Thursday, September 22, 1949

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV Associated Press and United Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 22 1949 This Paper Consists ol Two HOME EDITION UUllf r NO 307 re AP Wirephoto WAR ORPHAN LEARNS TO Barbara Nikoli flashes her made in America smile as she eats her favorite food in a Chinatown restaurant in New York Barbara landed in the United States 4 months ago from her nativg Greece an almost blind and half starved war orphan Since then she has spent most of her at Babies hospital undergoing 2 operations to re pair the damage shrapnel did to her eyes and face in 1944 Her foster parent in this country is Tallulah Bankhead Gillette Says Farmers Not to Blame for High Food Cost Washington AP Senator Gillette DI6wa said Thursday farmers are beingblamed unjustly for high food prices which actually result from distribution and process ing costs that are obviously out of line Gillette opened a senate agriculture subcommittees hear ing into the spread between prices farmers receive and those consumers pay The housewife Gillette said judges the cost of foods by the re tail price and if the spread main tained in processing or distribu tion is exorbitant the farmer gets the blame Farmers are now making far less than peak postwar prices he added while their operating costs Republicans Gather for Farm Parley Sioux City re publicans were called upon Thursday to help lift their party out of the financial red in prep aration for next years vitalcon gressional campaigns Party leaders gathering here for a 2day nationalfarm conference opening Friday sat down at a closed confCEence to may plans for a fundraising drive Fourteen midwestern and Rocky mountain states participating in the farm session were told they had a combined quota of to meet expenses of the republican national committee for 1949 Here to stress need for changing a party deficit into a surplus was the new national chairman Guy G Gabrielson Presiding at the funds conference was Joseph S Wisehart of Lincoln Nebr re gional vice chairman of the partys national finance committee Meanwhile farm leaders from the midwest as well as republican members of congressional agricul ture committees gathered to get what they described as a grass root opinion of the type of na tional farm program ifarmers themselves want Large Cut in Arms Bill Is Threatened But Lucas Thinks Economy Bloc Senate Can Be Defeated Washington leaders showed concern Thursday at a fastgaining economy drive which threatened to make a cut in the foreign arms program Democratic Leader Lucas oE Il linois conceded the vote would be close on amendments by Senator George DGa to slice in half the earmarked in the program for North Atlantic pact nations But I think we have the votes to beat them Lucas told porters By agreement the senate was to begin voting at 4 p m CST on the plan to rearn friendly nations in the figh against communism Avoids Forecast Chairman Connally DTex cautiously avoided predictions o defeat for the George amend ments He was obviously not a confident as he had been earlier ii the week when he opened the de bate on the bill Critics hammered hard at the spending program Wednesday George and Senator Byrd DVa led the assault with other sen ators joining in during the day The GeorgeByrd attack cen tered on government spending which they said threatens to un dermine the strength of the Unit ed States If the United States is weakened they argued then all hope for peace will be lost Too Big George favors an arms program thinks the present plan is too big Byrd is opposed to any arms program Senator Gillette DI o w a joined the opposition Thursday by declaring the arms program will commit this country for years to a policy of militarism and force Gillette said in a statement It is a downpayment on a policy limitless in the sums which it can consume and in the length of its duration We are not vot ing the question of a billion or 2 dimensions of the military assistance program are infinity and eternity Workers Agree to Delay Steel Strike OSCAR FETTERS Says He Was Engaged to Mrs Sailor Coal Talks End Until Next Week Lewis Rejects Demand to Send Miners to Jobs Navy Insists on Appearance of Air Secretary Washington special navy court insisted Thursday that Air Secretary Symington appear in person to answer questions con nected with the B36 bomber in vestigation The tug of war between the air force and the navy developed after Wood read to the court a memorandum from Symington saying he wouldbe willing to sup ply answers to questions submitted to him by the court in writing The court investigating the background of the onceanony mous document which touched off congressional