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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 10, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THf MtWSFAPIR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N 11 C H I 0 It S HOME EDITION man Ion 1M LVI1 Associated Press UnJted Prea Full Lease Wires Fivt Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 10 1951 This Paper Consists at Two One UN Forces Take Kimpo Airfield Inchon Japan U S Draw Pact for Defense Agreement Will Come After Peace Treaty Is Signed Tokyo ff The U S and Japan have agreed on the basic points of a defense agreement to be guaranteed by American power after a peace treaty is signed j This was apparent Saturday in carefully worded statements issued separately by special Ambassado John Foster Dulles and Prim Minister Shigeru Yoshida The oc casion was the departure of Dulle and most of a peace treaty mis sion for the Philippines Australi and New Zealand Dulles said provisional secur ity arrangements between th United States and Japan wer discussed during his twowee stay The Japanese he said hav convinced him of an overwhelm ing desire to accept America protection in the immediate post treaty period Yoshida said his government an a preponderant majority of th people warmly welcome a se curity arrangement which include stationing of United States arme forces in and about the country The prime ministers govern Hient with its unchallenged par liamentary majority will remai in power until 1953 Offers U S Backing Dulles offered the Japanest after they become free the back ing of American might to preven a vacuum of power in unarme Japan No time limit will be speci fied The arrangement will depen upon Japan willingness to under take her own defense While it lasts an attack o Japan would be considered th same as an attack on the Unite States Dulles has made clear Acceptance had been expected Only leftist minor ties have op posed American military suppor The offer actually meant a con siderable stepfor American pol icy since some European coun tries have sought but failed to re ceive similar guarantees Yoshida said the Japanese full realize our responsibility to pro tect ourselves and defend our own land and the substance an of the Japanese contribu tion will be determined to the extent of our economic anc industrial recovery Just Peace The prime minister in sumrnar izing conversations since Dulle arrived Jan 26 said We have the definite and heart warming assurance of American determination to get peace to giv Japan a just and equitable peace and to support her admittance to the United Nations Dulles also remarked the mis sion feels it has achieved a grati fying measure of understanding on the basic points of discussion He reiterated thatthe prospec tive treaty would be relatively simple and would cover only basic points It also would look for ward to Japans future member ship in the United Nations These principles have been dis cussed with other allies Union Heads Oliver Agree to End Strike Charles City and company officials Friday signed a stipulation calling for an end to the 12day strike at the Oliver corporation plant here Members of the United Electrical Workers Ind local will vote on the pro posal Sunday Meanwhile Clarence Updegraff University of Iowa professor and permanent arbitrator under the companyunion contract ruled that 2 previous work stoppages were illegal The signed stipulation calls for return of workers next Monday and for the union to officially declare its strike ended One Left of Boston Patrolmans Quads Boston JP Only one of the Allen quadruplets born prema turely 8 days still alive Saturday Little Kathleen died Friday Her sister Karen Eliza beth died last Sunday and her brother Timothy early Tuesday morning Robert Allen Jr largest of the quads at a little over 3 pounds reported doing well at Childrens Medical Center The quads were born to the wife cf Robert Allen 41 a Boston pa trolman They were 6 weeks pre mature GRIFFIS SAILS FOR SPAIN New York Griffis Saturday for Spain the first W S ambassador to that country rfnce 1945 WEATHERS ROUGH This polar bear at Park zoo in Boston told the photographer what he thought of the cold snap Hoover Talk Widens Split in Congress Washington UR Herber Hoovers warning against sendin U S troops into the quicksanc of Europs or Asia Saturday wid ened the congressional split on th controversial issue The former president said in nationwide radio speech Frida night that the U S would fall int Russias clutches if it fights th Soviet armed masses in wester Europe Mr Hoover said such ac tion could mean bankruptcy an ruin for America and the fre world Mr Hoovers recommendatio that the nation concentrate o building its air and sea rather than ground attacked and defended by legisla tors of both parties Marshall to Testify Defense Secretary George 5 Marshall and Gen Omar N Brad ley chairman of the joint chiefs o staff will have a chance to answe Mr Hoover next week The sen ate foreign relations and arme services committees announced si multaneously with his speech tha hearings on the troopsforEurop issue scheduled to begin Thurs day will be open to the public The