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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 2, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOMZ MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITJON mm VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Ieasa Wires Five Cents a One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A Week For Those Who Hear Not UNDER the sponsorship of the American Hearing society and with the indorsement of the pres ident of the United States a week has been set 8 to for a focusing of attention on the importance of the auditory sense The observance is not alone for those of faulty hearing Just as importantly it is designed to point up our Messing for those of us who enjoy good hearing It should make us more appreciative of our good fortune and more sensitive of the handicap of those not thus blessed Out of Americas total popula tion of 150 million approximately 15 million are either totally deaf or are handicapped by seriously impaired hearing Thats 1 out of 10 In its scope deafness is in a class with cancer and heart far greater than tu berculosis or infantile paralysis Deafness Often Preventable According to medical authorities at least half of the 3 million chil dren threatened with total deaf ness can be saved from becoming permanently hard of hearing if the causes are discovered and treated in time Thats a problem which should appeal to every American with a spark of kindness in his soul To center public attention on the importance of better hearing the 123 local chapters of tho American Hearing society through out the country will conduct edu cation campaigns in their com munities during the special week set aside for the purpose The different ways in which those who suffer from hearing de lects can b e helped will be stressed Some of these means incidentally are lip reading in struction speech correction hear ing aids auditory training and vo cational guidance Deafness at Close Range My own special interest in this subject extends back a dozen years when I began my service on the state board of education Along with the state institutions of high er learning the school for the blind and the school for the deaf were responsibilities of the board Since that time I have had num erous contacts with the deaf most ly but not entirely in Iowa Once I traveled into neighboring states for the purpose of determining whether the methods and tech niques employed in our school were in line with the best think ing on the problem While I wouldnt and couldnt represent myself to be an author ity on the subject I have had op portunity to acquaint myself with it rather more extensively than would have been the case without this extended contact with one of the nations finest schools for the deaf On entering the assignment a dozen years ago I had what I presume was the typical attitude toward deafness I regarded it as a very great I didnt sense how stark a tragedy total deafness from birth can be unless something is done about it In Class With Blindness Somehow I had total blindness in a wholly different category I thought of blindness as just about the most devastating tragedy that could possibly befall one Now I place total deafness from birth in the sace class It isnt an overstatement to say that a child born deaf presents a greater problem in education than does a child born totally blind This is another way of saying that the task of communicating intelli gence and a language to the deaf child is more difficultthan teach ing the blind child Most people labor under the im pression that our education comes to us more through the eyes than through the ears This is not and particularly is it not true in that period of our lives before we acquire a language The educational process for those of us blessed with all 5 senses makes use of all But when deprived of either sight or hear ing it becomes clear that the ear sense is of even greater importance than the eye sense That may sur prise its true A LongHeld Fallacy There was a time of course when those born deaf were as sumed to be dumb Aristotle made this wholly fallacious observation more than 4 centuries before the birth of Christ and that fallacy persisted clear down to the 16th century Consequently no attempt was made to educate the deaf The first efforts at regular in struction of the deaf were made by a Spanish monk by the name of Pedro Ponce de Leon back in 1570 His specialty was tutoring the deaf sons of noblemen He taught his pupils to read write and speak after a fashion Because it was expensive tha education of the deaf in those days was restricted to the rich These first teachers exhibited consider able secrecy and jealousy with re spect to their methods They guarded them as a cook guards her best recipe When Americas