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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 12, 1948, Mason City, Iowa MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires IOWA MONDAY APRIL 12 0nS A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor The Real Significance of the Marshall Plan pASSAGE by overwhelming ma jority in both houses of con of the European recovery known as plan constituted an fv0v impost in Americas foreign policy In the past our country has ifLT1 fuU force wwhf there was a Decker Back in Hog Production 20CARLOADSOF PORKERS ENTER PACKING PLANT ve e other nations precipitate their con i men ton tnen stepped in to determine its outcome But adoption of the Marshall Plan serves impressive notice on the rest of the world that our country 1S prepared from this point on to accept leadership in peace no less than in war QUR past course has been under rrr HDL lfcLGllSll310 IO wmM our place in woiId affairs by internal growth as distinguished from external to be no nnn foreign than the Monroe doctrine with the rest of the world particularly Europe lcss by of Vf improvised our course of action to meet each problem as it arose Weve had no fixed for eign policy It took 2 world wars to reveal the inadequacy of this conduct of affairs Weve learn ed the hard way that Europes our warsthat to prevent a war in Eurone to prevent a war for America the adoption of the Mar our on shall plan weve turned back completely and finally the doctrine of isolationism Wev Firm in Mason City Advertises for Workers as Strike Continues Jacob E Decker and Sons be gan killing hogs Monday morn in despite the strike of more than 1000 ClOUnilcd Packinghouse Workers union members who were employed at the plant until the walkout March 16 Twenty carloads of hoes arrived by rail over the weekend auu the management announced Monday that killing had started Foremen and other supervisory persoimc m the plant were estimated be tween 70 and 100 by witnesses at the injunction hearinglast week Deckers also advertised Monday for workers They offered 10 hours a day and 7 days a week of em ployment with base pay of an hour time and a half over 8 hours a day and over 40 hours a week and double time for Sun days No attempt was made by the union pickets to stop the delivery of the hogs by rail to the plant Reopeniiiff of the plant for pro duction preceded by half a day the filingof Judge William P Butlers temporary injunction or der prohibiting the union from in terfering with traffic in or out of the plant But his restraining order of March 27 was in effect until the injunction was entered JL nvoi JVUK1VHJ JJUKINf STRTTCF A UlohcCazcttc Pholo of hogs to its Mason Gitv nfo Jacob E COmpiViy carloads Stassen Sees 300 Vote Lead in 1st GOP Nominating Ballot RUSSJANSHALf VIENNA TRAFFIC Russia Has Knowhow But Is Unable to Make Atomic Bomb Washington Secre tary Forrestal told congress Mon day that Russia knows how to make the atomic bomb but is not yet able to do so Forrestals admission came up in questioning before the house armed services committee which iSn a bill to draft men 13 through25 years of age After his testimony Forrestal was asked by reporters whether ie is certain that Russia does not nave an atomic bomb I would not care to amplify that he said I will have to lot COLOMBIA CUTS DIPLOMATIC TIE WITH RUSSIANS 2 Soviet Agents Art Arrested in Connection With Bloody Revolution By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Colombia has broken diplomatic relations with Soviet Eussia the government radio said Monday following the arrest of 2 Russian agents m connection with the rev olution which devastated down to vyn Bogota killed more than 300 Colombians and forced a revision m the government The government declared i communist insurrection h a ri brougrht about the mob fury which ruled Bogota and other large Colombian cities for 2 days and disrupted the interAmericaif con that stand moved into a foreign policy which is as clearcut and welldefined thrn foreign policy down through the centuries In this new foreign policy at noon Monday The injunction limits to 5 the number of pickets who may be on duty at one time at either gate and any more than that number would constitute mass which is specifically prohibited The injunction also prohibits more rZSSJSSSSSZtt FT tt L f a world power with certain ines capable responsibilities for world peace The mere winningof wars is no longer sufficient In words and actions that cant be misunderstood we are an nouncing to the world that our national strength and influence are on the side of precluding war and establishing the ideals of free E CROSSED TJNDER the terms of the Mar shall plan the United States more than 6 bil lion dollars in world aid Some of it will go to alleviate hunger and other forms of suffer Jiur But more of it will be direct ed toward promoting economic re covery Its ffoal is to make he other nations selfsupporting It isiit on a poor house or charity Since the close of World war II Wn 1i ntr i A any person entering the plant It sfites that the presence of any picket on the railroad track when cars or the switch engine aic using or about to use the track constitute unlawful picket The court found that a large per centage of the members of the union took no