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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 14, 1951, Mason City, Iowa Nottfc Doily Ntwspoper EAfef M CITY GLOBEGAZETTE NIWSPAPII THAT MAKII A LI NOtTN IOWANS NIIOMIOIS HOME EDITION VOL LVII MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNG 14 1M1 tbto CwttMl Of Two JffcMl 440000 Watch Houston Parade for MacArthur By TIM PARKER Houston Texas Gen Douglas MacArthur brought his antiadministration stand to Texas largest city Thurs day after drawing a record crowd at a Houston welcome pa rade His speech Thursday night in a 70000 seat football stadium will give the deposed far eastern commanderan opportunity to develop arguments he voiced on j riving in Texas Wednesday 1 U S policy makers are guilty of appeasement in Korea ap peasement that could lead to war with Russia 2 The administration is guilty of moral weakness in talking o a peace settlement The biggest crowd ever seen in Houston turned cheered only with marked see MacArthurs arrival parade Wednesday Mayor Oscar Holcombe esti mated the crowd at around 440 000 almost double the previous record 250000 drawn by President Franklin D Roosevelt in 1936 Other estimates ran considerably lower Appeasement Charred MacArthur made his appease ment accusation from the steps oJ the state capitol in Austin About 20000 Texans listened as the 71 yearold general declared Ameri cas first line of defense is on the Yalu river at the Manchurian bor der and not the Elbe river in Eu rope The policies of appeasement on which we are now embarked carry within themselves the very incitation to a war against us he said If the soviet does strike It will be because of the weakness now display rather than the strength we of right should dis play He blamed moral weakness of the free soviet military o r Russian advances It is a weakness which has caused nations to suc cumb to and embrace the false tenets of communist propaganda It is a weakness which has caused our own policy makers after committing Americas sons to bat tle to leave them to trie continu ous slaughter of an indecisive campaign by imposing arbitrary restraints upon the support we might otherwise provide them through maximum employment of our scientific superiority which alone offers hopes of an early vic tory Short of Victory It is a weakness which now causes those in authority to strongly hint at a settlement of the Korean conflict under condi tions short of the objectives our soldiers xvere led to believe were theirs to attain and for which so many their lives The crowd which stood 3 and 4 deep along Houstons main street to see the Pacific war hero was patient and orderly Confetti and torn paper billowed from many skyscraper windows Many waved at the general some cheered A few spectators waved confederate flags But solemn faces predominated They brightened when the Ameri can Legion band swung into Old Soldiers Never Die The most cheers came when the band played The Eyes of Texas Are Upon You The general has 3 more Texas speeches to San An tonio and Dallas Friday and at Fort Worth Saturday Then his President to Tell Fight for Controls Radio Address Thursday Night By NORMAN WALKER r AP Wlrephoto TORNADO homesin Richmond Va were among many residences damaged as a tornado ripped across the city late Wednesday afternoon Fifty persons were injured Power lines were down in some sections and automatic traffic signals were out after the twister cut its shaky path through the city Washington Presided chartered Constellation will him back to New York City take 26 Killed 7 Wounded on Destroyer Washington Ufi The navy Thursday said 26 men were killed and 7 were wounded aboard the destroyer Walke as a result of an underwater explosion presuma bly a floating mine off the east coast of Korea June 12 The hull of the Walke was dam aged on one side but the vessel was proceeding to a Japanese port under its own power The navy said no further details were available It did not preclude the possi bility of a torpedo hit but re ported the explosion presumably the result of the vessel hitting floating mine means tritfic death in lut 24 hours Truman carries his fight for strict er inflation control powers to the nation Thursday night amid grow ing demands from business that curbs be scrapped or lightened Administration officials said Mr Trumans address from the white house p m C S T wil call for a consumers crusade on congress The defense production act con fining most control powers ex pires June 30 and the adminis ration is asking for a twoyear extension with broader control au hority Not Convinced But business led by the beef Backers stuck to their guns for esser federal limitations Major ndustry organizations like the National Association of Manufac urers and U S Chamber of Com