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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 18, 1951, Mason City, Iowa Iowas Doily Newspoper Edited lor HMM CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION TNI NIWSPAPII THAT MAKIft ALL NOtTM IOW A MS MIIGHIOKS VOL LV1I AwcUttd PMW VTCH Full LMM Win MASON CitY IOWA MONDAY IUNB II IM1 Conilsti ol Two tit Ohe Mans Opinion A Ba4to CMUMnUry W HALL Mcitofliitf Cditor Is It Possible to Understand Asia about as long as I can re member Ive heard it statec repeated that it takes a life time spent in China India Japan or any other nation of the far east to comprehend the oriental mind You Americans Ive heard i numberless times make the great mistake of assuming that the people of Asia think and act as YOU think and act Im on the verge of accepting this observation as the gospel truth As a matter of fact Im willing to go a step further and recognize that justabout the only other peo ple inthe world who think anc act as we do are to be foundin that part of Europe from which Americas racial stock was de rived for the most part Britain and Germany and Scandinavia particularly For a long time I clung to the notion that all human beings are at least as much alike in their mental processes as in their physi cal attributes It was a comfort Ing and comfortable assump tion because of its utter simplic ity But as my contacts with other peoples in other lands were en larged I was forced into some modifications and revisions of this original thesis Latin Americans Recalled For example I can remember the disappointment and shock experienced while in South Amer ica a decade ago when t discov ered that punctuality has no place in the Latins thinking In con nection with the factfinding mis sion I was on I met up with some most interesting and stimulatinj people Almost always wed end up deciding to get together again Well meet at 2 oclock tomor row afternoon in the hotel lobby here wed agree before part ing Well of course 2 oclock meant t oclock to me But it meant sometime much later in the aft ernoon to my newfound friend When he showed up at around oclock the tardiness wouldn1 even seem tocall for explanation or apology You see we just thinking in the same language or from the same back ground No Storm of Protest In Buenos Aires I found a very great appreciation of that truly great newspaper called La Prensa It was admired for its fairness and independence and il was appreciated for its manifold services to the people of Argen tina In recent months that greal newspaper has been murdered put out of business by a ruth less little dictator If there has been any pronounced protest against this act of craven tyranny by a bully not worthy of lacing the shoes of La Prensas publisher it hasnt been reported Here in America any abridg ment of the freedom of the press would cause a storm of protest It could and I like to believe would lead to a revolution if carried to an extreme Freedom of the press is one of the Jhings writ ten into our nations organic laws It figured in our breakawayfrom the mother country nearly two centuries ago But its a mistake to assume that other peoples in other lands and with other backgrounds share this estimate of the importance of a free press or any other of the com panion freedoms Theyll fight over other and from our point of view lesser things But asmat ters stand support for the ideal Of free press or free speech is more abstract than focal A Failure Explained In this incidentally we find an explanation of why American lorts in the United Nations to ob tain a ringing declaration for a free press and a free access to news throughout the world has met with so little success The Russians are by no means alone In their opposition to our pro posals along this line Within recent weeks at the in sistence of Prime Minister Nehru himself the 18monthsold con stitution of India has been amended to emasculate the orig inal guarantee of both freedom of speech and the freedom of the press To start with the guaran tee was rather pronounced now its greatly curtailed A recent India Bulletin got out for the benefit of Ameri can and English readers is at great pains to explain that the consti tutional amendments in question nre designed to curb the abuse of freedom not the freedom itself But the explanation falls consid erably short of plausibility from the American point of view Progress in Reverse It looks like progress in reverse from where we sit Maybe thats because of our inability to com prehend the oriental mind and that is assuredly the kind of mind that resides in Nehru Lets spend few minutes with him As everybody knows Jawaharlal Kohru was a disciple of Mahatma Oandhl universally regarded as CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 DeGaulle Party Now Strongest Middle Readers Keeping Control By JOSEPH DYNAN tun JP The middleofthe road parties emerged Monday with a majority