hearings on the B 36 program requested Wednesday that Symington appear Thursday as a witness In his memorandum Symington said he learned of the request Wednesday just as he was leaving for NewYork to attend a dinner of the American Ordnance asso ciation He said he cancelled plans to remain in New York through Thursday and returned early Thursday morning in order to re ceive any questions the court might want to submit Rake Man Dies of Scaffold Injuries Ed Knutson 56 Rake died at Park hospital Wednesday evening from injuries which he suffered in fall from a scaffold at Rake Tuesday He had suffered a gkull fracture in the fall and was Brought to the several hours atcr have advanced to new heights Gillette quoted Federal Reserve Chairman Thomas B McCabe as saying that a recent 20 per cent drop in commodity prices had caused only a 10 per cent drop in wholesale prices and a 3 per cent drop in retail prices Unhealthy Sign This lag in the price of prod ucts at retail a healthy sign and means either that processors and distributors are inefficient in their operations or are exacting an inordinate profit for their serv ices Gillette said ftln either case the situation should be remedied He cited 2 examples called to his attention by an Iowa egg deal er and an Illinois dairy farm er i The egg dealer he said furn ished figures which indicated it costs 36 cents a dozen to get eggs from the farm to the consumers table If the farmer gave his eggs for nothing to the egg buyer in the middle west Gillette said it would still cost 36 cents a dozen under this system to get them to the customer 8 Cents a Quart The dairy farmer declared that he sells milk at about 8 cents a quart while the retail price in Chi cago is 21i cents delivered and added Considering the fact that all that is done to the milk is to have it pasteurized and bottled this spread is entirely too much I am advised that drivers of wagons distributing milk to the stores in Chicago get as high as a year I also suspect that there are a lot of very high exec utive salaries It would seem to me that this whole picture should be investigated and I think Chi cago would be a good place to start Washington Fetters 63 defendant in a 35yearold murder case testified Thursday that he once was engaged to marry the girl whose father he is accused of killing The indictment charging Fetters vith the fatal shooting of Hugh Dougall Sr on Sept 9 1914 lay ormant for 34 years while he was onfined to the criminal insane vard of the Anamosa reformatory t was revived when a judge held arly this year that Betters now s mentally restored Fetters on the witness stand ontradicted the testimony of Mrs arah Dougall Sailor 59 who Wednesday told the jury that she never had considered herself en faged to Fetters We were engaged before I re urned to Arizona Fetters testi fied in giving his version of his 30day courtship of the then Miss Sarah Dougall in April of 1913 Fetters is accused of bursting nto the Dougall home and firing a revolver after Sarah Dougall had spurned his attentions Earlier Fetters had reviewed his youth He testified at length about a skin disorder which he said cre ated a nervous condition which caused him to shun people Legislators Give Up Hope on Labor Law Washington leaders appear to have written off chances for getting a new labor law through only for this year but for 1950 as well Chairman Lesihski DMich of he house labor committee said Thursday his committee will take no further action on TaftHartley or at the next ses sion starting in January Unless the attitude of the house changeswe dont intend to try to report out another labor bill Les inski told reporters And with the 1950 election cam paign already warming up Lesin ski said he doesnt look for any immediate change in attitude Early in the session the house rejected the administrations la bor bill and sent a substitute mea sure back to committee leaving it with no labor legislation pending Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Sunny Friday Low Thursday night about 42 High Friday 68 to 70 owa Partly cloudy Thursday night Friday mostly fair No important change in tempera ture Low Thursday 40 to 46 Monopoly Suit Filed Against Ohio Paper Washington govern ment Thursday filed a civil action charging the Lorain Ohio Jour nal Co and 4 of its officers with conspiracy to monopolize the spread of news advertising and Sam Wood Film Director Dead Hollywood Wood 66 one of the movies bestknown di rectors died Thursday of a heart attack His death was the 3rd among movie notables in less than a week Comedian Frank Morgan arid Actor Richard Dix were the others Wood directed Morgan recently in The Stratton Story Woods studio disclosed that he