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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, February 12, 1953 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 12, 1953, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Daily Newspaper EDITION CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IO WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy Ike Wont Spare ABomb Spies MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 12 1953 This Paper Consists of Two One No 107 Attorney to Garry Case to High Court Will Set Date for Execution WASHINGTON Wl Presiden Eisenhower has refused to spar the lives ot the Rosenbergs whose controversial death sentences foi atomic spying he termed just pun ishment for a crime which coulc very well result in the death o many many thousands of innoccn citizens A New York attorney for the bus band and wife Emanuel Bloch said he would carry a new appca to the Supreme Court which on two previous occasions has refuscc to review the case Receive Word The Rosenbergs Julius 31 and Ethel received the word tha the President had turned down their appeal in the death cell block at New Yorks Sing Sing Prison They had no comment They have insisted they are innocent Their electrocution originally set for Jan 24had been stayed pend ing presidential appeal The stay expires four days hence A new dale for the execution must be set The Rosenbergs would be the first American civilians lo with their lives for the crime ol espionage against the U S That fact has figured largely in the worldwide propaganda cam paign sparked by Communists to save them Pickets paraded in front of the White House Others marched in New Yorks Times Square In Paris 400 Communists called at the U S lo protest Ttfc Daily Worker Com munist parly paper inNew Ydrk ran a Save the Rosenbergs cam paign Some rion Communists too thought the death sentence was too severe Among these Scientists Albert Einstein and Dr Harold C Urey both of whom contributed lo early work on the atomic bomb Alty Gen Brownell carried the Rosenberg case papers lo the White House about pm Wednesday Little more than half an hour later the Presidenls de announced in a stale cjsion was ment 1 have given earnest considera tion to the records in the case of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg the President said The nalure of theCrimo for they have been found guilty and sentenced farexceeds that of the taking of lhc HCc of another citizen it involves Ihe dcliberale betrayal ofthe entire nation and could very well result in the death of many many thousands of inno cent citizens Betrayed Freedom By their act these two individ uals have in fact betrayed the cause of freedom for which free men are fighting and dying at this very hour The stalement went on The Rosenbergs were given a jury trial and duly convicted the conviction was upheld in four appeals the two have been accorded their full measure of justice there is no new evidence and there are no miti galing circumstances The Rosenbergs were sentenced April 5 1951 Morton Sobell 35 who was tried with them was sen tenced to 30 years in prison David Greenglass Mrs Rosenbergs brother also got 30 years after fur nishing key testimony Greenglass an electrical engi neer testified the Rosenbergs per suaded him lo lurn over wartime atomic bomb secrets for relayto a Russian official in New York He learned the secrets while stationed al the Los Alamos NM Abomb center in 1944 rAll About The Weather Mason Cify Clearing Thursday night Friday partly Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday Colder southeast Thursday nighl Minnesota Partly cloudy through Friday GlobeGazette weather data up to a m Maximum 29 Minimum 17 At 8 a m 23 Precipitation 03 JULIUS ROSENBERG ETHEL ROSENBERG Cut Taxes May Boomerang WASHINGTON le Congressional qiyrrters said Cliursclay Rep Danuel A Reeds ax cut bill mayprove lo be a boomerang Instead personal in come 1 as Reed wants o do they said the legislation could a vehicle for ex endfng the excess profits tax on business which Reed wants to let expire on schedule June 30 The possibility is sufficiently strong it was learned to figure prominently in current secret Iralegy talks being conducted by both Republicans and Democrats n how lo cope with Reeds whirl vind campaign for early lax rc ief Here is the situation Reed a veteran New York Re publican is chairman of Ihc House Vays and Means Committee He s pushing a bill to cut personal ncome taxes about 11 per cent effective July 1 His committee is almost certain to approve the bill Monday Speaker Joseph W Martin Jr s confident he can stall House loor action on Ihe measure until ibout May 1 to give the Republi cancontrolled Congress time to make at least a toward alancing the budget But there re several legislative devices vhich Heed can use to gethis bili o the floor eventually and once t gets there it is virtually sure o pass Nationalists Not Ready for Any Invasion By FRANK H BARTHOLOMEW SAN FRANCISCO alissimo Chiang KaiShek said a wireless interview Thursday tha his forces can invade Red Chin whenever they