merce contend that removal of pricewage curbs would increase reduction The Ford Motor Co while ask ng congress to extend controls suggested a number of changes such as guaranteeing higher price ceilings as labor and materials costs increase But Economic Stabilizer Eric Johnston claimed Wednesday night the Ford ideas would destroy stablization A number of senators became mpatient Wednesday night with jeef industry spokesmen at a learing of a senatehouse defense watchdog committee The meat packers contended re cent livestock rollbacks would curtail beef production and lead o black marketing and rationing Open Doors Chairman Maybank DS along with Senators Robertson D Ives RN Y and Moody said that as a practi al matter congress could not ex empt the meat industry without opening the doors for other broad exemptions from controls That would mean wed wind ip without any controls at all Ves said The question therefore is would you rather have no con trols at all or would you prefer controls on meat It amounts to that James Olson vice president in charge of beef operations for Hor mels Packing company replied that he thought an exception could be made for meats alone But Ives and Moody got into a finger shaking argument with Olson on that DiSalle Confident New Meat Rule Will Work U S Casualties Gain 2000 Week Washington U S casualties in Korea reached 70 317 Thursday an increase of 1 965 since last week A defense department summary based on notifications to families through June 8 reported 10432 killed 48311 wounded and 11 752 missing in action The wounded total included 1 231 who have since died and 104 of the missing are known dead raising the combat death toll to 11767 Of the missing 1284 have since returned to U S control and 153 are prisoners of war leaving 10 211 currently missing MARINE PFC RUSSELL MORSE A A 9 i s Mason Crtfm in Korean Action Marine Pfc Russell Leo Morse whose wife and 2yearold daugh ter live at 707 Polk S W was wounded in action on June 7 in the Korea area according to a tel egram received by Mrs Morse from the defense department The telegram stated that Pfc Worse was wounded in the per lormance of his duty and service of his country I realize your great anxiety but the nature of the wounds are not reported and delay in receipt of details must be expected the telegram stated adding that You will be promptly provided any additional information received Pfc Morses mailing address was given until he provides you with his new address as folows Ma rine Directory Section Navy 3923 Fleet Postoffice San Francisco Cal The Mason City marine was called to service from the inactive reserve last Nov 1 He was em ployed by the Mason City Auto Body repair as body fender man He served overseas in the south Pacific during World war II and was also wounded at that time Mrs Morse is the former Mar jorie Bailey daughter of Mr and Mrs Fitch Bailey She is making her home with her parents during her husbands absence Denver nations price boss isconfident Americas cattle men will find their own price con trol answer in increased produc tion And he believes they and other American businessmen can live under temporary restraints to pre serve world freedom Those were two key points Price Stabilization Director Mi chael V DiSalle made in a speech here Wednesday night And in a radio interview he said the up turn in cattle receipts at livestock markets is a sign cattlemen al ready are finding they can op erate under the ceilings and still make a profit Meets With lowans DiSalle was scheduled to meei in Chicago with Illinois and Iowa cattle feeders in part o his campaign to resolve the squabble over beef price rollbacks in face to facetalks with the men directly concerned We caimot bestow specialfav ors or exemptions upon any group or segment of the economy and expect to have a successful stabil ization program he declared DiSalle stacked up statistics to show the average cattleman wont lose anything by controls He said that of every dollar spent for beef a year ago 69 cents went to the grower Afterthe scheduled 3rd rollbacks of prices in October he said the grower still will be get ting 70 cents Feeders Warned Feeders were warned of im ADMIRAL McCULLY DIES St Augustine Fla fi Ad miral Newton A McCully 84 U S N retired who played a prominent part in World war I died here Thursday Report Dope Easy to Buy as Soft Drink in Capital Washington crime investigators Thursday made pub lic testimony describing drug ad dicts parties in the nations capi tal and relating that dope could be bought here as easy as a soft drink The testimony was taken from inmates of the house of correction for men and the reformatory for women both at Jessups Md Most of the witnesses said nar cotics are cheaper in Washington than in Baltimore but readily