Mason City Globe Gazette, April 16, 1948

Mason City Globe Gazette

April 16, 1948

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Issue date: Friday, April 16, 1948

Pages available: 32

Previous edition: Thursday, April 15, 1948

Next edition: Saturday, April 17, 1948

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Publication name: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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All text in the Mason City Globe Gazette April 16, 1948, Page 1.

Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 16, 1948, Mason City, Iowa HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV Associated and United Press Full Iease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APKIL 16 1948 KILC ims Jfaper consists ot Two One No 162 WKTJURQPLSIGNSJBPJHARTER Mninrltv nf Finp ninn i Majority of lowans Favor Draft UMT Most lowans favor both Selec tive Service and UMT A cross section of voters interviewed by the IOWA PUBLIC OPINION PANEL shows strong support for both measures but with Selective Service the more popular of the 2 Those with opinions divide as follows Selective Service UMT Favor 80 71 Oppose 20 29 A great deal of interest is in both issues and very few are without opinions Only 1 voter in every 6 is undecided about Selec tive Service less than 1 in every 10 regarding UMT Many of those undecided are in terested and concerned but are reserving judgment for the present Not Isolationists lowans are not isolationists as midwesterners are sometimes claimed to be They apparent ly agree fairly well with vot ers throughout the nation A national poll made at about the same time also shows a large majority jn favor each proposal But lowans show stronger support for the draft than 1 Opinion for UMT which is the reverse the nationwide poll Opinions in Iowa are more in line with the views expressed by many mem bers of congress More people refer to the draft as a war measure than to UMT and many lowans by their re marks regard UMT as something good for the boys while the draft is an immediate step in be ing prepared Vets for Measures World war II veterans and their wives support these measures more than nonveterans do And Fine Speeder Delay Decker Court Action There was activity Friday in 4 court cases involving the strike bound Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant Most significantof the cases the contempt of court citation against 51 members of the United Packinghouse Workers unionCIO was continued for hear ing until Wednesday at 9 a m Police Judge B R Dunn had another case involvingthe strike He fined Dale Simon 27 and costs on a plea of guilty to an in formation charging Simon with speeding The information was filed by Don Smith one of the pickets at the main gate of the Decker plant on 15th N E He charged that Si mon Thursday afternoon drove through the picket line at 50 miles an hour picked up his father Ralph Simon inside the plant and they drove out again at a high rate of speed The father was brought into the court of Justice of the Peace C R Servison Friday on a charge of reckless driving filed by another picket Lyle Medlin Servison set the hearing for 9 a m Saturday Medlin charged that Ualph Si mon drove down 15th N E and into the Decker plant at a m Friday and that he was swerving the car toward the pickets while it was traveling between 40 and 50 miles an hour A charge of assault and battery against Juanita Barragan 408 Madison S W was dismissed in Servisons court Friday by County Attorney James R Brown Miss Barragan was accused jointly with Mrs Ocie Lysne and Isabelle Go mez who were fined and costs after a trial Thursday with of each fine suspended Dunn in his motion for contin uance argued that he represented 51 different individuals in 51 dif ferent actions and that many of his clients he had never even seen He asked the continuance for time in which to prepare his de CONGRESS DIGS INTO FACTS ON BOGOTA REVOLT Lawmakers Want Reason for Conference Since Trouble Plot Was Known Washington ff An open warning and a guarded hint that Colomoias bloodspattered revolt pattern may be uesd in the United States spurred a congressional committee Friday to dig deeper for facts For one thing the lawmakers want a complete explanation of why the state department went ahead with the Pan American conference at Bogota despite def inite word that the communists were plotting trouble there The department itself said Sec retary Marshall scornfully reject ed any notion that a handful of communists could intimidate the American republics But Rep Clarence J Brown R Ohio saw the situation in a dif ferent tight Why he asked did they de partment officials go blindly into this conference knowing there might be trouble Why did they permit themselves and the coun try to be put into a ticklish po sition an fense was resisted by fewer in the veteran group are J dough attorney for Armour undecided SELECTIVE SERVICE AP Wirephoto Veterans Non and Wives Veterans Favor 81 61 Oppose 13 18 Undecided 6 21 U M T Favor 7G 61 Oppose 18 23 Undecided 6 10 10 Opposes Both Steps Only 10 per cent of these rep resentative voters are opposed to both Selective Service and UMT This percentage is small compared to the 51 per cent who want both enacted into law Another small group 11 per cent favor selective service but oppose UMT An even smaller seg ment of voters G per cent want to see UMT but would not want Selective Service Young People Support Those most directly affected by either of these younger more in fa tr r JLVTB and Company who suggested that the trial of some of the defend ants could start immediately Judge Boynton overruled him however insisting that the con tinuance was in the interests of justice The union members are charged with violating a temporary in junction issued Monday by Judge William P Butler which prohibit from interfering with or out of the packing ed them traffic in