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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 27, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS VOL UV Associated Press and United Press full Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 27 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One No Z49 AP Wirephoto PRESIDENT Truman presents his program before the special ses sion of congress Monday Seated in front of the flag at left are Senate President Pro Tern Arthur H Vandenberg left and House Speaker Joseph W Martin The audience included cabinet members members of the diplomatic corps and of both houses of con Police Force in Berlin to Face Split Soviets Challenge Power of Socialist City Government Berlin police forces as well as 2 police chiefs appeared in prospect Tuesday for blockaded Berlin Communists directly challenged the authority of the socialistcon trolled city government Paul Markgraf communisttrained po lice president told the elected municipal government it could not suspend him because he had the support of the soviet army The city government ordered him re moved Monday Markgraf said he would refuse to yield his office in central police headquarters to Socialist Johannes Stumm his former deputy whom the city government has appointed as his succeasor Powers Meet Central police headquarters is in the soviet sector Thus the prospect arose that the 3 western powers might decide to establish a central police headquarters in their occupation sectors where preside The 3 Demands Check on Rise in Living Costs gress French Vote for Cabinet Marie Has Confidence of National Assembly Paris ff The national as sembly Tuesday voted 330 to 191 its willingness to let the new cabi net of Premier Andre Marie begin working on Frances grave prob lems at once No formal vote of confidence was demanded by the moderate conservative premier but the deputies realized they were voting for or against the government Marie asked the deputies to postpone debate on the govern ments general policy so 4t could get to work on the grave prob lems France must solve The communists like the de Gaullists not represented in the new gov irnment had demanded the de bate De Gaullists abstained Marie will meet a sterner test next week when he is expected to request decree powers for non political economic matters Maries new cabinet presented to Socialist President Vincent Aur iol Tuesday contains no commun ists and no extreme right follow ers of Gen Charles De Gaulle It is made up of party members who favor the causes of the western allies To Tell Russia Blockade Violation of UN Charter Stumm western would allied commanders of Road Worker Dies When Run Over 4y Trail Dump Urbana Markwell of North English a xoad worker was killed instantly Monday morning when he was run over by a trail dump being used to grade high way 101 a short distance west of Urbana Markwell and Ray Vergason of Urbana operating a road main tainer had just pulled the trail dump operated by Jerry Hendryx of Center Point from the mud Markwell detached the tow ca ble from the trail dump secured it to the maintainer and then stepped backward into the path of the trail dump according to a Benton county deputy sheriff Woman Dies After Falling From Car DubuQue IP Mrs George Hunt 35 Sageville who tumbled to the pavement of highway 52 from an automobile Saturday night died in a hospital here Tuesday Her husband who was driving was not held sheriff Leo Martin The seriff said it was be lieved she fell or jumped The coroner has not reported on the case Driver Killed When Coal Truck Overturns Ottumwa UR Merle Moody 42 Oskaloosa died here Tuesday of injuries received Monday when his truck loaded with 8 tons of coal overturned on the highway near here Moody said he had swerved to avoid hitting a calf and the truck went out of control London UR Authoritative sources said Tuesday night that the western powers were expected to tell the soviet government this week that the blockade of Berlin violates the United Nations char ter Subject to government approval the westerners will make their next approach to the Russians through a verbal message deliv ered to Foreign Minister V M Molotov Conference Ends Such was a decision reached at a conference of American British and French representatives which wound up here Tuesday The western powers were un derstood to have agreed that eventually they might have to come around to a 4power confer ence or take their case to the United Nations Postpone Move But at this stage the west has to postpone any move to ward the immediate renewal of council of foreign ministers con tact or toward an appeal to the United Nations The west considers the Berlin blockade a specific violation of that part of article 2 which obli gates members to settle their dis putes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered Say American Air Strength Trails Soviet Wiesbaden air force officers said Tuesday that the United States is hopelessly outnumbered in1 the air by the Russians in Germany despite re cent reinforcements American strength is at an all time low even with the 16 jet fighters which recently flew the Atlantic ferry route these officers said They estimated American fight ers at 75 In addition there are about 30 Superfortresses in Ger many The Russians are believed to have about 700 first class fight ers and a fleet