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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 19, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION 1114111 VOL LVI Associated and United Press Full Lease Five Cents a Copyl MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 19 1950 This Paper Consists of Two So Two Fresh Yank Divisions Strike Reds Truman Asks Billion War Fund Unlimited Army Seeks Partial Home Front Mobilization Tax Increase Request Will Come Later President Says Washington AP Pres ident Truman asked congress Wednesday for a 000 program to provide men and materiels for Korean fighting and to guard against any armed aggression else where Along with new military measures Mr Truman pro posed partial home front mo bilization There will be no price con trols or rationing now But the president said he wont hesitate to call for them if sharp price rises make them necessary New Taxes Later Later he said there will be a request for higher taxes Mr Truman asked that all legal limits on the size of the armed forces be lifted The president also reported to congress he has empowered Secre tary of Defense Johnson to call to active duty as many national guard units and as many units and individuals of the reserve forces of the army navy and air forces as AP WIrephoto NEW TYPE ROCKETS USED IN rockets are a new type 5inch weapon and they are attached to wings of fighter plane by Sgt Albert V Armfield West Point Va and Pfc Donald R Miller Seattle cen and Staff Sgt Albert Liedigk Detroit TDraft Boards Directed To Provide Men Des Moines boards in 7 of Iowas counties were di rected by the state selective serv ice headquarters Wednesday to furnish 30 or more men each for preinduction physical examina tions next week Brig Gen Charles H Grahl service director sent allocations to all counties The number to be given examinations is about 1300 from which 344 will be taken to meet the states September quota The 7 counties and the number of men each is to furnish are Polk 72 Woodbury 38 Black Hawk and Linn 36 each Scott 34 Dubuque 32 and Pottawattamie 30 Alloca tions are based on the number of registrants in each county Quotas for other counties include Appanoose 10 Buena Vista 11 Carroll 14 Cass 10 Cerro Gordo 18 Cherokee 10 Clay 10 Clinton 18 Dallas 14 Des Moines 18 Em met 10 Floyd 12 Hamilton 12 Harrison 14 Jasper 16 Johnson 16 Lee 16 Marshall 16 Musca tine 14 Page 14 Story 16 Union 8 Wapello 18 Webster 18 and Winneshiek 12 may be required The armed services now are limited by law to 2005882 men That figure is divided this way Army 837000 navy 666882 and air force 502000 Army of 593000 Now At latest report the actual num ber of men under arms was army 593000 navy 451000 and air force 407000 Mr Truman laid down his pro gram in a 5500word message to the senate and house reporting in on what has hapened in Korea and why the United States again is fighting thousands of miles from home The attack upon the republic of Korea Mr Truman said makes it plain beyond all doubt that the international communist movement is prepared to use armed invasion to conquer inde pendent nations We must there fore recognize the possibility that armed aggression may take place in other areas The president said the increases in the size of the awned services and the extra supplies they need will require additional appropria tions Hence in the next few days he will transmit to the congress building materials for defense purposes Tuesday he recommended that congress authorize more controls to curb the expansion of privately financed real estate credit 5 That congress authorize pro duction loan guarantees and di rect loans to boost production The idea is to speed and increase the output of vital materials products and services for defense Mr Truman closed his message on a confident note We will follow the course we have chosen with courage and with faith because we carry in our hearts the flame of freedom We are fighting for liberty and for with Gods bless ing we shall succeed Youth Gives Bond on Rape Charge Charles City Dewey Stillions Jr 18 of Oak Park Charles City was at liberty late Tuesday after a 52500 bond had been posted from his release from the Floyd county jail Young Stillions waived a pre liminary hearing in justice court and was bound over to the grand jury on a charge of statutory rape He is accused of being inti mate with a Charles City girl who was 14 in January but is now 7 specific requests for appropria tions in the amount of approxi mately At home Mr Truman said there must be substantial redirection of economic resources to insure that defense needs will be met with out bringing on inflation and its resulting hardship for every fam ily Proposes Controls Accordingly the