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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, August 16, 1950 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 16, 1950, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETT E THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS 4 VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 16 1950 HOME EDITION uimj This Paper Consists of Two One No 261 Gen Hershey Indicates a New Draft General Says Early Manpower Estimates Are Out of Date Washington selective service director said Tuesday he expects additional draft calls in the next few months for perhaps lar more than 85000 men Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey told a reporter these would be in addi tion to calls that already have gone out for 100000 men for the armed forces in September and October In testimony given Aug 1 and made public Tuesday by the house appropriations committee Her shey said he had been authorized to ask for around 185000 men during the present fiscal year end ing next June 30 Estimates Out of Date This would mean that in addi tion to the 100000 calls already announced 85000 men would be drafted But Hershey told a reporter the based on estimates made in July and are considerably out of date I dont think well try to get by with anywhere near as low as 85 000 additional men he said Hershey appeared before the house committee Aug 1 in support of a request for of ad ditional funds for selective service to add to previously voted 4 He told the committee he al ready has called for 100000 in ductees and I expect a 50000 call for November which will leave me only 35000 for the rest of the year1 running to next June 30 Might Increase With reference to the 50000 in November the general said Tues day that I cant see anything in the international situation that call for less It looks as if it might increase if anything I ex pect the call in about 15 days The defense department decides what it needs in the way of mili tary manpower and then Hershey puts through the draft calls He said the 85000 additional beyond present calls for 100000 inductees actually doesnt mean anything as I see it We were talking he said in terms of 20000 men a month For what is left of this fiscal year that yould have been around 180000 or 185000 men or perhaps 85000 more than already have been called the general said But in the light of the present world situation Hershey said he has no idea what the calls may total He noted that congress knocked the ceiling off the size of the armed services Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and cooler Wednesday night and Thursday Low Wednesday night 55 to 60 High Thursday in the low 80s Iowa Sunny and warm this aft ernoon with high near 90 Part ly cloudy and turning cooler Wednesday night showers in northeast portion Partly cloudy and cooler Thursday showers extreme east durjng forenoon Low Wednesday night 55 to 60 northwest 65 to 70 extreme southeast High Thursday 70 to 76 northwest 80 to 85 southeast Northwesterly winds 2025 MPH Thursday Further outlook Fair and cooler Friday Low Thurs day night 50 to 60 High Friday 75 to 80 Saturday partly cloudy with higher afternoon tempera tures Minnesota Partly cloudy and cooler Wednesday night scat tered showers east and north portions Fair and quite cool Thursday Low Wednesday night 40 extreme northwest 50 to 55 extreme southeastHigh Thursday 60 to 65 north 65 to 72 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 92 Minimum 62 At 8 a m 76 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 85 64 SAME jntani Iriffla la piul Fighting After Great Air Strike Reds Dazed by 3500 Quarter Ton Bombs Dropped by B29s PREPARING FOR ACTION OFF KOREAThe crew of a 40mm antiaircraft battery the U S to test rounds a Stassen for War If Reds Move Again Washington UR Republican Harold E Stassen Tuesday night called for war with Russia if soviet satellites try another Koreastyle aggression anywhere Stassen said in a speech over the Columbia broadcasting system that he does not advocate a preven tive war But he said Moscow should be warned now that she will be held directly responsible for any further attack by any of her satellites at any point in the world That policy he said should be proclaimed by congressional reso lution and then submitted to the vetoproof United Nations general assembly for its approval Stassen said he does not con sider a 3rd world war inevitable He expressed confidence that a warning to Russia such as he ad vocates plus an idea and eco nomic offensive against commu nism would give the United States a better than even chance of winning a just world peace without incurring the horror of World war III Blow At Administration Stassen now president of the University of Pennsylvania form erly was governor of Minnesota He tried twice for the GOP pres idential nomination never got it He accompanied his blast at Russia with a partisan blow at the Truman administration which he labelled as one of the most in competent in our nations IIe time He blamed the democrats for a series of tragic major mistakes in foreign policy He said they have been almost unbelievably con fused and inefficient wasteful and neglectful have weakened our own preparedness and have strengthened communism This administration of our country has sown so many pink seeds that now the American people must reap a red whirl wind he said Stassen said the solution is for congress to take the leadership away from the executive branch And he implied that election of a republican congress in November would do just that But he devoted the bulk of his address to the problem of Rus sian aggression and its bearing on domestic policy We should set forth with un mistakable clarity that if the com munist leaders do in fact start World war III by aggression through their satellites or pup pets we and our associates in the United Nations intend to finish it in due time against the krem lin itself he said Stassen