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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 12, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION Associated Pren nd United Press Full Lease Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES A L L N O R T H 1 OWANS NEIGHBORS One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor How Deep Con a Nation Go Into Debt A GOOD many people who dont normally classify as alarmists are watching our federal govern ments financial operations with deep concern I am one of them Most of us in our personal lives or in our contacts with business have made the discovery that if over an extended period our in come is less than our outgo we broke A question which arises in this connection is this Does this rule not apply to gov ernment And thats what Id like to visit about with you in this commen tary Its Become a Habit In 16 of the last 19 years our federal government by long odds the biggest business operation in the world or in history has spent more than it took in According to the most optimistic the administra tion government is go ing to find itself billion in the red at the end of the present fiscal year next July Those not so optimistic includ ing Virginias Senator Harry F Byrd predict that the deficit will be in excess of billion and probably in the neighborhood of billion And When Times Are Good What that means of course is that the national debt which now approximates billion will be sent up past the billion mark And all of this is happening at a time when economic conditions are very much on the lush side What happens if times get bad The 3 years in which the fed eral treasury had surpluses to ap ply on the national debt have all been since the war This was in a period of booming business and before congress was able to elim inate the wartime tax rates which had poured money into the fed eral treasury Some Trick Bookkeeping In one of those years 194849 the surplus was more apparent than real Actually it was achieved through a bit of bookkeepingad justment Otherwise the record would have been 17 deficit years out of 19 The last congress republican dominated lowered income tax rates over the objection of the president Hewanted the wartime rates kept in effect so that there could be an extension of thegov ernments welfare services Against this view the republi can congress took the position that the tax rate was oppressively high so high that it was stifling the nations business economy Lower taxes and reduced govern mentspending were asked Half Right Half Wrong From my own point of view each party to the controversy was half right and half wrong In my judgment the tax rates should have been held to their wartime level and government spending should have been cut at the same time This course would have meant a substantial reduction of the national debt In the first session of the 81st congress democratic dominated there have been 2 welldefined schools of thought on the question of taxation and spending The president and administra tionminded representatives and senators have contended for higher taxes not for the purpose of re ducing the debt but so that there would be more money for more government services Opposed by a Merger This policy has been opposed and with considerable effective ness by an amalgamation of re publican congressmen and what might be called oldline demo crats as distinguished from new dealers or fair dealers As that first session of congress came to a close the program for more spending had advanced pretty well along but there was no disposition to boost federal in come taxes Deficit government is inevitable under such conditions It can be predicted with rea lonable certainty that federal fi nances will be a subject of lively controversy during the coming session of congress and in the con gressional election campaigns next year No Election Year Courage Only the starryeyed optimist however will hope for a conver sion of government deficits into government surpluses in the near future An election year isnt a propitious time for either raising tax rates or reducing the govern ment services which make higher tax rates necessary In the world scene too the cold war is still in progress The Mar shall plan has years to go and realistic persons dont expect it to be cut off precipitately in 1952 Its Hard to Be Serene Add all of this to our inevitable commitments under the North At lantic pact plans in the making for Asiatic rehabilitation and the administrations insistent demands for vast socialwelfare schemes at home and its pretty hard to view CONTINUED ON PAGE Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 12 1949 PRINCIPALS IN SLAYINGMargaret