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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 11 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One No 262 Churchill Asks Creation of Unified European Army Now Says ABomb Delays Conflict By JOSEPH E DYNAN Strasbourg France Churchill urged Friday immediate creation of a unified European army to defend the west against Russia He said the west still has a breathing space of about two years which could be used to prevent a 3rd world war Britains wartime prime ter introduced a motion on the floor of the European consultative house of the un official parliament for a united western for such an army subject to proper dem ocratic He said the most effective de terrent to war was American su periority in atomic weapons plus Russias success in building an empire without committing her self to war Might Free Russians The use of this atomic weapon Churchill said would shake the foundations of the soviet regime throughout the vast areas of Russia and the break down of all communications and centralized control might well en able the brave Russian peoples to free themselves from a tyranny far worse than that of the czars Churchill welcomed the pres ence of west German delegates and asked the assembly to as sure our German friends that we shall hold their safety and free dom as sacred as our own He slapped down arguments that rearming west Germany might incite the Soviets to a pre ventive war by saying such ac tion would in no way change the long calculated designs of Rus sia Referring to the breathing space he said the west still has Churchill declared If we use this time wisely and well and do not waste it as we have already wasted so much we may still greatly increase the deterrents against a major Rus sian communist aggression Asks Merger of Armies He said that only by building up a trustworthy system of de fense would the west have a chance of final settlement by ne gotiations with the soviet on the basis of strength and not of our weakness Churchill did not spell out ex actly how the proposed European army would be organized but he wants member governments to merge their na tional armies This would go far beyond what is now contemplated under the North Atlantic pact Churchills motion said such a European force should act in full cooperation with the United States and Canada in support of the United Nations security coun cil Churchill demanded the prompt creation of a real defensive front in Europe Wants U S Force on Continent The United States and Britain must send large forces to the con tinent and France mustrevive its army Churchill declared calling upon the nations of the west to do their share in protect ing civilization The wartime leader asserted that the whole west is in great danger with the freedom and civilization of western Europe un der the shadow of soviet aggres Americans Abandon City of Pohang Before Red Push Down East Coast AP Wircphoto MARINES BLAST S marines in foreground guard ears as their artillery shells enemy concentrations in the hills surrounding their position somewhere on the Ko rean front Army To Call 7862 Officers sion The British leader ridiculed the 5nation Brussels treaty as com pletely ineffective Committees have been set up which have been talking ever since he said Conferences have been held with high officials and statesmen A prentious facade has been displayed by the govern ments responsible for our safety But in actual fact he said apart from the establishment of an American bomber base in Britain nothing has been done to our people Churchill complained that his to the west in the past had fallen on unheeding ears or were used to sustain the false ac cusation by the east of war mongering The Ltehtnlnjr Flashes Now however said Churchill suddenly the lightning flash in Korea and the spreading conflag ration which has followed it has roused the whole free world to keen and vehement realization of its dangers and many measures are now proposed which if they had been taken two years ago would at least have yielded some Packing Strike Threat Eased After Talks By UNITED PRESS Work stoppages hit scattered in dustries Friday but the threat of a meat packing strike eased and strikes returned to work at the vital Oak Ridge Term atomic project About 1600 AFL construc tion workers returned to work at Oak Ridge Friday after refusing Thursday to cross picket lines set up by about 75 striking painters The painters walked out Mon day in a dispute with their super intendent but there were indica tions they would return to work soon too as union and company representatives met to discuss settlement Building1 Uranium Plants The strikers are employed by the Maxon Construction Co which is building two uran ium plants In the meat packing industry Armour Vfc Co said negotiations had been resumed with the AFL amalgamated meat cutters and the CIO united packing house workers Informed sources said progress was being made Contracts between the two union and major meat packers expire at midnight Friday night Any agree