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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 29, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANI NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION LVII Associated Press and United Presi Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITV IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 29 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One 44 2 Yank Divisions Escape Across River Sen Tydings Tells of New War Plan Toft Says General War Danger Greater Than Two Weeks Ago Washington Tyd ings DMd said Wednesday after a conference with defens officials that mass invasion by hundreds of thousands of trained Chinese troops in Korea calls for a complete new war plan Tydings said that at a closed door meeting with the senate armed services committee defense officials described the Korean sit uation as very grave He hinted the new war plans are being de veloped now The report came chiefly from Lt Gen Alfred M Gruenther a top army strategy expert and Under Secretary of Defense Robert A Lovett after the committee asked Defense Secretary Marshall for battlefront details Invasion a Surprise General MacArthur is incon stant communications with top officials here Tydings told re porters adding his personal be lief that the mass Chinese inva sion had been a big surprise Tydings told reporters The number of Chinese troops that has been poured in is abou 200000 and there is another con tinuing big build up in Manchuria So far a terrific toll of death has teen inflicted upon the Chinese invaders by United Nations and United States forces with propor tionately small losses by UN and U S forces Chinese morale how ever was reported high Asks Ultimatum Senator OMahoney BWyo told the senate Tuesday that the United States should serve Rus sia with an ultimatum to get Chi nese communist troops put of Ko rea He said the Chinese reds the agents of Russian Masters andfailure to issue an ultimatum would condemn this country for lack of courage Senator said on a broadcastTuesday night thai the danger of a new world war Is greater now than it was pfff weeksago but he still ishopfeftd it can be avoided V Taft said the policies of Presi dent Truman and Secretary of State Acheson have got us into a niess and he doesnt think they know what to do about it He added that he cant tell them He said he does not think the point has been reached where the atomic bomb should be used Stop Fiddling Around Another republican S enat or of New Jersey said in a statementthat it is time for the nation to stop fiddling around and get prepared to face an all out mobilization Chairman Connally DTex called for appropriate action by the UN security council Senators Brewster RMaine and Bridges RNH suggested that Gen Douglas MacArthur be givenauthority to use the atomic bomb if he sees1 fit Use of the bomb was proposed by Reps Cole RN Yi and Rivers DS The possibility of Abomb use reported to have been dis cussed at a meeting of the house foreign affairs committee Tuesday with Secretary of State Acheson High defense officials said how ever there is no consideration now of Abomb use Cost of Living HitsAIITime October Washington UR The cost of Hying hif an alltime high on Oct 15 rising sixtenths of one per cent from Sept 15 the bureau of labor statistics said Wednesday The figure meant a pay raise for up to 900000 workers whose contracts have cost of living es calator cents an hour oh the regular BLS index and 3 cents for those whose companies accepted an increase in the meth od of figuring rents Jn Detroit General Motors imT mediately announced that approx imately 357000 hourlyrated workers will get a 3 cents per hour cost of living increase effective with the 1st pay period after Dec I Approximately 80000 eligible GM salaried employes will receive an additional total of cost of living hike for the period between Dec 1 1950 andMarch 1 1951 to be paid at the close of the quar ter next March The food index at 209 was still S6 per cent less than the July 1948 record high df 2168 Egg prices rose 74 per cent in the month dairy products 29 fruits and vegetables 13 coffee 21 and cereals and bakery prod ucts a fraction Meat prices fell S3 per cent led by a 12 per cent drop in the cost of pork chops Fish prices rose 56 per cent U S Plans Allied Talks to Avoid Split on China By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Chinese communist offensive in Korea has confronted the United States with the gravest de cisions since the start of Worldwar II administration of ficials said Wednesday The governments present intention they said is to dea with the situation in the United Nations and through inten consultation Army Sees No Disaster in Korea Washington IP An army spokesman described the situation in Korea Wednesday as serious but not catastrophic and striking a note of confidence said the United States has faced worse and has come out of it Hemadethe statement in cau tioning reporters at the Pentagon against over pessimism His assessment came atop earlier assurances to newsmen that high defense officials believe Gen Douglas MacArthur has enough machines and firepower to prevent a military disaster Explaining why the Chinese have advanced despite U S tanks artillery and planes the spokes man said the answer is the way totalitarian governments use their troops with utter disregard of human life He said the Chinese communist losses undoubtedly have been heavy and added That doesnt perturb them a bit If an army is willing to take sufficient losses he added it can always achieve local successes Declaring the Chinese face a difficult supply problem the spokesman said In the past the Chinese armies lave been well known for