Wednesday, July 23, 1952

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 23, 1952, Mason City, Iowa North loWPS Doily Newspaper Edited lot ths CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TMt NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O W A N S N E I G H 0 R S HOME EDITION VOL LVIII Associated Press and United Press Full Wlrts Five Cents Copyl MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 13 1V52 This Paper Consists 01 Two One No 247 Fresh Loyalty Oath Fight Breaks Out Sees Realignmeht of Parties Thinks Some Factions Will Switch Parties By W EARL HALL Staff Representative are deep hid den currents in this as there were two weeks ago at the GOP meeting which have greater longrange significance than the scramble for the nomina Twins Born in 2 Towns girls born inseparate towns wore reported doing well Wednesdayat Ware Hospital Coskie 19 West Brookfield gave birth to the first baby as the ambulance spec through that town The second was bornin the hospital yard here The mothers condition was good other things that meet tion and the eye The socalled loyalty oath which the northern forces attempted to force upon a rebellious south may I think the most important step taken since 193G to revise the es sential charac ter of our two major parties It was in 1936 that the historic twothirds rule went out the window Although a compromise be tween the fac t i o n s w a s W EARL HALL reached Tuesday night to prevent a crippling party split the divi sion of power and thinking is still there Now those with Dixiecrat lean Ings have been put on notice that they must accept the political phil osophy once identified as the New Deal now labeled as the Fair the FEPC so un palatable to southern Democrats Demos to GOP An almost inescapable conse quence of his course coupled as it is with the open embracedjby the GOP convention that nominated Dwight D be to drive socalled oldline Democrats into the Republican party By the same token forces are being set in mo tion to veer the Wayne Morse fac tion of the Republicans over into the iparty which bearsthe Dcrrip cratic label The spread between Morse and Hubert Humphrey is much narrower than the spread be tween Mouse and Capehart In short if the party realignment now so definitely launched pro ceeds the setup will lead to a pair of parties as clearly distinguished by their basic political and econom ic philosophies as are the Labor party and the Conservative party in Britain today One will be for gov ernment with a capital G andcall itself the other will spell government with a small g and stand for a preservation of free enterprise Since 1932 It would be a mistake to assume that the decision reached here in the wee hours Tuesday morn ing was reached impulsively To the contrary it has been in the making since 1932 at least If FDR didnt incubate it he undoubtedly gave vigor to it and bequeathed the idea to Harry Truman H trans cends all else in the Fair Deal today The part of the story that isnt being told by the Democrats in fact they might even deny it is that the principle at stake in this purge of the socalled oldliners is considered more important than victory in this particular presiden tial campaign In their thinking if not in their conversations for public hearing they regard the logic of this purg ing course as inexorable It im presses them that now is a prop itious time to let the inevitable happen Consider Defeat Even more hushhush in the presence of the press is the convic tion of more than a few Democrats in this convention that the long range interests of their party will be better served by defeat than by victory this particular year The reasoning goes as follows Theres an immense cleaning up to be done If a Democrat does if the party will be torn to shreds If a Republican does it the Dem ocrats can take over unscathed Suggestions have been advanced In print that the venerable Aibcn Barkley was being cast unwitting ly in the role of interim custodian of the Democratic organization Nobody else the story went could fcold party lines intact so well hi Its limited time out of power Army Shuts Down Big She IMaking Factory WASHINGTON shutdown of the Armys largest shellmaking factory emphasized Wednesday the developing crisis in defense production resulting from the steel strike how in its eighth week Secretary of the Army Frank Pace announced Tuesday that a shortage of steel has forced the closingof the Chevrolet plant in St Louis which makes about half the Armys 105milli meterartillery shell casings Pace said the shutdown will seriously affect the production of finished shells by next month when the impact begins to reach the shell loading plants Affect Production Of necessity he said it will continue lo affect the