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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1950, Mason City, Iowa r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER CDITCD FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPERTHAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires HOME EDITION umif Five Cents a Copy Chinese Reds Recognized by Great Britain British Break Off Relations With Nationalist Government London Britain extended full diplomatic recognition Friday to the Chinese communist government The first major western power to recognize Mao Tze Tung s red regime as Chinas legal government Britain sev ered relations with Kaisheks hard pressed na MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 6 1950 Tnis Paper Consists ot Two One No tionalist administration The nationalists promptly re plied from Chiangs Formosa head quarters with a note breaking off diplomatic relations with Britain Other western European powers were expected to follow quickly Britains lead The Chinese nationalist ambas sador in London Dr Cheng Tien Hsi Friday termed the British ac tion equivalent to whilst we are still burying us very much alive History he said will say that China has received a knockr out blow not from her foes but from her friends and former al lies 4th Nation Britain was the 4th noncom munist nation to recognize the Feiping government India and Pakistan both mmebers of the British commonwealth Burma as well as Yugoslavia Soviet Russia and the soviet satellites previously had taken the recognition action The longanticipated move tak en primarily in an effort to pro tect Britains billiondollar invest ment in China brought a split in AngloAmerican foreign policy cooperation U S Secretary of State Dean Acheson said in Wash ington Thursday the question of American recognition of the Chi nese communists was premature The announcement by tlie for eign office said British recognition is on a de jure basis Thatis Britain accepts the peoping peo ples republic as the government of China inlaw as well as in fact Reds Advised The British foreign office said it had formally advised communist Chinas minister of foreign affairs Chou EnLai of its desire to es tablish diplomatic relations The foreign office announce ment said a note handed Chou En Lai by the British consulgeneral in Peiping offered to exchange diplomatic representatives with the Peiping government British Foreign Undersecretary Christopher P Mayhew Thursday night reiterated the oftenex pressed British view that recogni tion of communist China would not mean approval of the regime Calling for Inquiry Into Lewis Power Washington Law rence H Smith R Wis Friday called for a congressional investi gation of John L Lewis strangle hold on the national economy Smith said the United Mine Workers chief should be the first vitness He said the crisis in coal nder the dictatorship of John L ewis calls for action by con ress in view of the presidents efusal to act Right now John L Lewis is more powerful than the govern ment of the United States Smith aid Mr Truman says there is 10 emergency Can this be true vhen the government orders a nethird slash in service on coal iiirning railroads Smith said Lewis is exercising monopolistic control over coal upplies and that his action in jutting the soft coal miners on a day work week Amounts to a riminal offense against the pub ic interest New Housing Bill Introduced in Congress Washington resident Trumans new housing bill intended to encour age construction of thousands of homes for middle income families was introduced in both houses of congress Friday Rep Spence DKy and Sen ator Maybank DS Car chair man of the 2 banking committees offered the measure Sponsors said the legislation in volves no direct federal loans but seeks to facilitate building of homes by government guaran tees of loans made by private lending institutions Coopera tives and nonprofit groups would do the building Spence issued a statement say Ing the bill to be known as the cooperative housing act would provide a means whereby hous ing of sound standards of design construction livability and size for adequate family life in well planned integrated residential neighborhoods can be produced and made available for families of moderate income He said the new program would encourage investment of private capital on a longterm basis and at a low rate of interest in hous ing projects undertaken by co operatives thus eliminating the necessity for direct federal loans He described the plan as an adaption of the type of guarantee which has been so successfully used in t h e mortgage insurance system by the federal housing ad ministration 5 Children Are Burned to Death Miasoula Mont chil dren all members of the same family were burned to death Fri day in a fire which destroyed their home Three other young fters suffered critical burns and were taken to a hospital All of the dead were the chil dren of Mr and Mrs Leo Nolenda Who had 12 youngsters in all Two of the 3 in hospitals here were also Nolenda children Th Ird was an unidentified boy wh was staying with the family Thursday night Coal Firms Sue UMW for Million Columbus Ohio coal nining companies Friday filed eparate suits asking about 00000 damages from John L ewis other top United Mine Worker union leaders and the un on treasury They based their actions on UMW strikes and the current 3 day work week The same companies filed com panion suits against members of he union asking court injunc ions barring them from abiding by Lewis 3day work week Five of the damage actions and injunction petitions were filed n common pleas court in Guern ey county Cambbridge and 3 damage