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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 28, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North Doily Newspoper Edited tor UM MASON CITY GLOBEGPAZETTE TNI THAT MAKIS ALL HOITM IOWANS NIICNIORS HOME EDITION VOL LVII Prtu United Preu full Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAV MAY 28 1951 This Paper Consist of Two One IIS One Mans Opinion I ly W CARL HALL iHfl Editor World Government Now Long Overdue ITS hard for me to understand how anybody of reasonable in telligence can view the present world scene against the backdrop of human history without con cluding that the alternatives fac ing us are true world govern ment on the one hand or curtains for civilization on the other As a matter of fact thats the only really fundamental approach we havent as yet tried Neither the league of nations which we refused to join nor the United Nations which we did join mea sures up to specifications as a true world government True world government is the United States of America set to world dimensions Instead of the 13 colonies which joined in the original federation known as the United States of America we would have a United States of the world embracing every peace loving nation on the globe United Nations had two strikes and a dark day from its incep tion Two of its foremost organ izers the United States and Russia were primarily con cerned with their sovereignties It was this same concern incident ally which kept us out of the league of nations A Snare and a Delusion Some day its going to dawn upon us that national sovereignty is a snare and a delusion Lets look for a moment at this proposi U S Operating Shoe String A F in Korea Washington Gen Hoy Vandenberg said Monday th United States is operating with shoe string air force and can not afford now to adopt Gen Douglas MacArthurs propose strategy oi bombing red bases in Manchuria Testifying at the senate inquiry into MacArthurs dismissal denberg also said he believe here are reasonable chances o getting a negotiated peace in Ko rea without such bombing Vandenberg the air force chie of staff said he believes if the full power of the U S air force were hrown into the balance in Korea there would be a good chance o forcing them Chinese reds to negotiate But he contended it would take he full weight of the air force o accomplish this and the air torce cannot afford to do it les it be called upon to meet a Rus sian attack elsewhere Macs Contention MacArthur had contended no material increase in ahstrength already assigned to the far eas would be needed to carry out his plan of bombing Manchuria Asserting that the U S air force remains the single larges1 deterrent to any Russian attack that might start World war III Vandenberg said he thinks the fighting in Korea can be halted without allout use of air there He added I believe that there are rea sonable chances of success in achieving a negotiated peace with tion The dictionary defines sov ereignty thus Supreme and in dependent power or authority in government as possessed or claimed by a state or community While I myself have always be lieved and maintained that under the democratic concept at least sovereignty resides in the indi vidual Ill accept the dictionary definition for purposes of argu ment if for nothing else Sovereignty in a government under such a definition would seem to carry with it the inde pendent power or authority to make decisions about both the present and the future As mat ters stand how many such deci sions are being made by the gov ernment of the United States on an independent basis The answer to that one is Not very many and particularly if you will think the matter through from its premise to its logical conclusion Lets just con sider one matter in this connec tion military expenditures Decided in Moscow According to our present plans a total of around billion will be spent next fiscal year on mak ing our nation militarily strong The year following the sum will be even larger perhaps bil lion Was that a decision reflecting the independent mindedness im plicit in the word sovereignty You know the answer to that one It was not It was a decision forced upon us by our communist adversary The necessity to spend a staggering share of our national wealth is forced upon us from the outside That isnt true sov ereignty Ten years ago our economy even our daily lives were being conditioned for us by a vile little character called Hitler Before that it was the kaiser although in those days we werent real sure that events happening in the remainder of the world were any concern of ours The time has come when we must face up to and answer this practical question Arent we paying too high a price for the preservation of a sovereignty jout endangering that one poten tial that we have which has kept the peace so far which is the United States air force Vandenberg said he concurred in the orders to MacArthur not to bomb north the the Yalu river boundary between Korea and Manchuria He said he concurred too in the decision that MacArthur should be removed from his commands The inquiry up of the senate armedservices and foreign relations cessed Monday after a session of 2J hours Vandenberg was asked to come back Tuesday Before Vandenberg left Senator Saltonstall RMass asked him if MacArthur ever failed to carry out any military directives Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff told the