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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LIV MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THE NEWSPAPER THAT I Associated Press and Ututed Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 2 1948 Thto Paper Consists of Two No CONGRESS DEFEATS TAX CUT VETO Iowa GOP Picks 15 Men for National Confab DELEGATES ARE MUM ON CHOICE FOR PRESIDENT 3rd District Selects Roach of Plainfield Tye of Marshalltown DCS Moines men and one woman were chosen dele gates to the republican national convention in 8 district caucuses Friday While workers for each of the leading candidates for the GOP presidential nomination claimed a portion of the delegates the dele gates themselves declined to com mit themselves publicly Immediately following the 8 caucuses the partys state con vention convened for business This included selection of 7 dele gates at large to complete the states delegation of 23 to the GOP convention opening in Philadelphia June 21 The gained delegateatlarge contest interest with announce ment that Gov Robert D Blue and Senators George A Wilson and B B Hickenlooper had with drawn their names from consider ation The third district caucus elect ed Howard Roach riainfield and Joe B Tyc Marshalltown dele gates to the national convention and Miss Ida Caine Iowa Falls and Joe B Clay Cedar Falls as alternates Other third district officials were Credentials committee Boyd G Hayes Charles City permanent organization commit tee E B Stillman Clear Lake rules committee Lowell Ransom Ionia resolutions committee v x iSril xjCSVS cltCllOO J i i ci llOUllIIci COiiilii At R Stuart Hampton Nominated for delcgaleat large was Hanford MacNider Ma son City The sixth district delegates to national convention are Arthur W Smith Emmetsburg and Wal ter S Merryman fort Dodge with Mrs H E Woodward Whittemore and Clark McNeil Belmond as alternates Others elected are credentials committee Mrs C E Watts Jef ferson permanent organization committee Dudley Weible Forest City rules committee Franklin Jaqua Humboldt resolutions committee Floyd E Page Deni son delegateatlarge nominating British Move Train Through Red Blockade Berlin score of Ameri can planes flew food and passeng ers into Berlin Friday and the British moved 2 freight trains to the city despite the advertised Russian blockade of land traffic not submitting to soviet inspec tion The British reported they had no special trouble in getting heir trains to the city The U S army issued orders for movement of a similar train Saturday While the soviets had announced that all incoming passenger trains and outgoing passenger and freight trains had to be inspected their regulations on incoming freight were more vague The soviet order merely stated that incoming freight trains will be cleared on the basis of accompanying docu ments In the past commanders of military freight trains operated by the western powers that pre sented waybills listing the trains contents for border patrols British authorities said this pro cedure was followed on their trains Friday and the Americans prepared to try it Saturday Earlier Friday the Russians in rejecting western protests at traf fic barriers hinted at new moves to squeeze the Amcricari British and French out of Berlin The so viet newspaper Taegliche Ruiid schan said sharper measures will be ordered if present restrictions do not end what the Russians de scribe as an excessive movement of Berlins industrial assets towarc the west Gen Lucius D Clay U S com mander declared no evacuation is to be ordered for American women and children dependents of sol diers or military government workers Thousands of Danish bottles of milk were strapped into TEACHERS IN Iowas youngsters got a vacation Friday while their teachers Avent to school Here are a few of the approximately 1500 teachers who jammed the halls of Mason City high school at the end of the tore GlobeGazcUe Photo noon session of the 26th annual convention of the north central district of the Iowa State Education association There were half as many again as there usually are pupils in the halls The administrations program as embodied in the full employment bill passed in the senate in the fall of 1945 is certainly the best one worked out so far for permanent prosperity in the atomic age Stu art Chase noted New York com mentator on economic and social s told more than 1500 lin where American housewives torium Friday ri committee Biitt Mrs Ray Roberts Stassen forces attempted in 2 of the district caucuses to get ap proval for presidential preference polls but were defeated in both instances Except for a few contests for some ot each districts 2 dele gates the caucuses were run off without a ripple An attempt by