committees probably wi invite Mr Hoover to present hi views after Marshall Bradley an Secretary of State Acheson offe the administrations case Sees Mortal Danger Sen Brien McMahon DConn said Mr Hoovers program still means the virtual abandonmen of Europe and warned that the oss of Europe would put the United States in mortal danger Sen Allen J EUender DAla agreed with Mr Hoover that m US troops should be sent unles we are dead certain our allies will fight But he added that th ormer presidents methods wil never work if we have to sit anc ivait until they put up all the troops Sen Ralph E Flanders RVt ermed Mr Hoovers strategic con epts rather naive U S airse power Flanders said would be useless if Russia gets air and ubmarine bases all along the east rn rim of the Atlantic TAFT EXPRESSES AGREEMENT WITH SPEECH BY HOOVER Chicago Taft R Ohio said Saturday he agree vith practically everything Mr Hoover said in a foreign policj peech Friday night Taft at a news conference was sked if he had read the former residents address He said he tad and added I agree withjpractically every thing he said In response to an inquiry aboul is place in the 1952 presidential licture Taft said I am not a candidate but ont say I wouldnt be a candi ate I would first like to see i majority of republicans would vant it Taft will speak at a republican inner here Saturday night His ddress will be broadcast by the Mutual Broadcasting system at 30 p m MEEK TO KANSAS STATE Manhattan K a n s Bill former Tennessee star and ssistant and backfield coach of he University of Maryland was amed head football coach at Cansas State college Saturday SAME fllf U B25 Crashes 3 Die 3 Hurt Airforce Bomber Is Wrecked at Lone Tree Lone Tree airfare twinengined B25 b o m b e crashed and burned near her Saturday and reports listed crewmen dead and 3 injured I was reported on its way back t its baseat Ogden Utah from Selfridge field Mich The civil aeronautics adminis tration communications center a Moline 111 said the plane wa bound for Cheyenne and passed westward over Moline 18 minute before the crash Four crewmen were seen bj witnesses to parachute from the plane but one was apparently killed in the fall The CAA saic the number of dead was reportec as 3 and that 3 injured crewmen including a Lt Kollesar the pilot were taken to an Iowa City hos pital The plane reported everything was okay when it passedovei Moline the CAA said Report from Lone Tree said one engine appeared to be on fire just before the crash The plane crashed 5 miles south and west of Lone Tree Henry Sievers a member of the Lone Tree fire department which was called to the scene said the crewmen killed were terribl mangled and that it was possibl to recognize only one body BOOST MILK PRICE Des Moines retail price of milk will be increased a half cent a quart here Monday to bring it to 19 cents a quart Spokesmen for Des Moines dairies said the increase was due to high er prices being paid dairy farmers in this area Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and warmer through Sunday Low Saturday night 22 High Sun day 34 owa Partly cloudy and warmer Saturday night and Sunday Low Saturday night 2832 west 2025 east High Sunday 4045 west 3238 east Further out look Low Sunday night 32 Monday rain in south rain or snow north followed by cold er High Monday 3640 Minnesota Cloudy with occasional snow north partly cloudy and warmer south Saturday night and Sunday Low Saturday night 510 extreme north 2025 extreme south High Sunday 1015 extreme north 3035 ex treme south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation fEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 15 14 05 1 snow 31 13 Avoid Land War With Russ Hoover Urges Air Sea Powe to Pour on Reds If They AttackEurope New York repub lican President Herbert Hoove warned America Friday night stop look and listen before risk ing a land war with Soviet Rus sia He said such a war risk the loss of all civilization In his 2nd major foreign policj radio speech in 6 weeks Hoove proposed instead that Americ build up air and sea power and the Soviets attack Europe pour against Russia until they hav had enough In the light of later remarks Hoover seemed to consider sue air and sea Europe will to defehd western civilizations 1st line of defense Softer Tone He appeared to soften the ton of his nowfamous Gibraltar speech of Dec 20 although he di not scrap its phil osophy President Truman after wards called isolationism The 76yearold Hoover Amer icas only living expresident de nied any isolationism in the Is speech and went out of his way again Friday night to say I am not advocating isolation ism but if other nations shoulc fail we may be isolated by fore of circumstances and against our will Said Hoover Recently l proposed that if th nations of Europe failed w should as a prudent nation hav in mind a 2nd line of air ani naval defense based upon the for eign shores of the Pacific and At lantic oceans both north and soutt and I may add the Mediterranean and Indian ocean Lines of Defense In his Dec 20 speech Hoove made no mention of any 1st o 2nd line of Hevsaid then The foundation of ourriationa policies must be tb preserve