in Frances newna tional assembly but it was a majority facing a squeeze from both the left and right If any thing the political road in France seems to have bent to the right Virtually complete returns from Sundays general elections showed that the followers of Gen Charles DeGaulle became the largest single party in the assembly while the communists won the largest single bloc of the popular vote But the communists did not make as good a showing as they did in the 1946 national elections They collected 224 per cent of the total number of valid ballots cast Sunday This compares with 286 per cent in 1946 Because of the new election law which en couraged alliances among the cen ter parties communist representa tion in the assembly was cut from 183 to around 110 115 Seats The DeGaullists got 189 per cent of the popular vote and 115 parliamentary seats or more The outcome threatened the country with another era of un steady coalition government at a time when the western allies were hoping for a stable regime which could act swiftly on measures for defending western Europe againsl communism Complete returns from all of the 90 departments counties of met ropolitan France with one excep tion and 3 departments in French North Africa gave the following division of 565 of the 627 assembly seats Center The 358 seats shared by the center parties included Socialists 96 left republicans 85 popular republicans 77 independent re publicans and peasants party 100 The left republicans include two branches of the radicalsocialist party and the democratic union headed by former Premier Rene Pleven Plevens party got 5 seats and the two radicalsocialist branches split 80 between them Undecided Another 53 seats remained un decided for the various regions oi Africa and French colonies in other sections of the globe But representatives from these areas usually align themselves in more or less equal numbers with the large political blocs of the main land or split off into tiny move ments with little or no connection with the main parties With threequarters of the vote in Sundays national elections tab ulated DeGaulles rally of the French people RPF had won 107 assembly seats and had run up an impressive total of 3 137599 votes of the 15000000 counted up to noon in unofficial In terms of popularvote the communists still were out in front Dut the red party vas losing many seats At the threequarter mark he communists had 96 seats and seemed on the way to losing as many as 60 of the seats they held in the old parliament Armour Reports Net Income Drop Chicago and com pany Monday reported net in come of in the 3 months ended April 28 the second quar er of the companys fiscal year In the like 1950 months net in come totaled F W Specht president in a etter to stockholders said beef operations alone showed a loss in the second quarter of approxi mately 55000000 before taxes The report disclosed that Ar mours income was derived entire ly from nonfood lines On food operations it had a loss of 337 for the 3 months but this was made up by a profit of on nonfood operations Report 50 Dead 100 Injured Karachi Pakistan reaching here Monday said 50 per sons died and 100 were injured Sunday night when a locomotive smashed into a passenger train near Sukkur SAME Black flag means truffle death in last 2i hours Outnumbered Yank Jefs Down 6 Aircraft By WILLIAM C BARNARD Tokyo Outnumbered American Sabre jets destroyed 6 Russiantype jets and damaged 8 others in two big air bat tles over Korea Sunday and Monday A total of 118 planes were involved in the sudden revival of jet warfare Sixteen red jets made a 3rd stab at 4 Sabre jets Mon day afternoon but kept at a safe distance They fired on the F86s then streaked back across the Yalu river into the safety churia All Safe All American pianes returned safely far east air forces said Reappearance of the red jets in force coincided with indication the Chinese may be preparing j GlobeGazette photo by Musser PIGS SAV were 100 head of pigs in this burning barn located on the farm of Louis Kptz miles southeast of Mason City but most of saved by the Rockwell fire department The barn was destroyed by fire of undetermined origin Sat urday night causing a loss estimated at Firemen engaged in rescue operations above include Milt Geer Robert Gibson Harold Haugen Heinz Hartman and Albert Gossweiler Trucks and water tanks were brought from neighbors and flames were kept from spreading Heavy Run of Cattle at Chicago Chicago heavy run of cattle into the nations Monday boded relief from tight ened beef supplies for food store meat counters Receipts of cattle at 12 major midwestern markets were reported as 66000 head by the U S de partment of agriculture This com pared with 38305 last Monday and 43772 on June 4 when OPS rollback ceilings were applied to livestock purchases by packers On the comparable Monday last 18 the same markets received an unusually heavy cat