production of finished shells for several monthsthereafter The plant employing 2600 work ers is operated by the Chevrolet division General Motors Already the strike over wage boosts and a compulsory union demanded by the 650000 members of the CIO United Steel workers union had curtailed pro duction aircraft and automotive parts vital to the defense program Idles 2 Million The trade magazine Iron Age estimated total unemployment re suiting from the steel strike at nearly two million workers and the 6lal loss to the nations economy at four billion dollars It said steel production losses willtotal 17 mil lion tons bythe end of this With no end to the52day old dis pute in sight presidential assistant John Steelman continued tele phone conversations with union and industry spokesmen He hoped to find some basis for calling for new negotiations Pope Sends Letter to Russian People VATICAN CITY Pope Pius in his first Apostolic letter to all the peoples of Russia has ap pealed to them to return to truth and to the right path Undoubtedly the Pontiff wrote We have condemned anc rejected as the city of our office demands the errors which the pro motors of Atheistic Communism teach and try to propagate to the greatest detriment and misfortune of the citizens But he added We do not turn away the persons who are in er ror 100 Planes Smash Red Troop Post SEOUL Eprca waves of 100 Allied planes smashed a Communist troop and supply cen ler south of Won San Wednesday in another crushing aerial assaul enemy targets Jet and propellerdriven fighter bombers dropped 75 tons of bombs and fired 300 rockets and 3700C rounds of ammunition into the sprawling barracks and storage area at Osan village 10 mile south of Wonsan oh the East Coas of North Korea Communist antiaircraft fire wa severe returning pilots said The 5th Air Force said it hai waited for several weeks to let th arget ripen fpr the assault In latest in the Allied campaign o putting pressure on the Corrimu nists from the air Claims already reported on th main target included 59 slrang and barracks buildings eight vc iticle revetments four suppl bunkers one automatic wcnpo and seven box cars destroyed o damaged Three large secondary explosion blossomed in the clear North Ko roan sky from hits on fuel or am munition stores Other fighterbombers and ligh bombers continued to hammer Red positions around Old Baldy the bitterlycontested hill west o Chorwon on the WestCentra Front MISSING MAN HAMBURG Authorities i Iowa and Nebraska have bee asked to help seek William Gary 77 missing since July 8 when li leff here to drive to Omaha Net NO CANDIDATES CHICAGO UPPerlc Mcsla TJ S minister to Luxembourg tossc a party for the Democratic bi wigs Tuesday night But not a prc idential candidate turned up mmm Southern Delegates i Seated But Voting Status Is in Doubt i t CONVENTION HALL CHICAGO SoiitK Carolina and Louisiana delegates were allowed to remain seated in Ihe Democratic national conventionWednesday at a tumultuous session that left their future status as voting1 delegates in doubt The three states refused lo sign loyalty pledges binding them to do their best to get the partys nominees for Presi dent and vice president on the ballot in their states in the coming election In a compromise gesture to thesoutherners the rule was STATE STANDARDS SALUTE MRS ROOSEVELT AI Wluiptiptd Shouting and standard waving sweep the before the speakers podium in a greeting to Mrs Franklin D Roosevelt as she comes before the Democratic convention in Chicago She was given a 35minute demonstration Seated behind Mrs Roosevelt who can be seen just beneath the West Virginia standard in the center of the picture is Gov Paul Dever of Massachusetts He is the temporary chairman Egyptian General Executes Coup Seizes Government About The Weather Mason City Fair Wednesday after noon Wednesday night and Thursday Cool Wednesday after noon and Wednesday night a little wanner Thursday High Wednesday 75 to 78 Low Wednes day night 55 lo 58 High Thurs day 85 lo 87 Iowa Fair and cool Wednesday afternoon high 75 northeast to near 88 along the southern bor der Mostly fair Wednesday night low 55 to GO north i5 to 75 south Thursday partly cloudy some what warmer with scattered showers southwest and extreme west beginning in early morn ing High Thursday 82 to 92 Minnesota Mostly fair and cool Wednesday night Thursday part ly cloudy and warmer scattered thundcrshowers extreme south west Low Wednesday night 48 to 55 High Thursday 75 to 80 north east 82 to 8fi southwest GlobeGazette weather dnla up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum Minimum 58 At 8 am U5 Al Wlrcplinto UNHAPPY UNSEATED MAVERICK expression of former Rep Maury Mave rick of San Antonio reflects his sentiments as he is interviewed