fo he world this western heiriispher Sibraltar of western civilization We can without any measure o doubtwith pur own air and nava forces hold the Atlantic and Pa cific oceans with one frontier on Britain if she wishes to coop the other on Japan For mosa aiid the Phlippines He did not at that time mention the Indian ocean or the Mediter In his 30minute address Frida night Hoover suggested a 10 o i n t foreign policy program based on the following ideas Ideas Listed 1 Production emphasis on air and naval strength and munitions not on land armies 2 Use of such power against lussia if the Europeans are at acked until they Russia have lad enough 3 Supplying of munitions to lations that are doing their ut most to defend themselves 4 Barring the creation of land rmies for expeditions into the uicksands of either Europe or hina 5 Watchful waiting for evi dence of Europes developing mili ary strength and unity before ommitting any more troops to the ontinent 6 A reduction of national pending to a level we can carry ver a long term of years 7 The defense of Formosa the Philippines and Japan by air and ea plus a call by the United Na ions for a stop cf supplies sent to ed China by the noncommunist ations plus the freeing of Chi ng Kaishek to do what he wishes to China and furnish him vith munitions 8 Full independence of Japan nd western Germany the sooner he better 9 The 2nd line of air and naval efense based on the Atlantic Pa ific and Indian oceans and the lediterranean sea 10 Recovery by congress of its constitutional authority over tarting wars NORTH KOMA 38 AP Wlrephoto RED RESISTANCE arrows indicate allied advances in the Seoul area Saturday UN forces captured Inchon Kimpo airfield and Yongdungpo and reached the Han river at at least two points southeast of Seoul North west of Ichon they met their only organized resistance black A South Korean unit sent a patrol into the southern outskirts of Seoul itself Draft Heads for Floor of Senate Washington defens department proposal for draftin 18yearolds appears certain t reach the senate floor It was in eluded in a bill approved Frida night by a 7 to 1 vote of the sen ate preparedness subcommittee Although the measure still mus clear the senate armed service ccmmfttee that step sefcmedcer ain since the 7 senators who votec for it in the subcommittee forii majority in the 13man armei services group The subcommittee added severa restrictions and modifications tc he broad plan urged by Defense Secretary Marshall to build up the nations fighting manpower and rovide a longterm reserve Young men of 18 have never een drafted in peacetime Ant tiff opposition to the plan has de reloped in both the senate anc house because of many protests especially from parents and edu ators The house armed services com mittee is worIcing on a similar measure with public hearings uspended for the time being Morse Wants Changes Senator Morse who oted against the subcommittee ill issued a statement indicating e willcontinue to fight for some urther changes One provision the group inserteo the measure would authorize rrny enlistment during the next years of up to 125000 carefully elected aliens Chairman Lyndon Johnson D ex told reporters this move was ot intended as any substitute ordrafting 18 year olds It is in ddition to other features for uilding up our forces Johnson aid Major provision approved by the enate group would 1 Lower the present minimum raft age from 19 years to 18 but equire local draft boards 1st to all up all available men in their resent manpower pools of 19 hrough 25 years This would ef ect thousands of childless married len who are not veterans 2 Extend present required serv e of 21 months to 24 months ex usive of leave With leave this mounts to 26 months and one eek The Pentagon had asked a ilnimum of 27 months 3 Establish a universal military aining and service program on permanent basis to succeed the present selective service act whit is due to expire July 9 Defer 75000 In calling up 18yearolds thos nearest 19 would be drafted Is followed by those 18 years an 6 months old then 18 years and months and finally those jus turned 18 Provision would be made fo deferment of up to 75000 18year olds in each of the next 3 year to enter college after completing 4 to 6 months of basic training Basic training pay would be a month instead of the mini mum now granted recruits of al services The present rate woulc be retained however for draftee with dependents The bill also would continue the present provision that allows youths between 18 and 18 and months to join the national guarc andthus be automatically deferrec Tom the draft And it would con ue beyond July 9 the presi dential authority to extend enlist ment terms by 12 months This does not apply to drafted men Hope for Life of Deep Freeze Victim Save Limbs Chicago UR Doctors said hey dared to hope Saturday hat Mrs Dorothy Mae Stevens nay recover from the deep reeze which sent her body tem erature to 64 degrees The 23yearold Negress rallied n her fight for life early Satur ay but doctors still would not ay she was out of danger Her temperature Saturday was 008 only slightly above normal ier pulse was 100 