lived less than 2 hours after an early morning heart attack He succumbed in a hospital RATH ELECTED New York A Rath o the Rath Packing company in Wa terloo Wednesday was elected a vice chairman of the board oL di rectorn of the American Meat In slilutc linnesota Clearing windy and cooler Thursday night Friday partly cloudy and quite cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis ices for 24 hours ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum 68 Minimum 44 At 8 a m 52 Precipitation none YEAR AGO Maximum 65 Minimum 53 other information Attorney General McGrath an nounced that the suit was filed in federal district court at Cleveland He said it is the first case in which newspaper has been charged with conspiring to injure a com peting radio station The suti names as defendants in addition to the company these officers Samuel A Horvitz of Cleveland vice president secretary and di rector of the Lorain Journal Co Isadore Horvitz of Cleveland pres ident treasurer and director D P Self of Lorain business man ager of the Journal Frank Mal loy of Lorain editor A justice department statement said the company and its officers are charged with trying to ac quire ownership of their com petitors and refusing to publish in the Journal advertisments of busi ness houses who advertise over radio stations in Lorain and Ely ria Ohio or who advertise in the Lorain Sundays News a news paper published every Sunday They are accused also the de partment said of inducing pub lishers of the Elyria Chronicle Telegram not to circulate their newspaper in Lorain The 2 cities are adjacent In a civil action of this kind the government seeks a court order to stop the practices com plained of No penalties are in volved Violation of an order once it is issued can result in contempt action punishable by fine or jail sentence White Sulphur Springs W Va L Lewis Thursday angrily rejected an operator de mand that he send striking coal miners back to work and wage hour negotiations were broken off until next week Northern and western coal op erators meeting here with Lewis asked the United Mine Workers boss to send his 480000 hard and soft coal miners back to work im mediately They said Lewis an swered them with a flat no No Wage Hike The operators also told Lewis they will pay no wage increase to the miners this year They said they cannot afford to do so rais ing the price of coal tieorge H Love chief spokes man for the coal mine owneiS told newsmen that absolutely no progress was made in the bar gaining conference He said there would be no more negotiations until next Thursday Lewis refused to talk to re porters after the conference but promised a statement at p m CST Offer Extension Love said the coal operators had offered once again to grant an ex tension of the old coal contract until March 31 1951 He said the only change in the contract the operators want to make would prevent Lewis from calling stabili zation or memorial strikes for limiting coal production in any way There have been several stab ilization and memorial strikes so far this year And for more than 2 months the soft coal miners on direct orders from Lewis have been working only 3 days a week The miners did not report for work Monday presumably be cause pension and welfare pay ments stopped by the trustees of the unions multimil lion dollar welfare fund Lewis as one of the trustees led the tion to halt pension payments from the fund after certain south ern coal operators stopped con tributing to benefit payments in the absence of a new coal con tract AP Wirephoto HANDS Blackerby 23 Louisville grits his teeth and strains against officers hands in criminal court in Louisville Judge Loraine Mix said Blackerby was the first handculfed prisoner tried during the judges 16 years on the bench Earlier Blackerby tried to break away from officers taking him into courtfrom a conference room A jury convicted him of breaking into an automobile com pany and taking some auto gadgets The jury recommended 2 years imprisonment Blackmer Is Expected to Return to Denver Sunday Denver fabulous Child of the year old Henry M expected home Sunday After 25 years oi luxurious selfimposed exile in Europe he returns to face six federal charges of income tax evasion The multimillionaire oil tycoon planed into Boston Wednesday on a transAtlantic airliner After clearing cus toms he was whisked away in an automobile Denver friends said he would fly to Chicago and board a train for Denver arriving Sunday He is ac cpmpanied by his 2nd wife Eide Norena Norwegian so Union 2 Firms Will Meet Friday Wildcat Walkouts Shut Down Pair of Pittsburgh Plants Pittsburgh CIO United Steel workers Thursday put off for another week their