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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NtlGHIOftS HOME EDITION TllillJ VOL LVI1 UnltwJ LMM Truman Without Power to Commit Americans to Europe Taft Argues Washington Taft ROhio declared in the senate Friday that President Truman has no power to com mit American troops to a European defense force without approval first from congress In his 1st foreign policy speech of the 82nd congress Taft said he is willing to commit some limited number of American divisions to north Atlantic defenses But he said the Europeans must take the lead in forming such a force I do not think we should force our assistance on nations which do n o t wish to arm themselves the Ohio senator declared I do not think we should insist or even urge that Europeans form a great interna tional army unless they request us to help them with that project Not the Leader I do not think we should as sume the leadership in the for mation of a great international army by the appointment of an American commanderinchief President Truman has already named Gen Dwight D Eisen hower for that place and the Tru man administration had laid plans to send additional American troops to Europe to serve in the combined defense force At a news conference only Thursday President Truman said there was no question but that he had authority to send additional troops to Europe It was this authority which Taft questioned contending it was a matter on which congress must pass Taft said that before the north Atlantic defense pact was ratified by the senate responsible offi cials denied that the United States would be called upon to use ground forces in Europe If the president in his confer ence with Mr Attlee or Secre tary Acheson at Brussels has un dertaken to commit the United States to any such assistance be fore or during a war they are usurping the authority given by law and their program should be submitted to congress for consid eration Taft declared Calls for Debate The president has no power to to send American troops to fight in Europe in a warbetween the members of the Atlantic pact and Soviet Russia Without au thority he involvedurtatfie Ko rean war Without authority he apparently is now adopting a simijar policyin Europe This matter must be debated and determined by congress and by the people of this country if we are to maintain any of our constitutional freedoms Tafts speech was the 1st major one in what obviously is going to be a continuing though intermit tent senate debate during this congress on foreign policy Those who are blaming the United Nations should much more blame the limitations of the char ter and our own government for forcing United Nations action be yond its permanent powers Taft said Turning to the home front Taft charged that administration ap peals for unity are an attempt to cover up the faults and failures of the administration The Ohio senator said the argu ment is made that any criticism of foreign policy is an attack on the unity of the nation that it gives aid and comfort to the enemy and that it sabotages any idea of a bi partisan foreign policy for the na tional benefit A Fallacy I venture to state that this proposition is a fallacy and a very dangerous fallacy threatening the very existence of the nation he declared Asserting that the course we are pursuing will make war more likely Taft said that if Russia plans to attack the Soviets ob viously will do so before Atlantic defenses become strong Instead of sending troops to Eu rope he said the United States should build up powerful air and sea defenses spending up to 000000000 a year for all military purposes If we send to Europe or prom ise to send within a few weeks of the beginning of the war say a million and a half men there is at least a reasonable chance that that army may be destroyed and may never return to this country Taft declared As an alternative to fighting a ground war with Russia Taft said the United States should adopt the same infiltration tactics used by the Russians He said this could be carried out at once by backing Chiang Kaishek in nationalist guerrilla operations in communist China Toft to Speak at DCS Moines Des Moines Rob ert A Taft of Ohio will speak at a republican victory rally here Tuesday Feb 13 The rally will be held at the KRNT radio theater Republican Finance Chairman James Schramm said the victory rally will be a fund raising event 30Day Freeze on Prices Near Washington govern ment was reported about ready Friday to slap a 30day freeze on prices to combat the soaring costs of food and other essentials The report circulated in author itative quarters just after release of official government figures showing that retail food prices 3 weeks ago were almost at an all time high The bureau of labor statistics said they had climbed 12 per cent between Nov 28 and Dec 15 to within twotenths of one per cent of the record high set in July 1948 Reports of the proposed freeze said it would be in the form of an order requiring all businesses to give a months advance notice be fore they raise their