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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LIV HOME EDITION AtaocUttd mid United Preu Full Leased rive Cents a MASON crrr IOWA MONDAY MARCH is ms One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W HALL Managing Editor When the Chautauqua Was in Its Heyday MENTION the word chautauqun to a modern youngster and about the only response youll get is n blank look Occasionally youll find one who is familiar with a New York state lake by that name But far more often the reaction will be I dont get you For the person of middle ape however or older the word chau iauqua is fraught with meaning For thousands as in my own case lie word brings hack some ex tremely pleasant memories Jt was at this annual summer chautauqua encampment that I was first exposed to what in later days came to be known as cul ture And my own experience I venture is the experience of many others of my generation JN this little visit with you Ill be proceeding with 2 purposes m mind One will be to acquaint todays youth wilh this amazing institu tion of bygone days The other will be to call back these pleasant boyhood memories for those whose span stretches hack to the days when the chaii tauqua was in full flower A book recently off the press titled We Called It Culture pro vided me wilh thc idea for the commentary get into my subject 1 dc I This Coudata of Two Ojwt fefo 1M Work Stoppage Spreads in Soft Coal Pits 1 ciclccl to explore the encyclo pedia and find out how extensive an imprint the chautauqua had made on this storehouse of infor mation Here are some of the things I discovered in that tome Chautauqua a name given to a remarkable system of popular education which is the evolution of a Sunday School assembly held nt Chanlauqna Lake N Y in the summer of 1871 for the instruc tion of Sunday School teachers Thc plan of the founders of the Miller of Akron Ohio and the Rev after ward Bishop John H Vincent was for religious instruction only But thc scope of the work soon broadened until it aimed at an education that should be at oner 1 1 1 V HERS LEAVE IN SUPPORT OF LEWIS DEMAND Nearly Half of Nations 400000 Diggers Quit Over Pension Dispute riUshurgh halt o the nations 400000 soft coal min ers laid clown their picks Monday in support of John L Lewis de mand for miner pensions The United Mine Workers walkout rapidly gained major pro portions as reports came in from the leading coal producing states West Virginia No 1 coal producci in the country counted 60000 oi its W5000 miners idle Kentucky was second with 45000 and Penn sylvania third with All of Illinois 23000 wero out In other states the totals showed Alabama 10000 Ohio 6500 Indiana 2000 Tennessee 1500 There were no reports Monday any Iowa inir s closing The UMW has about 2000 Iowa members but only about 1000 ot them have been working this win ter There was no report of violence The miners quietly registered their unwillingness to work by failing to report at the pits Hugh White Illinois UMW pres ident declared The m i n c r s havent been ordered out by any official Its a protest on he part of the individual miner against the action of the coal operators in re fusing to comply with contract provisions for pensions It was a different story in the hard coal regions of Pennsylvania where 75000 anthracite workers were on the job as usual A UMW spokesman there said It doesnt ook like there will be any reac tion to the spreading stoppage of soft coal diggers He added anthra cite miners were satisfied with ad ministration of their welfare fund r v j i t i t 11 WI I II 1 W It 111 intellectual ethical nncl spiritual It is a separate fund operated inclc The iilca of the Chautaunua assembly spread through America and local chautamiuas sprang up everywhere These assemblies employed popular lecturers and entertainers unrt held sessions of several days which were larpcly attended At the peak of their popular ity there were approximately of these chaulaiiquas TMIATS Ihc overall story of the L chautauqua told in sweeping strokes and outline form much as Genesis tells the story of cre ation It isnt the story of the Ghan tnuqua at Jefferson Iowa which 1 attended annually from 1905 to J915 Nor is it Ihc story of the chaulauoua at Clear Lake Jowa the gramldaddy of chautainjiias in this area The fact of the matter is that every chautauqua is a story unto itself how it got started a register of its talent drawn from timeyellowed programs its