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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 25, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UUilf VOL LVI Associated ITeM United Frew Full Wlrss Cents Copy I MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 25 1950 This Paper Consists ot TWJ No 247 Red Waves Drive US From Yongdong WORTH KOREA SEOUL POHANQ PUSAti AP Wireplioto MAIN BATTLE SECTORS ON KOREAN pressure by red forces on Tae jonYongdong sector center arrow forced units of 1st cavalry to fall back through Yongdong Tuesday Red drive down west coast reached Haenam near southern tip of peninsula double arrow as another columri swung northeast of captured Kwangju to reach rail junction of Namwon and 15 miles south of Namwon On extreme northeast end of 150mile battle line navalground battle raged for Yongdok 25 miles tip coast from beachhead at Pohang U S warships poured heavy fire into ruined city Qur planes blasted marshalling yards at Chongju Must Have Guns Men UN Is Told Lake Success United ttates Tuesday accused unnamed outside forces of helping commu nist North Korea and warned the United Nations the communists cannot be overcome until the UN builds up weapons and manpower The U S implied that the Rus sians were helping the North Ko reans but not direct accusation against the Soviet Union was made The U S reported to the securi ty council on behalf of the unified command under Gen Douglas MacArthur The 1st report to the council it came exactly a month after the North Koreans launched the attack on the UNsponsored Republic of South Korea It had been billed in advance as Mac Arthurs account of the war to date but included other material TheUnited States reported that the North Koreans began the war with between 90000 and 100000 men organized in 7 divisions and 5 brigades trained with excellent soviet material It said the South Korean forces had elements of 4 divisions and an organization in tended mainly for internal securi ty Communist Thrust Southwest Menaces U S Supply Routes Combined British American Navy Task Force Raids Korea Tip in Surprise Air Attack Tokyo combined U S and British navy task force sent carrier planes across the southwestern tip of Korea Tuesday in a surprise attack to stop advancing red columns A headquarters announcement said the naval pilots struck at frontline targets in the area of Kwangju near the southwest coast Red forces there had been pushing an apparent flanking drive aimed at American communications with Pusan U S supply base on the southeastern coast Tight McCarthy Sees Case on State Red Washington e n a t o r Morse Tuesday told the senate that Edward G Pos niak is the important state department official accused by Senator McCarthy of fceing a communist Morse dis closed the mans identity in the a few minutes after Sen ator McMahon had read an affidavit signed by Morse attestingto Posniaks loyalty By JOHN L STEELE Washington e n Joseph R McCarthy offered the senate Tuesday what he called a com plete and air tight case proving tfcat an state de partment official is a communist The Wisconsin republican named the man only as X but said he was born in Moscow and is one of his 81 cases of bad se curity risks In a speech to the senate Mc Carthy read pohtostats purported ly taken from the officials loyalty file He said the file featured an FBI undercover agents report saying that X and another de partment official were members of the communist party It was McCarthys 1st speech since democratic members of the foreign relations investigating subcommittee denounced his charges of communist infiltration of the state department as a fraud and a hoax McCarthys Answer He said he would answer by presenting the facts The speech opened the 3rd day 6f a practically continuous re publican assault against the dem ocrats findings The senate met an hour early to hear McCarthys statement Promising to release copies of the photostats with the names deleted when he delivers the speech McCarthy said he is mak ing the complete file available to the house committee on un American activities with the hope that it may take notice thereof He also said he plans further gpeeches on communists in the state department who are selling our nation out to soviet Russia The next one will be made on Sunday at Fond du Lac Wis he said said the FBI under cover agent whose report was featured in Xs loyalty file was planted in the communist party in 1037 and remained there until 1948 During that time he said the agent was found by the FBI to be absolutely reliable Admitted Communist He testified that this state de partment official was person ally known to him to be a mem ber of the communist party and that X had told him that he had been a member of the party before coming to this country McCarthy said The agent he said gave X his membership card and col lected his dues McCarthy said that X should be prosecuted on two counts of for denying his communist party membership and two for denying close association with a man listed as a communist by the FBI Parks To Open EastWest Air Service Soon East St Louis 111 Airlines said Tuesday it expects to have all 4003 miles of its 11 state feeder lines in operation by December Parks now is operating the first segment of he line from East St Louis to Chicago with interme diate stops and the company said it plans to open the line from Chicago to Sioux City Iowa with stops at Rockford Dubuque and Waterloo within two or 3 weeks The company said the exten sion from Chicago to Indianapolis would start operating within 30 days When in full operation the company said its lines would serve 70 midwest cities with ter minal points at Memphis Chicago Minneapolis and St Paul Kan sas City Mo Tulsa Okla and East St Louis Plan Billion Tax Increase Immediately Washington President Truman asked congress Tuesday for a prompt in crease in taxes to be collected partly from individuals and partly from business In a letter to Senator George Mr Truman proposed that a tax bill already passed by the house be used as a peg for im mediate action That bill is now before the senate finance commit tee headed by George Mr Truman proposed that con gress increase tax collections substantially for the taxable year 1950 