most honored CONTINUED ON PAGE Z MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 2 1949 Thil Paper of Two No Reds Cut Last Railway Escape From Shanghai AP Wirephoto THIS WAS THEIR and Mrs Leland Shumake stand in the 2nd story apartment of a barracks which was their home on the University of Oklahoma airport before the tornado They were not at home when the storm struck at Norman Okla Die in Tornadoes 2Day Series of Tornadoes Hits 4 States By The Associated Press A 2day series of tornadoes lashed parts of the south and southwest Saturday and Sunday killing 9 persons and injuring al most 100 Damage was roughly es timated at Mississippi and Louisiana were hit by tornadic winds Sunday Twisters struck in Oklahoma and Texas Saturday Western Kansas also received minor damage Sat urday Oklahoma took the worst beat ing Sixteen tornadoes struck in widely scattered parts of the state causing 5 deaths Approximately 75 persons were injured with at least 50 being hurt in the vicinity of Norman Okla Norman is the site of the University of Okla homa Four persons died in Texas The tornado hit in the northeast part of the state Rip Oil Field Nine persons were injured in a tornado which slashed through an oil field and 3 plantations near Homer a small town in northwest ern Louisiana Of the 9 all Ne groes 2 were in serious condition Five homes and 4 barns were de molished In central and northeastern Mis sissippi high winds damaged buildings uprooted trees and cut power lines No casualties were reported however Water River Miss was hardest hit The winds also whipped through Houlka Okolona and Houstin The dead in Oklahoma included Jessie Harvey 60 Spencerville Calvin West 59 Antlers Newt Pruitt 30 Utica Hettie Fain 11 McCloud and Anita True 7 Tulsa killed near Meeker Farms Damaged In Texas Bryant Wade 60 his wife and their 8 year old grandson were killed when their home was demolished They lived about miles northeast of Telephone a small town near the Oklahoma border Another Texan J E Mil ler 49 died as he crouched in a ditch to escape the twister He ap parently suffered a heart attack About 15 houses and an unspeci fied number of farm buildings were destroyed or damaged Homes were hit in the vicinity of Edhube and Lamasco both near Bonham In Oklahoma the main group of tornadoes moved from southwest to northeast across the center of the state for about 100 miles The storm demolished a university hangar and a national guard head quarters building at Norman Tornadoes in Kansas hit Oakley and near Garden City Rayburn Okays Labor Bill Changes Like TaftHartley Washington Speak er Rayburn DTex announced Monday his support of 5 amend ments to the administration labor bill and said he believes they will assure passage of the measure Rayburn told a news conference the amendments are being drafted by a group of house members in cluding southern democrats They will be offered Tuesday when the house resumes debate on labor legislation Briefly he said heres what they would do 1 Give the president authority to intervene either by injunction or plant seizure in a threatened strike involving the public wel fare 2 Make it perfectly clear that there is to be freedom of speech on both sides in a labor contro versy 3 Require noncommunist af fidavits to be made by leaders of both labor and management 4 Make certain that financial reports of labor organizations are available to members of the unions and perhaps to the public generally 5 Require that both sides in a controversy must bargain in good faith Many of the amendments are similar to provisions of the Taft Hartley law which President Tru man wants repealed None of them is in the administrations bill sponsored by Chairman Lesinski DMich of the house labor com mittee Rayburn said the injunction or plant seizure amendment may combine both proposals Personal ly he said he is not strongly in favor of a seizure provision by it self Rayburn following a British Labor Party Facing Election Test London Britains ruling labor party conservatives and the resurgent used grass roots outlined his position white house confer ence at which labor legislation was discussed He did not say whether President Truman has approved the amendments but the inference was that the chief executive has C of C Raps Truman Bills Washington The United States Chamber of Commerce will be asked to throw its weight and that of 3000 local and city cham bers against President Trumans program of economic controls and labor legislation The chamber will open its 37th annual meeting here Monday Top administration officials including Secretary of State Acheson and Defense Secretary Johnson are on the 4day program The chambers policy committee worked Sunday putting finishing touches on proposed policy declar ations to be offered the several hundred delegates