president pro posed 1 That congress pass legislation now authorizing priorities and al locations for materials needed for national security to limit use of materials for nonessential pur poses to prevent hoarding and to requisition or seize materials re quired for defense 2 That all government agencies review their programs with an eye to lessening the t demand for ser vices and supplies vital to de fense 3 That taxes be boosted more sharply thanhe has recommend ed before in order to combat in flationary pressure He said that at an appropriate time as soon as necessary studies are finished he will present con gress a tax program based on the principles that A the nation must try to pay for the greatest amount of needed spending out of taxes and B the tax system must be balanced to distribute its burden fairly x Mr Truman heretofore has urged mainly higher taxes on cor porations and on upper bracket in comes Wednesday he told congress that m heavier taxes will lessen the need for general economic controls and that a balanced tax program would help check profiteering 4 That there be further re straints on credit expansion along lines of curbs he directed Tuesday lor federally assisted housing The president told the federal housing administration and the veterans administration to demand higher down payments andto cut 4pwn on building programs gen erally in order to provide more months pregnant Strangles on Clothes Line Corydon Jeffries 14 year old son of Mr and Mrs Earl Jeffries of Corydon strangled Monday afternoon while playing House Votes Vast Arms Aid in Speech Response Washington Responding swiftly to President Trumans call for action without delay the house Wednesday authorized 222500000 of military aid to free nations to combat communism abroad The vote was 361 to 1 Rep Marcantonio ALPNY was the lone dissenter Rep Rich a long time advocate of economy in government voted present Passed earlier by the senate the bill now goes to the white house for the presidents signa ture Topheavy house approval of the arms bill followed closely on Mr Trumans message to con gress in which he hinted that Wednesdays amount may be just a beginning In his message the president said that additional assistance may be needed to maintain the mili tary power of certain other free nations whose security is vital to our own As soon as it is possible to de termine what each nation will need to do he told congress I shall lay before the congress a request for such funds as are shown to be necessary to the at tainment and maintenance of our common strength at an adequate level Wednesdays action makes available 2ndyear assistance to in his parents yard The parents said the boy became entangled in clothes line while playing with the North Atlantic nations bound together under the mutual defense assistance pacts and to trouble spots in the near and far east The president told congress his new request will be for billions of dollars more to speed rearmament of western Europe Yank Patrol Kills Wounds 250 of Enemy Washington JP Sixty red Korean aircraft were destroyed in North Korea Tuesday defense spokesmen said Wednesday Earlier Wednesday they re ported 45 planes destroyed or damaged Later the navy came in with the report of an addi tional 15 destroyed on the ground By ROBERT C MILLER On the Taejon Front Korea American patrol killed or wounded some 200 to 300 North Koreans Wednesday attempting to fight their way into American held Taejon It was the most lopsided Ameri can victory of the war The only American casualty was a ma chinegunner who burned his hand TaejOn was still in American hands Wednesday night Inter mittent artillery fire fell in the vicinity of the airport but no damage occurred The battle occurred at oc 1 o c k Wednesday afternoon when a patrol headed by Capt John A Kearns of New York met the North Koreans coming down a road about 5 miles north of Tae jon We hit them h e a don and threw them back Kearns said I estimate there must have been about 200 of them Then they attempted to flank us and we called for help Another com pany under Lt Julius Brown of Birmingham Ala came up and caught the North Koreans in the middle of their flank attempt His machine gunners and auto KOREA SfOUL TAEJON POHANG Chonqup SOUTH KOREA AP Wircphoto U S TROOPS MOVE INLAND REDS SHELL arrow indicates prob ableroute of U S forces which landed unopposed at Pohang A and which are on their way to relieve pressure on Taejon Red forces dark arrows are renewing their activity in the west North Korean forces B are shelling Taejon with heavy mortar and artil lery fire Reds were reported to have taken Iri 40 miles southwest of Taejon Fresh U S soldiers may already be in action at Yechon Black line is approximate battlefront