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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 26, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NdfHi lowcs Daily for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TNI NIWSPArtt THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH 10 WANS NIIGHIOkS HOME EDITION FOL LVII Allocated and United Full LMM W Ccott MASON CITV IOWA SATURDAY MAY 20 1951 117 S Cancels Raft of Rules for Retailers Washington government has chopped reams of price regulation red tape off the nations small goods corner stores There is limited peace on the railroad labor front and a house committee says loans and tax favors for defense industries are the biggest bonanza ever Other developments Friday in the nations giant effort to gird its economy for defense included 1 Charges before the house OPS Change Wont Affect Artzs Plan monopoly investigating committee that General Motors corporation got steel allotments from the na tional production authority while applications from 4 other firms were lost Disagreement 2 Economic Stabilizer Erie Johnston told a house committee stabilization office economists dis agree on whether the recent beef price rollback will cause a beef famine 3 In Chicago a standin for Charles E Wilson mobilization chief read a Wilson speech which said the U S will be able to meet all the demands of global warfare by 1953 Wilson who injured his leg while getting off a plane at La guardia field in New York was forced to cancel speaking engage ments in both New York and Chi cago He returned instead to his Washington apartment under doc tors orders to stay off the leg 4 The wage stabilization board granted 14 cents of proposed 15cent an hour wage increase for workers atthe Fairchild Aircraft Co of Hagerstown Md It also set hearing next Tuesday on wage demands of thousands of ship building workers 5 Some 51000 CIOInterna tional Union of Electrical Workers threatened to strike at Westing house corporation plants after June 11 unless a wage and union shop dispute is referred to the wage board The office of price stabilization told small retailers sweating put a highlydetailed price charting order it was all a bad dream Little stores selling little wares OPS said could continue under the general price ceiling first set up by the OPS This allows re tailers to use their highest prices of last Dec 19 through Jan 25 as their ceiling Depends on Goods But it all depends on what kind of goods are sold and how much Stores that sell a year or more worth of big wares such as luggage and furniture must file the detailed pricing least on the big for by the retailers pricing regula tion And OPS said the charts have to be in by May 31 That was a oneday stay because May 30 the original date is a holiday There will be no other extension OPS warned The new order gave relief to shopkeepers w hose sales are mainly in the small goods lines such as housewares notions sport ing goods silverware china glass ware jewelry watches and clocks Additionally the action pro vides that a retailer may elect to stay under the freeze if 1 The overall net dollar volume of sales of everything in his store is less than 3100000 annually ex cept that if his sales of the larger items such as luggage furniture and the like total or more he must file pricing charts cover ing those items 2 The net dollar volume of sales of the small items such as housewares notions silverware and the like is less than 860000 a year except that he still must file pricing charts covering the larger items if his volume of busi ness in those articlesis 520000 or more yearly Such a retailers to tal volume of sales in his store may exceed even the S100OpO lim it The governing factor is the amount of small goods he sells Must File These Every retailer doing in excess of yearly in the bigger items must file pricing charts covering those items The retailer who is eligible to do so and who elects to remain under the general price freeze does not have to notify OPS He simply disregards the May 31 deadline for filing the charts But he must be prepared to show OPS at any time why he made the choice If a dealer eligible to stay un der the general freeze pricing al ready had filed a chart and wants to use freeze period prices he must ask his OPS district office by July 2 to return his charter Johnston told the house agri cultural committee he feels the beef price rollback order is fair and probably will work But he admitted that some of his econo mists think it may result as cattle men say in a beef shortage while some others think it will not The order trimmed 10 per cent off Ibcefonthehoof prices last Mon day and would take per cent nicks Aug 1 and Oct 1 The Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen Friday night ended their 26month dispute with the carriers by accepting pay increases of 33 cents an hour for yardmen 18i cents for men in road The agreement affected about 150000 employes Nora of re quirements for compliance with the OPS retailers ceiling price regulations will not affect the plans of Paul Artz Nora Spring clothier to quit his business I dont care what they do It too late to dp me any good lv told the public