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Mason City Globe Gazette: Tuesday, November 11, 1947 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 11, 1947, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBEI JTOLUVABQdattd Pro United Press Full Leased wire CFivc Cento vm SEEK AID FOR CHINA ITS WAR DEAD IN CEREMONIES Military and Civilian Leaders Stress Need of Preparedness for U S By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS President Truman led the nation Tuesday in paying homage to the men and women who gave their lives for thaUnited States in times of war In observances in many cities throughout the country marking the anniversary of the end of World war I military and civilian leaders stressed the theme of pre paredness as a means of insuring peace The president arranged to lay a wreath at the tomb of the un known soldier in the traditional Armistice day memorial services at Arlington national cemetery Detachments from the army and marines were assigned to take part in the ceremonies sponsored fay the American Le gion Speakers included Secretary of the Navy John L Sullivan James F ONeil national com mander of the American Legion and Mrs Lee W Button of Excel sior Minn national president of the Legion Auxiliary Secretary of the Army Kenneth C Royall went to Philadelphia to speak in Independence hall Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberger com mander of the occupation army in Japan was featured speaker in ceremonies at Cincinnati and Rear Admiral Oswald S Colclough judge advocate of the navy spoke at Scranton Pa Fleet Admiral Chester W Nim itz said in an Armistice day state ment that a strong well equipped army navy and air force is ne cessary to assure Americans that the peace gained for us by the heroic sacrifice of the men and women of both World wars is pre served in tfi ideals for which ther f ought In Paris meanwhile the com munists made a political event of western iEuropes main celebration of the armistice at the tomb of the unknown soldier in Paris Communist party members were summoned to a parade of work ers democrats and patriots fol lowing official ceremonies The avowed purpose of the commun ist demonstration was to show their unshaken will to defend peace democracy and the inde pendence of France President Vincent Auriol of France headed the official ceme monies starting with amilitary and war veterans parade The United States army in France planned a ceremony at St Ger mainisle in the Seine river for some 150American soldiers of the supply headquarters of the American graves registration com mand In New York parades were scheduled by veterans and re serve organizations with major observances on the mall at Central park and before the eternal light inMadison Square and in Union Square As speakers in the United States and abroad made reference to our historic allies in western Europe Americans throughout the country made preparations to load to the utmost the Friendship Train now crossing the country with food for Europes hungry people AP Wirephoto TURKEY FOR A AllorS 4 smiles over a turkey which she is sending to London for the wedding reception of Princess Elizabeth Julie walked away from her Brooklyn home Monday and made her way by subway to Manhattan where she entered the office of a firm which sends food packages by air express to Europe The child ordered the turkey for Princess Elizabeth offering to pay for it with the contentsof her piggy bank Julie said she had heard about the food shortage in England and wanted Princess Elizabeth tohave enough food at her wedding REUTHER HEADS FOR 2ND TERM AS DAW LEADER Convention Indorses His Position for Filing NonRed Oaths Atlantic City N 3 The battleweary United Auto Work ers CIO prepared to reelect Wal ter Reuther as their president Tuesday for a 2nd term At 40 Reuther was riding high in the labor movement The CAW convention had indorsed his po sition in favor of filing noncom munist affidavits under the Taf Hartley act He had won the bless ing of CIO President Philip Mur ray He apparently was in real command of the big union for the first time The opposing political faction the socalled left wing led by SecretaryTreasurer George Addes formally conceded Reuthers elec tion victory when it decided Mon day night not to run anybody against him An unknown from Cleveland John De Vito insisted he would oppose Reuther as an in dependent candidate thus forcing a roll call vote But such a roll call could only delay not change the result This out of the way the UAW convention was to proceed to its hottest roll contest in which 34yearold Emil Mazey of Detroit a Reuther man sought to knock Addes out of the secretary treasurer post which Addes has held for 11 years Each roll call of the 2000 dele gates takes between 4 and 5 hours The total number of votes is about 7500 with the delegates having anywhere from 1 to 8 votes Report RussiaMARSHALLASKS STOPGAP HELP BEFORE JULY 1 Has Exploded Atomic Bomb Paris extreme rightist newspaper