Monday, January 12, 1953

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 12, 1953, Mason City, Iowa NorthIowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION OL LIX Piess ami United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 12 1953 Tills Paper Consists of Two One No It One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Bad Year Ahead for Communism TF you arc among those who be licye thai Communism possessc a great genius for diplomacy 1 in vite your attention to a few items Irom the record of the past feu years Youre going to agree think that instead oC a genius the Kremlin has exhibited an un believable stupidity Lets start with the pact entered into between SiaJin and Hitler about a dozen years ago or so It was designed to stave off a Nazi invasion of Russia It didnt do anything of the kind In the period since the war Stalins diplomacy and the military and economic implementation giv en it by Russia has proved a suc cession of failures Such gains as have been enjoyed by Communism Ihc acquisition of its satellite ladled out by this country on a silver platter To be more specific Poland Czechoslovakia the three little Baltic States Romania Albania Hungary Yugoslavia and East Ger many were dropped into the Rus sians lap by the ineptitude of the free worlds representatives first at Yalta then at Potsdam Ah Asset From Our Reds Acquisition of China came about it becomes clearer each passing day through an infiltration of our own State Department by charac ters who were more sympathetic to Russian interests than to American or free world interests What hap pened cant be explained away by mere ineptitude But in all other particulars the Communists have experienced far more setbacks than victories 11 was so in the case of Russian oppo sition to the Marshall Plan It was so in the case of the Berlin block ade flop Guerrilla war in Greece turned into a victory for the free world Korea Iras brought pain and suffering to the free world it has by no means proved an un mixed blessing to the cause of Com munism Its beginning was accom panied by one of the most monu mental diplomatic blunders any powcr has ever perpetrated Re member the circumstances No Russian on Hand At the time the North Korean Communists operating under or ders from the Kremlin of course crossed the 38th parallel the Rus sian representative in the Security Council had taken a walk Be cause of his absence the other members of that body were able to authorize an immediate police action resistance to the Communist invasion If a Russian representa tive had been present this wouldnt have been possible be cause of the requirement for a unanimous vote by those in attend ance Most recent of the Communist diplomatic blunders took place last month at the United Nations Gen eral Assembly when Foreign Min ister Andrei Vishisky one of his torys foremost windbags rejected the Nehru compromise proposal for a truce in Korea Vishinskys Quick Work In one burst of heated juvenile oratory Vishinsky accomplished these results 1 He made it clear to the world hat its the Communists not the free nations who arc responsible for continuing the Korean war 2 He alienated Nehru and India from the Communist orbit 3 He helped close a growing breach between United States and Britain over the Korean truce question Nehru had a pride of authorship in the truce proposal It had been accepted by the UN with minor amendments Vishinskys denunci ation 01 the plan and his savage questioning of Indias motives didnt sit well with Nehru who for years had been straddling the fence and remaining as neutral as possible in the cold war Were Arabs Impressed If the Kremlin had a reason for this rebuke to India it probably was a wish to impress the Arab states with how angry Stalin can get when hes crossed by some body Later developments may re veal that the Indian truce plan had the blessing of Communist China which quite conceivably is tired of doing all the fighting and dying in Korea And that brings up the increas ingly obvious fact that things arent going well behind the Iron Cur tain either in the satellite states or in Russia itself The recent purge trials in Czechoslovakia were facesaving affairs The Com munist program there has bogged down and there had to be a scape goat several scapegoats in fact iftlins reputntion for infallibility CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 concerned that a grand jury investigation would jeopar dize U S global interests Records Available Truman directed that McGran Ike Picks Commissioner Patronage Settled Truman Drops Criminal Charges on Oil Companies Civil Suit May Result in Action on Monopolies Truman Monday ordered the dropping of criminal antimonopoly proceedings against five major oil the companies produce records for a civil suit In a letter to AttyGen McGranery Truman said he was as a result of factors which have emerged since the institution of the current grand jury investi gation of the international activi ties of the major oil companies Trumans letter did not say what these factors are There have been reports however that the National Security up of governments top policy plan Farm Council Benson Confer on Program McKinley Praises GOP Farm Chief ST ANSGAR The Republican