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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 9, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O W A N S NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Ufllu VOL LIV Associated Preci and United Frew Full LeaM Wires Five Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 9 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Books Are Greatest Boon to Civilization OOK in almost any reference work of a statistical nature and youll find Iowa heading the list of states with respect to liter acy What this means is that a larger proportion of its people can read and write than in any other of Americas 48 common wealths t But its mighty easy to place some wholly fallacious interpre tations on that statistical fact For one thing the fact thai more lowans CAN read doesnt mean that more lowans DO read than in any other state a thing Ill dis cuss with you later in this com mentary Another thing the Iowa liter acy rate isnt as we like to think attributable even a superior system of education A more important factor in the total picture is racial origins Our immigrants are fewer and they happen to have come from a more enlightened part of the old world They Do They Now to get back to the question of whether lowans DO read There are doubtless a number of criteria but none is more depend able than their access to books And on this test our showing isnt too good Just to get down to cases lets make a little comparison with our good neighbors to the eastIlli nois In Iowa 44 per cent of the total population is without library service in Illinois only 24 per cent of the population is lacking library service Or if we want to approach the subject from another angle the Iowa per capita expenditure for books is between 25 and 50 cents while our Illinois neighbors aver age between 50 cents and per twice as much as the Iowa per capita expenditure for books Manure Over Literature John Gunther in his chapter on Iowa in Inside USA opened up with this observation Three million yearly for manure but not one cent for literature What he had in mind of course was that 77 per cent of Iowas RURAL population are without library facilities The picture Ive presented thus far isnt very pretty It gives rise to the question Is the situation hopeless And my quick answer is that it is not thanks to our last Jowans are in a position to have exactly the kind of book service they desire and at low cost Under the terms of this county library law enacted by the 1947 legislature the people of any county not presently served by a library are given the power to establish a comprehensive library service In situations where econ omy and efficiency suggest it 2 counties may join in the project Books Closer at Hand With the county library setup the accessibility of books to the average reader is much greater than is the case with existent libraries for 2 reasons One the books are dispersed to local depositories throughout the area served 2 Bookmobile facilities are a logical development In passing this enabling act pur Iowa legislators were carry ing out an admonition voiced by Thomas Jefferson more than a century and a half ago I have often thought that noth ing could do more extensive good at small expense than the estab lishment of a small circulating library in every county to consist of a few well chosen books to be lent to the people under such regulations as would secure their safe return in due time Even Mississippi Leads Other states have caught this Jeffersonian ideal ahead of Iowa Already Ive mentioned Illinois I could mention Massachusetts where every citizen has access to library service or New Hampshire and Wyoming where only 1 per cent of the people lack library even benighted Miss issippi where only 15 per cent of the with 44 in library service Obviously its up to Iowa to make up for lost we have at our command the ma chinery with which to do this very thing Lets get down to cases and see exactly how we can bring books to that 77 per cent of our rural Iowa which now wants for library service First of all there must be some minute men and women who are sufficiently inter ested in the matter to give it some time and attention They must study their local situation and lay their plans Per Capita Minimum One thing they must decide is whether they are able to finance a good library alone or whether they should join with their county or with another county to form a library district A minimum of per capita is required to maintain I an adequate library service Many people living in the 313 Iowa cities and towns now served by their own libraries are quite with their present service will not wish to join a county Continued On Pace2 of the 3 candidates for speaker of the next Iowa house of representatives are shown here They are Rep Fred Schwengel Davenport left who an nounced his candidacy Friday and Rep W H Nicholas Mason City who made his announcement at the close of Governors Days Sunday at Clear Lake The 3rd candidate at Clear Lake for the celebration was Rep M F Hicklin Wapello who confirmed that he is in the running Rec ognized as the principal contender is G T Gus Kuester Griswold who occupied the chair in the last session and has the backing of William S Beardsley New Virginia republican nominee for governor W H Nicholas Candidate for House Speaker Stressing that it is not a lealthy condition for the 3 top lieutenant gover nor and speaker of the to come from one geographical locality the southwest quarter of the state W H Nicholas Mason City has announced his candi dacy for the speakership in the 1949 Iowa tives house of representa Nicholas who served in the last legislature and is republican can didate for reelection from Cerro Gordo county said in a written statement