respiration 24 nd blood pressure all just about within normal range Dr Harold Laufman of North vestern university in charge of he case said it would take 3 or days more to determine wheth r Mrs Stevens hands and feet ould be saved Friday shej viggled her toes and fingers andj Laufman said appears that icres hope for saving her DOGGY LICENSES Miami Fla UR citj og licenses which went on sale ere are shaped like fireplugs Big Prizes Seized Without a Shot Tokyo tankinfantry columns rolling north ward on the floodtide of their 17day redkilling offensive captured 3 big prizes around Seoul Saturday without fir ing a shot 1 They swept into the southwest industrial suburb of Yongdungpo 2 They raced on to the big Kimpo airfield 15 miles northwest of Seoul 3 They rumbled into the battered Yellow Sea port of Inchon 19 miles west of the old South Korean capital Where the hell are the Chinese a GI shouted as he Wonju Stand Pattern for UN Advance EDITORS NOTE Censorship obscured the dramatic story of how the U S 2nd division and its attached French and Dutch battalions broke the communist attack at Wonju in central Ko rea last month A P Corre spondent William C Barnard who covered the division from the 1st day of resistance to the last now is permitted to tell the story By WILLIAM C BARNARD Central Front Korea brilliant and bloody stand by a single allied division turned the tide of defeat in Korea and re stored the morale of the retreat ing United Nations army Probably no American French or Dutch soldier who fought the long bittercold January battle of the Wonju bulge knew he was helping to change the face of the war But he was In 8 days of subzero cold the greatly outnumbered U S 2nd division doggedly met attacks with counterattacks and killed an estimated 12000 North Korean troops an average of 1500 each day It broke the back of the red drive through Koreas central cor ridor More important still the 2nd division at the end of its 8day Battle had set the pattern of the th armys new huntandkill of ensiye with aggressive tank forces pearing the way After killing as many of the enemy as they could he tank teams pulled back to the ecurity of their own lines at lightfall Held Control of Roads Had the 2nd division failed to tand at Wonju retreat of the en ire 8th army would have been Imost a certainty For if the reds ad gained control of the central etwork of roads out of Wonju he surging communists threat ned to trap allied forces on the vestern side of the peninsula One military observer said It ook the Wonju bulge to prove the ed drive was not invincible Wonju was a typical Korean own of squatty thatched houses n a bowl of mountains It was onsidered ble On Jan ted Counterattack Reports From Korea Look Too Good Analyst Says By J M ROBERTS Jr AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Reports from Korea look too ood Circumstances are building up hich could expand the war If the present onthesurface ef ectiveness of allied firepower gainst Chinese manpower should urn out to be real and ther words if the allies appear to winning the war in ossibility of more Russian intcr ention will become a factor If the display of allied strength roves unreal and is duo to a hineso desire for breathing spell then renewal of the com munist in the light of lessons learned from the current counter attacks can be expected This latter seems very likely Despite the allied comeback and despite the general gains it has produced it still looks more like an effort to unbalance a regroup ing enemy American and allied forces In hurried if orderly retreat a few weeks ago have been slugging back up the peninsula in steady fashion since Jan 25 They have been inflicting terrific casualties on the 15 or 20 to one But the reds still have tre mendous manpower if they are willing to take the losses which the allies can inflict They have com mitted probably less than half the troops they have available in the ManchuriaKorean area MacArthur has had considerable time now to prepare behind the line of battle that has been car ried northward Top military men are expressing the belief that these preparations are sufficient that the allies cannot be thrown off the peninsula If they are not thrown off by the expected new Chinese offensive the situation might become more critical rather than less If the allies are driven south ward again and take up siege po sitions which the Chinese cannot penetrate Stalin may be satisfied to let the war rock along as is But if the next Chinese offensive leaves the allies capable of re peated counterattacks similar to the present situation communist leaders are going to face the seri ous need for aripower with which to reduce the allied base If they get it it can come only from perhaps in the form of Russianmade planes but soon thereafter because of the lack of trained Chinese personnel in the form of Russianmanned units dangerously vulner 2 without any real ressure from the enemy the 2nd etreated a few miles southward o better defense positions Then irith reinforcements of eager rench and Dutch units elements loved up Jan 8 and formed a orseshoe perimeter about 4 miles outh of Wonju Faced 80000 Reds Elements of 