Jacksonflur lington and Robert Bednasek 24 Cedar Rapids are shown together at a formal dance last May Bednasek a State University of Iowa student has been charged with firstdegree murder in the slaying of Miss Jackson early bunday morning Miss Jackson also was an SUI student Obtain Statement From Bednasek on Coeds Death Iowa City Attor ney Jack C White Monday re leased a signed statement which he said was taken from Robert Emil Bednasek who is charged with the strangulation death of Margeret Anne Jackson 20 of Burlington The statement Margaret and I took the cab to 411 East Washington street and went upstairs to a room which is occupied by fellows whom I know as Johnnie and also Way They were not at home when we got there In the room is a bunk bed and there was also a record player there I poured out a drink for us figuring on having a night cap and Margaret and I danced to the record player I kissed her a few times We did not have in tercourse on this occasion Playful Manner While Margaret and I were standing in about the middle of the room she had her hand on my throat in a playful manner but I told her it was too high up on the neck to choke a person I showed her the proper place on thethroat to choke a person The next thing I remember A I was Margaret lying on the floor and she was not breathing I talked to her and slapped her face to try to revive her but was un able to Then I tried to pick her up but I could not lift her so I pulled her over to the bunk bed and laid her on the lower bunk and again tried to bring her to by using artificial respiration When I couldnt bring her to I became frightened and I ran from the room and headed for the Iowa City fire station At another point in the state ment Bednasek was quoted as saying While Margaret and I were having dinner no one other than the 2 of us was in the room and the same was true as regards the room After Margaret and I had returned from the dance This was true until I attempted to summon aid for Margaret and went to the police station At least I did not see anyone in the room 2 Paffes The entire statement which covered 2 pages of legal sized typewritten paper narrated in greater detail the young mans story of the Iowa coeds death at the Empty Arms rooming house Earlier Monday the coroner dis closed that Miss Jackson was strangled with such force bones in her neck were broken Robert Emil Bednasek 24 was to be arraigned at p m CST Monday on the charge Dr George D Callahan John son county coroner said after an autopsy that death was murder caused by strangulation In his jail cell Sunday night Bednasek denied to newsmen that he murdered the girl Pacing nervously he said She was com pletely in love with me and I with her I did not murder her I have never been capable of murder Denies Love Affair The girls father William E Jackson an attorney and member of the Iowa parole board denied his daughter was in love wtih Bednasek He said the girl was involved in a onesided ro mance with Bednasek Miss Jacksons Kappa Alpha Theta sorority sisters said she had been pinned engaged to Bed nasek last spring but sent his fraternity pin back to him last summer Since school started this fall they had been dating often but were not going steady the sorority girls said The girl had invited another man to her soror ity dance Friday night However Mrs Olga Bednasek said at Cedar Rapids her son and Miss Jdckson planned to be mar ried in about 4 years after Bed nasek completed graduate work in psychology The registrars office at Iowa State college said Bednasek was in school there in the fall of 1943 but left at the end of the fall quar ter He returned to Iowa State for the summer session in 1946 and stayed until June 1947 Fight Attempt to Bind Elefson to Grand Jury Sidney states attempt to bind Lyman H Elefson22 to the grand jury on charges of fa tally poisoning his grandfather was being resisted Monday by lawyers for the youth Young Elefson pleaded innocent to the murder charge County Attorney Harold L Martin called a series of witnesses in his move to link the Tabor Iowa youth with the suspected poison slaying of his maternal grandparents and his mother Young Elefson who has been described by authorities as a left wing intellectual sat quietly with his lawyers at the preliminary hearing before Justice of Peace G T DeFreece He was not hand cuffed The hearing was being held in the courthouse and appeared like ly to continue through the after noon Walter Reeves Tabor undertak er told of exhuming the bodies of Alonzo Rhode 75 and his wife Lucy Ann Rhode 72 on order of authorities Sheriff A C Christopher told of arresting young Elefson last Nov 30 for investigation on the deaths The murder information