financial problems and how ulti mately the decision to pull up dftilriif ottrl nn I 1 i i slakes and reached call it a day wns DUT because it was thc first Lf cbnufnurjua in Jowa and pcr hiips in the entire middle west a special interest attaches lo Ihc one held at Clear Lake In a number ot respects it duplicates he story of the original chautauqua held on the Jake by that name in south western New York The Clear Lake chautauqua as sembly was organized at Clear Lake clear back In 187C only 30 years after Iowa achieved state hood and only 2 years nftcr thc establishment of the original as sembly at Lake Clmnlaiiqua As was the case wilh the or ifiinil chaulauqua emphasis for the first 20 years was centered on religious instruction and inspira tion with preachers rather ex clusively in charge of the annual encampment Methodists predom inated TN hose early days Ihc sum A metsessions were more iden tified as campmeetings than as chautauquns Today a section of Clear Lake is popularly known as the old campgrounds Its proximity lo the lake with its bathing boating and fishing was a factor of no little consequence m thc success of the early day en campments As thc years rolled on there was a gradual transition in the pro grams away from purely rclljr pus instruction and in the direc tion of popular entertainment and name sneakers The Ep ivorth League had come into the Picture quite actively too By the turn of the century thc Clear Lake assembly in its pro Krarn had acquired the marks of nr chautauqua entertaln but Jt wasnt until 6 years Inter in 1006 that this designa tion was actually applied JN the 10year period between assembly enjoyed its bcstnpatron CONTINUED ON PAGE Lewis has demanded 10 monthly pensions for miners Gi years of age or more who have 21 years service in the pits The op erators contend its loo cxpen sivc At present the welfare fund made up of lOccntsatonroyaltj on coal paid by thc operators con tains SEEKTRUCEIN PALESTINE RIFT Big Powers Ask Arabs Jews to Stop Fighting New York big power Monday called on Arabs anc Jews to agree on a truce for Pal estine Both the Jewish agency and thc Arab higher committee for Pales tine were asked in writing to an swer by Tuesday whether they would enter into a ceasefire pact The big powers also decided to call on the C Arab countries in the United Nations to agree to cooperate in effecting the truce The truce move came after the Arab higher committee repeated before a secret meeting of the big powers that it would not accept the U N project to partition thc Holy Land Marshall Sees Tragic Consequences If Aid to Greece Is Stopped Washington OP Secretary of State Marshall told senators Mon day that it thc United States stops aid to Greece the consequences will be swift and tragic Marshall testified for 2 hours before the senate foreign relations committee on the administrations request for additional military aid for Greece and Turkey Marshall said what he had to tell the senators behind closed doors But after the session thc com mittee released a statement he had given it In it Marshall said that serious as it is the Greek situation is not without hope No More U S Aid to Italy If Reds Win Washington state de partment said Monday that if Italy goes communist she will get no further economic aid from the United Stales A statement emphasized that ibis means the Italian communist party would be the one to decide whether to shut Ilaly off from American aid Italy has been receiving help under the emergency foreign aid program and is down for aid under the socalled Marshall plan Michael McDcrmolt press offi cer made the announcement on what will happen if Italy goes communist in the elections next month He said senate debate on the European recov lowas Vote Washington sen ators George A Wilson and H 15 Hickenlooper both republi cans split on the European re covery program hill passed Sat urday night 69 to 17 Hicken looper voted Tor passage and Wilson against it cry program made it clear the senate opposes aid to any com munisldomimilod country If the communists should win we cant believe will be Hie case knowing the spirit and feeling ot the would be no further question ot assistance from the United States McDermott said The aid program was passed by the senate early Sunday and in the house there ire Indications of a disposition to speed action there In a session Monday forenoon lowever the house foreign affairs committee turned down a move to consider the European