Tuesday, June 29, 1948

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 29, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV Associated PreM and United PTBM Full Lease Wlrd Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 29 1948 This Paper ConsUU Two One No 2Z5 AP Wirephoto T TPHT Earl Warren of California republican vice presidential nom and Ms dance a an aftertheater party at the Hotel Pennsylvania in New York City Monday night 3755 Dead Jap Quake in Tremors Go On But No Damage Done Tokyo Douglas Mac Arthurs headquarters reported Tuesday that 3155 persons lost their lives in Fukui as the result of Mondays disastrous earthquake and fire The list of the dead included an estimated 1000 dead for devastat ed Fukui city alone The figures included the toll in 39 villages as well as the prefec tural capital Allied headquarters also dis closed that 7752 persons were seriously injured and 30721 build ings were damaged Of that num ber 6306 were burned Quakes Continue A report from United Press Staff Correspondent Peter Ka lischer now in Fukui said that the quakes still were continuing but there was no further damage Some of the quakes were strong enough to be felt in Tokyo 250 miles away Experts said minor tremors always followed a big quake Meanwhile allied and Japanese officials rushed food and medicines to Fukui in an attempt to check a possible outbreak of disease among the survivors of the disas The 2nd night after the quake came to the city and many other communities in the 3 prefectures fronting the Sea ot Japan the wounded were stretched out in the streets and workers still were digging for victims trapped under the debris Thousands of homeless men women and children wandered among the ruins m search of food and shelter Trucks In Allied headquarters announced that a 15truck convoy of sup plies and personnel was on the Way from Osaka to Fukui while 2 trucks were on the way from Maizuru with medical supplies The government in Tokyo sped medicines to the quake area to prevent an outbreak of typhoid dysentery and tetanus in the pro vincial capital now devoid of wa ter and sanitation The Americans also allowed the government to ship 1275 metric tons of rice to the disaster area Badlycrippled telegraph and rail communications prevented Japanese and allied authorities from getting a full picture of the stricken area Allied headquarters quoted Weather Report Mason FORECAST City Generally fair through Wednesday with mod erate temperatures Low Tues day night 56 High Wednesday 82 Iowa Generally fair with 30 Millionth Phone Put In Installed in Home of Purple Heart Veteran UN Might Take Stand in Germany US FeelsThough Efforts Now Should Be Through Powers Washington state de partment cautiously suggested Tuesday that the United Nations might be able to take an active role in the German crisis should the situation in Berlin further de teriorate The department indicated it feels all efforts at a settlement right now should be concentrated on talks going on directly among the German occupation powers and that the time for U N action has not yet arrived At Lake Success N Y an American official said the U S is considering a request from Trygve Lie U N secretary gen eral for security council action to break the Berlin deadlock Lie was reported seeking reactions of the 5 great powers on the matter The American official said Lies request had been referred to the state department Concerning this report Lincoln White state department press of ficer commented Appreciate UN Role We are deeply appreciative of the role which the United Na tions might play should the sit uation in Berlin further deterior ate Meanwhile this government is exploring every means of ar riving at a settlement of the dif ferences which have arisen It was understood from official sources that the American reply to Lies inquiry will follow close ly the line of Whites comment Otherwise White said that he expects no formal statement on the Berlin crisis here Tuesday Germans Appeal UN for Crisis Help Jet Fighters to Germany Flight Will Be 1st Transocean Attempt Washington jet fighters will make their first transocean flight next week and conduct limited maneuvers in Germany the air force announced Tuesday Sixteen F80 Shooting Stars from the 56th fighter group will make the 5200mile trip from Selfridge air force base Mt Clemens Mich to Furstenfeldb ruck North Germany Atlantic spanning the via Labrador rate temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday Low Wednes day night 5560 Iowa FiveDay Weather Outlook Temperatures will average near normal for the period Normal highs 83 north 87 south Nor mal lows 60 north 64 south Slow warming with compara tively cool nights Generally sunny days and no rain of con sequence through Friday Scattered local showers aver aging onetenth inch or less Saturday and Sunday Cooler Sunday Minnesota Clearing Tuesday night Wednesday generally fair No decided change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Tuesday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 76 57 72 03 90 62 Marshalllown The 30 mil lionth Bell System telephone was installed in the home of a 26 yearold purple heart war veteran here Tuesday Ceremonies marking this instal lation included long distance calls to Seattle Wash and New York City The telephone was installed by Northwestern Bell Telephone company one of the operating companies of the Bell System Installation of the 30 millionth telephone came 72 years after Alexander Graham Bell perfected his invention It took the Bell System more than 45 years to at tain its first 10000000 telephones not quite 20 years for the next 10000000 and less than 6 for the 3rd 10 million The telephone was placed in the home of Mr and Mrs Harold Bragg As