Monday, October 2, 1950

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 2, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 2 1950 This Pa iction One One Af ons Opinion A Commentary W URL HALL Managing Editor A Free Press for a Free People ITS a good thing for everybody not least the editors themselves to have National Newspaper week roll around once a year the first week in October For one thing it causes us to reexamine our own concepts of what the function of a newsppear is and should be in Americas way of life Some of us for example need reminding every so often that freedom of the press isnt some thing unto itself Freedom of the press stems from a larger and a deeper freedom namely the basic right of the people in a democracy to KNOW THE TRUTH Freedom of the press carries some very real responsibilities with it The newspaper or the edi tor is detracting from whatever right there is to a wide latitude of freedom if there is a minimizing of or a disregard for those respon sibilities If They Can Have the Truth Most newspapers operate on the basic assumption that readers are well able to draw their own in terpretations and pattern an en lightened course of action for themselves if they can have the truth in the news columns of their newspapers For 90 per cent of the nations I think Im low on this percentage is a full cognizance of this fun damental of journalism Its the 10 per maybe its only 1 per cent that puts freedom of the press under strain at times By a process of evolution the modern newspaper has established the rule that journalisms prime function is to hold the mirror up to life and present for the read ing public an undistorted image Not all the detail can be given but the overall picture must be ac curate and in perspective Avoid Bias in News Thats the academic way of say ng this Dont let your news stories get tangled up with your opinions Tell what happens not what you think ought to happen Confine your opinions and pre judices debatable subjects to the editorial page where they can be plainly labeled Thats the idea and the ideal of just about every newspaper known to me large and small The middle west has one notorious ex ception to this rule Itfs edited for those who like to be duped There are a lot of such people when you get them herded under one tent But they dont count for so much when weighed against our total Little Opposition in Line Crossing i AP Wirephoto TELL THEM WE HOPE TO SEE THEM to send word to their families 3 American prisoners of war freed at Namwon by the 25th division gather around Bill Knapp Eed Cross representative from Glen Ellyn 111 with pad to tell him what to say Knapp said the gist of most messages was am okay hope to be seeing you soon Left to right Pfc A A Steigerwalt Slatington Pa Pfc James Walker Riverside N J Knapp and Sgt Glen Ward Yakima Wash population In all of this of course Im talking about an idea and an ideal I am not seeking to leave the im pression reached that the by even objective is our highest minded newspapers The newspa per is a product of human fall ibility A Problem of Selection Every newspaper receives far more news every day or every week than it can possibly use Therejust arent enough news col umns for it all and much of it is in obvious duplication In the case of my own newspaper something like 5 columns of news is dis carded for every column used That means of course that somebody or several people must decide what news to use and what to throw away what news to play up in headlines and what news to reduce to a paragraph or so under a small heading on an inside page Id be the last to suggest that my judgment or that of my col leagues in the field of newspa pering is 100 per cent accurate By training and experience along with observation of reader reac tion we do I think achieve a certain measure of competence At least we like to think that were right considerably more than half of the time A Psychologist Critic There are those of course who hold the newspaper in rather low than a few of them a matter of fact I met up with one not so long ago in my read ing of H A Overstreets much dis cussed book The Mature Mind But in this we in the newspa per business arent alone Mr Ov erstreet plays no favorites He holds in extremely low esteem too the other communciations media Listen to this from his book It is altogether probable that In spite of their high technical achievements their constant ac cessibility and their relationship to deep human wants and needs newspapers radio movies and ad vertising are doing as much to ar rest as to promote our maturing In many lives in fact they appear to weight the scales heavily to ward arrested development Thats strong language Lets ex amine Mr Overstreets thinking lurther Hits Profit Motive To begin with Mr Overstrcet Is suspicious of all of these media because of their profit motive The yardstick that the producer