Ask Limited Number Armed Forces Gall Reserves SAME Black means traffic death In past 24 hours JOE PAULSEN TO WED Des Moines Paulsen University of Iowa football letter man and Miss Margaret Sharp of Davenport wilt be married here Aug 5 Paulsen will be a senior at Iowa this fall He is the son of Mr and Mrs Emil Paulsen of Davenport Miss Sharp is the daughter of Mr and Mrs Paul Sharp of Davenport matic riflemen just mowed them down There are indications that the North Koreans are building up strong forces to west of Taejon the north and Aerial recon naissance spotted several pieces of horsedrawn artillery which was subjected to air attack The dugm Americans are alerted for an allout communist attempt to capture the city within 48 hours Heavy North Korean artillery shelled the outskirts of the town during the day but did little or no damage The airfield also was still in American hands Wednesday night TROOPS HEAD FOR LST has just launched a smaller landing craft filled with troops and heads for the beach at Pohang in South Korea Wednesday m the 1st American combat amphibious operation since World war II The landing was made by the U S cavalry division and No Mention of Need for Guards Help Washington defense department announced Wednes day the army and air force will begin immediately recalling a lim ited number of reservists to ac tive duty The navy also will start imme diately a selective recall of re serves the announcement said The department said the actions were taken under the authority granted by President to call up reserves to meet the needs of the Korean situation No Figures Given There was no immediate indi cation of how many men would be ordered to duty Nor was there any mention of the national guard There are about 600000 men in the army reserves 1118231 in the navy reserve 128000 in the ma rines and 117000 in the air force Most of these reserves are on a nonpaid basis All 3 services said the reserv ists recalled would serve at least a year A joint statement by the army and air force said that reserve officers placed on active duty wil hold their present reserve grades This means that reserve officers who were granted promotions a the end of their active duty in World war II will serve at the rank they held after promotion The army said its greatest neec is for medical engineer and in fantry officers in company grade captains or lower Technicians Needed The announcement continued Enlisted reservists most ur gently needed by the army art airbornetrained personnel elec tronic tank and armament main tenance personnel certain mill tary intelligence medical com munication and wire maintenanc technicians as well as certain en gineering and construction spe ialists in landing craft operations amouflage road beach port and ir field construction The air force likewise said that nost of the reserve officers it eeds are captains or lower rank However the air force added Certain critical specialists as veil as officers who may be called o duty with their units will be equired in other grades The AF said its chief need is or those officers who have been rained as navigators bombar diers communications radio and specialists medical and den al officers weather specialists and armament officers A smaller number of officers is needed the AF said in most cat egories As for enlisted men the air force said Airmen whose specialties are most urgently required include hose with experience as aircrafl and engineer mechanics radar anc radio specialists communications personnel armament specialists and personnel of the medica fields as with officer require ments a smaller number of air men are also required in othei fields From Organized Reserve The navy said its quotas will be filled as far as possible from the organized reserve and fleet re serve Members of the navys volun teer reserve wil not be ordered to duty except as necessary to fil specific quotas not obtainable from the organized and fleet reserve sources Waves and enlisted retiree personnel will not be ordered bac at this time the navy said add ing No deferments will be grantee except in cases involving key bil lets jobs in industrial activitie vital to national defense and in cases wherein community welfar would be seriously affected Applications for voluntary re call to active duty as previous announced will still be accepte from male officers and from mal and women enlisted naval reserv ists for a minimum period of on year Renews Peace Effort Washington Prime Vlinister Nehru Tuesday renewed his proposal to bring Communist hina into the United Nations as a step toward solving the Korean crisis In a new note to Secretary of State Acheson the Indian leader argued that the admission of Com munist China as demanded by ioviet Russia