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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1948, Mason City, Iowa EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS KILL trrts VOL LJV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 19 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One No 164 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Weve Clung Too Long to OutModed Calendar WE Americans like to think of ourselves as essentially pro gressive in our outlook on life and in our daytoday behavior But the manner in which we cling to our outmoded calendar throws considerable doubt on this flatter ing selfappraisal There are at least 2 calendars which by any common sense test are better than the one now in use which goes back to our colonial days Fourteen other civilized na tions have placed their approval on a change But the United States continues to block the path of progress In the abstract we recognize and con cede the advantages of calendar reform But through inertia or something else we dont do any thing about it in the concrete ONE of the 2 calendar plans to which I have made reference divides the year into 13 months of equal length While undoubtedly superior to the calendar in world wide use it is assailable by rea son of the fact that it does not readily admit of dividing the year into quarters The second of these superior is known as the World calendar It retains our 12 months correlates days and dates and di vides the year into quarters of identical duration For the business man for the professional man for the house World calendar would be a boon And there is no real conflict as between this new calendar and religion No valid argument against its adop tion has ever been yet nothing happens A PRINCIPAL deterring influ ence to this needed change seems to stem from the fact that many Americans attach an aura of So You May See A copy of the World cal endar described by Mr Hall in this commentary is pre sented on Page 12 alongside the calendar now in use A comparative study of the 2 is invited sacredness and sanctity to the cal endar now in use They think it was handed down by God No concept could be more fsl lacious than this The fact is that the people of other eras down through the centuries havent been reluctant to change the form of their calendars when a change ap peared to be needed The history of the calendar is a history of mans endeavor to apply the knowledge at his com mand to the problem confronting him When fallacies and inaccur acies in timereckoning revealed themselves our forebears were willing to take corrective action FROM the very dawn of mans intelligence the problem of finding a method of distributing time into fixed periods adapted to his convenience has had a high place in his concern The alternation of sun and dark ness provided a pattern for the di vision into day and night but the division into weeks and months and even into seasons developed hy evolution Quite naturally the sun because it was so obvious was mans first measuring stick in the reckoning of time Then inquiring man dis covered a certain rhythm in the waxing and the waning of the moon Ultimately the fixed stars were brought into the calculation AS a result of these varied ap proaches to the problem a variety of calendars were in use throughout the world in Biblical times The one in use in the Holy Land was primarily based on the moon although rulers took certain liberties with it Itomc on the other hand bor rowed quite heavily from the Greek calendar which was a com bination of solar and lunar calcu lations Frequent adjustments were necessary to keep winter from falling in the summer months It was such a roving and illog ical calendar that Julius Caesar inherited In consultation with his astronomers he decided to do something about it And what he did about it came to be known as the Julian calendar ON ORDER OF CAESAR IN 45 B C THE YEAR WAS OR DAINED TO CONSIST OF DAYS THIS GAVE RISE TO THE INSTITUTION OF LEAP YEAR And that would have been all for one thing The year actually is Hi minutes short er than days This is another way of raying that once in every 128 years the Julian calendar falls into error by 1 day this error the Julian U calendar lasted for nearly 1600 years It was Pope Gregory in 1582 who decided that this cumulative error had gone far ON PAGE 2 NEW HEADLINE new Linotype machine went in the GlobeGazette composing room Monday L J McCauley sitting at thekeyboard will set most of the GlobeGazette headlines on the machine Erection of the Linotype took approximately 3 weeks for Carl G Myers Chicago left Linotype maintenanceen gineer assisted by Bert DuSold right GlobeGazette machinist The machine includes more than 10000 pieces Myers said 1st Returns Show Italy Reds Losing Rome Alcide de Gasperis Christiandemocrat party took a lead of more than 2tol over the communistled popular front Monday in first scattered re turns from Italys fateful election These returns in the senate con test which is being counted first were mostly from the Rome and Milan areas Milan in the heart oi the strong ly leftist north was giving the Catholic premiers party a com fortable lead over the popular front Unofficial returns from 86 Milan voting sections gave the Christian democrats 31108 the popular front 21246 and the right ist national bloc 206 The polls closed after 21 hours of Aoting full of meaning for the future of Europe and possibly for the