ery confer with representatives of National Farm Council apparently the companies to ascertain if they has been dealt into the game of will agree to enter into astipula running the US farm program lion to make records available for a civil case His letter added If they will I ask that a civil proceeding be instituted according ly and that appropriate steps be aken to cause the termination of Lhe pending grand jury proceed ings The whole case oroginated in a Federal Trade Commission report hat major U S oil companies lave worked with foreign compan es to divide up the world oil mar ket Stephen J Spingarn a member of the commission called on Tru man afew minutes before the an nouncement of the Presidents con dilional offer lo drop the criminal proceedings Aims Blast He left the White House with a sharplyworded blast against drop ping the criminal proceedings Spingarn told reporters it looked 0 him as if the oil companies had performed one of the greatest snow jobs whilewashes in his ory by convincing the State De partment and other federal offi cials that the grand jury should be dropped probe To abandon the investigation now Spingarn said would be to play right into the hands of Soviet propagandists He said the Russians always lave contended that the democrat c governments arc mere pawns of Wall Street AP Wircptioto DEATH A body of Mrs Giertrud Bodenhoff is being exhumed in Copenhagen Denmark by a distant relative who wants to see if he can find out about her death in 1796 The relative wants to know if the girl died of natural causes or was murdered This impression was gained after an interview Monday with Harold L MaKinley St Ansgar one of 23 Republican Farm Council leaders who met Ezra Tafl Benson Eisen howers secretary of agriculture in Chicago Salurday Sincere Man McKinley said that the meeting was called al Ihc instigation of Benson whom be described as a very sincere man with the highest of purposes and a good back ground He said the secretary designate made a most favorable impression Benson was reported by McKin ley to have approved wholehearted ly a proposed resolution to be of fered to the Republican national committee next Saturday The reso lution would authorize the Republi cannational committee to desig nate the Republican National Farm Council as an officially recognized auxiliary of the Republican party Every man who attended the Chicago meeting had a chance to state his opinions said McKinley who as chairman of the Council acted as chairman of the meeting McKinley went on to say that the best interests of the country and of agriculture will be his Bensons prime objective McKinley said that the meeting was called by Henry T McKnight secretary oC the 14mcmber interim farm advisory committee recently named by Benson No Representative Lack of a representative from Iowa on thai committee had caused much comment in view of Iowas position as a leading agricultural state McKinley and Allan Kline president of the American Farm Bureau had been mentioned as farm leaders from Iowa who would have been qualified for com millee membership Bensons use also of the Repub lican Farm Council in an advisory capacity was seen as the new sec retarys first move toward includ1 ing Midwest dirt farmers among his counselors 2 North lowans Arrive in USA SAN FRANCISCO North fowans are among Ihe 549 Army personnel from the Far East who arrived here aboard the naval transport Gen Nelson M Walker The North lowans included Cpl Alvin N Davidson 804 10th Ave Charles City and Pfc Carl G Lee of Osage aid it has turned up rom all parts of the country i n Communist penetration of col egcs high schools and elementary chools Interim Report During its public hearings in New York City last September and Oc obcr the group said it became apparent it could only siUvcy the situation in a broad fashion and SPELLMAN ARRIVES FOR CONSISTORY Cardinal Spellman of New York arrives at San Damasco courtyard of the Vatican in Rome Monday for the Con sistory in which Pope Pius XII elevated 24prelates of the Roman Catholic Church to its College of Cardinals College Now Filled Pope Elevates 24 to Rank of Cardinal VATICAN CITY Pius XII Monday elevated 24 prelates of the Roman Catholic Church to its College of Car dinals in a secret consistory opening four days of sacred rites here Other cardinals silently bowed their heads in agree ment and homage to their sovereign Pontiff as the Pope announced his choices at a meet ng of the College in the 100fool ong marbled Consisted al he largest chamber of Die Popes Vatican apartment The historic act brought the en rollment of the College Ihc Churchs its full quota of 70 cardinals for the first time in nearly 200 years The new cardinals include the first wearer of the red hat from he United Slates Far West James Francis Mclntyre archbishop of Los Angeles and two primales of Domimmislrulcd countries where hc Catholic Chiirch is under bit er attack The latter arc Archbishop Aloj zijc Stepinac conditionally freed rom jail in Yugoslavia a year agp and ArchbishopStefan Wysayski if Poland Neither is inRome for he official notification that they have been made princes of the Church The secrcl consistory was the first of a series of ancient and sacred ritesin connection with Ihe