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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 1, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NIWSFAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION lilUIJ VOL LIV ind Untert Press Full Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 1 Thla Paper Coruiria of Two One One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor How the Communist Press Is Operated IN the United Nations quest for a common ground on which the nations of the world could meet and promote the ideal of a free press throughout the world it has been revealed that the de mocracies including America are poles apart from the Russians in fundamental concept of the sub ject From our point of view it is the complete absence of government control that makes a press free from the communist point of view tins government control is the foremost requisite of a free press Obviously then in the face of such diametrically opposite prem ises it is going to be utterly im possible to get together on any covenant or understanding to ad vance the free press ideal In this area as in most others its to be 2 one TO paint the picture accurately however it should be ad mitted that the American stand with respect to press freedom is not precisely the same as that tak en by spokesmen for western Eu ropean nations Under cur basic concept the press is MORALLY responsible to tell the truth whereas under the European concept the press is LEGALLY responsible to tell the truth Theres a difference here but it is by no means unbridgeable Theres full agreement between us that newspapers SHOULD tell the truth and theres full agree ment that newspapers SHOULD NOT be under government con trol THE idea of government control of the press is so deeply imbedded in communism that its spokesmen find themselves utter ly at a loss to understand the op eration of a free press in America Not infrequently Russian rep resentatives at the UN in New York have taken notice of the criticisms directed at Russia in our newspapers War monger ing and lying press are much used terms in their daily conver sation iiit been explained to them number Jess times they still cant under stand why such criticism cant be throttled by Washington This of course is because they either cant or wont understand democ racy UNDER the American system of press freedom the law of libel and the law covering obscenity at all times and the law covering sedition in time of war constitute just about the only restraints fac ing the individual newspaper Except in matters which iill within these areas neither the government in Washington nor the government within a state or municipality exercises any con trol over what docs or does not go into the individual newspaper The newspaper is answerable to those who support it as read ers or as advertisers 1C its product doesnt suit them they can with draw their patronage and ulti mately block further publication But thats something wholly dif ferent from government control Two systems of journalism more dissimilar than ours and Russias could hardly be imagined The contrast is that of black and white I leave it to you to deter mine which is which IN recent weeks Editor and Pub lisher journal for the news paper worker has been present ing a series of articles on the in ner workings of Russian journal ism written by a former com munist newspaper man While the writer is not named Editor and Publisher vouches for his genuineness and for the gen uineness of his articles Special pains were taken to make sure of this In fullest detail the writer in his articles reveals how complete control over news and opinion is exercised by the communist party Those who man the edi torial departments must be grad uates of the partys journalism institute NO activity in Russia could be more hazardous for the indi vidual than thinking for himself or questioning party authority Of the 9 editors I have person ally known says the writer 3 have been shot 3 are in concen tration camps one was removed one died a natural death and one who disappeared never has been heard from since ONE of the interesting stories related in the Editor Pub lisher series has to do with Michael Manuilsky editor of an illustrated communist periodical called the Crocodile That is he was the editor He isnt any more The crime which sent him to oblivion was paraphrasing an aphorism by Joe Stalin Marxism is not a dogma but a guide to Hfeful action said Stalin Dont keep to Marxism as the CONTINUED OJC PAGE 2 I Postpone VerHelst Sentence Sentencing of Charles VerHelst Mason City convicted recently by a district court jury of muixler in the 2nd degree has been postponed by Judge William P Butler until early next week it was announced Monday by County Attorney James R Brown The postponement was made at the request of the county attorney because of the absence of John A Senneff special prosecutor who is in Arizona Judge Butler indicated that the sentencing