peace of the world Officials estimated 90 per cent of the 29000000 eligibles cast ballots This may be a world rec ord for a free a heavy vote was generally inter preted as favorinj ists Counting began anticommun immediately Rule Lewis Guilty Contempt in Mine Strike 3 Years of Planning Brings New Look1 to GlobeGazette It took 3 years of planning and wailing but the GlobeGazette finally has its new look Postwar production difficulties both of machinery and paper finally have been sufficiently overcome so it is possible to present the new more readable more entertaining anc more informative GlobeGazette without having to sacrifice some thing else to make the change Most noticeable to the reader will be the new appearance of the page It is brought about by a new name plate at the top of the fron has been designed along modern lines lo match the 2m feature our new headline type The new headline type was discusspd 3 years by the Globe Gazette management and was actually ordered in August 1945 The order was for the most modern typesetting machine available a Lino type costing approximately That machine has been delivered and erected by the Mergenthaler Linotype company Brooklyn N Y and was put into use Monday The new Linotype can set 6 different sizes of type and as many as 4 different faces in the same size The type family is the modern Sanssenf Metro and headlines hereafter will be set in capitals and small letters instead of all capitals in order that they may be more readable So much for the eye appeal of the GlobeGazettes new look There has also been a change in the content The combination editorial page and comic page which was forced upon the Globe during the wartime shortage of newsprint paper has been discarded and in its place will be a full editorial page and a full fea ture page with additional comic strips and panels a serial story and crossword puzzle New Atomic Weapon Has Been Tested Believe Experiment Concerns improved Type of ABomb Washington UR An atomic weapon presumably an improved atomic bomb has been tested in great secrecy at Eniwetok Atoll in Lhe far Pacific it was announced Monday The atomic energy commission announced that the test had been made For security reasons it said the date of the test is not being announced The test was carried out secret ly in the remote and heavily guarded Pacific island under con ditions in contrast with the great publicity given the previous tests at the Island of Bikini Here is the brief statement by the atomic energy commission on the new test There has been a test of an atomic weapon at the proving grounds of the atomic energy com mission on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall islands For security rea sons the date ot the test is not be ing announced A classified report of the test results is being made to the ioint committee on atomic energy of the congress The test was coiiductcd under full security restrictions of the atomic energy act of 1946 and pur suant to the provisions of the act the public issuance of further in formation concerning the lest is not permissible at present Thus it was not known whether the new test was the longplanned deep water test of a bomb or a new experiment over land The commission announced last July 22 that the Eniwetok Atoll had been set aside as a proving ground in the Pacific for the test of atomic weapons System for Players Las Vegas Nev young roulette players with a system they devised in college figured they still were ahead Monday af ter 3 days of almost continuous playing Dr Roy Walford 23 San Diego CaL and Albert Hibbs also 23 of Chillicothe Ohio have been relieving each other at the Golden Nugget Casinos roulette wheel since fi p m Thursday Starting with they wound up ahead 51200 after the first 50 hours of play during which they placed bets on number 9 Sat urday they began to lose but said they were still ahead when they called a temporary halt Sunday at noon they started with and switched to playing 50 cents on number 1 and 0 At 6 oclock Sunday night they had Last November they won at Reno by consistently playing number 9 They quit after their luck turned but while still ahead about The players are using a system they said they worked out as Uni versity of Chicago undergraduates Biggest Shipment of Hogs to Livestock Markets in 9 Years The senate vote is counted first and early returns are expected late Monday night First returns on 574 seats in the chamber of deputies are clue Tuesday The grim tugofwar in Italy between Russia and the west re flected in the bitter and often vio lent campaign in the past 3 months accounted for the heavy turnout Spotty weather had little effect on the total The threat of violence which hung over the 2day voting never materialized The government had 330000 armed watchers on duty Heavy police detachments guard ed the streets Radiodirected tanks armored cars and jeeps pa trolled the cities A few exchanges of gunfire around army dumps were heard near Milan in the strongly leftist north Government officials min imized these saying the outbursts were not actually connected with the voting Good Fishing Fort Dodge Taylor of Fort Dodge thought he hooked something pretty strong while fishing in the DCS Moines river Sunday After a struggle he hauled in a case of beer Wallace Taylor to Talk New York dinner Monday night at the Com modore hotel will bring together the third party candidates Henry A Wallace and Sen Glen H Tay lor