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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 28, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires HOME EDITION TJlUlf Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 28 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One No S5t Enemy Starts Wedge Through Center Congress in Pressure for Controls Kunkel Measures Would Roll Prices to Low July Level By FRANCIS M LeMAY Washington ff Considerable support built up in congress Fri day for a drive to put the country under rationing and wage and price control The idea is to substitute full mobilization for Presi dent Trumans limited economic control bill The house banking committee approved the presidents plan 20 to 1 late Thursday but only after it failed by a onevote margin to take instead the allout economic control plan proposed by elder statesman Bernard M Baruch Vote Is Close The Baruch plan lost 10 to 9 Six republicans and 3 democrats supported it Nine democrats and one republican opposed it Rep Kunkel author of the allout substitute announced immediately he will take the fight to the house floor when the bill comes up there next Tuesday His measure would roll back prices to their lowest level between July 24 and 28 Powerful support gathered be hind the Baruch plan One high placed democrat said it might pass the house Vinson for Baruch Chairman Vinson DGa of the house armed services commit tee said I am for the Baruch plan Otherwise there will be in flation absolutely out of control Meanwhile the federal reserve board reported that department itore sales last week ran 46 per cent higher than in the same week last year Never before has such a large increase been recorded Week before last the increase over corresponding week was 25 per cent Also the agriculture department said that sugar sales by primary distributors jumped 37 per cent in the first 3 weeks of July as com pared with the same 1949 period The department announced that while there is already plenty of sugar the government will buy remaining Cuban stocks It said this will give the U S a total marketable supply of more than 8450000 ever in any one calendar year Senate Democratic Leader Lu cas of Illinois while not specif ically endorsing the Baruch plan said I dont like the piecemeal approach to economic curbs The people dont like runaway prices and would like to take the profits out of war Sparkman Likes Baruch Senator Sparkman DAla said he is thinking of leading a fight in the senate for the Baruch plan Rep Wolcott of Michigan sen ior republican on the house ing committee said he will sup port the KunkelBaruch substi tute on the floor and he and Kunkel predicted wide support by both democrats and republicans However Senator Taft of Ohio chairman of the senate G O P policy committee told a reporter that senate republicans arent ing to ask for all out controls now He has predicted that par Jgal controls will be followed by sin administration request for a full clamp down after the No vember elections are out of the way Taft heads a special committee of republicans to draft amend ments to trim down the scope of the administrations control bill He said he has been promised an opportunity to present these pro posals to the senate banking com mittee at a closed session Mon day No Rationing Mr Trumans bill calls for no price and wage controls and for no rationing powers The presi dent says he doesnt need this au thority now but will ask for it if he finds it needed His request provides allocation and priorities authority to chan nel facilities and materials into military and essential uses to finance increased productive ca pacity and a larger supply of ma terials and to control installment buying and other consumer and real estate credit and also power to curb speculations in commodi ties fUr trarflo death in pu 24 hairs AP Wirophoto GENERAL MacARTHUR VISITS SOUTH Douglas MacArthur center shakes hands with Sihn Sung Mo South Korea defense minister and acting prime minis ter as he is greeted upon his 2nd visit to South Korea to confer with military leaders and inspect American defenses At the right is Lt Gen Walton H Walker commander of the U S 8th army Once Beaten South Koreans Reorganized Fighting Again By ROBERT C MILLER Tokyo badlymauled South Korean army has een reorganized and reequipped and is fighting side by side Friday with the Americans on several South Korean fronts The South Koreans bore the brunt of the communist at tack for the first 10 of the war and were over whelmed by red tanks and artil ery which they were never equipped to fight After repeated defeats and icavy casualties south of Seoul the central front divisions were pulled back to Taejon for regroup ng Friday they are being used mostly on the American right ilank in the eastern sector JUSTICE W L BLISS JUDGE G K THOMPSON Pick Thompson for High Court Bliss Renominated in GOP Convention Des Moines Judge G K Thompson of Cedar Rapids was nominated for the supreme court Friday on the 3rd ballot in the state republican judicial con vention Thompson had 2137 votes to win the nomination His closest rival Edmund D Morrison Jr Washington county got votes a drop from his 2nd ballot high of 1451 A contest developed over one of the 3 seats in the state supreme court after the convention nomi nated by acclamation Justices Wil liam L Bliss Mason City and Justice Norman R Hays Knox ville Justice Oscar Hale 83 of Wa pello whose current term also ex pires this year was not a candi date He is retiring at the end of this term after 12 years on the high court bench On the 3rd roll call of county delegations Thompson and Mor rison received nearly all of the votes On the first two roll calif Morrison had led More than hal of the total of 3459 votes were required to win Complete Units The South Koreans are being used as complete military units such as the 1st and 7th regiments of the capital division which is holding the line in the Yechon area to the east of the American 1st cavalry The 17th regiment of he famous 6th division is in the line at Sanggong 24 miles north east of Yongdong The South Koreans are being used extensively for patrol work along the American flanks The main difficulty has been identify ing the patrols to keep them from being fired upon by the Ameri cans An identification