LIntransigeant de clared in a dispatch from Prague Tuesday that Russian scientists exploded a small sample atom bomb last June in Siberia The copyrighted article writ ten by John Griggs said one pound bomb of a type being made at Atomgrad deep in Siberia was exploded at 10 a m June 15 near the Amur river not far from Irkutsk It said the explo sion was heard for 20 miles Top soviet military men were reported among a group of 280 official wit nesses The account declared that the first test was made after the mo mentary disgrace of Peter Kapit za awardwinning soviet nuclear scientist who was replaced by Sergei Vavilov as head of the so viet nuclear research organization Lawyers Put Contempt Case to Martin Demand Issue Be Put to House Test Vote on 10 Citations Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday and Tuesday night somewhat warm er northwest and extreme west portions Wednesday partly cloudy and cold with snow flur ries east portion High Tuesday 34 to 38 Low Tuesday night around20 Shippers Forecast Prepare perish able shipments for the following open country temperatures in Iowa Tuesday night 20 to 25 in all sections Iowa 5Day Weather O n 11 o o k Temperatures will average 4 to 8 degrees below normal Nor mal highs are 44 north to 48 south and normal lows are 26 north to 29 Continued cold weather until late Friday becoming somewhat warmer Saturday and Sunday Precipi tation will average J to i inch Snow flurries Wednesday and in north portion Friday Snow over most of the state Thursday and early Friday IN AAASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 27 Minimum 7 At 8 a m Tuesday 12 Precipitation 01 Snow k inch YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 32 Washington a decision by the full house itself attorneys for 10 Hollywood fig ures involved in contempt pro ceedings went to the capitol Tues day to argue under protest against putting the issue up to Speaker Martin RMass alone The attorneys claimed through Martin Popper vice president of the National Lawyers Guild tliat Martin and the house imAmeri can activities committee are fear ful of the outcome if the con tempt case is put to a test in the house The committee recommended the contempt citations during its investigation1 of communism in Hollywood last month after the 10 declined to give yes or no an swers to questions as to whether they were members of the com munist party Fewer than a majority of the committee members were present at the hearing and the formal recommendation that the group be cited was delayed until ma jority approval was obtained by telegraph telephone and mail Since the house was not in ses sion at the time normal pro cedure calls for the committee to turn the citations over to the speaker who has the option of turning them over to the district attorney for prosecution or side tracking them until the house it self can act Popper claims the speaker also has authority to reject the cita tions outright The citations were taken to Martins office Monday but were recalled later because of what was described as a technicality There was no immediate explana tion but presumably the point was made that a majority of the committee had not actually met to consider the action Ma while notified Po jer and his associates to file a jrief and be ready to argue the case Tuesday Popper had re quested such a hearing last week At a hurriedly called news con erence Popper contended thai Martin was calling for argument on a matter not before him and protesting against the unreason able and undue haste We will argue under serious protest he said adding that the ipeaker is fearful of allowing the louse as the peoples representa tives to debate it Popper said 2 of his associates Bartley C Crum and Robert W Kenny were in California and could not possibly be here for the hearing In California Kenny said it was cowardly to submit the cases to the United States district attor ney without formal house action Popper noted that the house will be in session next week and said he could see no reason ior not allowing the cases to go over until then apiece Heuthers triumph after being AP Wirephoto MURRAY AT UAW CONVENTION Philip Murray president of the CIO gets a United Auto Workers conven tion button from George F Addis secretarytreasurer of the UAW at the unions llth annual meeting in Atlantic Gity Tuesday Find Warmer Quarters for 10 Families Evicted by Floods Snow and Cold Weather Catches Homeless in Tent City at Ottumwa known as U S service 126 Sen Brian McMahon president for 19 months name only as he puts it is a heavy blow to the unions communist minority This minority has been at war with former many years Inci dentally it has been losing ground steadily in the union throughout 1947 But that isnt the full meaning of Reuthers rapid rise It is the eclipse or at least weakening of 3 powerful allies Addes and the 2 vice presidents R J Thomas and Dick Leonard men whom the Reuther group does not accuse of being communists Thomas and Leonard then backs to the