nationwide steel strike set for Saturday mid night and asked the giant United States Steel Corporation to resume contract talks Friday morning The unions policy committee joined industry in agreeing to ac sept President Trumans request for 1 Extension of the strike truce until a m Saturday1 Oct 1 and 2 quick resumption of bargaining Within an hour the steelwork ers proposed to renew contract alks at a m Friday Both J S Steel and Republic agreed to he meeting Refused to Return Murray had refused to go back to the conference table until in dustry accepted the peace formula of Mr Trumans fact finders The action came as wildcat walkouts shut down 2 Pittsburgh steel plants and idled 2400 work ers Pickets carried signs demand ing more extension and pensions Murray and the industry dead locked on acceptance of a presi dential boards peace recommen dations that the steelworkers get company financed insurance and pensions The union accepted In dustry objected to footing the bill and refused to be bound by the report without bargaining Theyve been feuding since Contact Companies Murray announced the union wage policy committee approval of the extensionHe said The only thing I have to add is that we are contacting the various companies and we hope to meet with the U SSteel corporation Friday Murray sent a telegram to President Truman notifying him of the action taken The 24 hour session of the wage policy com mittee broke up with the 170 See Russian Hand in China New York called ort the United Nations Assembly Thursday to act quickly to pre vent communism from engulfing China and the entire far east For the first time China also charged that Russia was directing the Chi nese communists Chinas chief delegate Doctor T F Tsiang told the 59 national delegations that the north Atlantic past had halted the flow of com munism across Europe but there was no such barrier in the east The Chinese communist party he said is an integral fart of the international commu nist movement It is as fanatical as communists elsewhere Its propaganda is always in tune with Moscow propaganda Its action is always in step with Moscows ac tion by rpr NEW POLIO PATIENT Iowa Crawford 3J Hampton has been admitted to University hospitals for polio treatment Tsiang spoke less than 24 hours after the Chinese communists proclaimed at Peiping the estab lishment of a communist peoples republic of China prano It was the oil ty coon was taken to a Boston hos pital for a physical checkup but his whereabouts were being kept a secret In New York a friend of Black mer said the hospital stay would not delay his appearance in Den ver Blackmers sudden return kindled the memories of the Hard ing administrations Teapot Dome scandal Two of Blackmers oil associates Edward L Doheny and Harry Sinclair were involved Slipped Away Blackmer slipped away to Eur ope in 1924 rather than testify at a congressional inquiry into the Continental Trading company He was a director It was dis closed in a Cheyenne Wyo court that the company made through a paper transaction by purchasing oil from one company and selling it to another The prof its were used to purchase Liberty bonds Government detectives said some of the bonds were traced to Albert Fall secretary of the in terior in the Harding administra tion criminal charges of perjury income tax evasion returned a federal grand jury in Denver in 1928 He is expected in federal court next Monday or Tuesday to enter a plea cheer Murray Teiis of Threats by Rath Strikers Waterloo Some threats made by strikers at the Rath Packing company Quring the pack ing plant strike in May 1948 were reviewed here Wednesday at the conspiracy trial of Russell Edsill Robert Bedard foreman at the plant told the court he had gone to the house of another employe to take him to work when a car with 5 men in it drove up beside his Bedard identified 3 of the men as Russell Edsill his broth er Ray and Isadore Patterson all rnrlefcndaiiUs in the conspir Ford Talks Move Toward Settlement Detroit Ford Motor company and CIO United Auto Workers Thursdayled the way in 4thround wage negotiations The UAW and Ford were re i IrO All Wll ported moving closer toward acy cases and all union officers URGE HONEY SUPPORT Washington Gil lette DIowa was one of 5 sen ators who proposed Wednesday to add price support for honey to the pending farm program bill Discuss Recognition of Reds in China Washington formation of a communist government in China brought a bit closer Thurs day the time when the United States must decide whether to recognize such a regime At the moment however Amer ican officials say that the issue of recognition is not raised by the announcement of the new govern ment made in Poiping Wednesday by