part of the ceremonies Bragg talked to his brother W G Bragg Seattle Wash C L Sampson Des Moines vice president and general manager of the Northwestern Bell company for Iowa concluded the ceremonies with a conference call to LeRoy A Wilson president of the Amer ican Telephone and Telegraph company at New York and to Russell J Hopley president of the Northwestern Bell company at Omaha There are now 36500000 tele phones in the United States 6500 000 of which are served by the n a t i o ns independentlyo w n e d Although white house and state department officials maintained silence indications mounted that a diplomatic stroke aimed directly at the kremlin might be unleashed Wednesday or Thursday The nature of any such plan was cloaked in strictest secrecy but signs pointed to a stern note demanding that Russia lift the 8 day old blockade and quit other unityhampering take responsibility for the conse quences The air force meanwhile stood ready to rush more cargo planes o the beleaguered German capi Maj Gen Joseph M Swing from Kyoto as saying disaster teams counted 39 bodies in Fukui The teams treated 800 persons for in juries 80 of whom were hospital cases Based yn the figures above and the size of the area in which these casualties occurred it is estimated at most there were 4000 casual ties including injuries and deaths in the entire earthquake disaster area allied headquarters said FINES FATHER Des Moines How ard Brooks imposed a fine for Coal Union Faced With Court Fight Washington UR John L Lewis was faced Monday with the threat of a court fight over the union shop clause in his new soft coal contract U S Steel corp and 9 other op erators of the socalled captive coal mines are being polled on whether to bring unfair labor practice charges against Lewis with the national labor relations board Industry sources said a decision is expected Wednesday Harry M Moses chief negotia tor for the steel industry refused to sign a contract worked out by Lewis and the soft coal operators last week because of the union shop provision He claims it vio lates the TaftHartley labor law Under that law the union shop is forbidden unless a majority of em ployes vote for it in an NLRB election But Lewis cant petition for an election because he has re fused on principle to sign a non communist affidavit which is a prerequisite The union shop clause in Lewis new agreement stipulates that all telephone companies The Bell System has grown to about an plant al most double what it was 10 year ago The number of Bell System employes now total 675000 Also making a long distance call at Tuesdays ceremonies was Greenland Iceland and England They will leave about July 7 The nearly 600mileanhour fighters will be accompanied by 2 bombers fitted out for rescue and weather reconnaissance work and 3 transports carrying men and supplies While in Germany the planes will be in charge of Lt Gen Cur tis E Lemay theater air force commander The F80s are sched uled to leave Selfridge under di rection of Col David C Schilling 56th group commander and war time 8th air force ace They will be in Europe about 2 weeks These jets precede by a month a 75plane group being assigned permanently to Germany from the Panama Canal Zone But that group the 36th will be ferried by water State department and air force sources said no diplomatic im portance should be attached to the jet mission The department gave routine clearance for the flight and an invitation was received from the British air ministry for a stopover at the royal air force base at Odiham The air force said the flight was a 3fold purpose To determine feasibility of fly jet combat planes over the al if needed to help ferry food and other urgently needed sup plies to 2500000 residents cut off n the western zones C54s on Way Already some 39 giant C54s were winging their way to Ger many from as far away as Alaska and the Caribbean An air force spokesman said no further requests for planes had Deen received from U S occupa tion authorities But he told a re porter scores more of the trans port craft were available Meanwhile diplomatic and mili tary officials held a fastbreaking series of conferences here and abroad which pointed to an early break in the Berlin impasse These were the major develop ments 1 Undersecretary of State Lo vett conferred with President Truman Monday and later attend ed a white house cabinet session There was no official word on the topics under discussion but it was learned that one of them was the Berlin situation 2 Undersecretary of the Army William Draper and U S Ambas sador Lewis W Douglas went into AP Wirephoto TO LEAD JET FLIGHT TO Col David C Schilling commander of the air forces 56th Fighter group stands beside his Lockheed F80 Shooting Star jet airplane in which he will lead a flight of 16 F80s to Eng land about July 7 It will be the first transAtlantic flight by U S jet planes Terms of Foreign Aid Bill Told by State Department ing Atlantic to study supply arid op erations problems involved and to conduct limited training activities in Germany Besides the F80s there will be a B29 Superfort to precede the jets for weather reconnaissance a B17 Flying Fortress equipped for airsea rescue in event of a forced landing and 2 4engine C54 and one twinengine C47 transports carrying supplies and maintenance men There will be 36 officers and 56 enlisted men in the party Washington UR partment terms The state Monday disclosed the which Marshall plan countries are accepting to insure that U S economic aid to Europe is not wasted The announcement of the terms was expected by diplomats here to signal a fresh communist propaganda blast assailing the multibillion dollar European re covery program as U S imperial ism and rule of the dollar Secretary of State