plant The management claims that the injunction was violated when trucks carrying hogs were stopped at the gate of the plant Wednesday Hogs were trucked into the plant both Thursday and Brown said he wants the swers to tnose questions and will try to get them at hearings to be set later He is the chairman of a house committee set up to look into the background of the destructive Bo gota uprising particularly to learn whether this countrys cen tral intelligence agency CIA had warned Marshall there might be trouble in the Colombian capital Thursdays hearing brought evi dence of a number of such warn ings Afterwards the state depart ment volunteered that it had been iuixy aware of the situation itself and that Marshall had commented saltily the American republics were not going to be intimidated oy communists or anybody else But the thing that stood out in sharpest focus was the double ad monition in congress that trouble may be ahead in this country First Rear Adm R in Kockford 111 battle flames which threatened an entire business district but was extinguished after completely destroying a 4 story furniture showroom and damaging half a dozen other buildings Thursday afternoon Losswas estimated at Firemen from half a dozen surrounding communities wete caTled in Iwo men were badly hurt as they leaped out of a 3rd story window when trapped by an explosion A grass fire was blamed for the start of the blaze Capped Browns Friday without the pickets interference by vor of voters them This than are is true the older even of younger voters who are nonvet erans When attitudes are analyzed by political party members demo crats are the least opposed to either measure independents next nnd republicans most opposed even the republicans are measures by laige ma However Tor both joritics Voters who want Truman re elected are strong for these meas ures but are stronger for UMT than for Selective Service which is opposite to majority opinion in the state Henry Wallace has spoken against these defense measures but many who support him do not share his views Less than half of them oppose Selective Service only slightly more than half are against UMT Voters who prefer MacArthur or Eisenhower for president are al most unanimous for these meas ures Support for them therefore seems closely linked with prefer ence for a military man to head the government Those who favor other possible republican nominees for president differ little in their support for both UMT and Selec tive Service Copr 1HI8 Central Surveys Inc Probe Brazil Munitions Dump Blast 40 Killed Rio De Janeiro ties Friday investigated possible sabotage of a Brazilian army am munition dump which exploded at Villa Militar 18 miles from Rio De Janeiro killing 40 persons and in juring nearly 300 The explosion occurred Thurs day night and fires still were burning Friday morning Army and police authorities were H Hillen head of the CIA told committee that condi tions m Colombia are similar to the United States except advanced a Hillenkoetter said Jorge Gaitan the Colombian liberal leader whose assassination touched off the revolution was a figure like Henry Wallace in our a man who played along with the extreme left and the communists Wallace was not immediately available for comment But C B Baldwin his third party campaign manager called Hillenkoetters as sertion contemptible When an assistant to Secretary Marshall even though he is anoth hate Baldwin said in a state ment it demonstrates that the state department is following the TrumanFonestalParnell Thomas line of smearing all opposition ine second warning in congress came from one of its own mem uOlS reported to have made Rep D o m 1 rl r T rests at trip srpno 4vn A n a ct L Jackson an observer for con gress who flew back from the Bo gota conference to report to his colleagues declared The uprising in Bogota was not something that just happened i i j rests at the scene of the disaster Weather Report FORECAST Deweys Office Denies Conference With Taft Albany Thomas b Deweys office denied Friday that Dcwey had held any recent meet ings with Sen Robert A Taft of Ohio Paul E Lockwood Deweys ex ecutive secretary issued the de ria was that Harold M Stassen reportedly told an Ohio audience that such a meeting took place He said such reports were wholly untrue Lockwood said Stassen appar ently is havirig an attack of candl datitis Mason City Fair and cooler Fri day night with lowest tempera ture near freezing Saturday becoming partly cloudy and warmer with afternoon high near 70 Iowa Fair and cooler Friday mght becoming partly cloudy and warmer Saturday Low Fri day night 33 north 38 south High Saturday 70 to 75 Iowa 5 day weather outlook Temperatures will average 4 to 6 degrees above normal Nor mal highs 59 north 63 south Normal lows 36 north 41 south Warmer Saturday Turning cool er Sunday Rising temperatures Monday Cooler again Tuesday or Tuesday night Precipitation will average about onetenth of an inch Little or no precipita tion until scattered showers Monday or Monday night Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday mght becoming mostly cloudy Saturday with scattered light ram or snow extreme north prrtion Warmer northwest por tion Friday night and southeast portion Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics ior 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 75 Minimum 40 At 8 a m Friday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 1 O j it represents additional stitches ir the cloth ot violence JEWS ARA MAJOR BATH Fear Casualties May Into Hundreds Jerusalem UR Fragmentary reports from the Haifa area indi cated Friday that Jews and Arabs are locked in a major battle in the Jezreel valley with casulties running into the hundreds on both sides The battle was reported to be a showdown fight to determine the fate of the entire Haifa coastal area and strategic upper Galilee for months to come Arab reports from Amman