tle run of 75977 Chicagos receipts of beef ani mals was the num ber which arrived a week ago Mondays receipts were above the seasonal Monday normal Michael Hewlett OPS director or the IllinoisIndianaWisconsin region said the large run would undoubtedly lower prices suffi ciently to permit better than nor mal purchases by the big pack Monday is usually the peak day for cattle arrivals with Wednes day a secondvolume day and tap ering of receipts the rest of the week An OPS official at Chicago said Mondays receipts apparently rep resented the first big break in the wait and see attitude of feeders who have been holding cattle on their farms in hopes of some de velopment which would permit tiigher prices Star Rhonda Fleming Reports Jewelry Theft West Los Anjeles Rhonda Fleming came home Sun day night and found worth of jewelry stolen she reported to police Officers said that a burglar had orced the front door and taken he jewelry from a dresser drawer in the actress bedroom during her absence earlier in the day Claims MacArthur Up to Neck in Politics By JANES MARLOW Washington Mac Arthur is now up to his neck in politics although perhapsnot on his own behalf He jumped in Saturday at Fort Worth when he made a fullscale attack on the Truman administra tion for the way it operates at home He hadreturned to this coun try after an absence of 12 years as a critic of the Truman adminis trations foreign policy But now he has launched out as a critic of the administrations handling of domestic affairs too MacArthur made a whirlwind speaking trip through 6 Texas cities last week defending and urging in 5 of them his views on how to win in Korea Speaks of Home But in Fort Worth he never once spoke of Korea or foreign prob lems He spoke there only of events at home At Fort Worth MacArthur who has been mentioned as a possible republican candidate for president followed the favorite line taken by many republican critics of the administration He struck at what he called the internal subversion and corrup tion and detailed regimentation over our daily life the drift away from our competitive system of free enterprise the drift upward in the cost of bureaucracy the drift toward socialism the tax burden MacArthur himself almost at the moment he put foot on Amer ican soil in San Francisco last April when returning to talk to congress said I have no political aspirations whatsoever And to a reporter who asked him last week in Texas if he would seek the presidency Mac Arthur said No Unanswered But there is a certain amount of elasticity in both statements for in neither of them did MacArthur say he wouldnt accept the repub lican presidential nomination if its offered to him But the Truman administration when it stripped him of all his commands inflicted upon him one of the greatest humiliations ever1 dealt a general in military history And now that MacArthur has attacked the administration in both the foreign and domestic fields it is clear his feeling against the administration is intense in all directions So even if he is never rewarded the republican nomination it un doubtedly will be a satisfaction to him if he can help bring about the administrations defeat in the 1952 elections 2 Killed at Cuban U S Embassy Havana Cuba U S ma rine guard and a janitor were found shot to death Monday in the U S embassy The embassy said Cuban author ities are investigating but gave no clues as to what caused the shootings other than saying there were no indications of attempted robbery The embassy is in the Horter building in downtown Havana The janitor Agustin Fernandez has been employed there more than 20 years The marine guard a sergeant was not identified pending noti fication of his relatives The bodies were found in one of the embassy offices CARNEY APPOINTED Paris Dwight D Eis enhower announced Monday the appointment of U S Admiral Rob ert B Carney as commander in chief of allied forces in southern Europe Reports Air Force Is Able to Unleash Greatest Power Ever RFC Aide Worked for Borrower Symington Names Texas Official Washington former of ficial of the reconstruction finance corporation was accused Monday of having worked for an RFC borrower while he was drawing an RFC salary of a year RFC Administrator W Stuart Symington identified him as Al len E Freeze 52 of Dallas Symington told a news confer ence he had referred the case to the justice department for pos sible prosecution He added he had instructed RFCs general counsel to bring a civil suit against Freeze for recovery of the salary RFC paid Freeze at the time Symington said he was employed by the Texmass Petro leum company of Dallas The amount may run between and Symington said Accepted Salary Freeze resigned as assistant comptroller of the RFC last Sep tember 28 to become vice presi dent and comptroller of the Tex mass Corp Dallas at a salary of a year The salary since has been raised Symington said He added that at