prices Not at Farm While this would include gro cers and food wholesalers along with other firms it would not cov er all prices at the of special legislative restrictions Officially the economic stabi lization agency said it had no comment on the reported plans ESA already has asked 250 of the nations largest industrial com panies to let the government know at least a week in advance before they raise prices on any manufactured commodities Stabilization officials reported however that fewer than half the firms have replied to the re quest It sent to ations some 10 days ago There was no immediate con firmation of the plan to issue a 30 day advance notice order How ever reports from people close to Price Director Michael V DiSalle and his staff said the decision has been made to issue such an order very soon The action was described as a stopgap the line temporarily while the price sta bilization office builds a staff to enforcea system of more specific ceiling prices and while the wage stabilization board comes to some decision on standards for control ling wages This board has called a labor management conference for next week to talk over probj lems involved in wage control Food the Concern DiSalle is known to particu larly concerned over rising food prices The defense production act of 1950 contains provisions which would prevent freezing of most farm prices However there are certain things that DiSalle can do about food prices and some of them are included in the 30day notice order now reported pend ing For example the law permits control of the margins of whole sale and retail distributors of food and to a certain extent the prices of food processors Fridays report on gams in food prices came as farm belt con gressmen protested in advance against an anticipated request from President Truman to let him put his own controls on farm prices Democrats and republicans alike predicted that congress wouldnt go along with any proposal which might result in lower prices for fanners They said lower prices would mean smaller production at a time when the nation needs more food The BLS reported a rise of 12 per cent in retail food prices be tween Nov 28 and Dec 15 The price index was estimated at 2163 per cent of the 193539 average That was within 02 per cent of the alltime record of 2168 The new index was 32 per cent above the previous month and 57 per cent higher than on June 15 before the Korean war started It was up 96 per cent from a year ago Eight Cities Prices of 50 foods were studied in 8 cities Atlanta Boston Chi cago Columbus New York Rich mond San Francisco and Wash ington Almost all classes of retail food items were found to have increased in price Eggs for example went up 142 per cent in the 8 cities combined at a season when they normally decline in price and replaces day dinner a planned Lincoln Senator Tafts appearance here Will be one of his lit outside of Washington since his reelection last fall IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 1951 Thli Paper ot Two SectionsSection Chinese Menace Wonju New Allied Defense Line AP Wirephoto SEOUL James A Diebold Sr telephoned his wife Christine and their 3yearold son James A Jr Thursday in what the officer claimed was the nexttolast call from Seoul Mrs Diebold and son reenact the excit ing call when the youngster asked Daddy when you go ing to bring me some candy She asked how long Lt Die bold would be in the South Korean capital Not long dear long he replied The Diebolds live in Louisville Ky Russia Agrees to Negotiate Debt to U S Washington IP Russia has agreed to resume negotiations Jan 15 for settlement of the billion soviet account for lend lease the United States supplied her in World war II The state department told of the new meeting Friday It said the conference was arranged after the U S began pressing last June 15 for a resumption of talks Pre vious negotiations were broken off more than two years ago In the meantime Russia has re turned one ice breaker and 27 frigates out of a total of 585 naval vessels arid 96 merchant craft which were turned over by the U S as part of the allied war effort These ships were only a part of the lendlease extended by the U S to Russia as an ally Ambassador Alexander S Pan yushkin will head the soviet dele gation in the negotiations which will be held in Washington The head of the U S delegation has not been named Room for Legislator Btonarck N Dak room ing house operator mindful of the fact that the state legislature is in session here advertised in a news paper Sleeping room for gentlemen Also room for legislator 1 Killed 1 Injured Near Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Evelyn Newcomb about 40 of Cedar Rapids was killed and her hus band was injured Thursday night in a cartruck collision 10 miles north of here on highway 150 Highway patrolmen said the Newcomb car skidded on theicy highway into the path of a truck driven by Gilbert Faubel of Ster ling 111 Faubel suffered only slight injuries Weather Repoft FORECAST Mason City Clearing and much colder Friday night Clear and cold Saturday Low