George C Marshall said the signing of the bilateral agreements represents one more step in the development International Workers Out 35000 Walk Out of 9 Company Plants Chicago tP Nine Internation al Harvester company plants em ploying more than 35000 persons were closed down Tuesday by a walkout of CIO United Farm Equipment Workers RAF Joins in Shuttle of Supplies Planes Carry Only Fraction of Food Supplied by Rail Berlin Berlin city council appealed Monday night to the United Nations to intervene in the Berlin blockade crisis The German governing body faced with a threat of starvation to the 2000000 Germans in the western zone said U N action might forestall the urgent dan ger to world peace At Lake Success Colombia de clared the U N security council should act to end the crisis The British RAF joined the U S air force in shuttling food to Berlin At best however the planes could tote but a fraction of the 2000 tons of food normally delivered daily over the rail line Russia had blocked Present food stores are expected to last until the end of July or early August Gen Sir Brian Robertson Brit ish military governor denounced the soviet blockade as ruthless inhumanity He said the Rus sians are trying to gain political advantage by an attempt to starve the helpless Leaders Confer Robertson conferred with Gen Lucius D Clay U S military governor who had spent most of the day talking with William H Draper undersecretary of the army and Lt Gen Albert C emeyer U S army director of plans ana operations The communist controlled so cialist unity party served notice to the Berlin city council it will oppose an appeal to the U N as useless and without results The party asserted the issue should be solved here in the Moribund al lied control council from which the Russians stalked March 20 The Russians last week stopped rail service from the west through their occupation zone which surrounds Berlin They acted after the western allies refused then Terms Berlin Crisis Grave But Do Not Consider War Dewey Warns Pawling N Thorn as E Dewey said Tuesday the Rus and Ireland as other countries One plant at Canton 111 em ploying 3200 was reported work ing The company said it had no of the program for European re covery President Truman signed the bill which puts up the report from the llth plant at foreign aid money I Hock Falls 111 It employs 850 The conditions were disclosed with the release here of the text their negotiators met m Chicago of bilateral agreements with Ire in efforts to work out a new con tract to at briefly Tuesday morning then recessed until 1 p m CST The company said the recess was asked by union representatives land and Italy Officials said agreements are virtually the same In exchange for U S aid Italy I will made 1 Guarantees of a favorable empoyes members shall be or become of the United Mine Marshalltown Mayor Donald E Taylor who conversed with his mother Mrs Emma M Taylor at Brainard Minn Installation of the 30 millionth telephone at Marshalltown brought Iowas total telephones up to 733 035 of which 448035 are served by the Northwestern company and the remainder by 516 indepen dentlyowned companies in the state Iowa continues to rank foremost of the states in rural telephones with 87 per cent of its farms hav ing telephone service Larson Reports in Campaign Expenses Des Moines Gen eral Robert L Larson reported Tuesday he received in con tributions and spent in his unopposed candidacy for the re publican nomination for his of fice He told the secretary of states office the contributions came from the Larson for Attorney General Club The largest item of ex penditure in his primary election campaign was for station ery London huddle with Britains Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin Draper then flew to Berlin to join Lt Gen A C Wedemeyer of the U S general staff for conferences with the American commander Gen Lucius D Clay sian blockade of the American British and French sectors of Ber lin constitutes a grave situation economic climate for European re T h e republican presidential adopting necessary nominee told a news conference measures to establish financial at his farm here that he had been stability increase trade and es discussing the Berlin crisis with tablish a valid rate of currency John Foster Dulles his foreign af exchange They promise also to total 2 Special concessions to the 1 Pullman Asked if he thought the situa u to submit to the inI Tractor fairs advisor twice a day nowjprompte production for several days1 alter the company made new con tract proposals The company reported an early showed these plants down by the strike Works Chicago West 3700 6200 dictate that only the Russian oc cupation currency be valid in Ber lin The Russians also were an gered by the western powers de cision to establish a separate gov ernment in western Germany Governors Meet The U S British and French military governors will meet with German officials Wednesday at Frankfurt to discuss the ground work for the western German re gime W Averell Harriman ambassa dor for the European recovery program arrived in Berlin Tues day night for conferences with Clay on ERP aid to western Ger many He said the trip had no re lation to the crisis caused by the soviet blockade The British commander den Sir Brian Robertson made his de nunciation at a meeting of the Geman zonal advisory council iployment 7800 Works Chicago Works Chicago tion might leadto war said We must not even such possibilities Dewey ternational court at the Hague any I claims by U S nationals arising consider governmental measures in I their countries to guarantee the Workers except in certain clas sifications The steel companies could appeal to Robert N Denham general counsel of the labor board to seek