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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 7, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME and United Full Leas Wires MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AH NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 7 1950 This Paper ot Two HOME EDITION ii 1111r zn Order Draft Effective to Add 600000 AMERICANS IN KOREAN FRONT LINETwo unidentified U S soldiers are loading an antitank weapon as Americans go into action agains North as made Asks Big Sum to Speed Bomb Developments Washington President TruMah Friday asked Congress for to speed development ofatomic bombs aridpush exper iments on the hydrogen bomb Mr Truman said the money would be used to enable the atomic energy commission to build additional and more effici ents plants to out his di rective of Jan 31 ordering work on the Hbomb The president said thefunda mental objective is to use atomic energy for peace but he added VUntil this objective is achieved however we must strengthen our own defenses by providing the necessary atomic energy capacity He pointed out in a statement that his January directive called on the AEC to continue its work on all forms of atomic weapons 1 including the hydrogen or fusion bomb Mr Truman did not mention Simmer T Pike who hasbeen acting chairman of the AEC by he had these words to say in connection with his confi dence in the commission In this new undertaking speeding the progress of the atomic energy program the atomic energy commission has my complete cpnfidenee based upon the able and vigorous leadership it has given to the atomic energy program in the past Pikes nomination for a new term has been bottled up in the senate where a vote on confirma tion isset for Monday The presi rit emphasized Thursday his confidence in Pike and said he is backing him 100 per cent Vannevar Bush Tells of New Land Weapon New York Vanne var Bush Friday a new land weapon which make short work of heavily armored Russian tanks could be in production in 6 months How fast it will be put into production depends upon how much pressure is put behind it he said on his arrival from Europe In a recent statement made in Paris Doctor Bush wartime chair man of the joint research and de velopment board in Washington described the weapon as a mar riage of the bazooka and the re coilless gun He said it was one of the most dangerous develop ments since the last war Ameri can troops have been reported us ing the bazooka and the recoilless tfun in Korea Asked about the danger of the new weapon falling into Russian hands Doctor Bush said they might not use it in Korea for that reason TRANSFERRED TO CUBA Washington ffi Quihtin R Bates Fairf ield Iowa has been transferred from the state depart ment to Havana Cuba as 2nd sec Vttary and vice consul the de partment has reported BULLETIN MacARTHUR NAMED Lake Success JP General Douglas MacArthurs appoint ment as the first supreme com mander of U N forces in Korea was made possible Friday by the security council May Test New Weapons at Korean Front By ELTON FAY Washington fP The Korean war front may become a testing ground for new and improved American weapons Right now United States forces locked in a bitter land battle with a surprising powerful enemy are using whatever they had handy when they were rushed into what started as a mere police action As the fighting goes on addi tional weapons will be brought in including many new ones On the basis of the type of war fare currently predominating in Korea speculation at the Penta gon is that ground force weapons likely will be the first to undergo any battletesting Such trials un dergo the hard punishing condi tions of actual combat are consid ered essential to get the bugs out of new designs No Logical Targets However the possibility discounted that radically weapons of mass destruction atomic bombs might be given field trials For one thins there are no logical Korean targets for A bombswhich are designed for strategic destruction of industrial points and cities But such arms as the new Super Bazooka and the light accurate recoilless gun might eventually be tried out against the North Koreans definitely good tanks and artillery positions Up to the present there have been no reports from Korea indi cating that United States tanks have entered the field to contest enemy armored columns Presum ably this is because there hasnt yet been timeto ship tanks to the front from Japanese bases Doubt Test of Aircraft As for the situation in the air officials here incline to the view that if the war continues with only North Korean planes and pilots any testing of new American avia tion equipment probably will be limited So far as is known the North Korean air force consists of defin itely 2ndHne aircraft Russian Yak fighters with propeller pow er uU b no j ets was new like lowans Evacuated From South Korea Washington jp Three state department employes with next of kin in Iowa were among those safely evacuated from Korea to Japan tfie state department has reported They are with next of kin in parenthesis Clarissa G Hein W A Hein Royal H Wells Mrs Sarah Wells and Martin B Little Clarence Little Des E Formosa Wanted by Red China Lake Success China has served notice on the United Nations that it is determined to seize Formosa despite any military meas ures America may take Foreign Minister Chou En Lai outlined the Peiping re gimes position