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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 24, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North lowoi Doily Newspoper Edited far MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TMI MIWlPAPIft THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N 11 G H 0 ft S HOME EDITION VOL LVII Asioclated Prtm Unitwt Full Ctoti a MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 24 1951 This Paper ConslsU of Two One 1M Says Russia May Attack at Any Time McCloy Reports to State Department Frankfurt Germany S High Commissioner John J Mc Cloy said Thursday that commu nist leaders in western Germany are indicating to the partys in ner circle that a soviet attack maj come any time this year or nex or the year after When red troops move west ward the faithful are told party workers must be ready to perform allotted tasks of sabotage erec road blocks conduct partisan warfare and spot targets McClo said in his quarterly report to the state department Communist party leaders in western Germany are intent upon imparting a sense of immediacy to trusted party workers he added McCloy said that in recent months the major communist propaganda effort has come into clear focus It is to undermine west Ger mans will to resist aggression from the east and predispose them to accept communist rule Communist propagandists Mc Cloy said have chosen 3 themes understandably close to the hearts of all German unity and an early end to the oc cupation The threat ismade that Ger man participation in western self defense must mean war not peace and the spirit of neutralism is ac tively fostered to impede such participation on the one hand and allegedly to guarantee peace on the other he explained The reds also maintain that the West German federal re publics participation in west Eur opean defense would cost the wesl Germans money which is true and allege that this burden would crush the German economy and Standard of living which it would GlobeGazette photo by Musscr IOWA SYNOD of the Iowa Synod of the United Lutheran church in America were reelected at the annual convention in Mason City Left to right they are the Rev Fredrick D Boldt president John L Berger Cedar Rapids treasurer for 25 years the Rev Marvin E Suhr Webster City secretary the Rev F R Ludwig Postville vice president and the Rev Maurice E Lesher Clinton statistician See story on page 3 Billion Requested for New Foreign Aid By JOHN SCALI Washington ff Presiden Truman asked congress Thursday o vote a vast new foreign aid program costing to not McCloy added that it appears unlikely that these propaganda tricks would find many buyers in the western zones and least of all in Berlin where communist harassment continued but failed to slow down the gradual rehabili tation of its courageous people Attempt to Show Mac Washington UR Democrats hoped to show through Gen J Lawton Collins Thursday that Gen Douglas MacArthur was off base when he assumed that Ko rean war plans were vetoed in Washington Collins army chief of staff was ready to testify before the senate committee investigating M a c Arthurs dismissal after members complete questioning his superior Gen Omar N Bradley The issue is MacArthurs con tention that the chiefs shared his views on pushing the Korean war but that these views were over ridden by President Truman or Defense Secretary George C Marshall iclp thwart communist dreams if world conquest Of the total wil o to strengthen the defenses o his countrys iriends around the ivorld Mr Truman told con gress He said the money is needed as part of a plan to build up within Russia internal pressures which will cause soviet leaders to aban don their policy of aggression It is too early to predict how or when this policy will change he said in a special message sen to capitol hill But this program of mutual security will help to bring about such a change It is certain that the unitec vigor and cooperative action o the free world can produce such results if we act in time Based on Slavery No system based on slavery anc terror can long withstand the tre mendous human energies that are released by the advance of free dom Mr Truman said that for the time being emphasis must be placed on building up the free worlds defenses to put a stop to the kremlins hope of easy con quest But needed too economic he added aid is because It touches the heart of the bitter MacArthur or not Washington quarterba eking cramped MacArthur in driving for a Korean victory Collins personally handed Mac Arthur in Tokyo the highly con troversial Jan 12 chiefs of staff study which recommended under certain conditions Removal of restrictions on use Chinese nationalist troops and U S provision of logistical sup port for their operations tight ening of an economic blockade on the China coast preparation of a naval blockade and lifting air re connaissance restrictions over Manchuria and the China coast growing prosperity in the free countries will frustrate soviet po itical warfare In these circumstances the