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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NOtTH IOWAS ttHTBD FOK THC HOMl NCITYOLOBE Tltl NIWftAMft MAKIS ALL NOtTN IOWAMI MAMH iftl iMA BACKPAY mT Democrats Assail Toft Policy Talk Fewer of President Opens Up New Foreign Debate in Congress By JACK MIX Senator Taft ItOhio has opened a new phase of the bitter foreign policy fight by challenging president Trumans contention that he has the au thority to send additional to Europe Tift said in the senate Friday that the president has no power to commit American troops to a European defense force withesr approval 1st from congress He as serted that Mr Truman had in volved the U S in the Korean war Without authority In his foreign policy speech of the 82nd congress Taft said he is willing to commit some limited number of American divisions to Jfcrth Atlantic defense But said the Europeans must take the lead in forming such a force rteaa LaM President Truman already has named Gen Dwight D Eisenhow er as supreme commander of the projected international army And the administration has laid plans to contribute an undisclosed num ber of Mr Truman said at his Wed nesday news conference that there was noquestion but that he has the authority to do this Taft said that instead of send ing troops the United States should bUild up powerful air and sea defense spending up to 000000000 a year for all military purposes He added If we send to Europe 6r prom ise to send within a few weeks of the beginning of the war say a million and a half men there is at least a reasonable chance that that army may be destroyed and tnay never return to this country Reepenaa Tafts reference to 1500000 men drew a challenge Saturday from two democrat senators Senator Cmahoney D Wyo stuck to lur made 1st in the senate that there is no Taaannitirtr in the gov wishes to inlt American bbys to any such futile effort as trying to match communist manpower xm the con tinent Senator Kilgore DW Va laid Taft was proceeding from the wrong premise In his speech Taft said The United States should rely principally on air and sea power and maintain farflung bases from which it could dispatch atomic bornbs If European nations begin to build up their defenses with American help and there is a rea sonable chance of success I should not object to committing some limited number of American di visions to work with lhem Not Isolationist He does not agree with those who think we can completely abandon the rest of the world and rely solely upon the defense of this continent j He has yet to find any con clusive evidence that Russia plans to start a war Against the United States and believes that a reasonablefalliance with Britain France Holland Australia and Canada can establish a power that cannot be chllenged by Russia The United States should make a peace treaty with Japan and help her rearm while providing arms for the Chinese nationalists to conduct guerrilla warfare against the Chinese communists Tafts lengthy speech brought varying reactions from his col leagues Senator Humphrey DMinn told reporters he thinks the Ohio republican merely put some other decorations on former President Hoovers but ifs still the old isolationist cake Senator Ives RN Y said he assayed Tafts views as being be tween those of Mr Hoover and John foster nearer those of Dulles than Hoover Dulles republican foreign rl fairs adviser said recently that solitary defence is never impreg nable adding that the best de fense against aggression is the capacity to counterattack Senator Knowland RCal praised Tafts proposal for a blockade against communist Chi na BOUNTY ON WOLF fi Low try Woodward fanner collected a bounty Friday after killing 40pourfS gray timber wolf cue of the largest reported killed In Polk county in many months AP VHrtphoto AID WOUNDED Injured British soldier member of a unit that had tften cut off for a time by Chi nese reds in Seouls northern outskirts is assisted from a rescue helicopter by American officers at Seouls Munici pal airport The South Koreancapitalfell to the reds the same day London Mirror Charges Grave Distortion of Korean Fighting News Handed Out by Allies London OJ London Daily Mirror said rn aa article spread over half its front page Saturday that the Korean war news is being dreadfully dis torted by official handouts which speak of more fighting than has taken place The Mirror whose circulationof more than 4000000 is the largest of any daily in the world head lined the article Fairy tales from Korea World not getting truth Disquiet about the official picture of events in Korea decided the Daily Mirror to recall our correspondent David Walker lor consultation Writer Tells The article was written by Walker who returned to London Tuesday Im sorry I cannot tell the whole truth for the simple rea son that there is a war on Walk er wrote You ought to know apart from military mistakes that the picture of actual events in Korea especially the fighting or lack of it is dreadfully dis torted This is not the fault of the British correspondents in Korea nor the newspapers at home but of the in formation handed out at high level either from Tokyo or the 8th army