a Stassen work er to get a poll in the first district caucus was squelched in a hurry by an adjournment motion which was declared carried by a voice vote In the V4th district caucus 2 at tempts to get a poll were voted clown In the first district caucus George Brown of Mechanicsville led the move and in the 4th dis trict the leaders were John Diehl of Newton and L V Phelps of Grinnell The 2nd district ironed out some controveries Thursday night and considerably improved the chances of National Committeeman Harri son E Spangler of Cedar Rapids being reelected The 2nd districts choice of Don Hines of Cedar Rapids for a nom inating committee membership ap parently assured Spangler ot nomination as a delegate at large Tins would give the committee man a better starting poistion for reelection Although there has been some undercurrent of talk against reelection of Spangler no committeeman candidates have been mentioned The nominating committee com posed of one representativeof each congressional district will recom mend the delegates at large Some district caucuses however made their own recommendations for delegates at large After the 23 delegates are chosen they will meet probably Friday night In such meetings the dele gates sometimes choose the na tional committeeman and commit teewoman and sometimes the choices arc left until the dele gates meet at the national conven tion The national committecwornan had expressed cuucem over tupj Mr Chase whu has wnlleii 21 plies There were adequate supplies of other foods on hand however supply officers said and they ex pressed confidence enough would be furnished for all The women of the American sector for the most part were not alarmed One of their greatest concerns seemed to be over the receipt of mail on time British and Russian troops faced each other for 12 hours Thursday and Thursday night across a road block the Russians had set up in the British sector of Berlin The small Soviet detachment finally abandoned the barrier early Fri day The British sent their men in after lodging a vain protest Five U S P47 Thunderbolt fighters landed Friday at the RheinMain airport in Frankfurt where Berlinbound planes were taking off After staying an hour and a half 4 of the fighters re turned to their base near Munich The 5th was understood to have engine trouble Air forces officers said the flight was a routine prac tice affair There is a 20mile wide air cor ridor between Frankfurt and Ber lin One pilot said he saw soviet fighter planes outside the corridor Friday but added thats normal Pilots on the FrankfurtBerlin shuttle denied a recurring report that some of the American planes had been buzzed by Russian fight ers is Mrs Charles S Ccntcrville Hickman of Man Killed in Auto and Oil Truck Crash Emerson R Stevens 28 of Little Rock Ark was killed Thursday night when the car he was driving was in collision with an oil transport truck 3 miles west of Emerson on highway 34 Robert M Soule Fort Wayne Ind driver of the transport suf feredbruises as did William S Swope St Joseph Mo a passen ger in the Stevens car SAME Black traffic detlh In 24 hours Want Amendment Repealed Keokuk of the 16th amendment which gives congress the power to collect income taxes without distributing any ot the revenue to the stales is urged in a resolution to congress by the Keo kuk Chamber of Commerce OOKS on economics in as many ears spoke at the afternoon ses ion of the 26th annual conven ion of the North Central Iowa Mstrict of the Iowa Slate Educa ion Association His subject was Concepts for the Atomic Age Dividing his subjects into 3 jarts Mr Chase first presented vhat he termed the long view of makingprosperity permanent and jave 6 reasons why mass unem ployment that followed the 1929 rash would not be tolerated again First we know that prosperity can be controlled said Mr Chase We did it during the war What is physically possible there ore is financially possible We do not have to worry much about where the money is coming from If we have deep unemploy ment we cant service the nation al debt and we will have to repu diate it Today the debt 253 bil ion dollars The whole world has gone in or collectivism leaving the United States as the only nation on earth with free enterprise still advo cated Our system is on trial as lever before Russian strategy is based in part on a confidence that we are joing into a deep depression If ve do it willjhurt us seriously in our cold war jmth Russia We now have 15 million veter ans back in economy with the No 1 objective a good job Veterans with families according to the New York Times will control one third to onehalf of the nations votes which is a terrific potential pressure group These 6 charges make the Unit ed States of 1948 a very different