cap ital of TransJordan claimed that 750 Jews had been killed in a de cisive victory at Mishmar Haemek southeast ot Haifa scene of bitter fighting for more than a week Jewish reports in Jerusalem said 127 Arab casualties had been counted in the past 2 days fight ing Conflicting claims and lackof direct reports from the battle field obscured the true situation but 1 report said that 12000 Jews had surrounded 2000 Arabs in the Mishmar Haemek area The Arabs reportedly sent out a call for help This was denied by Arab league officials in Cairo However the new Arab radio at Nablus made an unprecedented admission of casualties saying 14 Arabs were killed in the fighting and 15 wounded during the pas 2 days These reports indicated that the Arab attacking force at Mishmar Haemek had been struck in the rear by Jewish reinforcements while the Jewish garrisons ot Mishmar Haemek launched a frontal attack Army Sending Combat Troops to Build Up Alaska Garrison Borrowing Soldiers From Mobile Reserve for Summer Training House Pushes Extension of Farm Support Washington The house ag riculture committee voted unani mously Friday to extend govern ment farm price supports to June 30 1950 The legislation now goes to the house floor for action Generally farm commodities new are sellingat prices above support levels The bill would reduce the sup port of cotton from 925 per cent of parity to 90 per cent of parity Parity is an artificial price base designed to give farmers a pur chasing power equal to that in some previous favorable period usually 19091914 This is what the committee pro poses 1 Price supports at 90 per cent of parity for the basic commodi ties cotton wheat corn tobacco rice and peanuts These supports now are at 90 per cent with the exception of cotton which is at 925 per cent 2 For socalled nonbasic com modities supports ranging from GO per cent of parity to the high est support level in force for 1948 with the exception of milk and milk products on which the sup port shall not be less than 90 per cent 3 Continue government author ity io impose acreage restrictions and to set marketing quotas How ever Chairman Hope RKans said that because of the large de mand for food and fiber there is little likelihood of any marketin quotas in the next year and a half the legislation price Without supports on nonbasic commodi ties will end Dec 31 I Washington The army without a single combat foot sol dier in Alaska Friday is borrow ing from its mobile reserve to build up the garrison in that northern outpost next door to Russia Antiaircraft and other ground combat units from the west coast and Hawaii wilt leave for Alaska shortly to undergo summer train ing in conjunction with air units the army said The effect of this summer training will be to bolster the present 7000man force now there pending action in congress on the proposal of Gen Omar Bradley army chief of staff to expand the permanent garrison to 15000 The number of troops to be bor rowed from the Hawaiian com mand and from the 2nd division at Ft Lewis Wash was not dis closed The army announcement Thursday night said only that they would establish a balance be tween air and ground forces in Alaska The 2nd division is part of the small mobile reserve of some 54 000 troops upon whom the United States counts to bolster overseas forces in event of a sudden emergency The Hawaiian command is not considered part of the mobile re serve but defense for the islands Troops sent from there for train ing in Alaska arc expected to be antiaircraft personnel The armys admission that it has no combat troops in the Alas kan command was by indirection In announcing the training as signmcnt the army statement com mented that at present about GO per cent of the garrison is air and the remainder army service troops Service troops are per sonnel whose job is to maintain in stallations handle cargo supplies load at but and unload not to fight Meanwhile both the air force and the Alaskan army command denied reports of strange doings in the territory These reports in cluded an assertion by Rep Mar garet Chase Smith RMe thai Russian planes had violated Alaska by flying across the bor ders and a Ketchikan newspaper story that a B29 which crashed near Nome last December had been hit by a Russian shell before it crashed The air force said None of its planes has crossed the border of Russia nor have there been any confirmed reports of Russian aircraft border of Alaska crossing the The B29 which crashed on De cember 24 did so because of pilot error mistaking a snowy hill for a cloud There was no indication of any damage to the plane before the crash The military picture also had highlights elsewhere Gen Lucius D Clay American commander in Europe denied a re port that he had ordered a sortie over Berlin by B2ffs drawn from a 28planc group which arrived in the western occupation zone Thursday In Washington the navy dis closed 3 submarines will be con verted to unusual uses One will be converted to carry cargo presumably weapons for use by commando troops Another will become an undersea troop transport And the 3rd will be a radar picket submarine The job of such a craft is to prowl far out surface and see what it can pick up on its radar scope in the way of activity telling of ship and aircraft movements Erratic Squirt of Water Brings Out Citys Firefighters Atlanta A misdirected drink of water brought out every piece of firefighting equipment in downtown Atlanta Thursday night and threw almost everyone into a dither af mammoth Grady hospital Later investigation revealed that an ambulance driver bending over a drinking fountain got his drink in the eye instead of his mouth reached for a towel but pulled a fire alarm box instead After suitable explanations the patients went back to sleep fire men returned to their station houses and the hospital staff turned back to work 16 NATIONS ARE UNITED IN PACT TO ASSURE AID Countries Agree