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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 20, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE 111111 r THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS B P VOL ASOI SATURDAY JANUARY 20 1951 hls Paper Consists of Two One Joe Stalin Hitler Alike Says Truman Both Believed in Enslavement of Common People By FRANK OBRIEN Washington Tru man Friday night declared there isnt any difference Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin anjd Hitler Mussolini and other no torious despots of history They are all just alike they believed in the enslavement of the common people Mr Tru man told a business mobilization dinner of the Society of Business Magazine editors But he added we are going to win In a conciliatory mood toward senate critics of his right to send troops to Europe Mr Truman in dicated he thinks the senators motives are the best Sure of Senate There is not a senator he said who is not just as anxious to see the U S government con tinue as a free government in the as I am And actually no matter what they say for publica tion when the times comes for action they will be right in there am just as sure of that as I itand here He declared that we are faced aggression and we are faced inflation but freedom is going to prevail in the world The president has often scored Soviet Russia as the fountain of communist imperialism but his prepared comment Friday night one of the rare occasions when he has criticized Premier Stalin by name His denunciation of Stalin as a dictator recalled that in 1948 Mr Truman referred to the soviet leader as Old Joe and called him a prisoner of the politburo Eus cias top political council Mr Truman makes a hobby of reading history and he reached back to the legendary days of an cient Rome for historical tyrants to keep Stalin company Calls on History There isnt any difference he read from a prepared text be tween Hitler and Mussolini Tar quin in ancient Rome the Ty rants in Sparta Charles the 1st of England Louis the 14th and Stalin They are all just alike Alexander the 1st of Russia was just as much a dictator as any other that ever existed They be lieved in the enslavement ofthe common people It was perhaps significant that the historical companions Mr Truman picked for Stalin all died violently or as failures after ag gressive careers Mr Truman used the 18th con tury monarch to strike without naming persons or parties critics who like former President Herbert Hoover say the United States should concentrate its defenses on a western hemi sphere Gilbraltar When Louis the 14th was try ing to be master of all Europe Mr Truman said there were men in the parliament of Great Britain who decided the best thing to do would be to withdraw to the island and wait for Louis 14th to come and get them Thank God they did not do that they met the situation and freedom pre vailed in the world Well Melt It Mr Truman added And we are going to meet it and freedom is going to prevail We are fighting for freedom for the right to worship as we please to read what we please and speak what we please the president said including the right to elect public officials of our own then to give them hell after they are elected Dictators he noted dont be lieve in that they are all for the enslavement of the indivi dual for the benefit of the state We believe the state exists for the benefit of the individual No other nation he added had ever been unselfish idealistic or as generous toward its vanquished enemies as the United States Mr Truman said he was sure the country could master the peril of inflation because I think we can control ourselves Mr Truman came to the meet Ing to help honor an old friend end neighbor of his apartment days in Washington when he was t senator The friend was Paul Wooton representative of the Chilton publications and Washing Ion correspondent for the New Orleans Times Picayune The president handed Wooton the 1st snnual silver quill award of the national business publications for outstanding meritorious serv ice to the business press UN Forced Out of Wonju Trap Reds South of City Photo by Wellen NARROW car is almost a total wreck after diving over a 20 foot cliff onto the ice of the Winnebago river at Portland Mrs Merle Everett 123 6th N E driver of the car was in Mercy hospital Saturday with head lacerations and a broken collar bone and possibly other injuries Her husband who was riding with her was unhurt Mrs Everett was coming into Portland on the road from Nora Springs when her car failed to make the turn a deputy sheriff reported It skidded sidewise for some distance and then straightened out before diving off the cliff at the