in a cable Thursday to U N Secretary General Trygve Lie It ac cused the U S of an act of open aggression in assigning American naval units to pro tect the Chinese nationalist island bastion Chou Enlais message accused the U Nof acting asa tool of America by countenancing Presi dent Trumans action in sending American naval vessels to guard Formosa It said Silence Charged By keeping silent on this act of open aggression of the United States government the security council and the secretarygeneral of the United Nations have fore gone their functions and duties of upholding world peace and there by became pliant instruments of the policy of the United States government Declaring the U S violates the U N principle forbidding any member to use force against the territorial integrity or political in dependence of any other state the message continued Historical Fact Taiwan Formosa is an in separable part of the territory of China This is not only a historical fact recognized by the entire world but is also confirmed by the Cairo declaration the Potsdam declaration and the situation since the surrender of Japan The communist eluded Despite any military steps of obstruction taken by the United States government the Chinese people are irrevocably determined to liberate Taiwan without fail Both the nationalist and com munist regimes hold that Formosa belongs to China K U S Invites Voluntary Enlistments message con GOP Renominates Hudson Spillman Emmetsburgr Court Judges W G Spillman of Algona and Fred Hudson of Pocahontas were nominzfted for reelection at the republican 14th district ju dicial convention Friday Their present terms expire December 31 DESTROYED BY FIRE Oranre City and 13 tons of large barn new hay were destroyed by fire Thursday on the James Nibbelink farm northeast of here The Orange City fire de partment saved other buildings on the farm Badly Shrunken Army Will Be First to Benefit by Action Washington govern ment Friday ordered use of the draft to add some 600000 men to the armed services Voluntary enlistments also were invited Presumably the number of volunteers will determine how many will be drafted to bring the fighting forces to full strength to back up American troops fighting in communistinvaded S o u tt Korea No men have been drafted in the last 18 months The selective service system however has continued to register and classify youths On June 23 some 7638000 men between the ages of 18 and 26 were classified Of that number 1140000 were in the meaning fit lor military service 19 to 26 Draft Age The draft act which last week was renewed for one year calls for registration of men between 18 and 26 Only those from 19 to26 can be drafted Maj Gen Floyd L Parks chief of army public information told reporters that if the armed forces are brought to full strength with out use of selective service we wil be very happy Presumably this means that military leaders are hopeful there will be a large influx of volun teers possibly including many veterans Parks added that as far as he knows the decision has not been made to call ihe national guard The general also said a decision has not been made to order up army reserves but that those vol unteering will be welcomed Announcement of the decision to invoke the draft was made at the Pentagon President Truman si multaneously summoned congres sional military leaders to the white house to tell them of the decision As the use of the draft was or dered defense officials announced that overall ceilings on branches of the armed services had been lifted This means that army navy and air force can go beyond their present budget ceilings on mili tary personnel Economy Prevented Expansion Economy restrictions up to now have prevented expansion of the fighting forces The latest total strength figure given for all the services was about 1370000 The authorized strength is 2005882 The text of the short announce ment made at the Pentagon fol lows To meet the situation in Korea upon recommendation of the joint chiefs of staff concurred in by the secretaries of army Viavy and air and with the approval of the pres ident the army navy and air force have been authorized to ex ceed the overall budget ceilings for military personnel This action constitutes a first step to build up to full operating strength the units of the army navy and air force to be used in the Korean operation to provide further maintenance and support therefore and to replace units to be moved to Korea The use of selective service has been authorized Voluntary en listments also will be accepted The army probably will be the first to benefit by the new order Its combat strength has been whittled down from the wartime peak to only 11 divisions Four of these divisions are in the Far East with part of them either in or headed for the Korean war front The 4 divisions are part of an overall strength in the Far East of about 123500 men Grahl Awaits Draft Orders Des Moines JP Brig Gen Charles H Grahl Iowa selective service director said Friday he expected to receive instructions soon from national headquarters as to proceeding with drafting men He said he not been in formed of such a government or der but expected it on the basis of an Associated Press story read to him Recently the state selective serv ice headquarters said there are about 20000 young registrants eligible for immediate call if needed provided they pass physi cal and mental tests Appeals Fine