably discussed Van Fleets com plaints about ammunition shortages in Korea Van Fleet told congressmen this weekthat there were serious am munition shortages all the time he served in Korea Defense Secretary Charles E Wilson assured the Sen ate Armed Services which is investigating the that there is enough ammunition in the Far East to repel any attack the Communists might mount Wil son is scheduled to testify before the committee Tuesday with Army Secretary Robert T Stevens and Gen J Lawton Collins Army chief of staff i 1951 Hearings Taits proposal suggested the pos sibility of a congressional investiga tion comparable to the 1951 hear ings on the ouster of Gen Douglas Mac Arthur1 as Far Eastern com mander and the inquiry into the attack on Pearl Harbor Taft saida fullscale inquiry into the Korean War could be handled by the Senate Armed Services Com mittee or by a special committee created just for that purpose There has been no general con gressional investigation of the con duct of the Korean War since the 1951 hearings v Justwhat Van Fleet said to Mr Eisenhower about ammunition the Korean war or any other specific subject was a secret between them BULLETIN WASHINGTON OP British Fortign Secretary Eden it was announced Saturday has as sured the United States that Eng land intends to ban the delivery of strategic materials to Red China in British ships r All About The Weather Mason City Mostly cloudy con tinued cold Saturday night with occasional light snow flurries Iowa Mostly cloudy light snow southern portion ending late Saturday Minnesota Cloudy and not so cold Saturday night with light snow GlobeGazette weather data up to S am Saturday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 15 6 8 3Vi in snow 29 18 AP Wlrephoto is the maus oleum foreground on Moscows Red Square in the shadow of the Kremlin where the body of Josef Stalin will be placed on view next to that of Lenin TaftHartley Dispute Given to Eisenhower WASHINGTON UP al most impossible task of getting la 3ormanagement agreement on the TaftHartley Act tossed back in President Eisenhowers lap Sat urday as initial Labor Department efforts failed Secretary of Labor Martin P Durkinsaid he would make a full to the President on the Dreakup of the toplevel comtnit ee named to advise the adminis tration on changes to recommend n the law Durkiu said the committee was only in recess However neither abor nor industry members ap peared ready to change their minds on the question in er the committee should record for mal votes in suggesting changes in the law He said he wanted Mr Eisenhow er to be sure of what occurred Te wasnt sure however whether he would get any advice on the next move The Advisory Committee found ered Friday when labor and indus ry members clashed over whether ormal votes should be taken and recorded on suggested TaftHarlley changes Thelabor1 and public representa tives said yes The industrialists said no and neither side would budge an inch Durkin said he believed the in dustry members should change heir views in line with the ma ority opinion But he did not really ixpect they would 6 North lowans Back in States SAN FRANCISCO Navy ransport Marine Serpent was due icre Saturday with 3065 Army ro ation personnel from the Far ast Among the returnees were these North lowans STACYVIIiLE Cpl Walter J Adams CITY Cpl John C Iraw Rt 2 Cpl Marion R Hoff 622 S Delaware CLEAR LAKESgt Ronald II Dethlefs KANAWHA Cpl James O Yeakel Harlan L Halweg UN Pondering Switch in Vishinskys Duties UNITED NATIONS N Y UP delegates differed Saturday whether the shift of Andrei Y Vishinsky from Soviet minister to chief Russian UN delegate was a demo tion or presaged a new and tougher Soviet line in the world organization The change See Britain U S Agreeing on Far East announced by the Kremlin Friday as Vishinsky sailed for home Associates said the tough talking Moscow lawyer received no advance word of the shift that put DeputyPremier V Molotov in the top foreign ministry spot Declines Comment Vishinsky declined comment on the Russian government changes including the selection of Georgi M Malenkov to succeed Premier Stalin when reporters reached Kim aboard the French Liner berte a few minutes before the ship left her NewYork pier Later the Associated Press placed a shiptoshore call to Vi shinsky but was informed that the former foreign minister is not taking any calls and his secretary does mot wish to be disturbed Some European delegates famili ar with theRussians said Molotov finally has his revenge on the old time prosecutor They said Vishin sky was being stationed here to re move him from the Moscow scene Molotov once tagged by Lenin as a toprate filing arily spoke disparagingly of Vi shinsky as just a lawyer These delegates said Vishinsky known as a protege of L P Beria head of the Soviet political police helped engineer the ousting of Mo lotov as foreign minister on March 5 1949 and that Molotov never forgot or forgave Vishinsky Purge Master Vishinskywas Stalins prosecut ing purge master in the great liquidationtrials of 193637 and has often spoken against delegates here as though they defendants in a Moscow courtroom The turn of events completely surprised delegates Another sur prising turn was the sudden de parture of Andrei A Gromyko Soviet ambassador io London from Britain for the United States to takeover the delegation until Vi shinsky can return from Moscow It was reported here that Gro myko had had a visa to come to the United States for about two weeks This raised conjecture in some minds that the Russians had planned to send Gromyko earlier or had planned to keep him in re the Exchequer R their advisers and WASHINGTON United States