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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 22, 1948, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV Associated Pran and United Prau Full LetM CaiiU a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL v Managing Editor From the Flightdeck of a U S Carrier AT the outset oi this visit with you I should tell you that the notes from which I have worked In its preparation were quite largely made on the enormous flattop of the U S S carrier Wright The day spent in that setting was the highpoint of a 3day jaunt this past week to Pensacola Fla where I was the guest of the U S specifically Rear Adm J W Reeves Jr the navys chief of air training A 2motored plane the JRB4 came and got me Tuesday fore noon and that same plane brought me home 2 days later In the 56 hours between the hopoff and my return I had spent an after noon and evening at the worlds largest aviation training station and 2 nights and a day on the navys newest flattop But in this report to you I can only hit a few ol the high spots And I think Ill start with what I saw heard and thought during my time on the U S S Wright especially its flight deck which is the focal center of this type of ship Named for Wright Brothers By way of background I should mention that the Wright was named for the Wright brothers Orville and Wilbur Up to the time of its building there was only a naval tender ship to honor these fathers of aviation Obviously they deserved something more than that Authorized back in the 30s construction on the Wright got under way during the war and the actual launching didnt take place until last 2 years after the end of World war II It cost million Now by conserva ative estimate the cost would be at least million The hull of the Wright was started as a cruiser but by that time in the progress of the xvar it had become evident that flat tops were our best bet in the Pacific and the conversion from cruiser to carrier was begun In point of size the Wright isnt any great shakes It has a displacement of something less than 20000 tons Thats less than half the size of the Coral Sea and several other carriers which are in the 45000 ton class Real Giant Being Made And if the comparison is made with the carrier ship now under construction but not yet named the Wrights showing is even less favorable This new one is to have a displacement of 65000 times that of the Wright But to me a selfadmitted greenhorn in the field of flat tops the Wright seemed plenty big Her flight deck is 620 feet long and 85 feet wide Thats the equivalent of 2 city blocks long sufficiently long for a football gridiron but a little shy on width In naval parlance its in the light class of aircraft carriers It incorporates the best and most modern features of the wartime flattops Her speed from 4 boil ers and 4 screw propellers is in excess of 30 knots Since a knot is about an 8th longer than a mile that top speed isnt far from 40 miles an hour Although there would be stor age space oft the Wright for per haps 100 fighter type planes a considerable portion of the flight deck must be kept clear for planes landing and talcing off This means that only about 50 planes can be operated from her decks with full est efficiency A City in Itself As istrue of any larbe ship the Wright is in effect almost a floating city and almost selfsus taining Services available for the 650 enlisted men and the 45 of ficers who man the ship include barbershop tailor shop cobbler shop laundry and ships store along with vast stores of food and other things essential to mans needs For the ship itself there are shops capable of reproducing al most all of its vital parts During the last war it was not uncommon for ships of this type to operate as long as 2 years between navy yard visits and to remain at sea for periods of from 2 to 3 months This the Wright is prepared to do Like the training station itself at Pensacola the Wright includes In its program both time and fa cilities for recreation and physi cal development In my afternoon on the ship I saw a basketball game in progress on a regulation size floor That night in the same vast space I saw a new release movie I arrived at the ship a bit be fore midnight It was tied up at a dock in the Pensacola air stations bay harbor Ascending the gang plank I was greeted by an officer and shown to my cabin This in Solved a walk of almost 2 blocks No Expensive Elegance After an ample breakfast in a simple dining here I should say that no taxpayers dol lars are being wasted on frills or was taken to the flight deck My companions were 2 editors from South Carolina and a group of about 30 men ac m the navy league from CMittmted On I MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 2Z This Paper of Two No 37 U S S WRIGHT FROM THE was from a bridge in the first of the 2 super structures pictured here that the GlobeGazette editor Earl Hall watched a group of naval air cadets make their first takeoff and landing last Wednesday The naval flat top was cruising in the Gulf of Mexico off Pensacola at the time This experience pro vided Mr Hall with the subject matter for his One Mans Opinion commentary which is reproduced in an adjoining column Cahalan Child Dies of Polio at Iowa City Rose Marie Cahalan 7 daugh ter of Mr and Mrs Ambrose Cahalan 30i First S E died of poliomyelitis at the University hospital at Iowa City at 1 a m Sunday after being a patient there since Nov 10 She was born Jan 21 1941 on a farm near Rockwell Surviving are the parents Mr and Mrs Am brase Cahalan and the grandpar ents Mr and Mrs Fred Cahalan Mason City and Mr and Mrs N P Firgard Rockwell Requiem mass will be cele brated at St Josephs Catholic church at 9 a m