that he had not ex pected to announce until after the November election but as others have announced I now feel free to present my candidacy G T Gus Kuester Griswold speaker in the last session has announced and is reported to have the backing of William S Beards ley New Virginia republican nominee for governor I am nota drafted candidate nor am I sponsored by any pow erful political group Nicholas stated I have entered this con test on my own volition but with the sincere support of my many friends I feel that the people of the state of Iowa whom I would rep resent as speaker have a right to choose a man for that important office who is not tied to any or ganization group or person I have made no commitments and shall not make any commit ments Renew Effort to End Strike Union Rejects Univis Proposal Dayton Ohio Lou is Lohrey renewed his efforts Monday to settle the 97dayold strike at the Univis Lens Co after company officials rejected a 2 point proposal acceptable to the United Electrical Workers Union leaders promised there would be no mass demonstrations at the plant scene of much vio lence between police and pickets The mayor said there would be very few police perhaps 10 or 12 on hand when the workers returned Only 2 Ohio national guard observers remained of the which kept peace and order here last week City officials conferred with leaders of other Dayton unions who said they were very anxious to end the strike and would help arrange another meeting of Univis company and union leaders Traffic Toll Up to 280 on Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Iowas traffic toll rose to 280 over the weekend Two deaths resulted from an accident near Fairfax Sunday and a 3rd involved the death of 7 monthsold Sue Dudek when the car driven by her mother Mrs Donald Dudek of near Marion overturned on a country road The 4th death was the after math of an accident last Friday Linn County Sheriff James H Smith identified the victims of the Fairfax accident as Mrs Grace Nicoli 49 and Lawrence Caldwell 32 bothof Cedar Rapids At Creston Woodrow Eastman of Pekin III died Sunday of in juries suffered in the headon col lision of 2 autos near Mt Ayr Friday The accident earlier had claimec the life of Paul S Morgan 53 of Kansas City Four other people were hospitalized with injuries suffered in accident Jews Charged in Shooting of American Jerusalem States onsul General John C MacDon ald Monday charged the Jews with deliberately wounding an American consular guard on Sat urday MacDonald said the shooting of Joseph Przytowski 28 of Chester a was a deliberate act by the Jews The guard riding in a consu ar car with 5 other guards being ransferred to Cairo was wound ed in the right arm The car was on its way to Kalandia airfield n charge of Consul William C Burdett Jr MacDonald who already has protested the shooting to Bernard Joseph military governor of Jew ish Jerusalem said he would send a 2nd note to the military governor Joseph has not yet re Dlied to the first message 2 Americans Arrested by Red Soldiers 1 Officer Civilian Reported Captured at Zonal Check Point Franfurt Germany Two Americans were reported Monday to have been arrested Aug 5 in the Russian zone and have not been released The Americans one an officer from Council Bluffs Iowa and the other a civilian were reported to have been arrested after cross ing into the soviet zone at Mell richstadt 75 miles east of Frank furt They were identified by un official army sources as 1st Lt Sherman S Turner of the U S military governments civil affairs division in Berlin and Roland Myers a war department civilian Park Car The 2 Americans were said to have parked their automobile at the border and then to have cross Reds Ask Police to Fin Schoolteacher ed through the Mellrichstadt According to check point at their German driver who stayed in the Ameri can zone the Americans were ar rested by Russian soldiers When they failed to come back the driver reported their absence to U S military government Unofficial sources said the Americans still are detained Turner is assigned as military government officer at Bad Kis singen The home town of Myers was not learned here Promise Release Turners wife said the Russians aave promised to release both on he USSoviet border at noon Tuesday The 2 of them went out Thurs day to check on German police patrols I believe Mrs Turn er said The U S Constabulary had been pulled off border duty he same day Later their Ger man driver reported they had seen arrested by the Russians The border is not marked in he area she said After they had walked about 60 feet from heir car 2 Russians jumped out Ray Kittleson Asks for Injuries Suit for has been started in district court here by Ray Kittleson a former employe of Jacob E Decker and Sons who asks damages of the American District Telegraph company in connection with injuries suffered on May 14 1947 Kittleson claims that he suf fered a broken spine in several places when struck by John K Cunningham who fell through a skylight on the Decker plant while installing an automatic electric signalling system for the tele raph company He claims to have i permanently malformed spine and body deformity because of the accident His claim includes for hospital and doctor bills for future doctor and hospital bills for pain and suffer ing in the past for pain and suffering in the future for past loss of earnings for a 50 per cent loss of earning power for the remainder of his life Negotiations Open Between Packinghouse Workers Morrell Firm Ottumwa Negotiations opened Monday between John Morrell Co representatives and Internationa of United Pack inghouse Workers CIO The contract now effective ex pires Wednesday Negotiations for a new contract were broken off abruptly after less than a days meeting 2 weeks ago At