Wednesday night To Nationalize Public Services Buenos Aires President Juan D Peron told the opening session of congress Sunday that Argentina will continue to nation alize all public services He declared with emphasis that present oweners will receive prompt and adequate compen sation The president defined public services as transports elec tric power plants and telephone telegraph and water systems Significantly Perons list did not include meat packing houses and oil companies of which a number are owned by United States Brit ish and Dutch firms Packers and oilmen had feared they might be marked for eventual nationaliza tion Foreign governments have ob jected not so much at the princi ple of expropriation but at the method of payment specified in article 40 of the new Argentine constitution That article says the expropria tion price should be the original investment minus all profits made during the companys existence over and above a reasonable profit Some foreign investors expressed the fear that this means they might have to pay for the privilege of being expropriated Peron said Sunday however that each case would require an enabling act of congress and he did not propose to take unfair ad vantage of anyone campaigning techniques Monday in preparation for another major test of voting strength The test comes May 12 in more than 400 English and Welsh bor ough elections Approximately 23 000000 voters are eligible to par ticipate They will elect borough coun cils which administer schools health housing street paving and lighting and other similar munci pal services Some councils also run transport and water supply systems Political strategists on both sides will study the outcome of the borough balloting to determine trends for next years general parliamentary election when the fate of Britains socialist evolu tion will be decided Both parties have dispatched di rectives to their local agents urg ing them to concentrate on door todoor campaigning in the bor ough elections A new confidence was obvious among the conservatives Labor party leaders on the other hand have been surprised and concerned by the rising conservative strength as shown in county council elec tions early in April In those elections the labor party lost about 300 seats in al to conservatives The laboritea showed strength in the coal min ing areas of Wales but were sur prisingly weak in the midland in dustrial areas and in Labors loss of county counci seats was attributed in part to the governments national budget for 194950 issued during the week th voting was in progress That bud get held most taxes at their cur rent high levels and upped tho prices of some basic foods U S British French Meet on Blockade Date for Lifting May Be Set Later During Week By MAX HARRELSON New York of the United States Britain and France met privately Monday to work out the next phase of the deal ngs with Russia on lifting the Berlin blockade The meeting was called by Philip C Jessup U SJ ambassador at large after a weekend of conferences in Wash ngton with Secretary of State Dean Acheson Sir Alexander repre sented Britain and Jean Chauvel sat in for France No meeting with Russias Jakob A Malik has been set The British and French dele ates have been kept informed of Jessups talks with Malik about ifting the 10 month old blockade Mondays discussions were ex pected to be on a common plan of procedure for the 3 powers A meeting between Jessup and Malik or a meeting of all 4 big power representatives may be arranged after Mondays session Malik said no date for his next meeting with Jessup had been set One of the points to be dis cussed Monday afternoon is a date for lifting the Berlin blockade and another is the setting of a date for a meeting of the 4power council of foreign ministers A date for a meeting of the council is one of Russias condi tions for lifting the blockade A date for lifting the blockade may be set this week Jessup has closed door been carrying on discussions with Malik on the Berlin blockade for more than 2 months Beach Club Fined on 2 Charges The Beach Club Inc of Clear Lake paid in fineson pleas of guilty to 2 charges in district court before Judge M H Kepler Mon day County attorneys informations charging illegal possession of in toxicating liquor and illegal pos session of gambling devices brought fines of and re spectively Sheriff Cal Dwan was ordered to destroy the liquor and gambling devices confiscated The charge was filed as the result of a raid by Clear Lake police early Sunday April 10 AP Wirephoto COUPLE LEAVES and Mrs Robert C Rutledge Jr are shown leaving the Cedar Rapids district courtroom Monday noon Dr Rutledge is on trial for the slaying of Byron C Hattman of St Louis allegedly be cause of his friendship with Mrs Rutledge Dr Rutledge Goes on Trial