for their first joint speaking appearance in New York City The dinner sponsored by the National Wallace for Presi dent committee will start a fund raising drive Rcxford Guy Tug well a cochairman of the com mittee will preside i story and Crossword puzzle are being returned to the rlobeGazette pages because of the large number of readers who commented on their discontinuance They are being returned because of their popularity and despite a continuing shortage of newsprint Ine additional comic strips also are intended to meet the popular demand for this entertainment The number now printed by the CrlobeGazcue is on a par with metropolitan dailies All changes made wore with the thought of making an old friend even more welcome in the more than 22000 homes which receive Ihe z te daiy the management pointed out Any comments which readers may have concerning the change will be welcomed Play Ball The major league baseball sea son got underway Monday with 4 games scheduled The opening game was played at Boston Mon day morning as part of a Patriots Day celebration between the Red Sox and the Athletics The As won the game 54 an 11inning contest despite 3 successive home runs by Red Sox sluggers Sec Sports page 3 Bottles of Rum Puts Man in Morgue Bogota Colombia Monroy 40 a laborer was on the wagon Monday and he swore hed never touch another drop Monroy got 3 bottles of rum during the height of the rioting last week He drank them and passed out in the street A gov ernment truck sent out to pick up the bodies of those killed in the revolt gathered up Monroy and carted him off to the morgue He fled screaming when he came to and found himself sur rounded by dead bodies Ill never take another drop so help me he fold friends U S Aid in Turkey Istanbul UR Stevedores Monday unloaded the fifth Amer ican ship to reach here with sup plies for Turkey It carried heavy tanks cannon and heavy fortifi cation pquipmenl Freight Rate Hike Granted Raise Will Average 4 Above Present Washington interstate commerce commission Monday granted the railroads a further temporary freight rate increase es timated to cost the public about a year Commission officials figured the raise will average about 4 per cent above present rates The ICC last October acting on the railroads plan for a 30 per com adviince in freight rales au thorized a temporary 10 per cent increase to meet higher operating costs Still another 10 per cent tem porary increase was granted in January The additional raise an nounced Monday will be effective until the commission passes finally on the plea for permanent upward adjustments The new increase may be ap Farmers spurred by the tempts of meat packers to step up production in strikebound plants Monday sent the biggest shipment of hogs to market in 9 years The U S department of agri culture reported that 100000 hogs were received at the nations 12 big cornbelt livestock terminals As a result prices dropped sharp ly from to lower per hun dred pounds Department of agriculture ana lysts said Mondays hogs ship ment was the since July 1937 Iowa Farm Bureau President Howard Hill said Monday that the packinghouse strike is forcing farmers to waste tons upon tons of extremely precious feed grains He urged again that the meat packers and the CIO United Pack ingnouse Workers urion arbitrate the strike Hull said the farmer is the greatest loser of all in the strike and has lost as much as a hog He described the feed situation as extremely critical At Chicago Indianapolis Ottum wa Iowa Sioux City Iowa and Waterloo Iowa the union in creased picket lines to head off any backtowork movement At Ottumwa the backtowork invitation issued by Morrell ap parently failed Aside from fore men and office workers only 1 man reported for work Monday morning about 60 citi zens of Ottumwa not connected with the strike answered telephone summonses to appear in police court delivered by police Sunday night to be sworn in as special of ficers Only about onethird of the group was so sworn Bannister said they will be a security pa trol to assist regular officers when and if it should ever be come necessary to patrol residen tial streets to prevent violence At Waterloo pickets observed a court order limiting their number to 5 at each gate of the Rath Packing company as a backto work movement CIO es men and 74 women into the plant There were no in cidents as approximately 2000 strikers watched from across the street Additional pickets wore posted Monday at main gates of the strikebound Armour Co meat packing plant in Sioux City as striking C I O employes en gaged in what a plant executive termed a mass picketing move ment Union leaders reinforced their picket lines at both main and south gates L O Hoffman Arm our general manager said that cars of employes and iionem ployes were being halted and eting continued al the Iowa Pack ing company plant Manager E F Kadarabek said supervisory per sonnel continued to prepare ship ments of perishables and that the union has allowed such shipments to move from the plant Decker Plant Seeks Workers Hogs Received in Limited Numbers Sentence Is Set for Tuesday Goidsborough Is Considering Jail Term This Time Washington T Alan Goidsborough Monday held John L Lewis guilty of criminal con tempt for not sending the striking coal miners back to the pits when ordered by the court The judge announced he will pronounce sentence Tuesday He is the same judge who lined Lewis and the United Mine