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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 27, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETT THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS E OME EDITION VOL LVI Awciated PTMS and United Prew Full LWM Wires CenU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 27 umif This Paper Conilslt Two NO Thousands of Enemy Trapped in South Claim North Koreans Offer Peace Terms Combined Pact Army Is Approved North Atlantic Council Takes Step to Preserve Europe By FRANCIS W CARPENTER New York By unanimous and unprecedented peacetime de cisions the North Atlantic council Tuesday night approved the crea tion of a combined force to pre serve the Atlantic community and western Europe especially from soviet aggression The council called for the or ganization of this force as speed ily as possible and decided that all available manpower and pro ductive resources of the 12 pact countries should be used fully V S Divisions Pledged President Truman already has pledged the United States to send more divisions to the defense of western Europe if other countries interested will make comparable contributions The council deci sions carried the presidents idea a step further and pledged the other members of the North At lantic pact to share in the organi zation the 1st such combination of forces in peacetime The council left to the defense ministers of the 12 nations the question of how to use German manpower a hot issue during nearly two weeks of secret con versations but made it plain that Germany must be enabled to con tribute to the buildup of west Europes defenses Meet Oct 28 The defense ministers will tackle the assignment at meetings be ginning in Washington Oct 28 The council action was an nounced in a communique Tues day ntght The work it dovetailed with or extended pre vious action announced last week after conferences in New York of the western Big 3 foreign min isters ASK POWER INCREASE Washington station KSMN Mason City Iowa Mon day applied to the communica tions commission for an increase in power from one to 10 kilowatts COMING UPSome of the approximately 1000 teachers who atemgfth stitutem Mason City Wednesday are shown coming up the stairs toward the high school auditorium They heard Ben Berg superintendent of Newton schools tell of his observa tions in Europe this summer and then split into group conferences 1000 Teachers Meet Here Pupils Enjoy Brief Holiday See Stories and Pictures Inside Mason City school youngsters enjoyed a holiday Wednesday while their teachers along with some 900 other teachers from 4 ad joining counties attended the one day institute held here under the joint auspices of the department of public instruction and the coun ty superintendents of the 4 coun ties Ben Bergsuperintendent of the Newton schools who was selected by the Iowa Association of Manu facturers to represent this state on a 2 months flying tour of Eur ope told of his tour at the general meeting held in the high school auditorium and again at the general meeting opening the aft ernoon session when he included movies of his trip Following Supt Bergs talks the teachers separated into 3 groups for technical conferences Ele mentary high school and junior college A staff of 12 instructors from the state schools and a few hjgh schools presented the topics for discussion in these groups In cluded was a discussion on atomic energy for schools with the ad ministration angle presented to high school teachers and the teach ing aspect to the elementary teach ers Junior college teachers met for a discussion of junior college 75000 Eat Barbecue at Eagle Grove Feast C of C and North Iowa CoOps Hosts Eagle Chamber of Commerce and 23 North Iowa co operatives were host to 15000 persons here Tuesday in one of the largest meetings ever held in this area The crowd filed past 25heaping tables to get their share of the tons of food prepared including 3760 pounds of barbecued beef served by 250 4H girls in ap proximately one hour The 15000 free tickets to the noon barbecue were taken up as the visitors passed through the 25 serving lines Th afternoon program included the dedication of 3 coop proces sing plants by Howard A Cowden Kansas City president and gen eral manager of the Consumers CoOperative association and an address by Dean Floyd Andre of I wa State college Real Evidence Americans should be grateful for the freedoms they enjoy An dre declared He said the big crowd whichturned out was evi dence that this is a country where human life and happiness are val ued It is a fine thing he said that farm and town people can work together to promote pro grams like this one where the government doesnt interfere and we all have a chance to voice our opinions lowans should be grateful also he said for their free schools and churches Roy Larson president of the Eagle Grove Chamber of Com merce gave the address of wel come Music was provided by the Eagle Grove and Goldfield bands and the Blairsburg male quartet 20000 Buns The 8 baby beeves served Tues day noon were barbecued by a specialist from Kansas City who had them placed in 3 pits Monday and covered with 22 tons of hard wood which burned for more than 16 hours With the oaby beeves the 4H girls served 20000 buns 400 pounds of potato chips 500 pounds of onions 2200 pounds of