system has now been worked out enabling the Americans to use the ambitious Koreans to far better advantage Nearly all the South Korean units have American advisors working with their senior officers to cooidinate operations Many South Korean military police are fighting guerrillas be hind the American lines and clear ing out suspect areas The South Koreans have been most successful intercepting com munist infiltration and prevent ing guerrillas from sabotaging American transport and commun ications lines Supply Problem Greatest All English speaking South Korean officers have been pressed into service as interpreters and liaison men with advance Amer ican units They have done con siderable work with American in telligence officers The greatest problem of the South Korean army is supplies The republicans lost nearly all their equipment in the retreat south and must be completely out fitted Many of their recruits are drilling with wooden rifles Every effort is being made by the Americans to provision and rearm them and to take advant age of their desperatelyneeded reservoir of trained men who have the determination to fight but lack the tools St Ansgar Pilot Hits Korean Tanks Tokyo fP An lowan was among the few pilots of F80 jets and F51 mustangs who flew low level attacks early Friday al though the weather wasnt suit able Capt Homer K Hansen of St Ansgar Iowa in a search for North Korean targets reported he found tanks in a valley nnd used his rockets to good advantage Diplomats Divided on Russian Intent By MAX HARRELSON Lake Success Na tions diplomats were sharply di vided Friday on the question Was Russias decision to end her UN boycott just another step in the cold war or an admission that the boycott was a big mistake The question may be answered Tuesday when the Russians re turn but meantime these lines of speculation were heard at UN headquarters 1 Russia intends to challenge the legality of the security coun cils Korean intervention and try to block any further UN action 2 Russia intends to try a new approach in her fight to oust na tionalist China from the UN and seat the Chinese reds 3 Russia is merely coming back for a propaganda blast and may resume her walkoutboycott which was started last January in pro test against the presence of the Chinese nationalists 4 Russia is getting ready for new communist moves either in the Balkans or against Formosa and wants to be on hand to veto any council action 5 Russia realizes she has made a mistake and is coming back to try to find a way to end the Ko rean conflict All Speculation All this however was admitted ly nothing more than speculation No delegate claimed to know what the Russians had in mind U S Delegate Warren A Aus tin said he would not comment until I go to Vermont and consult an old apple tree Austin former republican sena tor from Vermont has an apple orchardAsked if this tree were particularly old and wise he laughed and said Yes and it bears 6 varieties of apples In Manila Gen Carlos P Rom ulo president of the general as sembly said Russias decision to assume the council presidency in her regular turn is proof the UN cannot be intimidated Byrnes Optimistic In Greenville S Car former secretary of state James F Byrnes also took an optimistic view He said The soviet return to the UN security council indicates an end of our troubles in Korea A British foreign office spokes man in London said Britains re action will depend upon whether Russia shows she now is ready to cooperate in international affairs British sources said any notion the Russians were beginning a con crete move to settle the Korean Army Plans an Increase of 2407000 Services Wants Over Billion Mostly Tanks Artillery By RUTH COWAN Washington The army plans to step up its strength to 834000 an increase of 240000 of ficers and men over the 594000 now in uniform Rep Vinson D Ga announced Friday The increase is planned under President Trumans additional emergency budget request of 500000000 for fiscal 1951 Vinson chairman of the house armed services committee said Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff told the committee that the army wants 000 54 Per Cent for Guns Of this amount 54 per cent or will be spent for tanks guns field arUllery and other hardware equipment Vinson declined to give any arms details but it is understood that a considerable amount will be spent for tanks and guns espe cially the new antiaircraft gun the skysweeper Also appearing before the com mittee were Maj Gen E L Ford chief of army ordnance and Brig Gen Leslie Simon chief of ord nance research WeekLoner Survey The session concluded a week long inquiry by the committee into preparedness of the military services and their immediate plans for expansion Asked if he was satisfied with reports from the army navy ma rines and air force Vinson de clined immediate comment The army already is slated to get 100000 draftees by Oct 30 This may be followed with at least one more draft call before the end of the year to reach the 834000 man goal While the air force and the navy are waiting to see if volunteers will fill their combined 340000 man quota the army made clear Thursday that it is relying heav ily on the selective service act to meet its manpower needs It boosted its September draft call from 20000 to 50000 and said it would call up another 50000 men in October conflict was wildly optimistic Iowa Draft Quota Is Hiked to 860 Des Moiues IP Iowa will have to furnish 860 men in the September call an increase of 516 over the original September call Brig Gen Charles H Grahl said Friday General Grahl Iowa selective service director said this would mean about 1800 more men would have to be called in for prein duction physical and mental ex aminations Iowas original call had been 344 men for September Aboul 1300 had been notified to for examinations to fill this quota The defense department Thurs day had issued a call Ior 100000 men for the entire United States for September and October Iowa is expected to have to fur nish about 1000 men in October AP Wirephoto WHERE REDS LAUNCH MAJOR OFFENSIVE Dark arrows show assaults by North Koreans all along battle front as reds launched an allout offensive Strongest forces are hammering U S positions in the Yongdong area where communist troops may have driven a wedge in the