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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 6, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Prest and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 6 1950 HOME EDITION umif This Paper Consists of Two No 231 North Korean Army Pushes Yanks Back SANTA FE TRAIN WRECKWreckage of the Santa Fe Chief and El bound trains which sideswiped when a rail broke at Monica 111 early Thursday morning 2 Santa Fe Trains Wreck 9 Are Dead 5075 Injured 27 Industries Ask Big Slash of Excise Tax By FRANCIS M LE MAY Washington fo 27 industries asked the senate Thursday to slash excise taxes on furs jewelry movie anc scores of other items by 32400 000000 They said the 1010000 000 cut approved by the house is not enough The largest cuts could be made they told the senate finance com mittee at little or no loss in ne income to the treasury Besides they argued it would spur business and employment in the excisetaxed industries that have had to lay off workers Organized as the national com mittee for repeal of wartime ex cise taxes the businessmens case was presented by Leon Henderson wartime head of OPA Arde Bui ova board chairman of the Bui ova Watch Co New York Louis Ruthenburg board chairman of Servel Inc Evansville Ind and Charles Nichols president of G M McKelvey Co Youngstown Ohio They called for repeal of the wartime excise taxes enacted in 1941 1942 and 1943 except those on tobacco alcoholic beverages and gasoline Although these excises now bring in about a year they said the loss in gov ernment revenue actually would amount to only They contended that the reduc tion would stimulate business and the larger collections from in come taxes would offset the bulk of the excise loss The group appeared before the committee as the outlook for any excise cut at all seemed tied tight er than ever to the war in Korea Galesburg III pas sengers were killed Thursday in a freak collision of 2 Santa Fe rail way name trains running side by side The wreck occurred early Thursday morning at Monica 111 148 miles southwest of Chicago Monica burg is 30 miles from Gales A mail coach of the El Capitan extra fare all coach train running between Los Angeles and Chicago suddenly leftthe rails and swerved into the Kansas City Chief a combined Pullmanand coach ex press This tram operates between Kansas City and Chicago Both trains were running east bound toward Chicago the Kans as Citj Chief was on the normally westbound track under automatic train control Railroad headquarters in Chi cago described this as a normal operating maneuver The El Cap itan has a faster train running time than the Kansas City Chief and is due at its Chicago terminus a half hour earlier The El Capitan was making its normal daily pass ing of the Chief the line said 0 Bill Carithers photographer for the Galesburg RegisterMail said he went through the wrecked coaches and counted 8 dead 4 of them in awashroom The list of injured ranged be tween 50 and 75 persons Some were in critical condition others were treated for minor wounds and released from hospitals im mediately One of the dead was Mrs Cora Rollins of Cleveland Ohio who was returning to Cleveland from Los Angeles with her grand daughter Delores Keith 16 De lores who was injured said her grandmother was dead The injured were taken to 3 hospitals in Peoria and 2 at Gales burg No Iowa or Nebraska names were on the preliminary lists of injured About 15 coaches of both Streamline trains were jammed to gether in the wreckage Four or 5 were telescoped and badly wrecked Some nosed into the soft earth along the rightofway Because of the early hour It was some time before help could reach the wreck scene Farmers carrying axes came from the neighborhood to chop paths to those trapped in the debris The mail coach that led the chain of derailing cars was 4 or 5 cars behind the diesel locomo tive Mark Friess of Chillicothe Dl who was in charge of the El Capitan mail coach said the train was traveling normally when ap parently something went wrong the mail car We swerved and seemed to sail Soys U S Army Must Trade Distance for Time to Win By HARRY FERGUSON United Press Foreign News Editor The American commanders in Korea find themselves in such a tough spot Thursday that they are going to have to borrow a trick from the Russians They are going to have to trade distance for time The trouble is that there isnt too much distance to trade and the Americans need lots of time The Russians invented the tech nique of trading distance for time when they were attacked by Na poleon They would make a stand against the French army fight as