least 5 months before leaving the RFC Freeze accepted a salary from Texmass and carried on business with and for Texmass from his officeat the RFC At Dallas Freeze Monday de nied the charges He said the ac cusation is absolutely untrue I did come down there the first of the summer and my res ignation took place in September he said but that was because my accumulated annual leave was auilt up for that period Gave Notice Freeze said he had given RFC notice of his resignation before he came to Dallas and except for drawing annual leave salary to which he was entitled he was no Longer associated with RFC The oil firm official said he was unable to understand any other basis for the Symington charges The company recently was de fendant in a civil suit in which plaintiffs and intervenors with claims totaling more than OCO sought a courtordered re ceivership The company was or dered into receivership in the trial court but won a reversal of the order on appeal Symington said evidence dug up by RFC investigators consists of 20 documents presented by Texmass between April 18 and June 15 1950 signed by Freeze among other officials as a vice president of the borrowing con cern Also he said RFC records show 50 long distance calls from1 FYeezes office charged to the RFC that were made to offi cials creditors attorneys and other persons connected with Texmass Texmass was granted a 515100 00 loan commitment of which the RFC said has been ad vanced to the firm The loan was criticized by the senate Ful jright investigating committee largely on grounds it was used to bail out creditors of that firm TO MAKE BRITISH FILM New York IP Screen Star Elizabeth Taylor left by plane for London early Monday to make a film in England Entombed Soldier May Regain Eyesight By CHARLES RIDLEY Warsaw Poland UR A 32 vearold German soldier who said had been buried alive for 6 years in a nazi supply depot was iven a good chance by hospital minorities Monday to regain his health and eyesight The 6foot German who was not identified by authorities at dynias Akademia hospital said e and 5 companions were trapped n an underground German army food and supply warehouse by re treating nazi troops who dynamit ed the entrance early in 1945 The soldier and one other sur vivor of the entombment stumbled bearded blinded and blubbering from the bunker about a month ago when Polish workers cleared wreckage from the entrance to the depot at Babic Doly near Gdynia The second survivor dropped dead of shock on emerging into the daylight The other said two of his com panions committed suicide a few months after they were entombed by German troops who did not know the soldiers were in the de pot The trapped men were be lieved to have been looting Two others of the trapped sol diers died of unknown causes the survivor said Air entered the tomb through an afr vent undamaged by the ex plosion Water trickled through cracks and the men had plenty of food But they lived in dark ness after their supply of candles was exhausted two years ago The trapped men had no tools with which to dig their way out of the concrete bunker the survivor said He said they washed in Rhine wine and encased their dead in huge flour sacks The bodies were almost perfectly mummified V new ground offensive Red troops suddenly appeared in territory they had previously deserted Replacements steadilj filtered down from the north foi holding troops all along the front Fierce red defenses checked al lied moves in the center of the line But allied patrols Monday drove more than 3 miles into rec territory in the west and gained slightly over a mile in the east Two UN armored tank patrols rumbled up the west side of the former red iron triangle shoot ing at small communist bands on the way Another armored patro trying to push up the east sid from Kumhwa was forced back by road mines and mortar fire Small fights broke out all along the west and center A briefini officer said reds were still fight ing a delaying type of warfare Driven Back i In the east North Korean ma chinegun fire 3 times drove UN troops back from a commanding ridgeline but reds suddenly aban doned another ridge for which they had fought fiercely Sunday Fighterbombers raked every strong point as the 5th air force mounted 490 sorties in dayligh Monday including the jet flights along the northwestern Korean border F86 pilots reportedthe red jets showed more fight than ever be fore in the two air battles The two jet battles flared suddenly after a long lull Mondays was the bigger anc took the heaviest toll of the reds destroyed and two damaged It was the biggest bag in two months Thirtythree Sabre jets battled with 40 MIGs from 28000 feet down to tree top level Sundays air fight was between 20 American jets and 25 reds One MIG was reported shot down and 6 damaged Both battles were fought near the Manchurian border in MIG of all previous jet en gagements About The WEATHER Mason City