old millrace Charles Alden Portland is standing beside wrecked car The couple made their way to his home nearby at 1 a m The cars momentum was slowed when it hit and snapped off the 8inch tree branch be side it the officer said Otherwise he added the car might well have disappeared through the ice in deep water SAME ln Greenfield Mother Slain at Farm Home Greenfield young mother was shot to death at her farm home Friday while her two chil dren napped in an adjoining room The body of Mrs Kathryn Ann Schrader 26 was found by her husband Glenn 28 when he re turned home iate in the afternoon Mrs Schrader was killed the day before she and her husband had planned to celebrate their 5th wed ding anniversary Deputy Sheriff Harl Dorsey said Mrs Schrader had been shot once in the abdomen and once in the left breast The cases of two 22 caliber bullets were found near the body but no gun was found No Struggle Dorsey said there was no evi dence of a struggle Mrs Schrader was dressed in slacks and a blouse and her clothing had not been dis arranged he said Adair county Sheriff Don Fos ter his deputies and 3 state agents from Des Moines were working on the case but they reported after several hours of investigation they had found virtually no clues as to who committed the slaying or the motive An autopsy was performed on the body late Friday night and early Saturday Schrader found the body of his wife in the dining room of their home The two children Janie 3J and Cynthia 9 months were asleep in the bedroom Two Men Dorsey quoted Schrader as say ing Janie told him two men had come to the house He said they had just bruoght Janie home from the hospital where she had been taken to have her appendix re moved The child apparently was un able to tell any more of what had taken place A neighbor Mrs Robert Bowen said she had talked with Mrs Schrader on the telephone about p m She said Mrs Schrader inter rupted their conversation saying wait a minute two men are coming to the house Mrs Bowen said Mrs Schrader hung up at that point One bullet was from the wall and was sent to Des Moines for ballistics tests General to Explain ABomb Remarks Washington UR Maj Gen Emmett Rosie ODonnell was expected to appear before superior officers Saturday to explain his statement that the UN should have bombed communist Chinese in stallations in Manchuria The former far eastern air force bomber commander told a news conference at March Field Cal on Thursday that UN planes should have been permitted to smack hell out of red industry in southern Manchuria ODonnell arrived here by plane late Friday night Cook Confesses Killing of 6 On His Way f o Oklahoma Trial San Diego CaL con fessed killer of 6 William E Cook Jr Is enroute Saturday to a federal courtroom where his wild bloody career may end with the death penalty The FBI said Badman Bill ad mitted slaughtering 5 members of the Carl Mosser family of Atwood 111 and Salesman Robert H Dewey of Seattle Wash all with in 5 days Holdups robbery kidnaping and killings filled the straightfor ward account of Cooks depreda tions given by E C Richardson federal bureau of investigation agent in charge here Shortly after the agents recital Friday Cook was taken away enroute to Okla homa City Lindbergh Law There he is charged under the federal Lindbergh law with kid naping the Mosser family and causing injury to them to wit Murder a crime for which the death penalty can be imposed Cook was captured in Mexico last Sunday Agent Richardson gave this ac count of the story of Badman Cook 23 a dishwasher and ex convict from Joplin Mo The crime tour began Christmas day at Blythe Cal where Cook got drunk He hitchhiked to El Paso Tex and Juarez Mex then started for his home town Joplin On Dec 30 he held up Lee Archer Tahoka Tex took his automobile abandoned it near Oklahoma City Then he encoun tered the Mosser family who were enroute to Albuquerque N Mex to visit Mossers brother At Gun Point Cook flagged down their car hopped in gun in hand and kept the family under his threatening control for 3 days He forced Mos ser to drive to Oklahoma City and to Wichita Falls Tex where Mosser attempted to yell for help at a grocery store but was thwarted Cook ordered Mosser to head for Albuquerque At Carlsbad Caverns N Mex the Mossers tried to escape whereupon Cook threatened to kill them all if they tried it again Then they went to El Paso Houston De Queen Ark Fort Smith Ark and to the out skirts of Joplin There began the worst ordeal leading to the death of Mosser 33 his wife Thelma 29 their chil dren Ronald Dean 7 Gary Carl 5 and Pamela Sue 3 It was about 2 a m Jan 2 A police car came in view Mrs Mosser became hysterical the children screamed Cook bound Mrs Mosser