long as they could and then fall back Napoleonkept getting deep er into himself a great amount of distanceBut the Russians kept winning time to reinforce and equip their armies Napoleon went right into Moscowand found the city in flames Then he began his long bitter retreat through the Russian winter and only a few stragglers survived to return to Paris It was a death blow to the grand army of France Follow Early Technique The Russians used the same technique in World war II They lured aGerman army all the way to Stalingrad trading distance for time evefy step of the way Then they struck their blow in the dead of winter and destroyed an army of 300000 men commanded by Field Marshall Von Paulus In 12 days the Korean commu nists have foughttheir way 70 miles south from their jumpoff point at the 38th parallel If they keepgoing at that rate they are going to have the Americans and South Koreans pushed against the sea by the end of July The chances are the communists wont travel that fast from now on Much of their advance was made through the air to the left We hit I Time Thursday the locomotive and the first car of the Chief Roll Ahead The cars ahead of the the locomotive and lead coaches of the El ahead on the tracks for about a half mile Brinkman the Peoria reporter said he was told the El Capitan was traveling about 90 miles an hour at the time that the Chief was doing 70 The El Capitan left Los An geles at p m Pacific Stand ard July 4 and was due at Dearborn station Chicago at a m Central Standard Time Thursday The Kansas City Chief left Kansas City at 10 p m Cen tral Standard Time Wednesday night and was due in Chicago at a m Centrrl Standard before the American air force and army got into the fight But they are still pushing forward and the Americans are retreating Maj Gen William F Dean American commander in Korea said Thursday his troops were making a planned withdrawal That means he is going to drop backestablish a new line and make another stand against the communists By so doing he hopes to win time enough to get more troops and more into the Korean fighting Fuel a Problem It is no easy matter to reinforce the American army in Korea The American west coast is 16 days by ship from Korea Our planes have no bases in Korea They are based in Japan and every time theyfly a mission they have to make a longwater hop from Ja pan and save enough fuel to go back across the water to their base Another reason the Americans need time is that we made a mili tary miscalculation in Korea We threw jet planes into the fight and by trial and error learned that they werent suited to the Korean war They cant carry enough fuel and they cant maneuver quickly in and out of the Korean hills So the jets are going to be pulled out That is the reason behind Wednesdays announcement that World war II Mustangs are going to be sent into the war But it will take time to get them into action and that is why Gen Dean is willing to trade some distance for time Reports Run on New Enlistments Des Moines men reported to the recruiting of fice here Thursday to take exam in the com inations for enlistment army and air force Capt Henry Graham Wlll manding officer said it was the largest number for 1 day since the draft ended In the past 2 or 3 weeks from 8 to 14 volunteers have been re porting each day was lower before Graham said The average that Captain Peter Kalischer Believed Captured Washington army said Thursday that United Press Cor respondent Peter Kalischer is be lieved captured by North Korean communists The communist radio said Wed nesday night that Kalischer and Associated Press Correspondent Tom Lambert were captured near Suwon Both had been missing for several hours Lambert how ever turned up later at Taejon and reported to Tokyo by telephone RETURN DRIVER Charles City au thorities were to arrive in Charles City Thursday to return Wayne Hiatt who according to Police Chief Henry DeBoest jumped bail bond there on a charge of operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated Police arrested Hiatt here Wednesday night RedTrained Force of 40000 Drives Southward From Suwon American Casualties Called Nominal to Heavy by GHQ By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tokyo General MacArthurs headquarters announced Thursday night rocketfiring F80 jets destroyed 8 tanks and 5 trucks of the invading North Korean force pushing south ward from Suwon Headquarters said a flight of B26 bombers destroyed 40 trucks during Thursdays A tion American field sources pictured the action the heavies yet of the war A tankled force of an esti mated 40000 Russian trained Ko rean communists