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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 4, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL UV Associated Prew and United Pnra Full Five a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 4 1948 This Paper of Two No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Freedom to Know Firston the List journalistic fraternity this year jn choosing a slogan for the annual Newspaper week hit upon the core of the whole mat ter The slogan is Your right to know is the key to all your liber ties Half of the worlds population as Secretary of State George Mar shall recently pointed out lives under some form of censorship today Denied access to the facts people in countries where censor ship and government control of the press prevail can base their judgments only on halftruths or false information fed to them by those in control The first of the freedoms curbed by Hitler in coming into control in Germany was freedom of the press Communism keeps itself in the saddle in Russia by the same method Theres an iron curtain to keep the remainder of the world from knowing what goes on in Russia but even more to keep the Russians from knowing what goes on in the rest of the world Free Press Goes First Its an historic fact that no peo ple have ever lost their liberties so long as their press remained free Thats why Americans work ing through the United Nations are so determined that the veil of censorship be everywhere lifted so that men may know the truth Ive mentioned freedom of the press In the deeper sense of the matter this is a misnomer Free dom of the press reserved exclusively to me as an editor or to any other editor My freedom and the freedom of other editors to print the truth is based on and secondary to the right of you and your neighbor to KNOW THE TRUTH In other words its a right of the reader not of the editor With this blessing for the indi vidual reader goes a certain re sponsibility Because he isnt handed his opinions cellop Xne sealed from a political faces tht duty of shaping his de cisions the hard way His judg ments should be based on evi dence and facts not on emotion al bias or lazily parroted gener alizations Individual Responsibility Dealing with this important as pect of the matter the New York Herald Tribune had this to say Radio television and the mag azines help in some measure to provide our evidence But tower ing above these media as a com mon carrier of public information of the press the tremendous in fluential dynamic force of the almost 2000 daily and 10000 weekly newspapers published in the U S today Newspaper readers obviously vary Some take their papers lightly as they would a movie a detective story a game Skilled and conscientious readers on the other hand read learn from and evaluate their newspapers to get the most out of them True its very much our own business which newspapers we read and how we read them But we cannot overlook the need for good newspapers and above ail for intelligent reading of good newspapers All the isms that discount and take over the individual thrive best when the people have lost communication with and even de sire for the whole story name ly when theyve lost the knack of weighing the facts and think ing for themselves Self Discipline Essential Yes we in America are free to read whatever newspaper we prefer in whatever manner we choose or to read no newspapers at all But the AP YVirephoto HIS REGIME DOWNS RE against the gov ernment of Jose Luis Busta mante Rivero above was un der control Monday in Callao a Peruvian government announce ment said An official source said the revolt was led by mem bers of peoples party Revolt Ended in Peru Port Ad Rebels Seem to Be Captured Lima Peru troops held full control over the port of Callao Monday after smashing a bloody revolt by sail ors and civilians The insurgents who seized and used the full firepower of war ships and heavily armed naval in stallations at Callao Limas port launched the revolt early Sunday Tank Support By late Sunday night govern ment infantrymen supported by tanks and fighter pianes had root ed the rebels out of their fortified strongholds and apparently had captured them all There was no official indication of the number of casualties or of how many persons took part in the revolt All accounts indicated however that the number of dead and wounded was large An army authority said there were so many casualties that trucks probably would be used to augment ambu lances in carrying them away The rebels first strike occurred about 3 a m police Col Felix Pielago Stagnaro said when about 40 civilians well equipped with navy arms attacked a Callao po lice station A police squad rout ed them Pielago said Seize Academy In rapid order