active part in the mass picketingbut that it would be impossible and impractical to differentiate so the injunction is issued against all of the members It is not the intention of this decree to prevent the defendants any of them from lawful and had told the commit tee am informed by Dr Vnn nevar Bush that the scientific knowledge and technical proced ures involved in the manufacture ot the atomic bomb are known to Russia but Use industrial capacity Rep Hebert inter rupted to ask We have no way of knowing when they will acquire the capacity to make the Thats right Forrestal replied Dr Vmmevar Bushis chairman of tne research board development 1 RETURNS AT OTTUMWA PLANT Predicts Victory by Strong Majority at National Convention Omaha E Stassen claimed here Monday on the eve of Nebraskas popularity primary that he will top all republican presidential candidates with 3nn votes on the first nominating bal iot at Philadelphia The former Minnesota governor arriving by plane for a campaign wmdup speech Monday night told a news conference he is confident He will win the support of Ne braska republicans in the primary luesday J Beyond that Stasseu said a new survey of his national strength in dicates he will have 300 of the 1 094 convention votes on the first test at the June meeting He said he is satisfied this will be greater than the total of any other candidate including Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York and Senator Robert A Taft of Ohio peaceful picketing without force threats or violence or intimida tion the order states Costs of the injunction proceed ings including the court hearing were taxed by Judge Butler against the union including a attorney fee for E G Dunn who was appointed by the court to represent the union members Other court and trial rests will amount to approximately S150 it was estimated In Chicago George A Eastwood iu boardand chief I We Evcret union A JJ Orman said he observed one man to return to work Monday a the John Morrell Co plant Orman and city policeme Policemen were at the plant from openingtime a 7 a in until about He said the one man who entered the plant is a cripple whose job it is to open doors Union officials said the back to work moxement fizzled Meanwhile union pickets took pictures of everyone who went i the plant for their office or supci visory or laboratory jobs which arc noi unionized executive officer of Armour and Company which owns the Mason lhe have poured out more than billion m relief Thus it will Te SefVhat allocating 6 bil lion dollars in world aid in the next 12 months we are assuming no new financial burden that billion covered in the v Marshall plan will go to the European nations China is to get million in f Ynacl1 lne board described assub economic aid and million in is a fair and reasonable military assistance A little less Jf accePted it will constitute than half a billion altogether a 4th postwar wa in City plant statement We have received the report of the presidential board of inquiry whose findings of facts hasMust been made public We are confirmed in our view 2s Turkey are to share million for military aid alone and the international childrens fund is to receive million Germany comes into the aid pro budTeted spending thfS I S army and Trieste is to get panys million from funds already hand and ifc win makc the hourly packing house than is paid iri aicas in 2gmcnt o the who are rep are making an album union spokesmen said Midwestern Demos Seek Dixie Unity Des Moiiies XP Directors of the democratic midwest conference Monday settled comfortably on the Truman for President band wagon and invited southern dem Dewey and Stassen gen erally are expected to be top run ners hi Tuesdays ballotinghere Stassen said his estimate of na tional strength was made without reference to the results of the Na braska voting which is not bind ing on the states 15 convention delegates also being elected Tues Twentyfour of the 32 delegate candidates however have pledged themselves to support the winner of Tuesdays contest on the first ballot at Philadelphia The former Minnesota governor said 19 of the 32 delegate candi dates are favorable to him Stassen said the results of last week s Wisconsin primary in which he won 38 of that states 27 delegate votes had influenced the national standing of the can didates m his favor He predicted hat his first bal would mount steadily and bring about lys nom nation Of the 300 Stassen said ic has 30 delegate votes in New England and the middle Atlantic tates 50 in southern and border tales 150 in the middle west and 0 in the far west A total of 548 s necessary for nomination Stassen said he does not think Here will be any convention Road Barrier Blocks U S Military Travel Vienna UR United States military and Austrian civilian traf tic on the International highway between Vienna and the American occupation zone of Austria was halted completely Monday by a hastily erected road barrier thrown up by the Russians Aus trianpolice Austrian officers at SI Pelten the mam town on the highway said a road barrier had been set un m the center of the town and traffic bound both ways was piler several hundred yards both sides of the barrier TheRussians apparently slopped all vehicular traffic until they hnrtSnle the road block the police