headquarters Walker said that papers have reported the British brigade in Korea cut off in a furious battle In fact he wrote up to New Years eve not a man of the 29th brigade had seen the Chinese al though we had retreated more than 200 miles Face Are we trying to save face for an Are we trying to fool the enemy or the public All he British want is a little less hysteria and a little rribre realism in the information handed out by the supreme commanders lackeys In fact they want the With They have nothing to be ashamed Walker said that asan example headquarters reported 500 enemy troops killed by planes in a village near the British petition A bri gade patrol checked and found 6 dead civilians he said The 8th airmy headquarters said the air force killed hundreds in black and grey uniforms A brigade officer Walker said found that they were refugee students and that there were no enemy troops within miles Lord Beaverbrooks Daily Ex press which has the tadlargest daily circulation in the 4000000 announced Saturday that its Korean correspondents Bernard Wicksteed also flew home thta week to explain why the Korean war aww develops in a baffling A front page editorial in the Mirror Friday said reports on al lied air activity in Korea are sil ly and dangerous What is the point of announc ing such as 490 commu nist accounted for in one place or 490 damaged or destroyed editorial saM These dttimttw ccnrinf tram pilots traveling it over 400 miln an hour art completely because they almwt always m false Headquarters staff matt drop seiuaUonaUun and try to tw sober and careful in informa they arc fttvinf to ttw world 199 Iowa Sturftnts Qlfff rOF JlffNttr rOfCwJ W S LYNES Lynes Named House Speaker Sen Elthon Fertile ReElected Leader By DWIGHT McCORMACK Des Molnes William S Lynes 57 Waverly nom inated as speaker of the Iowa house of representatives on the 5th ballot Saturday in a hotly con tested race He is a brother of State Senator Kendall Lynes who was a can didate for lieutenant governor in the 1950 primaries The selection was made at a republican house caucus The for mal election will occur when the legislature convenes Monday Eisenhower WaaUstftaa Dwight D Eisenhower took off for Europe Saturday to start organizing de fenses against communism His goal stated jointly with President Truman is peace and tranquil The commanders big plane took to the air a m C ST after a fulldress mili tary ceremony at National airport in which the president took part He went with promise from Mr Truman tiat he will have wholehearted backing both from this country arid from 11 other North Atlantic pactnations whose forces he has been chosen toweld into a bulwark against ag gression Met President Eisenhower met with the presi dent for half an hour before tak ing off for Paris and the 1st or ganization steps looking to a uni fied and stronger Europeanarmed force Joseph Short white house secre tary said president discussed the whole world situation With the supreme allied commander this conversation Short added the president made it plain to General Eisenhower that he had the wholehearted backing of the United States The president also expressed himself as being certain that Gen eral Eisenhower had the same sort of backing from the 11 Bother nations It was stressed in the talk be tween president and General Eisenhower that this is an organi zationfor the peace securityand tjjanquillity of world What Hell Tell Eisenhower is expected to tell the Europeans that while the U S is preparedto do its full share toward making western forces strongenough to repel communist aggression their nations also will have to do all within their power to supply men money and ma terials Lynes will be the speaker because the republicans hold a 9315 ma jority m the house Bart ChMen Senate republicans meantime chose Sen Stanley L Hart 54 Keokuk cooper age manufacturer as president pro tern succeeding Richard Leo of Dysart who did not seek reelection Hart is start ing his8th consecutive term Sen Leo Elthon 52 Fertile con tractor was reelected as majority floor leader in the upper chamber He is starting his 10th term Both Hart and Hep Lynes are regarded as members of the con servative wing of the party in Iowa Lynes was extremely active last session m the successful op position to a move to repeal the socalled antilabor bills AntiBeardsley Lynes a drainage engineer who will be serving his 3rd consecu tive term was generally regard ed as an antiBeardsley candidate The forces supporting Gov Wil liam S Beardsley had lined up generally behind Rep Clifford M Strawrhan of Anamosa Strawman also was supported by those who backed Rep G T tGus Kuester of Griswold as speaker the last two sessions The 3rd candidate on the 5th ballot was Rep Fred Schwengel of Davenport who had campaigned hard for the speakership Schwen gel also was a candidate for speak er in 1949 but dropped out early The vote on the 5th ballot Sat urday was Lynes 37 Strawman 30 and Schwengel 5 Chinese Force to v Abandon Suwon Airfield Rail Labor Agreement Is Stalled 3 Union Groups Ask Still Better Terms of Settlement By HAROtD W WARD JP The railway labor agreement recently worked out at the white house was