what I plan to do and Ill stick by my promise Im on my way out Artz declared Saturday Added to Cost Artz had stated earlier in the week that he was selling out his clothing business because extra work required to fill out detailed pricing charts required by OP would add too much to his cos of operation He also predictec that the price ceiling regulation would be a disappointment to con sumers and would accomplish nothing Although small retailers are exempted from the price char1 filing provisions of the regulation the OPS made it clear that the re lief amendment does not exempt those retailers from price controls How will the OPS know whether or not a merchant is com plying with price ceilings if com plete reports are not made the Nora Springs merchant asked dont have much confidence in the new order Artz stated flatly Two Choices The new OPS order gives small merchants two choices They can price their goods according to the retailers regulation or they can continue to price under the gen eral freeze at levels in effect from last Dec 19 through Jan 25 Artz admitted that he might ex tend his closing out sale through next Saturday as a result of the OPS relief amendment He pre viously had planned to close the doors of his store Tuesday night Letters from all over the mid west were reaching Artz Saturday the Nora Springs merchant re ported One person wrote I think you are way ahead of them Manly Youth Dies in Car Truck Crash Evans 24 of Manly was instantly killed at 1 a m Saturday when his car col lided headon with a truck load of calves driven by Charles Boyd Jr 20 of Mason City and the truck caught fire a mile south of Northwood on highway 65 Boyd suffered some minor burns and was treated at Northwood officers said Boyd succeeded in putting out the fire in his truck and escaped with a burned left arm He went to town and reported the accident and called for help Boyd told officers that as he was driving north he saw the car coming from the opposite direc tion weaving on the highway He said he pulled his truck as far as he could to the right of the lighway but the car continued to come toward him and hit the truck on the left front The car driven by Evans was almost a complete wreck and the left front of the truck was also aadly damaged After treatment Boyd called to Mason City for lelp and he assisted in rounding up the calves which were taken on to market at Albert Lea Evans who served two years in World war II was the son of Mr and Mrs Clay Evans of Manly 3e leaves his parents an estranged wife and a daughter Cindy Sue 2 also 3 brothers Arthur of Ma son City Thomas of Clarion and Russell at home The young man iad been working recently at Deckers in Mason City The body was taken to Brides luncral home at Manly where ar rangements were incomplete Sat urday EARLY OR Smith Winnebago county farmer admitted Friday that harvesting corn in May was a new experience for him He wasnt certain whether he should call it a late 1950 harvest or an early 1951 harvest However Smith firmly declared that he was not picking corn in this season by choice Moisture content of the corn last fall was too high to permit safe storage so Smith left it stand in the field during the winter Rains have made the field too wet all spring to permit him to operate GlobeGazette photo by Bryant a corn picker Low places in the field were so wet Friday that Smith was having difficulty pulling the machine through them Stalks still were standing erect however and Smith said that loss from wildlife feeding was less than he had expected Smith operates a 160acre farm 2 miles north of Leland Reports indicate that several fields of 1950 corn have been harvested recently in most North Iowa counties Fay Questions U S Atomic Secrecy Plan Wonders How Long U S Can Lead SAME BUck flat means traffic death in 21 hours By ELTON C FAY Associated Press Military Affairs Reporter Washinffton The United States may have gained a wide new lead in the race for su remacy in nuclear weapons But he question is How long can it be held The Friday in a erse announcement of secret ex seriments completed recently at in greatmeas ure on whether the atomic secrecy ystem is better than it was 5 years ago Trifger Found The announcement indicated U S scientists may have found he atomic trigger that will fire uperpowerful hydrogen bombs In the summer of 1946 soviet espionage agents gained key in ormation on the making of atomic ombs By official American esti mates Russia then gained a year nd a half of time in her hitherto low search for the atomic ecret She produced an atomic ex ilosion in the summer of 1949 The American government ap parently thinks its security of luclear secrets has improved The oint senatehouse atomic energy ommission in a recent report ommented that the atomic coun erespionage system has not been ierccd since the 1946 break Fhychplogry But for some reason perhaps international psychology the U S ow appears to want the world to now it is making progress toward reduction of a hydrogen bomb vhich could be a thousand times more powerful than atomic bombs The joint announcement Friday y the atomic energy commission nd the defense department didnt pell out the words