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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 19, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LV Associated Press and United Preis Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A Suggestion for Our Educators ONE day not long ago I had a visit from an educator Dur ing the course of conversation he put to me this challenging ques tion Whats the one thing most needed from our public schools today My answer wasnt long in com ing because Id been doing some thinking on that question for a long time It was this our children that MONEY AND WEALTH ARE NOT THE SAME THING Thats a fundamental of eco nomics that simply will not sink into the average mind And our failure to recognize it has been responsible for the lions share of our economic difficulties with in my lifetime And never has ignorance of this fundamental been more universal or more pronounced than at this very hour Its reflected in the current demand in many quarters for more dollars in wages with no thought whatever of increased production Must Start in Schools Sadly Ive concluded that we must start in our schools clear down in the lower grades if ever to achieve a widespread comprehension of the fact that money has value only in the de gree that it can be used to buy things You cant eat money you cant wear it you cant shelter your self with it Its worth bases solely on what can be purchased with it With this as a premise clearly understood it would be possible to move along to some conclu sions and actions that would be most helpful in solving some of the problems which now beset the American economy For one thing it would be clear that addition to the dollar income of our nation merely increases competition for the purchase of an already too limited supply of commodities It means higher prices with prices already too high Cheap Dollars Explained wont buy is referred to as a cheap dollar The dollar at present buys about half as much as it would before the war Thats because dollars are so abundant and commodities the only place a MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 19 1949 This Paper Consists of Two No 304 AP Wirephoto to scarce Just about cheap dollar can be used to ad vantage is in debt retirement Debts contracted before the war can be paid off with our 50 cent dollarsrthat is if youre lucky enough to save out a few after meeting your other expenses At least in the higher grades of our public schools it could be brought its an ob vious so long as there is a billion dollar national debt hanging over our country our national dollar income is going to have to be maintained at a high level That debt can be paid off in dollars irrespective of their value in purchasing power Consequent ly any pronounced drop in dollar income would be damaging if not disastrous to our chances of re tiring that astronomical national debt withina reasonable say 75 or 100 years Production Means True Wealth But this is beside the point so far as this discussion is concerned What Im trying to bring out in this visit with you is that if our country is to move ahead in the future as it has in the past our emphasis must be put on the pro duction of true wealth not mere dollar income There is no better test for an economic system than this How much does it produce in food and useful goods for the people living under it On this standard Amer ican free enterprise capitalism stands alone It has enabled the average American worker to pro duce and to have more than 6 times as much manufactured goods as the average worker out side U S along with more and better food Its this our tons of gold bullion buried at Fort Knox has distinguished our gov ernment and our way of life among the nations of the world The comforts which we enjoy as a people had to be produced they couldnt be bought with dollars alone Our 3 Primary Goals Our economic system down through the years has had these 3 goals 1 To increase wages to the worker 2 To decrease prices to the consumer 3 To provide a continuous and assured profit to the investor Unless it be assumed that our of free enterprise has out lived its I know of no person of even reasonable intelli gence who assumes goals must prevail in our present and our future economy How best can they be achieved Increased production is the an And for increased production on national scale there must be ON PAGE 2 MORNING AFTER IN LONDONS WALL Brokers clerks and traders jam the street in front of Lon don s stock exchange Monday morning as the clock points toward 10 oclock the usual opening hour The exchange and banks remained closed to avoid financial turmoil on the morning after the announcement that Britain had de valued the pound by 30 per cent Cripps Says Britain Now Must Export More Goods London Stafford Cripps said Monday the British must redouble all our efforts to export goods now that the pound has been cheapened Reviewing the results of the Washington dollar talks the chancellor the exchequer told a news conference We agreed to create appropri ate incentives to export to the dol lar areas and make a vigorous at tack on production Well we have created the incentive all right The pound is now officially worth only compared with the previous The British hope this will stimulate exports by lowering the selling price of British goods If we are to succeed in reach ing a long