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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 18, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME GtOBEG HOME EDITION THS NEWSPAPER THAT MAKSS ALL NORTH IOWAN1 NEIGHBORS VOL LVII Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Five Centi a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 18 1951 This Paper Consists of Two One Senators Endorse Plan for WagePrice Control By MAX HALL Washington governments decision to go ahead speedily with nationwide price and wage controls brought applause from senators Thursday and sent officials into a whirl of lastminute preparations In the absence of any official word on exact timing the best guess seemed to be that a general price freeze probably rolling back present high lev longress Can t Stop Troop Trurtian els somewhat would come per haps within a cer tainly not much longer This was just one development In a marked speedup in defense mobilization President Truman laid down late Wednesday a national man power policy calling for volun tary measures now But he cau tioned that sweeping controls will be sought if necessary The idea is to see that defense industries and other essential undertakings get the men they need Arms Program Then too the defense depart ment outlined an pro gram to buy the arms needed now and expand production facilities On the question of pricewage controls Defense Mobilization Director Charles E Wilson laid it on the line in a Philadelphia speech Wednesday night Voluntary methods will not must be invoked The power of the law Whatever the causes for delay up to now we must proceed with courage speed and forthrightness to adopt the controls which will insure stability and fairness in our civil ian economy Need for Speed Senator Sparkman DAla said Wilson was right about the need for speed Senator Salton stall RMass commended Wil son Senator Tobey RN H ex claimed 100 per cent right Senator OConnor DMd said Long overdue As officials of the economic about like this A general price stabilization agency and other agencies explained it the govern ments plan appeared to shape up freeze is planned to slow down the rise in cost of living until detailed price ceilings can be worked out for all Items Prices will be rolled back to some extent Jan 1 has been men tioned as a possible date Wages will be frozen temporari ly or controlled under some form ula yet to be announced Most farm prices cannot be legally frozen at present levels but the order will affect food prices in every way allowable under the defense production act Rationing of goods at retail is no expected months to come for a lew Coal Industry Agrees to Pay Wage Increase Washington IP The entire soft coal industry agreed Thursday to a 160 daily wage increase for John L Lewis miners A voluntary agreement was to be signed at 2 p m C S T by all segments of the industry includ ing the reluctant Southern Coal Producers association The south ern groups leaders met while Lewis and his 200man United Mine Workers policy committee approved an agreement for the rest of the country The wage boost approximately 10 per cent will be accompanied by a price rise of about 5 per cent operators said The agreement to be initialed by Harry M Moses chief negoti ator for northern and midwestern operators including the steel com pany mines also is understood to have been approved and will be signed by the independents of the north and far west This puts the pressure on the Southern Coal Producers associa tion whose leaders were meeting to consider the raise Say Eric Johnston Headed for Post New York New York Times said Thursday that Eric Johnston was reported to have received a leave of absence as president of the Motion Picture Association of America to take a post as chief economic adviser to Director of Defense Mobili zation Charles E Wilson Johnston former president of the U S Chamber of Commerce was not immediately available for comment on the report The Mo tion Picture Association of Amer ica is the leading producers group By D HAROLD OLIVER Washington IP President Truman said Thursday he will appreciate it highly if the senate approves sending more troops to Europe but repeated he will do whatever is necessary to meet the world situation He told his news conference he is not asking the senate to take such action However he said he s happy the democratic majority is working on an affirmative resolution expressing the approval of the use of U S troops in Eu rope under Gen Dwight D Ei senhowers new western defense command The president last week insist ed he has constitutional authority as commander in chief to send additional troops to Europe with or without approval of congress The democratic move to back him up developed after Senator Wherry of Nebraska republican floor leader offered a resolution to bar sending additional troops unless congress 1st approves Welcomes Vote Senator Taft who previously had challenged Mr Trumans right to send troops without prior approval by con gress said he welcomes the op portunity for the senate to vote on the question Taft said he was not mterested in forcing the issue of the presi dents power to act but merely had been insisting on congress right to