for Slaying Wifes Admirer Des Moxnes to Have Manager Des Moines am ateurs won the election victory that will give Des Moines city manager government in April 1950 leaders of the Citizens Com mittee for the City Manager Plan said Monday Despite the opposition of city of ficials and labor leaders Des Moines voters approved the man ager plan Saturday by an unof ficial margin of 809 votes in a total vote of over 40000 A manager type council will be elected in the regular March election next year and then will select a manager Despite the slender margin backers of the manager proposal hailed the victory as a political miracle because of the organized opposition and the fact that a sim ilar proposal was defeated in 1938 by over 7500 votes The League of Women Voters which made doortodoor distri bution of literature describing city manager government was credit ed with a large part in the victory Mayor Heck Ross who opposed the change said he was sur prised by the outcome Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear Monday night with low 42 Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer High Tues day 70 to 75 Iowa Fair Monday night with low 42 to 49 Increasing cloudiness Tuesday with high 78 to 82 Minnesota Fair Monday night Tuesday increasing cloudiness and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 61 Minimum 43 At 8 a m Monday 55 Precipitation 11 YEAR AGO Maximum 61 Minimum 50 Cedar Rapids state indicated it may seek the death penalty as Dr Robert C Rutledge Jr went to trial Monday on a charge of slaying his wifes bach elor admirer The doctors pretty blond wife was at his side as questioning of prospective jurors was begun The judge upheld a defense ob jection to the prosecutions at tempt to find out how the jurors felt about the unwritten law But the state was permitted to ask members of the jury panel if they had mental reservations against the death penalty for a firstdegree murder conviction The 27yearold St Loius spe cialist in childrens diseases has pleaded innocent to an indictment which accuses him of fatally stab bing Byron C Hattman 29year old St Louis aircraft specialist Public Not Admitted Dr Rutledge and his 23year old wife Sydney were linked arm in arm as they entered the court room She took a seat beside him at the counsel table Dr Rutledge has said Hattmans attentions to her caused the fight which re sulted in Hattmans death Due to space limitations only the 81 members of the jury panei court attaches and principals in the case were admitted to the courtroom by District Judge J E Heiserman Those present included Mr and Mrs J C Hattman of Cqraopolis Pa parents of theyictini Robert C Rutledge of Houston Tex fa ther of the defendant and Dr Howard B Goodrich of Hannibal Mo father of Mrs Rutledge As soon as court was opened County Attorney William Criss man introduced to the jury panel what he called the cast of char acters in the case He listed these as the defendant and his wife the judge attorneys for both sides and court attaches May Take Days As soon as 16 names were drawn from the panel Crissman began questionnig of jurors When he asked whether they had any thoughts in connection with the unwritten law the defense quick ly and successfully objected Se lection of jury was expected to take several days Shortly after Dr Rutledges ar rest in St Louis last December his attorney said the young pedia trician was supported by the un written law which gives a man a right to protect the sanctity of his home The appearance of Mrs Rut ledge was her first visit to her husband since he entered jail here March 23 Plane to Carry 25 Ton Cargo on German Airlift Frankfurt Germany A giant 71ton aircraft arrived Sun day from the United States for a service test on the Berlin airlift The aircraft a C97 Boeing Stratofreighter is capable of car rying about 25 tons of cargo The C54 Skymasters being used pres ently carry about 10 tons each The Stratocruiser is a transport sister ship of the Boeing B50 Lucky Lady II the airplane which recently traveled nonstop around the world with refueling in the air Air force headquarters in Eu rope said 13 C97 type airplanes have been delivered to the air force and that 50 more of an ad vanced type were being built Minnesota Forest Fires Still Threaten Duluth Minn UR Rainfall stopped Monday and smouldering forest fires threatened to spread anew through the north woods of Minnesota Winds from 15 to 20 miles an hour were predicted by weathermen for the northern quar ter of the state The fires that werent put out Sunday night might get a good start Monday and Tuesday one forecaster said Hundreds of men have fought nearly a week against blazing for ests brush and to protect towns farms and summer resorts No loss of life has been reported 8 Armies Are Wiped Radio Says Push Southwest