against the boy was filed by his uncleWayne Rhode Dean Emeritus Wilbur Teeters Iowa City toxicologist was among the witnesses scheduled to be called Monday Weatker Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and cold Monday night Partly cloudy with slowly rising temperatures Tuesday Low Monday night 5 below High Tuesday 20 to 25 Iowa Cold wave Fair and quite cold Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy not so cold ex treme west Low Monday night 5 to 10 below north to 5 above south Minnesota Clearing Monday night with low temperatures ranging 10 to 20 below north and 5 to 10 below south Tuesday partly cloudy and not so cold south west High Tuesday zero to 5 below north and 5 to 10 above south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 54 Minimum 3 At 8 a m 8 Snow trace Precipitation 08 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 23 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 52 Minimum 28 At 8 a m 49 Precipitation 45 Ward and 19 Others Board Rescue Ship Declares He Had Hellish Treatment in Hands of Reds Aboard Lakeland Victory Off Tientsin Consul General Angus Ward and his 19member party boarded this evacuation ship Monday and declared he had suf fered hellish treatment at the hands of Chinese communists The United States official who was caught at his consulate by the fall of Mukden to Chinese reds more than a year ago declared his fmal freedom made him feel just as one would after St Peter lets you in It was the first time in 13 months Ward had been able to move without an armed escort And 28 days of that time he was m a Chinese communist jail in solitary confinement in Mukden On 24 of those days he was kept in unheated or underheated quarters m freezing temperatures He lost 25 pounds His jail menu was 6 slices of bread daily and hot water Thats not a very strengthen ing or fattening diet he quipped Free After Year For all members of the party including Mrs Ward several wo men and some children it was the first time they had not been under red surveillance since Nov 20 1948 On that date the reds closed the consulate and clamped such secrecy on their movements and fate that even the U S state de partment knew virtually nothing about them Even their final departure un der red deportation orders on phoney charges was delayed by red tape For some time Monday only Ward was permitted to board this ship Before they would permit the other 19 to come up the gangway the communists demanded the consul general sign a statement that they boarded safely and without molestation Ward balked He said he wouldnt sign until all members of his party were brought on to the ship But they were held on the tug on which they had been brought from Tientsin Ward Signs Finally Ward signed and all 19 came aboard Capt Paul Sexton of the Lake land also was forced to sign a statement for the reds In it he assumed full responsibility for the entire group and their be longings Of his immediate plans Ward told newsmen He will go to Kobe Japan on the Lakeland In Tokyo Monday the Far East Lines agent C W Evans said the ship tentatively is due to leave Taku Bar Tuesday It is due at Kobe Friday Presumably ths Ward group will spend Christmas in Tokyo He is expected to confer there with General MacArthur To Give Report On Jan 3 Ward will board the President Wilson for San Francis co Hell continue to Washington to report to the state department Chatting with newsmen Ward declared flatly that his indictment and for red ex pulsion of his a trav esty He was charged with beating a Chinese employe Four aides were convicted of similar charges A red radio broadcast said all 5 confessed Ward didnt even know on what charge he was jailed until a poor English translation of an indict ment was read in court No one ever got a confession out of me Ward declared No Chinese employe was beat en despite the fact the prosecution produced 15 eyewitnesses Second Victim of Crash Dies crash between an au tomobile and a school bus east of here Friday night claimed a 2nd victim early Monday in the death of Neil Rima 17 in a hospital at Decorah He was a son of Mr and Mrs Harold Rima of Postville Also killed as a result of the crash was Merlin Johnnameier 17 of Luana who died before reach ing the Decorah hospital A 3rd young man Murray Fol som 17 of Luana is still in the hospital his condition being re ported as good Monday Johannameier was driving the car in which the 3 were riding when it crashed into a Castalia Ossian school bus carrying players and students home from a basket ball game Thla Paper Consists of Two No Blizzard Tornadoes Cause Deathsof 12 Larson Drive Will Affect County Fairs Des Moines The anti gambling campaign is having its effect