Tuesday by Father P F Malone following which a private service for the family will be held at the Patter sonJames chapel where the body will lie in state A public Rosary will be said at St Josephs Catholic church at p m Monday Burial will be at St Josephs Catholic cemetery The PattersonJames funeral home in charge Elizabeth Cannot Sail for America Southampton England Striking crewmen of the Queen Elizabeth agreed to go back to work Monday after the Cunard WhiteStar line promised not to sail the liner to the United States until the Longshoremens strike there is settled The line promised also not to sailrto Halifax the port towhich some British ships were diverted last week Return of the crew will restore full service to more than 1500 passengers who have been on board since the men walked off Saturday morning 70 minutes be fore sailing time The walkoff which already has cost Cunard White Star about in extra docking fees wages food and fuel was called in sympathy with the longshore mens strike on the east coast in the U S Voters Approve Vet Bonus by More Than 500000 Margin DCS Moines state can vassing board reported Monday that Iowa voters approved pay ment of the soldier bonus for World war II veterans by a mar gin of more than 500000 votes at the Nov 2 general election The state executive council sit ing as the canvassing board said the vote on the bonus proposal was 739847 in favor of it and 210465 against it A total of 950312 votes were cast on the bonus issue Officially Verified The canvass gave official veri fication of election winners The official count showed President Truman carried Iowa over Gov ernor Dewey his republican op ponent by 28362 votes The official vote in the presi dential race was as follows President Total vote 1038 264 Truman 522380 Dewey 494 018 Wallace Progressive 12 125 Teichert SocialistLabor 4274 Watson Prohibition 3382 Thomas Socialist 1829 Dobbs SocialistWorker 256 scattered 8 votes including one for Charles Lindbergh D 578226 Wilson R 415778 Pitcher pro gressive 3387 Kellum prohibi tion 2580 Bockewitz socialist 441 Linn Tops Slate In the sate house races Secre tary of Agriculture Harry D Linn topped the victorious republican slate with a total of 501758 votes against 427521 votes for his dem ocratic opponent Gale McClean Official results of the congress races included R 78838 Ryan D 56002 Kindschi prohibi tion 443 R 55641 Irwin D 44002 Hoeven R 56970 McGivern D 45796 Bishop prohibition 140 Tjossem progressive 291 DIES IN CALIFORNIA Des Moines here have been notified that Mrs Hen ry S Frankel of Des Moines had died in Los Angeles Cal Satur day She served as chairman of the Iowa state conservation com mission in 193233 She served for several years as a commission member beginning in 1927 Asserts Control of Western Pacific Goes to Communists Sonoma Cal in the western Pacific is now passing to the communists Admiral Charles M Cooke Jr told the United Press Monday in an ex clusive interview The 4 star admiral recently re tired after 2 years as commander of U S naval forces western Pa cific As head of all American combat forces in China his head quarters were at Tsingtao to which port 1250 additional ma rines were recently ordered Control of the western Pacific east Asia area was dominantly Japanese in recent decades the admiral said Japanese abuse of this domination had worldwide disastrous consequences With VJ day control passed to the United States after a bloody march across the Pacific It is now passing to Soviet Russia Not Strnnre Russias position in the western Pacific before the war was not strong Rather it was a position of vulnerability which tended to weaken strategically the soviet world status The incorporation and organization of Manchuria north Korea and north China in the communist spberav of maritime provinces of eastern Si beria is bringing about a shift of economic and military superiority from the United States to Russia No one should be fooled by statements that Chinese commun ists are not in the communist fold Chinese red leaders have repeat edly asserted loyalty to Moscow guided LeninMarxist principles Cooke was asked if in his opin ion it is too late for the United States to retrieve its position What Are Objectives Before we try to retrieve it we had better know specifically what it is we want to accomplish he replied speaking with the judicial care which won him the nickname Savvy at the naval academy Two points must be decided What are our objectives in the Orient How compelling are they far will we go to support them We have got to know The United States has need of a clean cut objective in China There have been extensive periods when we did nothing followed by periods when we did substantial things But if we have a definite continu ing objective it requires support all of the time Newton City Clerk Free on Bond Newton J Lammers former city clerk here was free Monday under bond after he waived preliminary hearing on charges of larceny by embezzle ment during the weekend Lammers was bound over to dis trict court County Attorney John Diehl said a formal demand has been served on Lammers for res titution of a shortage in city ac counts of more than Lammers resigned his post after 16 years of service on Oct 13 His resignation followed the report of a private auditing firm to the city council of irregularities and short ages in his accounts The shortages covered a 5year period from January 1943 to Sept 30 1948 the firm told the council Bobby Breen Search Falters Planes Forced Down by Rain and Sleet Hayward Wis small planes which took off for Che quamegon National Forest to search for missing Singer Bobby Breen were forced to turn back only half an hour later by rain sleet and icing wings Harland H