of Nanking to Canton Would Trap Enemy By FRED HAMPSON Shanghai Traffic was reported suspended Monday on the last railway escape from communistmenaced Shang hai to south China Inside the city the chaotic money market crashed at midday after garrison headquarters outlawed free trading in prewar silver dol lars on threat of a measure of great desperation The red radio Sunday night said 8 Chinese government armies were wiped out and parts of 4 other armies routed in the Nanking Shanghai Hangchow area A Chinese army is xrsually 20000 men The red broadcasts claim of a great victory was not confirmed by government sources The semiofficial Chinese Cen tral News Agency said rail service had been suspended between Hangchow and Nanchang Hang chow is a seaport resort city and communications center 100 air miles southwest of Shanghai Nan chang capitalof Kiangsi province is about 280 miles farther south west almost midway between Shanghai and Canton provisional nationalist capital on the south coast Deep Thrust Seen This was the first indication that the communist offensive might have penetrated so deeply into south China Previous dis patches have indicated the main red thrust was aimed at Hang chow Central News however did not say what caused suspension of rail traffic between Hangchow and Nanchang or where red if operating along the line A Shanghai garrison communi que said nationalist forces still were holding Kunshan 32 miles west of Shanghai despite heavy red artillery bombardment at the outskirts of the town The com munique claimed nationalist suc cesses in fighting in the Kunshan area There was no news Here of the fighting south of Lake Tai 50 miles or so southwest of Shanghai where the reds seemed to be throwing more important strength toward Hangchow Aiming at Hangchow The unfolding of communist tactics however indicated that destruction of government armies in the field rather than occupation of territory or cities was their first The glazed tile dome of Mexi cos famous Puebla Cathedral re tains it original luster despite 400 years of exposure to the elements AP Wirephoto ANTLER PUNCTURES Williams St Ans gar farmer was drilling oats on the H L McKinley farm when his tractor tire was punctured by an antler Deer are plentiful in the area he said 2 Lose Lives Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS Traffic accidents claimed the lives of 2 persons in Iowa over the weekend Robert R Woods 28 of Sioux City was killed in a traincar collision at an Illinois Centralrail road crossing in Sioux City Sun day At Newton 7yearold Nancy Brooks daughter of Mr and Mrs Charles L Brooks was fatally in jured Saturday in an auto accident on highway 6 near the west city limits of Newton Authorities said the car in which Woods was riding stopped on a doubletrack to let another train pass and apparently did not see the freight train approaching Woods wife Violet 26 and Nels Johnson 41 of James were in jured Highway patrolmen Max Schmeling and Mel Knouse said witnesses told them that Nancy ran across the highway into the path of a car driven by Otis O Thornton 53 of Rock Island 111 SAME BlMk traffte U aim Associated Press dispatches from Shanghai just before censorship clampdown said it ap peared that the reds were aiming at Hangchow and the whole coast al arear some 100 miles below Shanghai The number of troops both west and southwest of Shanghai ap peared to be fairly small how ever and moving at a very lei surely pace against little if any opposition Before the censorship began Fred Hampson Associated Press chief of bureau in Shanghai wrote that these appeared to be little more than reconnaissances in force He predicted that the reds would not waste time taking Shanghai soon ByPassing Shanghai Instead he wrote the red drives developing now appear to have the overall purpose ol de livering the final death blow to nationalist China That means the reds will have to get into south China as fast as they can trap and cut up the remaining nationalist armies and move on Canton to eliminate the last political rem nants of their enemy Thus the main red push was that southwest of Nanking in the same general area where the com munists said they had destroyed such large government forces The reds appeared reluctant to take on the tremendous headache of running Shanghai the greatest city in Asia with more than 5 000000 population In the grip of martial law by the nationalist gar rison Shanghai was reported quiet Sunday despite a monthend pay day crisis that had dangerous pos sibilities WHISKY PRICES CUT Des Iowa liquor control commission Mon day announced price reductions up to 20 per cent on brands of whisky at its 179 stores The commission wid the reductions were made possible by lower wholesale prices
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