of between 200 and 300 heavy bombers Not only is America lacking in air strength the officers said but there are not enough trained per sonnel to service planes already here Berlin met and were believed dis cussing the police crisis Keep Silent The Russians maintained silence for the moment on the American and British retaliation of Monday in stopping train traffic into and from the soviet zone of Germany A Dutch government spokesman however expressed regret in The Hague The western air lift flying food and supplies into Berlin to beat the Russian land block continued apace The Americans rounded out their 1st month of the flying for eign service Monday with 288 flights carrying 1629 tons of food Union Ousts Communists NMU Places Right Wingers in Office New York the 1st time in 12 years the National Mari time Union CIO was entirely free of communist control Tues day National election results showed that the NMUs 60000 members had voted right wingers into all 32 posts of the national council and had returned President Joseph Cmran to office by a 3 to 1 mar gin Curran said the vote indicated that the NMU wanted their union to function as a trade union and not as an organization stooging for a political party He indicated he would press a drive to purge communists from the union the NMU official news paper The Pilot the educational department and even the office staff Duncan Wall Now Information Head for UN Division Washington Wall is the new director of information of the food and agriculture organ ization of the United Nation Wall information officer in the department of agriculture is a native of Kansas and worked on newspapers in that state Iowa and Oklahoma Iowa Falls Film Star in Divorce Los Angeles Mere dith film actress from Iowa Falls who is serving a prison term for the kidnapbeating of her former manager Nick Gianaclis has been named in a divorce suit filed by Mrs Vera Gianaclis Mrs Gianaclis testified Miss Meredith had told her my hus band has been wonderful to her and she couldnt stay away from him Miss Meredith was sentenced to a womens prison here last Jan uary after she was convicted on charges she hired 3 men to abduct Gianaclis and beat him The state charged the affair was engineered by the actress in revenge over a financial dispute with Gianaclis 25 Year Olds to Be Taken 1st in Draft 5000 men to Be Processed in 1st 6 Months of Program Washington elective Service Director Lewis B Hershey announced Tuesday that 25 year old men will be drafted first Other age groups will be taken in order of their registration he said He told newsmen that approxi mately 5000 men will be processed in the first 6 months of the pro gram beginning with the 25year olds and working down through those in the 22 year age brackets Out of the 5000000 men to be processed in age groups 2225 in clusive Hershey estimated that only about 70000 would be actu ally subject to peacetime service of 21 months He called attention to the fact that deferments for various reasons would cut down the number of men available No Figures The draft director said he has not yet received word from the army as to when or how many men they will require He told a news conference last week that the first call probably will not be issued before October 1 Hershey said that if the army should ask for 30000 men on the first call selective service prob ably would have to dip down into 23 year olds to get that many He said he doubts that more than 8 000 25yearolds are available for service Starts Aug 30 Registration of the 25yearolds GOP Leaders Call Truman Speech Purely Political Washington Republican congressional leaders jumped on President Trumans message Tues day as purely political They promised a statement by nightfall on party policy toward the presi dents recommendations There was talk of adjournment within 2 weeks of the special ses sion Mr Truman called on housing and cost of living legislation Rep resentative Allen RI11 chair man of the rules committee open ly favored that course Full of Inaccuracies Senator Taft ROhio said The presidents message is full of inaccuracies and omissions on the subjects of high prices and housing It would take 6 months to consider this whole program This only emphasizes the fact that the session is called solely for political purposes Senator Barkley Mr Trumans running mate I think it is attainable if congress will take it and go to work on it The need is certainly here and 1 thought it was admirably pre sented Certainly Right Senator Sparkman DAla The president was certainly righ in putting inflation as the No problem I think we are headed for a bust unless we do something to control it Senator George Its just a restatement Its not work for a short session Its work for a year iC done thoroughly Senator Wherry RNebr said he message was purely politi al Recruiting Sergeant Gets Man in Service Then Rents His House Erie Pa Sgt Vin cent Petroski father of 3 chil dren needed a house The sergeant who is recruiting for the army started to sell Sari Easton 23 on the army Easton mentioned he had a 5room nouse Petroski really poured on the steam Now Easton is in the army And Petroski has his house Truman Asks Control on Price Ceiling President Also Calls for Excess Profits Tax Rationing Power starts August 30 Succeeding age groups will register in September ending with the 18yearolds on September 18 Hershey