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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 24, 1951, Mason City, Iowa                                Ndrth Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSfAMt THAT ALL NOftTN IOWANS HOME EDITION VOL LV1I Associated Preu and United Pr Hv MASON C1TI IOWA TUESDAY APK1L 24 1851 Paptr ol Two Gen Dawes Dies of Heart Attack at 85 Vice President Under Coolidge Chicago ff Gen Charles Gates Hell n Maria Dawes banker and statesman who won fame in many fields during his cyclonic career died suddenly Monday night The 85yearold former vice president who served under Pres ident Coolidge from 192529 died of coronary thrombosis in his sub urban Evanston home He was stricken while talking to his wife Caro Dawes who was in public life foa more than 30 years and often was the center offierce contro versies and momentous events had not been ailing a family spokes man said However he said Dawes who was chairman of the board of the City National Bank and Trust company did not go to his office Monday Dawes had been named as hon orary chairman of the committee to greet Gen MacArthur on his Chicago visit Thursday and pre sumably planned to attend the celebration Ambassador to Britain Success came to Dawes in bank Ing and utilities And he was prominent in public vice president as ambassador to Great Britain as cocreator of the Dawes plan and as the director of the governments Reconstruction Finance corpor ation He also won fame as an au thor and composer In the last decade Dawes kept pretty much out of the public spotlight He usually went to his office in La Salle street daily He adhered to a policy of no inter AP Wirephoto WAITED TOO of 3 cars in one section of Clinton waited until too late to move them The water is now almost to the top of the hoods Two railroads the Burlington and Milwaukee Have halted operations on the Iowa side of the river at Clinton Flood Damage Mounts to Millions on River PROM WIRE SERVICES The Mississippi rivers spring floods dealt further des tructive blows in the upper valley region Tuesday mounted into the millions of dollars The Red Cross said 7400 persons were homeless in Iowa Illinois and Missouri Another 24000 the Red Cross said were threatened with evacuation Wirephoto GEN CHARLES G DAWES views and declined to give his views on events past or present it wast always soAfterI World war I he won the nickname Hell n Maria from his testi mony before a house committee investigating the administration of the war departmentAnd his un derslung appeared at first glance to be upside also typified Dawes to the nation a generation1 ago It was as Hell n Maria that1 America remembers Dawes best On Price of Mules Dawes was a brigadier general with the AEFJ in France in World war I and was assigned as general purchasing officer Appearing before the house in vestigating committee he was asked Isnt it true that excessive prices were paid for mules Hell n Maria shouted the general Id have paid horse prices for sheep if the sheep could have hauled artillery Dawes who was born in Mari etta Ohio started his business life in Lincoln Nebr as a lawyer and in banking but he came to Chicago before the turn of the century After his term as vice president Dawes served as ambassador to Great Britain under President Hoover and later took over as head of the RFC Loan Questioned After he left the RFC there was much critiscism against Dawes over the RFC loan of to his tottering Central Republic Bank and Trust company during the depression The loans were an issue in the 1932 presidential campaign There was much court litigation but the bank ultimately ceased functioning and the City National Bank and Trust company took over its deposit liabilities Surviving Dawes besides his widow is a daughter Mrs Melvin B Ericson of Evanston A son Rufus drowned in 1912 when he was 21 Later General and Mrs Dawes adopted two children now Mrs Virginia Cragg of Kenilworth 111 and Dana McCutcheon Dawes of Marcngo 111 Funeral services have not been announced by the flood waters Men worked throughout the night insome of the Iowa and Illinois river towns endangered by the swirling waters from the big stream Some rain and warm er weather was forecast for the area Tuesday Iowa Dubuque Clinton Muscatine Port Louisa and little the angry waters The crest which h i t Dubuque Sunday is moving downstream with Clin ton Davenport and Muscatine the next major cities to face the on slaught The river had crested at Clin ton at 2052 feet slightly under a record mark of 209 feet onJune 25U880 Disappointed l AL Red Cross official said Clin ton residents were irked be cause the river failed to set a new recordi They wanted to beat that old record arid now they didnt dp itand they still have all this messtocleanup the official said Itlltake us months The damage will run into the thou sands An estimated 1000 