clevalion of Ihe new cardinals They will culminalc Thursday in a colorful public consislory at St Peters at which the Pontiff will confer on the new cardinals their red hats Legislature Taxes Top Iowa Problem DES MO INKS 1953 Iowa Legislature convenedat 30 a m Monday with money and tax prob lems among the top issues it will have to settle Requests for increases in stale appropriations and proposals for additional revenvie to step up the Iowa road building program posed a big problem for the Republican controlled 55th General Assembly The objectives are a continua tion of Ihe payasyougo economy and now new or added laxes Even the controversy between he butter and oleomargarine in ierests over the proposal to legal ize the sale of colored margarine is tied up with the money matters The stale now collects a 5 cent a pound tax on olco and there will be bills to repeal this levy The organization plans of both Senate and House were completed over the weekend when the Senate Republicans chose Sen Rfflph W Zaslrow of Charles City as major ity floor leader and renamed Sen Stanley Hart of Keokuk as presi dent prolcmpore Harl will be as sistant to Lt Govelect Leo El Ihbn of Fertile as presiding of ficer House Republicans previously had selected Rep William S Lynes of Waverly for a second lerm as speaker They renamed Dewey Goode oC Bloomficld as their floor leader A C GIJS Guslafson of DCS Moines was back as chief clerk of the House and Carrol A Lane of Carrol was rcappointcd lo a sec ond term as secretary of the Sen ate Confirmation of Ihc caucus se lections of legislative officials was a formalily as the lawmakers be gan their session Actual business will not get under way until Gov William S Beardsley embarking on his third term is inaugurated Thursday Elthon also will be sworn in at the same time Committee assignments might be made by that time and the flood of bills which generally to tals close to 1200 for a session will get started The most important question the lawmakers face is Ihc session long problem of appropriations That wont be settled as usual until the closing days Controversy on Doctor Draft WASHINGTON UP Congres sional sources reported Monday that a hot new controversy is boil ing up around the socalled cloc lors draft Somclhing must be clone about it soon The law under which phy sicians and dentists through age 50 can be prodded into uniform is due to expire July 3 Members said there is pretty general agreement it must be ex tended The need for medical per sonnel in the military continues and Ihe services c o n I c n d they cant get enough volunteers with out a draft law to serve as a per suader Probers Find Hundreds of Communist Teachers Order Further Checking WASHINGTON Senate Internal Subcommittee Monday urged further investigation of Redvifluences in the lations schools and colleges and said there are many hun dreds of teachers who are Communists The subcommittee submit an interim reporl to the new Congress This it didMonday in a 13page report to its parent body the Schr ate Judiciary Committee II follows by two clays another report filed by the subcommitlce which charged the State Depart in enl fell down on the job oCscreen ing Americans employed by the United Nations The subcommittee besides its search for subversives in New York Cityschools lasl fall made a monthslong hunl for Communists among Americans on Ihc UN pay roll The UN and the Unilccl Slates Slate Department have each tried to shift responsibility to thcolhei for not removing UN employes deemed polilically unfit The sub committee reporl called for fur ther investigation to fix the blame New System This report prepared before Trumans order last week providing for a new system of checking tlic loyalty of US citi zens on the UN staff The Internal Security Subcom millecs latesl findings seem cer ain lo spur plans afoot in the new Republican controlled Con gress for an intensive search for iibversives in the nations schools Rep Vcldc Rlil already has said the House UnAmerican Ac ivities Commiltee which he is ilated to head is ready to under ake such an investigation Sen McCarthy RWis also has called or such a probe McCarthy will be chairman of he Senates Permanent Investiga ions Subcommittee but he said it would be willing lo turn over Is files and cooperate with an other congressional unit The Internal Security Subcom mittee specifically recommended hat il continue investigation in he educational field In addition t proposed that stale legislatures onsider setting up committees to 400 Persons Hit by Flu at Rockwell town of Rock well has been so hard hit by the flu that it has been necessary to close the public schools and Sa cred Heart Academy There will be no school Monday and Tuesday Dr Edward Fleming only doc tor in the town estimated that 400 persons have the flu in Rock well The census gives the population as 779 Reason for closing the schools is that 16 teachers are sick in addi lion to both janitors Even the president of the school board is laid up with the ailment At the Sacred Heart Academy 40 of the 5th grade school pupil contracted the disease Neari every family at Rockwell ha someone in bed with the flu The epidemic started Thursdaj and Friday Both schools let ou early because so many