would be not later than March 10 Brown said Heavy Snow Ranging Up to 14 Inches Blankets South Iowa Travel Hazardous But No Main Highways Are Blocked After Storm Des Moines weekend flood conditions cased snow rang ing up to 14 inches fell in Iowa Monday Jso main highways were blocked but travel was hazardous No drifting was reported Heaviest snow was at Oakland in western Iowa with 14 inches but several points including Des Moines Atlantic Council Bluffs Red Oak Newton Grinnell Gulh rie Center and Greenfield had ap proximately a foot Except for the northwest cor ner practically all oC Iowa got some new snow The weather bureau said the snow was caused by a low pres sure area from New Mexico which was moving northeastward across the state In Waterloo approximately 200 persons were temporarily home less as a result of high waters of the Cedar river Conditions had improved at Decorah and Charles City where several homes were inundated Saturday At Decorah where flood waters rushed into a broken main and contaminated the city supply res idents were boiling their water as a health precaution The main has been repaired and results of tests at the University of Iowa are awaited as to water purity Snow depthsvaried greatly throughout the state Numerous points had only an inch Bus and rail travel was proceeding on a near normal basis Only Iowa road reported closed due to snow was No 58 between edar Falls and Hudson No 20 lorth of Waterloo remained closed due to high Water The Mason City district office of the Iowa state safety patrol r1 jHii Jtnvi ioiitis smuiv covered and slippery Monday forenoon following half inch snowfall which stayed on the pav ing At Iowa City the Iowa river had risen past the 8 foot stage and still was rising Some ice jams were reported upstream The heaviest belt of snowfall appeared to follow roughly along U S 6 from Omaha to Iowa City Points north and south of that line got considerably less snow Numerous schools especially rural schools were closed Monday In Monona and Harrison coun ties 25000 acres of farm land were under water after 4 breaks occurred in levees along the IJttlu Sioux river and MononaIInrrison ditch At Waterloo 200 residents of Sherwood park along the Cedar moved out when water surrounded their homes Sunday Waverly was having trouble with the same stream The weather bureau said Atlan tic had more than 12 inches of snow Monday morning Ten inches had fallen at Des Moines and Council Bluffs while Iowa City had 5 inches Many points had an inch or more The stale highway patrol issued the following morning report on Iowa road conditions Highways snow packed and slip pery in south central and extreme southwest Iowa Loose snow in the vicinity of Marshalltown Ten inches of snow in the vicinity of Des Moines highways snowpacked and slippery Appanoose county snow packed highways Hills and curves sanded Creston inches of snow Snow stopped but highways slippery Atlantic and Council Bluffs to 12 inches of new snow Plows out sanding hills and curves Red Oak and to 4 inches new snow Highways packed and slippery In west central Iowa there is 4 inches of new snow with roads snowpacked and sippery Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday without much change in temperature Low Monday night 25 to 30 High Tuesday 24 to 28 Iowa Snow east and cloudy west portion Monday night Tuesday cloudy with snow southeast Not much change in tempera ture Low Monday night 18 to 22 northwest 25 to 30 southeast High Tuesday 25 to 30 north west and 30 to 34 southeast High Monday 28 to 30 Shippers Forecast 20 to 25 north 25 to 30 south Minnesota Partly cloudy north and west and light snow south east portion Monday night Tuesday cloudy with snow in the afternoon and at night Colder north portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday Precipitation Snow YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday moniing Maximum 28 Minimum 21 At 8 a m Sunday 21 Precipitation Trace Snow Trace 27 21 2G 01 i Inch ill UTV S 9 SMT SS fi Si Woman Clerk Slugged as Pair of Bandits Hold Up Iowa Bank AP VVirepboto HELPFUL Joseph St Marie left found his car stalled in snow from the worst storm of the season in Minneapolis he enlisted the help of Eugene Scott Louisville Ky and Scotts elephant Babe The obliging elephant easily freed the auto TRADE RENEWAL Requests Extension of Reciprocal Agreement Washington President Truman Monday aslced congress to extend the reciprocal trade agreements act for 3 years un til June 12 1951 Mr Truman said in a message that the trade agreements act has been in effect for 11 years and has become an essential clement of United States foreign policy The act Rives the president pow er to work out tariffcutting agreements with other nations The United States agrees for in stance to cut import duties on Britishmade products and Bri tain agrees to cut her import duties on American products The act was first put on the statute books in 1934 and has been renewed 4 times It said