discuss this matter Wherry said the presidents ap proval of the resolution is all right as far as it goes Its only the 1st step he said Why doesnt the presideni assure congress that he will not make any committments until this matter is passed on by congress If he will do that it will clarify the situation Dispute With Reporters Mr Truman also told reporters 1 He had made his position cKar last week that he was will ing to consult with senate com mittees on the troop controversy and was willing to talk with any senator who requests it but woulc not be bound by congressional action He said his statemen then was not printed in a single newspaper in the country Re porters sharply challenged this saying his statements were print ed widely 2 The United States will press vigorously in the United Nations for a resolution to brand ret China an aggressor He said he had approved in advance Secre tary of State Achesons statemen Wednesday rejecting red Chinas counter proposal for a ceasefire in Korea and branding it con temptuous disregard of a world wide demand for peace 3 Experts are working on a new tax increase program and he hopes to send a message to con gress on it before the house way and means committee starts hear ings Feb 1 He would not com ment on a possible federal sale SAME IUf mennt no tntflt detth In M tax 4 Price wage controls will b put into effect just as fast as th machinery can be set up He saic he could not set a definite dat for such action In suggesting that reporter make sure they report the facts a he gives them at his news confer ences the president said he wa not scolding the newsmen bu just stating the facts Press Accused He accused the press not only o failure to record his consultation withcongress remarks last week but said reporters garbled his re marks of several weeks ago whei he said use of the atomic bom had always been under considera tion but he did not want to use i in Korea Asked how these remarks wer garbled Mr Truman suggeste that reporters read an account o what happened written by Joh Hersey in the New Yorker mag azine He described the Herse article as a good transcript of wha was said The president made n mention however of the clarifyin statement issued by the whit house after that press conferenc explaining what the presiden meant AP Wlrephoto AIR FORCE PRIVATE JAILED AFTER Charles Williams 18 air force private of Ravena N Y is shown on the way from jail to a hospital for treatment of his broken arm in Rutland Vt Pvt Williams has been jailed for the past two weeks under a Vermont law that he must put up cash or state property worth equal ing total damages sought in 3 civil suits filed against him The suits followed an auto accident Dec 30 in which Pvt Williams injured his arm State Administrative Agencies Scored by Commission Report Des Moines criti cism of several state administra ive agencies is contained in the complete report of the Little Soover commission on reorga nization of state government which was filed Wednesday with stand ng committees of the legislature The report contains some very blunt language about some state procedures The Little Hoover group not only recommended certain con solidations and whittling down of various bureaus and agencies but it added curt comment about ac counting and other practices Council a Target One of its targets was the state executive council composed of Iowas elective officials who head up the offices of governor secre tary auditor and treasurer of state and department of agricul Heres what the Little Hoover commission had to say about the executive council While making surveys of the various state departments your examiners have had occasion to inspect many records and books of account For downright slop piness lack of completeness and general deficiency the records of this office are without question the worst yet encountered In fact if it were not so serious it would be ludicruous That such a condition be al lowed to exist within a council composed of what should be the brains of the state is inexcusable Your examiners are of the opin ion that a competent bookkeeper or accountant should be employed to supervise the accounting of this office as well as that of the cus todian car dispatcher and the printing board Special Comment Other offices which drew spe cial comment from the reorganiza tion commission were those of ad jutant general the liquor control commission the superintendent of public instruction the board of control and the department of health The commission cited wnai claimed were expensive and un business like handling of state armory facilities and rentals and loose accounting for monies turned over to commanding of ficers to meet expenses of na tional guard units It was noted however that efforts had been made in the adjutant generals of fice to remedy things compamed Overstaffed The little Hoover group said the present 3 member liquor con trol commission setup was not adapted to good administration that it should have a single di rector and an advisory board that a private trucking firm could not exist under the trucking methods the commission uses to haul liquor from it warehouse to state stores As for liquor commission per sonnel the reorganization group