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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited ior MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPIK THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N E I G H B 0 R S HOME EDITION VOL L1X Associated Press jind United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Outs a MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 5 This Paper Two Ono No 74 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor That Prisoner of War Issue the surface at least it ap rs that the disagreement be tween the Communist world and the tree world over the prisoner of war question is the thing that is blocking a truce in the Ko rean war There are reasons how ever for believing that the Krem lin is using this as an excuse for continuing a war it has found to be to Communisms advantage The disagreement boiled down lo its essence is this The Communists insist that all North Koreans and Chinese held by the United down to about 120000 in straight way turned over whether its the wish of tho prisoners or not the UN position is that no prisoner shall be repatriated against his expressed wish Strong evidence if not absolute proof that the Kremlins wish is lo keep the police action going was provided in the final days of the UN general assembly last month when it summarily rejected a com promise settlement of the prisoner repatriation issue put forward by India The Nehru plan provided that upon conclusion of an armistice all war prisoners should be entrusted to a fivenation repatriation com mission and that any prisoners not repatriated within four months should become wards of the United Nations Approved 53 to 5 This resolution was approved by a vote of 53 to 5 in the Assemblys political committee The five votes against it w e r c as you would guess cast by Russia and her satellite states all o which feel required to sneeze every time Stalin sniffs In a speech so violent that it must have alienated the sometimes muchtoobroadminded Nehru An drei Vishinsky the spokesman for Communism assailed not only the compromise offeredby India but the motives which prompted it He gratuitously insulted Nehru It was Russian ineptitude at its level best In comparison with the 121000 prisoners held by the UN the Reds have listed only about 11000 UN war prisoners These include an estimated 3000 Americans Most of the remaining 8000 UN prison ers of course arc South Koreans All told there are approximately 132000 prisoners of war involved Art 118 Is in Dispute Both sides of course maintain that their own position in this dis pute conforms best to the 1D49 Geneva Convention having to do with the prisoners of war issue There are numerous references to Article 118 in that document and the exact sentence of that article which causes most of the argument contains the following language Prisoners of war shall be re leased and repatriated without de lay after the cessation of active hostilities This Art 118 quite obviously was concerned only with speeding up the release of war prisoners And it was Russias miserable behavior following World War If that caused concern about this matter In that Geneva conference iron ically enough Austria sought to add a clarifying amendment to Art 118 It would have provided a spcj cific exception to the gcnerali rule on repatriation to cover cases in which a prisoner no long er wished to go home and was able to settle elsewhere In short the amendment called for repatriation to the homeland subject to the prisoners being en titled lo apply for their Iransfer to any other country which is ready to accept them What was pro posed in this amendment was pre cisely what the UN is contending for in Korea at this time j A Double Irony I And heres the double irony of It all Both America and Russia objected to the Austrian proposal in committee on grounds that it could be used to the detriment of prisoners and of their countries Prisoners of war argued the Austrian delegate must have the option of not returning to their country But the Soviet represen tative expressed a fear that a prisoner might not be able to ex press himself with complete free dom in captivity and that the proposal might give rise to the exercise of undue pressure on the part of the detaining power Americas delegate on that oc casion was recorded as having shared that opinion and the Austrian amendment was rejected by a large majority of the com mittee In a sense therefore were being cut now by our own sword CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Must Appeal fro HST Atomic Spies Receive Stay of Execution NEW YORK conditional stay of execution was offered Monday to atom spies Julius and Ethei Rosenberg if they apply to President Truman for clemency Federal who presided at their Normal Work Resumes at NY Docks trial said he would grant stay if they filed with the Federal Court by Saturday an or der slating they will make the ap plication for executive clemency Kaufman announced his decision shortly afler an Appeals Court de cided to reserve decision on wheth er to delay the scheduled Jan 14 execution of the manandyvtfe