families had fled their homes at Clinton and another 4000 had water in their basements Fifty per cent of the citysstreetshad sections blocked off because of floodwater backed up in sewers About 1800 Clin ton residents received innocula tions against typhoid fever and all were warned not to drink well water even though it had been boiled The citys water supply was kept clean Most of the Clinton refugees fled either to Red Cross ency shelters or to the homes of friends and relatives an official said Many North lowans will recall seeing and hearing Charles G Dawes speaking at the Mason City armory Oct 7 1924 at the time he was the republican nom inee for vice president Five thousand persons heard him on that occasion the over Surrounded The 800 residents of Sabula 16 miles north of Clinton are wag ing a grim fight against the flood The town is surrounded by wa ter except for two highways which lead in on raised grades Sixty per cent of the town is re ported below the level of the river and in many places the town is 8 to 10 feet below Work on two onem i 1 e long levees which protect Sabula on the north and south continued throughout the night Schools were closed to allow youths to help work on the levees Mayor George Ulmer expressed optimism that the town will pull through There are only 3 or 4 families gone from town he said Were staying right here and fighting it out Levees Hold At Muscatine a town of 20000 population the river was at 203 feet and was expected to crest at 215 feet Thursday All levees be tween Muscatine and Port Louisa are holding but water is over highway 61 at some places Water near the top of the levees at Drury 111 across the river from Muscatine Dikes were be ing extended to New Boston 111 further downstream The crest at Davenport is due Wednesday but already 240 city blocks are under water The stage was 177 feet and rising slowly The Milwaukee and Burlington railroads halted operations on the Iowa side of the river between Davenport and Clinton There are more than 135 city flow crowd outside listening to the speech by loud speaker Dawes who was introduced by Harvey J Bryant took a blast at Senator Robert LaFollcttes crit icism of the supreme court and opined the political cowardice of the times A group of Cerro Gordo county republicans boarded the Dawes special at Northwood and rode into Mason City with the candi date blocks inundated in Dubuque but the waters have remained sta tionary for the last 12 hours Army engineers in Missouri told Governor ForrestSmith the river might force 400 persons from their homes at Canton by Thursday As the floods moved down stream workmen in river towns in Wisconsin and Minnesota started the cleanup job But at Prairie du ChiehWis and La Crosse Wis hundreds were not expected to be able to return to their homes for several days Conditions werereported im proved in Minnesota river cities Legislature in Adjournment DCS Moines 1951 Iowa legislature adjourned finally and formally at p m Tuesday Only 10 3 senators in addition tpltheitprej siding officers were preserit to witness the final gavel fall The others of the 158 legisla tors went home last Friday when billpassing cameto an end Although it was p m by a check of watches the clocks in the house and senate chambers showed 5 p m The records of the session will show that the last day was April 17 The clocks were stopped on that date be cause that marked the traditional 100th day of the session Everything done since that date was recorded as havingbeen done on that day The committees appointed to notify Gov WiDiam S Beardsley that the two houses were ready to adjourn brought back his preciation for your courtesies and good The house members and em ployes present gatfiered about a piano to sing Auld Lang Syne as a final gesture of the session French Parachutists Attack Communists Nice France commu nist party headquarters in this French riviera city were attacked early Tuesday by a band of about 15 men armed with machine pis tols police said Five wore French parachute division uniforms The band beat up three watch men one so badly he was hos pitalized Pistols were fired at windows without wounding anyi body About The WEATHER Mason with showers and occasional thunderstorms through Wednesday Low Tues day night 40 High Wednesday 48 Iowa Cloudy with occasional showers or thunderstorms through Wednesday Low Tues day night 42 to 47 High Wednes day 50 to 55 Further outlook Showers ending Thursday Fair Thursday night and Friday with little change in temperature Showers likely Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy north mostly cloudy with scattered showers south Tuesday night and Wednesday Not much change in temperature Low Tuesday night 2530 extreme north near 40 extreme south High Wednesday 4550 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 55 Minimum 38 At 8 a m 39 Precipitation 21 YEAR AGO