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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 4, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for the Home DIM CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TrTt NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Press ana United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 4 1953 Paper tonsisls at Two One m Stalin Suffers Stroke Condition Grave Administration in Resolution Fight Middle See Bitter Battle Over Amendment WASHINGTON UP The ad ministration found itself in the middle of a bruising Senate fight over President Eisenhowers ariti enslavenient resolution Wednes day It looked like just an argument over words But below the surface was the controversy over the Yalta agreement which has raged for years between the major political parties GOP Amendment Senate Republican Leader Rob ert A Taft told newsmen dont see why Democrats should oppose the GOP amendment add ed to the Presidents draft resolu tion Tuesday Senate Democratic leader Lyn don B Johnson snapped that it was because the amend ment was partisan and would jeopardize the Presidents pres tige before the country and the world by costing him bipartisan Senate support Mr Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles have askecl Congress to condemn Rus sian perversion of the Yalta and Potsdam pacts which led to the enslavement of millions behind the Iron Curtain Fair Chance They had a fair chance of get ting this plus an amendment and an unwanted Senate debate Dulles said only last week that such a fight and consequent split vote would be an absolute detriment to the resolutions main purpose Republicans Tuesday drove through the Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee an amendment to the presidential draft declaring that nothing therein was to be re garded as either validating or invalidating Yalta and Potsdam accords It was thefirst vote on political lines on afnajorpqlicy matterjin that since proWorld War II days Wants More Crops Under Supports WASHINGTON UP Sen Hum phrey one of the chief critics of Secretary Agriculture Bensons farm views proposed Wednesday that highlevel price supports be required for additional crops f He said in a statement that a bill he was introducing would add flaxseed soybeans oats rye bar ley grain sorghums dairy prod ucts cattle hogs poultry and eggs to the list of commodities thai must be supported at no less than 90 per cent of parity Under present law effective through next year 90 per cent sup ports are mandatory for wheat cotton corn tobacco rice and pea nuts Benson has spoken against rigid highlevel price supports as a per roanent farm policy FIGHTS FOR LIFEJames A Hard the nations oldest surviv ing Civil War veteran held his own in his fight for life Wednes day following amputation of his leg He had been suffering from a circulatory ailment The hos pital in Rochester NY where Hard is confined reported his condition as fair Actor Dick Powell Is Seriously III SANTA MONiqA Calif Movie Actor Dick Powell is re cuperating in St Johns Hospital after two operations but his con dition is still serious Powell portrayer of detective roles and at one time a lop singer In films was operated upon for a ruptured appendix a studio repre sentative said Complications ne cessitated further surgery r All About The Weather Mason City Mostly cloudy with snow flurries and not so cold Iowa Partly cloudy to cloud y through Thursday with scattered brief snowflurries Minrmota Continued rather cold through Thursday GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Wednesday Maximum 25 Minimum 5 At 8 a m 14 Precipitation Trace TEAR Maximum 29 Minimum 0 Reed Wants Tax Action by April 1 WASHINGTON Dan el AReed RNY warned Wed nesday that Congress must act on his income tax reduction bill by April l for it to become fully cffec we by July l the deadline set in he bill It will require at least 60 days o get 6000000 new withholding tax orms printed and distributed to employers Reed told a reporter Congressmust act before the end of this month or there will be a delay in reducing the withholding rates 10 Per Cent Reed wants to cut individual in come taxes about 10 percent ef ective July l or about five per cent for the full calendar year 1953 The Ways and Means Committee which Reed is chairman has approved the legislation But it has been pigeonholed in he House Rules Committee by GOP leaders Taking their cue rom President Eisenhower the Republican leaders insist that a balanced budget be in sight before living the Reed bill a green light Mail Deluge Reed said he is swamped with mail from all over the country urging him to doeverything pos sible to get prompt approval of his proposal T must be getting 100 letters a day on the subject he said I would guess that the ratio is about 50 to one in favor of my bill The opposition is very negligible Reed said there is much in dignation among theletter writ ers over the delay in action on the bill OLEO LAW PIERRE S D IMA bill in the SouthDakota Legislature permit ting colored oleomargarine