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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 27, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IfcWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Prw United Frew Full Leas Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITX IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 27 1950 This Paper Consists of Two US Fighters Bombers Strike at No MJ American Forces Hit North Korea Broadcast of Attack Attributed to President Rhee Tokyo South Korean broadcast early today said Amer ican bombers and fighter planes already were attacking tanks of the invading North Korean reds The broadcast was made in the name of President Syngman Rhee of the South norean republic No details were given The United States has 500plus air forceplanes and 18 warships in thefarPacific U S military manpower there totals 123500 Defense department officials supplies the figures Tuesday The air force says it has 6 lighter groups 1 medium bomber group and 2 light bomber squad rons ready for action The fighters include 5 day lighter groups equipped with 75 planes each including F80 Shooting Star jet fighters and fiht r Mustang engine Washington in Appeal to Rusia United States has appealed directly to Russia to use its influence to halt the fighting in Korea reliable ad jhinistration sources said Tuesday Informants said the appeal was drafted by the state department for delivery to the soviet foreign off ice in Moscow The UV iS note also was said to have informed Russia of thesteps States is taking to pre peace The note appealed to Russia to t intervenewith the North Korean communist government Officials said this government gave the Soviets a full report on its action ordering U S air and sea forces to support South Ko rean troops Such an appeal indicated the state departments clear feeling thatxMoscow has the power to halt the North Korean attack on South Korea The note also was regarded as a tacit warning to Russia against lending any direct or indirect sup port to the North Korean forces The state department declined immediate official comment on the note But it was learned that the de partment is considering making dn announcement on it in the near future presumably as soon as the note is delivered to Moscow Report FORECAST Mason City Clear Tuesday night withlittle change in tempera ture Low Tuesday night 60 Partly cloudy and warmer Wed nesdaywith high 85 Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night with scattered thundershowers southwest and extreme west Warmer west and central por tions Low Tuesday night 55 to 60 Wednesday partly cloudy showers west and extreme south southerly winds 15 MPH High Wednesday near 85 Fur ther outlook Clearing and cooler north and west and showers southeast Wednesday night Low temperatures 50 to 58 Thursday fair and cooler with highs near 80 Iowa Fiveday Weather Out look Temperatures will aver age near or a few degrees be low normal Normal high 84 to 86 Normal low 60 to 63 Slight warming Wednesday and again Friday or Saturday Rainfall will be light averaging one half inch as showers around the weekend Minnesota Cloudy Tuesday night with light showers north portion Warmer south Wednesday part ly cloudy and cooler with light showeri northeast and extreme southwest Low Tuesday night 4854 north 5458 south High Wednesday 6570 north 7278 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Tuesday Maximum 75 Minimum 45 At 8 a m 62 TEAR AGO Maximum 85 Minimum 65 V fr3vj x v t A REPORTED SOUTH KOREAN DRIVE AGAINST INVADERSSouth KoreS lorces mounting a counteroffensive againstthe coitmmnist the north Tuesdaywere reported to have pushed back the NorthKoreans to a line running approximately below Kaesong and Munsan on the west to Tong Du Chan and PochoS on the east Reports indicate that the important town of Uijongbu 12 miles north of beou the capital has been recaptured The South Korean government remains in beoul CONTRASTS IN THREATENED SOUTH KOREAN CAPITALHere are Seoul capital of the South Korean republic which was endangered Tuesday bv a communist North Korean armored column At top is the lily pond in the grounds of the Duk Soo palace In background is the Anglican church of Seoul At bottom shorj pers crowd the Bun Chueng main shopping center of the city Lions Elect officers of the Kanawha Lions club are Presi dent Fred Knudsen first vice president Albert Cooper 2nd vice t vfe president DL 3rd vice president Arie Williamson tail twister John May lion tamer James Aukerman secretary Henry Johnson assistant secretary Ern est Nelson EXTEND DRAFT Washington conferees Thursday voted a 1 year extension ot the presidents existing power to draft young men President Decides on Major Bombing Help as North Korea Forces Repulsed From Seoul Sea Air Forces Sent Into Action By DONALD J GONZALES Washington UR President Truman Tuesday committed U S air and seaforces to the defense of South Korea and Formosa At the same time he ordered a faster buildup of anticommunist military strength in the Philip pines and IndoChina He said he did so because the red invasion of South Korea proves that communist aggressors have progressed from mere subversion to armed invasion and war The presidents orders at present commit only U S warplanes and ships and the men who man them No Land Troops Committed Defense Secretary Louis John son said no landtroops are com mitted He added that there will be no mobilization of U S forces in this the moment In the Far East are 509 planes of the U S air force including 30 B29 bombers the 7th fleet of ships headed by