to District Court An appeal to district court has been on a parking ticket in Mason City Leonard R Boyd route 3 after being fined and costs in police court for parking in a restricted district made the appeal He was released on bond NQRJH KORSA WHERE MAJOR BATTLE TAKING area in rugged country of western South Korea where a major battle is expected to develop between in vading red troops dark arrow and a smaller American force open Shading indicates extent of battle line with other North Korean thrusts shown by dark arrows Air attacks were launched against North Korean harbor at Chinnampo what is believed to be 4 submarines were bombed and against red tanks advancing at Pyong taek Air force also pounded North Korean targets blast symbols at Wonsan and Kojo Isolated red units have been seen at Pohang B and north along the east coast ReConsider McClelland Murder Case Lincoln Nebr case of Charles McClelland who claims he was in Mason City Iowa the night of a double slaying in Omaha is being considered by Gov Val Peterson and the attor ney general McClelland is serving a life sentence for the slaying of Mr and Mrs R L May II of Arling ton Va in August of 1947 Their bodies were found beside the highway west of Omaha The former carnival worker who claims he is innocent said he admitted the slayings to avoid returning to the Colorado peni tentiary intending innocence later to prove his Meeting with the governor and Deputy Attorney General Walter Nolte Thursday was William F Collins St Paul Minn carnival owner He said he could produce 5 witnesses who would place Mc Clelland in Mason City the night the Mays were killed Believe Russia Moves Toward Germ Warfare By DONALD J GONZALES Washington of icials speculated Friday that Moscows potato bug propaganda may cloak a sinister red plot to cut the U S air corridor to Ber lin They said the charges which fit nto a growing hate America campaign also may be aimed at clearing the way for Russias use of germ warfare in event of hos tilities Experts searching for possible replications underlying Russias angry charges that American slanes dumped potato bugs on eastern Germany were inclined o believe the Russians may be ivorking up another overt move n Berlin They pointed out that Moscow claimed the U S planes violated existing air rules on the Frank urtBerlin route used by the U SBritish airlift in 1948 and 1949 o supply the blockaded German capital Red strategy it was felt may call for another attempt to try to ivin Berlin by cutting it off from he western zones of Germany Russians already have cut off power supplies to the allied zones f Berlin and have threatened to lalt its coal supplies Reliable informants said this government is considering the jossibility of offering the com munistcontrolled east German supplies of DDT to Battle its potato bugs or Colorado Beetles The offer if made may e announced by John J McCloy U S high commissioner for Ger many Russia filed a formal diplomatic protest last Friday complaining hat U S planes had dropped bugs in eastern Germany to de troy tha potato crop The howl tas been echoed propaganda organs by satellite End Rail Strike But Rock Island Remains Idle Chicago AFL switchmen have called off their 12day strike against 4 or 5 big midwest am western railroads They actec Thursday after President Truman called the strike unjustified and threatened drastic action The strike against the Chicago Rock Island and Pacific continues The other lines the Chicago Great Western the Great North ern the Denver and Rio Grande Western and the Western Pacific bent all efforts Friday to ge rolling again Prompted by President The end of the strike on the 4 lines came 8 hours after the presi dent told a news conference he would take drastic action if neces sary to halt the walkout of 4000 members of the AFL Switchmens Union of North America He did not say what he would dp if his demand were ignored He did not for example say whether he would ask government seizure of the lines The Western Pacific said in San Francisco it would run its passen ger trains Friday Officers of the Great Northern at St Paul Minn announced operation would be resumed as fast as we can D RGW officials at Den ver said their trainswould be rolling as rapidly as possible No Plans by Great Western The Chicago Great Western did not have any immediate announce ment of resumption plans The switchmen said they would continue their strike against the Rock Island to learn whether free men in a free country can still bargain with their employers without fear that big govern ment will team up with obstinate employers J D Farrihgton president of the Rock Island was quoted by a line spokesman as saying he was shocked that the Rock Is land should be singled out for continuation of the strike TheRock Island is paralleled by other rail lines a union spokesman commented and there fore there is no strike emergency on the line This way the railroads wont be able to scream about an emer gency being created by the Rock Islands switchmen being on strike he said The 8000 mile Rock Island sys tem runs from Chicago and con nects with west coast lines in Mew Mexico and Colorado The switchmen went off the job June 25 in protest to a presiden ial factfinding boards report The unionists wanted a 40hour week at 48 hours pay The board approved the 40hour demand but suggested an 18cent an hour pay boost instead of the 48 hours pay about half of what the switchmen