ment with Armour is expected to set an industrywide pattern Ar mour had offered an 8cent hour ly pay raise Bus Strike In New York At New York a twodayold wildcat strike of bus drivers spread from the Bronx to Manhat tan leaving almost 500000 pass engers to seek other transporta tion The strike began when Bronx drivers charged that windows of the buses were dirty creating a safety hazard But union officials Men Wanted Not Assigned to Reserves Washington army an nounced Friday that it is calling up to active they like it or reserve cap tains and lieutenants who are not assigned to units of the organ ized reserve corps The officers all men will be on active duty by Oct G the army said They are being ordered up for 21 months subject to change by congress unless relieved soon er The army said simultaneously that it will recall involuntarily 1582 male officers of the active and inactive medical dental vet erinary and medical service corps This callup will affect officers up to the grade of major in the medical and medical service corps lieutenant colonel in the clenta corps and major in the veterinary corps 6000 Lieutenants The company grade officers be ing recalled include 1808 captains and 6054 lieutenants in 16 arms and services They will come from all parts of the country This was the first army callup of individual officers who are no members of the organized reserve A week ago it announced the re call to active duty of 62000 re serve enlisted men to report in September and October The army did not say so bu presumably the officers being called up will help to fill the offi cer complements of national guarc and organized reserve units bein summoned to active duty The army provided this break down of where the officers wil come from Fifth army Illinois Indiana Michigan Wisconsin Missour Iowa Minnesota North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas said the strike was a revolt against the leadership of the CIO transport workers union The state of Missouri seized the St Louis traction system Friday morning to prevent a contract dis pute from tying up buses and streetcars but scattered walkouts in defiance of the seizure crippled 14 out of the citys 67 bus routes Later however service was re sumed on 8 of the struck routes artment of the army will not all up 1 Reserve medical officers who ave not completed a years in erncship 2 Reserve medical and dental fficers who arc senior residents irior to completion of the current training 3 Reserve officers in all four orps taking fulltime ppstgradu ite courses until completion of the current academic year 4 Reserve officers in all four corps whose activity in teaching research or other activities is ne cessary in the national interest 5 Reserves in all 4 corps whose callup unduly jeopardize he health of communities in which they live The army said selection will be made as far as possible from among reserves of the medical and related corps with no previous military experience followed by officers with less than a year of active duty and so on Baudouin Made King of Belgians Brussels Belgium Prince Baudouin Friday became ruler of all the Belgians in the place of his father King Leopold III He took the oath as prince royal in parliament where several hours earlier the senate and chamber of deputies in joint ses sion had given final approval to the bill transferring Leopolds royal powers to his 19yearold son The final vote was 349 in favor with 8 abstentions This was the final act in a royal drama that began with Leopolds banishment in 1945 for his action in surrendering to the invading German armies in World war II Senate Group Approves Tax Increase Bill By FRANCIS M LE MAY Washington senate fi nance committee Friday approved an annual increase of about in personal income taxes The bill authorizes the govern ment to begin digging deeper into the pockets of over 50000000 tax payers on Oct 1 At the same time the committee instructed its staff to draw up an exemption which would have the effect of removing taxes from members of American fighting forces below the commissioned of ficer rank in Korea and other areas of hostilities Some exemption also would ap ply to officer personnel under this plan If the senate and house approve the tax bill as they are expected to do the tax obligations of in dividuals will go up as much as 20 peicent in some income brackets AVithholdingr Tax Up 3 Per Cent Beginning Oct 1 withholdings on wages and salaries after per sonal exemptions would jump from the present 15 per cent to 18 per cent The committee action completed its approval of the major items in President Trumans 1st install ment tax program intended to help pay for the Ko rean war and Americas rearma ment against communist aggres sion The tax framing group Thurs day okayed a a year increase in corporation taxes raising the top levy on corporate income from 38 per cent to 45 ef fective as of July 1 1950 The higher tax rates will apply on onehalf of 195 corporate in come but only to of 1950 in dividual income Account for S45 Billion All told the committee