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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NOtTH IOWAS PAPER KHTHEHOMC One Mans Opinion W EAJU HALL 2 Things We MUST Dp A STUDY of the world situation at this time a host of which make charting a course extremely difficult to say the least There an in the path whichever way we turn Along with these imponderables quite a few certainties are re vealed by an examination of world alfmirs and the part which the United States must play in them These too are they do Hot add up to hopelessness or despair for those who have main tained faith in America Most impressive of these cer tainties in the world situation is that we are locked in a contro versy with communism which can not be compromised Where Ive used the word communism1 some prefer to say Russian im perialism Another certainty of the situ ation is that this struggle will be long and costly that it will im pose upon the United States and our way of life the most gruelling test in our history We must steel ourselves for that Still another sure thing in the situation is that developments of receat weeks have been distinctly adverse to our interests and dis tinctly favorable to the interests of our adversary Its folly to blind our eyes to this ABomb Gives Us Haw Going a step further its mighty close to a certainty that except for onething Russia be fore this would be on the march in western Europe That one thing is her knowledge that the United States has at least 25 times as many atomic bombs in her stock pile as Russia has And the dis parity may be even greater than that jay 50 or 100 to 1 This is another way of saying that theatomic bomb which once we thought would be used an trading in our quest of a Sting peaceis now giving us precious time to which to up our allaround mili tary might Theres poetic irony In Itoat development What our immediate course of action should be in the face of the crisis jprecipltated by conscionabfe behavior of Chinas communists in JCorea is for our military leaders to must hope that their is superiorto the inadeqvstftiin telligence service which has com pounded our presentmilitary plight For Military Leaders to Decide Whether we should withdraw from Korea or make a stand whether we should let our bomb ers work on strategic centers in Manchuria or even Chinawheth er we should step up support to Chiang Kaishek on Formosa or give encouragement to anticom munist guerrillas in China itself are questions for the military commanders to answer Its quite obvious that it would be bad business to oppose China in kind of land war which would permit the communists to bring their vast reserve of man power to bear against us And just as obvious It is that the Chinese who are doing the fighting and the dying in Korea are pawns of the kremlin in Moscow Yes the immediate decisions are for those in whom we have reposed our confidence as our military protectors But public opinion will play a de termining the shaping of our longrange policies as we pro ceed into the next phase of our contest with Russian brewed communism A Pattern to Go By There shouldnt be too much disagreement on these imper atives 1 We must build up an uncon querable military might in the shortest possible time 1 We must keep our industrial economy strong and our financial structure sound for a semiwar contest which might last for a food many yean Another imperative is to keep all freedomloving peoples at our side in this crucial struggle This I plan to discuss at some length tn a Tatar visit with you With an unselfish will to do so our leaden in the military and the industrial field can work out a program to give us a maximum military mifehtih a minimum time The pattern was pretty well set this in World war It 1 ntttmmmmmm steals aw sfuietvsMe There is however one compli cating factor in the prevent de mand at amiyaiad with a decade Then winning a war already ondtr way at the earliest possible tinMWas thewhole story Now In f act of partial war a ten sion running into many years moat be Mttmed Military might be at the expanse of b for ajwliekws i of manpower to wr army nd atfteiteand It calk far Talks Terms Gen Juin Ready to Be Chosen Ground Force Leoder By CAftTEE DAVHMQN Parts JP The top military leaders of France metwith Gen eral of the Army Dwight D Eisen hower Monday to talk in terms of men and of their contribut tion to his Atlantic army Among them was Gen Alphonst Juin career soldier and an Eisen hower colleague of World war II who is strongly reported due to be the Atlantic armys ground forces commander The famous Amtulctui general paid calls on Premier Rene Pleven and Foreign Minister Robert Schu man early Monday and then went to the defense ministry to get down to work Defense Minister Jules Moch re ceived himprivately 1st then convened