thrust Ameri can forces well down the peninsu la from Suwoii A spokesman at American head quarters in Korea said U S troops had been pushed back 8 to 10 miles But field dispatches placed the vanguard of the roll INVADING PLANES REPORTED DISGUISED Tokyo of South Ko rean plane markings by North Korean invader planes was re ported Friday by General Mac Arthurs communique It said 4 such disguised planes attacked Osan i n g communist drive about 60 miles from Seoul red captured southern capital He said 20 to 35 red tanks and 19 to 25 Russian built Yak air planes had been destroyed by the Americans He did not mention American losses But an Ameri can officer at the front placed U S ground force losses at nominal o heavy without any indica tion of the size of the U S force committed to battle The battle line stretched from Pyongtaek in the west to Chechon about 12 miles north of the 37th parallel and then due east to a coastal town north of Utchin Rush Reinforcements American reinforcements were jeing rushed to 3 points on the U S left flank at Pyongnyon Kong doyu and Kanu none of which are shown on detailed maps The main action was reported in that area The spokesman said the their drive gaining in force and fury had between 160 and 170 Russian built heavy tanks in South Korea He added they might be running low on fuel and upplies The fast moving red tanks orced abandonment of one Amer can command post Red infan rymen accompanied the tanks American gunners fired at al most point blank range on the tanks then removed breech locks and gun sights and pulled back A front line dispatch from As sociated Press Correspondent Tom Lambert said the reds had cap tured Pyongtaek and Songhwan and nosed into Chonan Pyong taek is 36 miles south of Seoul and Chonan 12 miles beyond that Songhwan is between Gloomy Outlook A senior American officer paus ing at a railroad station in the battle zone said gloomily It was a bad one this time U S soldiers including at least one European war veteran agreed That could mean real Ameri can losses and a general kicking around by the invaders who have shown power in their southward thrust The Americans were said to have destroyed 10 tanks in rear guard action Approximately 40 tanks and 1 000 North Korean infantrymen were in the fast moving force which once was halted temporar ily but picked up speed a short time later A commanding officer at Ko rean headquarters said Ameri cans at one advanced position had improved their lotby moving to a new defense position The com munists reportedly had bypassed some advance American units Hampton Man Named to Hospital Councif DCS Moines Wil iam S Beardsley announced Thursday the appointment of 6 persons to the Iowa hospital ad visory council Four are reap pointments 2 are new The appointees are Tom Purceli of Hampton Mrs Ralph D Jac obson of Boorie Miss Anna C International photo AH U S forces in Korea have been placed under Maj Geu William F Dean above com manding general 24th infantry division by Gen Douglas Mac Arthur Brig Gen John H Church will serve as senior GHQ liaison officer and will be attached to Deans headquarters Drastic Action in Rail Strike Is Threatened Washington Truman threatened Thursday to take drastic action unless switch men abandon their strike on major railroads He called it an unjustified strike and blamed it upon a small minority of the switchmen He said the switchmen declined to abide by the recommendations of a very able presidential fact finding board Mr Truman told his news con ference he hopes drastic action will not be necessary to force the strikers back to their jobs But he said he would act if it arlson of Ida Grove Mrs A D became necessary He declined Wiese of Manning Harold Wright of Sioux City and Miss Esther Squires of Washington The new members are Mrs Jac obson and Mrs Wiese Members of the council are paid or their expenses and days vorked only SEOUL SOOTH KOREA TAf however to say what steps might be taken About 4000 of the AFL Switchmens union a r e on strike against the Rock Island the Chicago Great Western the Den ver and Rio Grande Western the Western Pacific and the Great Northern railroads They are de manding a 40 hour week with 48 hours pay A presidential board proposed instead giving them the 40 hour week with an 18cent an hour pay increase Government mediators are working in Chicago in aneffort to end the walkout The men ought to go back to work at once the president said r Situation Is Not Serious MacArthur Tokyo Americans are making a general retreat in Korea pursued by 50000 com munist troops and 100 tanks The Americans have been rolled hack 25 miles and the latest