and 3 injunction suits vere filed in Franklin county Co Filing the suits in Cambridge vere the Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal company the Warner Coller es company the Y and O Coal company the Jefferson Coal com pany and the Cadiz Mining com any all of eastern Ohio Filing in Columbus were the Jew York Coal company the Lo rain Coal and Dock company and he Powhatan Mining company all Hocking Valley operations The firms asked damages on the jasis of tonnage lost by various trikes and work stoppages They estimated the 1949 loss at more ban 7000000 tons Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy to cloudy Friday night and Satur day Low Friday night 10 high Saturday 25 to 35 Turning colder late Saturday Iowa Partly cloudy and a little warmer Friday night Saturday mostly cloudy turning colder northwest half Low Friday night 1020 Iowa 5day weather outlook Temperatures will average 2 to 3 degrees above the seasonal normal Normal high 30 nor mal low 11 Turning colder late Saturday Minor daytoday changes thererfter Precipitation will average 4 inch moisture from snow about Sunday and Tuesday Minnesota Partly cloudy and warmer south cloudy with some light snow north Friday night and Saturday Low Friday night 5 to 10 below extreme north to 5 to 10 above extreme south High Saturday 5 above extreme north to near 25 ex treme south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Friday Maximum 9 Minimum 13 At 8 a m 9 BLAZES AGAIN Trinity Lutheran church at 508 Pennsylvania S E was gutted by fire believed caused by a defective furnace Thursday evening The build ing badly damaged by fire almost a year ago was a mass of flames when firemen started to work on it Firemen are seen below after they were forced to flee from the building as the roof caved in All available rigs in the city were forced into service as water was poured on the burning structure for more than an hour and a half Czechs Oust 4 Foreign News Writers Prague Czechoslovakia The communist government Fri day expelled Richard Kasischke chief of the Associated Press bu reau here and 3 other correspond ents representing hews organiza tions in the United Slates Britain and France The expulsion order cut in half the already reduced staffs of for eign correspondents covering Czechoslovakia for the noncom rnunist world The Associated Press bureau will be in charge of Nate Polowetzky like Kasischke an American Besides Kasischke those ex pelled by Fridays order are Rob Roy Buckingham United Press correspondent Miss Amber Bou s o u g 1 o u correspondent of the French Press Agency and Eric Bourne of the Kemsley news papers of Great Britain Trinity Church Is Hit by Fire for 2nd Time YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 23 9 John Maragon Makes Plea of Innocent Washington Mara gon fasttalking former member of the inner white house circle Friday pleaded innocent to charges that he lied under oath during the senates 5 percenter investiga tion A slip of the tongue nearly re sulted in a plea of guilty when lie was called before Federal Judge F Dickinson Letts on the 4count perjury indictment The court clerk asked how he pleaded and Maragon replied in a firm voice Guilty He laughed nervously and stam mered a correction I mean not guilty Letts gave Maragon 10 days in which to file special pleadings and set the trial date for Feb 20 Maragon said he was confident he would be vindicated when his case reached a jury He is free on bail The indictment handed down Tuesday accused Maragon of ly ing 4 times to the senate investi gators about his bank accounts and business activities Conviction on all 4 counts could send him to fedcraj prison lor 40 years Fire has struck twice in the same place Just a little less than one year from the time the first one hit another gutted old Trin ity Lutheran church the 56year old frame structure at 508 Penn sylvania S E Thursday evening leaving little but the walls stand ing above the basement level The roof of the building gave way at 7 p m 36 minutes after firemen answered the call The interior of the main floor was badly charred except for the of fice space in the rear Church records were carried to safety Caused by Defective Furnace Chief James Kelley said a de fective furnace was the apparent cause of the outbreak The flames shot up the walls of the chimney and mushroomed quickly across the roof shooting fire out all sides of the building A pedestrian discovered smoke coming from the walls and turned in the alarm from the home of Ray Kellar church janitor who lives in the churchowned home next door But the building was lit up with a mass of flames when firemen started to work on it The general area of origin was close to the point where fire last Jan 22 blamed on defective wir ing started That conflagration caused damage and was the worst in the city for the year The church had since been com pletely rewired and repaired The church congregations hopes to soon be in its new building at 2nd and Pennsylvania N E How ever Sunday school and all church organization meetings have been held in the old church except the morning worship serv ices which are at the Palace theater Was Being Sold The church property including the home on the corner was in the process of being sold to the Mason City Trades and Labor Assembly for use as its headquarters and meeting place The labor assembly had already made some payments on the purchase The price of the transaction was reported as 000 The church secretary Lois Westwood had left the building less than a half hour before the fire was discovered and a ladies aid meeting had been held earlier in the afternoon The furnace had last been fired