sailors and civ ilians seized the naval academy naval armory Fort Royal Phillip and the national slaughterhouse The government declared a stage of siege and sent large troop contingents to Callao to bolster the army garrison there An army source said the number of killed and wounded at the Callao garri son was heavy because it was at tacked by rebels on shore from warships at sea Reject Red Bid for New Big 4 Meet West Decides to Press Charges Despite Boycott Paris western pow rs rtejected Monday a Russian bid for a new meeting of the Big 4 foreign ministers and decided to aress their charges against Russia n the United Nations despite a oviet boycott threat Andrei Vishinsky soviet deputy oreign minister threatened to oycott the UN security council if t put on its agenda the big 3 charges that the soviet blockade of Berlin imperiled world peace A United States spokesman told he council at its first meeting on he Berlin crisis that his country jreat Britain and France would jo ahead with their case regard ess of the soviet threat The decision to reject the Rus ian proposal for a new big 4 council meeting was reached by the foreign ministers of the west ern powers They were in session at the same time the security council was debating whether to ut the Berlin crisis on its pro gram It adjourned without a de cision ana next time we stroll past a newsstand we might re member this To keep our free dom of the press along with its sister freedoms we Americans may have to discipline ourselves to make the most of it For largely by skilled and con Bcientious use of newspaper can we arm ourselves with the truth about the world in which we live And it is the truth plus the un quenchable desire of free men for the truth which will fortify the human race against tyranny and enslavement View Shared by Leaders Happily this point of view is shared by those in high places in America President Truman in comment Ing on the slogan to which Ive referred Your right to know is the key to all your liberties ex pressed the opinion that fit sums up the principles on which our s republic is founded and the ideals toward which we strive Earl Warren Californias gov ernor and nominee for vice presi dent states that the efficient functioning of a democracy de pends upon the full participation of all our people in public affairs If the contribution which each ol us makes to government is to constructive and intelligent Continued On Pare I Close School After Wreck Aurora Mourns Death of 6 in Auto Crash Aurora Minn UR Schools dosed Monday in tribute to 6 Aurora high school students 4 o them football players killed in an auto accident near Gilbert Minn Two other players critically in jured in the accident were hos pitalized The dead were identified a Donald Putzel 16 reserve playe on the Aurora team Lawrencu Kleimo 17 left guard Tom Sker betz 16 right halfback and Ronald Luoma 16 right guard all of Aurora and Lois Pietila 16 Makinen and Elaine Pesonen 16 Palo Searcher Finds Missing Plane injury Apparently Slight Report Says Miami Fla chartered passenger plane missing since midnight in the Atlantic ocean with 23 persons aboard was found Barkley Accuses GOP of Subterfuge in Campaign at Great Bahamas Monday on the beach riarbor Cay in the islands A coast guard search plane which sighted the stranded DC3 reported it apparently was in good condition It was sitting on the beach of he tiny island 135 miles east of Miami The coast guardsman aboard the search aircraft reported Have located missing plane Position Great Harbor Cay on beach Plane apparently good con dition Personnel injury apparent ly slight Well Known British Art Critic Is Dead Folkestone England ion Harry Spielmann 90 well known art critic and leading Shakespearean scholar at the turn of the century died Sunday Spielmann began writing on art subjects In 1883 and at one time was editor of the art section of the encyclopedia Britannica Weather Report FORECAST Mason fair and cool Monday night Low Monday night 40 Partly cloudy and a little warmer Tuesday with high 68 Iowa Fair and slightly warmer Monday night Tuesday increas ing cloudiness and warmer fol lowed by showers west portion Low Monday night 3842 north east 4852 southwest Minnesota Fair and warmer Mon day night Tuesday partly cloudy Warmer east with few scattered showers extreme wes late Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 63 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Monday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 47 Death by Violence Comes to 70 lowans Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Ten lowans met violent deaths over the weekend Near Knoxville Robert JeWitt 7 died in a carpedestrian acci dent when he ran into the road from the farmyard of his home At Manson Harold Musselman 