a federal court injunction io stop Lewis from putting such a pro vision into effect until the full board rules on it Government labor experts said the threatened legal battle on the union shop points up a rapidly overtime parking orTAttorney I developing national labor crisis George P Brooks his father over union security Col fax Boy Chosen 4H Short Course President Ames Bond of Col fax was elected president of the annual 4H short course at Iowa State college Tuesday Other officers elected were Ron ald Paasch Walnut vice presi dent Floyd Peters Bellevue sec retarytreasurer and Elyin Lar son West Branch historian Business in Iowa Slumps During May Iowa City business slumped somewhat during May the Iowa Business Digest reported Tuesday The University of Iowa publica tion said that compared with April May bank debits were down 2 per cent building permits 19 per cent employment 1 per cent life insurance sales 6 per cent and in dustrial payrolls 2 per cent A 1 per cent rise was recorded for farm product prices However the Iowa business level for the first 5 months of this year was considerably higher than it was during the corres ponding period of 1947 the Digest said For the 5month period it re ported bank debits in 11 cities up 7 per cent nonresidential build ing permits 60 per cent residen tial building permits 74 per cent employment 4 per cent industrial payrolls 15 per cent and farm product prices 11 per cent com pared to a 15 per cent rise in prices paid by fanners However life insurance sales dipped 6 per cent and farm in come 5 per cent the publication reported Gov Dewey was asked for com convertibility into dollars of new 950 Auburn N Y 2200 East Moline 111 3700 Richmond Ind 1 800 Rock Island 111 5000 Louisville Ky 5500 ment on the Russian split with private American investments in Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia their countries to make arrange VlflnOn lain nil I should like to see more of the ments whereby the U S can ob details before I comment he tain critical materials needed for Vur jUITers said adding When the commun stockpiling t nn4L I Ofic nnrt Arm ists fall apart I am always a little 3 An agreement in an exchange Or DOtfl legi Uiiu AU in dubious of separate notes to grant most Marie Rasmus Seated next to Dewey was his favorednation trade treatment to pn i was in Mercy hospital at running mate Gov Earl Warren u g occupjea areas including Gcr Mason City Tuesday with frac many Japan Korea and Trieste turccj eft arm and left leg and a I compound fracture of the righ lee She was struck by a car as she 1 rt of California Warren accompanied by his wife and 3 daughters came here from New York Tuesday to confer with Dewey on campaign plans Warren remained silent during the news conference Dewey carried the ball The New York governor said We had no chance to have any conversation in peace at Philadel phia and we want to get together here for a good thorough conver sation which we will do Tuesday afternoon and evening Warren and his family will re turn to California from New York City next Saturday afternoon Queen Alexandria Feeds Child Found in Ash Can New York UR A foundling baby abandoned in an ash can a few hours after birth drank his lunch Monday in the arms of a queen Queen Alexandria of Yugoslavia was on a tour of the New York foundling hospital when she fed one of the 299 homeless children in the ward Yugoslav Reds Give Answer to Cominform Belgrade Yugoslav communist party Tuesday night replied to the denunciation of the cominform by describing the charges made against Marshal Tito and other Yugoslav leaders ar unfounded and onesided Apparently defying Russia and the other G soviet satellites the Yugoslav communist answer to the cominform appealed to all Yu goslav communists to support the Tito regime was crossing the road in front o I her home 5 miles south of her early Monday evening As her mother Mrs John D Rasmussen watched from th yard Miss Rasmussen got out o one car and crossed the road di rectly in the path of one drive by Albert Bierl The impact threv her into the ditch or the British zone at Hamburg His strong language indicated e probably had received a rebuff rom the Russians on his demand f last Saturday that they lift im mediately their transport embar go on Berlin or take blame for tarting 2000000 Berliners of the vestern occupation sectors Condemn Effort The people of the world will condemn unhesitatingly this effort to gain political advantage by an attempt to starve the helpless he asserted Frau Louise Schroeder Berlins socialist lord mayor said the city government had decided the United Nations was the only in stitution to which Berlin can ap peal in its present distress She said the note as drafted could not be considered an af front to any of the occupying is president o thewiight county 4H gids clubs MAIL TO ISRAEL Washington postoffice department has begun regular air mail service to Israel rate is 25 cents a half ounce Letters may weigh up to 4 pounds 6 ounces but they must not contain mer chandise SAME ttac trattto Russia Secre taryGeneral Trygve Lie of the United Nations was reported m Lake Success Monday night to be studying whether to present the Berlin situation to the security council The Russians meanwhile ac knowledged that they are being pinched by their own blockade The sovietcontrolled press an nounced that emergency imports of 36000 tons of hard coal are being rushed in from Poland These imports are designed to make up for the loss of Ruhr coal from western Germany which is cut off from Berlin by the soviet clampdown on rail transport from the west A British spokesman said it might be necessary to parachute food into the city if air traffic gets too heavy for British and Ameri can airfields to handle