would not be an encouragement of aggression He said that in making this ap proach to the U S and Russia india is seeking to strengthen the United Nations in resisting aggres 1st Cavalry Landed on Rocky Coast 25th Tropic Lightning Outfit Sent Into Battle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Newly landed U S troops in a smoothly working offen sive operation expanded their beachhead Wednesday and braced for battle with com munist forces attempting to cut American supply lines in southeast Korea The communists were head ing f o r Taegu important highway hub 60 miles north west of Pusan American sup ply base The U S 1st cav alry mechanized division was believed throwing itself into the reds path to cover the road and rail route lead ing to Taegu The U S 25th division also is operating on South Korea The communists remassed and regrouped their firepow er despite ferocious allied air attacks and began blasting shells at Taejon still held by the Americans and a nearby village Behind their lines the reds worked feverishly on blasted bridges to restore dis rupted supply lines so that the offensive brought to a halt by U S and South Ko rean resistance could be re sumed The famed Hell for Leather 1st cavalry division dismounted veterans of the liberation of Manila landed troops on the rocky east coast at Pohang just be low the North lines and drove inland 7 miles The 25th Tropic Lightning division came ashore at an undisclosed location One of these divisions apparently the 25th already has hit the enemy Buildup Underway The arrival of the new Amer ican troops committed to the battle zone on 10 days notice raised hope that the time of Amer ican retreat was past More delay ing action was predicted but the buildup for the counteroffensive was getting under way The 1st cavalry is commanded by Maj Gen Hobart R Gay It landed unopposed at a pier in the little fishing town of Pohang 66 miles north of Pusan the chief U S supply port in Korea It went ashore with artillery en gineering and signal units and mounds of supplies The number of men landed was secret The 25th may have already been in action at Yechon 52 miles in land from the east coast on the right anchor of a line held by South Koreans It was here that unexplained U S artillery fire handed the communists a jolt Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers ending Wed nesday followed by decreasing cloudiness Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy Low Wednesday night 50 to 55 High Thursday 75 to 80 Iowa Clearing west portion early Wednesday night and in east late Wednesday night Cooler with lows near 50 northwest and 54 to 58 southeast Thursday mostly fair and warmer High Thursday about 80 Further out look Scattered showers Friday mostly in east portion Saturday partly cloudy with little change in temperature Minnesota Clearing Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy somewhat warmer Low Wed nesday night 5055 High Thurs day 8083 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum VI Minimum 59 At 8 a m 60 Precipitation 111 YEAR AGO Maximum 91 Minimum 55 earlier this week and sent them reeling in retreat Pressure Lifted The landings will lift some ot the pressure from the 24th di vision which has been holding the Taejon area below the Kum river line The 24th had stopped the communists in their tracks at Tae jon while allied planes ripped at enemy armor vehicles and sup ply lines Groggy from a bloody battering the communists pulled up on the Kum to get their breath and only patrol actions were re ported for almost two days American jet fighters shot down 3 Russianmade Yak fighters in dogfights over the western sector Wednesday It was the 1st enemy opopsition in the air since early in the war Other allied fliers knocked out 6 red tanks and 55 trucks near the front lines Five key bridges just behind the ene mys lines were blasted out cut ting his supply lines Light bomb ers hit railyards at Tanyang and Kongju on the enemys supply routes B29 Superforts struck a bridge at Seoul Allied carrier based planes struck at Wonsan North Korean port and communi cations center and hit an airfield at Pyongyang North Korean cap ital No allied air losses were re ported Possibly Low On Gas Some observers on the western sector of the front said these air blows badly hurt the reds Fliers reported seeing pack animals in the enemys supply lines indicat ing a possibility the communists were low on gasoline or vehicles or both The communists have been hiding their tanks by day and moving their armored columns under cover of darkness Moscows Literary Gazette print ed a dispatch that a communist offensive was developing south east and southwest of Taejon
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