Friday night zero to 5 below High Saturday 5 to 10 above Iowa Clearing Friday night with low zero to locally 10 below north 10 above south Saturday sunny and cold with high 5 to 10 above north 10 to 20 south Light northerly winds Saturday Further outlook Fair and very cold Saturday night with low 10 to 20 below zero north and near zero south Cold Sunday with high 5 to 10 above Iowa 5day weather outlook Tem peratures will average 3 to 6 degrees below normal Normal highs near 32 normal lows 8 above north 14 south Below normal temperatures over the weekend with brief warming Monday or Tuesday Precipita tion will average less than one quarter inch with light snow late Friday and again about Tuesday Minnesota Fair and very cold north clearing and much colder south portion Friday night Sat urday fair and very cold Low Friday night 1530 below north 515 below south High Satur day 5 below north and zero to 5 above south IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statis tics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Jan 5 Maximum 26 Minimum 9 At 8 a m 10 Precipitation 03 Year Ago Maximum Minimum Racketeers Prey on Wives of Departing GIs By BARMAN W NICHOLS United Press Correspondent Washington seems that racketeers are preying on wives and families of servicemen leav ing to fight in Korea I got this story from the wife Of Sgt Russell Martin of Wash ington D C The soldier left be hind his lovely wife Mildred and a 6yearold child to go to war Mildred trying hard to hold up her end of a rough bargain is department of agriculture The sergeant took his bumps in preliminary training and finally got orders to leave for an un known destination which of course was Korea Last Call In San Francisco Martin scoop ed up all the change he had bor rowed a few dimes and called Mildred It was a tearful goodbye over the longdistance When that was over the ser geant boarded his ship After all had checked in the men had an hour or so left Sgt Martin got off a letter to his wife before the ship sailed He told her that a nice man had taken his picture and that she could expect a sur prise package like ness of her man gear packed and ready to go out and meet the challenge of the aggressors Mildred Martin was happy when she got his hastily scribbled note She waited and waited At length there came a notice from the postoffice that there was a collect package labeled Photos Do Not Bend wait ing for her in the main postoffice She went there as soon as she finished work A Lot of Money Five dollars and 56 cents please the man said That was a lot of money to Mrs Martin It meant a lot of potatoes and chuck roast even at present prices But the picture was the important thing So she fished into her purse and paid the man Mildred opened the packet on the way home There was not one picture but 21 All of them were group shots In one fuzzy print she found the blurred image of Russell There was no sign of her man in the other 20 Mildred is pretty sore I dont blame her She went to the Better Business bureau and asked it to investigate It is UN Army Retreafs South Toward Old Beachhead By OLIN CLEMENTS Tokyo communist troops speared south Fri day from captured Seoul toward a new allied defense line A tremendous enemy buildup for the next blow in the struggle for Korea ivas reported Allied pilots said they saw the heaviest traffic yet observed in Korea behind the en emy lines The allies in a skillful retreat yielded Seoul its air field at Kimpo and its port of Inchon Inchon was left in ruins Nations personnel United blew up its docks before pull ing out by sea The main UN ground force moved on south of Seoul Menace Grows The menace of red hordes seek ing to punch down central Korea and cut the escape roads south grew hourly U S 5th air force pilots Thurs day night sighted 1200 vehicles clogging the roads of North Korea A U S 8th army officer said red soldiers were pouring down secondary roads and through val leys toward Wonju 55 miles south east of Seoul Once there the reds could fan out along vital highways cutting across the line of UN retreat to ward the old Pusan beachhead An estimated 190000 Chinese and North Koreans were winding down through the bleak cold mountains of the interior They could turn left or right at Wonju and possibly cut off parts of the allied forces If they turned west they might seal off UN troops moving south of Seoul It was a desperate race Lt Gen Matthew B Ridgway U S 8th army commander re turned to his headquarters late in the day after visitingtwo of his army corps defending the retreat Everything is going fine he said Tragedy for Koreans Million Paid by Iowa Taxpayers Des Moines paid in federal taxes in 1950 the U S collector of infernal revenue for Iowa reported Friday That was a gain of nearly over 1949 The total compared with 010270 the record for a calendar year That amount was collected in 1948 Contrasted with these fig ures is the 1940 total of 087 High month for 1950 was Janu ary when income taxes came in in volume The total for that month was more than twice the total for the full year of 1940 The low month last