and Britain hoped Saturday to narrow the gap between the twonations on their Far Eastern policy The problem was expected to be hashed out at a meeting of British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden Chancellor of A Butler and a U S delegation headed by Sec retary of State John Foster Dulies and Treasury Secretary George M Humphrey Saturdays session was expected to be the last of the fourday con ference A windup communique informed sources said s h o u Td show considerable agreement on tough Asian policy issues Although the been billed as conferences have chiefly economic a number of political problems have been discussed serve for such a shakcup Russia was scheduled to speak Saturday in the General Assemb ys Political Committee debate on Korea However observers thought it likely the Russians would request a delay to permit Gromyko to pre pare his notes after his arrival Senator Hits Voice Tactic WASHINGTON UP Sen Joseph R McCarthy says the Voice of America is not going to get anywhere in its antiRussian propaganda if it is based on namecalling The Wisconsin Republican whose permanent investigating subcommittee has been investigat ing the Slate Departments Voice of America told newsmen he thinks some of the broadcaststo Iron Curtain countries in the past have been devoted too much to mere denunciations That can be the worst sort of propaganda if you are trying to turn a people against their lead ers McCarthy said before leav ing the capital for the weekend He was believed to have gone to New York with two staff inves tigators to look into new angles of the Voice inquiry Hearings will be resumed here Monday Success Story of Railroad President Ends With Death PASADENA Calif tf Death has ended the success story of William MartinJcffers 77 former president of the Union Pacific Rail road He died Friday in a hotel of what an associate described as complications of advanced age He had been ill for two years The son ofa railroader Jeffers began hiss career as a call boy for the Union Pacific at 14 He became president of the road in 1937 when at had 65000 taking feejob Jeffers said his ambition had been realized andthat it was a greater thrill to become presi dent the Union Pacific than to have become president of the United States His administration was marked by many progressive advantfe ments including fast lowfare trains lowpriced dining car meals and service by nursestewardesses Jeffers took greatpride in main taining close contact with the men in the ranks and friendssaid he never was too busy to stop and talk over railroad problems with the workers He continued to carry his card i in the telegraphers union after becoming an executive GROMYKO ARRIVESAndrei A Gromyko bassador to Great Britain leaves plane ramp at Idlewild Airport in New York Saturday on his arrival to replace Andrei Vishinsky temporarily as leader of the Russian delegationto the United Nations OVERFLOW CROWD AT FIELDHOUSESpectators stand nine rowsSp Stthe west end of Roosevelt f leldhouae Friday night to catch a glimpse of district basketball action in the class A and B finals An estimated 2700 persons were jammed into the fieldhouse with another 500 to 1000 turned away because of no standing room Fertile and Tor eat City advanced to substate play with victories Stories on the sports page Reds Plan Greatest Funeral New Chief Does Not Wont War Striving to Prevent Panic FROM THE WIRE SERVICES new streamlined Soviet government of Premier Jeorgi M Malenkov turned fied front to the West Saturday Observers believed however that op level clashe eventually would iring changes The Communist party newspaper Pravda in the first ob viously on tht new government plugged the unityi atallcosts theme Prevent Panic It repeated the admission thatthe new government considers brie of IS main talksthe prevention of dissension and panic A communique announcing Mali mkovs appointment Friday night used a similar phrase The Pravda editorial said that 1 There will beno changes ia Stalins foreign policyof interaa Jonal cooperation and ment of business relations with all Countries k 2 Russia wilt strengthen her army andnavy by all which includes atomic weapons r V 3 Malenkovs government will follow faithfully the great and clear program of Stalin in building Communism Pravda said that the streamlining theruling body of the powerful Communist from 36 to 10 members was prevention of any interruption in Will Be Held Monday Noon MOSCOW tfirThe Soviet Union Saturday readied the greatest funeral in its 37year history for Joseph V Stalin The new govern ment and the Communist party an nounced that his body after rites Monday would lie alongside Len ins in Red Square until a great new temple shrine of world built to re ceive them and other Red mortals Held Monday An official announcement the party Central Committee and the government Council of Ministers now headed by Georgi M Malen kov as Stalins successor said the tuneral would be held at noon Monday 3am bul gave no details of the form the rites would take Nor did it say whether any part would be taken by religious lead ers who have led public prayers for Stalin since his last ill ness was announced Wednesday Moscow observedthe second of four days deep official mourning for the fallen leader who died Thursday night of heart failure and other complications following a massive brain hemorrhageSun day r Sorrowing Muscovites and other Russians waited through bit ler cold in a 16abreast 10mile long line to pass Stalins flower banked open coffin It rested on a high platform in the House of Trade Unions great empirestyled Hall oC Columns on Red Square a few hundred yards from Leninsruddycolored stone