Suggested Applications He suggested that rises apply to 1950 corporation income and that the withholding tax on individual earnings be increased for the last 3 months of this year Part of 2nd Marines Head West Washington marine corps announced Tuesday that part of the 2nd marine division is be ing moved from Camp Lejeune N Car to the Pacific coast Marine headquarters said the 2nd division troops will go to Camp Pendleton Cal The 1st ma rine division recently sailed from there for the Korean war theater The number of marines being moved from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast was not given The full 2nd division includes 5 battalions compared with the 3 battalion strength of the peacetime 1st division The air force announced simul taneously Tuesday that it is call ing up immediately for active duty a very limited number of air re serve units An air force official declined to specify either the number or types of units included in the call The air force said there is no immediate intention of calling units of the air national guard The American pilots flew ther jets Sky Raiders and Cor1 sairs Planned at Late Hour The operation was planned only 24 hours before as the reds seized all of the western and southwest ern part of the country The reds advance there shoved the United Nations forces into an ever nar rowing perimeter to the southeast British planes maintained a pro tective cover for the American naval flyers Requested by Army The air strikes were made on targets of opportunity which the headquarters announcement did not specify It was reported that the raid was made at the request of U S army field officers who have been closely watching the wide flank ing swing of the red column into Kwangju less than 30 miles from the coast Studebaker Closes South Bend Plant By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Studebaker corporation has closed its South Bend Ind plants until further notice because of what it termed an unauthor ized walkout in its foundry Company officials and officers of the CIO united auto would make no comment on the shutdown It was reported un officially that interunion strife among the foundry workers led to the walkout Notices of the closing were posted Monday Studebaker has been employing about 17000 production workers AFTER THE DALTONS Camthcrsville Mo 15 year old boy who admitted wreck ing a Frisco passenger train told officers Monday he got the idea from watching a movie about the notorious Dalton gang SAME BUck meant raffle death In pail 24 koan The president asked the lax rise to finance in part the billion increase he has proposed in mili tary spending We embark on these enlarged expenditures at a time when the federal budget is already out of balance he wrote This makes it imperative that we increase tax revenues promptly lest a growing deficit create new inflationary forces detrimental to our defense effort On individuals income taxes Mr Truman proposed a return to the rates of 1945 This was at the peak of World war II rates and would mean a sharp boost in taxes for all the 52 000000 taxpayers As to corporations Mr Truman proposed to increase the normal corporate rate from 21 to 25 per cent Mr Truman said this would result in a 25 per cent tax on the first of the corporations income and a 45 per cent tax on the rest Asks To Drop Excise Cuts The tax bill now before Georges committee proposes to cut some of the wartime excise taxes Mr Truman asked lhat these proposed cuts and other revenue losing provisions be dropped Although asking a return to 1945 individual income tax rates Mr Truman said the present personal exemptions of a person and the privilege of income splitting between husband and wife would be left unchanged Enlistment Freeze To White House Washington The house Tuesday passed and sent to the white house a bill freezing all military enlistments for one year beyond their normal expiration date Hoarders Panicky Likely to Hurt Effort By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Foregin Affairs Analyst A lot of Americans are allow ing themselves to become panicky and are rushing about buying commodities of various sorts which they propose to hoard as protec tion against a bugbear of possible warshortages These scarebuyers or at least a good many of them naturally dont realize it but by such hoard ing they are giving aid and com ort to the enemy They are play ng straight into communist hands Thats blunt language but its veil that the facts be faced be ore grave damage has been done ere is no law against hoarding at this writing but the law of ommon sense ought to bar it Wonders How But demands a reader how n earth can the fact that I stow away a few pounds of foodstuffs t of aid to Russia Well its this way Widespread loarding either by householders r by profitmaking dealers is crribly damaging to a countrys economy One of the main features of Moscows strategy for spread of communism is to create economic Girl Missed by Train Has Fractured Skull Allerton e a rold Frances Everman who lay uncon scious between the rails while a passenger train passed over her suffered a fractured skull a medi cal examination has revealed Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Tuesday night Low Tuesday night 62 Partly cloudy Wednesday with high about 80 Iowa Considerable cloudiness through Wednesday Occasional showers in southwest third of state occuring mostly Tuesday night Not so cool in southeast Tuesday night Light variable winds Low Tuesday 58 to 6 north 60 to 65 south High Wednesday around 80 Minnesota Partly cloudy Tues day and Wednesday Not much change in temperature LOA Tuesday night 5056 north 55 60 south High Wednesday around 80 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m 79 57 72 Seek Slayer of Man Rocking on Front Porch Bettendorf Authorities Tuesday were seeking the person who fired a bullet that went through a porch window screen and fatally wounded Marion Claude Duvall 22 of Rock Island 111 Duvall was sitting in a rocking chair on the front porch at the home of his father and step mother Mr and Mrs Claude Du vall when the bullet struck him in the back 22 Caliber Authorities said the bullet ap parently was from a 22 caliber rifle However Coroner C H Wildman