available to adults and teenagers in both cities Namesof the witnesses ques tioned at the two institutions May 29 and June 7 were withheld A 23yearold Washington wom an told of earning money through prostitution to buy dope The re port quoted her as saying she went as girls do on the street to get needed funds She said that quite a few of the girls she knew had to do that to take care of their habit the report added The report that dope was as easy to buy as a soft drink in Washington came from a former musician witha wellknown band He told of becoming an addict at the age of 17 as a high school stu dent More than 100 boys he knew in high school were smoking reefers marijuana the commit tee summary said Release of the report coincided with ademand by Fairfax county supervisors in nearby Virginia for a state law providing mandatory life imprisonment without parole for persons convicted of peddling dope to minors pending price cutbacks ijast Jan uary he said Those who bought anyway in the next 3 months ac count for only about 5 or 6 per cent of the nations beef supply le added Today he said they can buy without the fear of what might happen in some unan nounced action for they have knowledge of the entire program DiSalle cited as a contrast the attitude of cotton growers They also argued against controls he recalled but when controls were imposed the cotton farmers did lot go to their tents and sulk As oyal Americans they planted one of the greatest cotton crops of modern times Daily Beef Kill Cut to 40 Head at Decker Plant Beef slaughter at the Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant las leveled off at 40 head daily t was reported Thursday by P J Thogerson general manager Wednesdays report that the ocal plant made a full days kill of 240 head brought requests for jeef from retailers throughout the forth Iowa area Thogerson said Sowever it was explained that a full days kill under present con ditions does not constitute the ca pacity kill of 240 head Karl P Johannsen chief cattle juyer had reported Wednesday that the local plant planned a full days beef slaughter and that it was hoped the slaughtering de partment could be kept busy for he remainder of the week No beef was slaughtered Tues day but it was hoped to maintain the rate of 40 animals a day Near Normal Run of Chicago Cattle Chicago Another near normal run of cattle arrived in he nations midwest livestock markets Thursday The 3rd con secutive day of substantial re ceipts boosted prospects that the nations threatened beef famine may fade to nothing more than a emporary shortage Livestock men shipped 18500 cattle to the nations 12 major markets nearly a 50 per cent gain over the 12669 a week ago t compared with 18657 shipped a year ago Hebert Tells of Atom Bomb Explosions Picture on Pace 2 New Orleans mighti est atomic eplosion yet seen b congressional observers vaporize the steel tower on which the bom was mounted and blasted every thing except a few charred pair tree stumps from an Eniweto atolMslandr This picture of the power of new series of Abombs was pre sented Thursday by Rep F Ed ward Hebert recentl returned from the Eniwetok ex periments He attended as an oi ficial observer for the hous armed services committee Of Hebert said I had a feeling I was standin at the gates of hell looking iht eternity He gave a graphic account o the test in the first of a series o articles he wrote for the New Or leans States and which that pape made available to the Associate Press C But whatever had been standin on the island chosen for the tes Hebert witnessed the picture wa this as described by the congress man after a flight over the scene There was nothing on the is and left standing except th charred remains of a few palm ree stumps The huge steel tower equal in height to a multistoried modern office building from which the Domb had been detonated was no where to be seen The thousand of tons of steel had been by the terrific heat of the explo sion Hebert states that on one is and is abiomedical station when about 25000 mice and other ani nals are kept for use in studying effects of radiological activity o he bomb burst He made a poin which other congress member who attended Eniwetok experi mehts have made The fatal effect of radioactivity n humans has been ioo mucl emphasized as compared to the effect of other destruction which from the atomic explosion and not related to Vadioactivity Radioactivity definitely is no a deterrent to rescue workers i properly understood There is no such thing as a death ray bomb ivhich would destroy an entire citj without the implementation o other accepted military device oth in manpower and equip nent About The WEATHER Mason Thunderstorms de veloping during the night Thun derstorms ending by mid morning Friday and