to be sold in the state was allowed to become Tuesday without Gov Sigurd Andersons signature Cooperation Pledge to McCarthy on Papers WASHINGTON McCarthy BWis said Wed nesdayihe has a pledge of cooperation from the State De partment which may make it unnecessary to try to subpoena loyalty files of two department employes Eariler McCarthy had demanded the official reports plus the supporting clocu merits in the cases of Theo dore Kaghan and EdmundSchech ter who worked forthe depart mentjs Voice of America propa ganda broadcasts Utmost Confidence McCarthy told his Senate Inves tigations Subcommittee the wore on cooperation came from W R Scott McLeod the State Depart ments new security chief in whom I have the utmost confi dence He announced the subcommitte will await McLeods promisee study of files not immediatelj available to him before deciding 91 any next step in the movewhicl developed from his investigation o he Voice activities Kaghan and Schechter are employed by the High Com tnissioner of Germany At the outset of Wednesdays hearings McCarthy announced the department has agreed to give the subcommittee a memorandum on he security files of the two men Subpoenaing Files had talked of sub poeuaing the file papers Similar requests for congression access to information in the iles often in the past have beer rejected but this is the first time hc issue has arisen squarely in he Eisenhower administration Former President Trumans or der denying Congress access to oyalty files has not been revoked by Eisenhower McCarthydemand forthe file topped a day of televisedtesti mpny which swirledTuesday abou he graying head Reed Harris No 2 man in the International In formation Administration HA which runs the Voice Wrote Book Protesting that the inquiries were unfair the 43yearold7 Harris conceded that a book he wrote in the early 1930s defended believer n Marxism Harris insisted he regrets hav ng written the book King Foot ball and said he now disagrees m a n y lof the views itex pressed The subcommittee or dered him to reread the book note vhat parts he now disagrees with and submit a report next Monday It was Harris who touched ofJ he move to seize the loyalty files Roads Slippery Alter Snowfall DBS MOINES re mained slippery in Southern and Eastern Iowa Wednesday in the vake of a storm that dumped 2 to 9 inches of snow on that part of he state Skies generally were cloudy over owa Wednesday morning and the Weather Bureau said light snow ell at Spencer Sioux City Fort Dodge and Marshalltown begin ning about daylight The heaviest ell Tuesday afternoon and night at Albia and Sigourney Chariton and Lineville had 3 inches MRS LUCE BECOMES AMBASSADORsae Luce is sworn in as ambassador to Italy by Chief Justice Fred M Vingon in the office of the Secretary of State John Foster Dulles Manly Resident Hurt in Crash A 30yearold Manly man Orwin E Roberts received a brain con cussion and a sprained neck Tues day night when hiscar was in volved in a collision with two other aulos near 19th SE and Federal Mason City police said Roberts his wife and 18montbso 1 d son were enroule home after witness ing district tournament basketball games at Roosevelt Fieldhouse when the accident happened The Roberts car reportedly was struck from behind by a car driven by Robert Whitcis Forest City The impact then pushed thc Roberts auto into the rear of a car ahead of it The third machine was op erated by Jennings B Lane 1136 1st St SW Roberts was the only one in jured Hospital authorities said Wednesday that his condition was satisfactory Speculate He May Already Be Dead FROM THE WIRE SERVICES announced Wednesday that Joseph Stalin is gravely ill after suffering a brain stroke Leaders of the Communist satellites in Europe were reported called o Moscow adding speculation that the Russian Prime t Malenkov May Take Power From Stalin JOSEPH STALIN Victory Only Korea Van Fleet Testifies to House Group WASHINGTON Gen Jame A Van Fleet declared Wednesday he United Nations forces can win a military victory in Korea with out enlarging that war into a great er conflict And he said he knows of no other way to break the deadlock over the prisonersofwar the great snag of armistice talks With the fourstar general in the witness chair of the House Armed Services Committee Rep Patter son RConn asked Is there any solution to the problem of inter change of prisoners Victory Van Fleet replied in one word Patterson Other than that heres nothing else Van Fleet Thats all Later Van Fleet endorsed by in ference one of the pronouncements by Gen Douglas Mac Arthur who yas fired by former President Tru man as commander Hep C u n ning ham Rlowa asked There is no substitute for ictory in Korea MacArthurs vords Van Fleet Not in my opinion Van Fleet who is home forrc irement testified for an hour and i half at a public session of the House committee Then the com mittee went into a closed session vith him to hear more details vhich could not be1 brought out in public for security reasons Closed Meeting The general in declaring a mili ary victory could be won without