18 Manson was killed when struck by a train At Avoca Albert Russell 64 Ayoca was killed in a carpedes trian accident Near Alden Francis J Thielen 19 Williams died when the car in which he was riding went out of control At Lake Mary near Alexandria Minn Cecil C Beadle and Alfred Thoren both about 50 of Des Moines drowned when their boat capsized In Des Moines John Peter Mc Cann 21 drowned in his bathtub after suffering what Coroner A E Shaw said was apparently an epileptic attack At Dubuque Mark Pinkert 4 and his sister Jeanne 2J suffo cated in the smoke filled study ot St Marks Lutheran church where their father the Rev Max Pink ert is pastor At Council Bluffs Mickey Wil son 4 son of Mr and Mrs Ervin Wilson died in a barn fire on the Wilson place 2000 LISTENERS IN of 2000 persons stood in Mason Citys Central park Monday noon to hear an address by Senator Alben W Barkley of Kentucky demo cratic nominee for vice president of the United States In GloueGazette Photos addition the speech was broadcast by one radio station and recorded for 2 others who were to rebroadcast it later The picture was taken as Senator Barkley was speaking SAME DATE Black tlmg mnmt 24 TOP DEMOCRATS democrats of Iowa were on the speakers platform in Central park to honor Senator Barkley on his visit to Mason City Here Guy M Gillette Cherokee candidate for U S senator from Iowa a position he held for 12 years is shown introducing Senator Bark ley The front row on the speakers platform included Fred Biermann Decorah U S marshal and former congress man and Dr Sterling A Barber Cerro Gordo county demo cratic chairman both hidden behind Gillette A M Schanke Mason City candidate for Cerro Gordo county representative Dan J P Ryan Parkersburg candidate for congress from the 3rd district Senator Barkley Car roll 0 Switzer Des Moines candidate for governor of Iowa and Iver Christofferson Cedar Falls candidate for lieutenant governor WELCOME SENATOR Howard W Bruce is greeting Senator Barkley just after the democratic vice presidential nominee stepped from his chartered air liner at the municipal airport From left to right are Sen ator Barkley Dr Sterling W Barber county democratic chairman A M Schanke democratic nominee for state representative from Cerro Gordo county Mayor Bruce and Verne A Mettler Candidate Speaks in Mason City Says Party Pits Farmers interests Against Consumers While not daring openly to ad vocate the repeal of democratic farm legislation the republicans have attacked instead indirectly and with subterfuge Senator Al ben W Barkley of Kentucky de clared in a speech at Mason City Monday noon The democratic nominee for vice president accused the repub lican leadership directly of trying to pit the interests of the farmer against consumers They have said to the consum ers that price supports have caused high prices At the same time they have told the farmers that they are for price supports in principle The truth is that whenever the interests of the farmers conflict with the purposes of the special interests which control the repub lican party those special interests will be Senator Barkley added the fol lowing indictments The republicans have sought to limit the rural electrification ad ministration through a limitation of appropriations They have hampered the com modity credit corporation by lim iting its authority to increase its storage capacity In doing so they have cost the grain producers of this area hundreds of thousands of dollars by forcing them to sell their crops at distress prices They have limited the practical effectiveness nf the farmers home corporation They have refused to ratify the international wheat agreement de pite the suport of that agreement by all major farm organizations The state of Iowa provides as dramatic an example of the suc cess of the democratic farm poli cies as can be found in America the speaker said Forced to Poverty It was in this state that the failure of 12 years of republican rule was most sharply emphasized at the end of the Hoover admin istration It was here that the farmers forced to poverty and dispair banded together io save what was left of their homes and farms from the tidal wave of fore closure which was engulfing this entire area The return of democratic ad ministration in 1932 halted that decline In the 16 years since we aave witnessed the rise of farm income to unprecedented heights from 5 billion dollars in 1932 to 30 billion dollars today The state of Iowa has had a large share in that We have witnessed a rise in the value of farms farm buildings and equipment to a record one hundred billion And much of thai value is in this state of Iowa Senator Barkley closed with the HELLO MASON CITY Senator Alben W Barkley waves a greeting to Mason Cityans as he enters a car at the