Workers for disregard ing a court stopstrike order in 1946 The supreme court cut the unions line to but let Lewis stand Goidsborough before adjourning court hinted that he is at least considering a jail term for Lewis this time He said he did not think be cause of the seriousness of the case that it could be decided on the basis of expediency When he fined Lewis in De Jacob E Decker and Sons stiil cember 1946 in the other case were seeking workers Monday to operate the packing plant despite the strike of United Packinghouse Workers local 38 The management reported production still on the upgrade however and hogs still were being received in limited numbers Four nonunion men who worked in the plant last week came out Sunday evening and told pickets that they were dissatisfied with working and living conditions in the plant according to Arthur Costello chairman of the union strategy committee He said they accused the management of not living up to promises made when they were hired Two auto loads from local 38 at tended the mass meeting in front of the Rath packing plant in Wa terloo Sunday Costello said The attendance there was estimated at 8000 he said The Mason Cityans included Costello Mr and Mrs Louis Kipper Mr and Mrs Ed Kolda Don Smith and Jake Ta tarakis Spring Its Wonderful plierl nrion 10 days nolice to the i searched by the pickets public At Des Moines peacable pick New Boone C of C Secretary Boone L Cadieux Esthcrville has been named sec retary of the Boone Chamber of Commerce effective May 15 He succeeds James Campbell who has resigned AP Wlrephoto MARQUETTE TELLS jokeater replace Wind with Flood to bring up to date the sign advertising the current attraction at the State theater in Point Pleasant W Va Sunday The Ohio river wan 15 feet above flood stage at the time The mercury was heading up into the summer temperatures again Monday with a mark of 85 at p m at the KGLO tran mitter west of Mason City But the weatherman warned the gardeners and those with yard work to do that they had better lake advantage of the good weather while it is here His prediction for Tuesday was con siderably cooler Sunday the temperature hit a high of 88 de grees in Mason City as compared with last years record of 81 on the last day of April and the 1946 April record of 86 on the 21 si The temperature soared to 89 at Council Bluffs Sunday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy through Tuesday Showers probable Monday night Cooler Tuesday Low Monday night 45 High Tuesday near 60 Iowa Considerable cloudiness Monday night and Tuesday Rain in east and central por tions Monday night and in the extreme southeast Tuesday Cooler Monday night and Tues day High today 65 northwest to 78 southeast Low Monday night 35 northwest to 50 southeast High Tuesday 57 to 62 Minnesota Mostly cloudy and cooler Monday night with oc casional rain in extreme south east portion Partly cloudy Tues day cooler southeast portion IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 88 Minimum 54 At 8 a m Monday 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 51 Minimum 30 GlobeGarotte weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 65 Minimum 49 At 8 a m Sunday 58 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 51 Minimum 28 the judge said he had to consider the expediency involved and was giving a fine instead of a jail sentence So his talk of not regarding ex pediency this time suggested strongly that Goidsborough is thinking of a jail term for the miners chieftain In the 1946 case Lewis and the union were found guilty of both civil and criminal contempt Goidsborough asked the govern ment to bring in recommendations for punishment at 9 a m CST Tuesday Goidsborough said The court thinks there is no difficulty in deciding the evidence beyond all doubt is sufficient to show the defendants are guilty of criminal contempt Later he said that of course the defendants also are guilty of civil contempt on a technicality but added The court doesnt emphasize the civil contempt This indicated the judge might impose a lighter fine on the union this time Goidsborough said that what the court will do in the way of punishment is being watched by every lawless element in the by all decent people ascertain whether or not the courts have the power to protect the citizens of this country in their normal way of life Government officials are watch ing it also to see what effect it may have on coal mining Only about twothirds of the miners have yet gone back to work Many have said they were waiting the outcome of Lewis contempt trial Lewis sat with a half sneer on lis lips as Goidsborough tallied extemporaneously about his rui ng When court adjourned Lewis vaved aside reporters He walked cilertly out with his lawyers Presumably the union will carry the case to the supreme court as it did the 1946 one Solution Simple to Free Bull in Silo New Hampton Or vin Knutson has finally managed io get his Guernsey bull out of the silo The bull a 1200pound 4 year old animal with horns and a marked aversion for having human beings get too close had been in the silo for several days Knutson didnt want to ruin the silo getting the bull out and he didnt want to ruin the silage by butchering him on the spot The solution to the problem when it occurred to Knutson was very simple He knocked some staves from the the bull walked out of his own accord SAME tin meuM
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