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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 4, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER 0 FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEI6HIORS HOME EDITION No 74 VOL LV11 and Unltwl PnH full Wlm Five Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 4 1951 Thin Paper Consists of Two AP WIrephoto RAYBURN TAKES OATH AS SPEAKER Sam Rayburn upper right is sworn in as speaker of the house for the 82nd congress by Rep Adolph Sabath lower left in a ceremony in the house chamber Wednesday in the nations capitol Rayburns election was one of the 1st pieces of business as the new congress got underway G 0 PSouthern Democratic Coalition Controls Congress By WILLIAM F ARBOGAST Washington coalition of republicans and southern demo crats was firmly entrenched in control of the 82nd congress Thursday biding its time to smack down many ofPresident Trumanls fair deal proposals Its leaders promised clear sail Ing however for anything the co alition considers vital to national defense The tight hold the antiTruman group has on the new house was demonstrated clearly on the open ing day Wednesday Rough for President There was no comparable show of strength as the senate held a routine 38 minute organization session But the party division democrats and 47 re the fact that ad ministration democrats had pre viously been unable to elect an allout Truman supporter as a majority leader indicated rough going for the president there A similar informal GOPDixie coalition bottled up or rejected much of Mr Trumans domestic program in the last congress Be cause of increased republican strength in the new congress it promised to be even more potent in the next two critical years This was pointed up in the house when the coalition by a lopsided 244 to 179 vote again vested in the rules committee a virtual stranglehold on the legis lative program The rules committee is domi nated by a coalition of 4 repub licans and 4 southern democrats the minority actually being 4 northern democrats It is the rules committees function to de cide are to be acted upon in the house Change Erased To clip the groups wings dem ocrats two years ago changed the house code to permit bypassing the rules committee 21 days after a bills approval by other regu lar committees It was that change which the coalition erased Wednesday Voting to return to the old sys tem which Democratic Leader Me Cor mack of Massachusetts claimed gave dictatorial power to the coalition were 152 repub licans and 92 democrats Against it were 136 democrats 42 repub licans and 1 independent Advocates of the change claimed It was necessary to prevent ac tion on undesirable and costly nondefense bills Opponents ar gued that a majority of the rules group should not be allowed to tell the house what it can consider ASKS INVESTIGATION Washington a letter to Chairman Grosser DOhio of the house interstate commerce committee Rep DWUver R Iowa has requested a full dress congressional hearing on color television He wrote that there is presently a great deal of mis understanding and confusion in the public mind concerning color television Costly Fire Sweeps City of Evansville Evansville Ind that started in a dry goods store in the heart of down town Evansville early Thursday swept through 8 buildings and caused damage es timated at from to 000000 The lower estimate was made by State Fire Marshall Alex Hougland who came here from Indianapolis to investigate the blaze Clarence Basseimer the Evans ville fire chief made the higher estimate Bassemier pointed out that the blaze had destroyed some of the citys largest business estab lishments and that they were heavily stocked with merchan dise The cause of the fire was not known One fireman was overcome by smoke and was sent to a hospital Another fireman and an uniden tified person suffered minor in juries The fire started in the Economy dry goods store about a m CST and spread to the Wal green drug store the Evansville Federal Savings and Loan build ing the Reed shoe store and the Bon Marche womens clothing store It raged out of control for 4 hours before firemen from several Illinois and Indiana cities got the upper hand The fire jumped across main street and gutted Hoffmans de partment store one of the largest in this city of 140000 in south western Indiana Destroyed next were Kruckmeyer and Conn Jewelry company and Baynham shoe store Several other buildings were damaged by water smoke and heat 8AMK DATE19502 54 ktiri Europe Must Sacrifice Soys Eisenhower Washington Dwight D Eisenhower said Thursday the European democracies must make equal sacrifices with America if forces are to be built up capable of defending Europe and main taining peace Preparing to leave for his com bined European command he told a news conference If every sacrifice by America is not matched by equal sacrifices of the European democracies this thing