by newsmen after the Democratic convention credentials committee voted 3613 to seat the antiTruman reg ular delegation from Texas Maverick headed the loyalist proTruman group whose application was denied in Control Premier Out CAIRO Egyptian Gen Mo la mined Naguib took control of Cairo in a military coup Wednesday and Premier Ahmed Naguib Hilaly Pasha resigned Gen Naguib broadcast that the Army was in full control of the situation in Cairo hours after the coup He proclaimed himself Army commandcrinichict and pledged a drive against political corruption Arrest 12 Generals At Naguibs orders officers ar rested 12 generals known to be fol lowers of Gen Mohammed Haldar Pasha fromnvhom Naguib wrested the Army control At Alexandria the chief of the royal cabinet Afifi Pasha told re porters King Farouk accepted Hil alys resignation and asked Aly Malier Pasha lo form a new cab inet Troops with machineguns moved inlo the heart of Carlo Tanks and armored cars surrounded main b 11 s i ness buildings governmeni structures and the Abdin royal pal ace as Naguib whose appointment as war minister was vetoed by Farouk last week announced he was taking command of the Army Bad Elements In a broadcast lo the people Naguib said Egyptian police were cooperating with us against bac elements London sources regarded the oup as a direct challenge to King arouk Naguibs broadcast a icard in London said the nation lad been purged of persons wh ook bribes during the Palcslin var and of traitors who ploltet against the Army after the Pales tine war Naguib a thriccwount d hero of that war promised safe y to foreigners Shortly after th Naguib announcement the Cair radio went off the air The Naguib coup first was an nounced by Ihe Egyptian slat broadcasting company As Gen Naguib was making his announce mept tanks and armored car were converging on the Abdin pa ace and the principal govcrnmen buildings banks and busines houses Cairo has been in a state of ncr vous tension since January who disastrous riots engulfed the cap ital King Farouk ousted the Wa dist party government at that time Many observers considered thr the Wafd had whipped up ant British sentiment deliberately counter rising charges of corru lion among Wafd party leaders 2 Persons Hurt in 2Car Collision Near Meservey J K Olson Rochester Minn is i critical condition In Bclmond ospitnl after i twocar collision Vcdncsdity morning on Highway 07 a mile north of Meservey Wal cr E Grimm Route 3 Knnawha Iso was in the hospital His eon illon was described as serious The sheriffs office reported that lson was northbound on Ihe high ay and Grimm castbound when ic two cars collided inIhe mid Ic of the intersection The of cers said that there was a stop State Demos Postpone Vote oh Preference By W EARL HALL Staff Representative CHICAGO Iowas delegates to the national Democratic convention still arc not ready to stnnd up and be counted on their presidential preference In a caucus Wednesday forenoon they decided 4o put off tlio showdown for another 24 hours A few minutes Inter the same delcgiiles who had deferred their own decision adopted a resolution calling for a nationwide presiden tial preference primary he binding on the nominating con vention It carded 2522 Kraschel Speaks The vote followed nn admonition by former Gov Nels Kraschel lltjil tho primary be held late enough so thatnil candidates could be heard Following this action there was sonic enthusiastic oratoryon the of bossism In pprtyaf fnirs by August Kutfshof New HninpLou find some appeals for PEPC support from the lown dele gation Spokesmen for Kofauver and Stevenson both conceded that the Iowa vote on the opening ballot would be close spoke of eight or nine sure votes out the lotal of 24 with another eight or so on the fence Still for Kerr Mr Kraschol was still refusing to concede thathis Sen ator Kerr was out of the running ITawkcyc followers of AdlaL Stev enson met briefly after the caucus clmngecl to provide that no one had to sign ift the pledge was against state law or state pnrly rules It was not immediately clear whether compromise could ho6 bo Invoked by the thrco states or just why their status remained in doubt t Business Halts halt just atthe crucial pointofthe Ihrccstoics voting rightsbecause Sen Estcs Kcfauvcr bfjTennessee appeared on Ihefloor and touched off a wild demonstration Thq1 question of voting rights flared immediately after the con vention voted to scatan aritiTru man delegation rather4han a con testing stale of administration sup porters Duringdhc debate on thevoting Issue Senator Blair Moody of Michigan the rules committee answer toa questionifrom the r floor jthafc thethree In the convention i although their rightlo vote cbuld be challenged by any other delegation Virginia