and the children forcing Mosser to continue driv ing The police car passed again Mrs Mosser again became hyster ical and Mosser tried to stop the car Cook shot the whole family in the automobile He dumped their bodies into an old mine shaft a couple of blocks away from his former home in Joplin The bodieswere found last Mon day HitchHiked Cook subsequently abandonee the Mosser car in Oklahoma anc returned to Blythe by bus and hitchhiking On Jan 6 Deputj Sheriff Homer Waldrip went look ing for Cook in Blythe Cook ab ducted him taking the deputys car Next he encountered Dewey 32 who had visited relatives in San Diego and was on a hunting trip in Californias Imperial val ley Cook shot Dewey to death when the salesman reached for a cigaret and Cook thought he was going for a gun Deweys body was found in Waldrips abandoned car near Ripley Cal Deweys car later was spotted in Mexico some 30 miles below the border The next day below the border Cook encountered two El Centre Cal prospectors Forrest Damron and James Burke forcing them t drive him westerly then south some 600 miles to Santa Rosalia Lower California Mex A tip to Mexican police las week set up the capture of Cook Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow ending Satur day with strong northerly wind and falling temperatures Cloudy and colder Saturday night Low 510 below Sunday partl cloudy and cold with high of 5 10 above a Snow diminishing to flur ries Saturday night Becomin much colder Saturday nighl Low Saturday night 510 below in extreme northwest South east 4 to 9 above Saturday night Clearing over most of state Sun day High 510 above north 10 15 south Northerly winds dim inishing to 1418 M P H Sun day Further outlook Colde east and central Sunday nighl Lows 16 below northwest 5 be low southeast Monday general ly fair with slowly rising tern peratures Minnesota Generally fair nortl and considerable cloudines south portion Saturday nighl Colder Sunday fair and cold low Saturday night TO20 below north but locally 2030 below in coldest spot 515 below south portion High Sunday 510 be low north around zero soutl portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 37 Minimum 19 At 8 a m 19 Precipitation 500 J inch snow YEAR AGO Maximum 10 Minimum 1 ESA Pushes Quick Wage Price Freeze Eric Johnston Takes Charge After Valentine Is Fired By STERLING F GREEN Washington Under the new leadership of Eric Johnston he socalled czar of the Holly wood movies the economic stabil ization agency pushed Saturday for a quick freeze on wages and prices Johnston 4 times president of the United States Chamber of Commerce took a leave of absence as head of the Motion Picture As sociation of America to succeed Alan Valentine as ESA adminis trator Valentine resigned Friday He had felt immediate controls were premature Forced by Wilson Mobilization Director Charles E Wilson who had forced Valen tines hand immediately began drafting an executive order for President Trumans signature giv ing Johnston broader powers The order due shortly report edly will make Johnston supervis or over the entire economic phase of mobilization Besides wages and prices his sphere will include credit control rent control and home which Valentine did not possess Speed was the byword Wil sons office of defense mobiliza tion wanted a freeze on wages and prices by next week but Price Stabilization Director Michael V DiSalle told a reporter that pure ly mechanical problems might delay action somewhat Present plans it was under stood call for an overall price freeze similar to OPAs general maximum price regulation of World war II Separate ceilings then would be worked out indus try by industry as rapidly as pos sible A rollback to Jan 1 price levels is under study Gains Authority DiSalles price office will gain greatly in authority as will the 9member wage board headed by Cyrus S Ching Each will become autonomous in its field with Johnston referring disputes and laying down general policy La bor union heads had protested that under Valentines setup any wage agreement they worked out with Chings office could have been overridden by the adminis trator without him hearing their arguments Johnston told reporters he plans to keep hands off the operating job and run a small Vinsontype agency for policy planning He was referring to the wartime of fice of economic stabilization once headed by Chief Justice Fred M Vinson Vinson had a staff of only a dozen or so persons Valentine had kept most of the operating power in his own hands He made a limited delegation of power to DiSalle who remained dissatisfied Ching declined to ac cept such limited authority for his board and held out for more Offices Split These two offices now