added It is a well known fact that the retail liquor stores are greatlj overstaffed and it is apparent tha his is true to a lesser degree in the central office and warehouse This is evidently due to the man ner in which personnel is securec and the sources from which it is derived The report added the commis sion should hire a personnel man ager to screen all employes anc weed out the dead timber I also added that any program fo stocking up on liquor should bi the product of sound judgmen flavored with a dash of caution The group recommended tha the superintendent of public in struction be made an appointive instead of an elective official un der a new state board of educa tion and that better accounting practices be adopted The report said It is apparent that the last fev years under Superintendent Jes sie Parker have seen greater an jreater concentration of authoritj over the regulation of the publi school system in the office of su perintendent Such tendency is no in keeping with objects and aim of our form of government There fore your examiners urge seriou consideration be given to a recom mendation that would return t the local boards and county super intendents more authority and freer hand in the supervision o their schools Taken to Task The report took members of th board of control to task for what said was spending too much tim in Des Moines and not enough vis iting the various state institution under their supervision The little Hoover group referre to the boards chief psychiatris Dr Charles C Graves Jr as th highest paid member or employ of the board He receives a year It is quiteapparent to you examiners the report said tha he does not confine himself psychiatric work but usurps auth ority which should be invested i the board and attempts to dictati the general policies of the institu tions and in some instances doe He wrote a letter to all the institu tions advising them to spend a balances remaining in the appro priations at thn end of the bien nium Oldtime Movie Cowboy Jack Holt Seriously III Hollywood Mov ie Cowboy Jack Holt 62 was re ported seriously ill Thursday wit a heart ailment Holt one of Hollywoods few sagebrush actors who actually ha been a working cattlehand sul fered two heart attacks in the las month Draft DMT Law Is Asked Committee Changes Made by Nicholas By ROBERT HOGAN Iowa Daily Press Writer Des Moines it Gov W H Nicholas assumed lis responsibilities as president of he senate he told his colleagues hat hed probably make some mistakes He advised however hat theyd be honest ones and he would do all he could to rectify any miscues Nicholas last Thursday made he important senate committee appointments for the present ses ion It now develops that there lave been 25 alterations in the original assignments The changes popped up in the cor rected senate journal report of proceedings He apparently is mending some oversights Dissatisfaction The changes which include ad ditions to committees and a few switches in assignments point up he dissatisfaction registered by ome senators over the assign ments Several were openly irritated over the original committees al eging that seniority and tradition were overlooked in some of the important posts There is talk that experience and backgrounds of many was completely overlooked in several of the assignments One senator said he felt Nich olas had been completely mis advised on many of his appoint ments He pointed out that Nich olas being a new man couldnt be expected to know the senate personnel but added that those senators who advised him on the committee posts certainly must have misled him A senator removed from one committee and placed on another said that its unusual of course to change committee assignments but it has been done before Be said he was glad to see the lieu tenant governor rectifying the oversights AntiBeardsley Much of the dissatisfaction has cropped out among senators gen erally regarded as belonging to the antiBeardsley forces This cannot be said of all those in volved in the changes however Additions were made to the im portant appropriations and way and means committees Senators Berg of Cedar Falls Hattery of Nevada Henningson of Clinton Lynes of Plainfield and White head ofPerry were added to the appropriations group and Sen ators Augustine of Oskaloosa and McCarville of Fort Dodge were added to ways and means Other changes were made in the following committees Cities and towns conservation high ways interstate cooperation Iowa development motor vehicles public utilities schools and edu cational institutions and social se curity vious week The department Yank Casualties Rise by 2424 in Single Week Washington o t a 1 an nounced U S combat casualties in Korea rose to 45137 Thursday The total disclosed by the de partment of defense was based on notifications to next of km through Jan 12 It was 2424 more than the figure for the pre listed 6509 killed 29951 wounded and 8 677 missing in action The wounded total includes 77 who have since died of wounds Total deaths reached 7303 in cluding deaths from wounds and 22 known dead among the miss ing in action The missing figure also includes 822 men who have since re turned to American control and 108 known prisoners of war