choose withou sanction of Ihe Uniled Nations am with no fear of Russian interven lion But he docs not believe he is adc quately prepared for such an in vasion now Nine Questions The Nationalist leader answered nine questions which I put to him after President Eisenhowers an noimcement lifting the neutral ity ban on Formosa Chiang said that fullscale invas ion of China cannot wait until we are fully prepared We must admit however he our armed forces are not as yet adequately equippcc for a fullscale invasion It will lake some lime lo have our armed forces adequatelj equipped Chiang said that when the time comes the Chinese Reds will prove themselves incapable of fighting twofront war I had interviewed Chiangtwice before I saw him the first lime just atthe fall of Shanghai in 1949 and again at Taipehin October 1951 Chiang said Thursday that any invasion of Red China now will re quire United States logistic sup port The most essential suppoCtlhai need consistsof air and nava weapons and ammunition He said I feel certain that bin armed forces will receivelhe full support of the civil iwpulalibh on he mainland I have reason lo believe that as the invasion plans unfold many soldiers now under Communist command will rally to our cause must be pointed out however hat suchresults will accrue only after our allout invasion effort has reached a given stage of develop ment On the question of Soviet inter vention he said Soviet Russia will not intervene directly As I understand and in he light of iny extended experi ence with her Soviet Russias heory and technique of world rev olution have never made any move vhich may endanger her own po sition Senator Requests Chiang Replaced WASHINGTON Ellender DLa Thursday urged the Eisen hower adminislralion to consider nsking the Chinese Nationalist lo el rid of Generalissimo Chiang as their leader The Louisiana senalor said Ihe answer lo the search for peace may well lie in weaning the Chi nese on the mainland away from Russia and in finding a Chinese c a d c r more popular than hiang now head of the National st government on Formosa MICKEY LEARNS HES IN VICE CASEActoTMickey Rooney smilingly showshis wife former model Elaine Mahnken a news bulletin quoting an attorney in the New York vice trial of Minot Jelke that piaygirl Pat Ward had testified she had dated Rooney Rooney said he and Miss Ward were never alone together East Move Middl e Farm Price Supports to Act as Insurance Benson ST PAUL Minn IP Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Bensonin his firstmajor farm speech told cattlemen that the drop in beef prices had been checked and that price sup ports should only be used as disaster insurance Benson Vednesclay night told some Iowas Oleo Bill Creates Problem CHICAGO oleomar garine processors said here Thurday that if Iowa legalizes sale of colored oleomargarine but requires it to be sold in triangu lar quarterpound segments a serious packaging problem will resulf Armour Co said it knows of no such packaging equipment One trade source said if seems doubtful that the Iowa business volume would be worth the cost of developing such a packager 3000 delegates to a Central ivcstock Association mccling here hat farm price supports should not be used lo encourage uneco lomic production leading to big urplusos and subsidies Major Shifts lie apparently set the stage for major shift in the governments policies from dependence on Provoo Declared Guilty Treason Against U S Caused Death ofSweaCityan Extensive War Investigation With Van Fleet Shaping Up WASHINGTON big cst Congressional Korean war in cstigation since the 1951 Mac Arthur dismissal hearings shaped p Thursday with Gen James A fan Fleet as the star wilness The Senate Armed Services Com mittee summoned the retiring 8lh rny commander to defend his varwinriing offensive plan against Jen Omar N Bradleys warning tiat it might unnecessarily invite Vorld War III Chairman Lever el t SaUonstall RMass said he particularly vanted Van Fleet to testify as soon s possible on the probable costs nd results of an early allout rive against the Communists Van Fleet left Tokyo at pm am EST Thursday for Hon lulu on his way to the States He was flying in Gen Mark larks personal Constellation As the spotlight in the Senate debate swung from the merits of a Red China blockade to the Van Fleet proposals the administration was reported considering two new major moves to break the Korean stalemate One plan calls for an urgenl ap peal to all nonCommunist mem bers of the United Nations lo slop up their manpower equipment and supply contribution to the war ef fort as much as humanly and eco nomically possible Under the other proposal the United States would try again to persuade the entire free world to cut off all trade strategic and other Wise with Communist China Republican leaders have said the administration apparently is nol considering a major frontal assault in Korea and Bradleys testimony before the Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee tended to support this belief NEW YORK Army Sgt John David Provoo was con victed Wednesdaynight