Webster who led the rescue flight said the planes turned back for Waukesha near Milwaukee because it was im possible for us to continue We dont know when we can take off now he said But i necessary well go up there Mon day night That red plane should stick out good in the snow No other air rescue agencies have moved into the search yet The civilian air patrol at Mil waukee and Minneapolis reported it had taken no action The air forces airsea rescue service a Selfridge Field Mich reported 11 had received no requests to enter the search More than 50 volunteer rescu ers meanwhile fanned out on the ground in the hope of finding a trace singleengine Stinson plane in which Breen and Pilot Kenneth Thompson were flying Sunday Marshalltown Woman Succumbs to Injuries Marshalltown Lou Vogel 74 died Sunday morning in Deaconess hospital of injuries suf fered Nov12 in a carpedestrian accident She and her sister Fannie 66 were truck at a downtown inter section by a car which police said was driven by Glen Kiser of Mar shalltown Fannie Vogel is still in the hospital Mirs Lou Vogel was the only woman ever to serve as secretary of the Central Iowa fair She held the position about 20 years ago Reports to Truman on Recovery Effort Martial Law Is Declared in China Madame Chiang KaiShek Makes Plea for US Aid Com mander Gen Fu TsoYi Monday declared martial law in 5 provinces of North China including the ci ties of Peiping and Tientsin to meet a threatened attack by vic torious communist armies from Manchuria The Chinese communist radio meanwhile warned the United States against sending aid to the nationalist government of Gener alissimo Chiang KaiShek de claring it would constitute armed aggression Makes Talk Madame Chiang KaiShek in a broadcast to the United States urged that immediate and defi nite American aid be sent to China She said the nationalist military situation was gravely critical and that the U S would suffer if China fell Chinas strategic posi tion resources and manpower in communist hands you yourself will be greatly weakened Chinas first lady said in a radio appeal over American Broadcasting com pany facilities If China falls all of Asia Dispatches from Peiping said a large communist advance guard had moved up to a point within 30 miles east of Peiping main gov ernment bastion in North China and was threatening to cut Peip ings supply corridor to Tientsin on the coast Covers 5 Provinces The martial law order covered the 5 North China provinces oi Hopeh Chanar Suiyuan Jehol and Shansi It provides for a mid night to 6 a m curfew in all gov ernmentheld towns The order effective this morn ing also calls for censorship of mail and cables and tighter in spections at railway stations and airports Strikes of any nature whether by students or workers are prohibited 1st Night in Blair House Comfortable Washington President Truman spent a comfortable first night in Blair House the temporary vhite house Press Secretary Charles G Ross gave that report to newsmen Mon day when asked whether Mr Tru man was enjoying his temporary quarters Mr Truman will live at Blair House across the street from the white house while the executive mansion is being repaired He went there shortly after return ing Sunday from a vacation at Key West Fla Ross said the president had to do a little scouting around to find some of his personal things but that the arrangement was work ing out all right AP Wircphoto PRESIDENT GREETS Truman Monday greets Secretary of State George C Marshall at National airport upon the latters arrival from Paris for foreign policy conferences French Ambassador Henri Bonnet is in the center background Upholds Good Faith Terms in PortaltoPortal Pay Law Washington supreme court Monday in effect upheld constitutionality of the good faith sections of the portalto portal law Those sections permit employ ers sued for back portaltoportal pay to plead as a defense that they acted in good faith or that they relied in good faith on an inter pretative ruling made by a gov ernment agency Only a week ago the court in effect held that congress had the right to outlaw certain portalto portal claims retroactively That action as was Mondays was by refusing to review lower court de cisions Socalled portaltoportal claims are for pay for time spent at the employers plant changing clothes sharpening tools or otherwise pre paring for productive work Some 36000000000 of such claims were filed after a court decision in 1946 apparently opened the way for them Congress then stepped in with the portaltoportal act outlawing most of them The case the high court refused Monday to review was one filed by maintenance workers employed in a building at 34 Nassau street New York which is owned by the Mu tual Life Insurance company of New York SAME c BMMI fa M Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Warmer Tuesday Low Monday night 20 to 23 High Tuesday near 40 Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Warmer Tuesday Low Monday night 2025 Minnesota Cloudy with rising temperatures Monday night Tuesday cloudy and windy with snow flurries north and central portions Colder north Tuesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 30 Minimum 20 At 8 a m Monday 20 Precipitation trace Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 17 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 33 Minimum 28 At 8 a m Sunday 28 Precipitation 04 Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 41 Minimum 36 Gives Dates for Overseas Shipments of Christmas Mail Washington UP The navy said Monday that Christmas mail for personnel in the Pacific area should reach the fleet postoffice San Francisco on the following dates Dec 5 for China Japan Philip pines Okinawa Truk Peleliu Dec 10 for