aid bill as cparate legislation from other aid rograms Instead the committee stuck to Is previous decision to keep all orcign aid both economic and Military in n singlo hill Tim ciiimiiiUci viil liual inj senate bill as part of a larger measure providing also for eco nomic aid for China nncl military help for Greece and Turkey 2 BIG MEAT PACKERS REJECT ARBITRATION Senate Votes Bill to Arm U S Ships Washington UR The senate Monday unanimously approved a bill to renew President Trumans power to arm all U S vessels dur ing a national emergency Chairman Chan Gurncy RS Dak of the armed services com mittee told the senate it was ncoded to place on the statute books continuing authority to arm U S vessels Under previous legislation re pealing many wartime statutes Ihc present authority to arm U S ships is scheduled to expire July1 into custody at Boonc Sunday night Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with possible light rain Monday night and Tuesday A little cooler Monday night Little change in temperature Tuesday Low Monday night near 30 High Tuesday near 45 Iowa Cloudy with light rain Mon day night and Tuesday A little colder Monday night Low Mon day night 25 northwest to 35 southeast High Tuesday 40 northwest to 40 southeast Minnesota Cloudy south and part ly cloudy north portion with oc casional light rain extreme south portion Monday night and Tues day Colder Tuesday and north and west portions Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 2I hour pcrioli ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At B a m Sunday EAR AGO Maximum Minimum 1 2R 21 13 3 If 26 2 Men Are Killed in Crash Near Hazelton By THE ASSOCIATKD PRESS Auto accidents in Iowa claimed 4 more lives over the weekend boosting the total for the year t 73 Two men died early Suirdaj morninjr at Oclwcln of injurlc suffered Saturday night in a traf fie accident near Hazelton Thcj were William Fuglmic 29 o Rockford III and Kenneth King 24 of Hazelton Both suffered skull fractures At Anamosa Matthew Weber 19 of near Monticello was killec Saturday night when the car he was driving hit an icy spot on the highway and overturned Francis Olson of Wntaga III died Sunday in a Cedar Rapids hospital of injuries suftercel in cartruck crash near there highway 30 Also in the Oelwein hospita was Mrs Norm a Mansoil 20 of Rockford who suffered a broken pelvis and 2 broken legs Slate Highway Patrolmen Charles Fels and Harold DC Gear said the accident in which Olson was injured occurred 8 miles west of Cedar Rapids They said the car Olson was driving sidcswiped an other car approaching from the opposite direction and swung hroadside in the road A semitrailer truck behind Ol sons car struck the car broadside the patrolmen snid In the Anamosa 3 youths who were riding with Web er were unhurl They said as the car turned over the left front door opened Weber fell out and was pinned bencatli he machine ot 32 14 20 Months5 Years for Meyers was sen was 30 years imposed one SAME RUek truffle In 31 haarx war record Fire Destroys Valuable Books Montreal of the most valuable collections of French and FrenchCanadian history books in the world was destroyed by a fire that swept through most of the Jacques Carticr school In Lafon tainc pork Sunday Damage wns estimated at more than The valuable books are irreplac ablc a school official said CAR ACCIDENTS CLAIM 4 LIVES lioone 17yearold who entered thc home of a girl friend at Nauvoo 111 took her away at gunpoint and fled in an auto headed back toward Nauvoo Monday instead of toward Cali fornia as they had planned The couple Edward Arnold and 1 on nn Klinuelmnellcr 15 lold Highway Patrolman Gerald Fisk who picked them np near here Sunday they planned to be mar ried and go to California Fisk snid the girl declared she went with Arnold willingly Ar nold snid he didnt hold the gun on the girl only on her father The father Wolscang Klingcl muellcr had objected to thc girl dating Arnold because they were tooyoung Arnold told Fisk Joanns father refused let me take her out for a Sunday drive f pointed a 22 rifle at him and said Im goinp to lake her anyway She wants to RO Klingclmuellcr told Nauvoo authorities Arnold had said he planned to take the girl lo his sis ters house at Keokuk Iowa for dinner Ho said the boy warned him that if police were notified he would kill both the girl and him self Iowas HogRun Cut Sharply as Packers Wait for Strike 6 CIOOrganizecl Plants Will Be Permitted to Continue Operations