stalled Saturday by demands of 3 union groups for still better terms Ironically t K e demands came on the same day the railroads an nounced they would seek a 6 per cent freight rate increase to off Set their wage boost offers and other increased costs The new labor demands were made by regional leaders of 3 of the 4 major unions which reached a tentative agreement with the principal carriers Dec 21 Government mediators saic Saturday they hoped the agree ment still may be used as a basis for a final settlement Million Informed sources said the pro posed rate increase would add some to the railroads anticipated revenue in 1951 D P Loomis chairman of the carriers negotiating committee had saic at the conclusion of the white house conferences that the pro posed settlement would cost the roads annually The proposal accepted by rail way and top union officials tak ing part in the negotiations and generally hailed as a 3year peace pdct ran into difficulty when at was presented iti regional union organizations for approval First the engineers then the trainmen and firemen and the enginemen turned the pact down at meetings of their general chair men The 4th union the Order of Railway Conductors will hold its meeting in Cedar Rapids Iowa Saturday It too is expected to reject the settlement plan Weekend Talks The 3man national mediation board arranged weekend talks with Dr John R Steelman pres idential assistant to discuss ffu ture moves Steelmanhelped work out the original agreement In announcing they would seek a freight rate increase traffic of ficials representing railways in the east south and west said pe titions would be filed in a few days with the interstate commerce commissioa and state regulatory bodies Inthe event these railroad op erating expenses should be fur ther increased it may be neces sary to bring the changed situa tion to the attention of the com missions in a supplementary pe tition the announcement said AIRMAIL TO KEOKTTK Keoknk flights out of Keokuk will start next Tuesday FOtKHCN WORK TO FREB TRAPPED DRIVER Firemen struggle to free Larry Kefly face bloodied of Ubertyvilte DI after the track he was driving skidded into a nunwd abetment on Chicagos north side Kelly and ft companion were trapped when their cargo of horseshoes and waa thrown forward against the drivers Both nan wen rweutd and taken to Edfewater where they an with cctapooJad fractures of the legs S AP Winphoto TARGETS OP CHINESE REDS Chinese communists lunging towardSuwon 20 miles south of Seoul Sat urday attacked UN forces 8 miles south of the fallen South Korean capital Whiteclad Chinese camouflaged for snow fighting attacked and overran allied posts 12 miles north of Wonju Other reds were observed moving south about 15 miles southeast of that city With Wonjtt road and rail center the reds would control the heart of South Korea and troops could be shunted to the left or moved straight down toward Taegu allied bastion in last summers battle for the Pusan beachhead May Give Japan a Controlled Rearmament for SelfDefense By DEWTW MACKENZIE AP Foceiftt Affairs Analyst As the signs of our fastmovin times read it begins to look a though warguilty Japan may b allowed a controlled rearmamen for selfdefense In token of this likelihood mos of the 8 British commonwealtt countries which are meeting in London are reported ready t agree to the rearming of Japan This is with the qualification tha Nippons military strength can b controlled The dominions appea to besatisfied that American safe guards willtake care of that Follows Statement This change of front by the do minions follows by only a few days General MacArthurs start ling announcement to the Jap anese thatll will be their duty tc mount force to repel force international lawlessness contin ues to threaten peace He ob viously was referring to the grea red offensive which is sweeping All of this strikes a strange note especially in view of Japans war history Sheblacklisted hersel placeby her sneak at tack on Pearl Harbor evettas sh talked friendship m Washington And her subsequent operations ii the Pacific gaveher a terribl record guilt How is it that the allies now are able to forgive even though they dont forget Well a lot of things have hap pened since Japan signed her ab iectsurrender at the end of World war II Under the strong guidance of General MacArthur she has adaptedherself to western re quirements She has created a new constitutionwhich disavows war and she has followed through with an determination to tread a straight path in future Of Stntefte Value Moreover Japans strategic lo cation makes her absolutely essen tial to allied defense in the rapid ly developing communist offensive to gain control of all Asia The demands of this crisis make it necessary not only that Japan be strengthened for her own defense but that she become an allied bas tion against he reds Of course the new Japanese con stitution contains a prohibition against Japanese armed forces This doesnt preclude police but it does preclude regular military eoDttafents Thus if there were to be outright rearmament it might be necessary to revise the constitution 2 Drunken Drivers in Same Car Convicted JtatfMtM W