hydrogen omb But it mentioned experi ments contributing to the thermo uclear weapons research in say ig the latest tests on Eniwetok sland had been successfully car ied out The Hbomb is a weapon That could be a hint that by ac ual field a relatively mall quantity of hydrogen mate ial like tritium together with a onventional atomic bomb of plu onium or weapo eers have learned how to touch ff an Hbomb The announcement said that information obtained from re earch on nuclear detonations the major purpose of the tests is sec Et This left unanswered the ques on of whether the Eniwetok se ries included tests of projectiles with atomic warheads which could be fired from big long range mor tars or launching racks against an enemy in the battlefield Rep Overton Brooks DLa said ear lier this week that atomic weapons for tactical use are ready But the announcement did refer to blast and heat tests against structures airplanes and other items And though it said this program had been completed it suggested further experiment in the Marshall Island proving ground are in the offing It said the proving ground and the area around it will remain closed Collins Says Chinese Losses Worry Russia Washington J Lawton Collins said Saturday he believes Russia is beginning to get concerned about the heavy Chinese communist losses in Korea Collins the army chief of staff made the statement to senators investigating Gen Douglas MacArthurs dismissal as far eastern commander Collins insisted earlier at Saturdays hearing that Mac Arthur violated a not a military order in sending U S troops close to he Manchurian border in Korea Collins belief that Russia is be coming concerned about red Chi lese casualties in Korea was srought out under questioning by Senator Hickenlooper Collins agreed with Hickenloop er that the United States and its allies have an immense amount of equipment and a large military force in Korea at present Recalls Statement Then Hickenlooper recalled that Collins testified Friday I dont know of anything that would delight the kremlin more than if we were to just get in volved with a large military force out there in that area of the world Collins said that when he made that statement he was talking about the possibility of the United States becoming involved in a broad scale war in the far east Hickenlooper But the fact is that we are tied down now with actually a large military force there Collins Yes sir But again let me say that the connotation at the time I made that statement had to do with the broadening of the war in the far east to a full scale war out there Concerned Collins agreed with Hickenloop er that the situation in Korea probably is wholly to the liking of the kremlin but then added I would like to qualify that statement I dont think they like to see their Chinese commu nist friends get beaten like they are I think from a military point of view they are beginning to get concerned about it In his testimony to the effect that MacArthur violated an or der in sending U S troops close to the Manchurian border Collins said he does not accuse the gen1 implication that the joint chiefs of staff had cautioned MacArthur against action whichmight bring the Chinese communists into the Korea war but he had disre garded their policy views Cain Again With Collins back in the witness chair Senator Cain RWash returned tothe question Saturday He told Collins On Friday General Collins I think you unin tentionally and I emphasize that word unintentionally did a first rate hatchet job on General Mac Arthur and certainly you led the nation to believe that General MacArthur violated a field direc tive a field order when in my opinion he did no such thing Collins referring to Fridays testimony replied It is true that in answering the first question 1 indicated that it was a violation of a directive or words to that ef fect I promptly corrected that and made the point that what in my opinion and I still have this opin ion General MacArthur did was to not follow a matter of policy which had been clearly dilineated to him in a directive of the 27th of September if I remember the date correctly Truman Beats Rostrum to Get Across His Point Washington Tru man got into a wrestling match Friday a rostrum When he finally jostled the small speaking platform nearer the microphone the crowd at the new Carter Barren amphitheater broke into applause The president wanted to make sure hed be heard He told an audience of cabinet eral of violating an order but j members diplomats and other that the joint chiefs of staff feared the thing might be done in some other instance of a more serious nature Collins first raised the matter Friday in response to a question It put a whole new issue into the MacArthur hearings because of thc high officials that he had it on the authority from the bishop of Berlin that thousands of children have been kidnapped from Ber lins Russian zone They carry them off and they are never heard of again Mr Truman said SON REPLACES DAD Dublin Ireland fP John OLeary labor candidate for county Woxford in thc current parliamentary election campaign fell ill the other day His speak ing schedule has been taken over by son Patrick 12 Calls