on county and district fairs not yet held Attorney Gen Robert L Larson said Monday I have been advised he re lated that the Iowa Fair Man agers association is asking its members to cooperate and see that amusement contracts carry provisions aimed at preventing gambling at next years fairs Asked at his news conference for comment on recent checkups on the operation of bank nights by Iowa theaters the attorney general said Those theaters which are now operating bank nights are making every effort to cooperate not only to the letter but in the spiiit of the law I have been assured of that by their legal counsel Larson said there probably would be no decision for another week on what charges to file in connection with a recent mass raid here during which nearly 80 pin ball machines were seized The decision he added would await a hearing next Monday before Jus tice of the Peace George Bidwell on condemnation of the machines seized High Court Okays Rent Control Act Washington supreme court Monday upheld the 1949 federal rent control act The 80 ruling overturned a de cision by U S District Court JudgeElwyn it Shaw in Gnicago that the act was invalid The decision xvas announced in a brief order which cited an earli er supreme court ruling in a rent control case Shaws ruling was held in abey ance pending Mondays ruling on an appeal taken directly to the supreme court by the justice de partment The department esti mated 14000000 housing accom modations remain under rent con trol Since Shaws ruling 6 other federal district courts have de clared the act constitutional Justice Douglas took no part in Mondays decision The Chicago case arose in a suit by the federal housing expediter to prevent Shoreline Cooperative Apartments Inc from evicting tenants of a cooperativelyowned apartment house PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Mr and Mrs H E Dodge From Allyn and Ail y n ol Klemme No Name Mascla Club Marshall fc Swift Iowa Policemens Assn City Unit No 18 4350 500 100 1500 200 2500 1000 SAME Black tini aietni tntlle la put hour Find Automobile Ditched in Lake Cherokee said Mon day they would question Virgil Rice 22 about the discovery of his car in the icy waters of Spring Lake south of here The car was found Sunday in 10 feet of water by high school youths who drove nearby Police sum moned a wrecker to pull the car free and checked for possible loss of life Later they iound Rice at home unhurt Rice denied ditching the car in the lake and said it had been stolen from him THE DAYS TOTAL S 5800 TOTAL TO DATE 51050 bUIW YET NEEDED S1J8850 Fund Now 2 Days Behind Time Card HRISTMAS CHEER is run ning just 2 days behind schedule at this time The goal of set for Saturday the close of the first weeks so licitation for the total needed this year w a s nt reached until Monday morning Now theres a hope that the end of this week will see at least on hand leaving for the final week Gratifying indeed are the re ports reaching the GlobeGazette office that in a large number of places employes are ganging up for collective gifts to the Cheer Fund The task is made easy if one person is sufficiently interested in the cause to take the lead in the solicitation In the past donations of this kind have accounted for approxi mately half of the total turned over each year to Family Service Inc More than half of the total listed above is thus accounted for Large or small either bring your gifts to the GlobeGazette office or mail them to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa Waterloo Hotel Is Damaged by Blaze Waterloo of unde termined origin caused damage to the Hotel Ellis and a furniture store here Sunday night Fire Chief Ray Tiller said about damage was done to the hotel and in water damage to Sprows furniture store None of the hotel guests was injured t Mercury in Iowa Soars Then Dives Des Moines tern peratures soared to recordbreak ing heights did nosedive to near zero Keokuk reported a Sunday aft ernoon high of 74 It was 68 a Ottumwa Des Moines had a 62 degree reading a record for Dec 11 But the temperatures did a fas retreat Spencer had a morning low of 3 degrees above zero low est reported to the weather bu reau here The Mason City temperature Monday morning was 8 degrees after a high reading Sunday of 5 degrees Blizzard conditions were re ported in extreme northwest Iowa for several hours Sunday night There was some snow in othei parts of the state but not as much as expected Hail storms and showers addec variety to the weather picture in some southern sections The state police radio Monday morning said highway condition were normal in all of the stat but parts of northwest Iowa Pro tected areas in the northwes were icy Government Rests