sresident said the soviet rulers will face growing internal pres sures The rulers of the So viet Union will be forced by these pressures to abandon their policy of aggression The money the president re quested would go to speed ship ments of American weapons and economic aid to nearly 50 friendly countries It covers the fiscal year beginning July 1 A record sum of would be earmarked for western European nations described by the Los Angeles Man Sentenced to 1 Year for Swindling Woman Los Angeles cant un derstand how women can be so gullible the judge asserted but weve got to do something to pro tect them Whereupon he sentenced Elton Howard a 38yearold roofer to one year in the county jail for bilking Miss Myrtle Minor out of and losing the money on the horse races The judge placed him on 5 years probation and ordered him to make restitution to Miss Minor and all other victims He also warned Howard never to adver tise to meet women president as the most tempting prize for soviet ambitions and our strongest allies in the world strug gle for freedom To the Friendly The remaining would be spread among friendly governments in the far east south and southeast Asia the near and middle east and Latin America A total of would be set aside for military and eco nomic help to Asiatic nations in cluding Formosa to help keep that island outof the hands of the communists The president also urged con gress to increase by the lending authority of the gov ernments export import bank This was not a request for appro priations but an appeal for per mission for the bank to draw on the treasury up to this amount when needed The added loan funds he said are urgently required for develop ment loans abroad especially those which will increase the flow of strategic raw materials to the United States The president cautioned his whole program is not without danger He added There can be no absolute as surance of success There are far greater dangers in any other SAME Wick fU means traffic in list 21 hours course We cannot win peace through appeasement We cannot gain se curity in isolation We will not surrender Backing up his plea the presi dent declared a very real and terrible danger would face the American people if they are forced to stand alone against Russia We cannot maintain our civili zation he said if the rest of the world is split up subjugated and organized against us by the krem lin The president said his proposed military economic aid program was tailored to meet 3 major char acteristics of the soviet threat First the soviet threat is world wide Second the soviet armies marching across frontiers or it may come in the form of in ternal subversion economic war fare psychological warfare politi cal infiltration sabotage Third the soviet threat is of in definite duration the president said 2 Air Force Generals Replaced Washington two top air force commanders in the far east are being replaced Lt Gen George E Stratemey er who was stricken with a hear attack in Tokyo last week wil be succeeded by Lt Gen O P Weyland as commander of the far east air forces Maj Gen Frank F Everest as sistant chief of staff for operation at air force headquarters Counci Bluffs was named to succeed Lt Jen Earle E Partridge as 5th air force commander in Japan Announcing the changes Wed nesday night Gen Hpyt S Van denberg air force chief of staff said he and the whole air force deeply regret the illness which las made it impossible for Gen eral Stratemeyer to continue in command of the far east air forces General Weyland 49 and a na ive of Riverside Cal returned rom the far east only last month He said Wednesday night he as sumed he was assigned to his new command because he is familiar vith the situation over there He and General Everest will eave for Japan this weekend Stratemeyer has held the key ar east command since April 1949 Weyland formerly was his vice commander for operations Latest dispatches from Tokyo said Stratemeyer was still very 11 The air force did not mention any reassignment for him Officer Understands Salt Lake City of ficer said the note affixed to the parking meter 1 am up at my husbands office trying nickel for the meter to get a The red lag was showing but the meter patrolman issued no ticket He smiled and walked on About The WEATHER Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night Brief showers Thurs day night Low Thursday night 50 Cooler Thursday with high near 80 owa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with scattered thundershowers in the west and north central portions Warmer Thursday night except in the extreme northwest where there will be little change in temper ature Low Thursday night 55 60 High Friday near 86 Wind Friday becoming northwesterly 1622 M P H in the northwest half of state Further outlook Partly cloudy and a little cooler Saturday with possibly a few showers in the southeast Sun day generally fair Minnesota Partly cloudy a few showers northeast night and in soulh scattcrsd Thursday east late Thursday night or Fri day Warmer extreme south oast Thursday night