Anglo Iranian Oil Crisis Grave Dangerous Threat to World Peace By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Forcipn Affairs Analyst The AngloIranian oil dispute remains a dangerous threat to in ternational peace though it still is possible to say guardedly that it i susceptible of compromise This controversy revolves about the Teheran governments sensa tional nationalization of the huge petroleum concern over the pro tests of Britain which owns the majority of stock Britain long has operated this oil field and is de pendent on the oil to maintain her vital middle eastern position America also is concerned and to a less degree so are other western powers Britain Afraid Naturally Britain is fearful that this Iranian oil may slip away from her especially since the Iran ians themselves are incapable of working the field This raises the danger of neighboring Russia step ping in since she long has 4iad a yearning eye on this wealth of oil as well as on a warm water port on the Persian gulf The current position on thumbnail is this 1 The Teheran government last Thursday fixed a 7day deadline in effect an ultimatum for the petroleum concern to start con versations on ways and means of turning the company over to the Iranian government 2 Friday Irans aged premier Mohammed Mossadegh who fre quently registers emotion with tears declared that Iran will fight to the end to carry out the nationalization And he wept as he said it 3 Britain announced she was sending her tough 16th parachute brigade to the island of Cyprus which lies in the Mediterranean within easy striking distance of Iran Achcson Intervenes 4 Secretary of State Acheson las appealed to Britain and Iran to sit down at a conference table and work out a peaceful settle nent 5 Thus far Iran has rejected all proposals for settlement by arbi ration This brings us up to the ques tion of what Britain is justified in doing to maintain her position Would she for example be war ranted in sending military forces into Iran to protect these great1 oil interests A widespread feeling in Britain seems to be summed up accurate ly by Anthony Eden deputy lead er of the great conservative party vho declared that the country has been pushed around a little too much of late He declared that international obligatibns are being flouted in Iran and added Giving away just international rights doesnt win peace That is appeasement at its worst It is bad for us and bad for other countries and it is bad for peace This is a moment of watchful waiting but it is justifiable to re peat that Britain appears to mean business And it is a grave crisis AP Wirephoto SOUTH and Mrs Douglas MacArthur visit with Mary Martin right backstage at the Majestic theater in New York Friday night after a performance of South Pacific Miss Martin stars in the show President May Attend 35th Division Meet Topcka President Truman has indicated he will at tend the 35th division reunion I here June 8 and 9 j Harry Colmery president of the 35th division reunion corporation said Friday night thc confirmation came from Matthew Connelly Tank Infantry Columns Roll In Red Korea By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo tankinfantry columns swarmed into red Korea all along the 125mile battlefront Saturday in hot pursuit of beaten and fleeing communists They were stepping up hourly the pace of the allout of fensive proclaimed Friday by their commander Lt Gen James A Van Fleet AP Correspondent Jim Becker said it appeared the allied commanders were striking a daring blow for victory Communists were surrendering in unprecedented num bers Becker reported in a front dispatch Red troops jammed the roads to the north in pellmell flight They had abandoned their tactic of waiting until nightfall to move Allied planes hammered at these wide open targets Weve never seen anything like Test Day for Youth on Draft See story on page 12 New York ff This is T day some 175000 young Americans take tests to determine whether theyll remain on college campuses or go to army camps Students were to begin scrib bling answers Saturday morning to the draft tests at more than 1000 centers throughout the na tion The examination probably the largest mass quizzing ever under taken is the first of its kind in the United States Draft Board Decision Draft boards will use the tesi scores along with college grades to determine who should remain in college and who should enter the armed services The decision rests at draft board level However selective service has recommended that seniors be per mitted to complete their educa tion and that seniors who want to go on to graduate school should be in the upper half of their class or score 75 in the test to be elig ible for deferment For juniors deferment is rec ommended if they are in the up per threefourths or score 70 for sophomores who are in the upper twothirds or score 70 freshmen should be in the upper half or score 75 The tests come almost simul taneously with regular college endoftheycar final examina tions Draftage college students had until midnight Friday night to ap ply for the tests The applicants have been granted deferments un til August 20 In addition to those taking Sat urdays