warned that the United States cannot safely permit the communists to pick off its poten tial allies one by one or dissipate its strength in a series of minor wars against soviet satellite states No End to Satellites Our young men will die fac ing satellite troops of which there will be no end in numbers he said and we will become a giant pinned to earth by our own er rors of policy weakened and laid open to direct assault Stassen said his drawtheline policy should apply to IndoChina Burma Greece Turkey Germany Austria or any other place where communist satellites might at tack BULLETIN Washington JP The house gave its final approval Wednes day to legislation vastly expand ing social security coverage and increasing benefits President Sees No Rai Seizure Now Washington The white house said Wednesday that Presi dent Truman has no thought now of seizing the railroads to avert a threatened nationwide strike Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters that John R Steelman assistant to the pres ident hopes to resume white house negotiations within a few days in an effort to head off a strike Spokesmen for 300000 trainmen and conductors appealed anew to the president Tuesday to seize the roads after negotitaions with Steelman ended in a deadlock A Union Request Ross told a news conference that seizure of the railroads is not now in the presidents mind The request for seizure was made by President William P Kennedy of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and President Roy O Hughes of the Brother hood of Railway Conductors The threatened train men and conductors who want a 40hour week with no reduction in pay earned now for working 48 hours or related is the chief immediate concern of government labor officials Strike Authorized A brotherhood spokesman short ly afterward said Kennedy had authorized yardmen at 3 strategic terminals to go on strike at 6 a m next Monday and to remain out for 5 days The yardmen affected are em ployed on the Kentucky and In diana Terminal railroad with headquarters at Louisville the Minnesota Transfer raihvay with headquarters at St Paul and the River Terminal railway with headquarters at Cleveland The brotherhood spokesman said Kennedy had informed the white house and the national mediation board of the strike authorization The spokesman said that while only about 3000 yardmen would be involved the effect of the strike would be increased because of the strategic importance of the term inals He said more than 98 per cent of the yardmen had voted in favor of the strike which could have been called legally last July House Votes 2 Mail Deliveries Washington house voted Wednesday to restore city mail services to two deliveries a day It passed and to the sen ate a bill ordering the postoffice department to cancel an April 17 order cutting city home deliveries to one daily and curtailing other services The roll call vote was 264 to 108 A senate committee has ap proved a companion bill There is no assurance though that Presi dent Truman would not veto this bill which would wipe out an order of one of his cabinet offi cers The bill came up for a vote after 218 members signed a peti tion taking it from the rules com mittee which had refused to ap prove it Before passing the bill the house knocked out a provis ion which in effect would have committed congress to appropriate extra money if necessary to pay for the restored services This provisoin approved tentatively Tuesday was removed by a roll call vote of 213 to 159 A move to send the bill back to committee lost by a roll call vote of 261 to 111 New Plan for School Aid Distribution Des Moines new plan for the distribution of Iowas primary state aids to schools will be pro posed to the 1951 legislation Miss Jessie M Parker state superin tendent of public instruction an nounced Wednesday The plan to replace the general and supplemental aid programs was devised following a year of study and research by a commit tee appointed by Miss Parker She said the work was undertaken at the request of some members of legislature The committee was a research group whose only object was to arrive at the most equitable plan of distribution of financial aid to schools Miss Parker emphasized Seeks Equality The committee has sought to present a plan that would equalize the educational opportunity for the children of the state and spread the tax burden more evenly over the various tax sources Estimates by the committee placed the cost of the proposed program to the state at a year based on 194849 cost fig ures A committee member said however that the state outlay probably would not be quite that much based on 1949 property val uations The present general and supple mental aid programs are costing the state a year All of the present school aid plans re quire about a year in state funds The transportation aid aid to handicapped children and agricultural land tax credit programs of the present would not be affected by the study commit tees proposal Under the proposed plan the state would be financing about 40 per cent of the schools costs com pared with about 25 per cent now and a national average of about 40 per cent Proposes Minimum Cost The basic point in the commit tees proposal is that the minimum cost of operating a classroom in a 12 grade school district would be a year The minimum per classroom unit in districts having only elementary schools usually rural districts would be a year The local share of the cost would be determined on the basis of an equalization formula which would operate like this The state would be divided up into 120 assessing units There would be one for each of the 99 county assessing units plus one for each of the 21 cities of 10000 or more population which have city assessors Each of the 120 assessing units would be required to pay a share of the foundation program in pro portion to its share of the total state income Uniform Levy Half of this unit share would be raised by a uniform levy over