the presi dent could cut tfiriffs to onehalf what they were in 1934 While the power is granted to the president the state depart ment actually works out the agreements Some ot the ogrecments made there already have come under fire in congress Mr Trumans re quest for continuance of the law which expires June 12 appears certain to run into strong opposi tion Moderate Quake Shakes Southern California TOS Angeles earth quake of moderate intensity awakened residents throughout a pieshaped belt of southern Cali fornia early Monday but appar ently caused no damage Its greatest force was felt in the San Bernardino Valley 40 to GO miles east of Los Angeles The quake was felt at a m with an aftorshock a minute later Most of Aid Is Earmarked for Greek Troops Washington army officers said Monday that most of the new proposed aid program for Turkey and Greece would be used to bolsler the Greek army Aid for Turkey is not urgent at ihc moment the officers said and can wait But the Greek army still needs more machine guns moun tain artillery trucks and other war materiel There were some estimates that Greece would receive about 00000001 the aid It would be used for military purposes In the fu ture Greece will receive aid under the European recovery program Marshall plan increase its army and militia to Greek government forces are 200000 officers and men preparing to launch a spring and American army officials said and summer offensive to crush the tms Wl11 mean increased aid Greek guerrillasThe government The Secretary of forces arc being advised by Mai State George C Marshall has Gen James A Van Fleet and his asked congress to provide would frican staff be for a 15month period begin The Greek government plans to ning April 1 Experts Get Chess Lesson From Boy 12 Atlanta year ago Har mon Miller Jr taught his 12 year oJd son Harmon III to play chess In 3 weeks the boy was beating papa who finally appealed to ex perts of the Atlanta Chess club agreed to introduce the tothe harsh A week ago the association launched the annual city open chess championship tourney Lit tle Harmon won Sunday Vandenberg in Strong Plea for Aid Bill Washington Senator Van rlonberg RIYIich urged the sen ate Monday to light the bacon of economic nid to Europe before aggressive communism knocks on the new worlds door and threatens its freedom Beginning debate on the 300000000 Marshall aid plan Ihc chairman of the senate foreign re lations committee told his col leagues Tins act may well lecome a welcome beacon in the worlds dark night But if that beacon is to he lighted at nil it had belter he lighted before it is too late Across the capitol the house for eign affairs committee decided it will wrap foreign aid for Europe China Greece and Turkey into a single package Chairman Eaton RN J said ho hopes a bill covering all these aid programs will be ready to go to the house floor before the end of the month The administration has asked aid for China and in military assistance for Greece and Turkey With about 50 senators listening intently Vandenberff asked that congress help stop World 111 before it starts by approving the European recovery program Some members including Sena tor Taft of Ohio chairman of the republican policy committee have said they will vote to cut the 300000000 limitation on aid spending for the 12 months be ginning April 1 Under terms of the bill the ad ministrator would have cabinet status If any differences arose between him and the secretary of state over policy would settle them the president Vandenberg said experts agree that the program will not lead to government controls that would not otherwise be required Congregational Church of Burlington Rejects Merger by 28323 Vote Burlington of the First Congregational church here Sunday rejected by a vote of 283 to 23 to unite the Evan gelical and Reformed church and the Congregational church to the United Church ol Christ The vote taken was for the past 2 weeks made on the basis of n union proposal Three iVIinneiipolls residents in cluding Paul C La Slant 55 city park commissioner died of over exeition while shoveling snow Two other Minnesota residents died under similar conditions dur ing the weekend storm Most telephone and telegraph lines knocked out of service were repaired Monday but 10 Minne sota towns were still isolated A vast storm center formed over Texas and Oklahoma Monday and began moving northeasterly threatening to send new floods across lowlands in southwestern and midwcstern stales The storm was sweeping ponder ously up the Mississippi Valley It was expected to reach Missouri and southern Illinois by Monday night or early Tuesday Forecasters said it would over spread the Ohio river valley by Tuesday night or Wednesday Streams and rivers were falling at most points in the midwest Monday but authorities feared the new storm would create more floods during the coming week Some of the rain falling over Oklahoma and Kansas Monday was expected to aid the winter wheat crop