Total army casualties reached 36958 including 5208 killed 23 544 wounded and 8204 missing Marine casualties stand at 7 332 including 1116 killed 6008 wounded and 208 missing Cumulative navy casualties reached 496 and 56 killed 372 wounded and 68 missing AP Wircphoto WHERE REDS MASS line with jutting arrows shows where a 90000man communist force is believed to be building up for an expected assault against the allies in southern Korea UN probing forces fought a fierce bat tle with Chinese defenders inside Kumyangjang Other wise the front was quiet Local Clashes Precede Expected Big Red Push By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo troops battled a strong force of Chi nese reds Thursday night in a brief but fierce local clash on the Korean western front Allied commanders expected a general communist offen sive may come at any time All hell might break loose soon an officer said A UN raider patrol one of several exploring the strength of enemy troops massed all along the battle front jabbed in and out of Kumyangjang 25 miles southeast of Seoul Withdraw Safely The commander of the allied motorized patrol said he met strong resistance in Kumyangjang and called for air support when it appeared his troops were being flanked But after 90 minutes of tough fighting he said both his patrol units had safely withdrawn from the battered town Associated Press Correspondent Jim Becker re ported The Kumyangjang battle was the heaviest action reported by allied patrols prowling the farflung lines during the day They pene trated as far as abandoned Won ju 26 miles north of Chungju a road hub in UN hands An ominous quiet prevailed in most sectors but there was abun dant evidence of heavy red troop concentrations A preoffensive buildup of ene my troops became evidence Wed nesday night when U S 5th air force B26 bombers sighted 6 red troop trains and attacked 5 Pilots claimed one was destroyed and 4 others damaged Red China Convoys Highway convoys totaling more than 400 red vehicles likewise were spotted and attacked on roads leading to central and western fronts Red China Wednesday rejected the latest UN ceasefire proposal A rough outline of enemy posi tions was drawn by accounts of patrol activity The line slants southeast from Seoul to Yongwol 97 miles from the fireblackened South Korean capital Yongwol is 33 miles northeast of Chungju road junction city held by the al lies Red deployments appear to be designed to cut off 8th army forces strung out from western Korea toward the old Pusan fron tier on the southeastern tip of the peninsula Specifically patrol activity re ports indicate communist forces are stretched from a 90000man force south of Seoul to Suwon 17 air miles south of Seoul and then east through Ichon and down to Yongwol a mining town Roam at Will The allied patrols roamed at will through enemy front lines meeting only light opposition Thursday except at Kumyang Jang Far east air forces plane bombed the lines and ranged fa behind the enemy front in ques of supplies to destroy and rei troops to kill Several small skirmishes wer reported on the ground One TIN patrol poked in and out of Wonju which was abandoned Monday by the U S 2nd division an found the rubbled city empty PROMINENT FARMER DIE Storm Lake H Winter 63 prominent Buen Vista county farmer died in a Sioux City Iowa hospital Wed nesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and turning colder Thursday night with low near 18 Cloudy and colder Fri day with high near 30 Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursdaj night and Friday Colder north Thursday night and over entire state Friday Northeast wind in north portion Thursday night and east to northeast wind 1015 MPH entire state Fri day Low Thursday night 15 ti 20 extreme north near 30 ex treme south High Friday 25 It 30 north 40 to 50 south er outlook Mostly cloudy with rain or snow south portion Fri day night Turning colder Sat urday with rain or snow end ing in east Low Friday nigh 10 north 27 south High Sat urday 20 north 40 south Minnesota Cold wave northwes and extreme north Thursdaj night with temperature falling to zero to 10 below north por tion 515 above south portion Thursday night Mostly cloudy colder entire state Thursday night and Friday Occasiona snow flurries north portion High Friday zero to 10 above north except higher near Lake Superior 1020 above south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m 41 27 27 Government Says People Hoard Billion Pounds of Meat i mn milrf VIP tlirnnnhmit the ccjntrv These By OVID A MARTIN Washington VP Government food officials said Thursday up wards of 1000000000 pounds of meat may oe stashed away in family freeze units and lockers in anticipation of rationing That quantity is equal to about a two weeks supply for the na tion The heavy market demand for meat indicates there has been considerable buying In recent weeks above daytoday table needs agriculture department of ficials said The department said if con sumers use somewhat more than half their deepfreexer and lock er space tor meat they would have room for at least 1000000 000 pounds on hand now Talk of meat rationing has been heard in connection with govern ment plans to control prices Of ficialshave