defenders line Allied forces are holding in the YongjuHamchang area On the southern front the in vaders have pushed 10 miles past Hadong and are reported within 60 miles of the main supply port of Pusan Chinju and Hamyang are still in allied hands Feels Delaying Action Means Victory for Yanks MacArthur By DEW1TT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst General MacArthur after an other visit to the Korean war front has declared he never was more confident of ultimate vic tory This statement has set me to pondering the term victory We should I think emphasize the qualification ultimate espec ially since the UN commander warned that we will have new heartaches and new setbacks Also it should be noted that back of this prediction lies a long string of grief American soldiers and their South Korean comrades have battled against tremendous odds since the first gun blazed Enemy numerical superiority of 10 to one has been commonplace and it has run to 20 to one As my colleague Hay Boyle reported Thursday from Korea Forced To Ask Too Much The basic problem of the generals has been to spread a small number of troops too thin and to ask too much of because that was all that could be done under emergency circum stance At times the GIs have had to fight tanks with carbines And they have been up against a fan atical primitive enemy which hasnt hesitated to resort to plac ing women and children ahead of his advancing tanks knowing thai the GIs wouldnt fire on them Retreat has followed retreat un til less than onethird of South Korea is in American hands How then can General Mac Arthur predict victory even on the ultimate basis That made me reach for my dictionary One definition of victory is the over coming of an enemy or any dif ficulty A synonym is success1 And success is a favorable or prosperous course or termination of anything attempted Space For Time All right lets take it from favorable termination of anything attempted What has been attempted Well the United States being first in the field in answer tc the UN call for help was faced with the task of fighting a de laying action with wholly inade quate forces and equipment pend ing the arrival of reinforcements In short the strategy was to trade space for to bring up reinforcements many of which must come from half way around the world That was the GI assignment in the mind of the high command the thing which was to be at fight a delaying ac tion That wasnt the way it was put to the troops of course Their job was to fight like hell and ask no questions but their officers were well aware of the nature oJ this grim task AP Wirephoto MAYFLIES STRIKE two nights Mayflies sprung a major invasion of the Davenport area and these insects were spotted clinging toan automobile in a Dav enport parking lot The river flies also settled by the thousands on street lights store fronts and pedestrians Americans Outmanned by 4 to 1 Yank Counterattacks Heavy Air Assault Slow Enemy Down Washington JP An army spokesman said Frmay that formation from Gen MacAr thurs headquarters indicates there is no reason to that we are not going to thrown out of Korea The spokesman told reporters at a Pentagon briefing I think that in the next week or two weeks we will know more about it The officers statement was made in reply to a reporter who said the people are wondering about the optimism evidenced at the Pentagon The spokesman said this op timism reflects that of General MacArthur Tokyo AP Waves of red troops attacking under cover of heavy artillery fire and a driving rain smashed a wedge through American positions at the keystone of the Korean front Friday Troops of the U S 1st cav alry and 25th divisions coun terattacked to blunt the drive and regain their positions They were outnumbered 4 to 1 and pounded by unusually heavy artillery and mortar fire Heaviest of War The attack in the center of the curving 200 mile front was the heaviest blow of an allout com munist offensive A spokesman at General Mac Arthurs headquarters said new red offensive opened the de cisive battle for Korea Com munist forces struck in full strength seeking a quick decision Nine red divisions were in the field The headquarters spokesman said they were making a supreme effort to crash through before al lied air strikes demolish their supply lines Although the enemy is obvious ly suffering from a terrific pound ing from the air and sea he is still pushing forward the spokesman said Force of 90000 The 9 red divisions thrown into the action involve troops about 90000 They were favored by the weather when they launched their offensive Eains and lowhanging clouds robbed the Americans of the close air support they have had in the last 5 days A few navy fighters got through and skimmed over the sodden hills to blast the attacking reds in the center with rockets and machine gun fire American artillery opened up all along the line It hurled tons of high explosives and antiperson nel fire at communist concentra tions Push in the South Key fight was on the central front where the American coun terattack was still underway at midafternoon And red artillery was still blasting after 24 hours In the far where Ameri can operations have been confined to feeling out the reds with ex ploring task forces communists pushed 10 miles along almost un defended roads This carried them to within approximately 60 miles of Pusan American supply port at the southeastern tip of Korea Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Sunny and warm Sat urday with high 86 to 92 Part ly cloudy Friday night with low 60 to 65 Iowa Partly cloudy and warm Friday night and Saturday Widely scattered thundershow ers extreme west portion late Friday night and early Satur day Low Friday night 60 to 66 High Saturday 88 to 94 South erly winds 1622 MPH Saturday Further outlook Partly cloudy and warm with scattered thun dershowers northwest portion Sunday and over most of state Monday Minnesota Partly cloudy and warm Friday night and Satur day Widely scattered thunder showers southwest and west central portions Low Friday night 5865 High Saturday 86 93 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours endings at 8 a m Maximum 88 Minimum 57 At 8 a m 76 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 70
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