beans 660 gallons or 12 barrels of coffee a barrel of dill pickles 50 gallons of coffee cream 100 pounds of sugar and 20000 ice cream bars All coop members were in vited to the barbecue and dedi cation ceremonies Other Pictures Inside problems with Doctor Harvey Davis provost of the State Uni versity of Iowa 2nd School Car Victim Is Dead Spencer i g h tyearold Cordell Johnson died in a hos pital here Tuesday night the 2nd victim of an autogravel truck collision Tuesday morning The child was the son of Rob ert L Johnson 32 of Milford who also was killed in the crash Johnson was driving a school pool car which was involved with the truck in the accident Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and cooler through Thursday Low Wednesday 48 High Thursday about 60 Iowa Mostly cloudy with widely scattered showers in east por tion Wednesday night Partly cloudy Thursday Cooler north west Wednesday night and over entire state Thursday Low Wed nesday 48 northwest 58 south east High Thursday 60 north west 65 southeast Considerable cloudiness and cool Friday and Saturday Rain likely Friday in southeast half of state x Minnesota Mostly cloudy and rather windy with scattered showers in north and extreme east portions Wednesday night Cooler north and west portions Wednesday night Thursday mostly cloudy and quite cool with occasional showers ex treme north Low Wednesday night 3842 northwest 4852 southeast High Thursday mid dle 50s northwest and near 60 southeast N MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m ATaximum 69 Minimum 49 At 8 a m 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 43 Communists Seen Ready to Quit Fight New York spokesman for the American delegation to the United Nations said Wed nesday that no UN action is necessary to permit Gen Mac Arthurs forces to cross the 38th parallel in Korea The American informant said Gen MacArthur already has the authority to do whatever he thinks is necessary to destroy the North Korean army He said he knows of no move to lay before the assembly the question of crossing the 38th parallel By BUUCE W MUNN Flushing N Y UR North Korea has expressed its readiness to end the Korean war on terms providing for United Nations elec tions throughout the country withdrawal of communist troops behind the 38th parallel and con finement of United States forces to the Pusan bridgehead highly reliable sources said Wednesday The North Koreans were said to have forwarded a 4 point peace proposal to thn Indian ambassador at Peiping through the Chinese communist regime When both North Korean and American forces have been with drawn from South from the southernmost U S bridgehead the North Korean authorities proposed that UN forces from other countries oc cupy South Korea See Occupation of North Korea by UN Troops By DONALD J GONZALES Washington m e r i c a n troops ships and planes will fight beyond the 38th parallel if neces sary but U S forces will not un dertake postwar occupation duties in North Korea This tentative American policy was reported by diplomatic offi cials Wednesday as the Korean war entered its showdown stage Experts said Secretary of State Dean Acheson and other high ranking U S officials are sound ing out other United Nations mem bers with forces fighting in Korea for their reaction to the plan Truman Decides The final decision on putting it into effect would have to be made by President Truman after review by the national security council Authorities said present Ameri can intentions are to send Ameri can forces across the old North South Korea border only if the communists want to continue the war Once the conflict ends no American troops would be sta tioned there But Acheson was un derstood to be willing to permit other UN nations to provide occu pation forces To Avoid Irritation The decision against the use of Americans is designed to avoid in citing Russia or the Chinese com munists officials said The plan also may be aimed at encouraging the Russians and the North Koreans to seek peaceful end to the conflict High diplomatic sources believe Russia soon may try to find some formula to end the fighting in view of the allied military successes and Moscovys apparent failure to get the Chinese communists to aid the North Koreans UEA AWARD Washington The Rideta Electric Co operative of Mt Ayr Iowa has been approved by the rural electrification for a loan of for expanding its services ALLIED LINKUP TRAPS REDS Dark United Nations drives against crumbling defenses of the North Koreans Allied linkup at Changji underlined closed the trap on thousands of reds in the southwest area Heavy fighting continued in Seoul where mop up operations appeared near an end Reds were fleeing the city to the north and northeast On the southwest front U S troops driving from Kochang and Chinju were re ported nearing a juncture which would trap an estimated 30000 communists Another column was stabbing toward Hadong North of Pohang allies entered Toksinand reached Tog3e Military Miracles Cited in Crushing of Red Resistance By HUGH BAILLIE President of The United Tress Tokyo s n Douglas MacArthur after producing one military miracle in Korea by stav ing off the onrush of the reds best troops has now effectuated another by smashingand dispers ing communist armies in the field in a series of lightning strokes which willbe remembered