Low Thursday night 5055 north west 5560 southeast High Fri day low or middle 80s GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m threat is total iattack may come in Communist the form of Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 76 48 67 83 62 Tax Bill Heavy for High Wages By REX CHANEY Washington o n g r e s s threatened Thursday to take a heavierthanexpected tax swipe at the pocketbook of the high salaried man The man who makes Jess than a year may get somewhat more favor able consideration than he anti cipated That was the way things shapec up as a result of action taken Wednesday by the t a xframing house ways and means commit tee The committee is working on President Trumans program for a increase in taxes The committee previously had approved one formula for hiking individual income taxes This called for an increase of 3 per centage points in each tax bracket The per cent of increase under this method would have been higher in the lower brackets than in the higher Wednesday the committee threw this plan out and adoptee a new one calling for a straight 12i per cent defense tax to be paid by each taxpayer on top oi the income tax he now pays In other words the taxpayer would compute his income tax just as he does now and then add an extra li per cent The effect of this is to make it tougher on the man in the higher income brackets than a 3point increase would ITave been and somewhat easier on the man in the lower brackets Find Girls Body Victim of Sex Fiend Santa Ana Cal body of 10yearold Patricia Jean Hull missing victim of a sex maniac vas found Thursday in an iso lated canyon east of here The Orange county forest rang er headquarters at nearby Orange confirmed reports that the body had been found in Live Oak can yon an isolated area near El Toro marine base Live Oak is a branch of Trabuco canyon There was no immediate news of the bodys condition or of how the little girl died The girl vanished Saturday from a theater in nearby Buena Park Soon after a 34yearold guitar player Henry Ford McCracken s booked on suspicion of kid naping He denied having seen the girl but Sheriff James Musick says witnesses have identified him as the man who left the theater with the girl and took her to his motel room where bloodsplat tered walls were found McCrackens attorney George Chula said Thursday he is strongly considering a plea of innocent by reason of insanity if iis client is indicted Friday Dis rict Attorney James Davis says ic will ask the indictment for murder kidnaping and morals of fense Business Places Must Post Ceilings DCS Moines business places engaged in personal serv ces must post their ceiling prices UN Tanks Divide Enemy Chinese Retreat U S Reports Living Cost Levels Off Index Shows Small Increase By JAMES MAKLOW Washington cost o living has practically come to standstill for the first time sine the outbreak of the Korean wa last June That statement is based on a re port by the governments bureai of labor statistics which ever month puts out figures on livinj costs in this country Because of the work needed ti gather the figures and apprais them this BLS report is always month behind So this latestreport show what happened to living costs be tween March 15 and April 15 Us ing a new BLS formula it showed this Living costs in that period ros only onetenth of one per cenl the smallest increase in any montl since June 1950 when the Korean fighting started 56 Cities The figures vhich go into thi report are gathered by employes o BLS in 56 cities Prices in one cit usually differ a bit up or down from any other city So while the cost of food in one city may be higher or lowe than in another BLS has to figur what the average price is on al the items it checks For that reason housewives ir a city where food is high may b surprised to learn that for th country as a whole food price dropped twotenths of one pe cent in the month from March 1 to April 15 Chief reason for the food price drop was lower prices in fresl fruits and vegetables Frozen fooc prices dropped one per cent Eggs went down two per cent Mea prices went up onetenth of one per cent because while prices dipped on chickens and pork hey went up on beef veal lamb and fish But the figuring the cost of living in on more than food As part of the cost of living it also includes these major items Clothing housefurn shings fuel electricity and re frigeration miscellaneous goods and services such as theatei Prices carfare doctor bills hos jital rooms and rent And this is what the BLS had to say on those things for the nonth twotenths of one per cent house furnishings onehalf of one per cent fuel electricity and refrigeration onetenth of one per cent miscellaneous goods and services up twotenths of one per cent and 14 per cent Highest in History If you want to know where we stand on living costs in general he following figures may be of some help Living costs now are the high est in historyIn figuring living costs in recent years BLS had to choose some period when prices were considered fairly stable So t chose 