their failures in logistics Logistics is he science ofsupply and support ing military forces MacArthur Had Hopes When He Said Christmas Washington did Gen Douglas MacArthur mean in his lomebyChristmas remark last week Nothing more than a light com ment that expressed everybodys hope the Korean fighting would end soon MacArthur said in a message received at the Penta on Ray Henle Washington radio commentator cabled General VTacArthur for the explanation and said he received this reply In reply to question contained m your cable of Nov 28 appar ently greatly exaggerated state ments havebeen attributed to ome informal comments passed setween my field commanders and myself in a jocular vein expres ive of the universal hope for an arly termination of hostilities The evident physical impossi lility of fulfillment of the state ment attributed to me should be ts own best refutation At no time have I ever at emped to predict the course or erminatipn of this or any other campaign sive consultation with Brit ain France and other UN member allies in the struggl against spreading red power in Asia These consultations are alreadj under way Some authorities sal they may involve proposals for th use of political and economic sane tionsagainst communist China by the UN May Cut Off Trade Sanctions could mean cutting of all trade with China by noncom munist countries and curtailin or withdrawing diplomatic rec ognition accorded the Peiping re gime by some countries Diplomats reported Presiden Truman Secretary of State Ache son and other government leader are determined on full consulta tions with allied nationsto avoic a split in the UN anticommunis coalition which might result if th U S acted alone The national security council with Mr Truman presiding talkec over the new crisis for an hour and 15 minutes Tuesday Persons familiar with the situation saic the secret session produced no hard and fast decisions on new steps to be taken It did result these informants said in a general agreement to continue pressing in the UN for adoption of a pending resolution demanding that the Chinese ge theirtroops out of Korea This issomewhat short of pro posing that the UN brand rec China as an aggressor which thi U S government did on its own Tuesday Formal action on thischarge re portedly wonlt be sought now be cause it would haveto be accom panied by proposals actionto deal aggression anil ther is no jfinal5agreement5o far on what steps should be taken Offi cials said that such questions whether to carry the fight to Chi nese territory by bombing supply centers north of the Korean bor der still arent answered Still a Question It isnt known for certain here whether the Chinese communists intend to launch a fullscale war or whether they are only harass ng UN forcesin a series of mass Border actions The increasing tendency is to fear they mean to drive UN forces out of Korea There is apparently a strong de sire on the part of the countrys diplomatic and military leaders to avoid becoming involved in a gen eral war in Asia West Union Hires Garner School Superintendent West Union Ballan tyne superintendent of the Gar ner schools for the past 3 years las been hired as superintendent of the West Union schools He will ill the vacancy left by the death of C B Christian late in October Ballantyne will teach advanced algebra and trigonometry AP Wircphoto PLAN TO Henry 0 Talle RIowa and Mrs Gladyce Rubel Carey of Washington and Beverly Hills Cal pose at a reception in Washington Tuesday night They are to be married in Washington on Friday Rep Talle is 57 and Mrs Carey is 43 NORTH KORtA REDSCONTINUE SWEEP THROUGH UN LINES Chinese forces A forced withdrawal of allied units across the Chpngchon river in northwest Korea Wednesday U S24th division was reported battling in the Pakchon area to hold open an escape route across theAnju bridge as withdrawal was all but complete Other red columns B poured through the Tokchon gap with one driving on the Kuno area another toward Pukchang and a 3rd aimed broken arrows at either Sunchon or Songchon In the north central area reds attacked on 3 sides of the Changjin reservoir Council of Churches a UN for Protestants Is Formed By KEN DAVIS Cleveland JP The Nationa Council of the Churches of Chris Jtfations for America pr6testantspcame into being Wed nesday amid trumpet fanfare am stirring pageantry Dr Franklin Clark Fry of Nev Yprk president of the United ffieraaSchurch intoned IfiTdeclare that the Nationa Councilof the Church of Christ in the United States of America is officially constituted Let us now dedicate it to the glory of God and to the service of mankind 31000000 Represented The words unitedthe work o more than 31000000 communi cants of 29 protestaht and eastern orthodox churches one ofthe most significant religious move ments since the days of Martin Luther and the reformation With Wednesdays formal cer emony the good works of a major egment of American protestanism vill be coordinated under term if a constitution which begins In the province of God the ime has come when it seems fit ing more fully to manifest the essential oneness of the Christian hurches of the United States of America in Jesus Christ Uxnam Speaks The Korean crisis added still more solemnity to the founding of he national council Methodist Bishop G Bromley Oxnam of New York introduced a esolution calling for the National Council to consider framing a for mal statement of its views on in ernational policy If the bishops uggestion is followed a coinmit ee will embody these views in a message to the president to be made public for all the people He aid he offered the motion because many of the clergy and laity have xpressed grave concern over the Korean crisis The motion was