place than in 1939 according to Mr Chase In the 2nd part of his analyses he look up the short term view The commodity price break of Feb 4 he termed the end of the creeping inflation I think we have reached the end of it though I might be wrong Whether or not we are going down and how far I dont know and neither does anybody else When the Marshall plan begins to operate together with the new armament program this will act as a road block These are only temporary stimulants to unem ployment however The middle of the road pro gram in which the government guarantees a high level of em ployment but duesnt get into business itself stimulates perma nent Mr Chase said thatvarious fis cal devices are already in the tool kit such as the income tax rates and the Social Security rates plus public works if needed We must try first to combine both freedom and prosperity said Mr Chase The increasing need and in creasing difficulty of adequate school financing was stressed by Dean T B Edmonson of the schoo of education at the University of Michigan in his address Friday forenoon He spoke to a packed auditor ium at the Mason City high school at the morning session of the 26th annual convention of the north central Iowa district of the Iowa State Education association More than 5000000 increase in elementary school population is expected during the next 10 years Dean Edmonson warned At the same time he said school author ities will be continuously con fronted with the intense competi tion for funds for governmental lie also predicted that the con trol oE schools by state govern ments will continue to increase especially in the matters of fi nance the curriculum school buildings and teacher welfare In creased efforts also will be made he addedby minority interest groups in economic occupational patriotic political and religious fields to modify the schools in terms of their own viewpoints Dean Edmonson summarized the prospects for the future in 14 state ments 1 More widespread rec ognition of the outstanding suc cesses of American education 2 Increased enrollments especially in the elementary school 3 Longer periods of schooling for more youth 4 Many extensions and improvements in the curricu lum 5 More adequate provision for the needs of individual pupils 6 Increased conflicts between schools and pressure groups 7 Increased salaries and greater prestige for the teaching profes sion 8 Increased competition for the more attractive teaching positions 9 More state and fed eral control of education 10 In creased recognition of the imporl ince of the school as an agency or conserving the ideals and pur poses of American democracy 11 VIore generous financial support ot schools 12 Heavier responsibili ties on professional organizations of teachers 13 Heavier demands on educational leadership 14 In creased recognition of the need for realer expertness in the inter Dretation of the school by teach ers administrators and school of 7500 Teachers Hold Session In Mason City Stuart Chase Points Way to Prosperity We come North Iowa Teachers ficials Cars from the 16 North Iowa Bounties were lined up for blocks near the high school and inside the high school there was a regu lar traffic jam with teachers stop ping to greet friends and lining up to register before entering the auditorium for the first session Above the dialler in Ihe halls floated the music of the Monroe junior high band playing in the auditorium under the direction of J J Fitzgerald The stage was gala with pots of varied colored hydrangeas banking Ihe front The morning session opened with the invocalion by the Rev Wilbur F Dierking Supl Law rence H Shepoiser in behalf ol the Mason City Chamber of Com merce and the local teachers gavvc a brief welcome to the visiting teachers Charles F Martin executive secretary of the I S T A brought greetings from the state associa tion and urged the teachers not to forget their political friends bu turn out at the primaries to vote for their public spirited candi dates It is logical to assume such a candidate is one with the same point of view as we have hi said He pointed out that at thi next assembly the association i moving in with the request of no less than onefourth state aid fo the total cost of the schools rpHERES Q very special welcome for North Iowas JL school teachers gathered in Mason City for their annual spring conference Public appreciation of the role played by our schools in modern society has probably never been more high than at this moment impressive proof of this was contained in the schco adopted bvr lost general as sembly Along with the tangible benefits provided for in that legislation was a recognition of some prin ciples which will increase in meaning with the years For one thing it is