Communist Leader Mao Tze Tung What is expected is that when the communists have completed their governments organization they will make a bid to establish formal diplomatic relations and Russia or one of its satellite coun tries will be the first to accept and agree to open embassies at the communist capital The recognition issue is under stood to have been discussed here last week by Secretary of Stafe Acheson British Foreign Minis ter Bevin and French Foreign Minister Schuman during their re view oC the whole Far Eastern sit uation They agreed then that they would discuss the possibility of taking parallel actions when the Chinese communists assert their claim to be recognized They agreed further not to act hastily in the matter Acheson is thus committed to consult with the other western powers before making any deci sion He has also promised the sen ate foreign relations committee that he will consult with congres sional leaders before a policy de cision is made Basic American policy on recog nition makes 3 requirements a government seeking formal rela tions with the United States It must be a regular operating gov ernment must have effective con trol of its territory and must agree to assume its countrys interna tional obligations Among the best informed dip lomats here the belief is that un less the communists raise extra ordinary they might do for example by mistreatment of foreigners or by denying Chinas past obligations the western powers eventually will recognize the red regime Fall was convicted of accepting a bribe of from Doheny in the leasing of the Elk Hills naval oil reserve part of the Tea pot Dome field He was sentenced Nov 1 1929 to a year in prison and fined Before his exile Blackmer be came known as the Child of the Gods for his incredible financial success A former business associ ate in Denver once said Black mer could make a milliondollars on a desert island Without Country In 1927 he became a man with out a country The U S govern ment revoked his passport after several futile attempts to extra dite Blackmer from France That restricted his travels to France But during World war II he man aged to reach Geneva Switzer land where he lived on an estate He returned to Paris in 1947 Blackmers tax troubles mirror his vast wealth In 1932 while in exile he paid the treasury de partment in income taxes allegedly unreported That action settled a civil suit for back taxes in the years 1920 through 1923 Also in 1932 he paid fines on 2 contempt of court charges for refusing to answer subpoenas on file against him are tlement with every day of bar gaining while John L Lewis coal miners were bn an unofficial strike and steel talks hinged on extension of the Saturday strike deadline It was learned reliably at Washington that Cyrus Ching chief of the federal mediation service had suggested a Ford pension offer as basis for talks in the steel dispute Steel company reaction was mixed Observers pointed out that the 6day extension cf the CiO Unit ed Steelworkers walkout truce moved the strike deadline one day beyond the strike date set by UAW President Walter P Reuther Although a UAW spokesman said Reuther was holding out for more than the 10cent welfare package for his 115000 Ford workers settlement was consid ered probable before a scheduled strike one week from Thursday The spokesman said that under the steel formula Ford workers would not get the retirement demand by Reuther as a price for peace in the auto in dustry The witness testified that Ray Edsill told couldnt recruit men to at the Rath plant and Patterson said if he continued to do so Bedard would have the hell beat out of him Says Iowa Streams Free of Pollution DCS Moincs director of public health engineering of the state health department said Wed nesday that Iowas streams now are fairly free from pollution Paul Houser said that although there still are some pollution problems recent amendments to the 1924 stream pollution law have made it an effective measure Houser spoke at a meeting of the Iowa Sewage Works associa tion which will end its sessions Thursday Boy Struck by Truck Killed Newton Jerry McCombs 6 was injured fatally Wednesday night beneath the wheels of a ravel truck as he was crossing highway 6 to join his father Jerry was clutching a pint milk bottle as he started across the highway In the east part of New ton to reach his father who was at a filling station Assistant Police Chief N C Shaver said Donald L Danks of Newton driver of the truck told police he was facing the sun and did not know he had struck any thing until he saw glass from the broken milk bottle fly Danks said he saw the boy lying in the street when he looked in his rear view mirror BUck U Mil SA