adopted and the statement will be repared later Brents Favor School Dances at Lake Mills Lake Mills At a recent elec ion by the P T A on the ques ion of dancing in the schools the esult showed 63 per cent in fay r of dancing and 37 per cent op losed The P T A sent 253 ballots to he parents of children in school nd out of this number 139 voted 83 voted no 10 ballots were poiled and two had written in square dancing loyd Totes Son n Grave Condition Fort Dodge Tate 9 son ofCoach Floyd Tate f Spencer was reported in grave ondition Wednesday with in uries he suffered Saturday in an uto accident in which his father vas killed Condition of the boys brother erry 11 was reported as fair nd of his mother as good All are in Lutheran hospital at Fort Dodge See Change in Draft Law Washington member o the senate armed services commit tee said Wednesday it appear certain congress will be askedtc changethe draft law so as toge more manpower into the armed services This senator whoasked not to be identified by name toldtha to a reporter after the committee lad discussed the Korean situa tion behind closed doors with de fense department officials Onlymen aged 19 to 26 are now being drafted There was no hint what changes are under consideration Bridges Scores Rumor That Bradley to Sub MacArthur Washington UR SenStyles Bridges has reported a rumor that Gen Omar N Bradleychairman of the joint chiefs of staff will replace Gen Douglas MacArthur as United Na tions commander in Korea Bridges protested that it would e an irreparable blunder to remove MacArthur from his com mand He said the generals mil tary genius is needed to offset the political mistakes of the Tru manAcheson combine The rumor was one of many circulating through official Wash ngton as a result of the setbacks n Korea A check of official sources however failed to sub stantiate it North lowan Wins Livestock Honors Chicago at the In ernational Livestock exposition Wednesday included Champion breeding Shopshire ewe A J Moore Butler Ind Re erve E H Rotter Son West oint Iowa PAY 5300 FINES Des Moines Talerico iperator of Vics TallyHo restau rant here and an employe each paid fines Tuesday after heading guilty to liquor nuisance charges SAME Whltt no traffic In 34 hoars Dean Acheson to Tell Nation of Korea Crisi Washington State Acheson will speak to th jiataon p m Wednesday nigh CST on the crisis in Korea The state department announce that the secretarys 30minute ad dress will be broadcast by th Mutual ABC and CBS networks Acheson will speak from his offic in the state department Riley Named by Truman for Judgeship Washington Tru man Wednesday nominatedWil liam F Riley to be U S distric udge for southern Iowa Riley would succeed Charles A Devvey retired Riley was recommended by Sen ator Gillette who If months ago suggested Presides Truman give the Judgeship to either Riley or Ed Halbach p Clinton Iowa Instead Mr Truman nominate Carroll O Switzer of Des Moines who was the unsuccessful demo cratic nominee for governor o Iowa in 1948 The senate adjourned in 1949 without taking action on the Swit zer nomination Mr Truman sent t to the senate again last January and it was overwhelmingly re ected by the senate last August Switzer has been serving on the bench without pay since the senate him There were reports last week hat Switzer probably would re ign and would be nominated for ome other federal position These eports circulated after Gillette as visited by Jake More of Har an Iowa democratic chairman Gillette expressed pleasure on learing the presidents nomination f Riley The senator said he is onfident Riley will be confirmed iy the senate Weather Report FORECAST owa Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday turnine colder north portion Thursday afternoon High Wednesday 35 east to 45 west Low Wednesday night 1520 north 2025 south ilinnesota Cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday with light snow north portion Warmer south portion Wednesday night Colder north portion Thursday Low Wednesday night 515 above north 1622 south High Thursday 1218 north 2632 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Vednesday Maximum 23 Minimum 12 At 8 a m 15 Precipitation Trace fEAR AGO Maximum 56 Minimum 30 But Big Allied Force Faces Red Chinese Trap By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Two American divisions escaped south across the icy Chongchon river in northwest Korea Wednesday nese reds swarming through a wide gap threatened totrap a big allied force The Chinese offensive mass of morethan 200000 men was reported using tanks for the 1st time A spokesman at advanced U S 8th army headquartejrs I said one communist column had cut within 30 miles of the former red Korean capital of Pyongyang He said the red force was neat Sinchang northeast of the old cap ital but did not disclose it size 3 Columns Roll C PVl At least other red Chinese col Saved UN Trap By DON HUTH U S 8th Army Headquarters Korea P Lt Gen Walton H Walker said in a statement Wed nesday night the assault launched by the 8th army 5 days ago prob ably saved our forces from a trap which might well have destroyed them The 8th army chief returned from Tokyo where he and Maj Gen Edward Almond comman der of the 10th corps were sum moned Tuesday night for an ur gent conference with General MacArthur MacArthur made a statement similar to Walkers in a special communique Tuesday General Walkers statement said Had we waited passively in place the 200000 Chinese troops ihrown against my lines would lave increased within a short tune to double that From be yond the Yalu river they would have undoubtedly brought the 200000 additional Chinese troops known to be assembled there We naturally ha d hoped to find at least some