spy team to give them lime to seek a review of thecase in Ihc United Stales Supreme Court Churchill Opposed to Extension of Conflict Duffy Pleads Guilty to Slaying CEDAR RAPIDS jilted bridegroom slaying case took a new turn Monday when George C Duffy 21 offered a plea of guilty to a charge of second degree mur der Duffy previously had pleaded in nocent lo first degree murder in connection wilh Ihe slaying of James Hackman 18 his success ful rival for I lie hand of Shirley Jean Arnold 18 New Plea When Duffy offered the new plea Linn County Attorney Willis Arnold were scheduled to be Olassgow said the stale was willheard It seemed likely the hear ing would last all day It may be continued into Tuesday Miss Arnold lold of meeting Hnckman the night of Oct 8 the before he was slain Meantime in Washington a band of pickets set up a vigil line across the slrcet from the White House in an attempt lo spotlight their demand for executive ency to the Rosenbergs clem A spokesman for thu pickets said the group will try to arrange an appointment with President Tru man in order to make a direct ap peal to him to commute the death sentences imposed on the spies Hillbilly Hymns for Williams MONTGOMERY Ala Williams a lop folk singer and song writer was given Montgom erys biggest funeral Sunday to the tune of scraping fiddles weep ing and the hillbilly hymns of his buddies For his last and biggest packed house the 29yearold Alabama Farm boy drew a crowd estimated by Fire Chief R L Lampley at nearly 20000 to the Municipal Au ditorium NEW YORK OP Normal long piers Mondav after striking Arnoltlf sil m specialists relaxed picketing Ual to rcturn ui which she had been usmu shore work was resumed at Ncw York dock tactics which had threatened an East Coast shipping ticup Cessation of picketing with a few exceptions was ordered by the strikers after an eighthour session with federal mediators had failed early Monday lo bring about a settlement of the dispute Hundreds of longshoremen went to work at their usual time Mon day morning Weighing and sam pling of bulk cargoes was not un dertaken immediately The mediators afler an eight hour marathon session which start ed Sunday said tho union agreed to go back lo work pending ar bitration of the wage and contract dispute but thai the employers re jected arbitration Involved arc three small weighers samplers and scalcsmcn Ihe AFL International Long shoremens Association The em ployers arc represented by the American Weighmasters Associa tion TRIES SANTAS CHIMNEY TIUCKSootcovered and frightened Jimmy Wright 6 promises his stepfather G R Updike hell never play Santa least not the chimney part Trying the house entry trick Sunday Jim my slipped down a 15foot chimney into the empty Gilman Park Fieldhouse at Seattle But when he crawled out of the fireplace he couldnt get out of the building nor hack up the chimney Santa must go out the front door he said after rescue by police ing lo accept it Dislrict Charles Penningrolh then began a hearing to determine acceptance of the plea by the court and pass ing of sentence Nine witnesses headed by Miss WASHINGTON Wellplaced sources said Monday Sen Ferguson We decided lhat we should gel KMich will command a Senate married she said 1 loved him investigation subcommittee task much boiler than George I dcforce hunting for Communists in cided it would be belter marrying the government and the United him lhan to get married to George Nations mcl have a divorce or something in a couple of year Knew Both Men Miss Arnold said she had known both young men for about four years and told how she and Duffy had set Oct 11 as their wedding day prior lo her Oct 8 change of heart On Oct 9 Miss Arnold said Duffy called her at work and she told him she had something to lell him He knew right away what I was going to say He got kind of mad During this telephone conversa tion she related Duffy remarked Jimmys about to get his brains blown out Miss Arnold said she met Duffy which she had been using She de scribed him as extremely angry Later she went to a wedding show er Shotgun Blast IJackmah was killed by a shot gun blast as he sal in his car He was preparing to drive to i wed ding shower to pick up Miss Ar nold Impact of NY Bus Strike Felt NEW YORK M The first full impact of a fiveday old strike tieing up 3500 privatelyowned buses hit New York City Monday It threw a heavy load on subways and cityowned bus lines during rush hour bul without great they diffi thc morning absorbed it ctilty 11 was a case of standing room only on lines that were operating jut standing was nothing new to New Yorks commuters There just more standees than us ual BULLETIN WASHINGTON E Shaver former general counsel of the Senate Small Business Committee pleaded guilty Mon day to accepting money from three firms seeking Reconstruc tion Finance Corporation RFC loans About The Weather Mason City Increasing cloudiness cloudiness Tuesday Iowa Cloudy wilh light snow Mon day night and Tuesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy west and south Monday night and Tuesday wilh light snow weather data up lo 8 am Monday Maximum 29 Minimum 5 Al 8 