193539 which it calls he base period Living costs now are 846 per cent above that base period You can understand how living costs lave risen in recent years par icularly since OPA began to die n 1946 and its controls were taken off in June of that year This will show how For most of the time between he 193539 period and 1946 be cause of the war emergency OPA sat on prices Between that base period and 1946 living costs went ip only 33i per cent But novv hey are 846 per cent higher than hat base period OPA was revived this year un der another of price tabilization slapped ts controls on prices late in Jan iary after the great upsurge fol owing the Korean outbreak in Tune 1950 BLS recently changed the way figures its living costs to ac AP Wlrephoto WHERE THE REDS ARE BEING ar rows show where UN troops are pursuing retreating communists white arrows in Korea Thursday Specific UN gains are UN troops moving to within one mile of the 38th parallel in Korangpo area reentrance into Chunchon repulse of the reds in the Soksa area From the sea the USS New Jersey shelled Yangyang bomb blast just above the parallel on the east coast Bradley Did Not Like Method of Firing Mac Extra Casualties Revealed Washington Gen Omar Bradley Thursday completed 6 days of testimony in support o he administrations Korean wai policy and President Trumans dis nissal of Gen Douglas MacAr thur But Bradley who called MacAr thurs Korean strategy proposals all wrong told investigating sen ators in his last hourin their wit less chairthat he feels the meth od of firing the far eastern com mander probably could have been landled better President Truman relieved Mac Arthur summarily on April 11 The wind up of Bradleys testi mony came on the 16th day o hearings by the senate armed services and foreign relations committees With the dismissal of Bradley as a witness the senators called a meeting for midafternoon to de cide who would be heard next Asks For Achcson Senator Hickenlooper RIowa was demanding that Secretary of Slate Acheson be called now 3lans of the chairman Senator Russell DGa had been to call other military figures first In his final day as a witness Bradley 1 Disclosed that total U S cas ualties in battle and 141955 This in ludes 72679 nonbattle casualties ind 69276 combat casualties with 0680 listed as killed in action and 612 dead of non combat auses Nonebaltle casualties are those from such things as ac cidents and illness In this case t includes also the frostbite vic ims of last winters cold 2 Testified the North Atlantic reaty nations do not have the apability right now of stopping an aggression by Russia 3 Said that while Iran is a langer point he is not too sure he Russians arc going to start omelhing in Iran before they tart it somewhere else Has No Place 4 Declared that in his opinion he issue of whether to admit red China to the United Nations should have no place in negolia Truman Afraid of 3rd World War Here Washington resident Truman expressed fear Thursday that a 3rd World war would make the United States an actual bat tleground The president al a news confer ence reviewed gravely the do mestic and foreign situation He said he 3rd World was afraid that a war would hurl the with the United States an actual battlefront and with wide destruc tion throughout the country The president volunteered a lengthy discussion of his general aims and policies after denying a frequently published report thai he is in a cocky mood He said he is not cocky at all but that he is working as hard as possible in behalf of policies which he believes will lead to en during peace and prevent a 3rd World war After expressing his belief that anotherglobal conflict take us back to the dark ages the president listened thoughtfully to a reporter who wanted to know whether this country did not pos sess the intelligenceand energy to keep us from flipping back nto the dark ages even if we do lave another war The president said he hoped his was true but the American people should remember that if another world war develops this country will find itself in quite a different position from war II Reds Lose Important Road Hub By TOM STONE Tokyo great allied tank force smashedacross Koreas 38th parallel Thursday in a bold 13 mile drive that split retreating Chinese armies The powerful force fought through red screening troops and seized Choyang river crossings in Red Korea The daring move cut the escape route for reds still south of 38 on the eastcentral front expect great things of this effort said Lt Gen Edward M Almond who planned and directed the operation Smaller American task forces retook Chunchon most important rail and road hub in central Ko rea and stabbed within less than 5 miles of the border in the west On the March Behind them the entire 8th army was on the march Lt Gen James A Van Fleet called it a redkilling counteroffensive Almonds task force was a self sustaining column of tanks ar tillery infantrymen and engineers War planes covered its operations AP Correspondent William C Barnard who watched the oper ation