semblance of truth in the public assurances of the Chinese communist authori ties that no formal inter vention had been perpetrated However only by assault tactics could the actualities finallydeveloped In nay opinion this saved my possible destruction The timing of our attack to de velop the situation was indeed most fortunate Yugoslavia Greece Agree Athens Greece ion of full diplomatic relations setween Greece and Yugoslavia vas announced Tuesday night 3remier Sophocles Venizelos said an exchange of diplomatic repre entatives had been agreed on Though relations between the wo neighboring nations were riot ormally severed they have been nonexistence for two fears since Greece during her civ il war accused Marshal Titos government of aiding he Greek red guerrillas Under tanding between Greece and Yu oslavia has improved gradually iirice Tito was ousted from the ominform Burned Mason City jirl Is Improved The condition of Shirley Gal agher 8yearold Mason City girl jurned in a trailer fire Monday s still serious but improving Park hospital attendants said Wednes day morning The girls vliile she was doing dishes in her larents trailer house at the Pen ington trailer camp just north f Mason City on highway 65 She suffered 3rd degree burns ler parents were away at work vhen her dress evidently came n contact with a stove burner he ran from the trailer attract ng the attention of Mrs Bob oderick who tore off her dress md wrapped her in a blanket umns were reported rolling down through the Tokchongap in wide sweeps against theallies exposed right flank This was where communist at tacks earlier had crumpled 3 South Korean divisions Another Chinese force was re ported attacking for the 1st time on the extreme left flank but tha spokesman did not give the loca tion A Chinese breakthrough in force to the would seal off large elements of the 110000 man force fighting for life in the northwest The Chinese red attack was mounted by 200000 or more with more pouring in steadily from Manchuria First in Korea The 24th division 1st American outfit to fight in Korea last was reported in the Pakchon area north of the river holding open an escape route across the Airju bridge The ROK 1st division was fight ing on the 24ths right flank with its back to the river The 8th army said the ROKsat noon Tuesday were holding off enemy attacks It was from this bridgehead north of the river that a 110000 man allied force launched General MacArthurs proclaimed endthe war offensive 6 days ago The offensive stalled after two days when United Nations ran into masses of nese communists General MaeArthtuvwame d Tuesday We face JUT entirely new war He called upon the United Nations and all govern ments to seek a solution to the growing crisis Flan Defense Line There was hope of salvaging enough allied manpower and ma teriel to set up a winter defense line and hold off the Chinese somewhere iriiNorth Korean Military authorities considered such a defense could hold with allied superiority in the air and infirepower against Chinese who had depended at the outset on the swarming weight of their lightly armed foot soldiers Now red tanks are reported in battle There was noindication on the battlerrohts or in UN or western diplomatic capitals that the red Chinese would be stopped by ne i Success the UN secur ity council is arguing the Korean and Chinese Formosa questions raised by the United States on hand and red China on the other Reports there said the Chinese communists made it clearthat they have no intention of withdrawing from Korea The red China dele gation UN the alien com munists in Korea are Chinese volunteers andthe Peiping gov ernment would not stop thenv High U S defense department officials in Washington expressed belief that General MacArthur has enough men and machines to avert a military disaster in Korea Some congressmen were advocating iise of the atomic bomb against Chi nese aggressor concentrations and war production Threatened Trap An end sweep by thered Chi nese hordes through the Tokchon gap torn on the right flankiwhen 3 South Korean diyisiois crumpled had threatened to trap the 4 allied divisions north of Chongchon river u Lambert said it was hoped that the last troops of the two divisions in the Kunu sector wouldbe across the river by nightfall He described the withdrawal as orderly and Lambert said it was doubtful if Kunu south of the river could be held long Eighth army headquarters said dress caught fire oone Valley CoOps schedule Big Refund Eagle Grove UR Ed Olson manager of the Boone Valley Co p Processing association said Wednesday the coop would pay 114768 in refunds to its 53 mem er associations Olson said the refunds were the Wednesfoy esult of soybean processing In a sport to delegates at the associa on annual meeting Olson said he cooperatives plants at Hub ard and Eagle Grove processed 95636 bushels of soybeans during he year for a sales total of 52 Game Too Dangerous Amarillo Texas court udge imposed in fines on ohn Ishmael Rogers and Vernon arter who arrested for speeding nd reckless driving explained heir actions in this manner Each ould put up hop into his car peed to a turning point thenrace ack First to reach the starting oint got the pot Kunu is It re ported communist tanksrumbling on the road center from the west Lambert said Chinese atttcki from the northeast and east ser iously threatened Kunu U S 2nd division dements fought an 8mile delaying action into the towry blasting through strong communist ambushet and flanking attacks 7 Daughters Brother Oxford 7 daughters of Mr and Mrs Carl Eckrich who live near Oxford wont htvt to ask Santa for a brother Christmas The haw come parents of a ton Edward
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