said rationing would be necessary to make price con trols work Without rationing they said meat would tend to go in large quantities to those nearest production centers with those some distance away getting onlv small supplies Officials told a reporter it was safe to assume talk of possible rationing has encouraged many to store extra supplies in freeze units What to do about freezerunits supplies under rationing is a prob lem causing officials a lot of worry The longerthe delay m imposing controls the more meat is likely to be stored away If rationingis ordered con sumers undoubtedly will be re quired to state In tneir applica tions for ration cards how much meat they have on hand This quantity would be deducted from their ration allowances But officials acknowledge that not all the stored meat would be declared In addition to the home freeze units there are more than 30 000000 refrigerators in American homes More than half arc esti mated to have compartments capa ble of storing meats for long pe riods The department says there also are more than 5000000 lockers available in freezer locker plants throughout the country These lockers are used principally b farmers and other rural residents The combined space for storage units available to frigerators home freeze units ant temperatures low enough for safe storage of mea was estimated to be considerablj larger than the volume of spac used for meat in commercial cold storage houses Every Single NonVeteran Is Affected Would Extend Period of Service From 21 to 27 Months Washington UP Maj Gen ewis B Hershey Thursday asked congress for an indefinite exten ion of the draft law with author ty to induct men from 18 through 25 years This is not an emergency shot n the arm he told the senate armed services preparedness sub committee Hershey who has operated the service system for 10 ears gave full support to the ward universal military service and training bill sent to congress ate Wednesday by Secretary of Defense Marshall It is the best act we can hope for at the present time he told Chairman Lyndon Johnson D Texas of the senate group Bill Introduced Even before General Hershey had completed his testimony John son left to introduce the UMT measure on the senate floor Johnson offered it in behalf of all 13 members of the senate armed services committee as a substitute for the 1st bill offered this session That was a univer sal military training bill expected to operate when the present emer gency ends Hershey said military manpow er plans must be based on the assumption that the nation will be in a critical period for an in definite length of time and that allout war will be a possibility for at least the immediate fu ture In addition to supporting the plan for lowering the present min imum induction age from 19 to 18 Hershey also backed the re quest to lengthen service by draftees from 21 to 27 months Even that may not be long enough he said To Meet Needs To meet expanding military manpower needs Hershey said men from 18 through 25 who are unmarried do not have World war II service and are not fathers should be called If this fails to fill needs he said the following should be drafted in this order First nonfathers nonveterans 1825 inclusive Second nonfathers veterans whose service was subsequent to Sept 2 1945 to be taken 1st then the same group whose service was prior to September 2 1945 Third fathers both nonveter ans and veterans 1925 Thereafter successively all classes who are 26 27 28 and on up by yearly age groups The provision of the defense de partments long range military service program to lower the min imum age for induction into the armed services from 19 to 18 has already stirred up strong opposi tion in senate hearings on mili tary manpower needs Chairman Vinson DGa of the house armed services commit tee called for hearings beginning next Tuesday Establishes TJMT Besides establishing the uni versal military service program and lowering the minimum draft age the proposal would 1 extend the period of service for those inducted from 21 months to 27 and 2 add one year to the en listment period of all men whose original enlistments were slated to expire during the two fiscal years 1952 and 1953 It would also make extensive changes in existing laws affecting reservists national guardsmen students and others Urging its prompt enactment as the best way to meet our im mediate need for expanded fight ing forces and at the same time provide an enduring base for our military strength Marshall said in a letter to the congressional committees We are confronted with a world situation of such gravity and such unpredictability that we must be prepared for effective ac tion whether the challenge comes with the speed of sound or is de layed for a lifetime To continue to put our ance on our forces in being with out making provision for a de pendable civilian reserve or train ed military manpower would put a crushing burden on the produc tive economy that is the basis ot our national strength All Physically Fit The bill would require all physicallyfit young men reach ing the age of 18 to undergo mill tary service and training and to follow that service with a speci
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