committee last week that MacArthur vio lated a not a military sending American forces close to the Manchurian border last fall Many Legalities Vandenberg told Saltonstall his question could get into many le galities of intent and a whole ramification that had nothing to do with my recommendation or my concurrence He went on to say that Mac Arthur didnt see eye to eye with the joint chiefs of staff and necessarily had to have consider able latitude Vandenberg added In the use of that latitude if he felt strongly in opposition to the policy that the chiefs had felt necessary there was a danger Chairman Russell DGa told reporters his schedule calls for finishing with Vandenberg Tues day and hearing Adm Forrest Sherman navy chief of staff on Wednesday He said Secretary of State Achespn would follow Sherman and it very definitely is in the committees mind to start hearing Acheson Thursday Vandenberg placed emphasis on an argument that air force re sources should not he risked and expended when they might be needed to meet Russian attack US Relaxes Some Price Control Rules Cost Decreases Seen in Move Washington office o price stabilization Monday re laxed retail and wholesale price controls on manufactured good to allow adjustments to conform to changes in manufacturers ceil ing prices 4 Officials said the move de signed to relieve retailers anc wholesalers from possible hard ships under new manufacturing price regulations will result in some price increases and some de more decreases than increases Manufacturers have been or dered to set price ceilings at pre Korea levels plus subsequent cos increases They have until July 2 to comply The OPS said a wholesaler or retailer buying from a manufac turer who has increased his price under the new system may re compute his own ceiling price up ward If the manufacturer has de creased his price the wholesaler or retailer must recompute his ceiling price downward OPS said Mondays action will ive relief to the seller who had not raised his the January general price freeze went nto reflect a higher price charged by his supplier The new order was not an acrosstheboard lifting of the eneral freeze at retail and whole sale levels OPS said but rather a temporary move until more de tailed ceilings can be arranged It does not apply to rnost food com modities since price adjustment already have been allowed on ood prices Price Director Mich ael V DiSalle said Sunday that a recent rollback is bringing the price of beef back within the each of people He scoffed at a cattlemens charge that the whole price control program is a hoax on the American people DiSalle appeared with joe G Montague general counsel of the TexasSouthwestern Cattle Rais ers association on television real Action Must Wait Its idle of course to assume that the present conflict between the communist world and the free domloving world could be solved by the establishment of true world government now That conflict must be resolved and in our favor There is no place for communism in true world government Looking back to 1945 its clear that the United States ivas as much a proponent of limited pow er and authority for the world organization as Russia was We too were of little faith as we ap proached membership in the United Nations Neither regrets nor recrimina tions can alter the facts of his tory but its tragic that America didnt throw its influence to the side of a world peace organization with teeth at that time Would such a setup have been achieved No Not a chance But wed have had Russias number Wed have known then and there that Moscow was viewing UN as instrument for the advance ment of her dreams for world domination What Might Have Been Knowing that wed have kept our nation militarily strong We never would have let our national defense disintegrate as It did be tween and 1950 ATI thai however is water over CONTINUED ON PAGE Z Condemned Spies Get Permission to Write Ossining N Y Spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg have permission to write each other one letter a day from their separate cells in Sing Sing prison death house The letters are censored Prison officials say neither writes daily The correspondence is the first between man and wife inmates at Sing Sing in 78 years Their electrocution has been de layed by court appeals L Ellsworth Pole Explorer Dies Suddenly New York Lin oln Ellsworth who claimed 381 00 square miles of Antarctica for the United States in 1939 died at his hotel Saturday night His attorney said Ellsworth 71 died of a sudden heart attack at the Hotel Carlyle where he lived Ellsworths wife Mary Louise was with him when he died Ellsworth conquered both the North Pole and the Antarctic His last majortrip of explora tion was a flight into the interior of Antarctica in 1939 when he made the territorial claim for the United States He was a lieutenant commander in the U S naval reserve at thai time Ellsworths attorney Charles S McVeigh said the funeral will be private but that other details had not been decided Burial will be at Hudson Ohio where the explorers parents are interred AP Wlrcphoto TRAPPED FOR 3 Davila 25 left and Mrs Delia Bessarra 45 wait for rescuers to free them from their demolishedv car after a runaway freight car crushed 4 other autos killing one woman and injuring 13 persons in Los Angeles Davila and Mrs Bessarra were trapped 3 hours before rescuers freed them Will Continue Drive If Chinese Shun Peace Chinese Prisoners Attempt