Maximum Sfl Minimum 40 Government Asked Censor of Mac Speech Reports General Received Request By H D QUIGG New York Douglas MacArthur stayed out ofsight again Tuesday but was busy mak ing plans for his midwestern pub lic appearances later this week Chicago will give the deposed far eastern commander two pa rades Thursday and a gigantic civic reception at Soldiers where MacArthur will make a 10 or 15minute speech I would not rate it as a ma jor Maj Gen Courtney Whitney MacArthurs secretary said Radio Commentator Henry 1 Taylor reported Monday night that MacArthur almost did not make his historic address to con gress last Thursday Taylor said over the American Broadcasting company network that MacArthur had received an official directive from Washington at 9 a m Wednesday which said the address had to be cleared byhis superiors Wanted Order After MacArthur insisted that the directive besubmitted as an or de rj the message was with and the general gave his speech without interference Tay lor said At 9oclock in the morning April the Taylor said General MacArthur re ceived a radio message from Washington through official com munication channels At his level he had to construe that it was authorized by Secretary Marshall Dean Acheson or President Tru man This official radiogram direct ed General MacArthur to remem ber before he spoke to congress that F whatever he said should be cleared with the powers that be in Washington D C in short at 9 a m he got the gag Not the Intent General MacArthur replied at once to the message He asked that ihe message as delivered be put in the form of anorder He was prepared to meet the order He was prepared to state that when invited to come from Tokyo to address a joint meeting of the congress he could not believe it was the intention of congress or the will of the American people that his report be censored or gagged in advance Whitney said MacArthur would return to Washington next week to appear before a congressional investigation committee The generals secretary also said MacArthur and his wife Jean would observe their 14th wedding anniversary Monday in Murfreesboro Tenn Mrs Mac Arthurs home town They will fly back to New York Monday night Whitney said but Mrs MacArthur and their 13 yearold son Arthur may return to Murfreesboro later for a longer visit Answers Mail Although MacArthur has nol budged from the WaldorfAstoria tower in 4 days he has not been whiling away the time The general has concentrated on answering his mail working on his next speech and reading about the Korean war It was about the hostilities in the far east that MacArthur and Francis Cardinal Spellman o c c u p i e d themselves in a noontime cha Monday The MacArthur party will re main in Chicago Thursday night and motor to Milwaukee early Friday morning There MacAr thur will speak at Marquette uni versity and receive an honorary degree The party will fly back to New York Friday night Uncle Sam Wins Out Fort Worth Tex UR Nolty Cox was caught in the middle by federal and state court jury sum monses Both ordered him to re port at the same time The district court summons took precedence because it was delivered 1st offi cials decided Reds Drive Deeper in Decisive Korean Fight Senate Probe Into Firing Begins May 3 Up to General If Hearing Open By JACK BELL Washington senate in quiryinto the Gen Douglas MacArthur and related foreign policies will begin Thurs day May3 Chairman Russell DGa of the senate armed services commit tee announced the date Tuesday and said it is his plan to hear MacArthur at a closeddoor ses sion But there will be an open or public hearing if the general expresses a desire Russell added Senate democra tic and public hearings as far as possible Senator McFarland of Arizona the democratic leader told re porters he favors making public all except vital securityinforma tion More to Gain We will gain more toward achieving national unity than we will lose by having the enemy find out some confidential infor mation McFarland said Senator Taft of Ohio chairman of the senate republican policy committee agreed Taft said he hopes the story will be told but that there may be some military secrets which can be confided only in closed sessions Taft who heads the senate re publican policy committee has given general support to the de posed Pacific commanders pro posals for blockading red China operating United Nations planes over Manchilria and using Chi nese nationalist troops Senator McMahon who heads the senatehouse atomic committee launched the newest attack on MacArthurs strategy with a declaration it would risk the possibility of World war III when the United States is unprepared for it Fears ABotnbing In an address prepared for the senate McMahon said the capitol may be blown to smithereens next week by atomic bombs if America follows the wrong policy in Asia McMahon said if the Mac Arthur policies