communist victory has threatened rail communications from the Korean port city of Pusan to the battle field Com m u n i s t forces swept southward from the SeoulSu won sector and pushed the Americans back through stra tegic Pyongtaek The G Ia were driven out of a defense line on the south bank of a river where they made a shortlived stand Washington AP Gen eral MacArthurs headquar ters has advised thePentagon that the situation of Ameri can ground forces in Korea is not considered serious in any An army spokesman tell ing Thursday of the MacAr thur advices denied vigorous ly that an American infantry outpost was wiped out by North Korean tankled forces Tokyo advised the Pentagon the spokesman said that the outpost had withdrawn behind strong de fensive positions and that losses were very moderate The attackon the outpost was made in force byan undetermined number of Koreaitflibojps and be tween 40 to 50 tanks Withdrawal Orderly The withdrawal of the outpost the spokesman followed ap proved tactical procedures and in no respect was the outpost wiped out The spokesman said the outpost was doing exactly what it was supposed to out to an ad vanced position hold i it as long as possible then In answer to a question the spokesman said the buildup of American forces in South Korea through the port of Pusan is going quite well even in the face of aad weather However he cau iioned it takes time when troops and heavy equipment must be moved over long distances No Minor Incident Commenting that the Korean war is certainly not a minor inci dent the official spokesman said t is going to require supplies and jood troops He added No one tnows now how much At the morning Pentagon brief ng for newsmen it was an nounced that the first shipment of ground forces equipment for Indo china and Indonesia would leave San FranciscoFriday This will include signal equip ment vehicles and ammunition The first consignment of ahequip g ousiy siari He said the strike is tying up 5 i for southeast Asia a week ago main line railroads at a time when ment 8 C47 transports started the rail services is needed es pecially for the movement of cat tle and wheat from the west That is reason enough to take drastic action unless the strike ends he said He wouldnt say when asked xvhether he felt the strike was enough for him to go before con gress or to seek seizure of the strikebound lines SAME 239 flif traffic past Zt htun REDS PIERCE SOUTH KOREAN DEFENSESNorth Korean armored column dark arrows have pushed through the SojongChechon defense line solid black line on con tinued southward sweep One red drivenosed into Chonan A forcing U S forces to withdraw almost 50 miles south of Seoul South Koreans clashed with red armored unit at Chungjun Broken line from Chechon to east coast marks wandering defense line through mountainous terrain Town of Utchin C was reported retaken by South Ko is Truman Has No Plans to Call Armed Reserye Washington e s i d e n Truman said Thursday there are no present plans to call the na tional guard or armed forces re serves to duty becausS ofthe Ko rean war His statement at a news confer ence was in response to questions A reporter asked presiden if he was hopeful that everything work out a11 r8ht in Korea Mr Truman said of course he is It will work out all right he added Mr Truman also said he has no plans now to seek additional mili tary funds Mr Truman was told at his conference that there were re ports the United States was ex erting pressure on Cairo for Egypt to line up in the UnitedNations fight against communism in Ihe Far East The president replied only that he had no knowledge of the re port CALL FOR BANK STATEMENT Washington The comptrol ler of the currency Thursday is sued a call for a statement of the condition of all national banks at the close of business June 30 Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair not quite so cool northwest and extreme west portions Thursday night Low Thursday night 48 to 54 north 58 fair and a little warmer winds becoming southerly 15 MPH High Friday 82 to 86 Low humidity through Friday Further out look Fair Saturday and prob ably Sunday Gradual warming trend continuing through Sat urday night at least Mason City Fair Thursday night with low near 50 Partly cloudy and warmer Friday High 85 Minnesota Fair not quite so cool Thursday night Friday partly cloudy possibly a few scattred showers near the Canadian bor der Somewhat warmer south and central portions Low Thursday night 5055 High Fri day 8186 IN MASON CITY GlobeQazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 79 47
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