a session of his highest ranking officers and chiefs of staffs Eisehhower made his tour Mon day with only his chief strategist Lieut Gen Alfred M Gruenther and two aides phis two French of ficers as translators and escorts Telb Nathlaw At each 5star gen eral paused and flashed his famous eartoear Ike grin for photog raphers But at none of them would he tell newsmen anything of the nature of his conversations with French leaders His meeting at the defense min istry was expected to last well into the afternoon Moch was expect ed to tell him 3 French divisions now in Germany are at his dis posal Similar pledget have been made by the United States Brit ain Italy Belgium Canada and other countries Their contributions will form the nucleus of M European inter national army expected to grow to more than 1000000 soldiers sail ors and airmen by 1953 The famed World war II lead er arrived in Paris Sunday to head an international force to defend the west against communism At once he served warning that any nation tempted to test the power of the west had better think long and carefullyabout starting any thing 12Nattaa Amy Eisenhowers arrival here marks his 1st formal viMtto one of the European that will give him men and machines for the army the 12nation Atlantic com munity has asked him to create to fend off aggression from the east a quick tour of the North Atlantic treaty countries Eisen hower is slated to return to Wash ington late this month He comes back cere around midFebruary to begin the task of putting into full operation his supreme head quarters allied powers in Europe Armour Shows Higher Profit Chicago Bl Co the nations second largest meat packer reported a substan tial increase in earnings in 1950 as compared with 1949 Net income for the 52 weeks ending Oct 25 comprising the companys fiscal year was 038787 equal to a common share In the preceding year net income was which was not sufficient to provide any earn ings onthe common stock For the first time the company broke down its income between its food division which includes such items as poultry and dairy prod ucts as well as meat and what is called other divisions This dis closed that Armour earns more from its other activities than from its food products Contract With Swift Net earnings from food opera tions totaled while from other operations it totaled 438 Other operations Include chem icals soaps abrasives curled hair Pharmaceuticals fertil izer leather and wool Armours earnings contrasted sharply with those of Swift Co the nations largest meat which recently reported 1950 net income was the lowest since 1945 The company had in cur rent assets for each of liabilities at the end of 1950 compared with at the end of 1949 Wetting Capital U F W Specht president said the companys working capital was nearly double what it was in 1941 but because of the shrinking value of the dollar the smaller 1941 working capital would buy more than would todays higher amount While no mention was made of resumption of dividends on the common stock Specht said the shrinking value of the dollar en the necessity of the long range policy of the management in retaining earnings to strengthen Armours financial position Sales for the year totaled against a year earlier Jacob ft and Sou of Mason City a unit at Armour and ay had ai ijgt cant JneNasa It slsfMaMaMn hi MM sit wm issf fVssr Dee Iowa leg islature opened a new half cen tury as it convened Monday in a time of national peril Known officially as the 54th owa general assembly the leg islature took up its duties short ly after 10 a m amid prospects that the shadow ofinternational crisis will fall heavily across the days ahead The senates 50 members con vened formally at a m and the 108 members of the house heard the opening gavel drop a minute later The house unanimously elected Rep William S Lynts RWaver ly as new speaker He had been designated for the post earlier at a caucus of republican ma TNI MIWIPAMI at AKtS All MOUTH tftWAMI REUNION IN S it Crowell of Wetumpka Ala smiles happily as she is greeted by her husband Lt S H Crowell after his arrival in Osaka Japan from the Korean battlefield Lt Crowell was among the 1st group of fighting men flown from Korea under a rest and re cuperation plan Legislature Opens 54th Iowa Assembly in Tirrie of Peril The senate session was by Lt Gov Kenneth Hvans who wulliold office until Lt Governor Elect William H Nicholas RMa son City is inaugurated with Gov William S Beardsley Thursday Nicholas attended the opening ses sionand sat with Sen Herman Knudson RMason The senate after giving the oath of office to its newly elected mem bers chose Carroll Lane of Car roll as secretary of the senate to replace the late William J Scar borough of Des Moines The chief clerk of the house is A C Gustafson of Des Moines who