are followed they might action set off a chain of soviet and American counter action leading quickly to the 3rd war even though neither side sired fullscale hostilities he urged support for Mr Trumansprogram of limiting the war in Korea At stake inour decisions is not merely5 a military adventure in a faroff Asiatic land Mc Mahon said At stake also is whether or not this very capitol building this very senate cham ber may be blown to smithereens next week or the week after Without once mentioning Mac Arthur by name McMahon said the general had guessed wrong not only on the beginning of the Korean war but on the interven tion there of Chinese communists McMahon declared that Mac Arthur proposes to go ahead all on our own without the support of the UN against the will of our allies in a secondary theater and with Russia able to bomb us to morrow He added if that happens an unprepared America runs the grave risk of starting World war III New Stop Light Installed at State and Pennsylvania The second of Mason Citys new traffic stop lights went into use Tuesday at State and Penn sylvania The first was at 1st S W and Washington Work con tinues on synchronizing of the stop lights on Federal avenue de spite bad weather HwmfMjni S AP Wirephoto REDS APPARENT arrows show approx imate red positions in Korea with broken arrows denoting their apparent aim in the present spring offensive against allied troops In the west the reds were driving along the YonchonUijongbu road toward Seoul Entrapment of allied troops in the Hwachon reservoir area appears to be the goal of a drive headed toward Yanggu and Inje and a lateralroad running to capital Black arrows show approximate allied positionsr Right Flank of Allied Army Bent Ridgway View Is Confident By GLENCLEMENTS Tokyo com m unist offensive Tuesday wwered approximately 10 miles into South Korea and smashed ahole in of the alliedline inwhat may be the decisive battle for Ko Ridgway Upheld Mac on Using Chiangs Men New York Douclu MacArthurs personal adviser said Tuesday the indorsement of the generals views by the joint chiefs of staff is com plete in the official record New York adviser to Gen Douglas MacArthur said Tuesday that Lieut Gen Matthew Ridgway had proposed to the Pentagonthat Chinese troops on Formosa be senfrmto battle RidgwayT succeeded MacArthur Mongolians v Seen in Use by Red Army Br JAMES E ROPER WaakiacUn have received unconfirmed reports tha Soviettrained in his far east when have entered North Korea Itwas the latterwas deposed Presi dent Truman for expressing views contrary to administration policy concerning Korea Maj Gen Courtney Whitney personal adviser to the ousted general Ridgway made the proposal after analyz ing the soon after his arrival in Korea and while MacArthur still was in supreme command Whitney said all senior officers in the far east including Lieut Gen George E Stratemeyer air commander and Vice Admiral Charles Turner Joy in charge of naval operations also favored the use of Chiang Kaisheks troops Whitney said Ridgway sent a very strong message to the Penta gon through Gen MacArthur ad vocating use of those troops to strengthen our military position MacArthur has estimated then number at about 600000 Whitney said that so far as he knew none of the military leaders on the scene had changed their opinions in the meantime May Force Raise in Circulation Prices New York newspa pers soon may be forced to raise their circulation prices speakers said Tuesday at sessions of the American Newspaper Publishers association Higher costs were cited as the reason The newspapers are still try ing to fight against raising their prices said R M Hederman Jr general manager of the Jackson Miss ClarionLedger But its hard for them to see how they can avoid it Hederman presided at a closed session of executives of newspa pers with 10000 to 50000 circu lation and later reviewed the dis cussion for reporters No Mandate to Enforce Liquor Laws Larson Soys Des Moines Gen eral Robert L Larson said Tues day the failure of the legislature and to do anything about beer liquor enforcement would to be a mandate to stay out that field He also made it clear that he does not intend to put on a cam paign against liquor patterned after his highly successful allout drive against gambling Larson was particularly inter ested in enactment of two bills introduced in the legislature One would have permitted state agents to enforce the beer and liquor laws throughout the stntc The other would have given district courts the power to re voke tavern licenses On convic tion of the operator of a serious seem offense Neither bill got out of of committee in either the senate or house In the closing days of the legis lature Rep W C Hendrix R said in a speech in the house that the state now expects Larson to tackle the liquor and beer problem Hendrix saidthe attorney gen eral is expected