cannot win At the conference he also said 1 I believe that this move ment among the western democ racies is one for peace and noth ing else The western world feels it has the right and duty to itself to live in tranquility That is all we are trying to do 2 He will visit each capital of the North Atlantic treaty organ ization nations during the trip which he will start about noon Saturday He will return to the United States around the end of January for a few days of con ferences then go back to Europe 3 The purpose of this 1st trip is to talk with the officials of the various countries and re assure myself that we are not working at cross purposes 4 He does not know yet what the set up of the supreme head quarters command will be and does not expect this 1st trip to produce a complete set of plans for that lowan Denies Knowing of Paid Hanley Debt By FRANK OBRIEN Washington investigators say an Iowa man ufacturer to whom former Lt Gov Joe R Hanley of New York purportedly paid a debt denies any knowl edge of the transaction Furthermore the senate probers said they have been unable to find any record of an Iowa bank failure which Hanley according to some press reports has said was the cause of his debts In Al bany Hanley wouldnt discuss the report This was announced Wednesday by Senator Gillette DIowa chairman of the senate elections subcommittee Hanleys personal finances became the heart of an election time sensation last year Hanley wrote to former Rep Kingsland Macy New York re publican that he had stepped aside as candidate for the repub lican gubernatorial nomination to run for the senate after being promised that if he failed in his senate attempt he would get a state job which would allow him to clear up his debts Appointment Gov Thomas E Dewey was re nominated and subsequently re elected while Hanley lost to Sen ator Lehman DLibNY Later Hanley was appointed to the a year post of special counsel to the New York state di vision of veterans affairs Gillette said his committee which looks into reports pf elec tion irregularities affecting the senate received a complaint and began an investigation of Han leys finances Gillette said the subcommittee authorized him to make an in terim report on the investigation because of published reports about it He said the committee had a photographic copy of a cancelled note made out by Hanley and Mrs Joe E Hanley to C C Hagerman of Muscatine Iowa for and dated July 1 1939 statement said in vestigators for the senate probers got in touch with C C Hager mann president of the Hawkeye Pearl Button Co of Muscatine The subcommittee report used the spelling of Hagerman through out for the name on the note and Hagermann for the name of the manufacturer interviewed in Surprised The report said Hagermann evidenced complete surprise when shown the copy of the can celled note and said he had never made any loan or gift to Hanley or advancedhimany funds and had never received any payments from him In Muscatine Wednesday night Hagermann said he knew Hanley 30 or 40 years ago but had had no contacts with him in recent years He declined to comment beyond what was in the commit tee report Complete Control of Prices Seen Washington resident Truman said Thursday he thought eventually this country would come to complete acrossthe board wageprice controls This would cover food and all other items in the cost of living he said Mr Truman told a news coiv ference that the administration is working on the wageprice control machinery and hopes to put it into effect as rapidly as possible Change of Law He said controls would be ap plied as speedily as possible in necessary areas within the present law but he said it would take a legislative change to bring food prices under control Asked whether he would rec commend a change in the present limitation on controlling food prices unless the individual items rise above parity the president advised reporters to wait for his state of the union message The president also said tills country is not considering asking the United Nations for permission to bomb communist China Mr Truman expressed the feat at a news conference that to take such a plan under consideration might involve actual formally de clared war with the communist regime Permission Not Needed At the same time the president said the time had not arisen to consult congress on a declaration of war but that he did not be lieve he needed congressional per mission to send additional Ameri can troops to Europe The president under intensive questioning made it clear that this country would not bomb com munist China without United Na tions permission He again ex pressed the hope that diplomatic negotiations might still bring an end to the fighting in Korea The president 1st was asked to discuss the deteriorating military situation in Korea but he de clined to comment At what point will you have to consult congress on the constitu tional right to declare