will be serving his 17th ses sion in that capacity His election Monday was unanimous A G O P caucus chose Sen Stanley L Hart RKeokuk as president pro tern of the upper house Hart Presides Hart formally was elected by the senate Monday and he ac cepted the gavel from Lt Gov ernor Evans Hart will preside un til Thursdays inaugural cere monies are over We face many decisions Hart told the senate But when the session is ended I am sure that it will be one of the most successful in all its History On Harts motion the senate adopted 1949 session rules as its temporary rules for this session As a result Nicholas will appoint the senates standing committees After selectionof Lynes as speaker the house unanimously elected Rep Lawrence Putney R Gladbrook as speaker protern The nomination of Lynes was by Rep John E Young RAfton who described Lynes as a man Of leadership high ideals and deep convictions Tuesday the two houses will meet in joint session to hear Gov William S Beardsley present the biennial message It will be a re view of what has happened in state government circles in the last two years On Thursday Beardsley will be inaugurated for his 2nd term Aft er he is sworn hi at a joint session he will give his inaugural address That wUl outline his legislative program The gc governor will present his budget message next Monday or Tuesday at another joint session It will contain his recommenda tions for appropriation for support of functions of the titate in the next two years Muv OM VbMen To solve the problems in the house there will be 93 republicans and 15 democrats Thirtyfive of the 1M house members are new at that But there an many old timers present Reaching the conclusions of the senate will 41 republicans and t democmta Six atwtors are PJ their 1st terms The stnato also Is wall ssjssMAM wtth veteran taw NAMED LEOAL CLEKKAUy Bines MMWB City in UteKpdklkan aere far manjr years was eheaCn readtar rferk and lecal clerk eftht new sen ate W H Nhftelas UentenaBt governor announced Meant left Sunday aJFterneon for Des Moines to prepare for his new duties A practicing attorney la Mason City since Mosuit siMut S yean In World war Or serviw in the Kwth Pkcifle He was treasurer ef the Gordo county republicancen tral eommittee dnrinc the last campaign urday The democrats had a joint senatehouse caucus at democratic state headquarters Sunday The republican senate patronage committee Sunday nominated Car roll A Lane of Carroll secretary of the senate James L Bennett of Des Moines reading clerk in the 1949 session was nominated general clerk and Hines Mount of Mason City was chosen for reading clerk and legal clerk The committee recommended that other main desk employes of the last session be retainedThey included Mrs Edna Gillespie as sistant secretary and journal clerk Mrs Maretta Blanchard engros sing clerk Leona Story assistant journal clerk Frank Buck of Ames sergeantatarms and Wai ter Keith Des Moines assistant sergeantatarmi A F Plans Hike to 100 Groups Washnwtoa JVJohn A Me Cone air force undersecretary said the service is planning warplane output for a force much larger than the 84 groups in the present program He did not specify the number of groups proposed but told a news conference that the increase to 3500000 men under arms planned for all fighting branches will mean a corrospnnding rite in The air force On that basis there might be dose to 100 groups The present 84group air pro gram in geared to a total of MOO 000 men in service McCone also said that produc tion of planes will reach by mid 1959 the highest rate now called for Output laid wOl cone wty to the 4flM hh faW industry industry No Appeasement by US Meat Prices 1st Choice for Controls By MAXHALL TTiSUhMtan Sta bilization Administrator Alan Val entine said Monday a big try will be made as soon as we can to control skyrocketing meat prices He hinted broadly that the ef fort might be accompanied by ra tioning and probably subsid The real fact is we dotft know to what extent meat prices can be controlled but as soon as we can weU make a try at it and it will be a big trr Valentine said Mid Staff This statement made in an in terview with the weekly news magazine U S and World Report coincided significantly with a speedup in the agencys drive to build up a staff enough for the gigantic job of controlling prices and wages Val entine ordered the recruiting set up In promising an attempt at con trolling meat prices the ESA chiel indicated that he considered food costs a major obstacle in the path of possible new wage controls Asked if the lack of anycontrol of meats makes it impossible to handle the stabilization of he answered Thats the point Not impos sible but difficult Valentine said he had not come on a single man in the industry who feels that without strict ra tioning and