as long as our history exists What produced this devastating reversal After 3 visits to the Ko rean fronts during the last fort night I would list the causes as follows 1 By the ground resistance of untried troops MacArthur caused the reds initial offensive to be gradually slowed to a halt around the old Pusan perimeter by which time the enemys best soldiers were dead 2 He seized control of the air from the first and over a period of 3 months pulverized the ag gressors rear areas eliminated his industry destroyed his roads and bridges and gave him no surcease at home day or night 3 MacArthur launched his am phibious landing at Inchon and when the marines and infantry pressed relentlessly to Seoul and beyond the reds exactly as the supreme commander had antici pated were panicked in the south and fled in disorder as their com munications were cut and they realized they were trapped far below the 38th parallel Frightened Fugitives There were of course many other factors entering into thfs colossal achievement which trans formed the survivors of the com munist army into frightened fugi tives One was the fact that our strength was built up in the field our firepower was steadily in creasing our troops learned all the enemys crafty tricks and speedily became combat veterans of his type of warfare Thcv also did what the enemy had failed to do They pierced the foes front and then they kept going Gen MacArthur has said that one of the reds fatal mistakes was that they didnt keep rolling on the road to Pusan when they could have done so Instead they faltered and deployed on a wide front United Nations forces made no such mistake Using tactics made famous by Forrest and Sheridan in thedays of horse cavalry and by Gen George Fatten with tanks task force 777 tore around behind the enemys groups and linked up with troops coming clown from Seoul in one of the boldest most spectacu lar touchdown runs in military annals New Hampton Price War Kept Alive New Hampton 20ounce loaf of bread sold for 9 cents at Little Batchs cafe Wednesday in the latest maneuver in New Hamptons price war Cafes and taverns began sell ing groceries at reduced prices last week in retaliation for grocers sale of cigarets at a carton V E Messersmith owner of Little Butchs cut the price of bread from 17 cents to 13 last weekend It dropped to 9 Tuesday SAME Black tint meant raffle death In tmci 94 hnnrt Resistance in Capital Near Finish Allied Lifeline Runs Unbroken for 215 Miles in Linkup By DON HUTH Tokyo AP American marines raised the Stars and Stripes over the national cap itol in Seoul Wednesday while other forces whipped out a 215mile allied noose around many thousands of reds in the south All indications including a broad appraisal by General MacArthur were that the North Korean invaders were staggering and stumbling to final defeat in South Korea They still resisted in places with fatalistic fury however The master strategic stroke aris ing from the 12dayold Inchon beachhead operation and the of fensive fromthe south was the merging of the two allied fronts by forces meeting from north and south Reds Ojuce Close To Victory The allied lifeline for victory now runs unbroken for the 215 miles diagonally across the pen Pusan on the ex treme southeast coast through the rnopup battles in Seoul to the Inchon 2nd front beachhead on the Yellow sea The reds once were within 30odd miles of Pusan port Red Korean rule over the an cient capital city and most of South Korea seemed all but months and two days after the Russian armed reds invaded the United repub lic A U 1st cavalry armored task force forged a link of steel between UN forces in the south and north It raced 106 miles in a lightning sweep to splice the last gap Linkup Tuesday The linkup with 7th division patrols from InchonSeoul was made late Tuesday night in the walled town of Changji 25 miles south of Seoul It came within a mile or two of the spot where the first Amer ican soldier of the Korean war was killed July 5 Houses Fall Thousands of shattered houses marked the path of the marine drive into the center of Koreas 500year old capital which the reds took 3 months ago Thursday Seoul shuddered and rocked Wednesday under massive bar rages of fire and steel Small pockets of the diehard reds still were resisting The leathernecks fought through winding alleys and frcm house to house to oust them By late Wednesday afternoon only a small section of Seoul still was in red Korean hands AP Correspondent Tom Lambert re ported from the Seoul front Lambert rode in a jeep past shell blasted buildings and reported the raising of the American flag Earlier AP Correspondent Don Whitehead had reported from an other sector that marines held only onethird of the city Wed nesday morning Lambert said American casual ties in Seoul were light compared with those of the reds A 7th di vision unit also fighting in Seoul killed wounded or captured 1128 reds in the 24hour period ended at 4 p m Wednesday During that time it sustained 111 casual ties Officials sources said United Na tions forces killed wounded or captured nearly 5000 reds along One of the Largest Crowds in North Iowa History Is Served Barbecued Beef by 250 4H Girls at the CoOp Day Held in Eagle Grove Tuesday With the Chamber of Commerce and 23 Iowa CoOps as
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