municipal airport for the ride to the Hotel Hanford In the back seat Dr Sterling W Barber Cerro Gordo coun ty democratic central committee chairman left and Bert Jeck Atlantic democratic national committeeman for Iowa Warren to Be Sentenced on Oct 29 Waterloo Wilbert War ren 27 convicted of riot conspir acy is scheduled to be sentenced Oct 29 and defense attorneys say they will appeal to the supreme court if a new trial is denied The CIO Packinghouse Work ers picket captain during the Rath Packing company strike was the first to be tried of 11 indicted on riot conspiracy charges in connec tion with violence at the plant here May 19 in which a picket was killed Warren remains at liberty under bond At the time the jury announced it was ready to report Saturday Warren had gone to a movie house to rest The jury reported only a short time after the judge directed the 8 women and 3 men to get some sleep One of the women jurors was reported to be ill but she was present when the verdict was read More than 2 billion nickels were minted in the first 75 years of their use Berkley Calls 80th Congress Most Reactionary and Callous The 80th congress may not have been the worst in history as President Truman described it but in Senator Alben W Barkleys opinion it is the most reactionary callous and cynical in its attitude toward agriculture and labor and any other segment except big business Asked at his press conference Monday whether he shared the presidents view of congress the Kentucky senator and democratic vice presidential candidate ad mitted the congresses went back in history beyond his memory But in his 38 years in congress Senator Barkley said this is the worst Ive known and served in Expects New Faces He expects many new faces in congress next to provide democratic control of both houses he said He refused to pre dict how many votes the Dixie crats would have in congress but I hope they wont get any Mr Trumans running mate fol lowed the presidents lead in lam basting the republican congress throughout his stay in Mason City He singled out the senate com mittee whose republican majority killed the house approved bill for shipment of surplus grain to Eu ope under tho Marshall plan Isolationism The committees republican ma jority report against the bill in dicates not only their lack of con cern for the American farmer Barkley contended but also their isolationist tendencies The republicans deliberately refused to stop the inflationary spiral last summer he added They refused to give the president the powers asked to deal with the problem through any existing agency The senator and Carroll O Swit zer Des Moines democratic nom inee for governor of Iowa fol lowing a morning press conference met in turn witli groups represent ing the League of Women Voters the CIO the AFL the Farmers Union and the Farm Bureau Storm Boils Toward Coast of Florida Miami Fla ff Southeast storm warnings were hoisted Mon day from Miami southward over the Florida Keys and to Fort Meyers Fla as a tropical storm developed in the Caribbean sea Highest winds reported were 50 miles an hour in squalls but weather bureau storm forecasters were concerned because of its swift development and a critical Hood situation in south Florida warning that you can expect nothing more from a republican victory than a chipping away at the solid rock of democratic farm legislation which now supports the security and prosperity of 6 million American farm families Speaker Introduced The speaker was introduced by Guy M Gillette Cherokee former U S senator from Iowa and a candidate for return to that office He suggested that Iowa this year is celebrating its emancipation from political slavery since it has been host to President Truman closely followed by the republi can candidate for president Today we have with us tho democratic candidate for vice president of the United States he pointed out Soon we will have with us the republican can didate for vice president and later the vice presidential candidate of the 3rd party Iowa has come into its own Carroll O Switzer Des Moines democratic candidate for governor of Iowa spoke briefly before Sen ator Gillette He called attention to the surplus in the state treasury and suggested that the sales tax should be reduced Approximately 2000 persons heard the address in Central park Switzer Is Speaker Switzer was the principal speaker at a luncheon in Senator Barkleys honor following the rally in the park He expressed his opposition to the county assessor bill including the Bcardsley amendment which would give life tenure to the deputy county as sessors He pointed out that the stale of Iowa has more employes than ever before in its history awl if elected promised that within 90
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