10 communist Ko ean divisions possibly 80000 been identified in the fonju area On Jan 10 the North oreans hurled 6 battalions at the erimeter in a furious effort to mash it Riflemen and artillery en beat off the reds and left 100 communist dead or wounded hen the attack ended While this was in progress nks and troops of the U S 9th giment moved toward Wonju om the southeast They ran into firefight routed the reds and actually reached Wonju before entered Yongdungpo One patrol crossed the froz en Han river breached the south ern gate of Seoul itself and tan gled in a brisk firefight with a company of Chinese troops inside the capital city Allied artillery and howitzer shells crumped into the capital al ready buffeted and devastated 3 times by the tides of the strange Korean war Saturday night U S andred elements exchanged shots across the Han 1st indication the reds might defend Seoul A U S 25th division intelligence officer said the Chinese are believed to have abandoned the city and left its de fense to North Koreans Planes Rake Reds Allied warplanes buzzed low in attack They spewed out napalm firebombs rockets and machine gun shells wherever pilots could flush a vanishing enemy They raked a force of 1000 reds trying to flee north across the Han Big guns of allied warships in cluding the battleship Missouri and the cruisers U S S St Paul and the British Belfast poured shells into the enemy area The warships prowling the Yel low Sea waters off Inchon The whole communist defense in the west had crumbled But the reds were making a stand in the central Korean area against the northward drive of the old U S 10th corps The 10th now was fighting as a unified element of the U S 8th army under overall command of Lt Gen Matthew B Ridgway Jets Battle Far to the north of the swift ground action S 5th air force F80 Shooting Star jets tangled in the Sinanju area with Russian made MIG15 jets No damage to either side was reported The MIGs showed up in force for the 1st time in days Three flights of Shooting Star pilots re ported the MIG attacks There were 12 Russianmade jets in 1 flight 7 or 8 in a 2nd and an un reported number in the 3rd American B29s plastered red rail bridges near the red Korean capital of Pyongyang with 64 one ton blockbusters Other Super forts hit the rail yards and bridges at Sunchon about 30 miles north of Pyongyang The lightning ground thrusts on the western front started at dawn Saturday United Nations tanks and men crunched over new snow and raced to their objectives This was the timetable of the biggest allied day of the war this year Enter Yongdungpo a division infan try entered Yongdungpo big in dustrial suburb of Seoul Twenty Chinese fled across the frozen marshes Three were captured a South Korean patrol crossed the Han and fought through the south gate into Seoul p Col Tom Dol pulling out This type of operation was to be repeated again and again before January was over Fighter Planes Help The North Koreans massed for new attack on the perimeter Jan 11 Next day with the tem peratures down to 10 degrees be low zero the reds sent two regi ments storming at the allied bulge This time 50 fighter planes helped break up the attacking reds On Jan 13 the North Koreans came back again in suicidal charges before dawn Commu nist dead piled up in front of the jerimeters smoking gun positions and the lines stood fast The temperature that day was 25 degrees below zero Snow was a foot deep Next day it had warmed up to 20 below and there was continued fighting But the cds evidently had no more trength for another real effort ROBBERIES BY JUVENILES Council Bluffs a bird of the thefts reported here during 1950 were by juveniles under 16 art annual report re eased by Police Chief Earl Miller hows vins 27th regiment with American and British tanks in support rolled on to the big air base at Kimpo Vanguards pushed on northwest along the SeoulInchon corridor 5 p infantrymen ot the U S 25th division with light tanks for firepower capped a 25 mile dash from the south by en tering battered Inchon Guns ot the Missouri laid down a shield of fire for the allied force Fleeing reds left rOads heavily mined But We didnt find a single enemy and not a shot was fired said Capt Charles Fryant of Dallas commander of tHfe recon naissance company Reds Pulling Back All along the western front the reds apparently were pulling back toward the old parallel 38 border It was not apparent whether they would make a stand for Seoul as they did last September when the allies landed at Inchon The allies gave up the black ened ruins of the city to the com munists Jan 4 for the 2nd time in the Korean war The reds stormed in the 1st time June 28 In 17 days of the socalled lim ited offensive that Ridgway launched Jan 25 the United Na tions forces including aggressive French British Dutch Turk Greek and Puerto Rican troops as well as the South Koreans and Americans have inflicted more than 65000 casualties on the reds SUFFERS BROKEN NECK Tama J Rogge 32 of Danbury suffered a broken neck Friday in an auto accident on highway 30 east of Vama He taken to a Marshalltown hospital
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