Dr Fleming said the cpidcmi is subsiding now and the troubl is pretty well under control H admits he has been unusuallj busy undertake similar probes locally AP Wlrcpholo TW i A i wircnnolo HAPPY FAMILY GREETS JOHN John Eisen hower just home from Korea is greeted by his wife and two of their three children in the doorwayof their High land Falls N Y homeiSunday John is home for the in auguration of his father Dwight David JI and Barbara Anno arc shown Marines Start Own Investigation of Troop Bombings TOKYO U S Marines Monday started their own new and independent investigation of a strafing and bombing atlack that tilled 14 American soldiers anc voundcd nine on the Korean Cen tral Front last week An Air Force statement Sundaj ndicated Panther jet planes of the type used by Navy and Marine pilots may have been responsible It further reported Marine pilot verc scheduled to attack the RecL north and east of the scene on the day of the mistaken atlack A Marine spokesman in Tokyo said its own investigators were sent to the scene to cjucslion wit nesses and inspect the damage The Tokyo announcement was made after an Air Force and Army teams surveyed the area eighl miles behind the front line Convict Sets Fires Iowa Pen Damaged FT MADISON separate fires which the warden said were set by a convict broke out inside the Iowa State Penitentiary here Monday and one of the blazes gut ted the prison auditorium Warden Percy Lainson said the convict whom he declined to iden tify admitlcd using oil soaked gobs of cotton to set the fires None of the 1200 immates of the prison was injured in the fire and Lainson described their con duct as orderly It was all over in 35 minutes Lainson said and there was no confusion The fires broke out at about am in the auditorium the prison school building and in two prison shops Educator Gets Posts in Germany IT Senators on Job Picks NEW Y 6 R K GOP eaders said Presidentelect VEisen lower fully agreed Monday to lear federal appointive jobs n f u I u r e with Republican nembers of Congress Earlier Eisenhower chose Dr James Bryant Conant president of larvard University as United Hates high commissioner forGer many in the new administration The high commissioners post is vacantjit this time due to the re iremcnt of Foreign Service Offi cr Walter J Donnelly last Dec 31 Dulles Conference Mondays announcement said Eisenhower picked Conant for the lost after conference with J o h n Foster Dulles secretary of state designate The nomination wilt be sub mitted to the Senate for confirma ion after Eisenhower takes office Jan 20 Conant president of Harvard since 1933 is a member of the Ad visoryCommittee of the Atomic Energy Commission From 1941 to 1946 the educator served as chairman of the National Defense Research Commission and also was a member of the Ed ucational Policies Commission Sen Kriowland of California chairman pf the Senate Republican Policy Committee saidafter a con ference with Eisenhower that the general had fully agreed low the customary practice checking appointments with GOP lawmakers Sen Taft of Ohio the Sena t e majority leader said Eisenhowers agreement to do this represented no reversal of policy on his nart but the Ohioan added that he arrangement had helped to lispel confusion regarding the dandling of job patronage Knowland Taft and Sen Milli cin of Colorado chairman of the Conference of All Republican Sen ators spent about anhour and a hall with the Presidentelect They came in advance of Eisen lowers first meeting with his en tire cabinet Also scheduled to sit at the cabinet conference Vice Presidentelect Nixon and other top officials of the incoming idministration Recurring Complaints There have been recurring com plaints by GOP members of Con gress that the Eisenhower head quarters was not consulting them n advance regarding federal job appointments After Mondays meeting with Eisenhower Knowland told a news conference that the session had been friendly and cooperative and that there was a genuine ef ort to get a meeting of minds Knowland said the agreement reached calls for clearing with sen ators all jobs which require Senate confirmation In addition he said other unspecified appointive jobs vould be checked through senato ial channels The contact would be made in most cases with the Republican senators from the state where the appointee resides Knowland said hat in the case of postmasters vhose assignment would be in a congressional area the clearance would be with the appro priate member of the House of Representatives In the case of appointment of postmasters to the larger cities vhcre more than one congressional district was involved the clearance About The Weather Mason City Tuesday partly cloudy and mild high 30 to 34 Iowa Tuesday partly cloudy little change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy south Tuesday with occasional snow north GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 a m Monday Maximum 28 Minimum 5 At 8 a in 27 be with senators Taft said the whole matter of job tatrouagc has been in a vague tale and that the GOP leaders ame in to iron out the mechanics Like Taft Knowland said there vere differenceswith Eisen ower over Ihe principle of patron geclearance SAME Black fUr traffic dealb past 24