said is a key transport 01 St Pelten 5 West m the highway running through the Soviet zone and connecting the i1 Vienna and western Austria The reported blocking of the ar lenal highway was the first major blow nMin American communi catons m Austria It was the lat v apparent campaign Vienna from the west and make it untenable for the nonSoviet occupation forces to Wallace in Des MoJnes Visiting III Mother DCS Moincs iJcnrv A V lace wgs Des Moincs hls criously il n eadlock He said the results i in allocated to Januarv stern and have been working rate since IO I liniiivtr llriiu ii western Surope is to be divid their help and with in this manner Production in the slowly rStorinS o basis so that the interests producers and meat m not be ChIonger Great Britains portion is to be about U billion Frances share li billion about 750 million Belgium Luxembourg and the will share mil1 TI f hon and the W other countries of cinSnn and con Europe will split SI 900 has requested 000000 These include Denmark ln on Wednesd Norway and Sweden companys representatives attend such meeting TN the working out ot things these dollars will not all bo tt TT fii v to JumP aboard too The directors sent the southern democratic conference at Atlanta Oa meeting Monday and Tuesday a resolution eallinff upon the a Pledsre to accept the result and unite be hind our platform and candidates and Visconsin pointed away from any ucn stalemate Asked about reports that Dewey and Taft had agreed to pool their support at the convention Stag sen said he had been informed that conferences had been held of the fereiicc In calling home their diploma tic representatives to Russia the Colombians took the same action that had been ordered last Oc tober by Brazil and Chile The official Bogota radio said 15 foreign agents in all had been found some of them alive The broadcast announced that the interAmerican conference will resume iu Bogota so that com munism could not triumph over Colombia and the rest of the na tions of the hemisphere Possible joint action against communism by the American nations is one of the problems slated for discussion The government declared the revolutionary effort was ended and that it controlled the situa tion Monday As in confirmation a dispatch filed through the U S state department said that Bogo tans at dawn Monday began com ing out of their homes iu num bers unequaled since Friday night They saw a city wrecked as if m an air raid Public buildings Roman Catholic churches and stores had been burned and looted Army troops firing at snipers had blasted the spire off Santa Barbara church A new conservativeliberal cab met headed by Liberal Darrio Lchaiidia as minister of govern ment was formed Saturday and took office Sunday The capital itself was short of food for its 325000 or so inhabi tants and for conference visitors from 21 American republics It waited to see whether workers after a relatively quiet Sunday woulo stay out Monday in a gen T ft ji Judge Orders Mine Chieftain to Stand Trial for Contempt Lewis gave his 40000 Western Allies to Return Million Looted Gold to Italy Washington state de partment said Monday ti looted gold will be returned to taly soon by the FrenchBritish American gold commission The announcement came 6 days before the critical elections in Italy Press Officer Roger Tubby told a news conference the department has received word from commis sion headquarters in Brussels that the Italian governments claim has been allowed almost in full The 3 power gold commission was set up 3 years ago to pass on the claim to gold looted by the nazis from various allied nations This is the 2nd distribution of gold to Italy About was allocated io the Italian govern ment last Oct 17 Hold Man for Shooting in Mason City A hearing will be held Tuesday morning in municipal police court for Robert Kimball Jr 32 417 3rd N E who is being held for inves fion begun with the ear The visitors among them U S Of State George c Marshall and Secretary of Corn merce W Averell Harriman all were reported safe many of them in Bogotas little disturbed resi dential sections But some mostly ready had been flown out of the 4 transports returned to VIbrook field in the Panama Ca iai Zone Sunday nigrht with 86 passengers from Bogota were U S women Reliable sources nt thp Thirty field aid Marshalls C54 and other roop carriers would leave for Bo dition here reported in serious con Jn her hotel apartment gota early Monday weather perl mittmg to bring back Marshall nnd others The latest pooled dispatch from correspondents in Bogota said however Marshall was reported to stick it out to the party It was one of 7 resolutions adopted by the directors aTameet Sunday The republi spenT i sSSL aiS vFrher Tlslta r and China and all parts of the RUSSiS Msgr Edward founder of Fath s boys home at Cuba to S S5V S CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 A Austria and Italy in cans to the same program FELLOWSHIPTO ISC PHYSICIST genheim memorial fellowship night n Mrs condltlon during the ligation in connection with an y Sunday morning shooting which sent Clarence McFarland 57 to the hospital The shootingoccurred about 15 a m at 203i Glh S W where Mc 1arland lives Kimball entered a stairway to the McFarland apart ment and fired twice with a r ffause