becoming partly cloudy and little cooler High Friday near 78 owa Thundershowers in west and central portions Thursday night and in east portion late Thursday night Low Thursday night 5560 Thunderstorms end ing in west portion Friday morning and ending in east por tion by late afternoon High Fri day 7478 Further outlook Clearing over entire state Fri day night partly cloudy Satur day and Sunday with few widely scattered thunderstorms and little change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with scat tered showers or thunderstorms west and central Thursday night and east and central Friday Not so cool east Thursday night somewhat cooler Friday Low Thursday night 5055 northeast 5560 south and west High Fri day 7075 GlobeGazette weather data for 24 hours ending at 8 a m Secretary Acheson Started Korean Aid Louis Johnson Says Considered Invasion by Russia Washington John son said Thursday the United States went to the aid of South Korea on the motion of Secretary of State Acheson And Johnson said he believed the decision would have been the same even if Russians and red Chinese had been in the invading force Johnson former secretary of defense was testifying as the 9th witness in the senate hearings on the dismissal of Gen Douglas MacArthur Old Difference He gave a close up picture of the conferences President Tru man held with his advisers when the Korean war broke out in June 1950 and he pulled into the open old differences between the defense and state depart ments over policy toward For mosa But Johnson who was bounced from the cabinet last September after feuding with Acheson told the senators he was not going to violate confidences or indulge id personalities related 1 At a white house meeting on June 26 1950 Acheson reading from a prepared statement moved that sea and air forces be sent to aid the South Koreans Johnson said The military neither rec ommended it nor opposed 2 He and violent discussion over Formosa but in the end Acheson agreed the U S 7th fleet should be ordered to protect the island from commu nist invasion and made the motion to do that Overruled 3 He had wanted in 1949 to send a U S military mission to the Chinese nationalists on For mosa but President Truman over ruled him because of political protests from the state depart ment 4 Despite reports to the con rary there were no intelligence reports received in Washington that put us on notice anything was going to happen in tore the communists attacked there He said MacArthur had no responsiblity at that time for Ko ea and it was not the generals duty to report on Korea Johnson also said he heard nothing of a possible attack on South Korea when on a visit to MacArthurs Tokyo headquarters just before the war 5 The U S troops in Japan were not prepared for a fight when he war broke out because they were organized and trained for oc cupation duty 6 It was a message from Mac Arthur which led to the decision o send ground troops to Korea Considered Firln 7 After MacArthurs message ast year to the Veterans of For eign Wars stressing the import ance of Formosa President Tru man considered relieving Mac Arthur as Korean comamnder but not in any other field as I recall t Maimum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 81 57 70 66 8 He did not like the way Mac Arthur was dismissed and belieyes knowing the sincerity of the president and his not desiring to hurt anybody unnecessarily if I had then been a member of the cabinet I should have argued with the president to lets do it another way MacArthur when testifying be fore the senators last month said he was not consulted prior to the decision to intervene militarily in Korea but that he thought the decision was a correct one Johnson agreed there was no consultation with MacArthur Senator Bridges RN H pressed Johnson as to the military attitude on Achcsons motion to go into Korea No Recommendation Neither I nor any member of the military establishment in my presence recommended we go into Korea Johnson said The recommendation came from the secretary of state but I want to repeat that it was not opposed by the defense depart ment all the members of which had severally pointed out the trouble the trials tribulations and the difficulties When Bridges wanted to know whether the military concurred Johnson said he did not wish to quibble over words He added Concurred is a little too strong If we wanted to oppose it then was our time to oppose Not single one of us did te AP REDS KEEP RUNNING troops ov erran Pyonggang northern anchor of the communist iron triangle in North Korea and their tanks continued on northward At Pyonggang the allies were 28 air miles from the 38th parallel The reds appeared to be drawing toward Kumsong saw tooth line in the east and toward the Sea of Japan