the entire assessing unit The other half would be raised by a school district levy in the ratio of in the elementary or rural con solidated and independent dis tricts respectively The state would supplement the local effort by making up the dif ference to assure a program of per year per classroom unit in high school districts and per year for each classroom unit in elementary or rural districts Each district would be guaran teed at least the same amount of state aid which it received in the general and supplemental aid pro grams in the 194849 school year The total cost of the foundation program would be approximately Enemy Area Turned Into Smudge Pot By HAL BOYLE In a 5th Airforce Plane Ov er Waegwan Korea AP A force of 98 B20 bombers striking the mightest air blow of the Korean war is turning a 21squaremile target north of here into a gigantic smudge pot Thats how it looks from a grandstand seat in this trans port as if the earth had parted in a sudden vol canic burst It is now p m and the great superforts have been coming over in waves of 8 for an hour and a half Not one single flak shell has been thrown up against them here where ack ack is ordinarily re ported heavy The enemy appears stunned and paralyzed by the shock of the mas sive air attack The bombers glint ins like sleek swans as they swim with lazy grace through a blue sky flecked with light clouds have dropped to 7000 feet now to un load their tons for each plane And still there is no enemy challenger of any kind Keep Heads Down Somewhere hidden in that in ferno of smoke flame and con cussion below are some 40000 North Koreans massed for a knockout blow at Tategu But Wed nesday they are keeping their heads down As another flight lets go its car go our pilot Captain James R Young Denver Colo calls on the nose As the bombs strike the ground they unleasha series of bright flashes like tremendous firecrack ers The flashes stairstep to a vil lage in the foothills and blow it apart as though it were a town of paper Then great columns of dirty gray brown smoke mushroom up and merge into a vast pall that covers the hills and fills the valleys and still keeps rising Hardly a dozen flaming villages add to the and some of the smoke is deep and black It comes from burning en emy vehicles and fuel dumps On the ridge lines east of the Naktong river scattered American infantry patrols cheer and wave at the B29s It isnt every day the doughboy sees these big bombers rido to his help and blast the en emy with the equivalent of 30000 heavy artillery shells in two hours No Mishap The target is well defined and so far there has been no mishap such as marred the low level mis sion of heavy bombers in the St Lo breakthrough in Normandy Then hundreds of American sol diers were killed or injured by bombs falling in our own lines The bombers are hitting about a mile west of the river beginning 3 miles north of Waegwan in a strip 7 miles long and 3 miles deep where the bulk of the North Ko rean attack force of infantry and tanks is believed centered It is hard to see how it can take a bat tering such as it is getting and mount an offensive soon In the deepening smoke pall nothing of light can be seen Council Wrangles Over Unified European Army France The European assemblys general af fairs committee wrangled behind closed doors for 3 hours Wednes day over Winston Churchills pro posal to unify Europes armies against red aggression The action apparently met the same opposition as it did Tuesday from British laborites and Scan dinavians in the assemblys sub committee on defense Led by Brit ish Parliament Member James Callaghan the opposition strove to block the action on the grounds that assembly statutes forbade it Callaghan who managed to en list the support of Norway Swed en and Iceland for opposing the action threatened to walk out The motion was passed fA v J SOUTH A JV Wwifiywm tt A M T if 1 V SH l V AIUJ S based on the per class room cost figures Members of the committee in cluded representatives of the state department of public instruction the State University of Iowa Iowa State college Iowa State Teachers college the Iowa Farm Bureau federation and the Iowa State Ed ucation association BLAST RED TARGETS NEAR and blast symbols locate sector northwest of Waegwan where Okinawha and Japanbased B29s dropped more than 850 tons of bombs 6n North Korean troops and armor massed west of the Naktong river for assault on Taegu It was the heaviest air attackof the war Fighting slowed in the Changnyong sector North of this area a red force of 2 or 3 battallions crossed the Naktong at Hyonpung 12 miles southwest of Taegu South Koreans repulsed an at tack south of Hajang in the Waegwan area Elsewhere the front was relatively quiet Mission Accomplished Closeup Support of Ground Troops Made for First Time By WILLIAM JORDEN A U S Bomber Base Japan crewmen came back from their biggest bombing raid of the Korean war Wednesday saying We hope by God we were able to do something for the guys on the ground They had The bombers had just smashed a 26square mile area containing up to 60000 red soldiers in a cor ridor 3i miles wide and miles long just northwest of Waegwan The army wanted to chop off the threatened communist ad vance toward Taegu and the southeast before it could get started The army called on the air force for a B29 saturation raid on the section where the reds were massing for tac tical battlefront mission instead of the big bombers customary long range strategic effort in the red rear 1st Direct Strike It was the 1st time B29s had ever been asked to give closeup mass support to ground forces It was the 1st time the deadly grace ful silver giants had ever been ordered to go and blanket an area in a direct strike at enemy troops When it was all over the pilots and bombardiers didnt whether they had done any good They had hit the target right on the nose and knew that Results were uniformly reported as ex cellent But that means we dropped all our bombs and