to use the same methods against beer and liquor law violators that he used in eliminating commercial gambling a j As nearly onehalf million battleseasoned reds rolled up total gains of about 20 miles in 3 supreme commander declared Tne battle is joined It may well prove decisive The area of the deepest pen etration of South Korea was not pinpointed But it was in the center that a hole torn in the al lied line caused the UN command greatest concern Communist tr o o p s streamed through the gap and bent back the right flank of the allied line They were striking savagely with the aim of breaking up the meal unitsA learned Tuesday Some of the troops were said to be from inner Mongolia which is under Chinese influence Other troops were said to be from outer Mongolia which is virtually part of Russia The repoits are not firm enough to justify United States military or diplomatic action Neverthe less they fall into a pattern that has caused anxiety to rise from JUyburn The reports recalled House Speaker Sam recenl warning that troops other than Chinese were massing on the Manchurian border He said the nabon the greatest danger of an expanded war since World war II At the same time many congressmen said Rayburn was crying wolf to prod passage of a draft bill but his remarks in creased war tension m the capi tal Lt Gen James A Van Fleet United Nations commander in Korea warned Sunday that mis cellaneous socalled volunteers were ready for action with the communists in Korea Van Fleet did not elaborate but Washington officials said they had received these reports 1 During the winter the Rus sians trained Mongolian soldiers and also Japanese war prisoners 2 Some of the Mongolians ap parently have entered Nortfr Ko rea and are there now 3 Divisions rea South Frontline officers considered tho situation headquar ters cotanwhderr wcreX confident the rejuvenated tllledrloMti could stem the offensive Lt Matthew B Ridgway thtsjjrenadepacking shored up the lied forces before hV succeeded as supreme commander visited the Iront Ridgway said battle well may prove decisive He called it the greatest red offen sive yet launched thatthe allies probably have not yet metitt full strength v On the eastern1 red Ko reans In ev They struck with surprising strength Defense of the Tnilesnorth of tht bef ore border collapsedl South Koreans gave wiy a similar the center The Korean posed the flanksJ of Reds rammed through deepen ing their wedge south of the 38th parallel Censorship withheld the precise distance Earlier in the day the Chinese had pushed 4 miles into SouthKorea And they were still forward i over the dusty hills on foot horse back T Ridgway declared It this time thatthis attack major effort by our communist enemy to drive United Nations lorcei from Korea or to destroy them regardless of thef urther destruc tion of his own troops Heavy Casualties An 8th army spokesman said 3 Two divisions of Mongolians entered North Korea early this year and then withdrew to the Manchurian side of tne Yaluriv er There they were joined by a 3rd division this one definitely from outer Mongolia It had been stationed previously at Urga the outer Mongolian capital The sol about carried combat equipment Although China claims outer Mongolia Russia dominates the area A Soviet force in 1939 fought and licked Japanese who tried to grab outer Mongolia Ever since the a has been virtually part of Russia red casualties were 10 times those of UN forces On the eastern front an officer said red1 losses PIONEER RESIDENT DIES Kcokuk services were to be held Wednesday for Joseph McNamara 76 member of a pioneer Keokuk family who died Sunday after a long illness WkiU SAME 13Z put there were 20 times those ofthe allies Field commandersdescribed the situation on the centralfront as critical But Ridgway said 1 have complete confidence Korean officials were not so confident Great columns of refu gees clogged the highways south of the central and western front AP Correspondent Jim Becker on the central front said the tired dispirited people didnt even raise their heads to see what was happening alongthe roads they plodded Twice before they had fled alongthe sameroutes from the communist advance always in decreasing numbers Pincer Move They walked down roads threat ened by a great red pincer ment Arms of the pincer were formed by Chinese pushing down the mountainous center of the penin sula and reinforced reds boring across the Imiin river in the west Elements of two attacking Chi nese divisions forced UN troops to withdraw near Korangpo atthe western end of the front Korang po is south of the 38th parallel 30 miles north of Seoul South Korean capital N UN troops hit back AP Cor respondent John Randolph re ported they were still fighting savagely at dusk Tuesday The other arm of the pincer threatened the ChunchpnStoul   

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