that time local union officials said they could not accept company pro posals The negotiations were reopenec at request of the union which was represented by Ralph Baker o Kansas City and A T Stephens o Des Moines SUI GETS GRANT Washington iP The stat University of Iowa is one of 8f medical arid educational institu tions receiving a federal grant fo mental health research and train ing of mental health personnel SAME BlMk fUf MMM Im at them with machineguns arrested them and British Storm Damages Crops London fP Storms of the weekend flattened British crops flooded wide areas and caused at least 5 deaths Despite clearing weather heavy seas still pounded the east and southeast coasts and severe local storms struck in Kent and Sussex The fate of a bumper grain har vest the best in 5 years hinges on weather this week Hundreds of acres in the east and south were knocked flat Much may have to go to livestock Crash Victim Alive Through Own Action Minneapolis UR Edward ourval 29 Rogers City Mich was alive Monday because he held his torn throat together with his hands after an automobile colli sion Courval was hurled through the windshield of the car in which he was a passenger when it hit another car Saturday He held his slashed throat until General hos pital surgeons arrived and sewed it together with 26 stitches Perlo Denies Violation of Laws of U S Refuses to Say Whether He Ever Was Communist Washington Perlo accused of slipping wartime gov ernment secrets to red spies as serted Monday that he had never violated the laws or interests of my country He denounced the charges as inventions of irre sponsible sensation seekers Perlo took the witness stand before the house unAmerican activities digging into stories that soviet espionage rings have hon eycombed the capital Elizabeth T Bentley self termed excommunist spy re peated her testimony that Perlo headed one of 2 groups of govern cent officials passing secrets to the reds And she said it is ex tremely likely that there were numerous other such groups Refuses to Answer Perlo refused on constitutional grounds to say whether he knew Miss Bentley or whether he ever was a communist Perlo readily testified that he has had a long term of service in various government agencies He said he is an economist at head quarters of the new progressive party in New York City But basing his refusal on con stitutional grounds he refused to answer question after question Reads Statement After long questioning he was allowed to read a prepared state ment In it he declared that the lurid spy charges of the Bentley woman and of Chambers Whit taker Chambers who said Perlo was a red underground leader are inventions of irresponsible sensa tion seekers Perlo said a ground jury had in vestigated and found no basis for indictments on the charges and it is the height of legal and moral impropriety for the committee to dig up charges fully sifted by normal judicial processes Miss Bentley 40 year old Vassar graduate repeated testimony that 2 groups of wartime officials aid ing the spy ring with information were headed by Perlo and Nathan Gregory SilveEmaster SiLvermas ter has entered a general denial saying he never wasa spy but re fusing to say if he ever was a com munist Western Envoys Confer With Molotov More Than 3 Hours Moscow of United States Britain and France conferred in the Kremlin with Foreign Minister Molotov more than 3 hours Monday It was the 3rd such conference in a week and was believed con cerned with the Berlin blockade and other problems in the range of differences between the west and east The envoys left the Kremlin at p m and went to the British embassy for another conference Advisory staffs of all 3 missions were at the embassy awaiting their arrival U S Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith led the procession into the Russian seat of government at p m He was followed by Frank Roberts special British en voy and Private Secretary to For eign Secretary Ernest Bevin and by Frank Ambassador Yves Chataigneu Smith conferred with Roberts more than a hour before going to the Kremlin Chapman Kentucky Demos Choice for U S Senator Louisville Ky November poltical lineup jelled Monday with the virtually com pleted results in party primaries focusing on the race for United States senator Virgil Chapman a veteran of 22 years congressional service held as eemingly safe lead for the democratic senatorial nomination to oppose Senator John Sherman Cooper republican Cooper now holds the senate seat which is at stake for a full 6year term He won his renom ination without an organized cam paign AP Wirephoto M Frascht 22 missing from his farm home near Nashua since Aug 1 has been located at the Mayo Clinic at Rochester Nashua Man Is Found at Mayo Clinic Nashua M Frascht 22 missing from his home 4 miles west of here since Aug 1 was dis covered Sunday night registered a the Mayo clinic Rochester Minn The Floyd county sheriffs of fice brought into the search las St Laurent to Take King Post in 3 Months Ottawa Liberal narty sources said Monday that JLouis Stephen St Laurent minister of external affairs and newly elected leader of the party will take over as prime minister within 2 or 3 months St Laurent was elected succes sor to Premier W L Mackenzie King on Saturday just 29 years to the day after Kings own elec tion to leadership of the party Undecided on Acceptance of Labor Post Washington UR Spokesmen for all branches of organized la bor Monday praised the selection of Maurice J Tobin as secretary labor But Tobin wasnt sure he wanted job The former governor of Massa chusetts and mayor of Boston said he will visit President Truman within the next few days and talk it over He must choose be tween the cabinet post and a chance to run again for the gov ernorship I am not said To