provided it did not push streams out of their banks far enough to cause serious dam age to the crops Warmer weather throughout the Mississippi and Ohio valleys in creased thp danger of floods En gineers said the rising tempera tures would melt the ice on rivers and the frost in the ground re leasing billions of gallons of water into streams The Galena river returned to its banks at Galena 111 and mer chants brought their slocks down from 2nd floors where they took them when the stream flooded the business district last week The Pecatonica river also re ceded at Darlington Wis from the high water mark at which the stream had flooded a 2 block busi ness area Wisconsin Minnesota and Dakotas Dig Out After Snow 35 Inches Reported FLNMLUSS Nor Minnesota I L sill and the Dakotas Monday were dig ging out of their heaviest snowfall of the year Snowplows had bucked their way through the drifts left on main roads by Sat urdays blizzard but many state roads were still blocked Bus lines and railroads in the snow area reported that trans portation was running on schedule after the record snowfall which left as much as 35 inches of snow on the ground at Duluth Minn Park Falls Wis reported that inches of snow fli in 36 hours Sources Say President Favors Signing Treaty Helsinki Juho Paasikivi opened discussions with in the Finnish government Mon day on Prime Minister Stalins proposal for a FinnishRussian treaty of friendship and mutual aid Paasikivi conferred at the pres idential palace for 3v hours with Premier Mauno Peekala Foreign Minister Carl Enckell Vice For eign Minister Reinhold Svento and Lt Gen Aaene Sihvo com manderinchicf of the Finnish army President Juho Paasikivi it was learned will be told Wednesday of the final decisions of major po litical parties on the idea which is expected to be submitted to par liament The governments offi cial statement on the subject is not expected before Wednesday night Well informed sources said the president is in favor of signing such a treaty Over the weekend he received K L Kulo head of Stern Gang Admits Blast in Palestine Jerusalem Stern gang said Monday it set the triple blast which wrecked 3 railroad sleepers Sunday killing 27 British troops and injuring 33 This is our answer for last Sun iays Ben Yehuda street crime the Jewish underground group de ilared It referred to the Jerusalem bombing which killed 54 Jews on Feb 22 Haganah Jewish militia said it liad unconfirmed reports that British troops had arrested 24 Jews it Mikve Israel near Tel Aviv Sunday night and had turned them over to an Arab mob as retaliation for the train attack A police source in Jerusalem said it had reports the 24 Jews were taken by soldiers from a spirits factory at Mikve Israel and released in allArab Jaffa Lt Gen G H A MacMillan commander of British forces in Palestine said 3 mines shattered the wooden troop cars near Rcho vot 15 miles southeast ol Tel Aviv They were jammed with soldiers returning from leave in Cairo MacMillan said a 4th mine failed to go off Had it exploded he said the toll might have been 50 or more The 3 sleepers part of a north bound Cairo express were passing through a Jewis citrus belt 15 miles southeast of Tel Aviv when they were blown up The blast ripped the tracks and hurled pieces of wreckage into the nearby orange trees It was the 4th at tack on the Cairo express The explosion climaxed a day of scattered violence in the Holy T SuVidayb Larruiiuruu itrui sabotage throughout the Holy Land claimed 67 lives all told The new deaths brought to 1510 he unofficial list since the Nov 29 decision of the United Nations to partition Palestine MEN FlfE WITH LOOT IN WEVER ST1CKUP Robbery Takes Place in Town 10 Miles South of Burlington Wever woman clerk was slugged by one of 2 bandits who robbed the Farmers Savings bank here of approximately at p m Monday Miss Flora Patton 22 the only person in the bank at the time was hit while she lay lace down on the floor at the command of the bandits She was unable to see what instrument was used to hit her hut she was not seriously in jured Mrs Marjorie Copeland 26 as sistant cashier of the bank said the loss was fully insured She saw the men drive off in a green and tan 5passenger coupe imme diately after the robbery She saM their car bore outofstate license plates Mrs Copeland told this story oC the holdup based on events as re lated by Miss Patton The 2 men came into the bank one them brandishing a gun They told Flora to lie face down on the floor While one stood out side the counter and covered her the other went behind the cage When they asked where the the proMoscow party socialist unity Recover Body of lowan Ottumwa body of Mrs Francis McDaniel 29 miss ing from her home here since Nov 6 was recovered from the Des Moines river late Sunday near the hydroelectric plant in the down town district FOXES Crawford county reports 488 foxes killed within the county during 1947 Press and radio here published Sunday the text of Stalins letter