in Hiss Trial New York The govern ment rested its case in the 2nd Alger Hiss perjury trial at a m CST Monday The prosecutions 35th and final witness was Mrs Hede Massing former wife of communist fugitiv Gerhart Eisler who stood by he story that Hiss was a communi underground worker when he hel high state department office be fore the war Mrs Massing formerly a Vien nese actress said under crossex amination that she believed His hadbroken with the communis party since that time Hiss is accused of lying when he denied to a federal grand that he ever gave state departmen papers to exCommunist Whit taker Chambers for transmittal to a soviet spy ring Burglars Loot Worth Marshalltown Mon day searched for a 2ndstory burglar who robbed Mrs Ella Kurth of more than in money and jewels in a weekenc robbery Mrs Kurth reported the loss to police early Sunday after she re turned home from the tea room she operates She said a plastic box containing 4 packets of each in bills and several hun dred dollars in other currency was taken Also missing was a quantity of jewelry including a 4J carai diamond ring with an estimated value of GETS 5YEAR TERM Des Moines Nelson Carney 22 of Des Moines was sentenced Saturday to not more than 5 years in the Anamosa mens reformatory He pleaded guilty to a charge of setting fire last August to a tavern and a fill ing station after burglarizing them APARTMENT WALLS DOWNSome of the walls under construction of apartments in Willowbrook addition were blown down by Sundays windstorm The WalIS Wallsthat were completely enclosed and braced Twisters Do Damage in 4 States Eastern Halfof Nation Enjoying High Temperatures By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS Rain snow sleet fog and bit ter cold bulfeted the nation Mon day The variety of severe weather conditions followed tornadoes blizzard and lightning which killed at least 12 persons over the weekend Weatherrelated causes resulted in at least 35 deaths Mondays weather map showed central and western parts of the country in the icy grip of very cold temperatures Denver had 1 below zero Bismarck N Dak zero Flagstaff Ariz 12 below and Glasgow Mont 16 below Mild weather and widespread showers moved from the midwest into the eastern 3rd of the na tion Heavy fog slowed transpor tation in New York City a 2nd successive day Snow Strong Winds Snow flurries and strong winds whistled through Minnesota Wis consin and upper Michigan tem peratures plunged in their wake Sleet and snow extended from north central Texas to southeast ern Oklahoma making traffic hazardous Snow fell in north west Pacific states turning to rain near the coast Memphis Terin had the heaviest rainfall It was soaked by 236 inches A cold front moving westward with a frost threat for California sent the mercury down to 25 above at Phoenix and 30 a at Los Angeles Mercury to Dip T The cold air down out of Canada expected to bring the temperature down to 10 to 20 below in Minnesota Monday night and toaround zero in Iowa and Wisconsin Property damagefrom the tor nadoes which lashed North Cen tral Arkansas Oklahoma Mis souri and Illinois was high kansas aloneestimated its damage might reach All the tornado dead are in Ar kansas and Missouri The twisters hammered 6 Arkansas communi ties Sunday 3 persons and injured 10 Many by taking shelter in storm cellars The communities hit were Clin ton Beedee Velvet Ridge Cross Roads Providence and Bradford Two were killed at Cross Roads 1 at Providence 6 Killed Near Poplar Bluff in southeast ern Missouri 6 persons were killed and 15 injured by a tornado which cut through 10 miles of farm area Telephone lines were knocked down and some streets flooded in Poplar Bluff by a heavy rain which followedthe twister Some farm buildingswere un roofed in Madison county in southern Illinois by another twist er but no one was Muskogee Okla a 3car garage lifted 30 feet from its foundation was the only known damage Nine year old Junia Kay Love less was killed by lightning as she stood in the doorway of a smoke louseon the familys farm near Modesto 111At Miles City Mont a98 year old retired stockman was found dead of exposure to a slizzard jvhich had swept the Rocky Mountain area Traffic Deaths Other deaths indirectlyascribed o the weekend weather were mostly from traffic accidents on cy or other slippery highways or n fog Buta campfire at Victorville al was blamed for the slide of a 70ton granite slab which crusned 4 persons to death Sunday n the Mojave desert Members of a party on an outing said the slab split off a rocky prominence as a result of heat from the fire which had been started as protection rom early morning cold
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