term solution of the dollarsterling problem Cripps said we must regard it as a joint one requiring joint action And that he added was the ob ject of the Washington conference Cripps tossed out what could be interpreted as a hint that the la bor government intends to soften its attitude toward private indus try We realize that conditions have changed in the matter of capital investment he said and that we must study the problems of in centive and suitable environment to capital investment The labor party already has na tionalized such things as the rail roads and coal mines It is in the process of taking over the iron and steel industry This has made investors particularly from abroad wary of risking their money in Britain To Reopen Austria Question Sept 22 Washington state de partment announced Monday that Russia has accepted a U S pro posal that deputies of the Big 4 foreign ministers reconvene in New York Sept 22 to take up again the Austrian peace treaty question The department said the Big 3 western ambassadors called on Acting Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko after the Big 3 minis ters meeting here had formally expressed hope that Russia would agree to reopen the Austrian ouestion North Iowa Has 3 New Polio Cases Iowa of 3 ac tive cases of poliomyelitis from North Iowa was announced at Uni versity hospitals Monday morn ing New patients are Sharon Elphic 4 Hampton Gary Y Hyberger 7 Elma and Duane Riechenberg 4 Waverly Transferred to the inactive list are Ricky Criger 5 Charles City Peggy Greene 8 Iowa Falls Larry Ormstron 2 Waverly and Peter Fox 15 Osage Coal Mines Are Idle Over Nation as Workers Strike British Price Drop Will Not Be Immediate Washington UR American bargain hunters soon may find British tweeds and scotch whisky marked down 30 per cent but economists here warned Monday that it wont happen overnight and may not last They said the announcement by Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Stafford Cripps that the British pound had been cut in value from to is only a temporary cure for what has developed into a longrange headache Dr Edwin G Nourse chairman of President Trumans council of economic advisers said the big question is how long British man ufacturers will be able to sell at the new low prices and still meet present production costs The benefits of devaluation largely will be erased he said if British producers are forced to restore higher price tags on the goods they sell in the United States and other dollar areas Nourse explained that devalua tion is designed to permit Britain and other empire nations to sell more goods for dollars With more dollars flowing into Britain the British can buy the things they need from the United States But if prices rise economists here said they well might if British labor clamors for more wages to cover the some what higher living costs resulting from devaluation the situation will return to its present stale mate Devaluation also will mean that American exporters will have to work harder to sell in sterling areas Consumers in those areas will have to pay out more pounds for U S pioducts whichwiiritt crease their sales resistance pro portionately HUMORIST DIES New York Cuppy 65 humorist and critic died Monday Cuppy in failing health for sev eral years had bern in a hospital since Sept 9 BERT ROLLINGER AP AVircphoto Sentenced to 2 Years in Swindle Case Cedar Rapids a brief courtproceeding during which no mention was made of his story that he bilked an Iowa widow of in a phoney diamond deal Hubert M Bert Rollin ger 56 was sentenced to 2 years in federal prison Monday Rollinger who has been a tur key raiser and feed salesman since his release from a previous pris on term waived his rights to a grand jury indictment and pleaded guilty before Federal Judge Henry N Graven He was charged with extorting from Mrs Clara Mieras 60 LeMars Iowa insurance and real estate dealer through use of the Interstate telephone The infor mation said he called her from Las Vegas Nev on Jan 18 1949 and talked her into wiring him the S400 Rollinger declined to make any statement to the judge U S Dis trict Attorney T E Diamond gave a brief recital of Rollingers pre vious Iowa prison term after be ing convicted of extortion No mention was made in the courtroom of the transactions through which Mrs Mieras as serts Rollinger used threats of underworld reprisals to extract about from her in a fake diamond deal Mrs Mieras re iterated Monday at LeMars that Rollinger got and branded as untrue his contention that it was only Rollinger spent the period from May 1934 to April 1937 in the Iowa prison at Fort Madison on a charge of impersonating a fed eral prohibition agent and threat ening to arrest a woman AP Wirephoto NO PENSIONS NO meeting Sunday of Pittsburgh local 2563 United Mine Workers voted against working Monday in the unionspensioncontract fight It is typical of meetings all over the coal fields On the walls of local headquarters just as in others of the union are pictures of UMW Chief John L Lewis and the late President Roosevelt 1st Effort to Settle Steel Fight Fails A syllabub is a nonalcoholic drink made of milk and wine Dies as Result of Auto Crash Garner Edward Schmidt 20 son of Mr and Mrs Adam Schmidt of Garner died at a hos pital in Forejst City Sunday as a result of injuries suffered in an automobile accident near Forest City