of treason He faces a scntencc that coult e anything jrison to death for treachery while prisoner of the Japanese during iVorld Warir A Fedeia Court jury found him fuiltyqf four overt acts of treason twasunable to agree on three treason allegations GoodLooking The goodlooking tall and square awed veteran was pale and tense s ihc court clerk read Ihc jurys indings in detail Judge Gregory Noonan scheduled a hearing on cfcnsc motions and sentencing for ext Tuesday The 35yearold dc endant was taken to the Federal louse of Detention One of the charges on which the 5yearold Provoo was convicted as lhat he was at least partly re ponsiblc for the death of n fellow risoner of war Army Capt Bur on C Thomson of Swca City la hornson was cxeculcd by Ihc Japa ese on Corregidor aflcr Provoo was in favor with the prison amp commanders reported him s uncooperative and antiJapa nese The jury of seven women and five men also found Provoo guilty of offering his services lo the Japa nese captors and of making two radio broadcasts from Tokyo dur ing the war Unable to Agree The charges on which the jury was unable lo agree were that Provoo tried to persuade an American colonel to give a U S Army code to the Japanese lhat he seized a pair of boots from a fellow prisoner and gave Ihem to the Japanese and lhat he joined the Japanese in questioning a fellow American prisoner for the purpose of discovering where the U S forceson The Philippines had hid den silver bullion The judge lold the jurors I be lieve in my conscience thai Ihc verdict al which you have arrived is juslified by Ihe evidence The defense had called Provoo and 34 olher witnesses lo back its contention that he remained loyal to the United States after his cap ture but had courted the favor of the Japanese so as to be in a posi tion to get extra food and other benefits for his fellow prisoners The defense also contended that Provoos propaganda broadcasts for the Japanese were made after he had become convinced thai re fusal would lead to his execution Indict 12 for Smuggling Guns DALLAS Tex yR Twelve men some of them residents of Mexico were indicted here Thursday by a federal grand jury for alleged shipment of more than worth of arms to Mexico The State Department said the indiclmenl rcsullcd from an inves tigation in the smuggling of about worth of small arms BURTON THOMSON Boys in Blue Gray Show Colors By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Seven Civil War veterans a few f them spry despite their 100 1 u s years Thursday proudly howcd their Confed erate gray and two Union blue on Abraham Lincolns birthday Sole soldier survivals of the war ctwecn Ihe slates the aged gcn lemen still delight kids and adults alike with their recitals of I was here anecdotes about epic bat les otherwise consigned to the his ory books James A HardIII one of Ihc wo remaining Union veterans and oldest of all survivors was re ported not feeling well Thurs lay Beardsley to Vacate Post Rumors Say By ROBERT HOGAN DES M01NES Wl liam S Bcardslcy sonic stale leg islalors arc speculating will ac cept a federal assignment befor his present twoyear term Is over In fact some are predicting the governor will vacate his office quite soon The governor as well as Iowas ioulcnantgovernor Lao Ellhon ire embroiled in a rash of new iimors that have broken out this veck in the legislature One legislator has already pre licted on a radio program that Governor BeardsIcy would soon re imiuish his chief executive duties md that LI Gov Ellhon would lep inlo Ihe governors office But ic Ihcn covered up his prediction y pointing out that the plans night be changed Wednesday a stale senalor rc eivcd a long distance call inquir ng about the rumor and pointing ut lhat he had heard Bcardslcy vould soon step out of office The governor himself refuses to c involved in any discussion of he stories apparently taking the josition that he shouldnt even innor them with a public statement f denial Speculation is being built around he possibility that the governor vill cilhcr acccpl a federal ap pointment under the Eisenhower administration or private industry will step into government bounty to a free narket economy The recent Ihc cafllc narkcl he said appeared to be n unorderly and temporary over djustmcnt lo what should have ecu a natural reaction lo an in rease in callle numbers A rclurn lo orderly marketing as checked Ihc price tumble he aid Sen Edward vho introduced Thye RMinn Benson said Ihe cef scare started because of a routh in the Southwest which righlcncd farmers into shipping noro lhan normal numbers ol cat ic lo market The delegates rcprcsenling 158 00 CLA members in 14 stales and lanada lislened intently but wilh ut applause to Bensons 30minulc speech No Action Benson gave no indication lhat the governmenl planned any emer gency moves lo halt the bcel price East Reds Snap Relations With Israel Say British to Evacuate Suez FROM THE WIRE SERVICES The West and East Thursday made significant bids to solidify defenses in the Middle East when Britain granted freedom lo Sudan and Russia broke off diplomatic re lations