war he was asked Mr Truman immediately labeled this a confusing question intended for that purpose Service Troops Removed From Inchon by UN Reet May Extend Draft Term to 27 Months Meadowlark Finds Comfort in Winter Washington will be asked to extend from 21 to 27 months the time to be served by draftees Chairman Vinson D Ga of the house armed services committee said Thursday Vinson told reporters he ex pects the department of defense to send up to congress an overall universal military service measure within the next few days His committee will begin hearings on Jan 18 Vinson said many details of the proposal have not yet been defi nitely worked out but that it is well settled that the serv ice extension will be asked The Pentagon is still debating whether to ask congress to lower the draft age so asto call 18 year olds to active duty he related Under the present selective service act men between the ages of 19 through 25 are liable to service They are required to reg ister when they reach their 18th birthday Vinson further reported that the military leaders liave under con sideration the possibility of asking that the top age bracket be raised with the new top to apply to single men and to married men without children However Vinson stressed there will be no changes in the draft act to permit the call up of veterans whose service in the past excludes them under the present law We have told the defense de partment that veterans are not to be drafted Vinson said appar ently speaking the committees mind Vinson said that the 1st thing to be done by the defense depart ment is to completely review deferments granted under the present law Call for Condition of All National Banks Washington The comptrol ler of the currency Thursday is sued a call for a statement of the condition of all national banks at the close of business Dec 30 The federal reserve board issued a similar call to state banks in its system The federal deposit insur ance corporation did the same for FDIC members not covered by the other two calls and Mrs Oscar Thayer who live northwest of Northwood near the Minnesota line report that a meadow lark has been seen in the barn yard all winter The bird feeds with the hogs and apparently stays in the hog house It obtains its water from the tank where the hogsdrink Ordinarily the meadow lark is one of the latest of the migratory birds to return in the spring This one seems perfectly contented with the winter so far Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear Thursday night with low near 10 below In creasing cloudiness with snow likely by Friday afternoon High near 15 Iowa Partly cloudy and colder Thursday night with occasion al light snow northeast Low Thursday night hear zero north except locally 10 to 20 below during temporary clearing Southern Iowa low 5 to 10 above Friday mostly cloudy with light snow beginning west portion High Friday 5 to 15 above north 15 to 25 south Fur ther outlook Light snow Fri day night and Saturday fore noon Not quite so cold Friday night Low Friday night 10 to 18 Clearing late Saturday high 15 to 24 Minnesota Partly cloudly and much colder Thursday night with light snow ending north and west portion Thursday eve ning and southeast portion late Thursday night Friday partly cloudy and cold Low Thursday night 515 below north but lo cally 25 below and 5 above to 5 below south portion High Friday zero to 5 below north 510 above south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum 19 Minimum 10 At 8 a m 19 Precipitation 02 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 10 N t J AP WIrephoto REDS ATTACK WEST OF seizing abandoned Seoul red forces crossed Han river to attack retreating UN troops west of the South Korean capital Reds were attempting to push UN troops into the Yellow sea at Inchon The allied fleet ship symbols was standing off Inchon for possible evacuation of UN troops west pf Seoul A battle was reported raging southwest of Kapyong A reported force of 180000 Chinese and Korean reds was driving toward Wonju C threatening to trap allied forces to the west and north Take No More A F Inductees for Time Being Des Moines Des Moines induction station for army en listees has ordered its substations in the state to send no more air force enlistees for the time being to Des Moines Major H S Graham said Wednesday a temporary halt of shipments of enlistees into Des Moines had to be called to enable the station to process and induct a backlog of about 150 men He said the station is capable of handling only about 60 men a day Temporary The temporary halt orders does not affect enlistments he said Re cruiting stations in Iowa will con tinue to enlist men desiring to join the army air force Enlistments in both the air force and navy have jumped greatly in the last few days Many of the service applicants are college stu dents expecting to receive draft calls They may not enlist after receiving orders to