year was De cember when total revenue amounted to Sources of these collections are the income tax social security tax withholdings estate and gift taxes and numerous levies classed as miscellaneous But the tough army general said the retreat from Seoul was dwarfed by the tragedy of hun dreds of thousands of Koreans un able to get out ahead of the coming communists The last UN elements port and service personnel at burning In chon blew up the harbor at 2 a m Friday and rode out on the morn ing tide UN planes already were bomb ing Seoul and Kimpo its main air field F80 Shooting Star jets attacked a Chinese battalion at the demol ished air base with rockets and jellied gasoline fire bombs AP Correspondent Don Huth flew over Seoul and said the de serted South Korean capital was still a mass of flames and smoke General Ridgway described the mass movement as perhaps the greatest tragedy to which Asia has ever been subjected in the course of its long history World Issue He said the issue is not Korea but whether some day the same thing goes on in America or the western world or whether we can keep it away from until international our shores agreements have worked the problem out in more orderly fashion In plunging down the icy moun tain slopes of central Korea the red armies were following the same path as their North Korean comrades when they swept over the lightly defended and demor alized South Korean republic last July AP Correspondent Tom Stone reported the evacuation of Inchon was completed early Friday Stone said the docks and harbor of the port for Seoul was blown up by demolition crews and the last two tank landing ships pulled out of the ruined harbor when high tide lifted them off the muddy bottom One of Last Rear Adm L A Thackrey commanding the fleet was one of the last men to leave the flaming port city As the demolition crews worked the big guns of the Heavy Cruiser Rochester laid down a wall of steel to protect the men from com munists who had crossed the Han withdrawal stayed behind to be the last out The hard hitting far east air forces and the U S oth air force pounced on the burning city of Seoul as soon as the last allied troops blew the bridges across the frozen Han Four hundred vehicles were strafed by the airmen Pilots re ported up to 1250 casualties were inflicted The FEAF said this raised the number of reds killed or wounded by the airmen to above 7000 in the past 4 days WORTH KOREA Induction of 18YearOlds Coming Up Washington The defense department plans to ask congress to let it draft 18 year olds and tighten deferments and exemp tions for currently draft eligible men from 19 through 25 Felix Larkiri the defense de partments general counsel told reporters Friday of the plans He said a manpower bill would be submitted to congress within two weeks designed to meet additional needs for men for the armed serv ices Larkin said the plan is to extend the present 21month service pe riod for draftees to 27 or 30 months He added however that this term was not firm and might be changed before the manpower bill reaches congress About 1200000 boys will reach 18 during the next fiscal year be ginning July 1 and about 800000 of these could be expected to meet physical requirements for military service Larkin estimated He said the defense depart ments manpower proposals do not envisage the drafting of any wom en Larkin said the defense depart ment is working out its own pro posed manpower law and that un doubtedly selective service and other agencies submit their own ideas to congress The defense department propo sal he said would permit 17 year olds to enlist with their parents permission 18 year olds would be automatically eligible for the draft as soon as they had completed high school He added that those who reached 19 and were still in high school would probably have to be yanked out Larkin said 18 year old draftees would not be sent overseas until after they had completed their full basic military training AP CHINESE REDS CONTINUE com munist troops speared south Friday from captured Seoul A toward a new allied defense line A U S 8th army officer said red soldiers were pouring down secondary roads and through valleys toward Wonju B and that if they turn west from there broken arrow they might seal off UN troops moving south of Seoul Allied planes already were bombing Seoul and Kimpo its main airfield bomb Yanks Pull Out Defense May Depend on Japan Chiang Penn Student Pleads Innocent to Draft Evasion Moines 28 year old Penn college student who served 8 months in 1949 for draft evasion Friday pleaded innocent to two charges of violating the selective service act when arraigned in fed eral district court Henry Joseph Standing of Earl ham was sentenced to 18 months in a federal prison on Jan 22 1949 and served8 months of the sentence given him for failing to register with the Mahaska county draft board On Nov 21 1950 Standing was arrested on a federal indictment charging him with failure to fill out a draft questionnaire and failure to report for induction He has been at liberty on a bond since river and were