with Israel in a move to win Arab friendship v Britain and Egypt signed an agreement covering the future of Sudanand Prime Minister Naguitys office said evacuation of British troopsfrom the Suez Canal has been agrced upon A spokesman for the Egyptian government said Britain has agreed on complete and unconditional evacuation all air navy and land forces from the canal zone She will lurn over lo Ihe Egyptian armed forcesall installations of the giant Suez base Egypt has agreed lo accepti imilcd number of lechnicians and cxperls to handle tho more intri cate equipment including rada The precise number of experts will be deter mined in forthcoming talks The spokesman said the two coun tries have been long agreed on the principle of this question and decline Lower prices will bring mor beef lo consumers and help slabil t7elhe markethe said He earlier took steps to easethe farmers minds concerning a drop off in grain prices when he told newsmen hat the market has a strong undertone Any drop in price is serious lo armors he said but I believe he markcl undertone is strong He indicated that President Eis enhowers administration give onie thought tov accepting flexi ile price supports for farm prod cts when the present 90 pcrccnt t parity supports expire at the end C 1954 He said conferences arc now tin fvilure talks will cover only tech nical details No Objections JHe addedthat Egypt will haya no objections in principle to nego tiations on a Middle East defense pact with the West but this cannot take placeuntil full implementation of the agree mention withdrawal of British troops He said an independent Egypt will be willing to talJc with tho great powers ofthe freeworld on fiow to safeguard the strategic Mid dle East The Sudan is a million square nile area which Britain and Egypt erway among farm and dairy eaders to produce a policy for airy products when 90 per cent upports end March 31 EUROPEAN BLIZZARD blizzard swept Jorthcrn Europe Thursday snari ng road and rail traffic and isolat ng many villages SAME RIack flair means truffle death In pait 21 iinuri Nation Honors Emancipator Ikes Wreath Put on Grave AP Wlrepholo LINCOLN SAT and Mrs A S Dukes of Cen terville la show the chair in which Abraham Lincoln re portedly sat often when he visited the home of Mrs Dukes grandmother in New Salem 111 SPRINGFIELD III monies at the tomb of Abraham Lincoln opened Thursday with the laying of a wreath sent by Presi dent Hundreds of individuals and groups made solemn treks lo the shrine to commemorate the 144th anniversary of the Great Emanci pators birth Ail of them spent a moment of quiet reverence near the late presi dents tomb which dominates the rolling landscape of Oak Ridge Cemetery north of Springfield Major Clifford M Head of the Army instructor group at Quiricy 111 led the military detachment of 22 in charge of laying the Presi dents r wreath This traditional ceremony at 8 am begins the day of tribute Lincoln Government offices schools ancl many stores closed in this slate capital city lave been running joinlly since 899 The agreement gives the ight million Sudanese Ihe right o decide their ultimate future within three years They could de cide to join Egypt join the British Commonwealth or set up an inde pendent nation Early elections for a parliament are planned under supervision of an Indian an Amer ican a Briton and two Sudanese Western diplomalic sources ex pressed no surprise at Russia sev ering reialions with Israel in light of L its attempt to win Arab friend ship in the stralegic Middle East A sharp Soviet nole blamed Iho rupture in relations on the bomb ing Monday of the Soviet legation in Tel Aviv in which three Rus Picture of Blasted Legation Page 2 sians were injured But Western diplomats saw IKe action as the climax to a twoyear campaign of Soviet hostility toward the young Jewish nation and ah even older battle against world Zionism Began Packing In Moscow the eight adults and one child at the Israeli legation began packing at once The note which Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky handed to Sam uel Eliashev the Israeli minister accused the Israeli government of inciting hostile action against the Soviet Union Allied and Israeli diplomats in London said the Soviet break was bound to come because of the way Israel has lined up with the West in the cold war Israel has no formal alliance with the West but has let the United States and Brit ain know Israeli cooperation can be counted on in any Western de fense buildup in the Middle East Russian lirades against Israeli government policy began late in 1950 when the Soviets began to lose hope of keeping Israel on tho fence in the EastWest cold war Russia said Tel Avivhad sold out to the United States inreturn for economic aid The Arab still technical ly at war with Israel resentedthe U S dollars being poured into Israel both from privatelyraised sources and government aid Peri haps the sorest point in Jewish relationsis Ihe still un solved problem of the fate of 800i 000 Arab refugees 1M7 48 fighting   

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