to Join in Recovery Under Marshall Plan Paris Western Europe ior mally bound itself Friday to stand united in order to avoid falling into deeper poverty and Dedicate Large Cancel Research Laboratory New York UR A new 14 story cancer research laboratory largest of its kind in the world was dedicated Friday The laboratory which is part of Memorial hospital center for can cer and allied diseases was built at a cost of Most of the funds were provided by Alfred P Sloan Jr chairman of General Motors It will be known as the faloanKettering Institute for Can cer Research Jap Wartime Crime Trial to Tribunal The crimes ON WRONG sedan Sheriffs Office Photo hospital for cuts and bruises7 QelenlS andWlHam2 AI1werc heafcecl at Park were hospitalized Legislator Knudson Says Work Rushed on Contract Printing DCS Moines State Senator Herman M Knudson of Mason City told the state printing board Friday his Klipto LooseLeaf Printing Company is doing every thing possible to speed up com pletion of of 5 state printing con tracts Board members said previously some state departments were con cerned with the firms delay in fulfilling their contracts Knudson said the delay was due to the siortage paper and the short age of skilled labor But he assur ed the board the contracts would be handled satisfactorily The board awarded 10 contracts one of which is for printing an Iowa State college pamphlet on how to make salads Thirty thous and copies will be distributed to contract Printing of Marshalltown for Iowa housewives The to the Marshall JO tnal of former Premier Hideki To 10 who pulled the trigger on Pearl Harbor and 24 other wartime Japanese leaders ended Friday after more than 23 months of tes timony The fate of the 25 Japanese pen crais admirals diplomats and gov ernment ministers was placed in the hands of the 11nation far east international military tribunal winch is expected to hand down its verdict in 6 to 8 weeks The defendants were charged witi 55 war crimes ranging from murder to conspiracy to enslave the world The fnal prosecution plea urged the tribunal to make the defen dants bear the penalty for the guilt of a choice that plunged half the world into war The prosecution made no demand for the death pena ty for any of the defendants They made the choice for ag gression and for war the prose cution said And they made it freely and voluntarily For this choice they must bear the guilt 25 of the 28 originally in war leaders survived the divided war It did so in a 3000word chap ter signed in Paris The charter created a European organization of economic cooperation This organization is designed to assure efficient use of the the United States has pledged jit the European recovery program The charter was signed at a meeting of representatives of the 16 Marshallplan nations and oc cupied western Germany among them many foreign ministers The meeting was called to order by British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin in the French foreign minis trys clock room The preamble says A strong and prosperous European economy will contribute to the maintenance of peace The document names these con tracting powers Austria Belgium Britain Bcnmark France Greece Eire Iceland1 Italy Luxembourg Norway the Netherlands Portugal Sweden Switzerland Turkey and the French British and American zones of Germany They agree to try to get back on their economic feet as quickly as possiblein order to be able evenutally to dispense with any foreign aid of an exceptional char acter They promise to augment then production develop and modernize their industrial and agricultural equipment increase their ex changes reduce progressively bar riers to mutual trade encourage full employment of their man power They recognize the generous intention of the American people in supplying the dollars with which they hope to meet their goals In article one the nations as sign themselves as their Immedi ate task the setting up and ex ecution of a common recovery this end they here by institute a European organiz ation of economic cooperation They pledge themselves to bet ter use of the resources at their disposal in their homelands and in their overseas territories They will set up within the framework of the organization programs of production and of the exchange of goods and serv ices the charter says They will seek it adds to abol ish restrictions on their exchange and on their reciprocal pay ments They will pursue their studies now in course of customs unions or analogous systems such as zones of free trade the docu ment goes on The nations agree to cooper ate with other countries animated by the same intentions to reduce tariffs The charter specifies they shall be able to call upon the manpow er available in the territory of every other contracting party since for example Italy has a labor surplus and France a short age They provide for organs of in spection and supervision to be sure American aid and their own resources are used efficiently They agree to furnish the United States government ap propriate assistance and informa tion relative to the European re covery program recommendations and to to it make dicted nearly 2 years the trial has been running and only 23 of these were in court Friday when proceedings ended Two defendants died since the trial opened May 3 1946 They were Admiral Osami Nagano for mer chief of the naval general staff and Yosuke Matusuoka Japanese foreign minister in 1940 and 1941 The organization is empowered to make agreements with non member countries with the Unit ed States government and with international organizations This would allow or example trade pacts with Spain South America or eastern European na tions Unanimity is required for deci sions thus giving individual members veto power One out oi every 14 persons in the United States is 65 years of age or older While fls SAME 1847 UMtta ;

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