at 1 p m Confirmation classes and the junior choir of the Trinity church will meet at the regular hours Saturday at the YMCA Pastor Rogness announced Sunday school will be suspended until further notice Swear In New Greek Cabinet Athens new Greek cab inet under Premier John Theoto kis was sworn in Friday ending a government crisis Theotokis a former populist royalist who now is an inde pendent was assigned the task of forming a government by King Paul after the coalition govern ment of Alexander Diomedes re signed in a dispute between the populists and liberals over the timing of the 1950 parliamentary elections Theotokis speaker of parlia ment had been given authority to form a cabinet which will have he power to dissolve parliament and proclaim a general election Kearney to Join House Spy Unit Washington Bernard W Kearney RN Y formei commander of the Veterans of Foreign Wars Friday was chosen as a member of the house un American activities committee He would replace former Rep J Parnell Thomas RN J who resigned from congress after be ing sentenced to prison for pad ding his office payroll and accept ing salary kickbacks Rep Richard M Nixon RCal who moves up to take over Thom as spot as ranking minority mem ber on the unAmericar activities committee said meantime that he expects the group to reopen its investigation into wartime atomic shipments to Russia in 3 or t weeks Truman to Speak at Missouri University Washington resident Truman Friday accepted an in vitation to make the commence ment address at the University of Missouri at Columbia Mo on June 9 On that occasion he will receive an honorary degree of doctor o laws Truman in Call for Jobs for 61 Million Flood Peril Is Mounting in 2 States 3 Persons Drowned Highways Blocked in Illinois and Indiana By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Flood perils appeared mounting in Indiana and Illinois and a se vere ice storm struck damaging blows in Memphis Friday Bitter cold weather which had chilled most of the midwest this week moderated but more freez ing weather threatened additional damage to California citrus and vegetable crops Mild weather continued in the southeastern states and northward to the mid dle Atlantic region Hundreds remained homeless in the flooded areas At least 3 per sons drowned in Missouri and Illi nois Swollen rivers swept over widely separated areas in Illinois and Indiana Some flood condi tions also were reported in parts of Missouri and Kentucky Freezing Rain A wide band of freezing rain and sleet impeded highway travel from northern Ohio and north west Pennsylvania southwestward across most of Indiana and south ern Illinois into southeast Mis souri and Arkansas Rain fell in eastern Texas and the Tennessee valley The worst ice storm in 17 years curtailed ail public utilities in cluding transportation in Mem phis No immediate relief was in sight All schools were closed until Monday City bus transportation service was cut 50 per cent of normal as hours of sleet add rain turned to ice and nearly the Mississippi river city of 350 000 Thousands of Memphis homes were without electricity and many without heat Some 6000 tele phones were out of service Busi ness places were asked to close early Friday to enable workers to get home before darkness Sub freezing temperatures and snow flurries were predicted Roads Blocked Rain again fell over many parts of the flooded sections of Illinois and Indiana Friday Highways were blocked in many places and rail arid highway travel was dis rupted No immediate relief from the cold was in sight for southern California Temperatures of 24 above were reported in some in land points Friday but generally the readings were not as low as Thursday Kidnap Man Who Found UAW Bomb Detroit IP The watchman who found a dynamite charge planted last month at the CIO United Auto Workers headquar ters was abducted early Friday and dumped alive beside the River Rouge He was found Friday morning trussed up and suffering from ex posure The watchman William Thomas 58 told police 2 men grabbed him at 5 a m and drove away with him in a car Doctors at Wayne county hos pital said he was temporarily in serious condition Thomas said he was walking on a downtown street when he was seized The abductors tied his hands and feet and placed a loop of rope around his neck he said Thomas was night watchman al the UAWs 3story internationa headquarters here the night of last Dec 20 when unknown plot ters placed 39 sticks of dynamite outside the building The charge did not explode He stopped the dynamite in a littleused stair well leading to the basement Police believe the dynamite at tempt was part of a plot against the UAW connected with the shooting of Walter and Victor Reuther Only a few hours before the ab duction Thomas submitted to a lie detector test at Detroit police headquarters After the test Chief of Detectives Jack Harvill said he was convinced Thomas was Je ing the truth about how he found the dynamite First 100 Years Hardest Lincoln Nebr A Sweet applied for papers author izing a notary public commission for another 6 years This one will last me till Im 100 he said Sweet 94 has been a notary for more than 65 years ISAIAH BOWMAN Geographer Bowman Dies in Hospital Baltimore Isaiah Bow man president emeritus of Johns Hopkins university and one of the worlds foremost geographers died at Johns Hopkins hospital Friday morning He was 71 on Dec 26 Dr Bowman retired as president of Johns Hopkins university Jan 1 1949 He died at a m at Johns Hopkins hospital of a heart attack He was stricken at his home late Thursday afternoon and taken to the hospital about midnight Dr Bowman was a close ad viser to President