now has approved items aggregating about of the presidents request It has yet to act on several minor items and possibly on an excess profits tax proposal for corporations The committee action to take taxes off GIs in areas of hostility expanded the tax bill into a field the president did not touch on in his tax message to congress Details of the military exemp tion plan have not been woiked out but the committee said with holding from pay should not con tinue on men in the area of hos tilities The committee adopted the new tax on individuals just as Presi dent Truman proposed it 20 Per Cent Increase It will mean increases of about 20 per cent for persons in the lower income tax brackets Here is an illustration A man with a wife and two children earning after de ductions but before exemptions pays a tax of The new tax would be an increase of 20 per cent If this income were AP Wirephoto REDS SMASH INTO POHANG arrows show North Korean moves along battle line against allied de fenders open A red drive 1 seized Pohang and cut off an American airbase southeast of the city South Korean units counter attacked at Kigye Red as sault 2 near Uisong was thrown back Red forces are grouping in strength around Waegwan northwest of Taegu Enemy pockets east of the Naktong river in this area have been wiped out Communists enlarged bridge head in Changnyong area Advancing U S units 5 near Chinju met red counterattack 000 his tax under present rates would be The new bill would raise it to almost a 20 per cent increase The 510000 man with wife and two children now pays His tax will go to a 17 per cent increase The increase for individuals this year will apply to onefourth of a persons income for the year The treasury will work out reg ulations and tax returns forms so that the individual can pay the present tax rate on threefourths of his 1950 income and the higher rate on onefourth SAME Black flag means traffic death in SI hours Malik Demands Vote on Proposal to Invite Reds Lake Success fP R u s s i as Jakob A Malik Friday demanded an immediate security council vote on his proposal to invite repre sentatives of both North and South Korea to take part in United Na tions debate Maliks move seemed an effort to steer the council debate back to the procedural wrangling which has stalemated its work for the past 10 days The noncommunist countries have insisted the North Korean authorities are soviet puppets and that the U N should not deal with them until they have returned north of the 38th parallel The noncommunist countries were ready to go ahead with a major counteroffensive with Britains Sir Gladwyn Jebb step ping in to follow Thursdays lead off blast by Chief U S delegate Warren R Austin Churchill warned against de pending too much on the wests combined superiority in steel and other materials Most of this might be the prize of the aggressor if we were struck down he declared Replying to statements by French leaders that France does not want to have to be liberated again Churchill said Sir after a period of Russian communist occupation there would not be much left to liberate The liquidation of all ele ments hostile to communism leave little which could be recognized by the rescuers of the survivors A Year Wasted He welcomsd the presence of German delegates in the assembly but added that they should have been here a year ago A year had been wasted but lU it is not too late There is no revival of Europe no safety or freedom for any ot us except to stand together united and un flinching I ask this assembly to assure our German friends that we shall hold their safety and freedom as sacred as our own To arguments that rearming noncommunist Germans might incite the Russians to a preventive war Churchill chided Believe me sir the long calcu lated designs of the soviet govern ment will not be timed or de fected by events of this order West Outnumbered The soviet forces in Europe he said measured in active divi sions in air force and armored vehicles outnumber the forces of the western union by at least 6 or 10 to 1 These are terrible facts he pronounced and it is a wonder that we sit here in our new hours of Europe calmly discussing our plans for the future happiness and concord of our peoples He said the great danger lay in the fact that the western democ racies disbanded their armies after the war while the dictatorship of the kremlin maintained gigantic armies and sought by every means to reequip them Colorado and Wyoming 39 captains 1411 lieutenants 13 medical 97 dental 8 veterinar and 74 medical service officers Officers in the general arms ah services must meet age and physii cal requirements In the combat signal infantry armored field and coast artillery age limit for 2nd lieutenants is 30 for 1st lieutenants 35 and for captains 41 In the branches as adjutant general chemical ord nance quartermaster finance se curity and age limit for 2nd lieutenants is 38 for 1st lieutenants 4L and for captains 45 Officers overage for combat arms may be ordered to active duty in the service branches Given 21 Days All