probably subsidies meat prices can be controlled really controlled And without such control he said the socalled escalator agree ments in some labor connacts might tend to keep wages creeping higher Escalator agreements call for pay increases to meet rising living explained that a bred costs in turn would call lor matt price increases which would agi require other wage increases get the same old ring aroundarosy all over again he said Valentine said it appeared that topricecontrol some consumer goods youd almost have to ration because thats the only way in which you could reduce the de mands which would otherwise knock the ceiling off your con trols Asked if the goods he referred to might include gasoline Valen tint answered I just dont know But I should think that would probably be a case where rationing helps control price In answer to another question he said his agency has not ordered any ration books printed BRONZE STAR AWARD Tokyo bronze star has been awarded Cpl Vernon A Eg genburg Iowa City Iowa who 1s with the 2nd infantry division to Korea Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Monday night and Tuesday Warmer High Tuesday Low Monday night zero to 5 above Clear Monday night with low zero northeast 10 to IS above southwest Tuesday part ly cloudy and wanner with high 30 northeast 35 to 40 south west Further outlook Con tinued partly cloudy with mod erate temperatures Wednesday low Wednesday morning 1520 above high in afternoon 31 to 40 Shippers Northwest S southwest IS southeast 10 northeast 0 Miueaeta Partly cloudy windy and not so cold Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy windy and warmer Low Monday night S below northeast to 5 above southwest High Tuesday 10 northeast 3035 southwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the J4 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Jan 8 Maximum II Minimum At 8 a m 9 YEAR AGO Maximum H Minimum 4 GlobeGaMtto wtathtr statistics for the M noun ending at I a m Sunday Maximum I Minimum JO At 8 a m 18 AOO ALLIES GIVE UP rearguards ju A and withdrew to new positions after desperate holding action to gain time for forces retreating south ward from abandoned Seoul and Suwon Fighting still was continuing in the Wonju area Allied planes bombed red concentrations bomb bursts in the Seoul area and symbols shelled the west coast of Inchon Allies Give Up Wonju Red Army Enters Osan By LBIFIUCK8OK Tokyo JB rear guard forces yielded the ruins of Wonju to an overwhelming horde ofChineae and North KotHttB WMtdajr after Utter Jwldiwaction that bought precious time Red troops entered the burning Wad and rail center as UN to new poeitions The allies had fought fierce Ijr for the city 55 miles south east of Seoul to buy time for the main body of UN forces to retreat southwestward from Seoul on the road lead ing to the southeast port of Pusan AP Correspondent Tom Lambert reported in a delayed dispatch that the main forces Sunday had pulled back south of Osan 28 air miles south of SeouL A later field dispatch reported the Chinese entered Osan Mon day It narrowed the gap between the Teds and UN forces falling back in western Korea Thats 50miles southwest Wonju and on the main rout from the burned and abandonee South Korean capital to Taejon and Pusmn It was at Osan tha the 1st America soldier to fight in the Korean war was killed las July 1Day Battle Wonjus defenders battled Satur day Sunday and Sunday night to keep thered hordes from sweep ing into the gateway city to th heart of SouthKorea A web o roads lead from Wonju into the interior Held at bay by the grim defend ers were 7 Chinese armies possi bly 310000 men and their Ko nan red comrades Then the defenders abandonee the town and its airstrip Allied warplanes strafed and fire bombed Wonju after the with drawal An ammunition train was blown up U S 8th army headquarters said allied casualties were light during the holding action quarters said fighting continued in the Wonju area east and west of the dty One battalion counterattacked Monday morning but pulled back after a brief fight Planes at tacked reds on ridges on Wonjus The allied rearguard still was fighting desperately to block the reds from a southward that would menace the main body of UN troops faaOvt In west Korea red troops were fanning out iron Suwon 20 miles south of Seoul UN rearguard pa trols spotted red forces 17 miles southeast of Suwon There were no contacts reported by upon Monday either with Chi A advancing down tha west coast or with Komns raw ng south down the mountaJnous both coaste wanhips and supply points and communications lines They sought to stow th twin southward drive on eac side of the peninsula Clearing skies Monday brough out allied fighters andbombers in strength after bad weather ham air jjctivity BM Superfortress droppe 136 