will be split and will operate almost in dependently ESA officials said Great expansion is planned ESAs 450 workers now sharing part of a temporary building with the office of housing expediter will take over the whole building this weekend Larger quarters are being sought Mr Truman is known to have been under great pressure to re place Valentine the former presi dent of the University of Roches ter Some officials said Saturday they felt he had been dragging his feet The presidents political advis ers also arc known to have been alarmed at the tide of incoming complaints from housewives and consumers over price markups in groceries meat markets and shops DiSalle is known to believe that food prices unless checked will shoot up 8 or 10 per cent by the end of February This in turn would add 3 or 4 per cent to the entire cost of living already at an alltime high HEADS CHILD ACTIVITIES DCS Moines James Shannahan has been named to a newly created chairmanship for the exceptional child activities of the Iowa congress of parents and teachers She will represent the congress in cooperating with oth er agencies toward aiding handi capped children 53 rs KnQcA si UkhVt JSonVVI AP Wirephoto FIGHTING RAGES IN WONJU arrows indicate communist moves in the Korea fighting Saturday while open arrows locate allied pressure points Communists hit battered Wonju on 3 sides and were reported concen trating in strength west of Ichon An allied patrol entered Pyongchon Patrol skirmishes were numerous in the Yong wolTanyang area Earl Hall Heads Easter Seal Drive for 4th Straight Year Des the 4th con secutive year W Earl Hall editor of the Mason City GlobeGazette has been chosen to head the an nual Easter Seal drive The dates for the campaign this year were announced by Hall as Feb 25 through Easter Sunday March 25 According to Hall the campaign this year will be conducted in much the same fashion as it has been in past years On Feb 22 almost 700000 letters containing Easter seals will be mailed to Iowa residents No quota for returns is set and no amount is suggested to anyone receiving the seals Each person is urged to use the seals and to contribute as much as he wishes to further the continued care of handicapped persons in Iowa For the Crippled Last year the money raised by the sale of Easter seals was used by the Iowa Society for Crippled Children and Adults to provide many year around services Among these services were home employment camping and recrea tion for crippled children parent counseling the Cerebral Palsy Center in Des Moines which serves the entire state and many others Mr Hall said People of Iowa have been supporting the work of the Easter seal agency for many years They know that money con tributed in this fashion provides many necessary and unduplicated services to the handicapped I know that this year as in years past lowans will prove by their generosity that they take care of their own While affiliated with the Na tional Society the Iowa Society for Crippled Children and Adults and county societies administer more than 92 per cent of all funds raised from the sale of Easter seals Procedure Meeting One of a series of 3 institutes to explain the procedure of the 1951 Easter seal sale will be held Wednesday at the Hotel Hantorcl in Mason City The 1st of these institutes was at Des Moines last Thursday and the final one will be at Cedar Rapids next Thursday Leaders of the seal sale in sur rounding counties will be here for the meeting where provisions will also be made for newspaper and radio publicity in this section of the state U S Sponsors A lone a Call to Brand China Lake Success United States Saturday submitted to the UN a formal demand that com munist China be branded an ag gressor for intervening in the Ko rean conflict The action came after the U S delegation abandoned its attempts to line up a group of cosponsors including Britain and France The delegation received orders from Washington to sponsor the pro posal alone rather than water it down too much ROGERS INDICTED Des Moines Polk coun ty srand jury Friday indicted Joe Rogers 33 Collins for 1st degree murder in the hotellobby slaying of an attractive divorcee here W EARL HALL Draft Changed to Permit Finish of School Year Washington draft rules have been changed to permit stu dents called for induction to fin ish a school year and still pick their own branch in the armed forces The change eliminates a kink in the regulations which had caused many youths to drop out of college in midterm in order to enlist Heretofore receipt of a draft call has meant automatically that the student was headed for the army since the other services have been getting all their men by the vol unteer route