stressed that all men in the 1825 age brackets must regis ter unless they are on active duty in the armed services Veterans and members of the national guard and other reserve units are re quired to register he said He added that selective service has not yet written regulations to gov ern deferments Postal Clerk Caught in Embezzlement for Horse Race Betting Los Angeles Clerk Andrew O Benson 40 was held Tuesday after admitting he lost in federal funds on the horses at Hollywood park during the past 3 months Benson chief clerk at the Ingle wood Cat postoffice said he jug gled accounts to embezzle the money He was arrested Monday I got in so far I couldnt get out he said A veteran of 20 years with the postoffice department Benson was held under bail pend ing grand jury action Packinghouse Workers Plan Wage Parley Ottumwa United Packinghouse Workers at the John Morrell and company pack ing plant here will meet Tuesday night to discuss a proposed new wage agreement and union stew ards will plan possible strike strategy Companyunion negotiations on the agreement were broken off last Friday after the company report edly declined to negotiate a con tract covering both its plants here and in Topeka Kans The present agreement expires Aug 11 The company was tied up for 75 days in the nationwide packinghouse workers strike last spring The company said continuation of the present contract would ser iously cripple our operations It charged loafing and excess time spent in restrooms Congressman Keeps Getting Dollar Bills Washington UR Rep John McDowell RPa would like to know what mailing list he is on that produces all those dollar bills So far he said Tuesday he has received a couple of dozen en velopes each inclosing a dollar No message or signature is in cluded The dollars arrive in the mai sporadically McDowell said They are postmarked from various cities in Pennsylvania I dont know what to do witl the money so I just turn it ovei to the first person I meet whc needs it McDowell reported President Tosses Racial Issue Back Into Lap of Congress STILL HAS CAR Milwaukee UR A man whc called in police to investigate triple theft had one consolatioi Tuesday He still had his auto mobile But missing were his wife roomer and Work Renewed at Lens Firm Police Allow Entry Through Picket Line Dayton Ohio forced a wedge through a picket line at the strikebound Univis Lens Co plant Tuesday to permit employes to return to work In scuffles which followed one nonstriker was knocked down by a picket He was treated at the ompany clinic The dress of a voman nonstriker was ripped Seven pickets were arrested in luding one who had been taken nto custody in disorders Monday Stench bombs again scented the atmosphere In previous disorders at the plant police had reported a chemical smelling like skunk oil had beensprayed about the picket Washington IP President Truman Tuesday demanded limit ed price control and an excess profits tax to help check the rising cost of living and avert another great depression The President coupled a reiter ated plea for power to hold wages in line with his price control re commendation And he personally confronted the politically hostile 80th congress with 6 other pro posed brakes on them a return to credit restrictions and standby rationing authority Even before he spoke GOP leaders made clear that Mr Tru man could pin no real hope for action on more than one or 2 mi Sees Chance for Action on Tax Washington Milli on RColo ruled out Tuesday any chance for action on Presi dent Trumans request for an ex cess profits tax Mr Truman listed this at the top of his 8point antiinflation program but Millikin chairman of the taxwriting senate finance lommittee told a reporter In my judgment there is not a chance for an excess profits tax Such a tax would shut off an es sential source of capital necessao for production Therefore an ex cess profits tax would lessen pro duction and increase shortage1 and prices Millikin said there also is nc chance this year for action upon social security revision urged by the president Emerson Univis vice me Stanley president estimated that by mid morning about 300 hourly rated employes had returned to work The plant normally employs about 650 workers BULLETIN Princeton Ind ex plosion ripped through Indi anas biggest coal shaft mine near here Tuesday and it was reported there were 18 to 25 men trapped in the shaft nor points in his message Hits Living Costs The chief executive hit hardest at the rising cost of living But he led off by saying that another crying need is for more and cheaper housing So he called again for passage of the TaftEllenderWagner bill to meet the acute11 housing short age In addition to selective price wage controls and a return to the wartime excess profits tax at a rate he did not disclose the presi dent asked congress to 1 Restore consumer credit con as those which speci fied down payments and the time in which installment purchases had to be paid off 2 Arm the federal reserve board with more power to regu late inflationary bank credit 3 Grant him power to regulate speculation on the commodity ex changes 4 Grant him power to impose allocation and inventory control over scarce commodities which basically affect essential produc tion or the cost of living the same term he used for his price control proposal 5 Strengthen controls over rent with adequate