Sept when he was riding in a car owned by Dale Haes son of Mrs Rosa Haes of Garner who also was injured Funeral services will be held Wednesday at 9 a m at St Bon iface Catholic church the Rev M J Manternach officiating Besides his parents he leaves 5 brothers Adam Chicago Jo seph St Vincent Minn John Clarion Peter Chicago George at home and 4 sisters Mrs Phil lip Schmidt Curtis Ohio Mrs John Metsig Chicago Mrs Don Haes Garner and Betty at home 2 Mason Cityans Hurt in Crash Wellsburs XP Six persons were injured 2 seriously 2 miles north of here early Sunday morn ing when the car in which they were riding hit a bridge abutment and rolled oyer several times Reported in poor condition at Allen Memorial hospital in Wa terloo Monday was Donald Ouver sen 28 of Mason City Mrs Sally Cordill 36 of Aplington was re ported in fair condition Also injured but released from Allen Memorial after receiving first aid treatment were Albert Heinz 26 Mason City Clarence Geerdes 31 Mrs Geerdes 26 and Claude Cordill husband of Sally Cordill Carson Okayed for Federal Trade Post Washington The senate approved Monday President Tru mans appointment of John Carson to be federal trade commissioner The vote was 45 to 25 Carson 59 is a former Indian apolis and Washington news paperman who has held various government posts in the last dozen years More recently he has been director of information for the CoOperative league of the U S A with headquarters here ment failed Monday in its first effort to mediate in the steel strike set for midnight Saturday but another peace conference was scheduled for later in the day After nearly 3 hours of dis cussion first with both union and management representatives and then with the industry group Federal Mediation Director Cyrus S Ching admitted he had failed to break the deadlock Ching said the steel companies were standing by their previous refusal to accept as the basis for negotiations the pension and in surance benefits recommended for the steelworkers by President Tru mans factfinding board CIO President Philip Murray leading the union defegation an nounced at the start of the meet ing that 1000000 steelworkers would walk out Saturday night unless tha companies started bar gaining here and now on those recommendations When the first conference broke up both sides were standing pat Ching told reporters however that he planned to meet separately with the management and union negotiators later Monday SAME Black flaj meani death la put 21 haun Dies of Auto Crash Injury Marengro F Hartle 57 of Des Moines died in a Marengo hospital early Monday of injuries suffered in an auto accident Sun day afternoon Highway patrolmen said Hartle swerved his car over the shoulder to avoid a collision and his vehicle rolled over an embankment Hartles wife Gladys and their daughter Joan escaped with mi nor injuries The Hartles were driving their daughter to Iowa City where she is a university student The accident occurred on highway 6 about 2 miles west of Ladora Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearing Monday night and Tuesday Low Mon day night about 43 High Tues day about 74 Iowa Fair Monday night Tuesday fair and warmer Low Monday night 4045 north 4550 south Minnesota Fair and cooler in the south and west Clearing and cooler in the northeast Monday Scattered frost in the south and frost or near freezing tempera tures in the north portion Fair and warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 79 Minimum 43 At 8 a m 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 57 Says Muldoon Threatened to Turn Him Over to Police Marshalltown confessed slayer said in court Monday that he shot a Mason City salesman who gave him a ride because the salesman threatened to turn me over to thelaw Y Alvin Junior Brown 20of Tulsa Okla told District Judge B O Tankersley that he shot William J Muldoon 35 No Pension No Work Is Battle Cry 480000 Miners Expected to Be Off by Nightfall Pittsburgh Coal mines shut down across the nation Mon day as John L Lewis diggers struck again on their time crying no pension no work Production of anthracite hard coal and bituminous soft coal is being choked off by anger of the United Mine Workers over President Lewis suspension of pension and welfare fund pay ments Actually miners pentup feel ing are aimed at southern coal op erators who refused any more 20 cent per ton royalty payments into the welfare fund until a new contract is signed The refusal prompted Lewis suspension of welfare benefits Most of the UMWs 480000 members in 20 states are expected to be idle by nightfall said the welfare pay stop is due to the fund running low on cash Hes deadlocked with oper ators after prolonged talks Walkouts started Sunday mid night and gained headway over the coal fields Monday as come towork whistles blew in vain i accidentally and ally last June 6 Brown has pleaded guilty to a charge of murdering Muldoon and a lengthy hearing is in progress to determine the degree of his guilt Before Brown took the stand to tell his own story his A Brown of into tears on the witness stand while recounting the story of his sons life The father said his son was very nervous after receiving medical discharge from the ail forces in March 1947 Young Brown who was on the witness stand most of the morning an swered questions of his attorneys calmly and with deliberation His story included these