headed for Inchon There were no allied losses men in the Inchon area reported to general headquarters here On land American and British units fought a brilliant rearguard action out of Seoul and on to the road to the southeast The British troops were particu larly brilliant in a hand to hand bayonet battle with Chinese reds in a village before they reached Seoul on their withdrawal British Brilliant Their Churchill tanks and field guns plus the great courage of the men helped them to fight their way out of one ambush after an other The Americans coverinf the South for Winter St Charles Mo UR The black panther hunt here has gone to the dogs Reports that a large black beast was roaming the woods spurred a group of 300 hunters on an unsuc cessful search for it earlier this week Those who had seen the animal were sure it was a panther But Friday Morgan Bakewell socialite farmer living two miles north of here logically reasoned that the panther actually was his missing Labrador rettif ver AP Wirephoto AWAKENS AFTER 5 MONTHS Schmutz 18 is believed recovering after a 5 months coma following an automobile accident She re gained consciousness in Indio Cal Million Paid to Iowa Vets in Bonus DCS Moines World war II veterans bonus payments which went to 16 of the states 99 coun ties totaled more than each the Iowa World war II bonus board reported Friday The board emphasized that the totals which went to the counties do not represent the final figures The board ran out of money last summer and is awaiting an addi tional from the legisla ture with which to complete the payments So far 184093 veterans living in lovva have been paid a total of In addition 37691 former lowans who either are liv ing in other states now or are still in the service were paid a to tal of 514982861 Further 7468 beneficiary claims have been paid in the total amount of That makes the total paid out to date on 229252 claims The board was given 000000 to make the payments But the number of claims and the amount of the average payment ran considerably heavier than originally anticipated The report on number of claims paid per county and the total amounts paid veterans in each county include NO OK COUNTY CLAIMS Hrrmrr 101 Bulltr Ctrro Gtirdfl 38M Chlckmaw Emmet Ffllr 1ti34 Floyit I in Franklin Sft Hancock VSS llnrdln I MS Howard 7J5 lltimboldl Kossuth IS7R Mitchell Alto 1014 Hlnnrbmo 14 Wlnncuhltk Worth Wrljht AMOUNT 5 3TJ9IMI AM ssinas SM4V SB947J SVI143 S7V4M SMW Mt1S7 LECOMPTE BILL Washington ff Rep Le Comptc RIowa has introduced legislation to authorize installation of voting machines in the U S house ot representatives By ELTON C FAY AF Military Affairs Reporter Washington IP If American forces pull out of pos sibility now moving toward a prolonged argu menthere over fullscale aid to Chinese on Formosa may Abandonment of Korea would leave strategists with two choices To rest the Pacific defense perim eter oh Japan or with Nationalist Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek in establishing an outer bastion on the line close to the shores of communistheld China United States policy now as fixed by President Truman and the state department is to give only enough equipment and mil itary advice to enable the nation alists to maintain an adequate de fense against possible attack from the communist mainland There1 are no American troops planes or ships based in Formosa Policy Challenged This policy has beenchallenged in some congressional quarters and has figured prominently in criticism of state department pol icy from these Capitol hill quar ters Back of this current policy has been the reasoning that full aid to Chiang might involve the United States in open direct war with China But when masses of Chinese troops swarmed into Korea to in tervene and fight American sol diers new angles of the picture began to evolve Now there is speculation that if the Chinese reds drive UN forces out of South Korea the case of aggression against the communists may be so strong that there no longer can be reason for giving only minimum assistance to the nationalists on Formosa That assistance however might not mean that American ground forces would engage Chinese com munist armies unless the reds gambled on an invasion of For mosa Naval Blockade Instead it could assume a form of tight naval blockade of com munist ports warships and air craft bombardment of communist cities within reach of forces based on Formosa substantial help in additional air and ground equip ment for Chiangs forces and help for the nationalist guerrillas on the Chinese mainland Thursday President Truman was still precisely careful in talking about future action against the Chinese reds He was asked at a news conference if it wasnt true the United States would ask UN for permission before bombing China This question was predi cated on the present situation in volving the Korean Chinese com munist attack and proposals that supply centers in China should be bombed Mr Truman replied that ves it was true SAME Stock ftaff ta fart M bMn v f
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