called it a tremendous move perhaps the boldest stroke of the Korean war The enemy has committed the unpardonable sin of elongating himself Almond told assembled top commanders of his 10th corps as he launched the strike The enemy is like a boxer reeling to the edge of the ring and we want to clip him agalrflftlore he bounces off the ropes Hall of Fire The armored column shoved off into a hail of Chinese fire even as the reds were rushing in troops to reinforce their rear guards A UN officer said the reds were trying to slow up the hardhitting allied task forces to keep them from cutting off the red line of retreat All along the 125mile line armored and red thrusts Korean caught Chinese troops by sur prise The American force which took the key roadrail hub of Chunchon caught 500 reds dog trotting to the north It mowed them down But no other action approached the scope of the great column stretching as far as the eye tould see Almond directed its jumpoff from a helicopter Chinese troops were firing on the lead tank before the full armored and infantry column was on its way Almond changed to a light plane to watch the tanks battle with a Chinese holding force up the road Fushcs Back The task force pushedback up the line of the reds most power ful offensive thrust fighting as it rumbled along It reached the banks of the Choyang river in North Korea Field dispatches did not pinpoint it but presumably the task force thrust up the road from Hangye to Inje Other units in Almonds com mand gained more than 3 miles Often they fought stiff actions with red rear guards Chunchon is on the western flank of this sector 45 miles north east of Seoul Americans driving The United States he said would be an actual battlefront with destruction spread upon the lation as other countries suffered n World war II World into the town reported they cap tured more enemy than we could ind file a statement of the prices and now issues two tables The with the DCS Moines office of priccjlatcr one is called the new index stabilization on or before June was the one followed here A J Loveland director of Des Moines OPS office has nounccd Possible Peace Move Is Relayed By BRUCE W MUNN i ii IIVHJ iv i VnitcA Nations N T ount for changed buying habits a settlement of the KoreanSweden relayed information to the Perfect Attendance Award Winner Absent Kankakcc 111 ff William president of the Kankakee Dions club announced at the clubs meeting Wednesday that Paul Sweeney was to receive an iward for perfect attendance dur ng the last year Sweeney was absent thciThe old index would have shown anthere was no increase at all be tween March and April not even onetenth of one per cent TO INCREASE RENTS Iowa City board and room rates at the University of Iowa will be increased 10 to 25 per cent for the next school year beginning Sept 1 The raise is the first change in dormitory rales since the fall of 1948 T M Render director of dormitories said war Senator Wiiey asked handle Nevertheless the tank and infantry force in that sector pushed on across the Choyang river and headed north South Koreans cleaning up the area south of Chunchon advanced 6J miles Americans who had recaptured Kapyong 32 miles northeast of Seoul struck north along the highway toward Hwachon in red Korea On their western flank British and Canadians advanced nearly 6 miles without finding any reds Spread Begins UN forces slowed up on the western front where the spread ing allied advance began Americans straightened their United Nations two weeks agolines around Uijongbu north of from a Russian source Bradley Do you think that Gcnikremlin would consider that the i Seoul Tank forces probing north a settleward ran into an ambush less than eral MacAvthur was treated inmicnt of the Korean war along6 miles from the border Long Tom the way he should have becnthe 38th parallel as acceptable itartillery and 155 millimeters itHtn 11o was disclosed Thursday iopenecl up on the Chinese But the Swedes were unable South Koreans farther west say whether the Russian source only 1 miles from the border was official or was in a positionhunted down hidinc reds to reflect accurately the kremlins Allied bombers and fighters fly treated in handling this matter Bradley replied From a mili tary point of view I agree that he should have been relieved As to the method of relief I agree that it probably could have been handled better CELEBRATES ANNIVERSARY Iowa City Dr Virgil M Handler celebrated his 10th anni sentimcnt toward a Korean settlement Ambassador Sven Grafstrom war ing ahead of the advance blasted the ChorwonKumhwaHwachon chief of the Swedish delegation who also is a member of the UNs 3rnan good offices committee said the information was sent to triangle in red Korea This was the buildup area for the reds May 16 offensive Van Fleet said that offensive ended in complete failure but the com vcrsary as president of the Unijhim by Swedish Foreign Ministcrimunists still have power to strike versily of Iowa Thursday Osten Unden again
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