applies to what he offers is first financial yardstick he writes It is not the yardstick of human or human growth into ma Continued on Pace 2 8Nation Edict Is Aggressive Says Vishinsky By TOM OCHILTREE Lake Success VP Russias Andrei Y Vishinsky charged Monday the 8nation UN resolu tion on Korea constituted direct against the people 6 that country and was designed t cast a mantle of legality o American intervention there In a policy speech before th UN assemblys political commit tee the soviet foreign ministe promised to put in a resolution o his own to counter the measur under debate He said the 8na tion proposal was designed to per petuate the occupation of all o Korea by foreign forces anc added When will they get out Wei perhaps when the mountains are level with the sea U S Chief Delegate Warren R Austin said in a statement outside the committee that Vishinskys accusations were merely repeti tions of the big lie He predicted Vishinskys charges would have no effect because rotten wood canno be carved nor walls of sand be plastered Would Halt Bombings Vishinsky explained that his proposal would call for halting o American bombings This same proposal has been beaten down in I the security council He said a companion soviet proposal calling for the disbandment of the pres ent UN commission in Korea also would be presented because thai commission acted unobjectively and failed to carry out its mis sion The Americansupported pro posal which Vishinsky attacked calls for United Nations aid and Find 1100 Korean Civilians Massacred in Taejon Sector supervision of unification and the pacification rehabilitation of the whole of Korea It also calls for a new UN commission with broad powers to help reorganize the political and economic life of the wartorn country South Koreans Encouraged In an hour arid a half speech Vishinsky made these claims 1 South Korea rather than North Korea was responsible for touching off the conflict and American authorities encouraged South Koreans in this plan 2 The Korean conflict is a civil war in which the UN has no right to intervene 3 The United States and Bri tain misled the UN in the Korean case with the result that UN or gans took illegal and mistaken de cisions 4 UN decisions serve to coyer up illegal American intervention in Korea and the United Stales applied pressure on countries economically dependent on America for Marshall plan aid to get backing in the United Nations SAME Blick morn truffle ieith Uut By BEM PRICE Taejon Korea pall of death hangs heavily over this town of rubbled tile and tin Already the bodies of 1100 mas sacred Korean civilians have been found Nearly 700 were in 5nd around a Some authorities say 5000 6000 persons may have been kille by North Korean security polic Wednesday and Thursday Among the dead were 30 Ameri can soldiers It isfeared 13 mor may be buried in a trench not ye completely uncovered One Tank Survives There were 3 known survivor of the American and one South Korean One of th Americans died since Lt Robert W Shultice Norfolk Va said both Americans and the South Korean were buried alive but only lightly They were dis covered as they struggled through the dirt for air Shultice is investi gating the atrocities for the judge advocate general The Americans were tied b their wrists to dead men All of the slain were bound arm to rm Seeing this stung the imagina It was no mad orgy There was no wild machinegunning il was a coldly calculated massacre iach man had been shot individ ually Many apparently were clubbed to make sure they were dead One man had a hatchet stick ng from his skull Known AntiReds The surviving local citizens say the South Korean dead were behind during the occupation by the reds has disappeared Father Francis C Biel a Fran ciscan from Baltimore an army chaplain said The natives say he was taken to Seoul but I know i He did not what they live to reach Seoul mown antic ommunists the vealthy relatives of soldiers na ional police and their relatives Some were shot according to he residents because they of ended the police in some minor because they had earned more money than their fellow cit zens They said the shooting was to make others fearful of cooperat ng with the South Koreans or Americans against the day the might return The story of these alrodties be gan unfolding 5 days ago A few minules afler the victorious U S 4th division recaptured Taejon ixcited South Koreans began tell ng of mass murder First the trench containing the Is was found in the rear of the vest Taejon police station Later hat night a patrol entered the Taejon prison and found 400 ivilians posed in death in every maginable position of agony Now this A former French Can dian monastery is a temple of huge grave surmounted iy a desecrated cross How many South Koreans are prawled in the basement of the athcdral no one knows A good uess would be 100 I could not force myself into