DCS Moincs hog run was about onethird of nor mal Monday as major packers marked time pending approach ot the midnight deadline for the scheduled CIO packinghouse worker strike Mondays interior Iowa hor re ceipts were estimated at approxi mately 17000 and prices were up 50 cents a hundred Most major packing plants and packer concen tration points were completely out of the market CIOUPWA district headquar Lcrs in DCS Moincs said that when the strike starts G ClOorganizcd plants m Iowa will be permitted to continue to operate The G are Glascr Sioux City Davis at Eslhcrvillo Tobin at Fort Dodge and Eslherville and Book cy and DCS Moincs Pack in Dos Omaha and Kingan Moincs Glascr t tf umaha also will be permitted to operate However any of these plants could be closed down at a Jntcr time if new decisions are made UPWA spokesman said Iowa plants scheduled to shut down include Morrell at Ottum wa Iowa Packlnr in Des Moines Rath at Waterloo Wilson at Cedar Rapids Armour Cudahy and bwift at Sioux City Decker at Mason City and Swift at Perry Upwards of 13000 Jowa UPWA workers will be affected Iowa lo cals of the union has made plans or picket lines at the plants in Olved A district office spokes nan said here however that he Vnew of no cases where such in tftuuons as hospitals would not be permitted to obtain meat WUn locker plants filled and wholesale and retail butchers veilstocked no panic buying by onsumers was reported in Iowa t was believed that alone with outputs of plants not affected by thc strike and with storage stocks available at retail levels it might be some time before any import ant effects of the slrikowould be noticed by consumers 4 Known Dead 20 to 25 Injured in Farm Equipment Plant Blast ILouisvllle Ky work men were killed and 20 to 25 were injured here Monday in an explosion at thc big plnnl of the International Harvester Farm Equipment Company Tiic cause of thc explosion had not been determined hours after the blast demolished a 150 by 75 foot brick and steel building in which engines made in a nearby mam plant were tested Normally about 50 of the com panys 4000 employes worked in the test building but thc explosion took place just as the night shift was leaving and the day shift was arriving so officials were not sure now many men were in Ihc build ing at Ihc time It has been estimated that at any given limo one in every Americans needs some kind of medical attention SWIFT CUDAHY TURN DOWN CIO UNION OFFER Armour Has Not Replied to Proposal to Talk Over Packinghouse Demands ChicuKo of 3 major meat packers stood pal Monday on their rejection ot an offer to arbi trate their wage dispute with the CIO United Packinghouse Work ers who have called a nationwide strike for a m Tuesday The arbitration proposal was sent to Swift Company the Cutl ahy Packing company and Ar mour Company but Swift and Cudahy fiuickly rejected They said they were sticking to their offer of a an hour wage boost The union which had original ly demanded n 29eent an hour in crease for its 100000 members said it would call off the strike if the companies would accept arbi tration of the 20 cents difference Armour has not replied to the proposal but the union said it would arbitrate with that com pany alone if it accepted iiuiiJii Sieistcizi isnion said the offer will he kept open until midnight one minute before the strike is scheduled to start The he added provides that the companies agree to imme diate payment of their 9ccnt offer retroactive to Jan 12 In turning clown arbitration Swift said it considers the 0 cents a fair wage increase nncl added it recently had come to terms with the AFL amalgamated meat cut ters and butcher workmen of North America on that basis The company said that about 40 per CCnt Of its Cmploy of the AFL Federal conciliators called an other meeting Monday in an effort to avert the strike which industry sources estimated would cut the nations meat supply by 50 per cent and affect most consumers within a few days Helstcin said that two thirds of viie unions members now re ceive less than an hour Both the CIO and AFL unions tied up the packing industry for several clays about 2 years ago until the plants were seized by the federal government In the event of a strike Tues day n Swift spokesman said its JB other plants throughout the nation and those of other companies would attempt to step up produc tion with the help of the AFL unions Rule Labor Law Ban on Political Funds Is Unconstitutional Washington