wall will defend their jobs in roll call votes Wed nesday against 2 m o r e Reuther men These are Richard Gosser the most powerful labor leader in the Toledo area and John Livingston of St Louis The convention Monday de cided by an overwhelming stand ing vote to direct all UAW offi cers to sign the noncommunist affidavits which are required by the TaftHartley act before a un ion can utilize the national labor relations board functions Addes Thomas and Leonard all spoke against signing Iowa Cityan Asks Chance for Youth Held for Slaying Chicago Rose Harney of Iowa City Iowa has written a letter asking a chance with life for Howard Lang 12 charged with murdering a playmate Chief Justice Cornelius J Har rington in whose criminal court Howard was indicted made Mrs Harneys letter public Monday The letter said Please help this child not to be convicted as a murderer x x x Please put him in a school and give him a chance with life x x x If I had room Id ask him If you cant do anything send this to the governor If he cant do anything send it on to Presi dent Truman please Carload of Corn From Spencer Will Be Added to Friendship Train Spencer UP A carload corn Tuesday was enroute to Boone where it will be hitched to the transcontinental Friend ship Train when it arrives Thurs bought from a day The corn was grain concern here at cost with more than 33000 donated by resi dents of 35 northwestern Iowa communities The crosscountry food caravan will make 6 stops in Iowa Investigate Rail Jam Cedar Rapids jP District Judge G K Thompson has in structed the Linn county grand jury to investigate the obstruction of traffic in downtown Rapids by railroad trains Cedar Ottumwa of 10 flood refugee families who have been living in tents here since last June were moving gratefully into warmer quarters Tuesday after cold weather and snow had caught up with them i A meeting of civic leaders and Bed Cross representatives Mon day night housed 4 families in cluding 12 children in 4 houses offered by various citizens A mother and her 10day old child were lodged at the YWCA Fif teen other children were Placed in private homes State Senator Elmer K Beck man and Miss Pauline Craven public health nurse were desig nated to arrange temporary hous ing for the remaining children through the American Home Find ing association The committee also pondered the problem of what to do with remaining adult families Fletcher Copes president of the Chamber of Commerce and member of the Wapello county school board suggested that aban doned school houses in the county near Ottumwa be converted into temporary homes There are 10 abandoned school houses and several are in good condition he said Financing for remodeling the abondoned schools into homes pos sibly will be forthcoming from the Red Cross the Chamber ol Commerce and from the func raised for flood relief last June by radio station WHO a small bal ance of which remains Committee members agreed tha the task is simply the culmination of work done during the summer and fall by citizens committees seeking to solve the housing prob lem for the flood refugees The committee meeting i called after the refugees spent a thoroughly chilly in the tents The tentdwellers tried to line the inside of the tents with card board and to throw up earth around the sides but efforts to keep out the cold were at bes none too effective Two children were hospitalized one with pneumonia and anothe with a throat condition A case o bronchial asthma also was re ported to have developed from thi exposure The use of plastic button doubled during the war MERCURY DIVES N NORTH IOWA Skids to 5 Above at 3 Spencer and Decorah By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Des Moines dropped to the lowest mark of the fall season early Tuesday and continued cold and more snow was the weather outlook for the next few days Spencer and Decorah in the northwest and northeast portions of the state respectively reported degrees above reading in Iowa this fall The weather bureau in its 5 day forecast said temperatures would average 4 to 8 degrees be low normal The cold snap will continue until late Friday the bureau said Snow flurries were forecast for Wednesday and in the north por tion Friday There will be snow over most of the state Thursday and Friday the forecast said Sunny skies greeted North lowans Tuesday but they brought a new low temperature mark for Ihe season The mercury huddled below the 7 degree mark at 6 a m at the KGLO weather station From 7 oclock when it was 8 the temperature climbed rapidly how ever It was 25 at 10 a m The following amounts ol snow on the ground were reported Dubuque Oskaloosa Davenport and Iowa City 2 inches Cedar Rapids 1J inches Charles City and Waterloo one inch Low temperatures other than the 5 degree low at Spencer and Decorah were Fort Dodge 7 Marshalltown 8 Atlantic and Wa terloo 9 Charles City and Oska loos 10 Iowa City Ames and Sioux City 11 Cedar Rapids Albia and Lamoni 13 The coldest spot in the midwest Tuesday morning