to Escape Taipeh Formosa communist troops wounded in Ko rea and hospitalized in South are trying to escape to Hong Kong and Maca the nationalist defense ministry said Monday As a result the reds have clamped new restrictions on travel to those places Acquitted Joe Rogers Wants Prisoner Paroled to Him DCS Moines Joseph A Rogers 33 Collins farmer who was acquitted by an allwoman jury March 22 of a murder charge says he got a lucky break and would like to help someone else out if I possibly can Polk County Sheriff Howard Reppert Monday received a letter from Rogers in which he asked that a Polk county jail prisoner be paroled to him Reppert said he is advising Rogers that his office does not grant paroles In his letter to Reppert Rogers wrote I see by the papers once in a while where a prisoner is some times paroled and does not have to servehis full sentence What I am getting at is I would like to have a colored boy by the name of Marvin Taylor paroled to my custody I got acquainted with him while I was in Des Moines in the Polk county I fully realize what a lucky break I got on my case and would like to help some one else out if I possibly can I would be willing to give Marvin a job on the farm here and he would be out and away from Des Moines and would not be so likely to get into trouble as he would be living in a city Taylor 21 is serving a 240day auto theft term and is scheduled to be released July 2 He was charged with stealing a car in Des Moines and driving it to Marshall town where it was wrecked last September Rogers was acquitted after he had admitted the hotel lobby slay ing of Mrs Grace Del Vecchio 35 last Dec 3 By JOHN M HIGHTOAVER Washington of Icials said Monday a 14 natio Corean truce statement prepare n March could still serve as a approach to negotiations ifth hinese and Korean reds are in crested Whether the terms for peac now would be the same as thos which the United Nations allie troops in Korea had decide on for last March however is an ther question Authorities said i could not be answered without urther review of the situation vhich be under aken if there was reason to thin he reds were interested in open ing talks Meanwhile the military hig lommand is completing a new di ective to Gen Matthew B Ridg vay the UN commander with th im of continuing maximum pres ure oh red forces if they do no gree to some reasonable settle ment promptly Preparation of this directive lus the fact UN troops hav mashed the latest communis pring offensive and are once more fighting near the 38th paral el is regarded here as meanin nat the Korean war has enterec new stage This has produced ni noticeable reaction in Washing ton but abroad it has brought a new wave of speculation over pos sible peace feelers and truce ne gotiations Weekend speculation in Paris and London about possible peac developments or some new ap peal to the communists found nc support at the state department Officials 161 d a reporter thej knew of no consideration either o a new joint truce proposal or of a review of the possibly still goodproposal Armys Call for July Draft Low Washington he a r m Monday called for 15000 draftees in July This is the lowest number men which the army has askec the selective service system to deliver since the present draft pro gram has been in effect Since the draft call for 80000 in Jftnuary the monthly requisitions dropped to 20000 in June The army has requested 22000 men for August The 37000 addi tional men thus brought into the service in July and August will make a total of 587000 men which the army has requisitioned from the selective service system The navy marine corps and air force have requested no draftees in any month ELECTED COMMANDER Council Bluffs Walter Pop Carey of Des Moincs has seen elected commander of the first district of Iowa Disabled American Veterans SAME BUck flue means traffic in list SI hours Ralph Leysen Davenport Editor Dies Davenport J Ley sen 63 managing editor of thi Davenport Times died in a hos pital here early Monday Leysen had suffered a stroke last Wednesday as he prepared to go to his office He had been man aging editor of the Daily Times since 1922 Born in Muscatine June 23 1888 he received liis formal edu cation in the public schools there and began his newspaper career in 1905 as a reporter for the Mus catine Journal He was city editor and managing editor there before coming to the Times Mr Leysen frequently left his desk to cover special events in order to keep abreast of the lates news developments He had at tended most of the national po litical conventions wrote special dispatches from Washington on the appearance of Gen Douglas Mac Arthur before congress and speni 3 months in London while that city was under buzzbomb attack He was a member of the Ameri can Society of Newspaper Editors and the Iowa Historical society Immediate survivors are the wife the former Mrs Ann Gault Witcher a daughter Mrs Walter Stockley wife of an editor of Time Magazine who resides in Wilton onn and a granddaughter Funeral services will be held at 3 pm Thursday from the Hill and Frederick mortuary About The WEATHER Mason City Partly cloudy Mon day night Low Monday night 52 Increasing cloudiness Tues day with thunderstorms after noon or evening High Tues day 78 owa Partly cloudy with scatter ed thundershowers in the ex treme west Monday night and in the western half Tuesday Warmer Tuesday Low Tuesday night 5055 extreme west to 45 50 extreme cast High Tuesday