officers selected will be or dered to the nearest army post for physical tests the army said If found physically fit they will be given 21 days lo wind up their pri vate affairs unless they are willing to report sooner The army said it anticipates that onethird of the total group will report by Sept 22 and another third by Sept 29 The army said that in selecting officers in the medical dental and veterinary corps it will make every effort to obtain them on a volun tary basis The quotas assigned to the armies insure a fair and equitable distribution throughout the nation and the total number is consistenl with the national security the army said in a statement Many Deferments It said army commanders un less otherwise ordered by the dc Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday High Sat urday 74 to 80 Low Friday night 52 to 56 loiva Mostly cloudy and con tinued rather cool Low Friday night 56 to 60 High Saturday in upper 70s northeast near 80 in southwest Further outlook Partly cloudy to cloudy and somewhat warmer Sunday and Monday Scattered showers and thunderstorms mostly in south west FivcDay Iowa Weather Outlook Temperatures will average two to 5 degrees below normal Nor mal low 59 to 62 Cool with mi nor day to day changes Rain fall will average to one inch occurring as showers in extreme west and south Friday night and most sections after the week end Minnesota Partly cloudy to cloudy through Snturday Oc casional showers or thunder showers extreme southwest Continued cool Low Friday night 4045 northeast to 55 southwest High Saturday 7277 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAH AGO Maximum Minimum 75 55 62 107 inchos 08 AP Wircphoto TANK SUPPORT AGAINST American medium tank blasts at enemy posi tions in South Korean hills as a soldier crouched in weeds in foreground observes hits Communists Ready Drive on Taegu North Koreans Reported Abandoning Chinju to 8th Army By UNITED PRESS American and South Korean forces checked a communist thrust toward their biggest and best airfield Friday while other U S troops closed in on the big southwestern communicat ions center at Chinju American tanks and infantry rushed to join a crack South Korean unit defending the field The combined force stalled the red attack about a mile north of the airport By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo troops Friday night seized the impor tant port of Pohang on the east coast and fought virtual ly to the edge of the U S air base to the southeast The 8th army said the city was in flames as Americans withdrew after a savage night battle Pohang is 65 air miles north of the main U S sup ply port of Pusan Small U S forces battled in the early morning darkness to save the air field which is on a spot about 6 miles south east of Pohang U S tanks and more infan try were rushing up to the rescue of the air field Pohang 2nd only to Pusan itself as a supply port fell to a surprise red drive through undefended mountains while the Americans were rolling back the enemy on the ex treme southern end of the Ko rean front General MacArthurs head quarters meanwhile announ ced that all communist bridge heads but one across the Nak tong river on the western front had been erased by American units But this one is important It is a big one in the Chang nyong area 29 miles south west of the frontline supply base of Taegu Chinju in Doubt On the southern front the U S 8th army reported North Korean reds were abandon ing the Chinju base This re port seemed at variance with others that the reds were dig ging in west of the base for a fanatical stand against the creeping advance of U S marines and doughboys The red 6th division apparently was alone in Chinju with the communist 1st diverted to the Naktong sector where a new red offensive drive seemed imminent At Pohang 55 miles north of Pusan the main American supply base red forces held a ridge only miles from the runway from whence Mustang fighters had been taking off every 10 minutes for rocket and strafing blows at the enemy Doughboys dug in for an expected night time battle A reinforcing column of American tanks and South Korean troops was reported a few miles from the strip racing to join the de fense If the Americans and South Koreans hold the strip the Mustangs now at another Korean base will be back At Close Quarters The communists and Americans fought at close quarters inside Pohang No 2 supply base for the United Nations The city is 6 miles north of the airstrip The reds offensive had overrun half of the burning town which was the scene of the first American amphibious landing of the war The battle wns a wild one started by mountainscaling reds supported by 3000 men in all Sirens on red tanks screamed in attempts to frighten off South Koreans on the communist flanks before the North Koreans burst into the city The seriousness of the situation was indicated by the arrival there of Lt Gen Walton H Walker U S 8th army commander and Maj Gen Earle Partridge U S 5th air force commancLer who i
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