was Duluth Minn where the zero mark was recorded while at International Falls on the Canadian border the mercury was close to that reading Temperatures in the 20s were re ported in northwest Texas The highest temperatures on the weather map Monday also were reported in in Browns ville and San Antonio former head of the senatehouse atomic energy com mission declared Jan 27 he sus pected Russia was developing an atomic fission plant beyond the Ural mountains He cited at the time a news report from the So viet Union that Kapitza had been sent to Siberia as punishment for some crime McMahon said it seems obvious to me that a more likely explanation is that Kapitza is now busily at work behind the Urals constructing an atomic fis sion Griggs dispatch quoted as au thority information transmitted from Moscow to confidential sources Griggs said he was told Russian scientists consider the So viet Union 5 years behind Amer ica in development of produc tion belt methods Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov said in a Moscow speech last Thursday that the secret of the atom bomb ceased to exist a long time ago He did not say specifically that Russia had the atom bomb Prime Minister Stalin had said 13 months before that monopo listic possession of the atom bomb cannot long continue This was in answer to a ques tion as to whether he believed pos session of the bomb by the United States was a threat to peace LIntransigeant said the Russian test was held in the presence of 3 high soviet army officers and of Servei Vavilov director of the soviet nuclear research service f Besides Vavilov who also is president of the Russian Academy of sciences many other academy specialists were among the 280 persons present as observers the account said Among the military men it said were Marshal Klementi Y Voro shilov Marshal Ivan C Bagram ian and Marshal Andrei A Zhad anov Zhadanov a member of the politburo attended as Prime Min ister Stalins personal representa Additional Funds Makes Outlay for 1st Half of 1948 Washington of State Marshall said Tuesday thai congress will be asked for 60 000 000 aid for China before next July 1 in addition to the 000000 to be asked for European countries and occupation costs This means a total outlay of for all forms of foreign aid through the first hair of 1948 Marshall told the senate foreign relations committee Senator Brewster RMe and other republican leaders have urged the inclusion of aid to China in any emergency foreign relief program Asked whether any additional appropriations will be requested for Greece and Turkey Marshall replied it is Ills understanding that no additional funds will be needed in the present fiscal year for that purpose The fiscal year ends June 30 1948 The overall figure of 000000 includes in proposed outlays for the long range European recovery program in addition to for Im mediate stopgap aid to France Italy and Austria Marshall said The secretary of state said the amount represents additional ap propriations to be requested of congress beyond those already voted for foreign financing in the last session The cabinet member gave these estimates in response to a request by Chairman Vandenberg H Mich for a total balance sheet It is estimated that it costs about a year to keep a rat on a US farm ister Stalins personal tive Griggs added Griggs quoted his informants as saying the small bombs were be ing made experimentally at a mushroom factory city deep in Siberia called Atomgrad They said Griggs reported that the Russians had not yet developed production belt methods but were attempting to reach that goal Griggs said Russian scientists considered they were 5 years behind America in the develop ment atom bomb production methods The article said the Russians were being aided by a number of German scientists who had ac cept Russian offers of positions at Atomgrad Among these it named Prof Gustav Hertz German cyclotron constructor and authority on uranium 235 Dr Robert Doepel Leipzig physicist Prof Ludwig Bevilogua and a Prof Theissen both identified as veterans of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Ber lin Griggs reported that soviet sci entists working on the bomb in cluded Profs Joffej Kzeshizhan sky J P Flerov and K Petrzhak He added that the Russians were using radioactive ores mined in the Uzbek Soviet Republic the Urals the Karelian isthmus and the region of Lake Bakpukh of proposed expenditures in the government year ending next June 30 Marshall already has said that the longrange recovery program will cost about in the next 15 months He has esti mated its final overall cost to this country at somewhere be tween and 000000000 Mr Truman in calling a special session of congress for next Mon day to deal with aid for Europe said he also will ask the lawmak ers to help put a brake on spiral ing prices at home to ease the Wow of increased exports under the long range recovery program But Senator George DGaO said he sees no reason for con gress to grant the allocation