the 27000ton aircraft carrier Valley Forge and naval units including a lighter cruiser and 4 destroyers under Gen Douglas MacArthurs Japa nese command Orders to Mac Arthur to start giving U S air and sea support to South Korea went out short ly before last midnight an army spokesman said Thevspokesman said that the orders gave MacArthur a general mission directive and left it up to him to decide details The 7th fleet was placed under Mac Arthurs control The army spokesman said that it was not contemplated to send either U S army troops or mar ines into Korea to fight on the ground He said that the U S warplanes used in supporting the South Koreans would be flown by American pilots Navy Wont Say The navy so far would not say where units of its 7th fleet were when the orders were received to support South Korea The army spokesman asked whether any mention or considera tion had been given to possible use of the atpmic bomb answered I dont know But observers strongly doubted the United States would consider using its Sunday punch in Korea or the other fronts under present conditions In ordering defense of Formosa where Chiang Kaisheks nation alists are holding out against the communist conquerors of China Mr Truman also ordered the na tionalists to cease all attack on the mainland He said the 7th fleet will see that they obey Report 4 North Korean Planes Are Bagged By EARNEST HOBERECHT Tokyo headquar ters announced Tuesday night that American fighters shot down 4 North Korean planes over the Seoul area where a South Korean counterpffensive hurled the com munist invaders back from the gates of the capital The announcement of aerial fighting over Korea by U S fighters followed a report by ref ugees from South Korea that they SLATED AS KOREAN DE FENSE COMMANDER A General Church named in a Seoul broadcast early Tuesday saying an American general had been named South Korean de fense commaander may be Brig Gen John H Church above who is listed as commander of the Ryukyu Okinawa military government The broadcast quoted President Syngman Rhee as making the announcement saw at least 6 North Korean Yak and other soviettype fighters crash during allday clashes with the Americans A communique from Gen Doug las MacArthurs headquarters said the dogfights over the Kimpo air port outside Seoul took place while American fighters were giv ing protective air coverage for the evacuation of U S citizens Temporary Save A sudden dramatic turn in the 3dayold civil war saved the capital of South Korea at least temporarily from the communist invasion forces which had thrust a spearhead into the city itself A Seoul dispatch said the South Koreans were pushing the com munists back all along the front across the narrow waist of the Korean peninsula But cautious observers warned that on the basis of reports of North Korean superiority in armament the tide of war could turn again as readily as it had more than once MacArthurs headquarters an nounced that the American em bassy and the U S military ad visory group staffs had not left Seoul for the south Reports to that effect appear to have been Be on Guard for ABomb Experts Warn Symington Tells of Civil Defense Planning Need Washington ex perts pointed Tuesday to the sud den attack on South Korea as a warning that the United States must always be on guard againsi a surprise atomic assault Recalling that the Japanese in flicted a serious blow to U S armed strength at Pearl Harbort they said the nation might never recover from a similar attack in this atomic age W Stuart Symington chairman of the national security resources board emphasized the need of civil defense planning Monday night In a speech before the an nual convention of the American Red Cross He told delegates that for the first time in history a foreign government has the capacity to attack all of Americas home soil tonight Behind the iron curtain there has been an atomic explosion he said Behind that curtain is the air equipment capableof deliver ing a surprise atomic attack against any part of the United States We have no adequate defense against such an attack unfounded an official statement said Cancel Flight A dispatch from Seoul report ed that the government of Pres ident Syngman Rhee had can celled plans to flee Seoul The decision to flee had been made some 24 hours earlier while the communist vanguard was pound ing into the suburbs of Seoul MacArthur reported later that communist tanks had entered the city Rhees American adviser Har old Lady said Tuesday night that it was not too late to save South Korea if sufficient aid arrived He came to Tokyo at Rhees re quest to ask MacArthur for planes ammunition and other waf material South Korea must have it quickly or its fall is only a matter of time Lady said DIES OF INJURIES Marshall town Adams 63 Montour died early Tuesday at a Marshalltown hos pital of injuries incurred when he was struck by a car Saturday at Montour Howard Peet Boone driver of the car which hit him was not held Truman Orders U S Planes Warships to Drive Out Reds Directs Firm Pacific Policy TT Washington Truman Tuesday ordered United States planes and warships to the aid of South Korean forcesHe laid down a policyof standing firm against com munist aggression in the far Pacific broader Policy Mr Truman directed that the U S 7th fleet prepared to intervene to pre vent any communist attack on Formosa the island refuge of th Chinese nationalist government At the sametime he asked tha Chiang Kai shek head of the Chinese nationalists cease attack on the mainland as a contribution toward the pacification of the