ic basement past the tangle of rms and legs and the smell of the ead Tvro Trenches Shultice said two long trenches ear the place where the 700 vere found will be uncovered to morrow It is almost certain both contain bodies Some of 10 dirt is bloodstained The church itself is unusable very sacred image has been des The lone priest who remained South Koreans Carry Flowers Reds Vanish By ROBERT BENNYHOFF Yangyang North Korea The South Korean army walked into North Korea Monday singing happily and carrying if it were going to a picnic Everywhere we w e n t the townspeople started tearing up pictures of Stalin and North Ko rean Premier Kim Ilsung We saw lots of pill boxes xenches and other fortifications DUt we did not see any North Korean soldiers Not even prison ers of war When we crossed the 38th parallel dividing line between Iowa Tops in Farm Income for 7 Months May Top Figures for 1949 as War Boosts Prospects Washington which wound up a close 3rd among the states in total 1949 farm income is out in front for the 1st 7 months of this year Agriculture department figures for the JanuaryJuly period show Iowa in top place with 000 California was 2nd with 8952138000 Illinois 3rd with 5909172000 and Texas 4th with Of the top 4 however only Texas showed an increase over a year ago Iowas total for the 7 months in 1949 was Californias was Illinois was and Texas was Texas Topped 1949 For all of 1949 Texas farmers copped a photofinish victory Fi nal totals were Texas 000 California and Iowa An agricultural expert says Iowa farmers may finish this year with more dollars in their pockets than they had figured on The outlook for the country and for the west north central area is of course much brighter than it was a few months ago he said The expert Ernest Grove of the department of agriculture noted that Iowas income from farm marketings was up about 000 in July over the same 1949 month He said helooked for this upward trend to continue barring unforeseen conditions May Bqual 1950 Grove told a reporter the agri culture department estimates that through September the national farm income average will be only about 4 per cent less than last year and that at the end ofVtheyear ttw totals may jusf about eijual lasi years So with Iowa running above the national average now the farmers may wind up with only a small deficit in total income from mar ketings or may even surpass last years totals Texas with its in crease was one of the only 3 states with JanuaryJuly farm income ahead of their 1949 totals The others were Michigan with 686000 as against and Florida with as com pared with 5299806000 and South Korea we saw sign reading You are entering North Korea through the courtesy of the Rok Republic of Korea 3rd division Painted by Yank I found out later that it had Deen painted by Sgt Robert Mirachan of New York City an GAS PRICE WAR Des Moincs ff A gasolini war Monday had brought price in Des Moines to their lowest lev els since before World war II Fo the 1st time in nearly 10 years regular gasoline at most inde pendent stations was being sole for less than 20 cents a gallon AP Wirepholo SOUTH KOREANS DRIVE ON REDS DEFENSE POINT arrows locate drives of UN forces who have driven 30 miles north of the 38th parallel along the east coast South Koreans are reported nearly halfway to Wonsan where reds are reported preparing for a lastditch stand open Another South Korean division issaid to be poised at the parallel after taking Chunchon In the Seoul sector U S marines have moved 18 miles north of the city Ichon 20 miles east of Suwon has also fallen to the allies air force radio man I entered Yangyang the 1st forth Korean city captured with advance columns of the South Korean army I drove in behind Col Thomas McPhail hometown unavail an American military ad isor with the South Korean 1st orps I was wearing my tin hat and expecting all hell to break loos ivery time we rounded a turn in he road But the Colonel was here was to be no resistance The 1st few villages we passed hrough inside North Korea were nlirely deserted At about the 4th or 5th small tillage we sighted two old wo men and a naked child From there in we saw more of the civilian lopulations Lotsof Storing First the civilians just stood nd looked at us silently Then hey grinned Finally they celc rated by tearing up the pictures f the communists More than 13 miles of North Korean territory were behind us s we rolled northward with guns t ready but with the South Koreans joyously singing The South Korean 3rd division aptured Yangyang 13 miles in dc communist North Korea rithout firing a shot HIES IN FALL Des Moines W Shuman 7 Des Moines died Saturday of njuries suffered last Monday a painters scaffolding gave way Another painter George arvcy Des Moincs was fatally njurcd also in the same accident Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy witl falling temperatures Monday night Low