and priority authority widely ex pected to form the basis for any antiinflation program I have no interest in either long or short range aid to Europe if the cost of that program to us is going to be a completely managed regimented economy at home the Georgia senator declared Part of Europes troubles now are caused by its regimented economy We dont want the OPA back and if we are going to al locate such commodities as wheat and steel we will be taking steps toward a managed economy here George said he believes the long range program can be carried out without undue impact on the American economy if complete export controls are maintained But he said he would not go be yond that The Georgia senator also sug gested that all advances to other countries be made in the form of loans with no outright gifts such as Marshall said might have to be made to cover such goods as food fuel and fertilizer Those Poultry less Thursdays Cause Some Pink Ears Among Washingtons High Policy Makers i it nvoeidanf By FREDERICK C OTHMAN j U P Staff Correspondent Washington ttlR The pink eared ones are my subject today and I dont mean rabbits Im talk ing about the embarrassed gentle men who consider this week the eating of chicken a patriotic duty Last week tnese same stalwarts classified anybody who ate chick en particularly on Thursday a traitor to his country The ques tion is how come I packed nryself a lunch of chicken soup in a vacuum bottle chicken sandwiches and couple of drumsticks on the side and took a tour of the marble halls for the I answer Who was the footin mouth genius in charge of think ing up poultryless Thursdays The white house wasnt responsible President Truman just took the recommendations of his citizens food committee Charlie Luckman who is Bob Hopes boss and is recognized as one of the worlds great soap sales men is chairman of same Was it his deal Good heavens no That left the U S department of agriculture Clinton P Ander son secretary Clint you may re member said at a press confer ence in Chicago that meatless Tuesdays and chickcnless Thurs day were mere symbols like go ing to church on Sundays Later he announced that he really didnt mean this Still later he said that of course he realized a dead chick en consumed less grain than a live one Obviously he could not be blamed It looked like nobody in Wash ington had anything whatever to do with this chicken fricasee It snuck up on the town like a feath ery ghost and nobody knew from nothing But wait I met a fellow who locked the door of his office Then I bribed him with one of my sandwiches and he told me what cooked in the chicken stew Theres no way of confirming his tale but I have every reason to believe its accurate and if any body wants to deny it Ill be de lighted to interview him and even give him my remaining sand wich Luckman and pals in the ad vertising agencies in any event werent even thinking about chickens when they hove into Washington with their plans to save grain for Europe Their ideas included meatless Tuesday and wheatless Thursdays They even bad sample posters prepared They presented this scheme to the presidents cabinet committee which had some doubts whether the wheatless deal would work They kicked the idea around and then somebody at the agriculture o t chickenltss said ought why not make Thursday That to save grain The department of agriculture it must be pointed out enormous establishment is an with umpteen thousand employes who cant all be expected to knowwhat the fellow next door is doing Even as the policy makers were plotting poultryless Thursdays the chicken experts downstairs were working out an catmore poultry campaign When the left hand discovered what the right hand was doing and viceversa the chicken pot boiled over But it was too late The president already had signed the orders So all the chicken people howled some of the bureaucrats issued statements which sounded like Maury Mavericks gobblede gook to me and then last week the boys reversed their ruling Some of em arent speaking to each other I hear tell while Luckman and Co currently are trying to get the people to eat more chicken every day in the week Thursdays included Theyre even trying to eat it themselves but somehow they dont have much appetite drumsticks Bring on too many unhappy memories Iowa Woman Killed in Council Bluffs Accident Council Bluffs Thel ma Hill 37 Glenwood Iowa was killed early Tuesday in a traffic accident on highway 275 at a point about a half mile from the Council Bluffs city limits Deputy Sheriff H J Carter said Mrs Hill was thrown out of a truck driven by Marion A Boyer 31 of Glenwood when the truck was in collision with an oil trans port driven by Walter Kerkman 25 of 830 South 24th St Omaha Mrs Hills body found lying on the concrete apparently had been run over the deputy said Carter quoted Boyer as saying another car which didnot stop was involved in the accident SAME Black fUj xatftnB trtfflo deiih in put   

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