Wilson when the World war I president advanced his league of nations plan The famed educator gave similar help to President Roosevelt throughout World war II and the preliminary work on the United GOP Shies Away From Oleo Rider Washington fi Republicans shied awayFriday from party sup port of a move to attach an excise tax repealer to the oleomargarine repeal bill Chairman Taft ROhio said the senate republican policy com mittee decided at a meeting Friday to leave the way open for individ ual GOP members to support or oppose the excise tax move Taft said he himself would vote for an amendment which would cut wartime excises on transporta tion communications furs and other items back to 1942 levels Such an amendment had been filed by Senator Edwin C John son Senator Butler RNebr also said he will try to write some ex cise cuts into the housepassed oleomargarine bill Senator Gillette DIowa said Thursday an army of federal snoopers might be set loose if the senate passes a houseapproved bill repealing the oleo tax Gil lette said the snoopers would spy on restaurants to see whether they are complying with the law He said the law would require that notices be posted in public places where margarine is served Brakeman Run Over by Railroad Car Clinton 28yearold rail road brakeman who was working as a temporary switchman Thurs day night lost his life when he was run over by the railroad car he was helping to move Wayne Sanders of Clinton was killed instantly in the accident which occurred while the crew was pushing a number of cars on to a warehouse track at the plant of Clinton Foods Inc Howard Little the Chicago and North Western switch crew fore man said he saw Sanders step in front of the moving cars He said he tried to flag the engineer of the diesel switch engine to stop but a tank car and part of a car passed over Sanders body SAME flag memni IrmffU U put fi President in Report on Economy Says Nation Emerges Strong Stable From Its Postwar Crisis By STERLING F GREEN Washington Tru man declared Friday the United States can offer its people 61 mil lion jobs this year 64 million in 5 years and in the end the com plete elimination of poverty In a sober yet optimistic annual economic message Mr Truman told congress the nations economy has emerged strong and stable and with reborn confidence from its postwar crisis The way lies open he said for a rise in national income equal to a year for every family by 1954 His startling state ment seemed to mean an average American family income above 4 years hence Mr Truman called on business labor and well as the rise to the mag nificent challenge ahead A steady growth of income employ ment and production to hitherto unknown leyels The president added 2 points to his legislative wantlist Standby powers to control credit and more liberal loan terms for little busi ness He again asked a moder ate tax increase Turning Point But he proclaimed this turning point in national policy some outstand ing exceptions are generally close to the level where they should stay The basic economic problem facing thecountry now is not As for wages the administra tion hopes to keep hands off These adjustments Mr Truman said are now in the hands of management and labor That is where they should remain The economic message read to both houses of congress by clerks was the 2nd of a tfcio of early session reports submitted to the lawmakers by the president The first on Wednesday was the state of the union message On Monday he sends congress the final one outlining his budget proposals for the 12 nsonths start ing next July I MoraleBuilder In the economic message the presidentseemed to have penned a potent moralebuilder for busi ness He gave credit to industry labor and agriculture for the judgment and restraint which he said helped pull the country through the 1949 recession The lofty goals ahead he pre dicted can be achieved if the same groups pull together and if government hews to wise policies the policies he blue printed in Fridays message and Wednesdays state of the union address The budget will be balanced he said at the earliest date consis tent with the welfare of the coun try Progress will be helped by improved business conditions and the fact that federal expendi tures should decline somevvhafc over the nexfcfew years In the long run the govern ments fiscal position depends up on the health of the national econ omy It will not be promoted by drastic slashes in expenditures which are essential to economic growth and to continued peace Neither will it be promoted by tax increases so drastic as to sti fle business activity Expansion Needed Again and again the president hammered at a single theme the need for business expansion to absorb a constantly growing la bor force in wellpaid jobs Almost as often he stressed a major hazard to slackening already perceptible in business investment If it should continue Mr Truman said our prospects for full recovery and continued expansion would be seriously endangered The 17 page message wss backed by an economic review exactly 10 times as long by the presidents council of economic advisers The review made clear the sur prising nature of Mr Trumans forecast of a per family rise in national income Deep in the councils statistical data was a table hitherto unpub lished which showed that the av erage family income had reached in 1948 a 59 per cent in crease since 193536 Adding to that by 1954 would bring the average family income well over the in coiiiu mark by which Americans used to judge a successful man Ruins of Eridu in Iraq are be lieved to be those of the worlds oldest city i
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