enlarging the war said that was his personal opinion but that he vould have to withhold his reasons or that view until the closed meet ng During a general discussion of he situation in Korea Van Fleet said there is no serious supply shortage but that replacement pf men is not satisfactory either in numbers or quality of troops Van Fleet called the present war situation of stabilized lines a sit town of bur own choice He said t is not a checkmate not even a stalemate BULLETIN WASHINOtON Uf Scrtry of State Wednesday rt tirtd Diplomat John Carttr Vin cent ttorm center ef loyalty investigations effective March Dulles in effect cleared Vincent of any reasonable doubt asto his loyalty Combats New Zealand Beef FERTILE locker plant here is meeting the competition of cheap New Zealand beef by offering U S beeffor sale thisweek at the same price as the imported meat Why buy New Zealand beef when you can get TJ S beef quarters for 29 cents a pound the Fertile Locker Service asked in its ad The firm limit two quarters per customer and said it would sellnone to stores or wholesalers The sale will start at 3 am Thursday and end Saturday Residents of the Oeiwein area bought 30000 pounds New Zea land beef last week from the Keniston Bros Packing Plant there at 29 cents a pound for quarters or halves A shipment of New Zealand beef was due in Ft Dodge Monday but that shipment was delayed Des Mqines Authorities Crack Youthful Hoodlums DES MOINES Moines and Polk County authori ties have begun a crackdown on a juvenile hoodlum gang with the arrest and sentencing of a 17yearold girl to six months at Rockwell City Womans Reformatory on a va grancy charge Police and County Attorney Iyde Herring Tuesday disclosed he gang activities1 which he said lave included thefts drinking par ties and beatings The arrest Feb 19 of Mrs Joyce Leighton in an allnightrestaurant in downtown DCS Moines was the first step in the crackdown Her ring said Herring and Police Capt Louis Volz head of the vice squad de scribed Mrs Leighton as one of four youngsters who headed the gang whichnumbers 85 members South Koreans Regain Hill Post SEOUL South Ko rean infantrymen regained the top of a bloody outpost hill position on the Central Korean front Wednes day in a thunderous climax to 23 hours of savage closequarter fident fighting with an estimated 500 Chi nese Reds TJ if r i F i i puled back from U00ps his at midday and1 let Allied war bris Minister may already be dead First word of the illness of he 73yearold dictator Cameroon ifter sunup in a Moscow broad ast saying he had suffered the lroke Sunday night r more thaa 8 hours earlier Stalin was des ribed as in a coma with his body partly paralyzed and his condition LONDON grave illness of Joseph Stalin brought the world r e ace to face Wednesday with the Stalin already was dead and that twin questions of who will succeed him and whether the chances for peace will become better or worse The Moscow announcement ales of Walter Ulbricht Comrhu eaves little doubt hat Stalin must nist boss of East Germany re be counted outof action Since the ported ho had flown to disclosure was withheld for two Tuesday1 Moscows or days the delay naturally raises ders German sources said they he possibility that the Russian understood top men inall the satel ites had been called to Moscow n An official announcementsaid people are being prepared for news of the death of their 73yearold dictator Power Struggle Only 32 days British source high in the government that ic cannot be the Mggcst possibility of World War III stemmed from the possibility of a struggle for power inside the Kremlin in the event of Stalins Similar views have come from other western leaders Georgi M Malenkov 50 a depu ty premier and a leader in inter national Communism has received great attention as the probable successor to especially since the party congress of last year at which Malenkov forcefully laid down the law to the party Others mentioned for the job from time to time have been V M former premier and former foreign minister and L P Beria long the chief of state security atomic development and the secret police f It is striking that the news Stalins illness and treatmen comes barely two months after the Soviet Unions announcement of a purge of physicians In January Moscow disclosed the arrest of nine physicians some of them Jews described as havingtics with western espionage and Zionism The announcement said they had faultily treated A A Zhdanov one of the earlier heirs apparent to Stalins mantle and caused death in 1948 at the age of 52 That announcement turned the heat alike uponthe Soviet ministry of icalth and upon security icaded by Beria and served no ice that those in power were in a position to clean out all adver saries The belief at that time was that Malenkov was riding high Plot The doctors plot was one of the things that prompted the comment by the high British source mentioned above He said he was much more anxious about the Mos cow situation than he was a year ago observing that as long as we knew Stalin slili was in full