mausoleum Hurry to Capital From over the world top foreign Communistsi hurried to theSoviet capital for the last rites of the man who for 23 years ever since the death of Lenin received first al legiance of the Soviet Unions200 million people and of the millions of Communists abroad The announcement of the funeral time said ceremonies would end with the placing of the sar cophagus containing Stalins em balmed body intheLenin mauso leum Presumably then Stalins body will remain exposed under glass for public veneration i as Lenins is CRYSTAL BALL TURIN Italy IMMario Scgato Italian astrologer predicted in De cember that Stalin would be struck down in February and have to give up leadership Double Birth Not Twins NEW YORK MVMotherhood came twice Feb 19 toMrs Eugene Kupferslcin 25 of her sons are not twins medically speaking A rarity the births resulted from parallel conceptions in dual separate wombs according to t h e attending physician Dr Isaac Diamond Twins normally grow in one womb Both boys now weigh more than five pounds and are doing fine Dr Diamondsaid Friday in announcing the unusual case The physician said Mrs Kupferstcin first came to him two years ago because she was unable to have a child Examination disclosed she had a double set of female vaginas and twin wombs Dr Diamond said that an operation corrected the vaginal area In such cases he said conception usually occurs only in one womb Mrs Kupfcrstcin however conceived in both at about the same lime Small U S Drive by 200 Communists SEOUL Korea IB An outnumbered American patrol withstood a withering Communist artillery barrage and lought off a 200man Chinese attack force on the western front Saturday The TJS soldiers backed up by Allied artil lery rushed in at the last ute smashed the Red attack before K had a chance to get started Red big guns hurled more than 2000 rounds at UN positions on Old Baldy and Porkchop HiJJs guard ing the traditional western invasion route to Seoulfor hours in a softening up operation But the UN palrol prowling No MansLand then held off a Red asault force for 30 minutes until Allied artillery could be brought in to smash the attack The badly liacl barely Ircnches when itmet the Chinese face to face outnumbered patrol climbed from its Senators Wont Get FBI Check WASHINGTON Wayne Morse criticized his fellow senators Saturday for eliminating themselves from an FBI loyalty check they ordered for 1800 Sen ateemployes The senators shouted approval of a measure sponsored by Sen Pai McCarran requiring the FBI to check on the loyalty and reliability for security purposes 01 all Senate But they were emphatic in re jecting aninvestigation of them selves Few Lawmakers Have Hopes for Any Red Improvement WASHINGTON W Lawmakers concluded gloomily Saturday there is little hope for peace in Russias postStaiin leadership but Sen Carlson RKan saw hope that some Soviet satellites might split away Specifically Carlson said he thinksthe US shouldexplore the possibility of a break between Red China and Russia now that Stalins influence has ended Mao TseTung may have some ideas of his own about how China should be run and it is possible that he might become the Tito of Asia if he had some unofficial en said Carlson not a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Commit tee but a close friend of President Eisenhower said he was voicing only hist 1 Few legislators saw much hope in the shift jn Russian leaders which put Georgi Malenkov in Stal ins place as premier Sen Kefauver DTenn said there might be even more danger in Malenkovs holding the chair manship of1 the Soviet Council of Ministers because he doesnt know as much about the power ol the Western world as Stalin did and therefore might be im o r tempted toward war The streamlining also carried over into government whera several ministries swere merged1 The big fdurvtith Malenlcdvtoplhaa in the quartet Bi9 Two But it appeared certain that soon it will be a big and Lavrenti Beria his closefriend and head of the secret The pair gained enormous powers in the change They are the leaders of a group which is against hing that would provoke the West nto Malenkov as premier can enforce this with the help of Beria Sources in London said there can be no doubt the Soviets senior statesman Vyacheslav Mplotov suffered the mostcrushing defeat of his career He had been credited y some observers with afgood chance of becoming premier but instead becomes foreign minister under Malenkov U S experts are wondering whether Malenkovs swift wwer will be followed eventually by purges of government officials and political figures Purge Might There had been advance specii atiou that such a purge might come soon after Stalins 3ut the speed and apparent order liness with which MalenkoV emerged as the potential new strong manraised at theleast some doubts whether the group which puthim in power was in fact divided in any important way Earlier estimates ofwhatwould lappen in Russia after Stalin died lad given rise in some to i propaganda line developed by he Voice of America sinceStalin ecame ill and to much specula tion about bloodletting purges In his swift rise to power kov has shown himself to be a mid of action j i f For years the chubby rowed molded into a model Communist plottedto succeed his boss There is little doubt that Maleri cov figured some time agOvthat Stalins final days were neariog and schemed accordingly liJtr Actt4 Swiftly When the endcamehe apparent y acted swiftly V Malenkovisa product of Soviet dictatorship Stalin shaped Only 51 he has known nothing but communism since Ji he haii spent as by iCommunistteachers and munistwriters havegiven Halon kov his conceptionof the Western y