open In the west the reds were retreating behind the Imjin river U S Tanks Infantry Go Far Forward By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo tank columns roamed at will over the length of the reds shattered iron triangle in Korea Thursday But on the east ern front communists turned and fought In some sectors the allies were kept busy Thursday beating off a eries of North Korean counterat tacks The U S 8th armyre ported only one advance of as much as a mile The picture along the east Was in marked contrast to the situa tion in the west Giant tanks lat erally covered with riflemen rum bled the length of the triangle Wednesday to Pyongang They were almost unopposed 100 Tanks The two big columns of more than 100 tanks returned at nigh after sweeping beyond the bomb shattered city Tank forces and infantrymen again made little or no contact with the Chinese in the triangle area Thursday the 8th army re ported However the 5th air force said a large concentration of enemy iroops poured heavy fire into U1S troops in the Pyonggang sector Je pilots roared in with fire bombs and blasting machineguns The air force said they silenced the enemy A reporter for the army news paper Stars and Stripes said small groups of Chinese left be lind as harassing forces made the going rough for allies mopping up the area UN patrols roamed 4 miles aheac of lines along the western front without finding any sizable Chi nese force AP Correspondent Stan Carter reported Reds Crinifc Farther west UN patrols loughl with small groups of communists eading one allied officer to com ment The reds havent left us yet Dut they are cringing North Koreans faded before nost patrols in the YangguInje sector AP Correspondent George A McArthur reported But they dug in and fought vigorously to defend key terrain His censored dispatch reported patrols were probing into red ter against outposts of the com munists new defense line Despite heavy losses and whole sale withdrawals reports from the triangle area eastward McArthur said the reds apparently are not short of manpower Plenty of Men The main red force is still defi nitely close in an allied officer on the east central sector said They apparently have plenty of men Not enough for a sustained offensive but they may attack anyway The 8th army reported the reds threw a series of probing attacks at the UN lines in the area north west of Yanggu The only allied advance was north of Inje McArthur reported Allies fought off daylong small arms fire to move foreward about a mile Oliver Plant Workers Cast Charles Some 1700 worte ers at the Oliver corporationplant lere were deciding Thursday whether they want a new union to represent them in negotiations with the company In an election supervised by the iiational labor relations board the workers were given 3 choices on the ballot They may vote for a new union the International As sociation of Machinists A F keep the present union the United Electrical Workers or vote for neither 6Month Flint The polls located at the Charles City Western passenger station opened at a m Thursday They will close at a m Fri day and the results probably will be announced about two hours later Approximately 600 of the 1700 employes eligible to vote had cast their ballots by 10 a m The election climaxes a 6month fight between a group of workers seeking to organize a new union and members of U E The workers who are trying to oust the U they now are rep resented by the I A charge that U E officers have ordered unauthorized strikes and that union is communistdominated Supervised Three observers from each of the two unions and the company plus officials of the NLRB super vised Thursdays election The election was ordered by the NLRB June 5 after the I A M pre sented evidence that workers at the plant were dissatisfied with their present union In recent meetings officials of the I A M have expressed con fidence that a majority of the Oliver workers favor their union However officials of the U E have expressed equal optimism on the outcome Senate Votes 10 Per Cent Payroll Cut Washington senate Thursday passed the 000 laborfederal security appro priations bill including a 10 per cent cut in payroll funds The bill now goes to confer ence with the house which had a different idea as to how to re duce the number of federal em ployes The house had provided that only one of each 4 job open ings could be filled in the next fiscal year The measure was the first money bill for the fiscal year starting July 1 to be considered by the senate this session Before passing the bill the sen ate rejected an effort by Senator Neely DW Va to exempt pub ic health activities such as heart disease and cancer research from he 10 per cent personnel cut Cfc
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