command we could be fairly con lie based this on the belief Stalin was more or less content within kce Russian outpost control pretty much as it is But the u struggle iim KVCIII ut an uitoui scruEEie planes turn thehinto a smokfor the dictatorship this informant ing mass of bomb craters and desaid there is no telling what their rashness might plunge us into Go Out in Black Boxes Threats Over Union Movie SILVER CITY NM tf Peace officers tensed as anew threat of violence arose Wednesday over the controversial movie Salt of the Earth being filmed in this South west New Mexico mining area State police were alerted after Sheriff Owen Matthews reported 50 townsmen at nearby Central had decided lo warn makers of the ilm to get 6ut by noon or go out n black boxes The sheriff notified Stale Police Chief Joe Roach in Sanlc Fe that a 10man committee had been ap Minted at the meeting to deliver the ultimatum to the movie mak ers who have been accused in Congress of making the film under Communist auspices Matthews asked that state police reinforcements be sent to back up local officers Despite pic threat Clinton Jencks international representative of the International Union of Mine Mill and Smelter Wprkers which is producing the movie declared We are not going to back down because of any informal threats Jencks eye was blackened Tues day He filed a complaint of as sault and battery against Earl Lett stocky 42yearold druggist at neighboring Bayard Lett owned up cheerfully to the attack He said I grabbed htm by the coat so he couldnt get away and let him have it Jencks was attacked as Bayard residents barred camera crews from using tho town for a scenic background Later Tuesday Jencks said I dont think therell be any general violence Actually we have 99 per cent of the community be hind us Its only the unstable anti democratic antiunion hoodlums who are causing the trouble We could have protected our selves We outnumbered them 20 to 1 and could have shoved their faces in the mud But thatsnot thc American way of doingbusi The MineMill Union was tossed out of the CIO some time ago be cause its leaders refused to swear they werent Communists Jencks refused last fall to tell a congres sional committee the same thing as have the movie people connect ed with the show Easy Stages There was immediate specula lion among diplomats here that he Communist party was leading ip lo the disclosure of that in easy ilages Then East Berlin associ 4 nC TTItlA he Premier was stricken sudden 4 1 Reaction to Illness BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Reaction around the world fo the announcement of Joseph Stalins serious illness Eii enhower expressed his sympathy to Russian Wednesday in commenting on the serious ill noss of Premier Stalin UNITED NATIONS Foreign Minister Vishinsky shuns UN session but Poland reiteratesthe Moscow lino on Korea VATICAN CITY Pius prays for Stalins conversion NEW of Sovit satellite countries land of the old Russian exarisT r g i m were hipher Wednesday against background of Staling illness await fur ther medical bulletins on ministers condition ly in his apartment in the Kremlin the night of March 2 A government announcement dis closing the Premiers grave illness expressed confidence that our party and the whole Soviet people will in these difficult days display he greatest unity cohesion slaunchnessof spirit and vigilance Comrade J V Stalin had a sudden rhemorrhage of the brain which affected vitally important parts of the brain as a result which paralysis of the right leg and rightarm occurred together with the loss of consciousness and speech the eight attendingphy sicians announced They added that treatment had brought no material change inthe condition of their patient and degree of the disturbed functions of the brain has somewhat in creased The Central Committee of tho tommunist party and the Soviet Jnions Council of leaded by his absence rom duty would be more or less prolonged But they called1 his withdrawal temporary andurged ho 200 million people of the Soviet Jnion to display the greatest uni y and redouble their energies n building communism Stalin has led the government since 1924 when V I Lenin died le led the Soviet people to victory n World War II and his illness comes only a few weeks after the Oth anniversary of the Battle of Stalingrad timing point of that war for the Soviet forces Similar to Roosevelt The paralytic stroke Stalin suf ered evidently is similar to that which killed Franklin D his wartime ally President Roose velt who met with Stalin at Tehran and Yalta in wartime conferences died at 63 in 1945 The announcement of Stalins ill ness was the Moscow radio as many Muscovites were go ng tqwork Crowds gathered in front of newspapers placarded on bill boards There was look of con ern on many faces The official announcement dis losed that the SovietVUnion has a new health F Trety akpv It was eing conductedj of Tretyakov cfctief of he Medical of the Cremlin The previousvminister of health was Y J i J 4 i i t
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