tons of bombs on Kimpo air field in the 1st big strategic raic on Koreas best airbase since al lied forces abandoned it last week Kimpo is 12 miles northwest o Seoul Pyraryanf Bombed The Superforts also bombed Pyongyang Korean red capital KEAF said there was no oppo sition by red fighters or antiair craft Three cruisers the USS Rochester and the British Navy Ceylon and toe west coast port of Inchon Sun day for the 4th straight day In chon 22 miles west of Seoul was abandoned by UN forces Jan 5 Allied naval units were busy also on the east coast Four Amer ican destroyers and two Siamese warships pounded rail and roa targets along a 60mile stretch of the coast north of the 38th par allel A large red force was reported moving southward along route last week Rhee Asks Help In Pusan President Syngman Rhee told A P Correspondent Jack MacBeth a halfmillion Soutt Korean youths would join UP forces if they had the weapons This is now a fight for our very lives said Rhee with visible emotion We are not of course saying the United Nations are noi fighting but we want to help to our limit We are begging only for the rifles and ammunition to dothe job The South Korean president pleaded also for relief supplies for hundreds of of refu gees who have fled into Pusan He said People are dying from starva tion and freeting BULLETIN NEW SHIPBUILDING Washington Carl Vinton ef the naose aratesl ferrkws easnsnlttee MMMUy to tradacesl a Mtt te aatkorhe a new navy sfcto talUbv svacraiB tkat eaus far tkaa M new skips toehkU lag a carrier Major Hike in Taxes WantsIndustry Ready to Produce 50000 Planes 35000 Tanks W President Truman said Monday Russias are out to take over the world step by step and warned we will fight if fight we most to keep our freedom and to pre vent justice from being de stroyed In a personally delivered state of the union message to congress Mr Trumaivsald too the United States is wiHing as we have al ways been to negotiate honorable settlements with the Soviet Union But we will not engage in ap peasement Mr Trumans 3500word mes sage was first of all a defense of his foreign policy which is geared to the idea of building American and western European strength to the point where Russia will re spect it It was second a general outline of what has been done so far in the wayof military mobilization and a broadsketching of what is to come We are preparing for full war time mobilization if that should become necessary Mr Truman said He said American industry must be capable of producing 50000 modern militarr planes and 35 000 tanks a year Meet Cost Truman told thelegislatori that in order to strengthen this nation he wilt shortly ask a major increase ln taxes tatmeetthe cask of the defense effort He did not say how much new revenue be wanted or from what kind of taxes leaving those details to later special messagesT Much of his address was con cerned with the grave internation al situation and he appealed to the legislators I ask the congress for unity in these crucial days The president said the threat of world conquest by Russia a total threat and the danger is a common danger Then he went on to say We are preparing for full war time mobilization if that should be necessary And we are con tinuing to build a strong and grow ing economy able to maintain whatever effort may be required for as long as necessary Mr Truman submitted a 10 point legislative program calling for First appropriations for our military buildup Second extension and revision of the selective service act Third military and economic aid to help build up the strength of the free world Fourth revision and extension of the authority to expand produc tion and to stabilize prices wages and rents Imtreve Laws Fifth improvement of our ag ricultural laws to help obtain the lands of farm products we need for the defense effort Sixth improvement of our la JOT laws to help provide Labormanagement relations and to make sure that we have steady production in this emergency Seventh housing and training of defense workers and the full use of all our manpower resources Eighth meant for increaatnf the supply of doctors nurses and other trained medical jMnonatt critically needed for the effort Ninth aid to the states to the most orient needs of ementary and secondary schtMisv Tenth a major increase In taxes to meet the cost of the de fense effort Okays Delate In his appeal for unity to a congress many of whose members have been sharply critical of ad ministration foreign policy thai resident asserted Main ho mistake about my meaning I do not ask or expect unanimity I do not ask for an end to debate Only by debate can we arrive at rfectsVws wekh M wise and which rtfttet of the American poopto do not dictatorship fa and will new hm ft wtsstj
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