to Taasikivi dated Feb 22 and closing with deep respect The letter proposed negotiations in Moscow or Helsinki toward a pact of friendship cooperation and mutual assistance against possible German aggression Well informed sources said now that the letter is published get ting the pact has become a poin of prestige for the Soviet Union They said they believe President Paasikivi feels this way To turn down the soviet bid would aggrave EussianFinnish relations to a dangerous degree To accept it could mean Finland might get as favorable conditions as possible toward keeping nation al independence 2 lowans Are Killed in Highway Accidents By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Two fatal accidents Sunday boosted the state toll for 1948 to A N Peters 80 a retired rail road dispatcher was killed at Boonc when the car he was driv ing was in collision with a Chi cago North Western railroad train At Johnston north of Des Moines Arthur Brack 44 of Des Moines was killed when struck by a car as he was walking along the road early Sunday morning toward Des Moines Sheriff Steve BcauliRU said Pe ters apparently became confused and stalled his car on che railroad tracks The car was hurled more than 100 feet and Peters was trapped inside SAME Black death in past money was she said it was in the counter till One of them said thai isnt enough1 and tben he slugged her on the head as she lay there He then went into the vault which had been opened only a buiit cl the loot froiii the safe in side No one came Snlo the bank while the robbers were there They left hurriedly and I saw them speed off toward the south I was returning from lunch and was about half a block away Mrs Copeland said no bonds or securities were taken She said Miss Patton called Fort Madison police at once after trying unsuc cessfully to reach the state patrol Road blocks were thrown up by Lee county officers Miss Patton had never seen either of the men before but she said she would never forget the man who held the gun on her She did not get a good look at the one who hit her on the head Mrs Copeland said no one re called seeing any suspicious char acters around town recently but added They seemed to know there was more money in the vault She said the vault did not have a time lock but usually was opened around noon Wever is located midway be tween Fort Madison and Burling ton on Highway No 61 It was Iowas 2nd 1948 bank holdup The first week in January 2 brothers Donald Grimm 22 and Billy 24 both of Des Moines took from the NorwalkCumming State bank south Des Moines They were captured a few hours later and have been sentenced to life terms In Des Moines R W Nebergall chief of the Iowa bureau of in vestigation said one of the hold upmen was about 38 to 40 years old about 5 feet 11 inches tall and of medium build He said the bandit car was a Chevrolet Police Captain Wounded Clinton UR Police Captain Chris Hansen was reported recov ering in a hospital here Monday of injuries suffered when several shells exploded while he was re loading his service pistol Satur day night His condition was not regarded as serious t 3 Persons Shot Over Continual Playing of Tune on Jukebox New York playing of the tune Civilization on the juke box in a Manhattan bar early ITonday led to the shooting of 3 persons The victims police said were Josephine Ostoloco 20 who had fed nickels for the same song for an hour a seaman who objected and the bartender Nemesio Calasen 47 Police said Filipe Torres 30 the sailor shot the woman and then the bartender when the latter tried to pick her up from the floor Tor res was wounded and seized in a gun duel with police on a subway platform Bullets flew when the woman changed a billat the bar and walked toward the juke box after she had played Civilization over and over again The victims were reported in serious condition nt n hospital 1 Police said Torres seized a pa tron of the bar and forced him to accompany him as a hostage as he escaped to the subway The unidentified man possibly also wounded in the subway gun lire jumped over a turnstile and fled Iowa Drive for Wallace Is Underway Des Moines first or ganized drive in Iowa in support of Henry A Wallace for president was under way Monday The state WallaceforPresident committee was formed at a closed meeting here Sunday of about 50 persons from all over the state Fred W Stover Hampton pres ident of the Iowa Fanners Union was elected chairman of the group He announced that meeting of the state executive committee had been scheduled lor March 21 The committee set May 8 and 9 as the dates for the state Wallace party convention State headquar ters were established nt hotel Plaza here Barney Conal New York City national Wallace lor President committee representative a aid Wallace plans a series ot speeches in Iowa early in campaign U S Public Roads Administm tton estimates there were 30345 000 privately owned Jrithc US at thecnd o
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