report for pre induction examinations Some of these students fearful of the draft call are particularly anxious to get to Des Moines to complete their processing and to be inducted At Iowa City Ted McCarrell University of Iowa registrar said 71 men left school Tuesday and 15 Wednesday Most of them had en listed in either the navy or air force during the Christmas vaca tion At nearby Cedar Rapids the navy recruiting office said 200 men had been in its office Wednes day compared with 15 the day be fore Drake university officials said in Des Moines that 25 students had either left school within the last two days to enlist or plan to sign up within a short time Recruiting Boom The navy with more than 150 enlistments in Iowa Wednesday had its biggest recruiting boom since World war II Major Graham said that as soon as the large group of air force en listees now awaiting processing in Des Moines has been cleaned up the station again will start receiv ing enlistees from out in the state In the future he said the station plans to take about only 60 a day to prevent backlogs The temporary halt called here not affect those enlistees who would go to Omaha for their pro cessing and induction At the Mason City army and air force recruiting station J E Freekcn officer in charge said Thursday that the order received forced cancellation of the depart ure of between 100 and 150 appli cants scheduled to go to Des Moines Thursday to complete en listment processing He emphasized that enlistments arc not closed and that applica tions arc still being accepted The men who were to leave Thursday will probably go Tuesday though UN Air Force Slaughters Reds by Hundreds Around Capital the date is only tentative Freeken said He reported more than 40 long distance calls to inquire about the order Thursday and more than 100 men visiting the office Some of these were new applicants and others were among those who had planned to leave Thursday North lowan Aboard Plane in Forced Landing Chicago Fortynine per sons were saved Thursday by the skillful work of t h e pilot who made a forced landing of a C46 airliner minutes after the takeoff All 49 walked or were taken to safety seconds before two gasoline tanks exploded and the big craft burst into flames Occupants of the plane were 46 passengers in cluding a 10 months old baby and a crew of 3 Three persons suffered minor injuries and an expectant mother among the passengers was also taken to a hospital Sumner Man Two lowans were passengers on the plane They were B J Swaney Cedar Rapids and R H Smith ot Sumner Through adept handling by Pi lot Marvin Staddon the plane was landed in an open field after it failed to gain altitude after tak ing off from Midway airport Tbe plane one passenger reported bounced along the open field skidded into a haystack and re mained upright The fire broke out after all 48 had left the ship It still was burning in the field a few blocks fromthe airport several hours later The plane was landed at 58th street near Massolt avenue on the citys far southwest side near the big Midway airport formerly known as the Municipal airport The plane owned by the Mon arch Air Service Inc had left the airport at a m CST on a special flight to Newark N J where it was due at 6 a m CST Staddon 40 of Maywood N J Arthur Howarth 37 copilot of Miami Fla and Clarence Hyde 29 of Marlton N J a passenger were treated for cuts and bruises on the face and hands at Holy Cross hospital and released Credits Pilot Thank God for that pilot was the comment of one passenger Howard Kastel 18 a Harvard university freshman Kastel of suburban Glencoe who rescued an unidentified baby from the plane just before it burst into flames told how the pilot kept the plane under control as it bounced 3 times on the ground before coming to rest 100 feet from a small bungalow occupied by 7 persons With the 5th Air Force Korea Nations air fleets slaughtered Chinese troops by the hundreds hi and around fallen Seoul Thursday in the greatest aroundtheclock air offensive of the war Maj Gen Earl E Partridge commander of the 5th air force said his fighters and fighter bombers all day literally mowed down communist forces march ing into flaming Seoul Smoke from burning buildings and the destroyed installations of abandoned Kimpo airfield covered the South Korean capital area like more runs F84 Thunderjets added to the destruction by dousing 20 Seoul buildings harboring communist troops with flamingjellied gaso line They added further to the smoke pall by machinegunnin and setting ablaze 50 barrels of gasoline and dil One Thunderjet pilot 1st Lt James L West of Canton N Car said of the scene below It waslikewatching an ant hill on fire Refugees were streaming in every direction even north Carrier Planes Too Navy and carrier based planes joined in the campaign of death and destruction Still other allied aircraft hit the Mansan and Kaesong areas north west of Seoul Yonchon north