whole area He also announced he is step ping up aid to the Philippine and IndoChina Mr Truman announced his ac tions in a statement which de clared The attack uponKorea make it plain beyond all doubt tha communism has passed beyond th use of subversion to conquer in dependent nations and will nov use armed invasion and war Historic Decision It was learned that Mr Tru mans historic decisions were reached at a high policy meetin at the white house Monday nighl Before announcing them in a statement Tuesday he called both democratic and republican con gressional leaders to the whit house to review them and explain the background The United States actions were taken under the United Nations resolution which condemned the communist invasion of Korea anc asked all members of the U N to lend their support to carrying ou the U N declaration for a halt to the fighting The riext big question is wha will be Russias reaction The hope of American officials is that the Soviets will refrain from any direct aid to the North Korean forces and permit the fighting there to be ended Even before Mr Trumans an nouncement that he was sending air cover to the South Koreans there had been reports from in formed Tokyo sources that Amer ican bombers would hit towns held by the communists south of the 38th parallel the dividing line between South and North Korea In their invasion the commu nists have used small amphibious forces to land troops behind the lines of the South Koreans This is one tactic which superior American forces could quickly stop Church Mentioned Seoul broadcasts said an American general apparently Brig Gen John H Church mili tary government commander at Tyukus would take command of the joint defense op eration The presidents state ment made no reference to this Mr Trumans statement said I know that all members of the United Nations will consider carefully the consequences of this latest aggression in Korea in de fiance of the charter of the United Nations A return to the rule of force in international affairs would have far reaching effects The United States will continue to uphold the rule of law Along with the speed up in arms aid to the Philippines and Indo chma Mr Truman announced that an American military mis sion will be sent to the forces of France and the associated states in Indochina to provide close working relations The statement of policy was landed to reporters by Presiden tial Secretary Charles G Ross while the president was still con ierring with congressional de ense diplomatic and military eaders Silent and Solemn When the white house confer ence broke up after nearly 45 minutes m o s t of the congress members were silent and solemn Senator Bridges of New Hamp hire a frequent republican critic of the administration foreign pol cy told reporters I only want to say I approve completely everything thats been done Bridges asked in a senate speech Monday that the administration draw a line in the Pacific and say to the communists that they must not cross it In effect Mr Trumans pronouncement does that Bridges said We stepped into the breach in Korea Indochina and the Philippines Thats our job to protect Senate Democrati Leader Lu cas told reporters It seems to me were following the correct course in view of the aggressive attitude on the part of the North Koreans US Wants Others to Join Armed Support By JACK BELL Washington Senator Lucas of Illinois the democratic leader said T u es d a y negotiations are under way ttf get other nations to support of South Korean forces Lucas made this statement to the senate after congressional leaders of both parties1 swung quickly behind President i Tru mans action in drawing a line against communist advances in the far Pacific and ordering sup port of the South Koreans While Mr Truman made no mention of concerted action with other noncommunist nations Lucas said negotiations to that end were under way GOP Supports President Senator Millikin of Colorado chairman of the conference of all republican senators which agreed Monday the United States must not allow the Korea fighting to involve it in war supported the presidents move The conference took its action because there was no line drawn in the Pacific Millikin said It has urged that such a line be drawn Once having drawn the line there is no alternative but to support it with all necessary means Senator Knowland who has criticized what he termed confused administration policies in the far east said Tuesday The president should have the support of all Americans in this policy i It is obvious that if the free world is to defend itself against aggressive communism it must take a stand on a definite line in the orient Republicans and democrats alike said they hoped the congress and the American people would stand behind the presidents decision All the differences that had di vided political parties seemed to have dissolved Hopes Others Join Senator Hickenlooper a member of the senate foreign relations committee said the United States has a great respon sibility to protect the people of South Korea from aggression and he hoped other nations would join with the United States Senator Wherry of Nebraska the GOP senate floor leader told reporters he wants to know more about what is involved before he fully indorses the presidents move It looks as though the adminis tration is stopping its vaccillating policy in the orient he said It will be much more difficult to stop communism there now than t would have been if a line had been drawn several months ago SAME BUek UK
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