shotgrun Chief of Police Harold E Wolfe said and then went upstairs and fired through a door to the bedroom where Itf Farland was The blast ripped through a door broke a window and hit MacFar lancl on the left arm Chief Wolfe SaidWhen Officers Joe Hearity and Glen Wilson they took the gun from Kimball and found it still loaded according to the Chief McFarland was reported in good condition at the Park hospital Monday where he was treated for 1012 pellets which entered his arm Kimball who has a police rec ord said he only meant to scare McFarJand the Chief said he was told He had been at the apart ment a short time before and had an argument with McFarland over children oC a former wife vis iting the place police stated Two of the children aged 9 and 11 were in the building at the time of the shooting contempt of court charge The charge is that Lewis dis obeyed an April 3 court order to call off the strike forthwith Settlement of the pension issue touched off the coal strike on March reached at an early morning conference of the 3 trustees of the United Mine Workers welfare fund It was reached by a 2 to 1 vol Lewis and Senator Styles Bridges RN the new impartial 3rd trustee voted for the pension plan Ezra Van Horn representing the operators voted against it The settlement provides a pen sion of 5100 a month for miners affed 62 or older with 20 years of service and who retired after May 28 194C Under the settlement formula Lewis was forced to yield a little from his original demands which called for pensions lor all miners and former miners aged 60 with 20 years service The original Lewis demand would have made any miner eligible no mat ter how long ago he had retired Operators had objected to that proposal and also wanted retire ment age set at at least 65 years The contract signed last July jrovided for a pension but left de ails ro the 3man board of trus ees Inability of the original trustees to agree on a plan re sulted m the strike The court ruling promptly raised some doubt as to how many miners would so back to despite settlement of the hspute which touched off the valkout March 15 It had beea expected that the Timers would begin returning to he pits with the night shift late Monday But some union district leaders had conditioned the turn on the contempt action cJAdams editor of re NCW York Sovernor got a m if not in ballots where they countfrom a poll in house Of those who replied the rreat cst number 24 thoujrht Devvey would stand the best chance of beinsr elected if he won the top nomination hersin order were Sena lowan Killed When Hit by Police Car He 1 i P P associate professor nf Physics and a staff mmbcr of the mstitute for atomic research His Project will be a study of the energy oss of fast ions in their passage through matter Arthur Vandenberg 19 Gen gjas MacArthur 18 House Speaker Joseph Martin 13 Taft 13 Stassen 9 Gen Dwight D Eisenhower 6 Senator Edward K Pennsylvania 1 and Gov Earl Warren of California 1 Answering the question as to or th 48 year old grain elevator employe was walking across West when SS C J Turpen With him was Pa trolman George A Jorgenseri policemen were enroute to a report later proved prm neous ttat an intruder had broken into a business place Brandel was pronounced dead on his arrival at a hospital Stassen order acArthur 12 Vandenberg 10 War ren 5 and one each for Raymond SenntorjShS W Bnckcr ROh o nnd Scnalor Leverett Saltonstall RMass SAME CBUck mnini trmffi Mil T T i tawA TinG United Mine Workers Journal and a 1le1cluent spokesman for Lewis said he did not know what effect the Goldsborough ruling would have on the backtowork order He Lewis didnt tell them to goi put Adairi said The miners will do what they please Meanwhile the office of defense transportation said it would lake no immediate action to rescind its order reducing operations on coal burning railroads to onehalf of normal effective Thursday The strike already had cut deep ly into vital steel production and had idled thousands of workers m industries dependent upon coal n j was Estimated to have idled 600000 workers It cut steel production io 28 7 per cent below capacity the low est since Dec 9 1946 and perhaps cost the nation 215000 new auto mobiles and trucks The miners were estimated to have lost in wages dur ing each of the 4 weeks they were out Coal production loss was fie ured at about 40000000 tons dur ing the strike Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Contin ued cool Low Monday night 35 to 40 High Tuesday near 45 Iowa Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with thun dershowers in southeast and ex treme east portions Continued coo Low Tuesday night 3fi north to 44 south High Tuesday 44 to 48 Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Light rain extreme southeast and scattered light ram or snow northwest portion Tuesday afternoon Con tinued cool IN MASON CITY i Lock Photo is the upstairs room AFTER SHOTGUN SHOWERThis fo statistics 101 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum fi4 Minimum 3 At 8 a m Monday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum 27 weather a or hour period endinj oclock Sunday morninE Maximurh Minimum At 8 m Sunday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum
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