hit the assigned area one air force officer said But it doesnt mean that we killed G o o k s because we just dont know whether they were there Before the operation Maj Gen Emmett Rosie ODonnell chief of the far east bomber command said We dont know whether this is going to do any good We hope it will If the North Koreans arc down there we think it will Anyway we think it worth a try The big show started before dawn Sleepyeyed pilots navigators bombardiers and crewmen got to gether in the theater of this post Bomber command mission brief ing officers stood on the platform and quietly told the crews where they were going what they were going to do and why Then they aroke up into smaller he plane commanders together and all radiomen and the others or special briefings The briefings broke up and the airmen filed out of the theater and climbed into trucks for the short trip to the airstrip Out on the field the ground crews were making lastminute checks on the mighty testing motors checking machine guns inspecting the bomb loads Suddenly it was time to go about a m Our plane commanded by Capt Jack R Packwood Chehalis Wash was the 1st squadron led by Col Claude E Putnam Jacks boro Tex All Clear Safely Our big plane roared and lumbered down the runway its engines straining to pull the 10 ton bomb load into the air This was what Packwood called the dangerous time but all super forts cleared safely We joined the other planes in the squadron over an island 80 miles southwest of the field flew due west and then north right up the middle of Korea The squadron flew right along the Naktong river times west sometimes east of that meandering muddy stream There was one big worry in the minds of one wanted to drop bombs by accident on American troops east of the river ODonnell had gone ahead over the target area to make sure that none of the attack planes got over friendly territory on its bomb run ODonnell personally directed the squadrons as they came over His voice boomed over the ear phone If you cant see clearly to drop your bombs on the 1st run go back again and drop em Fortunately the weather over the target rectangle made that un necessary I moved back and looked out through the bombbay Through occasional patches of clouds I could 10000 patch of wooded hills and an occasional tiny farm vil lage in the valley where the reds were reported massed in force I saw no movement of troops or vehicles nothing that would indicate an enemy army was below in force It was a m Then suddenly the bombs began to fall away one by one I heard the bombardier shout fire over he interphone Then the bombs m the rear most of dropped together in a salvo Saturation Just Short of AAttack Tokyo Korean troops were reported retreat ing in panic across the Nak tong river Wednesday under bombing of 98 American B 29s The bomber smash was probably just short of atomic explosive power in concen trated effect It was aimed at breaking the back of North Korean offensive build up along the river Reinforcements Arrive The air blow came as large reinforcements arrived from the United States for Negro infantrymen at the front to bolster the allied de fense of the peninsula First report from observer pilots indicated the B29s may have turned the tide with de cisive effect for the present They saturated a 26square mile area with 3500 quarter ton bombs The area is slightly larger than New Yorks Manhattan Island In it was believed to have been the greatest red force yet put together The B29 strike was made on an emergency tactical basis American soldiers in their fox holes cheered the bombers as they attacked Hours after the raid ob serverpilots saw red troops retreating from the area to the north west and south of the blazes and smoke left by the bombers Many seemed dazed and demoralized A general lull in the ground fighting followed the air strike A U S 8th army communique issued in Korea at p m Wednesday said the battlefront was extremely quiet except for small local actions Area Smokes and Burns The bomb load of 875 tons in effect equaled 30000 rounds of heavy artillery It left an area by miles smoking and burning American foot patrols crossed the river to the communist west bank to learn the results of the stunning raid They found the reds digging into foxholes and apparently expect ing an allied ground attack to fol low the air strike The first American patrol was fired on with rifles AP Correspondent Hal Boyle re ported one patrol prowled through the area west and south of Waeg wan for two hours without encoun tering any sizable force of reds The patrol was led by Lt Charles Rogers of Morrisville Pa Two observation pilots Capt Irving S Coryell of Atlanta and Lt William Turner of Dallas saw red troops splashing back across the river from positions on the allied east side that had not been bombed Sees Reds Run Maj Gen Earle E Partridge U S 5th air force commander flew low over the tortured hills He reported seeing a small group of North Koreans running from the area Capt Coryell said the red troops seemed to be in a state of complete confusion Those spotted by Lt Turner appeared dazed and de moralized AP Correspondent Leif Ericfoon reported the enemy troops dis playing obvious fright at the sight f any plane took cover when the two small unarmed observation planes flew low over them after he big raid No shot was fired at he observers Two explosions sent columns of water geysering into the air at the joint on the Naktong where the North Koreans had constructed an underwater Russiantype tank bridge The bridge also had been used to move red artillery to the allied east bank of the allied river carrier The American fliers were un able to tell whether the explosions vere from American shells or vhether the North Koreans wert exploding demolition charges cor espondent Ericksbn reported Flee Withoat Kltles Both pilots said North led without their picks or rifles were about 4 miles west of   

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