near 80 Further outlook Con siderable cloudiness Wednesday and Thursday with rather fre quent shower outbreaks Cooler Thursday rlinnesota Considerable cloudi ness local showers northwest and extreme west Monday night and over most of state Tuesday except in extreme southeast Warmer Tuesday except high Tuesday around 80 except lower close to Lake Superior GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday May 28 Maximum 69 Minimum 49 At 8 a m 61 EAR AGO Maximum 67 Minimum 53 Enemy Surrenders by Hundreds But Red Resistance Stiffens American Loss to Flak Is Heaviest By ELTON C FAY Associated Press Military Affairs Reporter Washington elec tronciallyaimcd antiaircraft guns not the spectacular Russian designed MIG 15 jet taking the heaviest toll Amer ican planes in the Korean war Of the more than 200 U S air force planes lost to enemy action in 11 months of war the groat majority has been downed by fire from the ground everything ranging from rifle fire to heavy lak Because the air force guards such details the proportion of air craft lost to flak and to enemy planes may not be stated The reds ground gunners using radardirected weapons have hit B29 bombers at altitudes well above 20000 feet in air raids dur ing recent weeks This radar equipment like the planes the Chinese and North Ko rean forces use is presumed of Russian manufacture and much of t probably was copied from the substantial amounts of radar equipment given the Soviets by the U S and Britain during World war II when the 3 were allies The quality of communist anti aircraft work raises a question like that involving the enemy jet fighter planes about who operates the radarcontrolled guns High y skilled technicians not usually found among the peasant soldiers of Asia are needed to operate and seep radar aiming equipment in repair Information reaching here in dicates that radardirected flak batteries are not merely isolated affairs spotted around at strate gic points One North Korean tar jet city which air force bombei visit frequently has several scor uch batteries ringing the cit Similar although presumabl iveaker defenses are found Korean airfields which th is attempting to keep in op ration although they are unde almost daily attack by United Na ions planes Moreover there is belief tha he big communist China airfield n elsewhere i have the same moder lak protection By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo resistance stiffened Monday as United Nations troops pushed deeper into red Korea after taking the wars greatest bag of prisoners But Lt Gen James A Van Fleet said the Chinese com munists had lost their nerve and retreated when they could not crack the U S 2nd division He the enemy lost his nerve He just quit and hauled out added the UN ground commander U S 8th army headquar ters announced 3000 reds surrendered Sunday Another 2 000 were taken last week Great Trap Most of the 5000 were captured in a great boxlike trap 25 miles across and 10 miles deep The lid of the trap is the Hwachon reser voir with UN forces anchored at each side in Inje and Hwachon both are in North Korea UN forces drove new prongs Monday across the 38th parallel already punctured at half a dozen Iran Refuses to Recognize World Court Oil Dispute in Legal Tangle Tehran Iran refused Monday to recognize the jurisclic tion of the international court in points South Koreans smashed Adonis Given 2 to 3 Years Hackcnsack N T tecr Joe Adonis was sentenced t to 3 years in prison Monda and fined on gamblin first jail sentence i 25 year career as an underworl big shot GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m unday May 27 Maximum 68 Minimum 51 At 8 a m 56 Precipitation trace EAR AGO Maximum 69 Minimum 45 Big Loss Forecast by Safety Council Chicago The Nationa iafely Council forecast Mondaj hat 110 persons will lose theii ves in traffic accidents during ie Memorial day holiday Wed esday Ned H Dearborn president o iie council said cold figures in icate that immediate traffic lay reach 110 or more He added that extra care com non sense and courtesy by mo orists might hold the death toll elow 100 Dearborn said Actually we arc hoping thai ic toll may be held to 85 That vould be the lowest toll for any holiday since World war II The only other to go below 100 was New Years 1946 Since Memorial day May 30 falls on Wednesday this year the holiday period will last only 30 hours from 6 p m local time May 29 to midnight local time May 30 Gambles 10 Years of Life Twice for 5 Pennies Someone gambled 10 years of lis life twice Sunday night for a lotal return of exactly 5 pennies Mason City police reported Mon day Frank Shima owner of the Shima grocery 622 Monroe N W reported someone broke into his store but nothing appeared to be missing The management of the Carolina grocery 703 Carolina S 3 reported it also was broken nto and 5 pennies were taken The maximum penalty for Breaking and entering a store jndcr Iowa law is 10 years in the penitentiary the dispute with Britain over na tionalization of Iranian oil re sources Deputy Premier Hossein Fatem announced that the Iranian for eign office rejected a notification from the world court of the com plaint lodged there Saturday by Britain and the AngloIranian Oi company The British earlier hac notified Iran of referral of the dispute to the world court at Th Hague asking that the United Na tionssponsored body name at arbiter The deputy premier said For eign Minister Bagher Kazami in formed