a m Precipitalion Say Ferguson to Command Probe Group The sources declining lo be named said Sen Williams KDcl may abandon his lonewolf role as a sleuth for scandals in the inter nal Revenue Bureau lo head an other of Ihc groups lask forces which will investigate thai agency There was no immediate com ment from Williams Senior Member The informants said announce ment that Ferguson will take the post will signal the official de cision lo shift Ihe Senates Com munist investigation out of the hands of Ihe internal security sub committee on which the Michigan senator was the senior Republican member The investigations and internal security subcommittees have been vying for assignment as the Sen ates official Redhunters No Announcements Sen McCarthy who will head the investigations subcommit tee and Ferguson lold a reporter it was too soon to make any an nouncements But it was learned that Ferguson has decided lo quit the judiciary committee parent of Ihc inlcrnal security group and join both the Senate Foreign Relations and Gov ernment Operations Committees The investigations subcommittee is a branch of Ihe latter McCarthy he subcom mittees lask force method would assign various members lo specific investigations Temperature Dips to 12 at Sibley Minus Five Here DES MOINES tempera ture dropped to 12 below at Sibley in extreme Northwest Iowa carly Monday as colder weather moved inlo Ihc slate Several subzero readings in cluding 5 at Mason Cily were re corded in Northern Iowa Mosl of the stale had snow flur ries Sunday but Ihc snowfall was light In some areas Ihc snow was sufficient to make highways slip pery Southeast Iowa wilh low read ings in the 20s Sunday night was expected lo have tempera lures about 10 degrees colder Monday nighl WOUNDED IN KOREA WASHINGTON Depart Considerable menl of Defense Monday reported Pvl Oi and Cpl ton have been wounded in the Ko n Trace Year Ago Maximum Minimum CHURCHILL COMES OUT a yacht ingcap with a big smile on his face Britains Prime Min ister Winston Churchill leaves his suite on the liner Queen Mary after his arrival in New York Monday morning At right and behind him is Bernard Baruch who will be his host duringthe stay in New York Churchill told news men that peace prospects this year certainly are not less encouraging than they were in 1952 No McCarthy Action Congress Is Pondering Committee Assignments WASHINGTON Member of the new Kepublicar Congress concerned themselves principally Monday wit committee assignments while waiting for Tuesdays cere money which will formnlly declare Dwight D Eiscnhowci elected as president The Senate and the House which convened ami organized Sal irday will meet jointly Tuesday to tabulate the electoral voles and of icially declare Eisenhower a n d Richard M Nixon the nexl Presi dent and vice president of the U S The meeting will be held in the House chamber Except for the likelihood of a Senate rules fight tha outcome of which was pretty much a foregone conclusion and the receipt of sev eral messages from the expiring Truman administration Ihc now 83rd Congress will Ihcn mostly mark time until Eisenhower is in tuguruled two weeks from Tues day Two prcsidcnlial messages arc hie laler in the week one trans mitting President Trumans budget or the fiscal year starling Inly 1 and the olhcr oullining his views on Ihc stale of the union The State of the Union message s expected Wednesday The budget ncssage is clue Friday Neither vill be delivered personally by the President A third message an report may reach Con ruijui L niuv Charles R Land of Kcokuk grcss carly oxt wcek Pl Oliver R New of Miller son rnNii Black flag traffic death in put I bourn Sen Bridges IlNJI said Sun day he expects Eisenhower short ly after being to ad dress a joint SenateHouse session I think Bridges added on a CBS television program lhat it vvil differ from Trumans Bridges said that unless some thing more developed he guessed the new Senate would lake no ac tion on a report questioning whether Sen McCarthy IlWis used for his own purposes funds donated In help his campaign againstwhat McCarthy calls Communists in government Meets With Ike About Problems Says Top Area Is West Europe NEW YORK w Winston hurthill arrived in the United Hales Monday with this firm British want no xtcnsion of Ihc war in Korea Shortly thereafter arrangements vcrc announced for the British prime minister to meet wilh Presi lent elect Dwight Eisenhower Monday afternoon The announcement said Churchill and Eisenhower will meet at the home of Financier Bernard Ba uch where Churchill is staying on his visit here The two will dine ogethcr Monday night Prelude to Meeting As a prelude to the meeting Churchill lold a shipboard press conference that resistance to ag gression in Korea had helped less en the danger of a third world war But he spoke out against an ex ension of the war because f the danger in Europe We think it would be a great nty for UN armies or for United States armies to wander all about his vast isnt the real center of gravity he said The real center of gravity is in Western front of the iron Curtain The British prime minister ar here for