Monday night 32 Partly cloudy and cold Tuesday with high near 55 Iowa Partly cloudy west mostlv cloudy with showers in eas portion Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy cooler east and south Low Monday night 25 to 30 extreme northwest mid50s southeast High Tuesday 50 northwest 60 southeast North erly winds 20 mph on Tues day Further outlook Consid erable cloudiness and continuec cool with occasional rain south and east Wednesday and Thurs day Low Tuesday night 3 northwest 50 southeast High Wednesday 52 to 62 Minnesota Rain or snow Red Riv er valley and rain elsewhere Monday night cooler south and east portions Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy with snow flurries northwest and a few scattered light showers south and east cooler southeast Low Monday middle 20s north west near 40 southeast high Tuesday near 40 northwest 50 55 southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Oct 2 Maximum 78 Minimum 63 At 8 a m 66 Precipitation 103 Year Ago Maximum 71 Minimum 51 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 76 Minimum 63 At 8 a m 66 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 70 46 Issue Priority Military Plan for Industry By STERLING F GREEN Washington National Production Authority Monday night will issue a priority order harnessing industry to the 000000000 a year military pre paredness program rThfi regulation reportedly will require every plant to accept mili tary orders and fill them on time any civilianjwprk waiting fpir a place on the pro Suction Prime contractors making planes tanks and other munitions will be able to pass on the priority to sub contractors and suppliers clear back to the mill and mine officials predicted 2nd Vital Order The regulation will be the agencys 2nd compulsory order governing business Two weeks ago an inventory control edict nade it illegal to hoard 32 scarce deiense materials The arms program got another oost Sunday night when Secre ary of Commerce Sawyer an lounced a 9400000ton expansion of the steel industry to be achieved by the end of 1952 This increase near 10 per cent beyond the present annual capa city of 100563000 tons was de scribed by Sawyer as an encour aging demonstration of the willing ness of industry to forge ahead The secretary predicted that the goal of 109963000 tons a year well may be exceeded It repre sents the expansion plans of 20 companiesas reported to Sawyer by the American Iron and Steel Institute The companies were not named Financing Private Steel industry sources said the program is wholly independent of government So far as is known all the companies in cluded inthe figures wil rely on private financing The expansion was requested by Sawyer on Sept 11 when he called 21 steel company presidents to a meeting here with NPA Admin French Troops Take Indochina Red Capital Saigon Indochina paratroopers and infantrymen have captured Thainguyen mili tary capital of the communist rebel forces after a lightning 36 hour offensive it was announced Monday Thainguyen 55 miles north of Hanoi a communist guerrilla stronghold since 1945 French troops including an am phibious force launched a sur prise offensive against before dawn Saturday and completed the operation Sunday night To Prevent Invasion Their objective was to prevent an invasion drive by the Chi minths forces against Hanoi and other sections of the ricerich Red river delta The size of the French force was not disclosed But it was reported to include all types including legionnaires African troops paratroopers and native Vietnam forces The amphibious force struck into the jungle country along an arc extending from the town of Vinhyen about 22 miles northwest of Hanoi tb the village of Daphuc 22 miles northeast of Hanoi Good Air Cover King Cobra fighters and anti quated Junker bombers provided air cover A French spokesman said the French advanced rapidly despite heavy communist concentrations believed massed in the vicinity of Thainguyen which commands the roads leading northeast toward Allies Rip 30 Miles Into North Korea Enemy Ready for Last Ditch Stand 70 Miles Inland By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo AP South Krf reans ripped 30 iniles into so viet satellite red Korea today almost unopposed Nearly two divisions about 20000 solely Korean troops made the advance while their United Nations al lies remained south of paral lel 38 A 3rd South Korean divi sion was poised to jump across the artificial border American liaison said resistance was very light Indications were that the go ingwould get tougher how ever Captured red prisoners said the communists were pre paring to make a stand 70 miles north of 38 Reds Make Noises Neighboring reel f China made threatening noises but there was no further indica tion that the Chinese commu nists might intervene to save North Korea from unity with the republic The South Koreans drive wais launched