now acknowledged that the state has a responsibility for seeing that every young ster in our state is provided with adequate educa tional opportunities no matter how poor his own family or how poor his community The actual implementation of that principle ad mittedly isnt on the large scale at present But it promises much in the years ahead when our schco population will be expanding in pronounced measure That trend is already in evidence To meet this problem of educating more children there will have to be a sizable expansion of physical facilities and an increased number of teachers in our schools These things are primarily a public respon sibility But of and by themselves they will not be enough Along with the necessity for MORE teachers there will be a companion necessity for BETTER teachers This latter is primarily a responsibility of the teach ing profession And as understand it this is a principal con cern of the convention to which Mason City is play ing host at this time Thats why the meeting is one of special significance and value Thats the reason for the very special welcome to which we have referred House Votes Compromise Global Aid Washington The house thundered approval Friday of the foreign aid program to check the rush of communism across 2 continents The vole was 317 to 75 Voting for the bill were 167 republicans and 150 democrats Against it were 62 republicans 11 democrats and 2 American laboriles Senate passage scheduled before nightfall will send the measure to President Trumans desk to be signed into law Mr Truman is expected to act swiftly What the house approved was a final compromise plan worked out late Thursday night by sen atehouse foreign affairs experts It includes a one year European recovery program for military help for Greece and Turkey in economic and military aid for China and for the United Nations fund for children The single package measure containing provisions for both economic and military aid is de signed to send American dollars flowing into world trouble zones to help stem Russian expansion It provides for 1 for the first 12 months of a year European re covery program in which 16 west ern European nations and western Germany will lake part on self help basis 2 in assistance to China Of that amount 000 is to be used for economic purposes The remaining 000000 is set aside for use in any way the nationalist government of Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek sees for military supplies to carry on the civil war against the Chinese communists 3 in military aid r Greece and Turkey This is OXLiii iriOl BECOMES LAW Truman Turns Down Bill Because of Undermining Government Finances BULLETIN Washington gress Friday enacted into law ovrer President Tru mans veto a 000 income tax cut for Americas 52000000 tax payers Passage of the hill making the tax slash effec tive as of last January 1 was clinched when the sen ate rolled up better than the twothirds majority re quired to kill a veto Washington I7P The house Friday passed the tax cut bill over President Tru mans veto The vote was 311 to 88 This was 45 more than the twothirds needed to overturn a veto Iowas 8man republican dele gation voted to override the veto Voting to override were 229 re publicans and 82 democrats Sup porting the veto were 84 demo crats 2 republicans and the 2 American labor parly members Republicans voting to sustain the veto were Representatives Carl Andersen of Minnesota and Mor ton of Kentucky That put it up to the senate whether taxpayers are to get the cut in spite of Mr Trumans ob jection that it would undermine the soundness of our government finances at a time when world peace depends upon the strength of the United States The senate took up President Trumans tax bill veto in mid afternoori Friday but the exact time of a vote was uncertain Leaders said the senate would vote to override the veto rnd make CliL iuw jJcjOtci tHi UtiJ iS to extend a program May when congress voted done Such leading democrats as 000000 in military and economic help to the 2 strategically located Mediterranean nations Greece like Chin a is with civil war Turkey is under renewed pressure from Moscow to give the soviet union a voice in control of the Dardanelles 4 560000000 for the interna tional childrens emergency fund set up by the United Nations Warmer Weather in Iowa Over Weekend DCS Moiiies weath er is forecast for Iowa over the weekend Meanwhile the air was sharp Friday and brisk northwest winds blew across eastern and northern Iowa The low temperature early Fri day was 22 above at Sioux City and Spencer Thursdays Iowa high was 58 at Council Bluffs The weather bureau said tem peratures the next 5 days would be near normal Normal highs range from 54 to iO General rains