Ta mm were convicted of driving the umt automobile while drunk State troopers said uw lit time met tht car on U S routt fO they caught a gllrapae of one man driving Turning around thay mat tha sarot car but this time with another man at the Both wan tht Masterson Leaves Iowa Iowa City resignation of Backfield Coach Bernie Mas terson was announced Saturday by the University of Iowa Athletic Director Paul Brechler said he had been informed by Masterson that he had decided to leave Iowa Masterson whoCame to Iowa last spring as an asssitant to new ly appointed Head Coach Leonard Raffensperger told Brechler he had other plans the nature 6J which could not be revealed al this time Brechler said a major consider ation in Mastersons decision was his desire to rejoinhis family in their Chicago home Mrs Master son and the 4 children have re mained in Chicago the last two years in which Bernie was con nected with the New York Yan kees professional team and Iowa Masterson was hesitant to up root his family from home and school in Chicago and had not been able to work oufrsuitablear rangements for selling his Chicago home and purchasing a home in Iowa City Brechler said Masterson was a University of Nebraska star in 19313233 and coached at his alma mater in 1848 and 1947 He played professional ly with the Chicago Bears from 1930 to 1940 Britt Soldier Missing in Action Jerry Wendell Park er son of Chester Allen Parker RFD No 2 has been reported missing in action in Korea it was learned here Saturday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cold Satur day night and Sunday Wanner Sunday afternoon Low Satur day night 1015 below high Sunday 10 above Iowa Fair and cold Saturday night and Sunday Low Satur day night 5 to 15 below north 5 below to 5 above south High Sunday 10 above north IS to JO south Further outlook Fair and not quite so cold Sunday night and Monday Low Sunday night 5 below to 5 above High Mon day 1524 Minnesota Fair and continued cold Saturday night Sunday fair and not so cold Low Saturday night 1035 below High Sunday 515 above IN MASON CITY GlobeGaxeUa weather or the 24 hours ending at fa av Maximum 11 15 Minimum At 8 am Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum IS Red Army Hits South for Pusan Massive Sweep Toward Wonju Big Road and Rail Center By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo UB e d armies hammering southward from Seoul forced abandonment of the big allied airfield at Su won Saturday and thrust sharply towards the roadrail hub of Wonju in a double of fensive thrust The Suwon field 17 afc miles south of Seoul waa abandoned as the sounds of smallarms and artflley fire drew closer Location of the fighting front was not closed apparently for secur ity reasons The town of Suwon 20 miles south of Seoul was re ported intact and still in United Nations In the companion drive against Wonju 55 mites southeast of Seoul the were aiming to cut off the southeastward retreat route of the allies With Wonju a big road andrail center the reds would control the heart of South Korea Fan Out Boads out in all directions Troops can be shunted either to the left or right or straight down toward Taegu the allied bastion in last summers battle for the Pusan beachhead But the big prize was the main bodyof UN troops themselves withdrawing south of Seoul in long motorized columns A communist force striking southwest from the Wonju hub would be in position to block off the retreat and trap the With drawing Sth army against the Yel low sea So big was the prize that the enemy has thrown 7 Chinese and red Korean or more troops into the sickle assault on Wonju Same Old Read The 8th army was retreating down heartbreak highway along which it fought so bitter and bloody a retreat 6 months ago in the hot summer sun Despite the cold nowj the weight of long motorized columnsground road into dust An As sociated Press field dispatch told of this new ordeal Dust caked the face clogged the nose turned eyes into watery red slits and filled the mouth tfith so much sand you felt your teeth were wearing away An enemy battalion attacked allied rearguards south of Seoul Saturday morning An allied pa trol estimated that 16000 Chinese were massed S miles east of Seoul waitingfor orders to cross the frozen Han river Whiteclad flaged for snow and overran allied mortar and coHimand posts Friday only IX miles north of Wonju This thrust touched off a 7f hour fight Allied urtts battled into the night to slow an assault that developed with surprising speed for the usually slowmovinc Chinese The reds fired captured U S mortars Drive Eart Other red forces drovt ihead east of Wonju adding their weight to the Hckle threat Censorship obscured many de ails but the situation appeared to be most serious Suwons tine airfield was closed to allied planes and the Wonpu airfield mounted only airlifts of wounded Suspension of the Wonja flights indicated that the rtda were dote to that road and rail nab UN aad into eneaaa1 concentrations By midday Satur day U 5th air force plfcai esti mated they had inflicted SM Pilots devastated IS punUneflve iett la Seouls suburb of 1 J i lj
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