appropriations for enforcement to prevent further unwarranted rent increases 6 Give him standby to ration those few products in short supply which vitally affect the health and welfare He said further hearing on a disorderly that unless further shortages oc cur this authority might not lave to be used at all Wage Limits The president asked authority to limit wage increases only where they would force a break in a price ceiling Even in this Irate Hubby Hits With Door New York Anna Col lins can honestly say that she got a black eye in a collision with a door But she told a Brooklyn magis trate in court Monday night the door collided with she with the door She told the court her husband Patrick tore it off its hinges and hit her with it Magistrate Matthew Fagan or dered Patrick held in bail for conduct charge Californian Finds New Minor Planet Mt Hamilton Cal A new minor planet traveling uriusually close to the earth has been re penLed by a University of Cali forna astronomer C A Wirtancn who made the discovery said Tuesday that it is the 6lh minor planet found within the orbit of the earth who is senior observ atory assistant came across the planet while studying a photo graph of a new comet discovered by him July 17 ek lac IB Washington Tru man tossed his full civil rights program back to congress Tuesday without singling out the racial measures against which southern democrats have pledged a no surrender fight The president noted in his mes sage Tuesday that congressional committees have considered leg islation to carry out some of his proposals but that only one has been approved That lone measure was for settling the wartime evacuation claims of Japanese Americans Of the others he said I believe that it is necessary to enact the laws I have recommended in or der to make the guarantees of the constitution real and vital These are the others 1 Establishing a permanent commission on civil rights a jofnt congressional committee on civil rights and a civil rights division in Chad Lake a large shallow body of water in North Africa covers an area of about 6000 square miles but never reaches a depth of more than five feet the department of justice 2 Strengthening existing civil rights statutes 3 Providing federal protection against lynching 4 Insuring that the right to vote in elections for federal offices shall not be contingent upon the payment of taxes 5 Establishing a fair employ ment practice commission to pre vent unfair discrimination in em ployment 6 Prohibiting Discrimination in interstate transportation facili ties 7 Providing home rule and suffrage in presidential elections for the residents of the District of Columbia 8 Providing statehood for Ha waii and Alaska and a greater measure of self government for our island possessions 9 Equalizing the opportunities for residents in the United States to become naturalized citizens Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Not much change in temperature Low Tuesday night 55 to GO High Wednesday 82 to 86 Iowa Fair and slightly cooler Tuesday night Wednesday fair and warmer Low Tuesday night 52 northwest 62 southeast Minnesota Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Somewhat wanner Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 88 Minimum 56 At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 66 SherifJs Office Photo TOUGH TO auto driven by Bob Shepard 14 719 Delaware N E was badly damaged when it hit the concrete abutment miles northeast of Mason City near Plymouth road Monday evening Shepard suffered a broken arm and Chester Car roll 24 2535 N Federal owner of the car received a bad cut on the forehead Shepard lost control of the car authorities said instance an exception would be made if the increases were es sential to remedy hardship to cor rect inequities or to prevent an actual lowering of living stand ards As he had said he would the chief executive also asked the special session for 1 A new displaced persons bill to provide for the admission of some 400000 of Europes war ref ugees into this country during the next 4 years instead of 202000 in 2 years as provided in a bill passed at the last session He asked that congress wipe out discriminations in the current law He has said it would operate unfairly against Jewish and Cath olic displaced persons 2 A federal aidto education bill to provide an nually to states for education 3 Approval of a oan for the construction of a per manent united nations headquar ters in New York City 4 Senate ratification of the in ternational wheat agreement He said this would guarantee Ameri can farmers an annual export market of 185000000 bushels of wheat at a fair price a maximum of a bushel during the next 5 years 5 Restoration of trimmed from proposed appropri ations at the last session for power and reclamation projects includ ing a Tennessee Valley Authority steam generating plant at New Johnsonville Tenn 6 A more equitable and real istic pay bill for federal em ployes 7 A bill raising the present 40cent minimum wage to at least 75 cents an hour 8 Legislation increasing by at least 50 percent the benefits un der the oldage retirement pro visions of the social security law He said the age at which women can receive benefits should be lowered from 65 to 60 years and he again asked extension of cover age to groups not now included
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