Cloudy with rain showers Monday night Low Monday night 55 to 60 Tuesday cloudy and cool with high of 75 Iowa Considerable cloudiness Monday night and Tuesday scattered showers and thunder storms mostly in north and west Somewhat cooler north west Monday night and in south and east Tuesday Low Monday night 55 to 60 extreme north west 60 to 64 south and east High Tuesday 75 to 80 north west 80 to 85 southeast Winds becoming light easterly over most of state Tuesday Further outlook Partly cloudy Wednes day and Thursday with scat tered showers and thunder storms most sections No decided change in temperature with aft ernoon readings in upper 70s and low 80s Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday scatterec showers east Monday night and Tuesday A little cooler south Monday night Low Monday night 50 northwest 5560 south east High Tuesday 7278 GlobeGazette weather data for 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 83 Minimum 62 At 8 a m 66 Precipitation 14 YEAR AGO Maximum 64 Minimum 48 GlobeGazette weather data for 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sun day June 17 Maximum 80 Minimum 59 At 8 a m 73 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 47 Weapons Program at High Peak By ELTON C FAY Washington plan ners say the U S air force now has available to it explosive power greater than all the ex plosions from the invention of gunpowder to the atomic attack of Hiroshima These officials who may not be named told a reporter Monday that if the Soviets choose war the U S can hurl down on Russian cities people and armies destruc tion frightful beyond compre hension Unfortunately only a relatively few men none of them Russian understand the power the U S has shaped into its atomic wea pons air force and sea service How to Convince Nor does there seem a way cept for the politically dangerous demonstration of dropping a sample bomb OQ the communist enemy in Korea to convince Rus sia of this power of retaliation American officials from the highest levels down have been speaking publicly for 5 years of the deterrent effect of the atomic bomb onRussian aggression plans Because the phrase has been used so often withso little elaboration its meaning has worn thin More over it is quite likely the came into existence before the real power was attained But now of ficials who make the statement arent bluffing the Russians They are telling them Military men who the plans for any retaliation say the U S command now has power greater than alii the manthadt blasts before Hiroshima in 1945 Put Torether This means that packed into the nuclear fission weapons now in arsenals or on production lines is the total force of all the bombs shells and bullets fired in World war II and the procession of other conflicts back through some 700 years or more That force canrbe delivered now against one coun try in amatter of only hours or days if the military planners correct in their estimate Responsible airmen do not say this instant retaliation with atomic weapons would produce instant capitulation of Russia But they do believe obliteration of key Rus sian government and industrial targets and destruction of indus trial manpower would so shatter the warmaking system of Russia as to make her helpless to stop ad vancing allied armies and navies Significantly the sober serious behinddoors talk among military men of vastly enhanced destruc tive power in American hands has come within fairly recent months Equally significant is the fact these men are wholly cognizant of Russias own successs in produc ing at least one atomic explosion and the probability that she nowis manufacturing bombs Military leaders have warned publicly that the United States should expect that some soviet bombers would jet through the defenses and drop some bombs on American cities But it is apparent they believe the measure that would be paid back would be so full so complete that more Russian bombers would not follow Obsolete Officially the United States has said little of the new power which las emerged from the laboratories of Los Alamos If you look for orrnal public announcements you will find only the carefully phrased statement that the just concluded Eniwetok series indi cate continuing improvement in veapons design But if you look elsewhere you may find interesting evidence Consider the curious remark which Rep F Edward Hebert D who attended one of the Eni ivetok tests says he heard made by Doctor Edward Teller a top scientist of the Los Alamos labora tory In 1934 nobody had ever icard of the atom bomb and today it is obsolete Lawler Soldier Missing in Action Washington depart ment of defense Sunday night announced a new casualty list which included one lowan killed in action 3 lowans missing in ac tion and 6 lowans wounded Missing in action included Pfc C Busta son of Mr and Mrs Robert T Busta of Lawler
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