talks with Presi lcnlclcct Eisenhower said the danger of World War III has re ceded during the last year He told a news conference aboard the Queen Mary that the Korean War means that Soviet1 aggression has been resolutely and fully confronted That been the greatest event of the past five years he said Against Extension The 78yearold British leader said his country was against any definite rt Motorists Set Death Record New Marks Over Long Holidays By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American motorists wrote bloody record of death on highway and street two successive weekends of the ChristmasNew Year holi days As Ihc number of persons killed in Iraffic accidents in Ihe past four days mounted loGOl Ned II Dear born president of the National Safety Council declared this is a disgraceful way lo start the new year The previous record for a four day New Year week end G pm Wednesday until midnight Sunday local was 375 fatalities set only last year Belated reports might swell the total to the 410 the safety council estimated in advance of the New the Korean Year week end Accidental deaths of various 122 and 50 were o raise the total kinds numbered burner lo death for the 102hour period lo 569 Last years total was HI Only Ihc week before an alltime record for highway fatalities dur ing a fourday Christmas week end was established at Sees Statehood for Hawaii NEW YORK William F Knowland RCalif said after a conference with Presidentelect Ei senhower Monday that he has cv Legislation to give the territory statehood will be introduced in the new Congress in a few days Knowland said Previous bills to cry reason to believe that Ilawaiilgrant statehood to Hawaii and been sidetracked in will get statehood at date Knowland new chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Commit tee told newsmen he did not feel at liberty to discuss what Eisen hower had to say about Hawaii statehood Get Statehood But J have every reason lo bc ieve he added that Hawaii will get statehood at a very early laic very carly Alaska have Congress Walkins are members of Ihe com mittee Butler previously has been op posed to statehood for Hawaii bul recently came out in favor of it after a visit lo the territory Butler said prospects appear Knowland was accompanied to bright for quick committee ap Eisenhowers Commodore Hoteljproval of Hawaiis statehood and headquarters by GOP Sens Hugh added Butler of Nebraska Guy Cordon I am of the opinion there is sufficient support to pass the bill in the Senate The Republican platform called for granting statehood to Hawaii immediately In reply lo questions Knowland said statehood for Alaska was not discussed at Mondays session of Oregon and Arthur V Watkins of Utah Previously Opposed Butler will be chairman of the Senate Interior and Insular Af fairs Committee which handles statehood iegislation Cordon and AP WIrephnto ON Dorothy Krue ger Smith 40yearold mother went on trail in Tokyo Monday on charges of fatally stabbing her husband Col Aubrey D Smith definite extension War lie expressed distress with American Iradc tariffs and said he United States had failed to ully share its alomic information wilh Great Britain Churchill declined to indicate what subjects his talks with Eisen lower will cover The meeting has ccn labelled an informal wide range of international questions Churchill told the newsmen that irospects for peace this year certainly are not less encourag ng than they were in 1952 To a newsman who wanted to enow whether the danger of world var had subsided the prime min ster replied quickly Leave out the word subsided for the word receded Concerning the Korean War the prime minister said We must go on and hold our doesnt mean there will be no im provement in the situation Asked whether Birtain opposed any moves lo extend the conflict Churchill said I think it would be a great pity for the United Nations the United States go wandering about all over this vast to make any definite ex tension of the war He said there are worse things than a stalemate such as that which prevails in Korea Theres a checkmate he said World Peace Churchill said Korea has brought consolidation of the chances for world peace by uniting the free nations against aggression and by sparking a Western military build up But h Korea must not di vert the free nations from the real center of gravity which he said he believed is along the fron tiers of the Iron Curtain in Eu Churchill said he had not heard the details of a reported pian by Gen Douglas MacArthur for end ing the Korean War MacArthur announced in a speech last month that a clear and definite solution to the conflict existed The general later conferred with Eisenhower Asked about economic relations between Great Britain and the United States Churchill said Our views are very simple We dont want to live on you We want to earn our own living but if you shut the door and wont take any thing that we want to make it is hard to see how the unsatisfactory situation can he avoided or how can find our real strength Thats what we mean by trade not aid
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