highlights Blew His Top While I was at Kelly Field Tex I blew my top on the drill field one day when a new outfit of men couldnt understand what I wanted I took off across the drill field and came to in a hos pital where I was locked in a small room A doctor asked if I heard people talking without see ing them and I told him that was right After his army discharge Brown continued he was married Dec 6 1948 but left home in April 1949 a few months after the birth of his child Brown said he started for home from St Paul Minn after being injured while working as a rail road hand He said he was hitch hiking and that Muldoon gave him a ride the morning of June 6 Brown claimed Muldoon drove as much as 100 miles an hour and that after the salesman heard a newscast at Iowa Falls about a policeman being murdered in a Minneapolis suburb by 3 men he noticed a gun in Browns belt and said You wouldnt be one of them would you He told the court that Muldoon then said he was going to turn him over to the law and that the salesman refused to let him get out of the car Brief Fight Brown said he and Muldoon had a brief fight on the highway south of Marshalltown and that he shot Muldoon in the hip because I was excited He related he forced Muldoon to get back into the car and that when Muldoon again said he was going to turn him over to police he ordered Muldoon to turn onto a side road It was on a side road that the dying Muldoon was found under a blanket in front of his ditched car Before defense testimony began Browns attorneys moved that 1st and 2nd degree murder be elim inated from the courts considera tion The defense also sought lo strike considerable state testi mony including that designed to show that robbery was one of Browns motives in the shooting V MRS ROBERT SALIER Nora Springs Woman Dies After Crash Mrs Robert Salier 32 Nora Springs died at the Mercy hos pital at Dubuque Sunday after noon following a headon col lision of 2 cars on Highway 52 east of Luxemberg Iowa about m Saturday SHe never regained conscious ness following the accident in which Larry Gocbel 30 of near Guttenberg Iowa was killed in stantly Mrs Salier was born in Mason City May 14 1917 the daughter of Mr and Mrs George W Stev ens 631 Penn S E She atttended the local schools and was married to Robert Salier Feb 20 1941 in Mason City They made their west of Nora her husband daughter Sandra Kay 3i parents and 2 sisters Mrs James Gilruth Clear Lake and Batty Stevens Denver Colo Funeral arrangements are in complete awaiting dismissal of Mr Salier from the hospital Algona Firm Buys Champion Barrow Austin Minn UR A 240 pound Red Duroc owned by Art Avens Hartington Nebr was ad judged grand champion barrow at the National Barrow show which closed here Saturday The animal was purchased by Western Buyers Co Algona Iowa for UMW leaders insisted the unions Iowa Follows Lead Iowas union miners followed the lead of United Mine Workers elsewhere Monday and remained off the job or prepared mines for production halts The Jensen Coal company at Fraser reported the 55 under ground workers there all mem bers of the mine union appeared at the mine Monday but went home Sam Fellers manager of the mirfe said the workers told him they had received no or ders to come put of the pits but were following the general trend At the Hopkins Coal com pany mine at Golfax miners were loading coal and timber ing the mine in preparation for a work stoppage rank and file is acting on its own initiative that Lewis has issued strike call He never does West Virginia biggest soft coal producing state reported its 120 000 miners joining the stoppage Pennsylvania No 2 on the pro ducing parade saw miners refus ing to show up at pits across the state The Western Pennsylvania Coal Operators association said no miners were working in the rich bituminous belt employing 56000 All big mines in central Pennsyl vania employing 45000 also were down The walkouts following week end strategy meetings by UMW locals throughout the country be gan when 8000 Wyoming and Utah miners marched from the pits They acted soon after Lewis shut off pension pay Violence broke out in West Vir ginia Three employes of a strip coal veins close to the surface are stripped by power they were beaten by members of a motorized roving picket caravan Some 1000 pick ets toured roads in search of non unionized operators still open Thirteen truckloads of coal were dumped home on a farm Springs Surviving are Postage stamp glue is made from tapioca Choosing Jury in Rath Riot Trial Waterloo jury was be ing selected in district court here Monday for the trial of Russell Edsill 40 Rath Packing company employe charged with conspiracy in connection with rioting at the plant during a 1948 strike Edsill was indicted i with 10 others as a result of strike vio lence in which one man was killed Two defendants have been pre viously tried for conspiracy Wil bert Warren was convicted last October and is now free on ap peal bond and Everett Hopper was freed by a jury last May BABY ELECTROCUTED Davenport 14 months old daughter of Mr and Mrs Ivan Carstensen Judith Ann was elec trocuted Saturday when her lips came in contact with an electric cord while playing in her Daven port home PROCLAIMS NEWSBOY DAY Des Moines William S Beardsley Monday proclaimed Oct 8 as National Newspaper Boy Day in Iowa
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