i howeversaid understanding that Virginia and he about Vvl Not SMttd Ll Gov L Preston Collins ot ign for easlhound traffic and that ie view toward the south was not Instructed Both drivers were lone in their cars The Grimm car overturned and lolh vehicles were badly damaged Whats Needed to Qualify CHICAGO major con Utulional requirements for prcsi ential and vice presidential candi atcs Natural born citizen must e at Icasl 35 years of age and csidcnt of I years the United States for SAME DATE and canvassed what they called their known Iowa strength It showed 9A votes for the Il linois governor But this Dr Sterling Barber of Mason City declared doesnt represent the Stevenson potential vote A lot ot Iowa delegates arc eager to support him when the ball gets lo Has Distinction The young Mason Cltyan has the distinction of being the first Hawk eye delegate In identify himself as a Stevenson backer by name Inthe original preferendum there were three Stevenson votes but Barber was the only one to sign his name to his ballot The North lowan reported a growing movement to place the mime of Franklin D Roosevelt Jr on the ticket with Adlai Stevenson Russell and KcCauvcr arc more commonly mentioned in this conr ncction although both vigorously disavow any interest in second place Hoover Mrs FDR Bring Back Nostalgic Memories CONVENTION HALL i CHICAGO WtWhon the last dented cam paign button has been swept up when the fervor and sweat of the na tional conventions are only blurred echoes two events will stand out in the memory of those who saw both gatherings of the political clans Herbert Hoover 77 fighting back tears getting the ovation of his life from the parly he led to victory almost a quartercentury ago And Mrs Franklin D Roosevelt fi7 a little moisture in her eyes too bearing the other party a message from her late who led the Democrats to victory over Hoover and three successive other Republicans in the most turbulent years of our century Tuesday night it was Eleanor Roosevelts turn It seemed natural to call her Eleanor though she was the widow ofa President of the United Slate Thats what the columnists and the cartoonists called her in the old days now dear to 12 years and a few monlhs when she gallivanted the globe with tho White House her home base She remembered those days too She spoke of them smiling in her speech to the roaring Democrats of n cartoon showing two men in a coal mine one saying lo the other Gosh here comes Eleanor Now what is she around the world just making more trouble And the Democrats laughed But not very heartily For this woman in the plain blue street dress with the two big casting sparks of reflection from the merciless spot lights was a serious symbol lo them dally sealed as1 a result oftha oyalty pledge jTiilc i Gov John S Battle of Virginia was called into with NntlonarChriinnan Frank Wc iClnncy in a closely guarded room behind Ihe platform A few minutes later Senator Harry K Byrdrof Virginia and Governor Janies F Byrnes oC South Carolina joined the pow wow It appeared lo bo an obvious ef fort to bring the last ot the hold outs on Ihe loyalty pledge inlo the convention fold1 Moody told a reporter Senator Russell Long had assured him Louisiana would sign the loyalty pledge This would leave only Vir ginia and South Carolina in ques tion May Go Byrd had said earlier We may go home or else stick around in our seals as spectators Meanwhile parly leaders pointed their strategy lowaid a Adlai Stev ensonSoulhernorllckct for the No vember election They were talking first of all ot Sen Richard B Russell ot Geor gia as a running mate for Stev enson Russell in bidding for the top spot has said repeatedly that he didnt want the vice presidential nomination If he stuck by that and parly vclerans had Iheir way on their proposed Stevenson South erner ticket the second place might go to either Sen John Spark man ot Alabama or Sen William FulbrighL of Arkansas Dont Up Backers of Sen Kefauver and AvercJl Horriman other aspirants for Ihe presidential nomination were not giving up their fights de spite the increasing Stevenson boom There were reports they w ere jointly planning strategy b u t James Roosevelt a Kefauver sup porter denied to a news conference that the Kefauver and Harriman forces had teamed up in a stop Stcvenspn movement I dont think it is a question of stopping this particular point Roosevelt said Kefauver himself spoke out against what he called a synthetic draft and said delegates dont know how Stevenson stands on the issues of the day The people are entitled to know how Ihe candidates stand on such questions as theTaftHartley law farm legislation and civil rights Kefauver told a gathering of chair mln of state organizations which hnfc worked his candidacy