the court Iran would no send a representative for anj hearing on the matter Irans communists were moving to take advantage of heated na tionalist emotions stirred by the oil dispute Red front organizations sched uled countrywide mass meetings Tuesday to fight imperialistic oi companies The government headed by Premier Mohammed Mossadegh reportedly was ar ranging for tanks armored cars and special troops to maintain or der High Court Clears Way for Color TV By WAYNE OLIVER New York television broadcasts will be started over the Columbia Broadcasting System within a few days The network whose color sys tems adoption was upheld by the supreme court Monday expects to have 20 hours of color programs on the air within about two months The first color telecasts prob ably will be limited lo New York and a few other cities in the east They gradually will be extended to others of the 45 cities now con nected by network Meanwhile individual stations may also equip their studios and transmitters for local color broad asts as equipment becomes avail able But it probably will be 60 to 90 days or more before the first equipment starts coming from manufacturers to enable any of he owners of nearly 13000000 elevision sets now in use to re ceive in color In the face increasing re strictions on critical materials for he defense program it probably vill be many months before any substantial numbers of viewers vill have color Meanwhile all the regular pro rams now being broadcast in 3lack and white will continue to seen by present set owners and by those who continue to buy present type sets Because the CBS color system uses different or incompatible echnical standards color pro grams to begin with and a long ime to come will be entirely sep rate from those now Tobably outside normal program into Sakchang 4i miles north of the parallel and 10 miles west of Hwachon Americans moved up on their western flank Red put up stiffening resistance against advancing forces Monday And fewer surrendered A strong allied task force shoved 10 miles beyond captured Inje into North Korea It was turned back by withering fire from a red road block near the village of Hangye 9 miles north of the parallel This UN force had driven from an other Hangye 27 air miles south from which the allied counterof fensive jumped off last week With isolated exceptions the reds were in full retreat Not the End But the rereat fast as it is said Lt Gen James A Van Fleet does not necessarily mean any end to the war How far he the enemy will retreat I do not know the UN ground commander said He still has plenty of reserves and great latent capabilities He can smash us again if he wants to But theres no denying his troops have low morale right now and they are very weary and ilWed Two thousand sur rendered Sunday on the central front near Chunchon the 8th army reported They were dazed be wildered and hungry It was the largest catch of the war An 8th army spokesman at tributed the mass surrenders to the cumulative effect of the long and intense fire to which the ene my was subjected since the start of their last offensive the rapid pursuit by UN forces which cut off large pockets of the enemy and the reds lack of food and disil lusionment Reds abandoned huge stores of ammunition in their flight Air men reported the red retreat in central Korea resembled a rout the far east air forces said put 3 Months The allied advance cut off es cape routes and may have knock ed the reds out as a serious threat for at least 3 months U S 8th irmy officers said Hwachon 7 miles inside red Ko rea on the central front and Inje 4 miles above the border on the east central front were firmly in UN hands Both are key towns on red escape highways South Korean troops were back i Yangyang 8 miles north of jarallel 38 on the east coast In the west tanks led a task orce almost to Yonchon 6 miles across the border and 35 miles north of Seoul Other tanks rum bled through Yongpyong 32 miles northeast of Seoul and a mile across the border Escape Route Cut South of the border a key es cape route was sealed when Americans captured Hyon a road junction on the east central front southeast of Inje Southeast of Hwachon a Chi nese 6000 and 10000 reported fight ing desperately to escape before American troops sealed their last avenue to the north The U S 2nd 7th 3rd 24th and 25th infantry divisions the 1st cavalry and the 1st marines ours They can not be ln the K ny form on present sets without dded equipment or internal ad uslment REA Approves Albert Lea Loan of Australian South other UN units African and Boy 6 Drowns in East Okoboji Lake Okoboji Hanson 6 ycarold son of Mr and Mrs AVashington 1 The rural iGarry Hanson of Sioux City Icctrification administration apldrowned in Lake Okoboji Satur rovcd this loan Monday day Frecborn Moore Cooperative Roberts death was the first ight Power Assn Albert Lea linn BENNY FLYNN TO KOREA Hollywood Jack enny and swashbuckling screen iver Errol Flynn will head a USO roupc entertaining soldiers in ipan and Korea the Hollywood oordinating committee an ounccd Monday drowning of the season here The boys sister Portia 9 said the two children were plavinq on a dock and Robert lost his balance and fell into about 6 feet of water Robert Burk of Okoboji pulled the boy out The Spirit Lake and Okoboji fire department rescuo soiads worked over the boy ruoro than two hours before ha was pronounced dead
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