tests another 325000 col legians will meet the draft quiz master either June 16 June 30 or July 13 Two Sections During the 3hour test the stu dents have 150 questions divided into two sections verbal and mathematical Actual questions have been kept as secret as hydrogenbomb data but here are a couple of typical questions that the youths may be struggling with Saturday morning of wording is necessary in good writing by choosing words that exactly con vey the desired meaning one can avoid 1 duplicity 2 incon gruity 3 complexity ambi guity 5 implications one pound of oranges equals 2 to 4 oranges what is the least possible weight in pounds of 3 dozen oranges 6 9 12 1C or 18 The latest electronic calculating nachines have the correct ans wers in their robot brains and will grade the papers The answers to the two listed questions in case you are wonder ng 4 for the first question and 9 for the second it before a U S 8th army brief ing officer said He added amaz ing Advance Not Slow The allies too had abandoned their maneuver of the slow ad vance They slammed across the border into red Korea in a half dozen places Allied troops were shifting into high gear in their northward thrust from the Yellow sea to the Sea of Japan Commanders expressed concern over 60000 fresh Chinese troops known to be close to the front But they appeared to be relying on allied high mobility to meet anv possible thrust One officer said Any time you go out for the whole pot youve got to take a chance Allied troops were across the border from east to west at Yangyang Inje near Hwachon and northwest of Chunchon and northeast of Uijongbu In the extreme west United Na tions forces were strung along the border at several points There were so many Chinese dead on some hills one officer said you have to be careful not to step on them To the east and French troops smashed through Chinese screening forces and swept up the HongchonInje road The thrust opened a direct supply route to the allied bridgehead across the Choyang river on the eastcentral front Trap Tightens The linkup with the bridgehead tightened the trap on suicidal Chi nese fighting rearguard actions to keep open a 6 mile escape route in the mountains near the road The AmericanFrench linkup column knocked out red resistance along the important Hongchon Inje road The infantrymen cap tured 6 important hills command ing the route A U S task force reached Inje and South Korean forces to the east were reported to haveoccu pied Yangyang 6 miles north of the 38th parallel on the east coast Fastmoving allied units knifed across the parallel at several points on the eastcentral and eastern fronts Saturday They advanced against almost no opposition from Chinese who an officer said sur rendered in numbers U S marines took many pris oners who refused to fight No estimate has been made of the number of captured Chinese The officer said allied forces are taking more prisoners now than ever before A tankinfantry unit crossed 38 north of Changgo on the west central front Saturday for the sec ond straight day South Koreans Gain South Korean units on the east central front advanced nearly 6 miles Saturday with only light enemy contact Aerial spotters sighted 3000 communists retreating northwest into Inje on the eastcentral front and sighted groups of reds fleeing northwest of Hwachon on the cen tral front Twentyfour hours of rain failed to slow allied troops on the west ern front They moved their main line almost to 38 and sent a tank patrol beyond it The patrol reported it had de stroyed an enemy tank or self propelled gun just south of the parallel If it should be verified as a tank the action will have been cast 7178 northwest WiiYdj0110 of thc extremely rare tankto Sunday northwest 15 mph Furjtank clashes since the UN knocked ther outlook Fair and warmer tllc North Korean armored Monday Tuesday partly cloudy force last fall with chance of widely scattered Allied fighter bombers mounted showers 88 sorties in rain and groundhug rAII About The WEATHER I Mason City Diminishing winds clear and cooler Saturday night Low 4045 Sunday fair skies windy high 6570 Iowa Fair and cooler Saturday night diminishing winds Low Saturday night 4045 northwest 4448 southeast Sunday fair and not much change in tempera ture High Sunday 6874 north Minnesota Partlv cloudv Sfturday com ancl cooler Saturday night north a few showers northeast portion if1 was jowcst Sunday fair not much change inof 4hts 48 flown April 22 temperature Low Saturdav B29f struck centers presidential secretary Thc 35th is the World war I outfit presidents night 3845 High Sunday 6065 north 6570 south GlobeGazette weather statistics ror the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Saturday May 26 Maximum 75 Minimum 48 At 8 a in 53 Precipitation 38 YEAR AGO Maximum fifi Minimum 47 B29s struck near Pyongyang North Korean capital Commit Suicide Captured Chinese said some of their comrades had committed suicide rather than face any more allied firepower or risk being shot by their own officers for re treating A U S 8th army briefing of ficer said the reds were not fol lowing their usual pattern of
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