of the honor conferred on me by the leader of our demo cratic party but I am still a can didate fnr governor of Massa chusetts A German chemist made the first DDT the powerful insecti cide that became so popular after its intensive use by the United States Army in World war II Vtonday by the youths parents Mr and Mrs Bernard Frascht raced him through a check writ ten on a Greene Iowa bank Young Frascht not heard from since he drove out of Nashua las Sunday evening said he had gone to the clinic for treatment of sinus trouble He said he did not know a search was being made for him the sheriffs office reported Disappears After FBI I nterview Samarin Wanted by Soviet for Return to Native Land New York York po ice at the request of the soviet consulate asked New Jersey police VTonday to produce a Russian born schoolteacher who told his tory to the FBI Sunday The teacher Michael Ivanovitch Samarin 40 and his wife and 3 children are at Farm Rova op erated by a White Russian anti communist group near Cassville N J the consulate told police New Jersey state police said however that they had checked Farm Rova and found no trace of Samarin or members of his family The house unAmerican affairs committee has expressed an in terest in Samarin His wherea bouts had been cloaked in secrecy after he obtained a voluntary in terview with the FBI Sunday The police message sent to Toms River N J state police head quarters quoted the Russian con sulate as saying it would prosecute if the Samarin family was de tained at the farm against its will Deputy Chief Police Inspector Edward Mullins conferred 45 min utes with Soviet Consul General Jacob M Lomakin on Samarin Check Every Person Mullins said are now going to check every person and thing connected with the Samarin case He said he planned to talk to the FBI about it Soviet officials have been seek ing to return the teacher to his native land Samarin came here to teach in a school for children of Russian members of the United Nations delegation FBI officials declined Sunday to discuss the nature of their talks with Samarin but they said he was not in custody Told that the house unAmeri can activities committee in Wash now is engaged in West Branch Prepares for Hoover Visit West Branch Citizens Monday were putting final touches on preparations for the allIowa celebration here Tuesday at which former President Herbert C Hoover will return to the town of his birth to celebrate his 74th birthday anniversary The of 700 had a festive air with special lunch stands and drinking fountains in place to ac commodate visitors who are urged to join in a noon picnic on the Hoover birthplace grounds The chief item on the menu at Hoovers piciiic table will his own fried chicken Several thousand visitors are expected The formal program will begin at 1 p m The ex president will speak about p m STINGIEST MAN Los Angeles Bernice Claxton had a divorce Monday on her complaint De Weight Claxton was so stingy he made her un screw light bulbs in their home to save wear and tear on the switches probing communist espionage op to talk to Sa marin an FBI spokesman said I am sure he can be found if he is wanted Resting Meanwhile another Russian school teacher Mrs Oksana Step anovna Koserikina who became the center of a melodramatic tug ofwar between soviet officials and a white Russian anticom munist group Saturday was re ported resting at the soviet con sulate here The New York Times Monday quoted Samarin as saying I dont wish to go back to the Soviet Un ion and am placing myself under the protection of the American government and American public opinion The Times quoted the teacher as denouncing the party police and governmental machinery of the Soviet Union The newspaper quoted Samarin as saying in a statement that he believes present soviet policies are creating an atmosphere for a 3rd World war STEAMER LIGHTS Losie antique car fan wearing duster sets a match to acetylene headlights prior to driving his 1910 steamer into the city auto testing sta tion in Portland Ore While new sleek models failed his 38 year old car got okay stick ers Mrs Losie is in the seat Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and a little warmer Tuesday Low Monday night 65 High Tuesday 85 Iowa Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers over most of state Monday night and Tues day Low Monday night 6268 Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night with scattered showers or thundershowers north and central portions Warmer north east portion Tuesday partly cloudy slightly warmer pre ceded by showers northeast por tion in forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 64 At 8 a m Monday 67 Precipitation 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum 67 Restrictions on Consumer Credit Slated Washington next month youll be paying at least onethird down on automobiles A 1 refrigerators up and radios and the bill within 18 cleaning months That is if President Truman signs the republican antiinflation bill as he is expected to The measure passed by congress on Saturday gives the federal re serve board authority to restrict installment buying by consumers as it did during and immediately after the war The new controls will affect credit purchases of automobiles mechanical refrigerators washing machines radios and numerous other consumer items Goods cost ing less than will not be cov ered by the order Mrs Miller May Run as Independent for Secretary of State Des Moines UR Mrs Ruby Miller Des Moines said Monday she may run as an independent candidate for secretary of state in the Nov 2 general election Mrs Miller was top votegetter among the 8 candidates for the republican nomination in June but did not receive 35 per cent of the vote
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