sought Chicago Great i Western of icials here Friday said they ex pected to have normal operations on the railroad by Monday It was xpected though not officially confirmed that the southbound passenger would make its first run through here Saturday mom ng at and the northbound at a m as formerly State Stops Oil Shipments to Far East Washington GJR r e American oil under orders from state department Friday to withhold all oil shipments to the Far East lest they fall into North Korean hands The order was issued as an in formal request Thursday Of ficials were sure it would be obeyed It supplemented the already tight control the government is exerting over exports of all ma terials of potential war value to the North Koreans and communists Restrictions on a long list of war potential items is being car ried out through the export li cense authority of the commerce department The state department said all American firms were asked to re frain from shipping petroleum products to North Korea com munist China British HongKong or Macao the Portuguese colony near Hong Kong Simultaneously this country asked Great Britain and the Netherlands to curb their oil ship ments to communist China or North Korea Officials were op timistic that the 2 countries would agree The United States called a halt on oil shipments to Hong Kong or Macao on the theory that prac tically all petroleum products go ing to the colonies would be trans shipped into communist held areas Only recently some Amer ican oil was landed directly at Tientsin China Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer through Saturday Low Friday night 60 High Saturday 88 Iowa Clear Friday night with lows generally 60 to 66 but a little lower in valleys in south east Iowa Considerable sun shine and warmer Saturday with southerly winds 1525 MPH Slowly increasing humid ity and highs of 86 to 92 Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday scattered thunder showers north and westcentral portion Warmer Friday night except little change in temperature extreme north west Low Friday night 6065 High Saturday 8692 Five Day Iowa Weather Temperatures will average near normal Normalhighs 86 to 89 Normal lows 61 to 65 Warmer Saturday Turning cooler Mon day Warming again Tuesday Rainfall will be light to moaer onehalf inch Scattered showers Sunday or Monday and again about Wed nesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis ics for the 24 hours ending at J a m Maximum 83 Minimum 51 At 8 a m 70 Report U S Tanks Ready for Action American Advance Patrol Leads Gain Against Northerners By LEIF ERICKSON Tokyo Saturday A 10 mile stab northward against meager enemy oppo sition was credited to a strong American advance patrol in South Korea Friday as a head quarters spokesman in Tokyo said American tanks had reached South Korea The spokesman indicated the American tanks had not yet gone into action but said the American and South Ko rean troops seeking to repell the northern cpihmunire in vasion would be given tank support The intimations of an American counter thrust against the red invasion that began June as Gen MacArthurs early morning communique continued to stress a strong enveloping maneuver by the reds A South Korean colonel considered reliable said the report of the recapture of the 2 towns from North Korean reds was made to the South Korean a r m y American headquarters in Korea had not reported recapture of the towns Both were taken by the communists Thursday An unconfirmed South Ko rean repqrt said aired column headed by 2 tanks and 2 ju mored cars threatened the southeastern Pusan area The east coast force was re ported 80 miles north of the important port and supply base where the first Ameri can seaborne troops were landed in Korea The Korean colonel said it took a big fight to wrest Chungju from the reds U S troops have been fighting alongside South Koreans around both towns 90000 Reds Meanwhile both sides rushed men and supplies into the muddy red clay area along the winding Kum river forwhat appeared to be an imminent battle involving upwards of 90000 Korean reds and a small American force The rugged river country just north of Taejon is likely to be come the battleground The American commander in Korea estimated the northern in vaders strength He said the reds had thrown 15 divisions and 150 tanks into South Korea He esti mated the communist fighting men at between 75000 and 90000 Some divisions he said were at brigade strength So fast were the communists pouring in it was a question whether the Americans would have time to check the powerful thrust But this much was cer Americans thus far tested in battle were able A handful of no more than cold for 6 hours the best division the Russian trained Koreans threw at them The grim news of the huge red reinforcements came as American and Australian airmen pounded the enemy They reported 16 tanks knocked out U S a North Korean port too Pilots bombed what ap peared to be 4 submarines in Chin nampo harbor The northerners are not known to have any subs Kussia from whose huge the North Koreans t stores has an 75 submarines in the Pa cific The top American commander in said no big fight had are the ana North Jvoreans So far he said half a battalion had tasted action It did a good job and pulled out after suffering about 10 per cent casualties cornmHnder W3s not in the dispatch from Korea SAME
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