Judge Ben Moore Monday held unconsti tutional the TailHartley acts ban on union political expenditures On that grounds he dismissed indictment accusing the CIO an and CIO President Philip Mur ray of violating the ban Murray had sought indictment in order to test the laws prohibi tion against unions spending money on behalf of candidates for political office Labor men particularly wanted to get a ruling because they have laid plans for extensive political activities in this notional election ycnr The justice department as a matter col policy is expected to lake the case on up to the supreme court Only the highest court can give a final conclusive ruling Taft and Brewsfer Get Dunked Brcwstcr sald car to CIO Decker Heads Meet on Walkout Management and union officials at Jacob E Decker and Sons met Monday forenoon to discuss opera tion of the packing plants power house iC strike plans go through The ClOUniled Packinghouse Workers union is scheduled to go on strike at a m Tuesday for higher wages throughout tht industry The strategy board of local union 38 in Mason City has of fered to man the power as long as there is no attempt to operate the plant during strike Operation of power house is necessary to keep heatimr and refrigeration units going mnd prevent damage to the plant and its contents The union has offered to supply 7 men for each shift at the power plant according to Art Costello chairman of the strategy board He added that offJce workers gov ernment inspectors and plant guards would be allowed to go through the picket lines Workers were killing beef Mon day so that no live animals will be left in the plant Costello said and whatever meat is on hand will be cut Monday The plant stopped receiving livestock Saturday Costello said the union would request everyone to observe the picket lincs There arc 1044 nnlon who will be affected by the pro posed strike at Deckers CIO union officials revealed A public meeting also was slated by the union for Monday evening The mass meeting ot local 38 and its friends Costello said will be held in the Wedgewoocl room of the Hotel Hanforcl at 8 p m Speakers at the mass meeting will include Lee Simon Des Moines union public relations di rector and Fred Stover Hampton president of the Iowa Farmers union Costello said this will be an open meeting to which farmers and all others Interested are in Siliil Members of the local 38 strategy board arc Coslello chairman and Clarence Ramsey cochairman Ed Melsh public contact chairman and Earl Burns cochairman Vcrnon Belseth finance chairman and Floyd Matson cochairman Lyle Mcdlin recreation chairman and Robert Holt cochairman Robert Loguc welfare chairman and Earl Burns cochairman Wil liam Shannon transportation chairman Woodrow Green kitch en committee chairman and Dor othy Hennes nncl Nellie Kober as sistants John Wagner education committee chairman George Ash lock picket committee chairman and Harold Davis Allen Bull and Anton Anderson cochairmen Mabel Haunches headquarters committee chairman and Claire Davis Elsie LcDuc nncl Gladys Bclscth cochairmen Forrest Ab bott chairman of the miscellane ous committee and Howard Mays cochairman Charles Kranz chairman of veterans committee and Merle Larson cochairman publicity committee nil members of the executive board Theft of Pipe Brings Charge Against 4 Men Four Mason CHy men charged with grand larceny are being held in thc county jail pending hearing in connection with the theft of a carload of water pipe from near thc Clear Lake stockyards on high way 106 Held arc Dwayne Dreher 26 Park Inn Gaylord Miller 24 252 12th S E Shirley Kopps 19 711 Washing ton S W Robert Wolff 19 1220 Kentucky S W Dreher was arrested by mem bers of the sheriffs office and the olhcr 3 surrendered Saturday afternoon Thc pipe was taken the night of March 2 and sold to a Mason Cily junk dealer the next day On the same afternoon men were seen dismantling more of the pipe but escaped when the Clear Lake po lice gave chase The pipe has been recovered Truman Tells U S Agencies to Keep Loyalty Probe Files PresidenC Tru man Monday ordered federal agen cies to turn down any requests from congress or the for se cret papers on loyalty investiga tions of government employes He instructed agency chiefs to refer nny demand including any subpoena to the office of the pres ident for such response as the pres ident may determine to be in thn public interest in particular
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