Guam Saipan Kwaja lein Samoa Dec 15 for Hawaii and Guam One type of catfish in the Nile gives off an electric shock when touched Bank Robbers Expected to Plead Guilty Two young men who have con fessed robbing the Sheffield Sav ings bank of on Sept 25 are expected to plead guilty Tues day noon to a charge of bank rob bery before Federal Judge Henry N Graven They are Bernard D Morgan 26 Hampton and Robert F Safford 23 formerly of Chi cago If the U S probation officer Edward L Anderson has com pleted his reports on the 2 for sub mission to the judge they will be sentenced when they plead court attendants said The report is to assist the court in deciding the sentence Under federal law the maxi mum penalty is 25 years imprison ment or a 510000 fine or both Morgan appeared before U S Commissioner Nathan Levinson Monday forenoon and was ar raigned on the bank robbery charge He waived preliminary hearing as Safford previously had done Marshall Gets Back From Paris Harriman Confers With President for 25 Minutes Washington resident Truman got a report on recovery efforts in Europe Monday pre iminary to a general foreign pol icy review with Secretary of State Marshall Momentous decisions on American policy in China and Europe may hang on the Truman Marshall talks Marshall arrived by plane from Paris at a m CST and was greeted at the airport by the president Catches Rest While Marshall was catching a little rest pending afternoon talks at the white houseMr Truman had in others who help him on foreign policy Averell Harriman the roving ambassador of the economic co operation administration confer red with Mr Truman for 25 min utes Harriman told reporters after ward that he reported to the president that a wave of en thusiasm went across Europe as a result of his election Reports Progress I told him Harriman said a feeling exists in Europe that liberalism is in the ascendency here as against the thought that reactionary tendencies were Harriman also said that he re ported to the president in gen eral terms on the progress being made in Europe under the Euro pean recovery program Hopley Is Resigning Defense Board Post Washington white house announced Monday that Russell Hopley is resigning as di rector of civilian defense plan ning Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Hopley would be replaced by Aubrey Mellinger Mellinger a Chicagoan is chair man of the Chicago plan commis sion and formerly president of the Chicago area of the Bell Tele phone company Hopley of Omaha is president of the North western Bell Telephone company Hormel Pays Under Joint Earning Plan Austin Hormel company Wednesday will pay each of 5764 eligible employes a check equivalent to 7452 times his weekly pay check it was an nounced by H H Corey president of George A Hormel Co The total to be disbursed is 60 The payment is the final year end check provided for under the joint earnings plan instituted by the company 10 years ago Under the plan all income less expense other than labor expense is divided on an established slid ing scale between employes and stockholders The weekly paychecks come out of the employes portion of these earnings Any money in the em ployes portion left over at the end of the year is paid out in additional paychecks The minimum basic weekly pay check for men at the Hormei plant at Austin is S4750 Thus on Wed nesday the least amount a man employe of the plant will receive as his joint earnings check is This is the largest minimum check and the largest total amount of money so distributed in the 10 year history of the Hormel joint earnings plan Reds Cant Believe in God House Committee Declares Washington cannot be a communist and believe in God the house unAmerican ac tivities committee said Monday That the committee added in a summation entitled 100 things you should know about commun ism and religion is the long and the short of it You cannot believe in God and have a peaceable life under com munism the document declared In all their plans and actions the communists mark down religion as enemy No 1 Where they domi nate they attack it head on Where they do not dominate they try to deceive and corrupt from within just as they do in government in education in labor unions and throughout a nations general life The aim ind object of commun ism is always the control over the human mind and body asleep and awake in sick ness and in health from birth to death That is why communism marks religion enemy No 1 Communism cannot dominate family life for example until if has first fought its way past the influence of religion upon the fam ily Communism cannot force its own brand of moral code upon a person without first destroying his moral code rooted in religion Communism cannot make edu cation a weapon in its hands so long as religion is secure in its own right to teach and to educate Communism cannot dominate unless it has the power to remake the life of thepeople It cannot ignore religion and do that The committees report was tn the form of 100 questions it asked and then answered The document is one in a series to be made pub lic between now and the end of the year The others deal with education labor and government Already published 100 Things You Should Know About Communism in the U S A Amvets Choose New Secretary Des Moines Kurtz Council Bluffs was named execu tive secretary of the Iowa Amvets American veterans of World war II Sunday at a meeting here of directors and executive commit teemen He succeeds Paul Mast Cedar Falls who resigned Kurtz will move to the state Amvet headquar ters in Waterloo The Rev Henry B Robbins pas tor St Marys Episcopal church Shenandoah was appointed state chaplain DAYS LGFT   

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