are predicted day for eastern Iowa Sun Wife Changes Plea of Husband Before Judge Iasadcna Cal UR said Edgar A Pratt 52 when he appeared before Judge J Russell Morton Thursday for a minor traf fic violation A determinedlooking woman strode forward from the rear of the courtroom I told you to plead not guilty she declared Pratlturned to the judge My wife he explained The judge nodded with under standing and changed Ihe plea 2 Farmers Injured in Airplane Crackup Cedar Rapids Illinois farmers injured in a plane crash at Monticello Thursday were in a Cedar Rapids hospital Friday Don Welsh 44 of Utica anc Wilbur Holzer 39 oil La Salle were injured when their 2seater plane crashed on a takeoff from the Monticello field The men were enroute to Spencer and Es thcrville and had made a brief stop here i They were reported in fairly good condition Youthful Chemist 17 Jpsets Neighborhood New York Her nilh Jr a 17yearold high school student was charged by police Friday with illegally manufactur ing explosives Neighbors had complained he blew up an iron park fence and broke 20 nearby windows with a mixture concocted rom his chemistry set Mayor Dies Suddenly 3 Days After Election Charter Oak UR Three days after his reelection as mayor here Otto Hoeffer 56 dropped dead at Battle Creek Iowa Hoeffer died in his soninlaws store Thursday 2 Boys and Dog Found Dead in Refrigerator Pa Yo cum 4 Dale Shore 14 and their pet dog were found dead Thurs day in an old ice refrigerator Po lice said the door of the icebox apparently locked behind the boys after they climbed into the box to piny Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Fri day night Saturday rising tem peratures Low Friday night near 20 High Saturday near 44 Iowa Fair Friday night Colder east and central portions Satur day partly cloudy with rising temperatures Low Friday night from 20 northeast to 26 south west High Saturday 44 north east to 50 southwest Minnesota Fair Friday night colder extreme east and not quite so cold extreme north west Saturday partly cloudy to cloudy with rising temperatures Light rain or snow northwest Iowa 5Day AVeather Outlook Temperatures will average near normal Normal high 54 north 60 south Normal lows 32 north 37 south Warmer Sat urday and Sunday Colder late Sunday night and Monday Warmer again by Wednesday Precipitation will average near onehalf inch eastern Iowa less than onequarter inch western as general rain east and scattered showers west on Sunday Rain likely again about Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 46 Minimum 25 At 8 a m Friday 2fi Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum to Senators Lucas of Illinois and George of Georgia said they would vote to override The measure cuts taxes on 1948 income for all the 52000000 in come taxpayers and drops 7400 000 with smaller incomes from the taxpaying rolls Slashes range from 126 per cent in the lowest bracket to 5 per cent in the high est The house acted within the hour after it got a vigorously worded veto message from Mr Truman The president told the legisla tors that this was no time to cut taxes He also said the bill they sent him was not gave too much of the cut to those with larger incomes On the vote many influential democrats lined up with the re publicans to brush aside his argu ments Republican Leader Halleck ot Indiana got out a statement noting that Mr Truman vetoed 2 tax cutting bills last year This he said is just an ex tension of his stubborn opposition to muchneeded tax relief and equalization Speaker Martin RMass said congress can makethe tax cut and still meet the governments spend ing needs for a stronger national defense There were similar comments from other republicans House Democratic Leader Ray burn of Texas issued a statement supporting the veto He said he can see no way to reduce taxes by and at the same time do the honest straightfor ward thing and make our cation secure from attack and stop the aggression of desperadoes in the world Stassen Wins 3 of 4 Delegate Places in Maine Convention Portland Me favorable to Harold E Stassen captured three of the first four delegate places filled Friday at the Maine republican state con vention The fourth delegate chosen was noncommital about his presi dential preference The delegates were chosen in district conventions which named six Seven of the states 13 dele gates will be elected from the floor of the convention later Fri day Maines national delegates norm ally go unpledged and there were no indication the full convention meeting later in the day would al ter this tradition Old Story Vallcio Cal Charles L Williams 3 children didnt vseem a bit impressed when their mother rave birth to twins The 3 you see
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