of the fallen capital and the em battled mountain area far east and southeast of Seoul Altogether preliminary reports indicated at least 1000 enemy troops were killed or wounded during the days raids This boost ed the toll of enemy troops ex acted by the air forces alone in the past 4 days to nearly 5000 More than 3000 allied planes were believed to have taken part in the offensive Between 800 and 900 were landbased and the re mainder were from carriers 8th Army Retreats by Land By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo allies aban doned Seouls port of Inchon under cover of naval gunfire Thursday night as the Chi nese reds who seized the fire gutted Seoul swarmed west and south across the frozen Han river Most of the United Nations forces leaving Inchon after thor ough demolitions of port facilities were service troops reported AP Correspondent Tom Stone The main body of the U S 8th army was pulling back southward by land rather than via Inchon The last ships including two tanklanding ships that had to wait for high tide were uled to be out of Inchon before daylight Stone reported In the Works Indicating that retirement from the port 22 miles west of Seoul had been planned for some time Stone noted that the ships had been loaded with war equipment for days As they had done in quitting Hungnarn in northeast Korea in December the allies gave a lift out of Inchon to thousands of Korean civilian refugees Held back by the 8inch guns of the Heavy Cruiser Rochester firing inland almost to Seouls suburbs reds were across theHan river in estimated battalion strength Their swift followup of the capture of Seoul required the allied pullout to avoid a pin cers thrat on Inchon It was from an amphibious landing at Inchon the allies crushed most ofthe North Ko rean red army in a vise last Sep tember Seoul was retaken from the reds then and the Korean war seemed in its But the sheer weight of shriek ing and seemingly endless Chinese red manpower forced allied troops to quit the ancient devastated South Korean capital Thursday They blew the last bridges over the frozen Han river at noon Nearby Kimpo airfield was aban doned after its installations went up in an awesome tower of smoke and flame Frightened Mass Only a frightened fragment of Seouls normal 1500000 popula a pall but did hot hide the enemy tjor remained in the ruined city from avenging airmen Jets Strike F80 Shooting Star jels of the 51st fighter interceptor wing alone accounted for 450 enemy troops killed or wounded in two strikes against Seouls northwest suburbs Mustang pilots of the 18th fighterescort wing cut down 250 with rocket and strafing Among the bewildered civilians unable or unwilling to leave were lost children wandering aimless ly Dusty roads to the south were choked with military traffic and a pitiful mass of humanity AP Correspondent Stan Swinton reported the order to abandon Seoul and its defenses to the north came as a complete sur prise to allied frontline units They had just been told to hold at any cost A British brigade fought a suc cessful delaying action while other units withdrew orderly Then an American division took School Bond Issue at LeRoy Approved LeRoy a special school bond election here Wednes day voters of the independent dis trict favored an issue of to supplement one for approved last April 12 At Wednesdays election 220 ballots were cast of which 190 were in favor 30 opposed This gives the school district with which to expand the school facilities and retain present rating for state aid its Swinton said the British were ambushed on Seouls outskirts about midnight but fought through the trap Helicopters brought out British wounded Carrier planes joined 5th air force bombers and fighters in lay ing an explosive curtain to shield the withdrawals Emptied At p m Thursday a m the U S 8th army announced Seoul had been suc cessfully emptied of all UN troops General MacArthurs war sum mary called attention to the wide flanking movement in the middle of the peninsula He reported an estimated 180000 Chinese and Ko rean reds were driving toward Wonju 55 miles southeast of Seoul Wonjus capture he added would place the reds in a position to trap allied forces to the west and north It also would menace the main route to Pusan old beachhead supply port in south east Korea Thats the route down which most of Seouls population has fled Thackrcys fleet warships pounded reds rushing down the west coast toward Inchon AP Correspondent Tom Stone aboard the Cruiser Rochester said the bombardment began Wednesday night U S marine and naval planes roared off carriers to strike at the reds around the clock Far east air forces planes kept up a drum ming 72hour attack that head quarters estimated cost the com munists more than 5500 and 4000 buildings housing men and material Aground it was a dark day for United Nations arms MacArthur reported a
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