said an autopsy woulc be performed to recover the bul let Mrs Duvall said she was in itid yard hanging up some clothes she had just washed when she hearc her stepson call Ma Ive been shot He then collapsed Mrs Du vall said Two neighbors William Martin and Walt Peterson heard Duval call out and ran to his side They said he was breathing when they arrived but died shortly after ward Duvalls wife an expectan mother who had been in the kitchen also ran to his side Sees Small Boy Mrs Claude Duvall said she noticed a small boy about 10 or 12 years old run down the road and enter a nearby trailer camp about the time her stepson cried out but she said she did not notice whether he had a gun The case is being investigated by Bettendorf Police Chief Ed Ludwig and Scott county Deputy Sheriffs Paul and Pete Dittmer The officers said there was no indication where the bullet came from They said a number of boys had been shooting 22 caliber rifles into a hill behind the house but that the fatal bullet could not have come from there because the house was between the hill and photo BUDDIES of Capt Howard E Smith above of Spokane Wash call him Tank Buster When this picture was taken at a South Korean F51 fighter base Smith had flown 26 mis sions in less than 3 weeks and had destroyed a dozen red tanks stress among the western powers especially the United States Ability to maintain military pre paredness obviously depends on economic fitness So if the reds could wreck us economically they would have softened us up so that we would be vulnerable to assault Thus anything which damages he economy of America is an ante o the communist kitty Hoarding upsets the normal rade of the country by creating scarcity of commodities on the market NoiiIIoarders Suffer Nophoarders are made to suf fer for their patriotism because of their inability to buy necessities And widespread hoarding might even deprive the government of things which were needed for overseas operations One ridiculous aspect of hoard ing is that it actually hurts the hoarder His hoarding forces prices up so that while he is hanging onto his hundred pounds of sugar he has to pay more for what he buys for current consumption We shouldnt forget what President Truman had to say about hoarding in his broadcast last week That is foolish I say it is fool ish and its selfish very selfish because hoarding results in entire ly unnecessary local shortages Hoarding food is especially foolish There is plenty of food in this country We have to fear only those shortages which we our selves artificially create Every civilian citizen should be just as much a part of our na tional defense in times of stress like these as is the soldier at the front Civilians are lucky not to be on the firing line in Korea and the least Ameritans can do is con tribute their best to maintenance of this countrys economic strength and morale the place where Duvall was sitting Set Voluntary Officer Recall Washington army an nounced Tuesday a voluntary re call program for lieutenants anc captains in 16 service categories It did not say how many appli cations for return to active dutj would be accepted The greatest need it said is for officers in the medical and denta corps engineers corps and infan try but in the following also are being accepted Medical service corps chaplains ordnance signal corps staff fi nance chemical armored fielc artillery coast artillery arm nurse corps and womens medical specialist corps Those recalled will be placed on active duty in the grade now held They must sign statements agree ing to remain on active duty fo periods of 1 2 or 3 years P O FOR MARSHALLTOWN Washington First step toward building 19 new postoffice in 15 states have been taken Th list includes a new building at Marshalltown Iowa with esti mated cost for buildings and land and one at Indianola Iowa at an stimated cost of less than 25th Division Beats Off Two Attacks By UNITED PRESS Gen Douglas MacArthur Tuesday said further with drawals may be necessary on the central and west Korean fronts MacArthurs midnight war summary estimated that the reds had massed 7 divisions on the front held by the U S 1st cavalry and 25th infantry di visions opposite Yongdong and along1 the mountain line to the northeast Tokyo of the U S 1st cavalry division were driven out of mountain ous Yongdong Tuesday by wave after wave of camou flaged Korean communist troops The Americans withdrew from their western lines to new positions east of the city But their flanking comrades had to fight their way out of several traps spread over the route from the western sec tion of the city The battle was day long and fierce Front dispatches received at U S 8th army headquar ters in Korea said the attack ing North Koreans wore leaves and grass as camou flage Air observers saw many North Korean soldiers moving north and south of the city in a pincers movement aimed at trapping these U S soldiers In their 1st major engagement with the communists Infiltration Seen There were indications snipers and guerrillas had got behind the Americans The battle started with heavy frontal attacks on American posi tions across the main TaejonPu san highway at a point west of Yongdong Fanatical communists in waves fell upon the cavalry men Meager 1st reports indicated Yongdong itself was not fought to earlier reports The Americans pulled back through the town to their new positions Most of the townspeople had been evacuated in line with an order for all civilians to get out of the battlezone The communists worked two jaws of a pincers movement while maintaining the heavy pressure of their frontal attack Red soldiers wearing grass and leaves blended with the countryside to make themselves poor targets The 25th U S division in posi tions somewhere north of the 1st cavalry division beat off two communist attacks with artillery AP VVlrephoto ROCKET SKY into a cloudy sky a V2 rocket carrying a smaller WAG Corporal rocket in its nose takes off at the Long Range proving grounds at Cocoa Fla Monday The long thin needle in the noseof the V2 is the smaller rocket which separated from the V2 at SVs miles and sped off eastward over Atlantic on a horizontal flight path V
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