Because of that the defense de partment said many quit their classes to volunteer even though if they waited for the draft they could finish out the term before being inducted Hereafter the student getting a draft notice may volunteer for a selected branch within the two months preceding the last month of the school term and report when the term is over For example a college youth notified of a draft call today gets deferment until March or April and may then sign up with what ever service he likes He then would finish his school term before reporting for duty The change is effective imme diately Houston Housewives in Scheme to Slice Grocery Bills Weekly Houston of the Houston Housewives League have agreed to reduce their weekly grocery bills S3 apiece They call it a semiboycott of grocery stores The league Has 1500 members It recently sent letters to Presi dent Truman and Rep Albert Thomas asking for immediate price controls based on the aver age prices charged the past two years MacArthur Says Korea Can Be Held FROM WIRE SERVICES Tokyo Allied probing troops were forced out of the key road rail hub of Wonju in central Korea Saturday by reds attacking in overwhelming numbers An Associated Press field dis patch said the reinforced allied patrol held off one attack Then as red fire subsided the allied force withdrew to positions south of the city An allied convoy bringing food to Wonju had to cut its way through a communist roadblock southeast of the city earlier It left communist dead strewn in the snow The dispatch described the fight ing in Wonju itself as intense The Reds had infiltrated UN lines 20 to 35 miles southeast of Wonju in an apparent effort to spring a trap Front dispatches said the tables had been turned and more than 2700 of the reds were killed Thursday and Friday Allied units caught the com munists in isolated groups and began to chop them up before they could assemble for their planned attack from the rear Intend to Stay The red the start of the expected communist as General Mac Artfiur arrived in Korea and said No one is going to drive us into the sea This command intends to maintain a military position in Ko rea just as long as the statesmen of the United Nations decide that we should do so MacArthur told a special news conference Quantity Unknown Barnard said communist troops in unknown numbers were on the east and west edges ofthe rubbled town and struhgalong the twisted bombed line to the northwest On the southeast side of Wonju communist troops are moving boldly in the hills he said Bar nard reentered the town with a tankled patrol Friday As MacArthur dictated his state ment of confidence from notes written on the plane trip from Tokyo allied patrols continued their hardhitting harrassment of massing reds along the front Conference The UN commander conferred for 90 minuteswith Lt Gen Mat thew B Ridgway commander of the U S 8th army before his 10 minute news conference A dispatch from AP Correspon dent Don Huth at 8th army head quarters spoke of elements of an allied division and two regiments in this mountainous sector Yong wol is 30 miles southeast of Wonju Tanyang 35 In western Korea an allied ar mored patrol continued thrusting northward in the area around Osan 28 miles southeast of Seoul An 8th army communique said the patrol went into Pyongchon two miles northeast of Osan Fri day without encountering any reds The patrol probed farther northward but withdrew after drawing small arms and automatic weapons fire Concentration Red troops were reported con centrating in battalion and com pany strength west of Inchon 31 miles southeast of Seoul Allied airpower took a heavy toll as the reds increased their movements along the western and central fronts Air force pilots claimed almost 800 Friday boost inig far east air forces total since Sunday to 3650 killed The navy announced planes from carrier task force 77 killed 2200 of 3000 reds sighted Wednes day in a valley near Tanyang round troops confirmed the fig ure the navy said Many reds were reported bur rowing in the snow to escape the owflying air force and navy pi ots Some were said to be liding in hastilymade lard for airmen to spot The U S army clung to its es timate of about 300000 Chinese in the battle zone and some 450000 others backing them up About 150000 North Koreans have regrouped and been deployed in the center of the peninsula Vishinsky Invites British French Moscow UR Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky asked the chief British and French dip lomats in Moscow to see him Sat urday The requests were sent to Brit ish Charse DAffaires Jack Nich olls and French Ambassador Yves Chataigneau
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