Sunday along the east coast and carried nearly halfway to the line where the red prison ers said tht North Koreans building up for a lastditch stand This line rung roughly across the Korean peninsula at its nar rowest point 70 miles north of 98 It on Pyongyang capital area lo the Yellow Sea American marines in the west were diiviiig north toward thV border but were not reported on it at any point MacArthur Silent General MacArthur and his top commanders maintained silence on the border crossing A spokes man said the campaign was too Dongkhe and a road leading north toward Backan The spokesman said the French move was an extremely important offensive and indicated it was the biggest French moye against the communists in months istrator William H Harrison and other defense officials At that time the steel executives said they planned a 5000000ton expansion by the end of 1952 Saw yer asked them to raise their sights and report back to him a bigger program not suggestions or hopes but actual commitments for the future The American Iron and Steel Institute thereupon canvassed the industry The resulting program will match the industrys growth during any comparable period of World war II when the govern ment pumped millions of dollars nto steel plant construction Blast furnace capacity Sawyer disclosed also will be y 1734000 net tons to a total of 73378000 tons of pig iron annual However the steel industry was einy eyed aprehensively by bjv ernment officials concerned with nflation Sharon Steel Corp 9th biggest company announced in reases of to S10 a ton on most f its products over the weekend Riceville Soldier Wounded in Korea Washington UR The de partment of defense announced Monday the following Iowa cas ualties in the Korean area Army Luther Myles Severson husband of Mrs Aria A Severson Riceville Pfc Orville Orlinger Shadduck broth er of Edwin A Shadduck Daven Cecil H Waiters hus band of Mrs Doris J Walters Os kalopsa Missing in Franklin Howard Wilkey broth er of Sam Edward Wilkey Ell ston Some boosted smaller companies prices earlier but had the Sharon action aroused particular onccrri because it is a maior sup lier of auto metrl The increase ould add to the cost of a car rade sources said Talks Soon Steel industry wage negotiations ust ahead heighten the possibility t price boosts through the in growing mood within the Truman administration for establishing wags and price control machinery promptly The presidents council of eco noiuic to standby pricewage authority when the subject was debated in now is reported as believing that some action on this is very ur gent Officials said privately that the council members catcd whether have not indi thoy advocate prompt use of ceilings on key com modities but do believe that the economic stabilization agency which Mr Truman authorized 3 weeks ago should be sot up quick delicate both militarily and po litically to be discussed First re ports of the crossing and 30mile penetration came from field dis patches The South Korean 3rd division crossed the border Sunday on the east coast The Capital marched over Monday in the same area The reds were ignoring Gener al MacArthurs repeated weekend order that they give up now or be destroyed Red Korean prisoners said the northerners were preparing to make a stand around Wonsan the heavily bombed east coast port about 100miles north of the bor der This is due east of the red capital Pyongyang along a line cutting North Korea at its nar rowest point Reds Silent Pyongyang remained silent both on the reported crossing and on MacArthurs surrender ultimatum MacArthurs surrender terms were broadcast 1st at noon Sun day At Lake Success Russia and soviet bloc nations were expected to blast at the border crossing Although top UN commanders maintained South Ko rean drive across the border ap parently had official sanction AP Correspondent Boyle report ed from the front that the order to cross was given by Lt Gen Walton H Walker in a message dropped to the South Korean 3rd division from a small plane China Premier Gives Warning Tokyo Iff Red Chinas pre mier Chou EnLai warned in a weekend radio broadcast that China will not supinely tolerate seeing her neighbors being sav agely invaded by imperialists He issued an 11000 word state ment in Peiping to commemorata the 1st anniversary of the found ing of the communist regime in China In Korea P H Shinicky chair man of the national assembly de scribed Chous warning as only a gesture only barking ly They reason that it will take some time to organize any control system even after the agency is ustry and lend emphasis to a I staffed and operating In Taipei Formosa Gen Chang YiTing spokesman for the Chi nese nationalist defense ministry asserted Chou cannot decide to do anything It will all be decided for him in Chou accused the United States of aggression in the Far East and said U S planes had flown over I Manchuria V